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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551894/-advanced-abdominal-pregnancy
#1
REVIEW
David Rabinerson, Alexandra Berezowsky, Rinnat Gabbay-Benziv
Abdominal pregnancy is a very rare obstetric complication which is seriously hazardous to the mother as well as the fetus. It poses a diagnostic challenge to this day. Both maternal and fetal mortality rates in such cases are high, as well as the malformation rate among the affected fetus. The best diagnostic tools are ultrasound and MRI. The availability of these instruments, and especially the latter, is scarce in developing countries, hence the higher rate of this type of pregnancy in these regions. The higher incidence of abdominal pregnancy in developing countries is also associated with the greater prevalence of low socioeconomic status, pelvic infections and infertility - all are more prevalent in these countries...
February 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551828/rate-and-mode-of-screw-misplacements-after-3d-fluoroscopy-navigation-assisted-insertion-and-3d-imaging-control-of-1547-pedicle-screws-in-spinal-levels-t10-s1-related-to-vertebrae-and-spinal-sections
#2
Horst Balling, Thomas R Blattert
PURPOSE: In the field of spinal surgery, 3D-fluoroscopy navigation-assisted pedicle screw (PS) insertion with intra-operative 3D-image control represents a modern application of contemporary navigation technology. In literature, sectional or vertebral accuracy limitations of this image-guidance approach are not profoundly specified. This observational study explicitly differentiates accuracy rates and misplacement mode between spinal sections and single vertebrae from T10 to S1 using a navigation-assisted approach...
May 27, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551818/novel-three-dimensional-image-fusion-software-to-facilitate-guidance-of-complex-cardiac-catheterization-3d-image-fusion-for-interventions-in-chd
#3
Sebastian Goreczny, Pawel Dryzek, Gareth J Morgan, Maciej Lukaszewski, Jadwiga A Moll, Tomasz Moszura
We report initial experience with novel three-dimensional (3D) image fusion software for guidance of transcatheter interventions in congenital heart disease. Developments in fusion imaging have facilitated the integration of 3D roadmaps from computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging datasets. The latest software allows live fusion of two-dimensional (2D) fluoroscopy with pre-registered 3D roadmaps. We reviewed all cardiac catheterizations guided with this software (Philips VesselNavigator). Pre-catheterization imaging and catheterization data were collected focusing on fusion of 3D roadmap, intervention guidance, contrast and radiation exposure...
May 27, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551173/natural-orifice-transluminal-endoscopic-partial-prostatectomy-a-real-time-image-guided-focal-extirpative-feasibility-study
#4
Haidar M Abdul-Muhsin, Nicholas J Jakob, Akira Kawashima, Alvin C Silva, Melisa L Stanton, Gianni Moshero, Erik P Castle, Paul E Andrews, Mitchell R Humphreys
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of focal endoscopic excision of PCa under guidance of real time magnetic resonance imaging/ultrasound fusion (MUF). METHODS: Using a cadaveric model, multi-focal PCa was simulated using two MRI-compatible fiducial markers.These were inserted transrectally and used to generate regions of interests (ROIs) on a 1.5 T surface coil MRI. The first marker was placed in the right mid peripheral zone (ROI 1) and the second marker was placed in the left seminal vesicle as a referent lesion for subsequent imaging...
May 24, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551152/global-approach-for-the-validation-of-an-in-line-raman-spectroscopic-method-to-determine-the-api-content-in-real-time-during-a-hot-melt-extrusion-process
#5
L Netchacovitch, J Thiry, C De Bleye, E Dumont, J Cailletaud, P-Y Sacré, B Evrard, Ph Hubert, E Ziemons
Since the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) published a guidance based on the Process Analytical Technology (PAT) approach, real-time analyses during manufacturing processes are in real expansion. In this study, in-line Raman spectroscopic analyses were performed during a Hot-Melt Extrusion (HME) process to determine the Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API) content in real-time. The method was validated based on a univariate and a multivariate approach and the analytical performances of the obtained models were compared...
August 15, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550589/carbon-dioxide-co2-angiography-as-an-option-for-endovascular-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair-evar-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-ckd
#6
Chiara De Angelis, Francesco Sardanelli, Matteo Perego, Marco Alì, Francesco Casilli, Luigi Inglese, Giovanni Mauri
To assess feasibility, efficacy and safety of carbon dioxide (CO2) digital subtraction angiography (DSA) to guide endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in a cohort of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). After Ethical Committee approval, the records of 13 patients (all male, mean age 74.6 ± 8.0 years) with CKD, who underwent EVAR to exclude an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) under CO2 angiography guidance, were reviewed. The AAA to be excluded had a mean diameter of 52.0 ± 8.0 mm. CO2 angiography was performed by automatic (n = 7) or hand (n = 6) injection...
May 27, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549929/pragmatic-trials-and-real-world-evidence-an-introduction-to-the-series
#7
Mira Zuidgeest, Iris Goetz, Rolf Groenwold, Elaine Irving, Ghislaine van Thiel, Diederick E Grobbee
This is the introductory paper in a series of 8 papers (see box). In this series we integrate the theoretical design options with the practice of conducting pragmatic trials. For most new market-approved treatments the clinical evidence is insufficient to fully guide physicians and policy makers in choosing the optimal treatment for their patients. Pragmatic trials can fill this gap, by providing evidence on the relative effectiveness of a treatment strategy in routine clinical practice, already in an early phase of development, while maintaining the strength of randomized controlled trials...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549760/perception-of-food-consumed-at-home-and-dietary-intake-a-nationwide-study-from-brazil
#8
Maria Fernanda Gombi-Vaca, Paula Martins Horta, Bruna Kulik Hassan, Thalita Fialho da Rocha, Laurits Rohden Skov, Eliseu Verly-Jr
Perception of food consumed is a key factor in acknowledging the need for behavioral change to improve diet quality. We analyzed family dietary intake according to the head of household's perception of satisfaction with food consumed by the family. Households (n = 13,351) that participated in the Brazilian Household Budget Survey and the National Dietary Survey were classified as satisfied or dissatisfied with the food consumed in the home. We compared the family dietary intake of the two groups considering their socio-demographic characteristics...
May 23, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549609/development-and-validation-of-cf-medication-beliefs-questionnaire-a-mixed-methods-approach
#9
Michelle N Eakin, Shang-En Chung, Jessica Hoehn, Belinda Borrelli, Devin Rand-Giovannetti, Kristin A Riekert
BACKGROUND: Beliefs about medication have been associated with adherence in other diseases but there are no existing disease-specific medication beliefs questionnaires for CF. This mixed-methods validated the Cystic Fibrosis Medication Belief Questionnaire (CF-MBQ), based on social cognitive theory. METHODS: Based on previous research, items were developed for five domains: motivation, self-efficacy, perceived importance, and decisional balance to take or miss medications...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549476/comparing-motivational-self-regulatory-and-habitual-processes-in-a-computer-tailored-physical-activity-intervention-in-hospital-employees-protocol-for-the-paths-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Dominika Kwasnicka, Corneel Vandelanotte, Amanda Rebar, Benjamin Gardner, Camille Short, Mitch Duncan, Dawn Crook, Martin S Hagger
BACKGROUND: Most people do not engage in sufficient physical activity to confer health benefits and to reduce risk of chronic disease. Healthcare professionals frequently provide guidance on physical activity, but often do not meet guideline levels of physical activity themselves. The main objective of this study is to develop and test the efficacy of a tailored intervention to increase healthcare professionals' physical activity participation and quality of life, and to reduce work-related stress and absenteeism...
May 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549368/developing-population-models-a-systematic-approach-for-pesticide-risk-assessment-using-herbaceous-plants-as-an-example
#11
Amelie Schmolke, Katherine E Kapo, Pamela Rueda-Cediel, Pernille Thorbek, Richard Brain, Valery Forbes
Population models are used as tools in species management and conservation and are increasingly recognized as important tools in pesticide risk assessments. A wide variety of population model applications and resources on modeling techniques, evaluation and documentation can be found in the literature. In this paper, we add to these resources by introducing a systematic, transparent approach to developing population models. The decision guide that we propose is intended to help model developers systematically address data availability for their purpose and the steps that need to be taken in any model development...
May 22, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549351/contextual-cueing-in-3d-visual-search-depends-on-representations-in-planar-not-depth-defined-space
#12
Xuelian Zang, Zhuanghua Shi, Hermann J Müller, Markus Conci
Learning of spatial inter-item associations can speed up visual search in everyday life, an effect referred to as contextual cueing (Chun & Jiang, 1998). Whereas previous studies investigated contextual cueing primarily using 2D layouts, the current study examined how 3D depth influences contextual learning in visual search. In two experiments, the search items were presented evenly distributed across front and back planes in an initial training session. In the subsequent test session, the search items were either swapped between the front and back planes (Experiment 1) or between the left and right halves (Experiment 2) of the displays...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549018/intimate-partner-violence-in-ophthalmology-a-global-call-to-action
#13
Ali R Cohen, Lynette M Renner, Erin M Shriver
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Despite increasing public awareness of IPV, little information is available regarding the prevalence, associated injury patterns, and impact of IPV as a mechanism of ocular and orbital trauma. The purpose of this review is to summarize the literature regarding the impact of IPV in ophthalmology and provide team members with guidance on appropriate practices for screening and referral...
April 25, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548608/a-descriptive-review-of-additional-risk-minimisation-measures-applied-to-eu-centrally-authorised-medicines-2006-2015
#14
Annalisa Rubino, Esther Artime
BACKGROUND: Guidance on therapeutic risk management, first released in EU in 2005, was updated in 2012-2013 with increased requirements on additional risk minimisation measures (aRMM). This study describes aRMM imposed at initial EU central marketing authorisation of medicines in 2006-2015. METHODS: Non-generic medicines authorised between 01/01/2006 and 31/12/2015 were identified in the European Public Assessment Report (EPAR) database. Data on aRMM, including effectiveness measures were extracted, tabulated and analysed with Excel 2016 for chi-square p value estimates and linear regression modelling as appropriate...
May 26, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548543/systematic-review-of-clinical-guidance-documents-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-diagnostic-assessment-in-select-regions
#15
Melanie Penner, Evdokia Anagnostou, Lana Y Andoni, Wendy J Ungar
Clinical guidance documents play an important role in ensuring access to high-quality autism spectrum disorder diagnostic assessment practices. The objective was to perform a systematic review of professional association and government clinical guidance documents for autism spectrum disorder diagnostic assessment, analyzing their quality and content. The government search was limited to English-speaking, single-payer, publicly funded health systems. A quality appraisal was conducted by two appraisers using the Appraisal of Guidelines Research and Evaluation, second edition tool...
May 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547820/future-of-medical-physics-real-time-mri-guided-proton-therapy
#16
Bradley M Oborn, Stephen Dowdell, Peter E Metcalfe, Stuart Crozier, Radhe Mohan, Paul J Keall
With the recent clinical implementation of real-time MRI guided x-ray beam therapy (MRXT), attention is therapy (MRPT). MRI guidance for proton beam therapy is expected to offer a compelling improvement to the turning to the concept of combining real-time MRI guidance with proton beam therapy; MRI guided proton beam current treatment workflow which is warranted arguably more than for x-ray beam therapy. This argument is born out of the fact that proton therapy toxicity outcomes are similar to that of the most advanced IMRT treatments, despite being a fundamentally superior particle for cancer treatment...
May 26, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546989/reflections-on-an-academic-career
#17
Judith G Hall
There are many undefined aspects to an academic medical career. This article attempts to provide some guidance about things to consider.
May 2017: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546611/bos-updates-its-guidance-on-supervision-of-orthodontic-therapists
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546374/pediatric-ards
#19
Ira M Cheifetz
The Pediatric Acute Lung Injury Consensus Conference (PALICC) has provided the critical care community with the first pediatric-focused definition for ARDS. The PALICC recommendations provide guidance on conventional ventilator management, gas exchange goals, use of high-frequency ventilation, adjunct management approaches, and the application of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for pediatric ARDS (PARDS). Although outcomes for PARDS have improved over the past decade, mortality and morbidity remain significant...
June 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546302/considerations-and-controversies-in-managing-chronic-kidney-disease-an-update
#20
REVIEW
Lalita Prasad-Reddy, Diana Isaacs, Alexander Kantorovich
PURPOSE: Current considerations and controversies surrounding the management of chronic kidney disease (CKD) are reviewed. SUMMARY: Patients diagnosed with CKD require a unique clinical approach to prevent medication toxicities and ensure appropriate management of disease-progressing comorbidities, and they require attention to commonly occurring complications that may affect disease control and impact quality of life, including anemia and CKD-bone-mineral disorder (CKD-BMD)...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
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