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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755598/efficacy-of-an-sms-based-smoking-intervention-using-message-self-authorship-a-pilot-study
#1
Krista L DeStasio, Anne P Hill, Elliot T Berkman
Introduction: Text-message-based interventions hold great potential for intervention and are increasingly feasible, given advances in information technology. Aims: This pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) aims to compare the efficacy of self-versus expert-authored content delivered via text-messaging for smoking cessation. Methods: Sixty-two participants aged 25-66 attended laboratory sessions pre- and post-30 days of text-messaging intervention...
March 2018: Journal of Smoking Cessation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728074/the-effectiveness-and-safety-of-combining-varenicline-with-nicotine-e-cigarettes-for-smoking-cessation-in-people-with-mental-illnesses-and-addictions-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Chris Bullen, Marjolein Verbiest, Susanna Galea-Singer, Tomasz Kurdziel, George Laking, David Newcombe, Varsha Parag, Natalie Walker
BACKGROUND: Smoking rates are higher in New Zealand (NZ) adults with mental illnesses and alcohol and other drug (AOD) addictions, compared to the overall population. Quit attempts using "gold standard" smoking cessation treatments often fail in people with these conditions, so more flexible treatment regimens that adapt to a person's responsiveness to treatment are worth investigating. The STATUS trial aims to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of combining varenicline with nicotine e-cigarettes for smoking cessation among varenicline non-responders in treatment for mental health illnesses and/or AOD addictions...
May 4, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723801/role-of-smoking-intention-in-tobacco-use-reduction-a-mediation-analysis-of-an-effective-classroom-based-prevention-cessation-intervention-for-adolescents
#3
María T Gonzálvez, Alexandra Morales, Mireia Orgilés, Steve Sussman, José P Espada
INTRODUCTION: Although some school-based tobacco cessation and prevention programs have been proven to be effective, there remains a lack of understanding of how these programs succeed. METHODS: This longitudinal study aimed to test smoking intention as a mediator of Project EX's intervention efficacy to reduce tobacco use. Using a computerized random number generator, six high schools located in the Mediterranean coast were randomly selected to participate in the program condition (Spanish version of Project EX) or the waiting-list control group with baseline, immediate-posttest, and 12-month follow-up assessments...
April 17, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690880/abnormal-pulmonary-function-tests-predict-the-development-of-radiation-induced-pneumonitis-in-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#4
L Torre-Bouscoulet, W R Muñoz-Montaño, D Martínez-Briseño, F J Lozano-Ruiz, R Fernández-Plata, J A Beck-Magaña, C García-Sancho, A Guzmán-Barragán, E Vergara, M Blake-Cerda, L Gochicoa-Rangel, F Maldonado, M Arroyo-Hernández, O Arrieta
BACKGROUND: Radiation pneumonitis (RP) is a frequent complication of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) and is associated with severe symptoms that decrease quality of life and might result in pulmonary fibrosis or death. The aim of this study is to identify whether pulmonary function test (PFT) abnormalities may predict RP in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. METHODS: A prospective multi-institutional study was conducted with locally advanced and oligometastatic NSCLC patients...
April 24, 2018: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655987/overcoming-safety-challenges-in-co-therapy-extracorporeal-co-delivery-under-precise-feedback-control-of-systemic-carboxyhemoglobin-levels
#5
Jakob Wollborn, Cornelius Hermann, Ulrich Goebel, Benjamin Merget, Christian Wunder, Sven Maier, Thomas Schäfer, Dominik Heuler, Klaus Müller-Buschbaum, Hartmut Buerkle, Lorenz Meinel, Martin A Schick, Christoph Steiger
Carbon monoxide (CO) has demonstrated therapeutic potential in multiple inflammatory conditions including intensive care applications such as organ transplantation or sepsis. Approaches to translate these findings into future therapies, however, have been challenged by multiple hurdles including handling and toxicity issues associated with systemic CO delivery. Here, we describe a membrane-controlled Extracorporeal Carbon Monoxide Release System (ECCORS) for easy implementation into Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) setups, which are being used to treat cardiac and respiratory diseases in various intensive care applications...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581161/smoking-abstinence-1-year-after-acute-coronary-syndrome-follow-up-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-varenicline-in-patients-admitted-to-hospital
#6
Sarah B Windle, Payam Dehghani, Nathalie Roy, Wayne Old, François R Grondin, Iqbal Bata, Ayman Iskander, Claude Lauzon, Nalin Srivastava, Adam Clarke, Daniel Cassavar, Danielle Dion, Herbert Haught, Shamir R Mehta, Jean-François Baril, Charles Lambert, Mina Madan, Beth L Abramson, Mark J Eisenberg
BACKGROUND: Patients who continue to smoke after acute coronary syndrome are at increased risk of reinfarction and death. We previously found use of varenicline to increase abstinence 24 weeks after acute coronary syndrome; here we report results through 52 weeks. METHODS: The EVITA trial was a multicentre, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of varenicline for smoking cessation in patients admitted to hospital with acute coronary syndrome. Participants were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive varenicline or placebo for 12 weeks, in conjunction with low-intensity counselling...
March 26, 2018: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549005/influence-of-dietary-nitrate-supplementation-on-lung-function-and-exercise-gas-exchange-in-copd-patients
#7
Mehrdad Behnia, Courtney M Wheatley, Alberto Avolio, Bruce D Johnson
BACKGROUND: During exercise as pulmonary blood flow rises, pulmonary capillary blood volume increases and gas exchange surface area expands through distention and recruitment. We have previously demonstrated that pulmonary capillary recruitment is limited in COPD patients with poorer exercise tolerance. Hypoxia and endothelial dysfunction lead to pulmonary vascular dysregulation possibly in part related to nitric oxide related pathways. PURPOSE: To determine if increasing dietary nitrate might influence lung surface area for gas exchange and subsequently impact exercise performance...
March 13, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544918/smoking-cessation-in-european-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-results-from-the-euroaspire-iv-survey-a-registry-from-the-european-society-of-cardiology
#8
M Snaterse, J W Deckers, M J Lenzen, H T Jorstad, D De Bacquer, R J G Peters, C Jennings, K Kotseva, W J M Scholte Op Reimer
OBJECTIVE: We investigated smoking cessation rates in coronary heart disease (CHD) patients throughout Europe; current and as compared to earlier EUROASPIRE surveys, and we studied characteristics of successful quitters. METHODS: Analyses were done on 7998 patients from the EUROASPIRE-IV survey admitted for myocardial infarction, unstable angina and coronary revascularisation. Self-reported smoking status was validated by measuring carbon monoxide in exhaled air...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371273/management-and-point-of-care-for-tobacco-dependence-prompt-a-feasibility-mixed-methods-community-based-participatory-action-research-project-in-ottawa-canada
#9
Smita Pakhale, Tina Kaur, Catherine Charron, Kelly Florence, Tiffany Rose, Sadia Jama, Robert Boyd, Joanne Haddad, Gonzalo Alvarez, Mark Tyndall
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of a Community-Based Participatory Tobacco Dependence Strategy (PROMPT) in the inner city population of Ottawa (Canada). DESIGN: A feasibility mixed methods prospective cohort study following principles of community-based participatory action research. INTERVENTION: Recruited 80 people whouse drugs, followed them for 6 months while providing access to counselling, nicotine replacement therapy and peer-support in a community setting...
January 25, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355819/effects-of-six-weeks-of-electronic-cigarette-use-on-smoking-rate-co-cigarette-dependence-and-motivation-to-quit-smoking-a-pilot-study
#10
Damaris J Rohsenow, Jennifer W Tidey, Rosemarie A Martin, Suzanne M Colby, Thomas Eissenberg
OBJECTIVES: Switching from combustible tobacco cigarettes to electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) may or may not help smokers to reduce cigarette consumption and toxicant exposure. This pilot study investigated the effects of asking smokers to switch to e-cigs for 6weeks on smoking, exhaled carbon monoxide (CO) concentration, dependence, and motivation to quit smoking. METHODS: Non-treatment seeking daily smokers (n=18) were given free e-cigs and instructed to use them instead of smoking cigarettes for 6weeks...
May 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329763/efficacy-and-safety-of-varenicline-for-smoking-cessation-in-people-living-with-hiv-in-france-anrs-144-inter-activ-a-randomised-controlled-phase-3-clinical-trial
#11
Patrick Mercié, Julie Arsandaux, Christine Katlama, Samuel Ferret, Aurélie Beuscart, Christian Spadone, Claudine Duvivier, Jacques Reynes, Nathalie Wirth, Laetitia Moinot, Antoine Bénard, David Zucman, Xavier Duval, Jean-Michel Molina, Bruno Spire, Catherine Fagard, Geneviève Chêne
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is common in people living with HIV, but high-quality evidence on interventions for smoking cessation is not available in this population. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of varenicline with counselling to aid smoking cessation in people living with HIV. METHODS: The ANRS 144 Inter-ACTIV randomised, parallel, double-blind, multicentre, placebo-controlled phase 3 trial was done at 30 clinical hospital sites in France. People living with HIV who had smoked at least ten cigarettes per day for 1 year or longer, were motivated to stop smoking, were not dependent on another psychoactive substance, and had no history of depression or suicide attempt were eligible...
March 2018: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287665/tobacco-dependence-treatment-in-the-emergency-department-a-randomized-trial-using-the-multiphase-optimization-strategy
#12
Steven L Bernstein, James Dziura, June Weiss, Ted Miller, Katrina A Vickerman, Lauretta E Grau, Michael V Pantalon, Lorien Abroms, Linda M Collins, Benjamin Toll
BACKGROUND: Tobacco dependence remains the leading preventable cause of death in the developed world. Smokers are disproportionately from lower socioeconomic groups, and may use the hospital emergency department (ED) as an important source of care. A recent clinical trial demonstrated the efficacy of a multicomponent intervention to help smokers quit, but the independent contributions of those components is unknown. METHODS: This is a full-factorial (16-arm) randomized trial in a busy hospital ED of 4 tobacco dependence interventions: brief motivational interviewing, nicotine replacement therapy, referral to a telephone quitline, and a texting program...
March 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277437/indoor-air-quality-iaq-evaluation-of-a-novel-tobacco-vapor-ntv-product
#13
Hirokazu Ichitsubo, Misato Kotaki
The impact of using a Novel Tobacco Vapor (NTV) product on indoor air quality (IAQ) was simulated using an environmentally-controlled chamber. Three environmental simulations were examined; two non-smoking areas (conference room and dining room) and one ventilated smoking area (smoking lounge). IAQ was evaluated by (i) measuring constituents in the mainstream NTV product emissions, (ii) and by determining classical environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and representative air quality markers. Analysis of the mainstream emissions revealed that vapor from the NTV product is chemically simpler than cigarette smoke...
February 2018: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217598/phenotypes-of-symptomatic-airways-disease-in-china-and-new-zealand
#14
James Fingleton, Kewu Huang, Mark Weatherall, Yanfei Guo, Stefan Ivanov, Piet Bruijnzeel, Hong Zhang, Wei Wang, Richard Beasley, Chen Wang
It is uncertain whether phenotypes of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) vary between populations with different genetic and environmental characteristics. Here, our objective was to compare the phenotypes of airways disease in two separate populations.This was a cross-sectional observational study in adult populations from New Zealand and China. Participants aged 40-75 years who reported wheeze and breathlessness in the last 12 months were randomly selected from the general population and underwent detailed characterisation...
December 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214021/a-pilot-study-with-early-adolescents-dealing-with-diet-tobacco-and-air-pollution-using-practical-experiences-and-biological-markers
#15
Chiara Marabelli, Elena Munarini, Micaela Lina, Roberto Mazza, Roberto Boffi, Cinzia De Marco, Ario Ruprecht, Giorgia Angellotti, Chiara Veronese, Paolo Pozzi, Eleonora Bruno, Giuliana Gargano, Adalberto Cavalleri, Giulia Garrone, Franco Berrino
Background: Tobacco use and the Western diet are two of the most important and investigated topics in relation to adolescents' health. In addition, air pollution is a crucial subject for future generations. School is a key social environment that should promote healthy behaviors in children and adolescents. In this field many different programs have been conducted, with mixed results and effectiveness. Research data suggest that comprehensive and multicomponent approaches may have a greater effect on tobacco use and diet, especially when integrated into a community-wide approach...
2017: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183347/the-effect-of-an-intensive-smoking-cessation-intervention-on-disease-activity-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Ida Kristiane Roelsgaard, Thordis Thomsen, Mikkel Østergaard, Robin Christensen, Merete Lund Hetland, Søren Jacobsen, Lena Andersen, Hanne Tønnesen, Silvia Rollefstad, Anne Grete Semb, Bente Appel Esbensen
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, inflammatory rheumatic disease with the potential to induce significant disability. Patients with RA are at increased risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Smokers with RA tend to experience more pain and fatigue, higher disease activity, more erosive joint destruction and a lower health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) than non-smokers. It remains to be determined whether these effects can be reduced by smoking cessation. This randomised controlled trial (RCT) in patients with RA aims to examine the effect of intensive smoking cessation intervention (motivational counselling combined with tailored nicotine replacement therapy) versus standard care on smoking cessation, and consequently on disease activity...
November 28, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150612/health-impact-of-e-cigarettes-a-prospective-3-5-year-study-of-regular-daily-users-who-have-never-smoked
#17
Riccardo Polosa, Fabio Cibella, Pasquale Caponnetto, Marilena Maglia, Umberto Prosperini, Cristina Russo, Donald Tashkin
Although electronic cigarettes (ECs) are a much less harmful alternative to tobacco cigarettes, there is concern as to whether long-term ECs use may cause risks to human health. We report health outcomes (blood pressure, heart rate, body weight, lung function, respiratory symptoms, exhaled breath nitric oxide [eNO], exhaled carbon monoxide [eCO], and high-resolution computed tomography [HRCT] of the lungs) from a prospective 3.5-year observational study of a cohort of nine daily EC users (mean age 29.7 (±6...
November 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149738/associations-of-urinary-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbon-metabolites-with-fractional-exhaled-nitric-oxide-and-exhaled-carbon-monoxide-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Yun Zhou, Yuewei Liu, Huizhen Sun, Jixuan Ma, Lili Xiao, Limin Cao, Wei Li, Bin Wang, Jing Yuan, Weihong Chen
Exposure to Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) has been associated with inflammatory responses. Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) and exhaled carbon monoxide (eCO) are both important inflammatory mediators especially in airways. However, few studies have investigated associations of PAH exposures with FeNO or eCO. Therefore, we aimed to quantify the associations of urinary PAH metabolites with FeNO and eCO levels, and investigate their potential effect modifiers by linear mixed models among 4133 participants from the Wuhan-Zhuhai cohort in China...
November 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128712/the-impact-of-a-brief-cessation-induction-intervention-for-waterpipe-tobacco-smoking-a-pilot-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Eleanor L S Leavens, Ellen Meier, Alayna P Tackett, Mary Beth Miller, Noor N Tahirkheli, Emma I Brett, Dana M Carroll, Leslie M Driskill, Michael P Anderson, Theodore L Wagener
BACKGROUND: Waterpipe (WP) tobacco smoking delivers many of the same harmful toxicants as cigarette smoking and is on the rise in the US. This study evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of a brief personalized feedback intervention in affecting changes in WP smoking among current WP smokers. METHODS: Participants (N=109) were recruited as they entered WP lounges and completed a questionnaire and exhaled carbon monoxide (eCO) testing before entering the WP lounge...
March 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100550/effects-of-a-liquefied-petroleum-gas-stove-intervention-on-pollutant-exposure-and-adult-cardiopulmonary-outcomes-chap-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Magdalena Fandiño-Del-Rio, Dina Goodman, Josiah L Kephart, Catherine H Miele, Kendra N Williams, Mitra Moazzami, Elizabeth C Fung, Kirsten Koehler, Victor G Davila-Roman, Kathryn A Lee, Saachi Nangia, Steven A Harvey, Kyle Steenland, Gustavo F Gonzales, William Checkley
BACKGROUND: Biomass fuel smoke is a leading risk factor for the burden of disease worldwide. International campaigns are promoting the widespread adoption of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) in resource-limited settings. However, it is unclear if the introduction and use of LPG stoves, in settings where biomass fuels are used daily, reduces pollution concentration exposure, improves health outcomes, or how cultural and social barriers influence the exclusive adoption of LPG stoves. METHODS: We will conduct a randomized controlled, field intervention trial of LPG stoves and fuel distribution in rural Puno, Peru, in which we will enroll 180 female participants aged 25-64 years and follow them for 2 years...
November 3, 2017: Trials
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