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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332036/the-committed-intimate-partnerships-of-incarcerated-african-american-men-implications-for-sexual-hiv-transmission-risk-and-prevention-opportunities
#1
Maria R Khan, Nabila El-Bassel, Carol E Golin, Joy D Scheidell, Adaora A Adimora, Ashley M Coatsworth, Hui Hu, Selena Judon-Monk, Katie P Medina, David A Wohl
Incarceration is thought to influence HIV transmission by disrupting partnerships that provide support and protect against sex risk-taking. Current correctional facility-based family-strengthening programs focus on marital partnerships, a minority of inmates' partnerships. Research on the sex partnerships of incarcerated African-American men and the types of partnerships most likely to protect against HIV-related sex risk is limited. Improved understanding can inform expansion of correctional facility-based family-strengthening programs to a greater proportion of protective partnerships and HIV risk reduction programs to partnerships vulnerable to sex risk...
March 22, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327835/-external-workplace-violence-against-doctors-in-hospital-services-in-lima-metropolitana-peru-2014
#2
Ximena Tuya-Figueroa, Edward Mezones-Holguin, Eduardo Monge, Ricardo Arones, Milagros Mier, Mercedes Saravia, Jose Torres, Percy Mayta-Tristán
Objectives: . To calculate the frequency and factors associated with external workplace violence (EWV) against doctors in health inpatient services in the metropolitan area of Lima (Spanish: Lima Metropolitana), Peru. Materials and methods: . A cross-sectional analytic study, which included doctors from the Ministry of Health (MINSA), Social Security (EsSalud), and the private subsector, was carried out. The frequency of EWV was measured throughout the entire professional practice during the previous 12 months and during the last month...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327415/identifying-families-with-complex-needs-after-an-initial-child-abuse-investigation-a-comparison-of-demographics-and-needs-related-to-domestic-violence-mental-health-and-substance-use
#3
James David Simon, Devon Brooks
Families with complex needs related to domestic violence, mental health, and substance use have some of the worst child protective services (CPS) outcomes. Although many of these families are identified during a CPS investigation and subsequently referred to home-based postinvestigation services (HBPS), many are re-reported to CPS, so it is important to understand the postinvestigation experiences of this vulnerable group. Therefore, this study compared families with and without complex needs to understand their uniquedemographics, needs, and postinvestigation outcomes...
March 16, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326121/relationship-between-school-violence-and-depressive-symptoms-among-multicultural-families-offspring-in-south-korea
#4
Cheol-Soon Lee, Dongyun Lee, Ji-Young Seo, In-Young Ahn, Soo-Young Bhang
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of school violence on depressive symptoms among the offspring of multicultural families in South Korea. Data from the National Survey of Multicultural Families 2012, conducted by the Korean Women's Development Institute and Statistics Korea, were used in this study. Complex samples logistic regression was performed to determine the effect of school violence on depressive mood. The survey participants were 3999 students between the ages of 9 and 24. Of the participants, 22...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320870/clinical-considerations-related-to-the-behavioral-manifestations-of-child-maltreatment
#5
Robert D Sege, Lisa Amaya-Jackson
Children who have suffered early abuse or neglect may later present with significant health and behavior problems that may persist long after the abusive or neglectful environment has been remediated. Neurobiological research suggests that early maltreatment may result in an altered psychological and physiologic response to stressful stimuli, a response that deleteriously affects the child's subsequent development. Pediatricians can assist caregivers by helping them recognize the abused or neglected child's emotional and behavioral responses associated with child maltreatment and guide them in the use of positive parenting strategies, referring the children and families to evidence-based therapeutic treatment and mobilizing available community resources...
March 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318356/sexual-violence-against-adolescent-girls-labeling-it-to-avoid-normalization
#6
Giussy Barbara, Federica Collini, Cristina Cattaneo, Federica Facchin, Paolo Vercellini, Laura Chiappa, Alessandra Kustermann
Violence against women is a pervasive complex phenomenon that destroys women's feelings of love, trust, and self-esteem. In this commentary, we specifically focus on sexual violence against adolescent girls, whose impact is particularly harmful since it may lead to impaired mental health, social functioning, and neurodevelopment. Between 12% and 25% of adolescent girls throughout the world experience sexual violence, very often perpetrated by a family member or a friend. Moreover, for an alarming proportion of girls, the first sexual experience is coerced...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317499/a-multi-country-study-of-harms-to-children-because-of-others-drinking
#7
Anne-Marie Laslett, Georgia Rankin, Orratai Waleewong, Sarah Callinan, Hanh T M Hoang, Ramon Florenzano, Siri Hettige, Isidore Obot, Latsamy Siengsounthone, Akanidomo Ibanga, Ann Hope, Jonas Landberg, Hanh T M Vu, Thaksaphon Thamarangsi, Dag Rekve, Robin Room
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to ascertain and compare the prevalence and correlates of alcohol-related harms to children cross-nationally. METHOD: National and regional sample surveys of randomly selected households included 7,848 carers (4,223 women) from eight countries (Australia, Chile, Ireland, Lao People's Democratic Republic [PDR], Nigeria, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam). Country response rates ranged from 35% to 99%. Face-to-face or telephone surveys asking about harm from others' drinking to children ages 0-17 years were conducted, including four specific harms: that because of others' drinking in the past year children had been (a) physically hurt, (b) verbally abused, (c) exposed to domestic violence, or (d) left unsupervised...
March 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292704/victimization-and-adversity-among-children-experiencing-war-related-parental-absence-or-deployment-in-a-nationally-representative-us-sample
#8
Heather A Turner, David Finkelhor, Sherry Hamby, Megan Henly
This study compares children and youth who have experienced lifetime war-related parental absence or deployment with those having no such history on a variety of victimization types, non-victimization adversity, trauma symptoms, and delinquency; and assesses whether cumulative adversity and victimization help to explain elevated emotional and behavioral problems among children of parents who have experienced war-related absence or deployment. The National Surveys of Children's Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV) are comprised of three cross-sectional telephone surveys conducted in 2008, 2011, and 2014...
March 11, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290936/prevalence-and-predictors-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-a-military-urogynecology-clinic
#9
Monica A Lutgendorf, Marie A Snipes, Amy L O'Boyle
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is common, with prevalence in women of 15 to 71% over the lifespan, 4 to 54% currently. Violence is associated with poor health, and may be more common in military populations. A history of abuse is also common in patients with pain, urinary/bowel symptoms, and dyspareunia. Our purpose was to determine the prevalence and predictors of abuse in a military urogynecology clinic. METHODS: Patients presenting to a military urogynecology clinic were screened for IPV with the 4-item Hurt-Insult-Threaten-Scream (HITS) screen...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290645/preventive-health-care-for-women-who-have-sex-with-women
#10
Daniel A Knight, Diane Jarrett
Despite recent shifts in societal attitudes toward same-sex relationships, women who have sex with women face a variety of barriers to optimal health, including a history of negatively perceived interactions in clinical settings that lead them to delay or avoid health care. Women who have sex with women may be at disproportionate risk of obesity, tobacco use, substance use, mental health issues, intimate partner violence, sexually transmitted infections, and some cancers. Disparities can exist throughout the lifetime...
March 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289851/withdrawal-of-artificial-nutrition-and-hydration-in-neonatal-intensive-care-parents-and-healthcare-practitioners-views
#11
Véronique Fournier, Elisabeth Belghiti, Laurence Brunet, Marta Spranzi
Withdrawing Artificial Nutrition and Hydration (WANH) in the neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) has long been controversial. In France, the practice has become a legal option since 2005. But even though, the question remains as to what the stakeholders' experience is, and whether they consider it ethically appropriate. In order to contribute to the debate, we initiated a study in 2009 to evaluate parental and health care professionals (HCP) perspectives, after they experienced WAHN for a newborn. The study included 25 cases from 5 different clinical neonatology departments...
March 13, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287778/physical-family-violence-and-externalizing-and-internalizing-behaviors-among-children-and-adolescents
#12
Lynette M Renner, Shamra Boel-Studt
Family violence has been associated with various negative outcomes among children and adolescents. Yet, less is known about how unique forms of physical family violence contribute to externalizing and internalizing behaviors based on a child's developmental stage. Using data from the Illinois Families Study and administrative Child Protective Services data, we explored the relation between 3 types of physical family violence victimization and externalizing and internalizing behaviors among a sample of 2,402 children and adolescents...
March 13, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279865/post-traumatic-stress-as-a-pathway-to-psychopathology-among-adolescents-at-high-risk-for-victimization
#13
Kelly D Cromer, Miguel T Villodas
OBJECTIVE: Victimization by violence elevates adolescents' risk for developing internalizing and externalizing psychopathology. Recent findings suggest that disruptions in developmental processes associated with post-traumatic stress (PTS) reactions may partially account for the relationship between victimization and the subsequent development of psychopathology during adolescence. The present study tested the temporal sequencing of these associations using multi-informant measurements in a large, diverse sample of adolescents at high-risk for victimization...
March 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279677/ready-willing-and-able-a-survey-of-clinicians-perceptions-about-domestic-violence-screening-in-a-regional-hospital-emergency-department
#14
Elham Saberi, Nicole Eather, Sharene Pascoe, Mary-Louise McFadzean, Frances Doran, Marie Hutchinson
BACKGROUND: Domestic violence (DV) has significant health impacts for victims and their families. Despite evidence that routine screening increases the identification of DV and opportunities for support; routine screening is uncommon in Australian emergency departments (EDs). This study explored ED clinicians' level of support for DV screening; current screening practices; and perceived barriers and readiness to screen prior to a pilot intervention. METHODS: Census survey of 76 ED clinicians...
March 6, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279200/the-benefits-of-early-book-sharing-bebs-for-child-cognitive-and-socio-emotional-development-in-south-africa-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Nicholas Dowdall, Peter J Cooper, Mark Tomlinson, Sarah Skeen, Frances Gardner, Lynne Murray
BACKGROUND: Children in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) are at risk for problems in their cognitive, social and behavioural development. Factors such as a lack of cognitive stimulation, harsh parenting practices, and severe and persistent aggression in early childhood are central to the genesis of these problems. Interventions that target the intersection between early childhood development, parenting, and early violence prevention are required in order to meaningfully address these problems...
March 9, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277947/dissociation-in-families-experiencing-intimate-partner-violence
#16
Alison Miller
This paper, using an illustrative case study, presents the hypothesis that cyclical spouse abusers suffer from a dissociative condition (or perhaps a personality disorder in which dissociation is a prominent feature) that results from disorganized attachment. The partner of the spouse abuser tries various unsuccessful strategies to appease her spouse in order to change his behavior. If the relationship lasts for years, she adapts by developing a milder but parallel dissociative process, developing chains of state-dependent memory and resultant ego states for the different phases of the domestic abuse cycle...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277715/predicting-domestic-and-community-violence-by-soldiers-living-in-a-conflict-region
#17
Corina Nandi, Thomas Elbert, Manassé Bambonye, Roland Weierstall, Manfred Reichert, Anja Zeller, Anselm Crombach
OBJECTIVE: Past research revealed war trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms as potential predictors for domestic and community violence in crisis regions and among soldiers in different armed conflicts. The impact of family violence and other adversities experienced in childhood as well as of a combat-enhanced appeal for aggressive behavior (appetitive aggression) remains to be specified. METHOD: In the present study, the authors separately predicted violence against children, intimate partner violence and community violence in 381 Burundian soldiers returning from foreign deployment and living in a post- conflict region...
March 9, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276919/-they-say-god-punishes-people-with-hiv-experiences-of-stigma-and-discrimination-among-adults-with-hiv-in-dili-timor-leste
#18
Kate Williams, Bridget G Haire, Sally Nathan
Little is known about the experiences of people with HIV in the small island nation of Timor-Leste. This study explored the HIV-related stigma experiences of adults aged between 18 and 40 living with HIV in Dili, Timor-Leste. Participants were interviewed on topics related to living with HIV, both as key informants describing the experience of others with HIV known to them, and also with respect to their own personal experiences. Findings suggest that people with HIV in Timor-Leste face stigma and discrimination in various contexts...
February 22, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276255/evaluation-of-an-evidence-based-intervention-implemented-with-african-american-women-to-prevent-substance-abuse-strengthen-relationship-skills-and-reduce-risk-for-hiv-aids
#19
David A Collins, Stephen R Shamblen, Ted N Strader, Brooke B Arnold
African-American females in the U.S. are disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS, and a large majority of new infections in this population are attributed to heterosexual contact. Risk factors include substance abuse, lack of knowledge about male partners' possible HIV infection risk, incarceration, disruptions of social networks, and intimate partner violence. This study assessed the effects of a comprehensive, evidence-based prevention intervention, Creating Lasting Family Connections (CLFC) that was implemented with sensitivity to African-American females, using a quasi-experimental design...
February 7, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274220/social-support-and-intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy-among-women-attending-antenatal-care-in-moshi-municipality-northern-tanzania
#20
Geofrey Nimrod Sigalla, Vibeke Rasch, Tine Gammeltoft, Dan Wolf Meyrowitsch, Jane Rogathi, Rachel Manongi, Declare Mushi
BACKGROUND: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is a significant public health problem with negative health consequences for women and their pregnancies. While social support has a protective effect against IPV and reduces health consequences of violence, its association with experiencing IPV during pregnancy remain less explored. In our study we aimed to determine the effect of social support on IPV during pregnancy among women attending antenatal care in Moshi, Tanzania METHODS: The study was part of a prospective cohort study that assessed the impact of violence on reproductive health of 1,116 participants...
March 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
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