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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092969/problem-internet-use-and-internet-gaming-disorder-a-survey-of-health-literacy-among-psychiatrists-from-australia-and-new-zealand
#1
Pravin Dullur, Phillipa Hay
OBJECTIVES: Research is limited on psychiatrists' opinions on the concepts of Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) and Problematic Internet Use (PIU). We aimed to assess health literacy among psychiatrists on IGD/PIU. METHODS: A self-report survey was administered online to members of the Royal Australia and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists (RANZCP) ( n=289). RESULTS: The majority (93.7%) were familiar with the concepts of IGD/PIU. The majority (78...
January 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092198/attentional-bias-in-excessive-internet-gamers-experimental-investigations-using-an-addiction-stroop-and-a-visual-probe
#2
Franziska Jeromin, Nele Nyenhuis, Antonia Barke
Background and aims Internet Gaming Disorder is included in the Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5(th) edition) as a disorder that merits further research. The diagnostic criteria are based on those for Substance Use Disorder and Gambling Disorder. Excessive gamblers and persons with Substance Use Disorder show attentional biases towards stimuli related to their addictions. We investigated whether excessive Internet gamers show a similar attentional bias, by using two established experimental paradigms...
March 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092191/psychometric-properties-of-the-internet-addiction-test-in-turkish
#3
Fatih Kaya, Erhan Delen, Kimberly S Young
Background and aims In this study, the Internet Addiction Test (IAT) was adapted to Turkish language, which was originally developed by Young (1998) in English to measure the presence and severity of the Internet dependency. The main purpose was to ensure that the psychometric features and the factor structure of the test were suitable for Turkish university students. Method The study was conducted in two sequent phases. Participants were 990 undergraduate students from several public universities in Turkey...
March 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070817/medicines-containing-codeine-perspectives-of-medical-professionals-in-the-republic-of-ireland
#4
M Foley, T Carney, R Harris, E Fitzpatrick, A Rapca-Veillet, M C Van Hout
AIMS: The aim of the study was to examine prescribing professional's perceptions on prescribed and OTC medicines, containing codeine in the Republic of Ireland. A secondary aim was to examine perceptions on codeine dependence, screening and treatment. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of a nationally representative group of prescribing professionals was conducted using a questionnaire containing a number of open and closed ended items. Data were analysed using SPSS version 21 and content analysis techniques...
January 9, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066026/response-to-letter-to-editor-internet-addiction-disorder-hype-a-myth
#5
P K Dalal, Debasish Basu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066025/internet-addiction-disorder-hype-a-myth
#6
Rajshekhar Bipeta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063756/-synthetic-cannabinoids-a-new-addiction-matrix
#7
Amandine Scocard, Amine Benyamina, Sarah Coscas, Laurent Karila
Synthetic cannabinoids (SC) belong to the emergent market of new psychoactive substances, sold on the Internet or specialized shops. Since the 1970s, more than 160 new SC have invaded the drug market. These substances imitate the psychoactive effects of cannabis. Underestimated for too long, SC's market growth and consequences are no longer to be ignored, first of all in terms of public health. SC were first synthesized during researches on the endocannabinoid system. Though they are agonists of the cannabinoid receptors 1 and 2, as Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol in cannabis, they can also have a really high affinity with these receptors, rising up their potency...
January 4, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056903/development-of-the-health-literacy-on-social-determinants-of-health-questionnaire-in-japanese-adults
#8
Masayoshi Matsumoto, Kazuhiro Nakayama
BACKGROUND: Health inequities are increasing worldwide, with mounting evidence showing that the greatest cause of which are social determinants of health. To reduce inequities, a lot of citizens need to be able to access, understand, appraise, and apply information on the social determinants; that is, they need to improve health literacy on social determinants of health. However, only a limited number of scales focus on these considerations; hence, we developed the Health Literacy on Social Determinants of Health Questionnaire (HL-SDHQ) and examined its psychometric properties...
January 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028687/internet-gamblers-differ-on-social-variables-a-latent-class-analysis
#9
Yasser Khazaal, Anne Chatton, Sophia Achab, Gregoire Monney, Gabriel Thorens, Magali Dufour, Daniele Zullino, Stephane Rothen
Online gambling has gained popularity in the last decade, leading to an important shift in how consumers engage in gambling and in the factors related to problem gambling and prevention. Indebtedness and loneliness have previously been associated with problem gambling. The current study aimed to characterize online gamblers in relation to indebtedness, loneliness, and several in-game social behaviors. The data set was obtained from 584 Internet gamblers recruited online through gambling websites and forums...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027952/internet-addiction-in-adolescence-neurobiological-psychosocial-and-clinical-issues
#10
REVIEW
L Cerniglia, F Zoratto, S Cimino, G Laviola, M Ammaniti, W Adriani
Despite it has not been formally included in DSM-5 as a disorder, 'Internet addiction (IA)' has become a worldwide issue. It can be broadly defined as a non-chemical, behavioral addiction, which involves human-machine interaction. We pinpoint it as an "instrumental" form of social interaction (i.e. mediated by machines), a notion that appears useful for the sake of possible preclinical modeling. The features of Internet use reveals as addictive when this comes at the expense of genuine real-life sociability, with an overlap towards the hikikomori phenomenon (i...
December 24, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018255/an-affective-neuroscience-framework-for-the-molecular-study-of-internet-addiction
#11
Christian Montag, Cornelia Sindermann, Benjamin Becker, Jaak Panksepp
Internet addiction represents an emerging global health issue. Increasing efforts have been made to characterize risk factors for the development of Internet addiction and consequences of excessive Internet use. During the last years, classic research approaches from psychology considering personality variables as vulnerability factor, especially in conjunction with neuroscience approaches such as brain imaging, have led to coherent theoretical conceptualizations of Internet addiction. Although such conceptualizations can be valuable aid, the research field is currently lacking a comprehensive framework for determining brain-based and neurochemical markers of Internet addiction...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013082/the-need-for-a-behavioural-analysis-of-behavioural-addictions
#12
REVIEW
Richard J E James, Richard J Tunney
This review discusses research on behavioural addictions (i.e. associative learning, conditioning), with reference to contemporary models of substance addiction and ongoing controversies in the behavioural addictions literature. The role of behaviour has been well explored in substance addictions and gambling but this focus is often absent in other candidate behavioural addictions. In contrast, the standard approach to behavioural addictions has been to look at individual differences, psychopathologies and biases, often translating from pathological gambling indicators...
December 2, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005417/the-association-between-internet-addiction-and-personality-disorders-in-a-general-population-based-sample
#13
Sina Zadra, Gallus Bischof, Bettina Besser, Anja Bischof, Christian Meyer, Ulrich John, Hans-Jürgen Rumpf
: Background and aims Data on Internet addiction (IA) and its association with personality disorder are rare. Previous studies are largely restricted to clinical samples and insufficient measurement of IA. Methods Cross-sectional analysis data are based on a German sub-sample (n = 168; 86 males; 71 meeting criteria for IA) with increased levels of excessive Internet use derived from a general population sample (n = 15,023). IA was assessed with a comprehensive standardized interview using the structure of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview and the criteria of Internet Gaming Disorder as suggested in DSM-5...
December 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998173/prevention-of-internet-addiction-a-systematic-review
#14
Petra Vondráčková, Roman Gabrhelík
Background and aims Out of a large number of studies on Internet addiction, only a few have been published on the prevention of Internet addiction. The aim of this study is provide a systematic review of scientific articles regarding the prevention of Internet addiction and to identify the relevant topics published in this area of interest. Methods The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were adopted. The EBSCO, ProQuest Central, and PubMed databases were searched for texts published in English and Spanish between January 1995 and April 2016...
December 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988425/internet-addiction-disorder-personality-characteristics-and-risk-of-pathological-overuse-in-adolescents
#15
Donato Munno, Flora Cappellin, Marta Saroldi, Elisa Bechon, Fanny Guglielmucci, Roberto Passera, Giuseppina Zullo
AIM: Few studies have investigated Internet Addiction (IA) in adolescents in relation to personality characteristics. The aim of this study was to determine whether personality differences exist between adolescents with problematic/pathological Internet use and those with normal Internet use. Our hypothesis was that certain psychopathological personality traits may predispose to the development of maladaptive Internet use. METHODS: The Internet Addiction Test (IAT) and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-Adolescent (MMPI-A) were administered to a sample of 224 high school students...
November 10, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977879/longitudinal-study-shows-that-addictive-internet-use-during-adolescence-was-associated-with-heavy-drinking-and-smoking-cigarettes-in-early-adulthood
#16
Bo Hye Lee, Hae Kook Lee
AIM: Existing studies showing an association between substance use disorders and Internet addiction have been limited due their cross-sectional design. This longitudinal study investigated the association between addictive Internet use during adolescence and heavy drinking and cigarette smoking in early adulthood. METHODS: We focused on middle school students from the Korea Youth Panel Study who were 15 in 2003:1804 who did not drink alcohol and 2277 who did not smoke...
December 15, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977620/changes-of-quality-of-life-and-cognitive-function-in-individuals-with-internet-gaming-disorder-a-6-month-follow-up
#17
Jae-A Lim, Jun-Young Lee, Hee Yeon Jung, Bo Kyung Sohn, Sam-Wook Choi, Yeon Jin Kim, Dai-Jin Kim, Jung-Seok Choi
Internet gaming disorder (IGD) contributes to poor quality of life (QOL) and cognitive dysfunction and is increasingly recognized as a social problem in various countries. However, no evidence exists to determine whether QOL and cognitive dysfunction stabilize after appropriate management. The present study addressed improvement in QOL and cognitive functioning associated with changes in addiction symptoms following outpatient management for IGD. A total of 84 young males (IGD group: N = 44, mean age: 19...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975158/compensatory-increase-of-functional-connectivity-density-in-adolescents-with-internet-gaming-disorder
#18
Xin Du, Yongxin Yang, Peihong Gao, Xin Qi, Guijin Du, Yang Zhang, Xiaodong Li, Quan Zhang
Behavioral studies have demonstrated visual attention bias and working memory deficits in individuals with internet gaming disorder (IGD). Neuroimaging studies demonstrated that individuals with IGD presented abnormalities in brain structures and functions including resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) disturbance. However, most previous studies investigated IGD-related rsFC alterations by using hypothesis-driven methods with priori selection of a region of interest, which cannot provide a full picture of the rsFC changes in IGD individuals...
December 14, 2016: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958761/delay-discounting-risk-taking-and-rejection-sensitivity-among-individuals-with-internet-and-video-gaming-disorders
#19
Aviv Weinstein, Hodaya Ben Abu, Ayelet Timor, Yaniv Mama
Background and aims There is a previous evidence for impulsivity in individuals with Internet and Video Gaming Disorders. The aim of this study was to examine whether Internet and video game addictions are associated with experiential delay discounting, risk-taking, and sensitivity to social rejection using computerized tasks and questionnaires. Methods Twenty participants (mean age 24, SD = 1.55) with high score on the Problematic Online Gaming Questionnaire (POGQ) were compared with 20 participants (mean age 24...
December 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942430/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-problematic-internet-use-and-the-associated-psychological-distress-among-graduate-students-of-bangladesh
#20
Md Azharul Islam, Muhammad Zakir Hossin
A growing body of epidemiological literature suggests that problematic Internet use (PIU) is associated with a range of psychological health problems in adolescents and young adults. This study aimed to explore socio-demographic and behavioural correlates of PIU and examine its association with psychological distress. A total of 573 graduate students from Dhaka University of Bangladesh responded to a self-administered questionnaire that included internet addiction test (IAT), 12-items General Health Questionnaire and a set of socio-demographic and behavioural factors...
2016: Asian journal of gambling issues and public health
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