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cyclic hematopoiesis

Karolina Bukowska-Strakova, Maciej Ciesla, Krzysztof Szade, Witold Norbert Nowak, Robert Straka, Agata Szade, Malgorzata Tyszka-Czochara, Karolina Najder, Anna Konturek, Maciej Siedlar, Jozef Dulak, Alicja Jozkowicz
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is stress-inducible, cytoprotective enzyme degrading heme to carbon monoxide (CO), biliverdin and Fe(2+). We showed that HO-1 knock-out mice (HO-1(-/-)) have a twofold higher level of granulocytes than wild type (WT) mice, despite decreased concentration of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) in the blood and reduced surface expression of G-CSF receptor on the hematopoietic precursors. This suggests the effect of HO-1 on granulopoiesis. Here we aimed to determine the stage of granulopoiesis regulated by HO-1...
June 2017: Immunobiology
Karolina Bukowska-Strakova, Maciej Ciesla, Krzysztof Szade, Witold Norbert Nowak, Robert Straka, Agata Szade, Malgorzata Tyszka-Czochara, Karolina Najder, Anna Konturek, Maciej Siedlar, Jozef Dulak, Alicja Jozkowicz
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is stress-inducible, cytoprotective enzyme degrading heme to carbon monoxide (CO), biliverdin and Fe2+ . We showed that HO-1 knock-out mice (HO-1-/- ) have a twofold higher level of granulocytes than wild type (WT) mice, despite decreased concentration of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) in the blood and reduced surface expression of G-CSF receptor on the hematopoietic precursors. This suggests the effect of HO-1 on granulopoiesis. Here we aimed to determine the stage of granulopoiesis regulated by HO-1...
March 2017: Immunobiology
H Xia, Z Gong, Y Lian, J Zhou, X Wang
BACKGROUND: Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) response element-binding protein (CREB) is a member of the CREB/activation transcription factor 1 family that binds to an octanucleotide cAMP response element consensus sequence in promoters of target genes. METHODS: CREB has been shown to regulate a variety of cellular functions, including cell proliferation, survival, apoptosis, differentiation, metabolism, hematopoiesis, immune response, and neuronal activity...
July 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Dina Ivanyuk, Galina Budash, Yunjie Zheng, John Antony Gaspar, Umesh Chaudhari, Azra Fatima, Soghra Bahmanpour, Vladislav K Grin, Andrey G Popandopulo, Agapios Sachinidis, Jürgen Hescheler, Tomo Šarić
BACKGROUND: Reproducible and efficient differentiation of pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) to cardiomyocytes (CMs) is essential for their use in regenerative medicine, drug testing and disease modeling. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of some previously reported cardiogenic substances on cardiac differentiation of mouse PSCs. METHODS: Differentiation was performed by embryoid body (EB)-based method using three different murine PSC lines. The differentiation efficiency was monitored by RT-qPCR, immunocytochemistry and flow cytometry, and the effect mechanistically evaluated by transcriptome analysis of treated EBs...
2015: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Miguel F Diaz, Nan Li, Hyun Jung Lee, Luigi Adamo, Siobahn M Evans, Hannah E Willey, Natasha Arora, Yu-Suke Torisawa, Dwayne A Vickers, Samantha A Morris, Olaia Naveiras, Shashi K Murthy, Donald E Ingber, George Q Daley, Guillermo García-Cardeña, Pamela L Wenzel
Blood flow promotes emergence of definitive hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in the developing embryo, yet the signals generated by hemodynamic forces that influence hematopoietic potential remain poorly defined. Here we show that fluid shear stress endows long-term multilineage engraftment potential upon early hematopoietic tissues at embryonic day 9.5, an embryonic stage not previously described to harbor HSCs. Effects on hematopoiesis are mediated in part by a cascade downstream of wall shear stress that involves calcium efflux and stimulation of the prostaglandin E2 (PGE2)-cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-protein kinase A (PKA) signaling axis...
May 4, 2015: Journal of Experimental Medicine
Seth Joel Corey, Marek Kimmel, Joshua N Leonard
Hematologists have traditionally studied blood and its components by simplifying it into its components and functions. A variety of new techniques have generated large and complex datasets. Coupled to an appreciation of blood as a dynamic system, a new approach in systems hematology is needed. Systems hematology embraces the multi-scale complexity with a combination of mathematical, engineering, and computational tools for constructing and validating models of biological phenomena. The validity of mathematical modeling in hematopoiesis was established early by the pioneering work of Till and McCulloch...
2014: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Diogo Fonseca-Pereira, Sílvia Arroz-Madeira, Mariana Rodrigues-Campos, Inês A M Barbosa, Rita G Domingues, Teresa Bento, Afonso R M Almeida, Hélder Ribeiro, Alexandre J Potocnik, Hideki Enomoto, Henrique Veiga-Fernandes
Haematopoiesis is a developmental cascade that generates all blood cell lineages in health and disease. This process relies on quiescent haematopoietic stem cells capable of differentiating, self renewing and expanding upon physiological demand. However, the mechanisms that regulate haematopoietic stem cell homeostasis and function remain largely unknown. Here we show that the neurotrophic factor receptor RET (rearranged during transfection) drives haematopoietic stem cell survival, expansion and function. We find that haematopoietic stem cells express RET and that its neurotrophic factor partners are produced in the haematopoietic stem cell environment...
October 2, 2014: Nature
Olga A Smirnova, Shaowen Hu, Francis A Cucinotta
In this work, a recently developed mathematical model of the lymphocytopoietic system in acutely irradiated humans was extended to predict the dynamics of this system both in nonirradiated and acutely/chronically irradiated humans. The mathematical implementation of this model is a system of nonlinear ordinary differential equations, whose variables and parameters have clear biological meaning. We demonstrate that the model is capable of reproducing the dynamic regimes that are typical for lymphocytopoiesis in nonirradiated individuals with a hematological disorder (cyclic lymphocytopenia) and in patients receiving allogeneic stem cell transplantation...
March 2014: Radiation Research
Lin Zhang, Robert Lukowski, Florian Gaertner, Michael Lorenz, Kyle R Legate, Katrin Domes, Elisabeth Angermeier, Franz Hofmann, Steffen Massberg
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of cGMP-dependent kinase I (cGKI) on platelet production. APPROACH AND RESULTS: We used hematology analyser to measure platelet counts in conventional cGKI-null mutants (cGKI(L1/L1)), gene-targeted cGKIα/β rescue mice (referred to as cGKI-smooth muscle [SM]) in which cGKI expression is specifically restored only in SM, platelet factor 4-Cre(tg/+); cGKI(L2/L2) mice in which the cGKI protein was specifically deleted in the megakaryocyte/platelet lineage and cGKI-deficient bone marrow-chimeras...
August 2013: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Matthew O Vallejo, Glenn P Niemeyer, Alex Vaglenov, Tommy Hock, Bridget Urie, Peter Christopherson, Clinton D Lothrop
Neutropenia is common to both Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome type 2 and canine cyclic hematopoiesis (CH) which are caused by mutations in the AP3B1 gene. The purpose of this study was to determine if pearl mice were neutropenic. Complete blood counts (CBCs) and bone marrow differential counts, colony forming unit (CFU) assay, bone marrow lineage negative (lin(-)), Sca(+) and c-kit(+) cells (LSK cells), bone marrow elastase, myeloperoxidase, and cathepsin G enzyme activity were compared in C57Bl6 (Bl/6) and pearl mice...
October 2013: Experimental Hematology
Periyasamy Sivamani, Ganesan Singaravelu, Venkatesan Thiagarajan, Tamilarasu Jayalakshmi, Gopal Ramesh Kumar
Elastase is a protease or proteolytic enzyme, responsible for the breakdown of protein. There are eight human genes encoding for elastase, of which Elastase-1 (CELA-1) and Elastase-2 (ELANE) has significant implications on human diseases. Elastase-1 is primarily expressed in skin keratinocytes and is regarded as the major cause for the blistering in bullous pemphigoid, which affects the skin. On the other hand, Elastase-2 (ELANE), is expressed in the azurophil granules of neutrophils, is responsible for pulmonary emphysema and cyclic hematopoiesis a rare genetic disorder...
2012: Bioinformation
Salemiz Sandoval, Christina Kraus, Er-Chieh Cho, Michelle Cho, Juraj Bies, Elena Manara, Benedetta Accordi, Elliot M Landaw, Linda Wolff, Martina Pigazzi, Kathleen M Sakamoto
The cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) is a nuclear transcription factor that is critical for normal and neoplastic hematopoiesis. Previous studies have demonstrated that CREB is a proto-oncogene whose overexpression promotes cellular proliferation in hematopoietic cells. Transgenic mice that overexpress CREB in myeloid cells develop a myeloproliferative disease with splenomegaly and aberrant myelopoiesis. However, CREB overexpressing mice do not spontaneously develop acute myeloid leukemia. In this study, we used retroviral insertional mutagenesis to identify genes that accelerate leukemia in CREB transgenic mice...
July 5, 2012: Blood
Jing Jiang, Joanna Balcerek, Krasimira Rozenova, Ying Cheng, Alexey Bersenev, Chao Wu, Yiwen Song, Wei Tong
Hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell (HSPC) functions are governed by intricate signaling networks. The tyrosine kinase JAK2 plays an essential role in cytokine signaling during hematopoiesis. The adaptor protein LNK is a critical determinant of this process through its inhibitory interaction with JAK2, thereby limiting HSPC self-renewal. LNK deficiency promotes myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) development in mice, and LNK loss-of-function mutations are found in human MPNs, emphasizing its pivotal role in normal and malignant HSPCs...
June 2012: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Y Li, C Deng, X Hu, B Patel, X Fu, Y Qiu, M Brand, K Zhao, S Huang
TAL1/SCL is a hematopoietic-specific oncogene and its activity is regulated by associated transcriptional co-activators and corepressors. Dysregulation of TAL1 activity has been associated with T-cell leukemogenesis. However, it remains unclear how the interactions between TAL1 and corepressors versus co-activators are properly regulated. Here, we reported that protein kinase A (PKA)-mediated phosphorylation regulates TAL1 interaction with the lysine-specific demethylase (LSD1) that removes methyl group from methylated Lys 4 on histone H3 tails...
November 29, 2012: Oncogene
Shannon Jones Hostetter
Neutrophils are highly mobile phagocytes that serve as the initial effectors against pathogens and are actively recruited to sites of inflammation. Chemoattractants guide them toward the inflammation, and their interaction with endothelial cells directs them through postcapillary venules and into the tissues. Once they have reached their destination, they can efficiently kill many microbes via phagocytosis, extracellular release of granule contents, and the formation of NETs. They also actively produce cytokines and other mediators to promote or suppress inflammation, repair tissues, and modulate the immune response...
January 2012: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
Hanako Bai, Toshihiro Sakurai, Toshihiro Konno, Atsushi Ideta, Yoshito Aoyagi, James D Godkin, Kazuhiko Imakawa
The transcription factor GATA1 is known to play an essential role in hematopoiesis, but its other roles have not been well characterized. The purpose of this study was to determine relationships between GATA1 and GATA2 and/or GATA3, and to identify their possible functions in ovine development. GATA1 mRNA was found in ovine conceptuses and endometrial epithelial regions of Day 15 (Day 0=day of estrus) cyclic and Days 15, 17, and 21 pregnant ovine uteri. GATA1 mRNA was strongly expressed in conceptuses on Day 21, when trophoblast attachment to the maternal endometrium progressed...
January 2012: Molecular Reproduction and Development
Bryan Mitton, Er-Chieh Cho, Grace I Aldana-Masangkay, Kathleen M Sakamoto
Central to discovering novel approaches to treating leukemias and lymphomas is a clear understanding of the signaling networks which lead to unchecked cell cycle progression, proliferation, and survival. Cyclic-adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) responsive element-binding protein (CREB) represents a critical integrator of numerous signals from cytoplasmic kinase cascades, and is directly involved in controlling the transcription of genes critical for normal cellular proliferation and survival. Several lines of evidence implicate CREB as a proto-oncogene, as a number of translocations involving CREB and dysregulation of expression are both associated with oncogenesis...
November 2011: Leukemia & Lymphoma
Daniela Saggioro
The NF-κB pathway is intimately linked to the survival of mammalian cells, and its activation by Tax has consequently been considered important for human T-cell leukemia/lymphoma virus type 1 (HTLV-1)-infected cell resistance to death. Very little emphasis has been given to other mechanisms, although Tax regulates the expression and activity of several cellular genes. The finding that CREB protein is activated in HTLV-1 infected cells underlines the possibility that other mechanisms of survival may be implicated in HTLV-1 infection...
July 2011: Viruses
M Lv, X Zhang, H Jia, D Li, B Zhang, H Zhang, M Hong, T Jiang, Q Jiang, J Lu, X Huang, B Huang
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a family of 19-24 nucleotide non-coding RNAs with posttranscriptional regulatory functions. The involvement of miRNAs in normal hematopoiesis implies that deregulated miRNAs might contribute to leukemogenesis. To date, although certain miRNAs have been established a clear oncogenic role in hematological malignancies, other individual miRNAs potentially involved in human leukemogenesis still remain elusive. In this report, we showed that miR-142-3p was upregulated in human T-leukemic cell lines and primary T-leukemic cells isolated from T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) patients and its expressive levels were correlated with patients' prognosis...
April 2012: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
Elke Schneider, Anne-France Bertron, Michel Dy
Histamine is one of the most versatile biogenic amines targeting a variety of cells through extra- and intracellular binding sites and specific receptors, which trigger different signal transduction pathways. It has been associated with cell growth ever since G. Kahlson demonstrated that its synthesis was increased in rapidly growing tissues of plants and animals. He proposed that the newly formed amine, as opposed to its stored counterpart, might play a major role in growth processes. Later on, a number of investigators provided evidence for the contribution of histamine to the expansion of normal and malignant cells, whether of hematopoietic origin or not...
2011: Frontiers in Bioscience (Scholar Edition)
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