keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"Motor resonance"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852769/tracking-the-time-course-of-top-down-contextual-effects-on-motor-responses-during-action-comprehension
#1
Lucia Amoruso, Alessandra Finisguerra, Cosimo Urgesi
: Context plays a key role in coding high-level components of others' behavior, including the goal and the intention of an observed action. However, little is known about its possible role in shaping lower levels of action processing, such as simulating action kinematics and muscular activity. Furthermore, there is no evidence regarding the time course and the neural mechanisms subserving this modulation. To address these issues, we combined single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation and motor-evoked potentials while healthy humans watched videos of everyday actions embedded in congruent, incongruent, or ambiguous contexts...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847491/social-threat-and-motor-resonance-when-a-menacing-outgroup-delays-motor-response
#2
Roberta Capellini, Simona Sacchi, Paola Ricciardelli, Rossana Actis-Grosso
Motor resonance (MR) involves the activation of matching motor representations while observing others' actions. Recent research has shown that such a phenomenon is likely to be influenced by higher order variables such as social factors (e.g., ethnic group membership). The present study investigates whether and how the perception of a social threat elicited by an outgroup member and by contextual cues can modulate motor responses while an individual observes others' movements. In an experimental study based on an action observation paradigm, we asked participants to provide answers through computer mouse movements (MouseTracker)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769797/learning-by-observing-the-effect-of-multiple-sessions-of-action-observation-training-on-the-spontaneous-movement-tempo-and-motor-resonance
#3
Giovanna Lagravinese, Ambra Bisio, Piero Ruggeri, Marco Bove, Laura Avanzino
The present study was designed to explore the changes in motor performance and motor resonance after multiple sessions of action observation (AO) training. Subjects were exposed to the observation of a video showing finger tapping movements executed at 3Hz, a frequency higher than the spontaneous one (2Hz) for four consecutive days. Motor performance and motor resonance were tested before the AO training on the first day, and on the last day. Results showed that multiple sessions of AO training induced a shift of the speed of execution of finger tapping movements toward the observed one and a change in motor resonance...
October 18, 2016: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697663/grasp-specific-motor-resonance-is-influenced-by%C3%A2-the-visibility-of-the-observed-actor
#4
Karen L Bunday, Roger N Lemon, James M Kilner, Marco Davare, Guy A Orban
Motor resonance is the modulation of M1 corticospinal excitability induced by observation of others' actions. Recent brain imaging studies have revealed that viewing videos of grasping actions led to a differential activation of the ventral premotor cortex depending on whether the entire person is viewed versus only their disembodied hand. Here we used transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to examine motor evoked potentials (MEPs) in the first dorsal interosseous (FDI) and abductor digiti minimi (ADM) during observation of videos or static images in which a whole person or merely the hand was seen reaching and grasping a peanut (precision grip) or an apple (whole hand grasp)...
September 11, 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489547/mirror-neurons-system-engagement-in-late-adolescents-and-adults-while-viewing-emotional-gestures
#5
Emilie Salvia, Moritz Süß, Ruxandra Tivadar, Sarah Harkness, Marie-Hélène Grosbras
Observing others' actions enhances muscle-specific cortico-spinal excitability, reflecting putative mirror neurons activity. The exposure to emotional stimuli also modulates cortico-spinal excitability. We investigated how those two phenomena might interact when they are combined, i.e., while observing a gesture performed with an emotion, and whether they change during the transition between adolescence and adulthood, a period of social and brain maturation. We delivered single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) over the hand area of the left primary motor cortex of 27 healthy adults and adolescents and recorded their right first dorsal interossus (FDI) muscle activity (i...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27243157/changing-ideas-about-others-intentions-updating-prior-expectations-tunes-activity-in-the-human-motor-system
#6
Pierre O Jacquet, Alice C Roy, Valérian Chambon, Anna M Borghi, Roméo Salemme, Alessandro Farnè, Karen T Reilly
Predicting intentions from observing another agent's behaviours is often thought to depend on motor resonance - i.e., the motor system's response to a perceived movement by the activation of its stored motor counterpart, but observers might also rely on prior expectations, especially when actions take place in perceptually uncertain situations. Here we assessed motor resonance during an action prediction task using transcranial magnetic stimulation to probe corticospinal excitability (CSE) and report that experimentally-induced updates in observers' prior expectations modulate CSE when predictions are made under situations of perceptual uncertainty...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27182100/rapid-learning-of-associations-between-sound-and-action-through-observed-movement-a-tms-study
#7
Jacques Launay, Roger T Dean, Freya Bailes
Research has established that there is a cognitive link between perception and production of the same movement. However, there has been relatively little research into the relevance of this for non-expert perceivers, such as music listeners who do not play instruments themselves. In two experiments we tested whether participants can quickly learn new associations between sounds and observed movement without performing those movements themselves. We measured motor evoked potentials (MEPs) in the first dorsal interosseous muscle of participants' right hands while test tones were heard and single transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) pulses were used to trigger motor activity...
March 2016: Psychomusicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27118879/mirroring-multiple-agents-motor-resonance-during-action-observation-is-modulated-by-the-number-of-agents
#8
Emiel Cracco, Lize De Coster, Michael Andres, Marcel Brass
Although social situations regularly involve multiple persons acting together, research on the mirror neuron system has focused on situations in which a single agent is observed. Therefore, the goal of the current study was to explore the role of the mirror mechanism in situations involving multiple agents. Specifically, we used transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to investigate whether mirror activation is modulated by the number of observed agents. Based on group contagion research, we hypothesized that multiple agents would provide a stronger trigger to the motor system and would therefore produce a stronger mirror response than a single agent...
September 2016: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27039139/contextual-modulation-of-motor-resonance-during-the-observation-of-everyday-actions
#9
Lucia Amoruso, Cosimo Urgesi
Neuroimaging studies on action observation suggest that context plays a key role in coding high-level components of motor behavior, including the short-term and the end-goal of an action. However, little is known about the possible role of context in shaping lower-levels of action processing such as reading action kinematics and simulating muscular activity. Here, we combined single-pulse TMS and motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) recording to explore whether top-down contextual information is capable of modulating low-level motor representations...
July 1, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26807841/the-semantics-of-syntax-the-grounding-of-transitive-and-intransitive-constructions
#10
Wessel O van Dam, Rutvik H Desai
Embodied theories of language maintain that brain areas associated with perception and action are also involved in the processing and representation of word meaning. A number of studies have shown that sentences with action verbs elicit activation within sensory-motor brain regions, arguing that sentence-induced mental simulations provide a means for grounding their lexical-semantic meaning. Constructionist theories argue, however, that form-meaning correspondence is present not only at the lexical level but also at the level of constructions...
May 2016: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26687335/three-year-olds-rapid-facial-electromyographic-responses-to-emotional-facial-expressions-and-body-postures
#11
Elena Geangu, Ermanno Quadrelli, Stefania Conte, Emanuela Croci, Chiara Turati
Rapid facial reactions (RFRs) to observed emotional expressions are proposed to be involved in a wide array of socioemotional skills, from empathy to social communication. Two of the most persuasive theoretical accounts propose RFRs to rely either on motor resonance mechanisms or on more complex mechanisms involving affective processes. Previous studies demonstrated that presentation of facial and bodily expressions can generate rapid changes in adult and school-age children's muscle activity. However, to date there is little to no evidence to suggest the existence of emotional RFRs from infancy to preschool age...
April 2016: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26674875/causal-role-of-motor-simulation-in-turn-taking-behavior
#12
Lauren V Hadley, Giacomo Novembre, Peter E Keller, Martin J Pickering
UNLABELLED: Overlap between sensory and motor representations has been documented for a range of human actions, from grasping (Rizzolatti et al., 1996b) to playing a musical instrument (Novembre and Keller, 2014). Such overlap suggests that individuals use motor simulation to predict the outcome of observed actions (Wolpert, 1997). Here we investigate motor simulation as a basis of human communication. Using a musical turn-taking task, we show that pianists call on motor representations of their partner's part to predict when to come in for their own turn...
December 16, 2015: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26372307/i-can-i-do-and-so-i-like-from-power-to-action-and-aesthetic-preferences
#13
Karl-Andrew Woltin, Ana Guinote
The current work tested the hypothesis that power increases reliance on experiences of motor fluency in forming aesthetic preferences. In 4 experiments, participants reported their aesthetic preferences regarding a variety of targets (pictures, movements, objects, and letters). Experiments 1, 2, and 3 manipulated power and motor fluency (via motoric resonance, extraocular muscle training, and dominant hand restriction). Experiment 4 manipulated power and assessed chronic interindividual differences in motor fluency...
December 2015: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26289463/generalization-of-motor-resonance-during-the-observation-of-hand-mouth-and-eye-movements
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Alessandra Finisguerra, Laura Maffongelli, Michela Bassolino, Marco Jacono, Thierry Pozzo, Alessandro D'Ausilio
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of the motor cortex shows that hand action observation (AO) modulates corticospinal excitability (CSE). CSE modulation alternatively maps low-level kinematic characteristics or higher-level features, like object-directed action goals. However, action execution is achieved through the control of muscle synergies, consisting of coordinated patterns of muscular activity during natural movements, rather than single muscles or object-directed goals. This synergistic organization of action execution also underlies the ability to produce the same functional output (i...
October 2015: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26236215/exploring-associations-between-gaze-patterns-and-putative-human-mirror-neuron-system-activity
#15
Peter H Donaldson, Caroline Gurvich, Joanne Fielding, Peter G Enticott
The human mirror neuron system (MNS) is hypothesized to be crucial to social cognition. Given that key MNS-input regions such as the superior temporal sulcus are involved in biological motion processing, and mirror neuron activity in monkeys has been shown to vary with visual attention, aberrant MNS function may be partly attributable to atypical visual input. To examine the relationship between gaze pattern and interpersonal motor resonance (IMR; an index of putative MNS activity), healthy right-handed participants aged 18-40 (n = 26) viewed videos of transitive grasping actions or static hands, whilst the left primary motor cortex received transcranial magnetic stimulation...
2015: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26194133/is-the-human-mirror-neuron-system-plastic-evidence-from-a-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-study
#16
Urvakhsh Meherwan Mehta, Avinash V Waghmare, Jagadisha Thirthalli, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian, Bangalore N Gangadhar
Virtual lesions in the mirror neuron network using inhibitory low-frequency (1Hz) transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) have been employed to understand its spatio-functional properties. However, no studies have examined the influence of neuro-enhancement by using excitatory high-frequency (20Hz) repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (HF-rTMS) on these networks. We used three forms of TMS stimulation (HF-rTMS, single and paired pulse) to investigate whether the mirror neuron system facilitates the motor system during goal-directed action observation relative to inanimate motion (motor resonance), a marker of putative mirror neuron activity...
October 2015: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26187341/anomalous-echo-exploring-abnormal-experience-correlates-of-emotional-motor-resonance-in-schizophrenia-spectrum
#17
Mariateresa Sestito, Andrea Raballo, Maria Alessandra Umiltà, Mario Amore, Carlo Maggini, Vittorio Gallese
Anomalous experiences such as Basic Symptoms (BS) are considered the first subjective manifestation of the neurobiological substrate of schizophrenia. The purpose of this study was to explore whether a low or high emotional motor resonance occurring in Schizophrenia Spectrum (SzSp) patients was related to patients׳ clinical features and to their anomalous subjective experiences as indexed by the Bonn Scale for the Assessment of Basic Symptoms (BSABS). To this aim, we employed a validated paradigm sensitive in evoking a congruent facial mimicry (measured by means of facial electromyographic activity, EMG) through multimodal positive and negative emotional stimuli presentation...
September 30, 2015: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26169105/what-you-see-is-what-you-get-motor-resonance-in-peripheral-vision
#18
Antonella Leonetti, Guglielmo Puglisi, Roma Siugzdaite, Clarissa Ferrari, Gabriella Cerri, Paola Borroni
Observation of others' actions evokes a subliminal motor resonant response, which reflects the motor program encoding observed actions. The possibility that actions located in the peripheral field of vision may also activate motor resonant responses has not been investigated. We examine the excitability modulation of motor pathways in response to grasping actions viewed in near peripheral vision; results are directly compared to responses to the same actions viewed in central vision (Borroni et al. in Eur J Neurosci 34:662-669, 2011...
October 2015: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26154818/no-evidence-for-mirror-system-dysfunction-in-schizophrenia-from-a-multimodal-tms-eeg-study
#19
Sophie C Andrews, Peter G Enticott, Kate E Hoy, Richard H Thomson, Paul B Fitzgerald
Dysfunctional mirror neuron systems have been proposed to contribute to the social cognitive deficits observed in schizophrenia. A few studies have explored mirror systems in schizophrenia using various techniques such as TMS (levels of motor resonance) or EEG (levels of mu suppression), with mixed results. This study aimed to use a novel multimodal approach (i.e. concurrent TMS and EEG) to further investigate mirror systems and social cognition in schizophrenia. Nineteen individuals with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder and 19 healthy controls participated...
August 30, 2015: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26102231/congruent-and-incongruent-corticospinal-activations-at-the-level-of-multiple-effectors
#20
Luisa Sartori, Sonia Betti, Chiara Perrone, Umberto Castiello
Motor resonance is defined as the subliminal activation of the motor system while observing actions performed by others. However, resonating with another person's actions is not always an appropriate response: In real life, people do not just imitate but rather respond in a suitable fashion. A growing body of neurophysiologic studies has demonstrated that motor resonance can be overridden by complementary motor responses (such as preparing a precision grip on a small object when seeing an open hand in sign of request)...
October 2015: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
keyword
keyword
42168
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"