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Intraocular lenses

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532942/robot-assisted-simulated-cataract-surgery
#1
Tristan Bourcier, Jimmy Chammas, Pierre-Henri Becmeur, Arnaud Sauer, David Gaucher, Philippe Liverneaux, Jacques Marescaux, Didier Mutter
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of robot-assisted simulated cataract surgery. SETTING: Institut de Recherche Contre les Cancers de l'Appareil Digestif, European Institute of Telesurgery, and Strasbourg University Hospital, Strasbourg, France. DESIGN: Experimental study. METHODS: Cataract surgeries were performed on a Kitaro cataract wet-lab training system simultaneously using the Da Vinci Xi robotic surgical system and the Whitestar Signature phacoemulsification system...
April 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532941/cataract-surgery-practices-in-the-united-states-veterans-health-administration
#2
Annika G Havnaer, Paul B Greenberg, Glenn C Cockerham, Melissa A Clark, Amy Chomsky
PURPOSE: To describe current cataract surgery practices within the United States Veterans Health Administration (VHA). SETTING: Veterans Health Administration hospitals in the U.S. DESIGN: Retrospective data analysis. METHODS: An initial e-mail containing a link to an anonymous 32-question survey of cataract surgery practices was sent to participants in May 2016. Two reminder e-mails were sent to nonresponders 1 week and 2 weeks after the initial survey was sent; the remaining nonresponders were called twice over a 2-week period...
April 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531880/controlled-release-of-moxifloxacin-from-intraocular-lenses-modified-by-ar-plasma-assisted-grafting-with-amps-or-sbma-an-in-vitro-study
#3
A F R Pimenta, A P Vieira, R Colaço, B Saramago, M H Gil, P Coimbra, P Alves, D Bozukova, T R Correia, I J Correia, A J Guiomar, A P Serro
Intraocular lenses (IOLs) present an alternative for extended, local drug delivery in the prevention of post-operative acute endophthalmitis. In the present work, we modified the surface of a hydrophilic acrylic material, used for manufacturing of IOLs, through plasma-assisted grafting copolymerization of 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonic acid (AMPS) or [2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl]dimethyl-(3-sulfopropyl)ammonium hydroxide (SBMA), with the aim of achieving a controlled and effective drug release. The material was loaded with moxifloxacin (MFX), a commonly used antibiotic for endophthalmitis prevention...
May 1, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523528/comparison-of-visual-outcomes-and-reading-performance-after-bilateral-implantation-of-multifocal-intraocular-lenses-with-bilateral-monofocal-intraocular-lenses
#4
Özge Güngör Akkuş, Ikbal Seza Petriçli
PURPOSE: To compare the visual acuity outcomes, contrast sensitivity function (CS) and reading ability in patients with bilateral multifocal intraocular lenses and patients with bilateral monofocal lenses. SETTING: Vizyon Eye Center, Denizli, Turkey. DESIGN: Comparative case series. METHODS: Consecutive bilateral cataract patients having implantation of Acriva Reviol MFM 611 multifocal IOLs (Group A) or Acriva BB UD 613 monofocal IOLs (Group B) were included...
May 18, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514944/short-term-visual-outcomes-of-a-new-trifocal-intraocular-lens
#5
Jorge L García-Pérez, Juan Gros-Otero, Celia Sánchez-Ramos, Vanesa Blázquez, Inés Contreras
BACKGROUND: Today, patients often expect to achieve spectacle independance after cataract surgery. New trifocal intraocular lenses have been developed to try and fullfill this demand. The purpose of this study is to report the short-term visual outcomes of a new trifocal intraocular lens (AcrySof PanOptix™). METHODS: Consecutive adult patients undergoing cataract surgery with bilateral implantation of the study intraocular lens in a private practice clinic were considered for inclusion...
May 17, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511422/posterior-chamber-scleral-fixation-of-intraocular-lenses-in-post-vitrectomised-aphakic-eyes
#6
Francis Kwasi Obeng, Vipan Kumar Vig, Preetam Singh, Rajbir Singh, Bodhraj Dhawan, Nikhil Sahajpal
INTRODUCTION: The best method of aphakia correction is in the bag implantation of Posterior Chamber Intraocular Lens (PCIOL). When this ideal procedure is not possible due to lack of integrity of posterior capsule or zonules, the other alternatives are broadly categorized into two: extraocular and intraocular. Whereas, the former includes contact lenses and aphakic glasses, the latter ones are further divided into anterior and posterior chamber methods. Anterior Chamber Intraocular Lenses (ACIOL) can be with or without iris claw...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509425/methods-of-fixation-of-intraocular-lenses-according-to-the-anatomical-structures-in-trauma-eyes
#7
REVIEW
Miltiadis Fiorentzis, Anja Viestenz, Jens Heichel, Berthold Seitz, Thomas Hammer, Arne Viestenz
Ocular trauma can lead to severe visual impairment and morbidity, depending on the anatomical structures affected. The main causes of ocular trauma include foreign bodies, impact by an object, falls, and chemicals. Most ocular traumas occur in children or young male adults. A meticulous slit lamp examination is crucial for assessing all anatomical structures. Trauma to the crystalline lens can result in dislocation, an intralenticular foreign body, cataract, fragmentation, and capsular breach. An intraocular lens (IOL) can endure subluxation or luxation under the conjunctiva, into the anterior chamber or the vitreous, or can be extruded...
May 16, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503430/long-term-rotational-stability-and-visual-outcomes-of-a-single-piece-hydrophilic-acrylic-toric-iol-a-1-5-year-follow-up
#8
Balázs Gyöngyössy, Paul Jirak, Ulrich Schönherr
AIM: To evaluate the rotational stability and visual outcomes of a single-piece hydrophilic acrylic toric intraocular lenses (IOL) over a 1.5-year follow-up period. Data from the 6-month follow-up study have been previously reported. METHODS: Forty eyes of 26 cataract patients (mean age: 72.8±7.9y) with pre-existing corneal astigmatism of 1.0 to 2.6 D were enrolled in the study. Mean axial length was 23.17±0.88 mm. Main outcome measures after implantation of the Torica-aA IOL (HumanOptics) were IOL rotational stability, subjective refraction, astigmatism correction, uncorrected and corrected distance visual acuity (UDVA, CDVA)...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501378/incremental-revisions-across-the-life-span-of-ophthalmic-devices-after-initial-food-and-drug-administration-premarket-approval-1979-2015
#9
Anand D Gopal, Vinay K Rathi, Christopher C Teng, Lucian Del Priore, Joseph S Ross
PURPOSE: To characterize the frequency, nature, and regulatory mechanisms by which ophthalmic devices are iteratively modified after initial Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Premarket Approval (PMA). DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional analysis using publicly available FDA data. PARTICIPANTS: Ophthalmic devices initially approved via the FDA's PMA pathway between January 1, 1979 and December 31, 2015. METHODS: We used the FDA's PMA Database to identify and characterize initial approvals and subsequent postmarket modifications to Class III ophthalmic devices...
April 27, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499054/manual-removal-of-intraocular-lens-silicone-oil-droplets-and-dystrophic-calcifications-using-a-nitinol-loop-a-case-series
#10
Kareem Moussa, Theodore Leng, Julius T Oatts, Robert B Bhisitkul, David G Hwang, Jay M Stewart
Deposition of dystrophic calcifications on the posterior surface of silicone intraocular lenses (IOLs) has been reported in patients with asteroid hyalosis. Accumulation of silicone oil droplets on the posterior surface of silicone IOLs in silicone-filled eyes has also been reported. Recently, a novel technique to manually remove dystrophic calcifications using a nickel titanium loop (Finesse Flex Loop; Alcon, Fort Worth, TX) was described, obviating the need for IOL exchange. Here, the authors report their outcomes with this technique in five eyes with IOL dystrophic calcifications as well as one eye with IOL silicone oil droplet accumulation...
May 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483495/intraocular-lens-calcifications-after-triple-descemet-membrane-endothelial-keratoplasty-dmek
#11
Silvia Schrittenlocher, Marius Penier, Friederike Schaub, Felix Bock, Claus Cursiefen, Björn Bachmann
PURPOSE: To identify incidence of and risk factors for calcifications of intraocular lenses (IOLs) after Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: Retrospective review of charts and slit-lamp images of 564 consecutive patients from the prospective Cologne DMEK database who underwent DMEK in pseudophacic eyes or DMEK in combination with cataract surgery (triple-DMEK) between 09/2013 and 10/2015 at the Department of Ophthalmology, University of Cologne...
May 5, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476316/aberration-free-intraocular-lenses-what-does-this-really-mean
#12
Achim Langenbucher, Simon Schröder, Alan Cayless, Timo Eppig
BACKGROUND: So-called aberration-free intraocular lenses (IOLs) are well established in modern cataract surgery. Usually, they are designed to perfectly refract a collimated light beam onto the focal point. METHODS: We show how much aberration can be expected with such an IOL in a convergent light beam such as that found anterior to the human cornea. Additionally, the aberration in a collimated beam is estimated for an IOL that has no aberrations in the convergent beam...
May 3, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Medizinische Physik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469941/intraocular-telescopic-system-design-optical-and-visual-simulation-in-a-human-eye-model
#13
Georgios Zoulinakis, Teresa Ferrer-Blasco
Purpose. To design an intraocular telescopic system (ITS) for magnifying retinal image and to simulate its optical and visual performance after implantation in a human eye model. Methods. Design and simulation were carried out with a ray-tracing and optical design software. Two different ITS were designed, and their visual performance was simulated using the Liou-Brennan eye model. The difference between the ITS was their lenses' placement in the eye model and their powers. Ray tracing in both centered and decentered situations was carried out for both ITS while visual Strehl ratio (VSOTF) was computed using custom-made MATLAB code...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463890/estimating-total-corneal-astigmatism-from-anterior-corneal-data
#14
Kristian Næser, Giacomo Savini, Jesper Flethøj Bregnhøj
PURPOSE: To determine keratometric astigmatism (KA), posterior corneal astigmatism (PCA), and total corneal astigmatism (TCA) in 951 normal eyes, to establish a model for estimating TCA from anterior corneal data, and to test this method in a new group of eyes with toric intraocular lenses (TIOLs). METHODS: We used a Pentacam HR (high-resolution) Scheimpflug camera to determine KA, PCA, and TCA in 951 normal eyes. A model to estimate TCA from anterior corneal data was evaluated by the difference (=error) between the measured TCA and the estimated value...
May 1, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457292/visual-outcomes-of-patients-presenting-with-bilateral-infantile-cataracts-and-nystagmus
#15
Charlene Crockett, Kathryn A Camero, Lingkun Kong, Kimberly G Yen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes of cataract surgery in pediatric patients presenting with bilateral infantile cataracts and nystagmus. DESIGN: Retrospective case study. PARTICIPANTS: Thirteen pediatric patients who presented between September 2002 and February 2014 at a single tertiary care institution. METHODS: Patients were included if they presented with bilateral visually significant cataracts and preoperative manifest nystagmus and had no other systemic or ocular condition that could explain the presence of the nystagmus...
April 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449541/nanoscale-observation-of-dehydration-process-in-phema-hydrogel-structure
#16
Kordian Chamerski, Witold Korzekwa, Jacek Filipecki, Olha Shpotyuk, Marcin Stopa, Piotr Jeleń, Maciej Sitarz
One of the most important field of interest in respect to hydrogel materials is their capability to water storage. The problem mentioned above plays an important role regarding to diffusion of fluid media containing nanoparticles, what is very useful in biomedical applications, such as artificial polymeric implants, drug delivery systems or tissue engineering.In presented work, dehydration process in hydrogels used in ophthalmology as intraocular lenses was observed. Before measurements studied materials were immersed in deionized water and saline solution to obtain equilibrium swelling state...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447604/wearable-smart-sensor-systems-integrated-on-soft-contact-lenses-for-wireless-ocular-diagnostics
#17
Joohee Kim, Minji Kim, Mi-Sun Lee, Kukjoo Kim, Sangyoon Ji, Yun-Tae Kim, Jihun Park, Kyungmin Na, Kwi-Hyun Bae, Hong Kyun Kim, Franklin Bien, Chang Young Lee, Jang-Ung Park
Wearable contact lenses which can monitor physiological parameters have attracted substantial interests due to the capability of direct detection of biomarkers contained in body fluids. However, previously reported contact lens sensors can only monitor a single analyte at a time. Furthermore, such ocular contact lenses generally obstruct the field of vision of the subject. Here, we developed a multifunctional contact lens sensor that alleviates some of these limitations since it was developed on an actual ocular contact lens...
April 27, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445869/silicone-oil-related-visual-loss
#18
Hamouda Hamdy Ghoraba, Adel Galal Zaky, Mohamed Amin Heikal, Emad Eldin Mohamed Elgemai, Haithem Mamoun Abd Al Fatah
BACKGROUND: Silicone oil (SO) is used as an intravitreal tamponade agent in vitreoretinal surgery for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) complicated by proliferative vitreoretinopathy or with large, multiple retinal tears. Usually, SO is left in the eye for at least 3 months. Although its use can lead to well-known complications, intraocular SO is generally well tolerated. Some studies have reported unexpected central vision loss after SO use or removal. OBJECTIVE: To investigate and analyze the reason for visual loss after the use or removal of intraocular SO in patients who underwent vitrectomy surgeries for RRD...
April 27, 2017: Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444524/in-vitro-optical-quality-of-monofocal-aspheric-toric-intraocular-lenses-effect-of-cylindrical-power
#19
Teresa Ferrer-Blasco, Alberto Domínguez-Vicent, Santiago García-Lázaro, María Amparo Diez, José F Alfonso, José J Esteve-Taboada
PURPOSE: To assess the in vitro optical quality of monofocal aspheric toric intraocular lenses (IOLs) as a function of the cylindrical power. METHODS: The in vitro optical quality of the AcrySof IQ Toric IOLs SN6AT2, SN6AT3, SN6AT4, SN6AT5 and SN6AT6 (Alcon Laboratories Inc., Forth Worth, TX, USA) was assessed with an instrument conceived for measuring Zernike's coefficients at 3.0- and 5.0-mm apertures. As a reference, the aspheric monofocal lens AcrySof IQ Aspheric SN60WF (Alcon Laboratories Inc...
April 25, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435215/a-comparison-of-mesopic-visual-acuity-and-objective-visual-quality-following-cataract-surgery-with-hydrophobic-acrylic-intraocular-lenses
#20
George Hh Beiko, Miso Gostimir, Lila Haj-Ahmad
PURPOSE: To evaluate mesopic visual acuity and visual quality as measured by objective scatter index (OSI) in pseudophakic eyes with long-term follow-up after implantation of hydrophobic acrylic lenses made from two different lens materials. SETTING: This study was carried out in a private clinic. DESIGN: This study was an observational cohort study. METHODS: This pilot study included 181 eyes of 136 patients who had undergone cataract surgery with implantation of monofocal hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses (IOLs), either Alcon AcrySof (82 eyes) or Abbott Medical Optics' Tecnis (99 eyes)...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
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