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Quantum Medicine

José Roberto Pereira Guedes, Leoni Villano Bonamin, Vera Luiza Capelozzi
INTRODUCTION:  There are two critical pillars of homeopathy that contrast with the dominant scientific approach: the similitude principle and the potentization of serial dilutions. Three main hypotheses about the mechanisms of action are in discussion: nanobubbles-related hormesis; vehicle-related electric resonance; and quantum non-locality. OBJECTIVES:  The aim of this paper is to review and discuss some key points of such properties: the imprint of supramolecular structures based on the nanoparticle-allostatic, cross-adaptation-sensitization (NPCAS) model; the theory of non-molecular electromagnetic transfer of information, based on the coherent water domains model, and relying (like the NPCAS model) on the idea of local interactions; and the hypothesis of quantum entanglement, based on the concept of non-locality...
May 16, 2018: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
Andrea J R Balthasar, Torre M Bydlon, Hans Ippel, Marjolein van der Voort, Benno H W Hendriks, Gerald W Lucassen, Geert-Jan van Geffen, Maarten van Kleef, Paul van Dijk, Arno Lataster
BACKGROUND: During several anesthesiological procedures, needles are inserted through the skin of a patient to target nerves. In most cases, the needle traverses several tissues-skin, subcutaneous adipose tissue, muscles, nerves, and blood vessels-to reach the target nerve. A clear identification of the target nerve can improve the success of the nerve block and reduce the rate of complications. This may be accomplished with diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) which can provide a quantitative measure of the tissue composition...
May 14, 2018: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Douglas E Brash, Leticia C P Goncalves, Etelvino J H Bechara
Quantum mechanics rarely extends to molecular medicine. Recently, the pigment melanin was found to be susceptible to chemiexcitation, in which an electron is chemically excited to a high-energy molecular orbital. In invertebrates, chemiexcitation causes bioluminescence; in mammals, a higher-energy process involving melanin transfers energy to DNA without photons, creating the lethal and mutagenic cyclobutane pyrimidine dimer that can cause melanoma. This process is initiated by NO and O2 - radicals, the formation of which can be triggered by ultraviolet light or inflammation...
May 8, 2018: Trends in Molecular Medicine
Hiroshi Yukawa, Yoshinobu Baba
Quantum dots (QDs) have excellent fluorescence properties in comparison to traditional fluorescence probes. Thus, the optical application of QDs is rapidly expanding to each field of analytical chemistry. In this review paper, we reviewed the application of QDs to regenerative medicine, especially stem cell transplantation therapy. The labeling of stem cells using QDs composed of semiconductor materials in combination with a chemical substance, poly-cationic liposome and cell penetrating peptide is reported...
2018: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
Jun Yao, Pingfan Li, Lin Li, Mei Yang
According to recent research, nanotechnology based on quantum dots (QDs) has been widely applied in the field of bioimaging, drug delivery, and drug analysis. Therefore, it has become one of the major forces driving basic and applied research. The application of nanotechnology in bioimaging has been of concern. Through in vitro labeling, it was found that luminescent QDs possess many properties such as narrow emission, broad UV excitation, bright fluorescence, and high photostability. The QDs also show great potential in whole-body imaging...
May 4, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
Christa Cobbaert, Nico Smit, Philippe Gillery
In our efforts to advance the profession and practice of clinical laboratory medicine, strong coordination and collaboration are needed more than ever before. At the dawn of the 21st century, medical laboratories are facing many unmet clinical needs, a technological revolution promising a plethora of better biomarkers, financial constraints, a growing scarcity of well-trained laboratory technicians and a sharply increasing number of International Organization for Standardization guidelines and new regulations to which medical laboratories should comply in order to guarantee safety and effectiveness of medical test results...
May 7, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
Na Ming, Shina Tao, Wenqing Yang, Qingyun Chen, Ruyi Sun, Chang Wang, Shuyun Wang, Baoyuan Man, Huanian Zhang
Previously, PbS/CdS core/shell quantum dots with excellent optical properties have been widely used as light-harvesting materials in solar cell and biomarkers in bio-medicine. However, the nonlinear absorption characteristics of PbS/CdS core/shell quantum dots have been rarely investigated. In this work, PbS/CdS core/shell quantum dots were successfully employed as nonlinear saturable absorber (SA) for demonstrating a mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser. Based on a film-type SA, which was prepared by incorporating the quantum dots with the polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), mode-locked Er-doped operation with a pulse width of 54 ps and a maximum average output power of 2...
April 2, 2018: Optics Express
Maryam Khoshkam, Yasamin Baghdadchi, Roghaye Arezumand, Ali Ramazani
Quantum dots (QDs) have widespread application in many fields such as medicine and electronics. The need for understanding the potentially harmful side effects of these materials becomes clear. In this study, the toxicity of cadmium telluride quantum dots (CdTe-QDs) and bulk Cd2+ has been investigated and compared by applying metabolomics methods. The datasets were 1 HNMR data from mice plasma which had been taken from four groups of mice in different time intervals. Then the data were analyzed by applying chemometrics methods and the metabolites were found from Human Metabolome Database (HMDB)...
April 30, 2018: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
Dandan Tang, Jinyi Zhang, Rongxin Zhou, Ya-Ni Xie, Xiandeng Hou, Kailai Xu, Peng Wu
Overexpression and crystallization of uric acid have been recognized as the course of hyperuricemia and gout, which is produced via xanthine oxidase (XOD)-catalyzed oxidation of xanthine. Therefore, the medicinal therapy of hyperuricemia and gout is majorly based on the inhibition of the XOD enzymatic pathway. The spectroscopic nature of xanthine and uric acid, namely both absorption (near the ultraviolet region) and emission (non-fluorescent) characteristics, hinders optical assay development for XOD analysis...
April 25, 2018: Nanoscale
Santosh Kumari, S M Abdul Shakoor, Sadhika Khullar, Sanjay K Mandal, Rajeev Sakhuja
An efficient, one-pot Cu-catalyzed tandem synthesis of fluorescent 1-benzyl-2-phenyl-1,2-dihydro-5H-chromeno[4,3-d]pyrimidin-5-ones from 4-chloro-3-formylcoumarin and benzylamines was developed by in situ intramolecular cross-dehydrogenative C(sp3)-N bond formation in moderate-to-good yields under ligand-free ambient conditions. This synthesis was easily scalable, and the generality of the substrates was established. These coumarin-fused pyrimidines exhibited interesting photo-physical properties and high quantum yields, and would be potential candidates for facilitating suitable studies in medicinal chemistry and materials science...
April 17, 2018: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Ee-Seul Kang, Da-Seul Kim, Intan Rosalina Suhito, Wanhee Lee, Inbeom Song, Tae-Hyung Kim
Background: In the past decade, stem cells, with their ability to differentiate into various types of cells, have been proven to be resourceful in regenerative medicine and tissue engineering. Despite the ability to repair damaged parts of organs and tissues, the use of stem cells still entails several limitations, such as low differentiation efficiency and difficulties in guiding differentiation. To address these limitations, nanotechnology approaches have been recently implemented in stem cell research...
2018: Biomaterials Research
Fan Leng, Fang Liu, Yongtao Yang, Yu Wu, Weiqun Tian
The emergence of nanomedicine has enriched the knowledge and strategies of treating diseases, and especially some incurable diseases, such as cancers, acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), and neurodegenerative diseases. The application of nanoparticles in medicine is in the core of nanomedicine. Nanoparticles can be used in drug delivery for improving the uptake of poorly soluble drugs, targeted delivery to a specific site, and drug bioavailability. Early diagnosis of and targeted therapies for cancers can significantly improve patients' quality of life and extend patients' lives...
March 28, 2018: Nanomaterials
Francis Beauvais
Background: Benveniste's biology experiments suggested the existence of molecular-like effects without molecules ("memory of water"). In this article, it is proposed that these disputed experiments could have been the consequence of a previously unnoticed and non-conventional experimenter effect. Methods: A probabilistic modelling is built in order to describe an elementary laboratory experiment. A biological system is modelled with two possible states ("resting" and "activated") and exposed to two experimental conditions labelled "control" and "test", but both are biologically inactive...
March 29, 2018: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
Muhamad Insanu, Zelika Mega Ramadhania, Evelyne Nadia Halim, Rika Hartati, Komar Ruslan Wirasutisna
Background: Syzygium aqueum Burm.f. Alston (water apple) belonging to Myrtaceae family was originated from tropical areas. It was traditionally used as a medicinal plant. Objective: The objective of the study was to isolate the active compound from the methanolic extract of S. aqueum leaves. Methods: Extraction was done using continuous extraction with methanol as a solvent. The extract was then fractionated using liquid-liquid extraction, vacuum liquid chromatography, and radial chromatography...
January 2018: Pharmacognosy Research
Jonathan D Breeze, Enrico Salvadori, Juna Sathian, Neil McN Alford, Christopher W M Kay
The maser-the microwave progenitor of the optical laser-has been confined to relative obscurity owing to its reliance on cryogenic refrigeration and high-vacuum systems. Despite this, it has found application in deep-space communications and radio astronomy owing to its unparalleled performance as a low-noise amplifier and oscillator. The recent demonstration of a room-temperature solid-state maser that utilizes polarized electron populations within the triplet states of photo-excited pentacene molecules in a p-terphenyl host paves the way for a new class of maser...
March 21, 2018: Nature
Jiaohan Guo, Kevin Black, Jiawen Hu, Mahi Singh
We developed a theory for the fluorescence (FL) for quantum emitter and double metallic nanoshell dimer hybrids using the density matrix method. The dimer is made from two identical double metallic nanoshells, which are made of a dielectric core, a gold metallic shell and a dielectric spacer layer. The quantum emitters are deposited on the surface of the spacer layers of the dimers due to the electrostatic absorptions. We consider that dimer hybrids are surrounded by biological cells. This can be achieved by injecting them into human or animal cells...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Svetlana Pleskova, Elza Mikheeva, Ekaterina Gornostaeva
Quantum dots are nanoparticles, which due to their unique physical and chemical (first of all optical) properties, are promising in biology and medicine. There are many ways for quantum dots synthesis, both in the form of nanoislands self-forming on the surfaces, which can be used as single-photon emitters in electronics for storing information, and in the form of colloidal quantum dots for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes in living systems. The paper describes the main methods of quantum dots synthesis and summarizes medical and biological ways of their use...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Wei Liu, Xiashi Zhu
A novel method based on amino acid ionic liquids (AAILs) as an additive synchronous fluorescence spectrometry is proposed for simultaneous determination of magnolol (MN) and honokiol (HN) in traditional Chinese medicine Houpu. The overlapping fluorescence spectrum of MN and HN could be completely separated in the AAILs medium. Experiment parameters (the type and concentration of AAILs, pH values and temperature) were discussed. The detection limits of MN and HN reached 1.46ng/mL, 0.92ng/mL and the recovery rates ranged from 98...
May 5, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Sara Savelli, Luisa Trombi, Delfo D'Alessandro, Stefania Moscato, Simone Pacini, Stefano Giannotti, Simone Lapi, Fabrizio Scatena, Mario Petrini
BACKGROUND: Bone Marrow MSCs are an appealing source for several cell-based therapies. Many bioreactors, as the Quantum Cell Expansion System, have been developed to generate a large number of MSCs under Good Manufacturing Practice conditions by using Human Platelet Lysate (HPL). Previously we isolated in the human bone marrow a novel cell population, named Mesodermal Progenitor Cells (MPCs), which we identified as precursors of MSCs. MPCs could represent an important cell source for regenerative medicine applications...
April 2018: Cytotherapy
Satish Kumar, John Blangero, Joanne E Curran
Experimental modeling of human inherited disorders provides insight into the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved, and the underlying genetic component influencing, the disease phenotype. The breakthrough development of induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) technology represents a quantum leap in experimental modeling of human diseases, providing investigators with a self-renewing and, thus, unlimited source of pluripotent cells for targeted differentiation. In principle, the entire range of cell types found in the human body can be interrogated using an iPSC approach...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
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