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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773359/-psychoactive-substances-use-in-r%C3%A3-union-island-and-mayotte-french-departments-in-indian-ocean
#1
Amélie Daveluy, Françoise Haramburu
INTRODUCTION: The government plan for the fight against drugs and addictive behaviors 2013-2017 includes several actions concerning French overseas territories, in particular to strengthen information on drug addiction. The Interministerial mission for combating drugs and addictive behaviors (MILD&CA) has commissioned the Bordeaux addictovigilance center to strengthen exchanges on addictovigilance with Réunion Island and Mayotte and to make an inventory of problematic drug use in these two French departments of Indian Ocean...
February 27, 2018: Thérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771562/internet-addiction-problematic-internet-use-nonproblematic-internet-use-among-chinese-adolescents-individual-parental-peer-and-sociodemographic-correlates
#2
Nan Zhou, Hongjian Cao, Xiaomin Li, Jintao Zhang, Yuanwei Yao, Xiaomin Geng, Xiuyun Lin, Shumeng Hou, Fenge Liu, Xiaoli Chen, Xiaoyi Fang
Internet addiction has been typically conceptualized as either a continuous construct or a dichotomous construct. Limited research has differentiated adolescents with problematic Internet use (PIU) from the Internet addiction group (IA) and/or nonproblematic Internet use group (NPIU) and examined the potential correlates. To fill this gap, based on data obtained from 956 Chinese adolescents (11-19 years, 47% male), this study examined if adolescents with PIU is a distinctive group from the IA and NPIU. This study also examined factors from different ecological levels that may differentiate among the three groups, including individual, parental, peer, and sociodemographic factors...
May 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765349/the-influence-of-parental-control-and-parent-child-relational-qualities-on-adolescent-internet-addiction-a-3-year-longitudinal-study-in-hong-kong
#3
Daniel T L Shek, Xiaoqin Zhu, Cecilia M S Ma
This study investigated how parental behavioral control, parental psychological control, and parent-child relational qualities predicted the initial level and rate of change in adolescent internet addiction (IA) across the junior high school years. The study also investigated the concurrent and longitudinal effects of different parenting factors on adolescent IA. Starting from the 2009/2010 academic year, 3,328 Grade 7 students ( M age = 12.59 ± 0.74 years) from 28 randomly selected secondary schools in Hong Kong responded on a yearly basis to a questionnaire measuring multiple constructs including socio-demographic characteristics, perceived parenting characteristics, and IA...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762767/concerns-and-help-seeking-among-patients-using-opioids-for-management-of-chronic-noncancer-pain
#4
Briony Larance, Gabrielle Campbell, Teleri Moore, Suzanne Nielsen, Raimondo Bruno, Nicholas Lintzeris, Milton Cohen, Wayne Hall, Richard Mattick, Courtney O'Donnell, Louisa Degenhardt
Background: The safety and efficacy of long-term opioid treatment for chronic noncancer pain (CNCP) remains controversial. This study examined whether patients who report problematic opioid use sought help and/or perceived barriers to help-seeking. Methods: Data were collected from 1,086 people prescribed opioids for CNCP via a large prospective cohort called the Pain and Opioids IN Treatment (POINT) study. Patients' characteristics and help-seeking were examined according to scores on the Prescribed Opioids Difficulties Scale (PODS)...
May 11, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762065/reliability-of-the-arabic-smartphone-addiction-scale-and-smartphone-addiction-scale-short-version-in-two-different-moroccan-samples
#5
Anis Sfendla, Meriame Laita, Basma Nejjar, Zouhayr Souirti, Ahami Ahmed Omar Touhami, Meftaha Senhaji
The extensive accessibility to smartphones in the last decade raises the concerns of addictive behavior patterns toward these technologies worldwide and in developing countries, and Arabic ones in particular. In an area of stigmatized behavior such as Internet and smartphone addiction, the hypothesis extends to whether there is a reliable instrument that can assess smartphone addiction. To our knowledge, no scale in Arabic language is available to assess maladaptive behavior associated with smartphone use. This study aims to assess the factorial validity and internal reliability of the Arabic Smartphone Addiction Scale (SAS) and Smartphone Addiction Scale-Short Version (SAS-SV) in a Moroccan surveyed population...
May 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762062/stop-scrolling-start-living-the-growing-reality-of-internet-addiction-disorder
#6
Brenda K Wiederhold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760674/validation-of-a-spanish-questionnaire-on-mobile-phone-abuse
#7
María A Olivencia-Carrión, Isabel Ramírez-Uclés, Pablo Holgado-Tello, Francisca López-Torrecillas
Mobile phone addiction has attracted much attention recently and is showing similarity to other substance use disorders. Because no studies on mobile phone addiction had yet been conducted in Spain, we developed and validated a questionnaire (Cuestionario de Abuso del Teléfono Móvil, ATeMo) to measure mobile phone abuse among young adults in Spanish. The ATeMo questionnaire was designed based on relevant DSM-5 diagnostic criteria and included craving as a diagnostic symptom. Using stratified sampling, the ATeMo questionnaire was administered to 856 students (mean age 21, 62% women)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757969/personality-traits-strategies-for-coping-with-stress-and-the-level-of-internet-addiction-a-study-of-polish-secondary-school-students
#8
Joanna Chwaszcz, Bernadeta Lelonek-Kuleta, Michał Wiechetek, Iwona Niewiadomska, Agnieszka Palacz-Chrisidis
Among the many contributing factors in addictions there are also those describing the individual characteristics and ways of dealing with various life challenges. Despite numerous studies in this area, there is still no unambiguous data on the nature and specificity of this relationship in different age groups. The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between personality dimensions and strategies of coping with stress and the level of Internet addiction. The study was funded by the Ministry of Health under grant no...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755577/the-association-between-parental-depression-and-adolescent-s-internet-addiction-in-south-korea
#9
Dong-Woo Choi, Sung-Youn Chun, Sang Ah Lee, Kyu-Tae Han, Eun-Cheol Park
Background: A number of risk factors for Internet addiction among adolescents have been identified to be associated with their behavior, familial, and parental factors. However, few studies have focused on the relationship between parental mental health and Internet addiction among adolescents. Therefore, we investigated the association between parental mental health and children's Internet addiction by controlling for several risk factors. Methods: This study used panel data collected by the Korea Welfare Panel Study in 2012 and 2015...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734827/behavioral-addictions-as-mental-disorders-to-be-or-not-to-be
#10
Nancy M Petry, Kristyn Zajac, Meredith K Ginley
Should excessive and problematic engagement in nonsubstance use behaviors be mental disorders? The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) repositioned gambling disorder in the substance use disorders section and introduced Internet gaming disorder in the research appendix; the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) is also considering it. This article outlines pros and cons of considering behavioral addictions as mental disorders and also reviews the DSM-5 decision-making processes...
May 7, 2018: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734129/latent-profiles-of-family-background-personality-and-mental-health-factors-and-their-association-with-behavioural-addictions-and-substance-use-disorders-in-young-swiss-men
#11
Simon Marmet, Joseph Studer, Ansgar Rougemont-Bücking, Gerhard Gmel
BACKGROUND: Recent theories suggest that behavioural addictions and substance use disorders may be the result of the same underlying vulnerability. The present study investigates profiles of family background, personality and mental health factors and their associations with seven behavioural addictions (to the internet, gaming, smartphones, internet sex, gambling, exercise and work) and three substance use disorder scales (for alcohol, cannabis and tobacco). METHODS: The sample consisted of 5287 young Swiss men (mean age = 25...
May 4, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727811/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-pornography-purchase-task
#12
Kyler Mulhauser, Emily Miller Short, Jeremiah Weinstock
Excessive pornography use and hypersexuality are frequently evaluated via direct self-report of problem severity and negative consequences associated with these behaviors. These face-valid assessments may be less sensitive to problems of hypersexuality in persons with low insight into their condition or in persons with motivation to minimize the negative impact of their pornography use. Demand for addictive substances has been effectively evaluated through a behavioral economic framework using a hypothetical purchase task, in which respondents are asked to report their degree of engagement with the substance as the financial costs associated with use increase...
April 26, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720954/the-internet-is-not-a-tool-reappraising-the-model-for-internet-addiction-disorder-based-on-the-constraints-and-opportunities-of-the-digital-environment
#13
Alessandro Musetti, Paola Corsano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709874/parent-adolescent-relationship-and-adolescent-internet-addiction-a-moderated-mediation-model
#14
Wei Wang, Dongping Li, Xian Li, Yanhui Wang, Wenqiang Sun, Liyan Zhao, Lilan Qiu
Substantial research has found that positive parent-adolescent relationship is associated with low levels of adolescent Internet addiction (IA). However, little is known about the mediating and moderating mechanisms underlying this relation. The present study examined a moderated mediation model that included the parent-adolescent relationship (predictor variable), emotion regulation ability (mediator), stressful life events (moderator), and IA (outcome variable) simultaneously. A total of 998 (Mage  = 15...
April 24, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708042/the-epidemiology-of-5-methoxy-n-n-dimethyltryptamine-5-meo-dmt-use-benefits-consequences-patterns-of-use-subjective-effects-and-reasons-for-consumption
#15
Alan K Davis, Joseph P Barsuglia, Rafael Lancelotta, Robert M Grant, Elise Renn
BACKGROUND/AIM: 5-Methoxy- N,N-dimethyltryptamine (5-MeO-DMT) is a psychoactive compound found in several plants and in high concentrations in Bufo alvarius toad venom. Synthetic, toad, and plant-sourced 5-MeO-DMT are used for spiritual and recreational purposes and may have psychotherapeutic effects. However, the use of 5-MeO-DMT is not well understood. Therefore, we examined patterns of use, motivations for consumption, subjective effects, and potential benefits and consequences associated with 5-MeO-DMT use...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707572/adolescent-internet-abuse-a-study-on-the-role-of-attachment-to-parents-and-peers-in-a-large-community-sample
#16
Giulia Ballarotto, Barbara Volpi, Eleonora Marzilli, Renata Tambelli
Adolescents are the main users of new technologies and their main purpose of use is social interaction. Although new technologies are useful to teenagers, in addressing their developmental tasks, recent studies have shown that they may be an obstacle in their growth. Research shows that teenagers with Internet addiction experience lower quality in their relationships with parents and more individual difficulties. However, limited research is available on the role played by adolescents' attachment to parents and peers, considering their psychological profiles...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707569/a-longitudinal-study-for-the-empirical-validation-of-an-etiopathogenetic-model-of-internet-addiction-in-adolescence-based-on-early-emotion-regulation
#17
Silvia Cimino, Luca Cerniglia
Several etiopathogenetic models have been conceptualized for the onset of Internet Addiction (IA). However, no study had evaluated the possible predictive effect of early emotion regulation strategies on the development of IA in adolescence. In a sample of N = 142 adolescents with Internet Addiction, this twelve-year longitudinal study aimed at verifying whether and how emotion regulation strategies (self-focused versus other-focused) at two years of age were predictive of school-age children's internalizing/externalizing symptoms, which in turn fostered Internet Addiction (compulsive use of the Web versus distressed use) in adolescence...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706910/development-of-an-online-and-offline-integration-hypothesis-for-healthy-internet-use-theory-and-preliminary-evidence
#18
Xiaoyan Lin, Wenliang Su, Marc N Potenza
The Internet has become an integral part of our daily life, and how to make the best use of the Internet is important to both individuals and the society. Based on previous studies, an Online and Offline Integration Hypothesis is proposed to suggest a framework for considering harmonious and balanced Internet use. The Integration Hypothesis proposes that healthier patterns of Internet usage may be achieved through harmonious integration of people's online and offline worlds. An online/offline integration is proposed to unite self-identity, interpersonal relationships, and social functioning with both cognitive and behavioral aspects by following the principles of communication, transfer, consistency, and "offline-first" priorities...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700626/the-use-of-smartphones-in-different-phases-of-medical-school-and-its-relationship-to-internet-addiction-and-learning-approaches
#19
Mathias Paulo Loredo E Silva, Brenda Dutra de Souza Matos, Oscarina da Silva Ezequiel, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Giancarlo Lucchetti
The use of smartphones is revolutionizing the way information is acquired, leading to profound modifications in teaching medicine. Nevertheless, inadvertent use can negatively affect student learning. The present study aims to evaluate smartphone use in the educational context as well as Internet addiction and its repercussions on surface and deep learning and to compare them during the different phases of medical students' education. This is a cross-sectional study involving medical students in all phases of education...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698054/effects-of-equine-assisted-activities-and-therapies-on-the-affective-network-of-adolescents-with-internet-gaming-disorder
#20
Kyoung Doo Kang, Tae Woon Jung, In Hui Park, Doug Hyun Han
OBJECTIVES: Internet gaming disorder (IGD) has been suggested to be a mental health disorder. Attachment and emotional status in IGD patients are important for understanding the etiology and progression of IGD because both parameters are considered to be associated with the affective network. Equine-assisted activities and therapies (EAAT) have been reported to improve emotional status and attachment in subjects. We hypothesized that EAAT would improve attachment in IGD adolescents with insecure attachment issues and increase functional connectivity (FC) within the affective network...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
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