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"Motor resonance"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770338/echoes-on-the-motor-network-how-internal-motor-control-structures-afford-sensory-experience
#1
REVIEW
Jed D Burgess, Jarrad A G Lum, Jakob Hohwy, Peter G Enticott
Often, during daily experiences, hearing peers' actions can activate motor regions of the CNS. This activation is termed auditory-motor resonance (AMR) and is thought to represent an internal simulation of one's motor memories. Currently, AMR is demonstrated at the neuronal level in the Macaque and songbird, in conjunction with evidence on a systems level in humans. Here, we review evidence of AMR development from a motor control perspective. In the context of internal modelling, we consider data that demonstrates sensory-guided motor learning and action maintenance, particularly the notion of sensory comparison seen during songbird vocalisation...
August 2, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720525/motor-resonance-during-action-observation-is-gaze-contingent-a-tms-study
#2
Giorgia D'Innocenzo, Claudia C Gonzalez, Alexander V Nowicky, A Mark Williams, Daniel T Bishop
When we observe others performing an action, visual input to our mirror neuron system is reflected in the facilitation of primary motor cortex (M1), a phenomenon known as 'motor resonance'. However, it is unclear whether this motor resonance is contingent upon our point-of-gaze. In order to address this issue, we collected gaze data from participants as they viewed an intransitive action - thumb abduction/adduction - under four conditions: with natural gaze behaviour (free viewing) and with their gaze fixated on each of three predetermined loci at various distances from the prime mover...
July 15, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638991/integrating-tinbergen-s-inquiries-mimicry-and-play-in-humans-and-other-social-mammals
#3
Elisabetta Palagi, Chiara Scopa
Visual signals convey emotions and intentions between individuals. Darwin underlined that human facial expressions represent a shared heritage between our species and many other social mammals. Social play is a fertile field to examine the role and the potential communicative function of facial expressions. The relaxed open-mouth (or play face) is a context-specific playful expression, which is widespread in human and non-human mammals. Here, we focus on playful communication by applying Tinbergen's four areas of inquiry: proximate causation, ontogeny, function, and evolution...
June 21, 2017: Learning & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510605/the-role-of-attention-in-human-motor-resonance
#4
Guglielmo Puglisi, Antonella Leonetti, Ayelet Landau, Luca Fornia, Gabriella Cerri, Paola Borroni
Observation of others' actions evokes in primary motor cortex and spinal circuits of observers a subliminal motor resonance response, which reflects the motor program encoding observed actions. We investigated the role of attention in human motor resonance with four experimental conditions, explored in different subject groups: in the first explicit condition, subjects were asked to observe a rhythmic hand flexion-extension movement performed live in front of them. In two other conditions subjects had to monitor the activity of a LED light mounted on the oscillating hand...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474093/the-modulation-of-the-motor-resonance-triggered-by-reach-to-grasp-movements-no-role-of-human-physical-similarity-as-conveyed-by-age
#5
Barbara F M Marino, Paola Ricciardelli
The activation of the mirror-neuron circuit during the observation of motor acts is thought to be the basis of human capacity to read the intentions behind the behavior of others. Growing empirical evidence shows a different activation of the mirror-neuron resonance mechanism depending on how much the observer and the observed agent share their motor repertoires. Here, the possible modulatory effect of physical similarity between the observer and the agent was investigated in three studies. We used a visuo-motor priming task in which participants were asked to categorize manipulable and non-manipulable objects into natural or man-made kinds after having watched precision and power reach-to-grasp movements...
May 4, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386240/embodiment-and-emotional-memory-in-first-vs-second-language
#6
Jenny C Baumeister, Francesco Foroni, Markus Conrad, Raffaella I Rumiati, Piotr Winkielman
Language and emotions are closely linked. However, previous research suggests that this link is stronger in a native language (L1) than in a second language (L2) that had been learned later in life. The present study investigates whether such reduced emotionality in L2 is reflected in changes in emotional memory and embodied responses to L2 in comparison to L1. Late Spanish/English bilinguals performed a memory task involving an encoding and a surprise retrieval phase. Facial motor resonance and skin conductance (SC) responses were recorded during encoding...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153687/error-related-negativity-in-the-skilled-brain-of-pianists-reveals-motor-simulation
#7
Alice Mado Proverbio, Matteo Cozzi, Andrea Orlandi, Manuel Carminati
Evidences have been provided of a crucial role of multimodal audio-visuomotor processing in subserving the musical ability. In this paper we investigated whether musical audiovisual stimulation might trigger the activation of motor information in the brain of professional pianists, due to the presence of permanent gestures/sound associations. At this aim EEG was recorded in 24 pianists and naive participants engaged in the detection of rare targets while watching hundreds of video clips showing a pair of hands in the act of playing, along with a compatible or incompatible piano soundtrack...
March 27, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004194/did-i-see-your-hand-moving-the-effect-of-movement-related-information-on-the-corsi-block-tapping-task
#8
Riccardo Brunetti, Claudia Del Gatto, Clarissa Cavallina, Benedetto Farina, Franco Delogu
The Corsi Block Tapping Task is a widespread test used to assess spatial working memory. Previous research hypothesized that the discrepancy found in some cases between the traditional and the digital (touchscreen) version of the Corsi block tapping task may be due to a direct motor resonance between the experimenter's and the participant's hand movements. However, we hypothesize that this discrepancy might be due to extra movement-related information included in the traditional version, lacking in the digital one...
December 21, 2016: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852769/tracking-the-time-course-of-top-down-contextual-effects-on-motor-responses-during-action-comprehension
#9
Lucia Amoruso, Alessandra Finisguerra, Cosimo Urgesi
Context plays a key role in coding high-level components of others' behavior, including the goal and the intention of an observed action. However, little is known about its possible role in shaping lower levels of action processing, such as simulating action kinematics and muscular activity. Furthermore, there is no evidence regarding the time course and the neural mechanisms subserving this modulation. To address these issues, we combined single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation and motor-evoked potentials while healthy humans watched videos of everyday actions embedded in congruent, incongruent, or ambiguous contexts...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847491/social-threat-and-motor-resonance-when-a-menacing-outgroup-delays-motor-response
#10
Roberta Capellini, Simona Sacchi, Paola Ricciardelli, Rossana Actis-Grosso
Motor resonance (MR) involves the activation of matching motor representations while observing others' actions. Recent research has shown that such a phenomenon is likely to be influenced by higher order variables such as social factors (e.g., ethnic group membership). The present study investigates whether and how the perception of a social threat elicited by an outgroup member and by contextual cues can modulate motor responses while an individual observes others' movements. In an experimental study based on an action observation paradigm, we asked participants to provide answers through computer mouse movements (MouseTracker)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769797/learning-by-observing-the-effect-of-multiple-sessions-of-action-observation-training-on-the-spontaneous-movement-tempo-and-motor-resonance
#11
Giovanna Lagravinese, Ambra Bisio, Piero Ruggeri, Marco Bove, Laura Avanzino
The present study was designed to explore the changes in motor performance and motor resonance after multiple sessions of action observation (AO) training. Subjects were exposed to the observation of a video showing finger tapping movements executed at 3Hz, a frequency higher than the spontaneous one (2Hz) for four consecutive days. Motor performance and motor resonance were tested before the AO training on the first day, and on the last day. Results showed that multiple sessions of AO training induced a shift of the speed of execution of finger tapping movements toward the observed one and a change in motor resonance...
February 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697663/grasp-specific-motor-resonance-is-influenced-by%C3%A2-the-visibility-of-the-observed-actor
#12
Karen L Bunday, Roger N Lemon, James M Kilner, Marco Davare, Guy A Orban
Motor resonance is the modulation of M1 corticospinal excitability induced by observation of others' actions. Recent brain imaging studies have revealed that viewing videos of grasping actions led to a differential activation of the ventral premotor cortex depending on whether the entire person is viewed versus only their disembodied hand. Here we used transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to examine motor evoked potentials (MEPs) in the first dorsal interosseous (FDI) and abductor digiti minimi (ADM) during observation of videos or static images in which a whole person or merely the hand was seen reaching and grasping a peanut (precision grip) or an apple (whole hand grasp)...
September 11, 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489547/mirror-neurons-system-engagement-in-late-adolescents-and-adults-while-viewing-emotional-gestures
#13
Emilie Salvia, Moritz Süß, Ruxandra Tivadar, Sarah Harkness, Marie-Hélène Grosbras
Observing others' actions enhances muscle-specific cortico-spinal excitability, reflecting putative mirror neurons activity. The exposure to emotional stimuli also modulates cortico-spinal excitability. We investigated how those two phenomena might interact when they are combined, i.e., while observing a gesture performed with an emotion, and whether they change during the transition between adolescence and adulthood, a period of social and brain maturation. We delivered single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) over the hand area of the left primary motor cortex of 27 healthy adults and adolescents and recorded their right first dorsal interossus (FDI) muscle activity (i...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27243157/changing-ideas-about-others-intentions-updating-prior-expectations-tunes-activity-in-the-human-motor-system
#14
Pierre O Jacquet, Alice C Roy, Valérian Chambon, Anna M Borghi, Roméo Salemme, Alessandro Farnè, Karen T Reilly
Predicting intentions from observing another agent's behaviours is often thought to depend on motor resonance - i.e., the motor system's response to a perceived movement by the activation of its stored motor counterpart, but observers might also rely on prior expectations, especially when actions take place in perceptually uncertain situations. Here we assessed motor resonance during an action prediction task using transcranial magnetic stimulation to probe corticospinal excitability (CSE) and report that experimentally-induced updates in observers' prior expectations modulate CSE when predictions are made under situations of perceptual uncertainty...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27182100/rapid-learning-of-associations-between-sound-and-action-through-observed-movement-a-tms-study
#15
Jacques Launay, Roger T Dean, Freya Bailes
Research has established that there is a cognitive link between perception and production of the same movement. However, there has been relatively little research into the relevance of this for non-expert perceivers, such as music listeners who do not play instruments themselves. In two experiments we tested whether participants can quickly learn new associations between sounds and observed movement without performing those movements themselves. We measured motor evoked potentials (MEPs) in the first dorsal interosseous muscle of participants' right hands while test tones were heard and single transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) pulses were used to trigger motor activity...
March 2016: Psychomusicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27118879/mirroring-multiple-agents-motor-resonance-during-action-observation-is-modulated-by-the-number-of-agents
#16
Emiel Cracco, Lize De Coster, Michael Andres, Marcel Brass
Although social situations regularly involve multiple persons acting together, research on the mirror neuron system has focused on situations in which a single agent is observed. Therefore, the goal of the current study was to explore the role of the mirror mechanism in situations involving multiple agents. Specifically, we used transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to investigate whether mirror activation is modulated by the number of observed agents. Based on group contagion research, we hypothesized that multiple agents would provide a stronger trigger to the motor system and would therefore produce a stronger mirror response than a single agent...
September 2016: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27039139/contextual-modulation-of-motor-resonance-during-the-observation-of-everyday-actions
#17
Lucia Amoruso, Cosimo Urgesi
Neuroimaging studies on action observation suggest that context plays a key role in coding high-level components of motor behavior, including the short-term and the end-goal of an action. However, little is known about the possible role of context in shaping lower-levels of action processing such as reading action kinematics and simulating muscular activity. Here, we combined single-pulse TMS and motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) recording to explore whether top-down contextual information is capable of modulating low-level motor representations...
July 1, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26807841/the-semantics-of-syntax-the-grounding-of-transitive-and-intransitive-constructions
#18
Wessel O van Dam, Rutvik H Desai
Embodied theories of language maintain that brain areas associated with perception and action are also involved in the processing and representation of word meaning. A number of studies have shown that sentences with action verbs elicit activation within sensory-motor brain regions, arguing that sentence-induced mental simulations provide a means for grounding their lexical-semantic meaning. Constructionist theories argue, however, that form-meaning correspondence is present not only at the lexical level but also at the level of constructions...
May 2016: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26687335/three-year-olds-rapid-facial-electromyographic-responses-to-emotional-facial-expressions-and-body-postures
#19
Elena Geangu, Ermanno Quadrelli, Stefania Conte, Emanuela Croci, Chiara Turati
Rapid facial reactions (RFRs) to observed emotional expressions are proposed to be involved in a wide array of socioemotional skills, from empathy to social communication. Two of the most persuasive theoretical accounts propose RFRs to rely either on motor resonance mechanisms or on more complex mechanisms involving affective processes. Previous studies demonstrated that presentation of facial and bodily expressions can generate rapid changes in adult and school-age children's muscle activity. However, to date there is little to no evidence to suggest the existence of emotional RFRs from infancy to preschool age...
April 2016: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26674875/causal-role-of-motor-simulation-in-turn-taking-behavior
#20
Lauren V Hadley, Giacomo Novembre, Peter E Keller, Martin J Pickering
UNLABELLED: Overlap between sensory and motor representations has been documented for a range of human actions, from grasping (Rizzolatti et al., 1996b) to playing a musical instrument (Novembre and Keller, 2014). Such overlap suggests that individuals use motor simulation to predict the outcome of observed actions (Wolpert, 1997). Here we investigate motor simulation as a basis of human communication. Using a musical turn-taking task, we show that pianists call on motor representations of their partner's part to predict when to come in for their own turn...
December 16, 2015: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
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