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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777502/carbon-nanomaterials-in-biological-studies-and-biomedicine
#1
REVIEW
Nagappa L Teradal, Raz Jelinek
The "carbon nano-world" has made over the past few decades huge contributions in diverse scientific disciplines and technological advances. While dramatic advances have been widely publicized in using carbon nanomaterials such as fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, and graphene in materials sciences, nano-electronics, and photonics, their contributions to biology and biomedicine have been noteworthy as well. This Review focuses on the use of carbon nanotubes (CNTs), graphene, and carbon quantum dots [encompassing graphene quantum dots (GQDs) and carbon dots (C-dots)] in biologically oriented materials and applications...
August 4, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757813/a-qsar-study-based-on-svm-for-the-compound-of-hydroxyl-benzoic-esters
#2
Li Wen, Qing Li, Wei Li, Qiao Cai, Yong-Ming Cai
Hydroxyl benzoic esters are preservative, being widely used in food, medicine, and cosmetics. To explore the relationship between the molecular structure and antibacterial activity of these compounds and predict the compounds with similar structures, Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship (QSAR) models of 25 kinds of hydroxyl benzoic esters with the quantum chemical parameters and molecular connectivity indexes are built based on support vector machine (SVM) by using R language. The External Standard Deviation Error of Prediction (SDEPext), fitting correlation coefficient (R(2)), and leave-one-out cross-validation (Q(2)LOO) are used to value the reliability, stability, and predictive ability of models...
2017: Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735540/the-n%C3%A2-%C3%AF-interaction
#3
Robert W Newberry, Ronald T Raines
The carbonyl group holds a prominent position in chemistry and biology not only because it allows diverse transformations but also because it supports key intermolecular interactions, including hydrogen bonding. More recently, carbonyl groups have been found to interact with a variety of nucleophiles, including other carbonyl groups, in what we have termed an n→π* interaction. In an n→π* interaction, a nucleophile donates lone-pair (n) electron density into the empty π* orbital of a nearby carbonyl group...
July 23, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732982/sonochemical-green-reduction-to-prepare-ag-nanoparticles-decorated-graphene-sheets-for-catalytic-performance-and-antibacterial-application
#4
Sayan Ganguly, Poushali Das, Madhuparna Bose, Tushar Kanti Das, Subhadip Mondal, Amit Kumar Das, Narayan C Das
The emerging popularity and wide acceptance of green chemistry and environmentally benign/ecofriendly approaches have comprehensively considered for catalyst synthesis methods. Natural resource derived carbogenic quantum dots has been used in assistance with ultrasonic shock wave to graphene oxide (GO) aqueous dispersion in order to prepare reduced graphene oxide decorated with silver nanoparticles following the 'top-down' method. The total reduction process is done without using any toxic external reducing agents and any surfactants or stabilizers, thus it can be accepted as green method...
November 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729656/endolysosomal-targeting-of-a-clinical-chlorin-photosensitiser-for-light-triggered-delivery-of-nano-sized-medicines
#5
Elnaz Yaghini, Ruggero Dondi, Kunal M Tewari, Marilena Loizidou, Ian M Eggleston, Alexander J MacRobert
A major problem with many promising nano-sized biotherapeutics including macromolecules is that owing to their size they are subject to cellular uptake via endocytosis, and become entrapped and then degraded within endolysosomes, which can significantly impair their therapeutic efficacy. Photochemical internalisation (PCI) is a technique for inducing cytosolic release of the entrapped agents that harnesses sub-lethal photodynamic therapy (PDT) using a photosensitiser that localises in endolysosomal membranes...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667269/novel-carbon-quantum-dots-from-egg-yolk-oil-and-their-haemostatic-effects
#6
Yan Zhao, Yue Zhang, Xiaoman Liu, Hui Kong, Yongzhi Wang, Gaofeng Qin, Peng Cao, Xingxing Song, Xin Yan, Qingguo Wang, Huihua Qu
In this study, the properties of egg yolk oil (EYO) were investigated. Water extraction, dialysis, and ultrafiltration were used to extract and purify EYO, and microscopy, spectrophotometry, and chromatography were used to identify carbon dots (CDs) present in EYO (EYO CDs). Morphology analyses demonstrated that CDs were almost spherical, with an average size of <10 nm, a lattice spacing of 0.267 nm, and a composition of mainly C, O, and Fe. The solution showed bright blue fluorescence at 365 nm. Tail haemorrhaging and liver haemorrhaging experiments showed that CD-treated mice had significantly shorter bleeding times than did control mice...
June 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656726/correlation-distance-dependence-of-the-resonance-frequency-of-intermolecular-zero-quantum-coherences-and-its-implication-for-mr-thermometry
#7
Le Zhang, Andrew McCallister, Karl M Koshlap, Rosa Tamara Branca
PURPOSE: Because the resonance frequency of water-fat intermolecular zero-quantum coherences (iZQCs) reflects the water-fat frequency separation at the microscopic scale, these frequencies have been proposed and used as a mean to obtain more accurate temperature information. The purpose of this work was to investigate the dependence of the water-fat iZQC resonance frequency on sample microstructure and on the specific choice of the correlation distance. METHODS: The effect of water-fat susceptibility gradients on the water-methylene iZQC resonance frequency was first computed and then measured for different water-fat emulsions and for a mixture of porcine muscle and fat...
June 27, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644616/importance-of-a-fully-anharmonic-treatment-of-equilibrium-isotope-fractionation-properties-of-dissolved-ionic-species-as-evidenced-by-li-aq
#8
Romain Dupuis, Magali Benoit, Mark E Tuckerman, Merlin Méheut
Equilibrium fractionation of stable isotopes is critically important in fields ranging from chemistry, including medicinal chemistry, electrochemistry, geochemistry, and nuclear chemistry, to environmental science. The dearth of reliable estimates of equilibrium fractionation factors, from experiment or from natural observations, has created a need for accurate computational approaches. Because isotope fractionation is a purely quantum mechanical phenomenon, exact calculation of fractionation factors is nontrivial...
June 23, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638470/bright-polymer-dots-tracking-stem-cell-engraftment-and-migration-to-injured-mouse-liver
#9
Dandan Chen, Qiong Li, Zihui Meng, Lei Guo, Ying Tang, Zhihe Liu, Shengyan Yin, Weiping Qin, Zhen Yuan, Xuanjun Zhang, Changfeng Wu
Stem cell therapy holds promise for treatment of intractable diseases and injured organs. For clinical translation, it is pivotal to understand the homing, engraftment, and differentiation processes of stem cells in a living body. Here we report near-infrared (NIR) fluorescent semiconductor polymer dots (Pdots) for bright labeling and tracking of human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). The Pdots exhibit narrow-band emission at 775 nm with a quantum yield of 22%, among the highest value for various NIR probes. The Pdots together with a cell penetrating peptide are able to track stem cells over two weeks without disturbing their multipotent properties, as confirmed by the analyses on cell proliferation, differentiation, stem-cell markers, and immunophenotyping...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633990/cellular-gauge-symmetry-and-the-li-organization-principle-a-mathematical-addendum-quantifying-energetic-dynamics-in-physical-and-biological-systems-through-a-simple-geometric-tool-and-geodetic-curves
#10
REVIEW
Alexander Yurkin, Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters, Pedro C Marijuán
The present Addendum complements the accompanying paper "Cellular Gauge Symmetry and the Li Organization Principle"; it illustrates a recently-developed geometrical physical model able to assess electronic movements and energetic paths in atomic shells. The model describes a multi-level system of circular, wavy and zigzag paths which can be projected onto a horizontal tape. This model ushers in a visual interpretation of the distribution of atomic electrons' energy levels and the corresponding quantum numbers through rather simple tools, such as compasses, rulers and straightforward calculations...
June 17, 2017: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608445/tailoring-the-volatility-and-stability-of-oligopeptides
#11
J Schätti, U Sezer, S Pedalino, J P Cotter, M Arndt, M Mayor, V Köhler
Amino acids are essential building blocks of life and fluorinated derivatives have gained interest in chemistry and medicine. Modern mass spectrometry has enabled the study of oligo- and polypeptides as isolated entities in the gas phase, but predominantly as singly or even multiply charged species. While laser desorption of neutral peptides into adiabatically expanding supersonic noble gas jets is possible, UV-VIS spectroscopy, electric or magnetic deflectometry as well as quantum interferometry would profit from the possibility to prepare thermally slow molecular beams...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585624/exploiting-the-biomimetic-and-luminescence-properties-of-multivalent-dendrimer-semiconductor-nanohybrid-materials-in-the-ultra-low-level-determination-of-folic-acid
#12
Somashree Kundu, Susmita Maiti, Tushar Kanti Das, Debasmita Ghosh, Chandra Nath Roy, Abhijit Saha
In view of the enhanced generation of folate receptors in cancerous cells and diseases linked to the deficiency of folic acid, such as anemia, mental devolution, congenital malformation, etc., the development of a simple method for the ultra-sensitive determination of folic acid remains a long-standing issue for practical applications in medicine and biotechnology. Thus, the proposed luminescence based strategy involving multifunctional poly(amidoamine) (PAMAM) dendrimer encapsulated quantum dots (QDs) as a probe provides a simple, fast and efficient method for the selective determination of folic acid at the nano-molar level...
June 6, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578662/possible-contribution-of-quantum-like-correlations-to-the-placebo-effect-consequences-on-blind-trials
#13
Francis Beauvais
BACKGROUND: Factors that participate in the biological changes associated with a placebo are not completely understood. Natural evolution, mean regression, concomitant procedures and other non specific effects are well-known factors that contribute to the "placebo effect". In this article, we suggest that quantum-like correlations predicted by a probabilistic modeling could also play a role. RESULTS: An elementary experiment in biology or medicine comparing the biological changes associated with two placebos is modeled...
June 2, 2017: Theoretical Biology & Medical Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572453/nanoscale-nuclear-magnetic-resonance-with-chemical-resolution
#14
Nabeel Aslam, Matthias Pfender, Philipp Neumann, Rolf Reuter, Andrea Zappe, Felipe Fávaro de Oliveira, Andrej Denisenko, Hitoshi Sumiya, Shinobu Onoda, Junichi Isoya, Jörg Wrachtrup
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is a key analytical technique in chemistry, biology, and medicine. However, conventional NMR spectroscopy requires an at least nanoliter-sized sample volume to achieve sufficient signal. We combined the use of a quantum memory and high magnetic fields with a dedicated quantum sensor based on nitrogen vacancy centers in diamond to achieve chemical shift resolution in (1)H and (19)F NMR spectroscopy of 20-zeptoliter sample volumes. We demonstrate the application of NMR pulse sequences to achieve homonuclear decoupling and spin diffusion measurements...
July 7, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552788/solasodine-3-o-%C3%AE-d-glucopyranoside-kills-candida-albicans-by-disrupting-the-intracellular-vacuole
#15
Wenqiang Chang, Ying Li, Ming Zhang, Sha Zheng, Yan Li, Hongxiang Lou
The increasing incidence of fungal infections and emergence of drug resistance underlie the constant search for new antifungal agents and exploration of their modes of action. The present study aimed to investigate the antifungal mechanisms of solasodine-3-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (SG) isolated from the medicinal plant Solanum nigrum L. In vitro, SG displayed potent fungicidal activity against both azole-sensitive and azole-resistant Candida albicans strains in Spider medium with its MICs of 32 μg/ml. Analysis of structure and bioactivity revealed that both the glucosyl residue and NH group were required for SG activity...
May 25, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539053/atomic-psychiatry-an-essay
#16
Ian Patrick Paddy Burges Watson
OBJECTIVE: This article aims to address the need to rethink the classification of mental illness and to draw attention to the current use of quantum biology and its likely future use in understanding the nature of mental illness. CONCLUSION: It is desirable to separate out neuroscience and clinical research and to become better acquainted with the concepts of quantum mechanical/quantum biological theory and its contribution to medicine.
May 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538206/spectroscopic-far-or-terahertz-mid-infrared-and-raman-investigation-thermal-analysis-and-biological-activity-of-piplartine
#17
Anubha Srivastava, T Karthick, B D Joshi, Rashmi Mishra, Poonam Tandon, A P Ayala, Javier Ellena
Research in the field of medicinal plants including Piper species like long pepper (Piper longum L.- Piperaceae) is increasing all over the world due to its use in traditional and Ayurvedic medicine. Piplartine (piperlongumine, 5,6-dihydro-1-[(2E)-1-oxo-3-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-2-propenyl]-2(1H)-pyridinone), a biologically active alkaloid/amide was isolated from the phytochemical investigations of Piper species, as long pepper. This alkaloid has cytotoxic, anti-fungal, anti-diabetic, anti-platelet aggregation, anti-tumoral, anxiolytic, anti-depressant, anti-leishmanial, and genotoxic activities, but, its anticancer property is the most promising and has been widely explored...
May 5, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509422/evaluation-of-the-medicinal-potential-of-two-ruthenium-ii-polypyridine-complexes-as-one-and-two-photon-photodynamic-therapy-photosensitizers
#18
Jeannine Hess, Huaiyi Huang, Adrian Kaiser, Vanessa Pierroz, Olivier Blacque, Hui Chao, Gilles Gasser
Two [Ru(phen)2 dppz](2+) derivatives (phen=1,10-phenantroline, dppz=dipyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine) with different functional groups on the dppz ligand [dppz-7,8-(OMe)2 (1), dppz-7,8-(OH)2 (2)] have been synthesized, characterized and investigated as photosensitizers (PSs) for photodynamic therapy (PDT) against cancer. Both complexes showed intense red phosphorescence and promising singlet oxygen ((1) O2 ) quantum yields of 75 % (1) and 54 % (2) in acetonitrile. Complex 1 (logPo/w =-0.52, 2.4 nmol Ru per mg protein) was found to be more lipophilic, having also a higher cellular uptake efficiency compared to 2 (logPo/w =-0...
May 16, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506901/new-isoflavonoids-from-the-extract-of-rhynchosia-precatoria-humb-bonpl-ex-willd-dc-and-their-antimycobacterial-activity
#19
Enrique Wenceslao Coronado-Aceves, Giulia Gigliarelli, Adriana Garibay-Escobar, Ramón Enrique Robles Zepeda, Massimo Curini, Jaime López Cervantes, Clara Inés Inés Espitia-Pinzón, Stefano Superchi, Stefania Vergura, Maria Carla Marcotullio
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY RELEVANCE: The evaluation of the antimycobacterial activity of extracts of medicinal plants used by Mayos against tuberculosis and respiratory problems, allowed the identification of Rhynchosia precatoria (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) DC (Fabaceae) as the best candidate to find new antimycobacterial compounds. AIM OF THE STUDY: To isolate and characterize the compounds of R. precatoria responsible for the inhibitory and bactericidal activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv and Mycobacterium smegmatis ATCC 700084...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463765/bright-carbon-dots-as-fluorescence-sensing-agents-for-bacteria-and-curcumin
#20
Mirza Muhammad Fahad Baig, Yu-Chie Chen
Carbon dots (C-dots) are fluorescent nanomaterials that possess good photostability and low toxicity. They have been used as sensing probes and bioimaging agents for a variety of biological species. Numerous methods are available to generate C-dots. Nevertheless, simple and straightforward synthesis methods must be explored for the synthesis of C-dots from inexpensive, natural sources. In this study, we developed a simple method to generate C-dots from inexpensive chicken egg whites through a one-step heating reaction...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
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