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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233446/overview-of-a-pharmacist-anticoagulation-certificate-program
#1
Julienne K Kirk, Rebecca Edwards, Andrew Brewer, Cathey Miller, Bryan Bray, James B Groce
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To describe the design of an ongoing anticoagulation certificate program and annual renewal update for pharmacists. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Components of the anticoagulation certificate program include home study, pre- and posttest, live sessions, case discussions with evaluation and presentation, an implementation plan, and survey information (program evaluation and use in practice). Clinical reasoning skills were assessed through case work-up and evaluation prior to live presentation...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233397/assessment-of-student-pharmacists-ethical-decision-making
#2
Jaclyn R Myers, Mary E Kiersma, Kimberly S Plake
INTRODUCTION: In previous research, investigators have expressed concern about the ethical ambivalence of pharmacists in decision-making. The objectives of this study were to examine student pharmacists': 1) attitudes and responses regarding specific common ethical situations and 2) perceived level of difficulty in making ethical decisions. METHODS: A self-administered 38-item survey was given to second and third year student pharmacists at Purdue University. The survey comprised five sections, including: 1) attitudes towards common ethical situations, 2) responses to specific ethical scenarios, 3) emergency lending, 4) perceived level of difficulty in resolving ethical dilemmas, and 5) demographics...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233371/experience-with-the-script-concordance-test-to-develop-clinical-reasoning-skills-in-pharmacy-students
#3
Kylee A Funk, Claire Kolar, Sarah K Schweiss, Jeffrey M Tingen, Kristin K Janke
BACKGROUND: The script concordance test (SCT) is used to assess clinical reasoning and was originally developed for medical learners. The Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) endorses the need for pharmacy students to develop clinical reasoning skills, but there is little documentation of use of the SCT for pharmacy learners. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY: A script concordance test activity was designed for a diabetes and metabolic syndrome pharmacotherapy course...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233327/appraising-the-role-of-the-virtual-patient-for-therapeutics-health-education
#4
REVIEW
Lyndsee Baumann-Birkbeck, Fiona Florentina, Onur Karatas, Jianbe Sun, Tingna Tang, Victor Thaung, Amelia McFarland, Nijole Bernaitis, Sohil A Khan, Gary Grant, Shailendra Anoopkumar-Dukie
BACKGROUND: Face-to-face instruction, paper-based case-studies and clinical placements remain the most commonly used teaching methods for therapeutics curricula. Presenting clinical content in a didactic manner presents challenges in engaging learners and developing their clinical reasoning skills which may be overcome by inclusion of the virtual patient (VP). Currently there is limited literature examining the use of the VP in therapeutics teaching and learning. This review aimed to determine the role of VPs in therapeutics education, specifically the impact on student experiences, performance, and clinical skills...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229690/clinical-reasoning-monocular-vision-loss-ophthalmoplegia-and-strokes-in-a-61-year-old-man-with-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Guillaume Lamotte, Zehra Farzal, William Denney Zimmerman, Suhua Han, Pedro de Brito, Douglas Mayson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226234/implementation-of-a-clinical-reasoning-course-in-the-internal-medicine-trimester-of-the-final-year-of-undergraduate-medical-training-and-its-effect-on-students-case-presentation-and-differential-diagnostic-skills
#6
Sigrid Harendza, Ingo Krenz, Andreas Klinge, Ulrike Wendt, Matthias Janneck
Background: Clinical reasoning, comprising the processes of clinical thinking, which form the basis of medical decisions, constitutes a central competence in the clinical routine on which diagnostic and therapeutic steps are based. In medical curricula in Germany, clinical reasoning is currently taught explicitly only to a small extend. Therefore, the aim of this project was to develop and implement a clinical reasoning course in the final year of undergraduate medical training. Project description: A clinical reasoning course with six learning units and 18 learning objectives was developed, which was taught by two to four instructors on the basis of 32 paper cases from the clinical practice of the instructors...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219864/characteristics-and-processes-of-clinical-reasoning-in-nurses-and-factors-related-to-its-use-a-scoping-review-protocol
#7
Susan Griffits, Sonia Hines, Clint Moloney, Nicholas Ralph
The objectives of the scoping review are to.
December 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215375/pushing-critical-thinking-skills-with-multiple-choice-questions-does-bloom-s-taxonomy-work
#8
Nikki L Bibler Zaidi, Karri L Grob, Seetha M Monrad, Joshua B Kurtz, Andrew Tai, Asra Z Ahmed, Larry D Gruppen, Sally A Santen
Medical school assessments should foster the development of higher-order thinking skills to support clinical reasoning and a solid foundation of knowledge. Multiple-choice questions (MCQs) are commonly used to assess student learning, and well-written MCQs can support learner engagement in higher levels of cognitive reasoning such as application or synthesis of knowledge. Bloom's taxonomy has been used to identify MCQs that assess students' critical thinking skills, with evidence suggesting that higher-order MCQs support a deeper conceptual understanding of scientific process skills...
December 5, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209469/probability-or-reasoning-current-thinking-and-realistic-strategies-for-improved-medical-decisions
#9
REVIEW
Yogarabindranath Swarna Nantha
A prescriptive model approach in decision making could help achieve better diagnostic accuracy in clinical practice through methods that are less reliant on probabilistic assessments. Various prescriptive measures aimed at regulating factors that influence heuristics and clinical reasoning could support clinical decision-making process. Clinicians could avoid time-consuming decision-making methods that require probabilistic calculations. Intuitively, they could rely on heuristics to obtain an accurate diagnosis in a given clinical setting...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202160/benefits-and-challenges-of-supervising-physical-therapy-students-in-the-state-of-kuwait-a-national-study
#10
Sameera H Aljadi, Naser M Alotaibi, Hesham N Alrowayeh, Talal A Alshatti
One common component of allied health education is clinical fieldwork. It is the bridge between the didactic curriculum and clinical practice. Clinical supervisors perceive that being a clinical supervisor has both benefits and challenges. A modified questionnaire was distributed to 75 physical therapists who had previously or were currently engaged in supervising physical therapy students in 12 public hospitals in the State of Kuwait. In addition to demographic data, the questionnaire asked about the benefits and challenges associated with supervising students...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198043/the-diagnosis-of-dementias-a-practical-tool-not-to-miss-rare-causes
#11
Camilla Ferrari, Benedetta Nacmias, Sandro Sorbi
Dementia represents one of the most diffuse disorders of our Era. Alzheimer's disease is the principle cause of dementia worldwide. Metabolic, infectious, autoimmune, inflammatory, and genetic dementias represent a not negligible number of disorders, with increasing numbers in younger subjects. Due to the heterogeneity of patients and disorders, the diagnosis of dementia is challenging. In the present article, we propose a practical diagnostic approach following the two-step investigation procedure. The first step includes basic blood tests and brain neuroimaging, performed on all patients...
December 2, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195922/association-between-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-health-care-costs-the-veterans-exercise-testing-study
#12
Jonathan Myers, Rachelle Doom, Robert King, Holly Fonda, Khin Chan, Peter Kokkinos, David H Rehkopf
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and annual health care costs in Veterans. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The sample included 9942 subjects (mean age, 59±11 years) undergoing a maximal exercise test for clinical reasons between January 2005 and December 2012. Cardiorespiratory fitness, expressed as a percentage of age-predicted peak metabolic equivalents (METs) achieved, was categorized in quartiles. Total and annualized health care costs, derived from the Veterans Administration Allocated Resource Center, were compared using multiple regression, controlling for demographic and clinical characteristics...
November 28, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195707/icbls-an-interactive-case-based-learning-system-for-medical-education
#13
Maqbool Ali, Soyeon Caren Han, Hafiz Syed Muhammad Bilal, Sungyoung Lee, Matthew Jee Yun Kang, Byeong Ho Kang, Muhammad Asif Razzaq, Muhammad Bilal Amin
Medical students should be able to actively apply clinical reasoning skills to further their interpretative, diagnostic, and treatment skills in a non-obtrusive and scalable way. Case-Based Learning (CBL) approach has been receiving attention in medical education as it is a student-centered teaching methodology that exposes students to real-world scenarios that need to be solved using their reasoning skills and existing theoretical knowledge. In this paper, we propose an interactive CBL System, called iCBLS, which supports the development of collaborative clinical reasoning skills for medical students in an online environment...
January 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194313/a-crisis-in-competency-the-strategic-and-ethical-imperative-to-assessing-new-graduate-nurses-clinical-reasoning
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194297/a-crisis-in-competency-the-strategic-and-ethical-imperative-to-assessing-new-graduate-nurses-clinical-reasoning
#15
Joan M Kavanagh, Christine Szweda
AIM: The aim of the study was to assess entry-level competency and practice readiness of newly graduated nurses. BACKGROUND: Literature on success of new graduates focuses primarily on National Council of State Boards of Nursing Licensure Examination (NCLEX-RN) pass rates, creating a false and incomplete picture of practice readiness. METHOD: Posthire and prestart Performance-Based Development System assessments were administered to more than 5,000 newly graduated nurses at a large midwestern academic medical center between July 2010 and July 2015...
March 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194106/increasing-authenticity-of-simulation-based-assessment-in-diagnostic-radiology
#16
Anouk van der Gijp, Cécile J Ravesloot, Corinne A Tipker, Kim de Crom, Dik R Rutgers, Marieke F van der Schaaf, Irene C van der Schaaf, Christian P Mol, Koen L Vincken, Olle Th J Ten Cate, Mario Maas, Jan P J van Schaik
INTRODUCTION: Clinical reasoning in diagnostic imaging professions is a complex skill that requires processing of visual information and image manipulation skills. We developed a digital simulation-based test method to increase authenticity of image interpretation skill assessment. METHODS: A digital application, allowing volumetric image viewing and manipulation, was used for three test administrations of the national Dutch Radiology Progress Test for residents...
November 29, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191189/fostering-clinical-reasoning-in-physiotherapy-comparing-the-effects-of-concept-map-study-and-concept-map-completion-after-example-study-in-novice-and-advanced-learners
#17
Katherine Montpetit-Tourangeau, Joseph-Omer Dyer, Anne Hudon, Monica Windsor, Bernard Charlin, Sílvia Mamede, Tamara van Gog
BACKGROUND: Health profession learners can foster clinical reasoning by studying worked examples presenting fully worked out solutions to a clinical problem. It is possible to improve the learning effect of these worked examples by combining them with other learning activities based on concept maps. This study investigated which combinaison of activities, worked examples study with concept map completion or worked examples study with concept map study, fosters more meaningful learning of intervention knowledge in physiotherapy students...
December 1, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190157/factors-influencing-secondary-care-pharmacist-and-nurse-independent-prescribers-clinical-reasoning-an-interprofessional-analysis
#18
Aseel S Abuzour, Penny J Lewis, Mary P Tully
In the United Kingdom, pharmacist and nurse independent prescribers are responsible for both the clinical assessment of and prescribing for patients. Prescribing is a complex skill that entails the application of knowledge, skills, and clinical reasoning to arrive at a clinically appropriate decision. Decision-making is influenced and informed by many factors. This study, the first of its kind, explores what factors influence pharmacist and nurse independent prescribers during the process of clinical reasoning...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185175/pivot-and-cluster-an-exercise-in-clinical-reasoning
#19
Jori E May, Reaford J Blackburn, Robert M Centor, Gurpreet Dhaliwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181262/exercise-manual-therapy-and-postural-re-education-for-uncontrolled-ear-twitching-and-related-impairments-after-whiplash-injury-a-case-report
#20
Kelsey Flanders, Heather Feldner
Background and Purpose: Whiplash Associated Disorders and the interventions used to remediate them are well documented in physical therapy literature. However, specific interventions for spasms of the neck musculature that also involve constant ear twitching have yet to be addressed. The purpose of this case report is twofold. First, to describe comprehensive physical therapy management and outcomes for a subject with uncontrolled ear twitching and related musculoskeletal impairments, and second, to discuss the physical therapist's approach to evidence-based care when faced with a paucity of literature addressing physical therapy interventions for subjects with uncontrolled ear twitching...
October 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
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