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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028364/the-effectiveness-of-empowerment-program-on-increasing-self-esteem-learned-resourcefulness-and-coping-ways-in-women-exposed-to-domestic-violence
#1
Emel Bahadir-Yilmaz, Fatma Öz
This study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of empowerment program on increasing self-esteem, learned resourcefulness, and coping ways in women exposed to domestic violence. This experimental study was conducted between October 2012 and June 2014 in the obstetrics and gynaecology departments of the Giresun Maternity Hospital, and at the Family Counseling Center (FCC) in Turkey. Sixty women who agreed to participate in the study were randomly assigned into two groups. Data were collected by the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory (SEI), The Rosenbaum's Learned Resourcefulness Scale (RLRS), and the Ways of Coping Inventory (WCI)...
October 13, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026753/does-violence-affect-the-use-of-contraception-identifying-the-hidden-factors-from-rural-india
#2
Nishikant Singh, Sudheer Kumar Shukla
PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to investigates the relationship between domestic violence and use of contraception among married women in rural India. DATA: Third round of National Family Health Survey (NFHS-III). METHODOLOGY: Cross tabulation as bivariate analysis and Binary Logistic Regression as multivariate analysis has been employed to fulfill the objective. FINDINGS: The result shows that there are several hidden factors...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024176/family-instability-and-exposure-to-violence-in-the-early-life-course
#3
Shannon E Cavanagh, Haley Stritzel, Chelsea Smith, Robert Crosnoe
Family instability has been linked with a host of outcomes across the early life course. This study extends this literature by connecting instability with violence in the community by examining the associations among family structure, family structure change, and secondary exposure to violence during adolescence across diverse segments of the population. Using longitudinal data from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods study, we found that living with a single parent and experiencing family structure changes were associated with secondary exposure to violence...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023582/presence-of-children-in-the-home-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-women-seeking-elective-pregnancy-termination
#4
Corinne Peek-Asa, Audrey F Saftlas, Anne B Wallis, Karisa Harland, Penny Dickey
INTRODUCTION: Growing evidence identifies adverse health effects for children who witness intimate partner violence at home. Research has also identified that women seeking elective pregnancy termination are at high risk for partner violence. However, little is known about the risk for violence exposure among the children of women seeking elective pregnancy termination. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 957 women seeking elective pregnancy termination at a large family planning clinic...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021010/exposure-to-community-violence-among-low-income-african-american-youth-in-chicago-a-latent-class-analysis
#5
Dexter R Voisin, Dong Ha Kim, Lynn Michalopoulos, Sadiq Patel
African American youth are exposed to some of the highest rates of exposure to community violence. However, few studieshave explored factors related to exposures and various subtypes of exposures to community violence (i.e., no exposure, witnessing only and being a witness/victim). Among a matched sample of 129 African American youth and their caregivers, no exposure to community violence was correlated with being heterosexual versus being a lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) person, having parents who owned their homes versus rented, and having higher authoritarian parenting attitudes...
October 11, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019632/racial-and-ethnic-health-disparities-and-trauma-informed-care-for-children-exposed-to-community-violence
#6
Bradley C Stolbach, Seeba Anam
Racial and ethnic disparities in health outcomes and access have been consistently documented for a wide variety of physical and behavioral health conditions. Health inequities are most pronounced in areas with high levels of racial and ethnic segregation, where children and adolescents are also more likely to face economic inequality, which places them at high risk for exposure to neighborhood violence and traumatic loss. Community violence exposure (CVE) has been increasingly recognized as a prominent contributor to negative physical and mental health outcomes...
October 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018393/intergenerational-transmission-of-resilience-sense-of-coherence-is-associated-between-lithuanian-survivors-of-political-violence-and-their-adult-offspring
#7
Evaldas Kazlauskas, Danute Gailiene, Ieva Vaskeliene, Monika Skeryte-Kazlauskiene
Little is known about intergeneration effects on mental health in the families of survivors of political oppression of communist regime in Central and Eastern Europe. We aimed to explore post-traumatic stress in the second generation of the Lithuanian survivors of political violence, and analyze links between parental and adult offsprings' sense of coherence in the families exposed to political violence during the oppressive communist regime in Lithuania. A total of 110 matched pairs of communist regime political violence survivors (mean age = 73...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017642/random-acts-of-violence-examining-probabilistic-independence-of-the-temporal-distribution-of-mass-killing-events-in-the-united-states
#8
Douglas M King, Sheldon H Jacobson
Recent mass killings, such as those in Newtown, Connecticut, and Aurora, Colorado, have brought new attention to mass killings in the United States. This article examines 323 mass killings taking place between January 1, 2006, and October 4, 2016, to assess how they are distributed over time. In particular, we find that they appear to be uniformly distributed over time, which suggests that their rate has remained stable over the past decade. Moreover, analysis of subsets of these mass killings sharing a common trait (e...
October 10, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017333/predicting-sexual-revictimization-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-longitudinal-examination-using-ecological-systems-theory
#9
Samantha L Pittenger, Jessica K Pogue, David J Hansen
A substantial proportion of sexual abuse victims report repeat sexual victimization within childhood or adolescence; however, there is limited understanding of factors contributing to revictimization for youth. Thus, the present study examined predictors of sexual revictimization prior to adulthood using ecological systems theory. Records of 1,915 youth presenting to a Child Advocacy Center (CAC) were reviewed to identify individual, familial, and community factors as well as initial abuse characteristics associated with risk for revictimization...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981896/protective-factors-for-psychotic-symptoms-among-poly-victimized-children
#10
Eloise Crush, Louise Arseneault, Sara R Jaffee, Andrea Danese, Helen L Fisher
Background: Experiencing victimization in early life has been repeatedly shown to be associated with the emergence of psychotic symptoms in childhood. However, most victimized children do not develop psychotic symptoms and why this occurs is not fully understood. This study investigated which individual, family-level, and wider community characteristics were associated with an absence of psychotic symptoms among children at risk for psychosis by virtue of their exposure to multiple victimization experiences (poly-victimization)...
August 31, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977323/degradation-of-parental-bonding-and-violence-against-children-the-use-of-family-genogram-in-the-pediatric-clinic
#11
Égle Thomaz Leoncio, Sonia Regina Pereira de Souza, José Lúcio Martins Machado
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the importance of using the family genogram in pediatric consultation, as an analysis tool to evaluate the degradation of parental bonding and also violence against children. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in 2011 wherein 63 children, aged between 2 and 6 years, enrolled in a slum nursery, was studied. In order to construct the genogram, data were collected in four stages: pediatric evaluation at nursery; interview with caregivers; interview with teachers; and interview with the nursery coordinator...
April 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976977/children-bereaved-by-fatal-intimate-partner-violence-a-population-based-study-into-demographics-family-characteristics-and-homicide-exposure
#12
Eva Alisic, Arend Groot, Hanneke Snetselaar, Tielke Stroeken, Elise van de Putte
BACKGROUND: In the context of violence against women, intimate partner homicide increasingly receives research and policy attention. Although the impact of losing a parent due to intimate partner homicide is intuitively obvious, little is known about the children involved. We aimed to identify all children bereaved by parental intimate partner homicide in the Netherlands in the period 2003-2012, describe their demographics and family circumstances, and assess their exposure to prior violence at home and to the homicide itself...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975444/economic-hardship-in-childhood-a-neglected-issue-in-ace-studies
#13
Paula Braveman, Katherine Heck, Susan Egerter, Christine Rinki, Kristen Marchi, Mike Curtis
Objectives Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been linked with ill-health in adulthood, but ACE literature has focused on family disruption or dysfunction (e.g., child abuse, parental separation), with less attention to economic adversity. We examined whether a mother's economic hardship in childhood (EHC) was associated with women's hardships and health-risk behaviors during/just before pregnancy. Methods We analyzed population-based survey data on 27,102 postpartum California women. EHC included respondents' reports that during childhood they/their families experienced hunger because of inability to afford food or moved because of problems paying rent/mortgage and the frequency of difficulty paying for basic needs...
October 3, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974166/psychosocial-profile-of-institutionalised-street-children-in-alexandria-egypt-a-comparative-study-with-school-children
#14
Medhat S Attia, Kholoud Y Tayel, Zeinab N Shata, Sally S Othman
OBJECTIVE: The phenomenon of street children in Egypt constitutes a public health concern. This study aimed to investigate the characteristics of institutionalised street children in Alexandria, to compare the prevalence of substance abuse and conduct disorder between street children and school children, and to identify predictors of these mental health outcomes among street children. METHODS: Institutionalised street children (n = 102) participated in a cross-sectional comparative study with a matched group of school children (n = 156)...
September 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973358/hiv-aids-national-strategic-plans-of-sub-saharan-african-countries-an-analysis-for-gender-equality-and-sex-disaggregated-hiv-targets
#15
Jennifer Sherwood, Alana Sharp, Bergen Cooper, Beirne Roose-Snyder, Susan Blumenthal
National Strategic Plans (NSPs) for HIV/AIDS are country planning documents that set priorities for programmes and services, including a set of targets to quantify progress toward national and international goals. The inclusion of sex-disaggregated targets and targets to combat gender inequality is important given the high disease burden among young women and adolescent girls in Sub-Saharan Africa, yet no comprehensive gender-focused analysis of NSP targets has been performed. This analysis quantitatively evaluates national HIV targets, included in NSPs from eighteen Sub-Saharan African countries, for sex-disaggregation...
August 31, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971267/violence-towards-family-caregivers-by-their-relative-with-schizophrenia-in-japan
#16
Masako Kageyama, Phyllis Solomon, Keiko Yokoyama, Yukako Nakamura, Sayaka Kobayashi, Chiyo Fujii
There have been several violence-related deaths in Japan due to family violence by persons with severe mental illness against their caregivers. However, it is not often acknowledged that these violent acts are mainly directed at family members. This study aimed to clarify what acts of violence family caregivers experienced from their relative with schizophrenia, and how frequently these violent incidents occurred in their lifetime. We also examined caregivers' thoughts of death about themselves and their relatives, as well as their consultation efforts and escape from the violence perpetrated by their relative...
October 2, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965813/documented-family-violence-and-risk-of-suicide-attempt-among-u-s-army-soldiers
#17
Robert J Ursano, Murray B Stein, Holly B Herberman Mash, James A Naifeh, Carol S Fullerton, Alan M Zaslavsky, Tsz Hin Hinz Ng, Pablo A Aliaga, Gary H Wynn, Hieu M Dinh, James E McCarroll, Nancy A Sampson, Tzu-Cheg Kao, Michael Schoenbaum, Steven G Heeringa, Ronald C Kessler
Suicide attempt (SA) rates in the U.S. Army increased substantially during the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. This study examined associations of family violence (FV) history with SA risk among soldiers. Using administrative data from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS), we identified person-month records of active duty, Regular Army, enlisted soldiers with medically documented SAs from 2004 to 2009 (n = 9650) and a sample of control person-months (n = 153,528). Logistic regression analyses examined associations of FV with SA, adjusting for socio-demographics, service-related characteristics, and prior mental health diagnosis...
September 20, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964563/can-supportive-parenting-protect-against-school-delay-amongst-violence-exposed-adolescents-in-south-africa
#18
Rocio Herrero Romero, James Hall, Lucie Cluver, Franziska Meinck
Exposure to multiple forms of violence is common amongst adolescents from socioeconomically disadvantaged communities in South Africa. Adolescents' exposure to violence at home, in school and in their communities can lead to detrimental outcomes in education. In particular, adolescents who are more frequently exposed to multiple forms of violence are at risk of school delay. This paper investigates the potential for supportive parenting to protect against adolescents' school delay in this context. With this aim, this paper applies structural equation modelling to a sample of 503 adolescents exposed to multiple forms of violence from 40 socioeconomically disadvantaged communities...
September 27, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961551/vulnerability-and-revictimization-victim-characteristics-in-a-dutch-assault-center
#19
E Zijlstra, G Esselink, M L Moors, S LoFoWong, G Hutschemaekers, A Lagro-Janssen
Sexual and family violence are highly prevalent problems with numerous negative health consequences. Assault centres, such as the Centre for Sexual and Family Violence (CSFV) in the Netherlands, have been set up to provide optimal care to victims. We wanted to gain insight into characteristics of the population that presented to the Centre in order to customize care to their needs. File analysis was conducted of victims who attended the CSFV between 2013 and 2016. Data were analyzed in SPSS. A total of 121 victims entered the Centre, 93% of them being female...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959384/associations-between-societal-disapproval-and-changes-in-symptoms-of-ptsd-and-appetitive-aggression-following-treatment-among-high-risk-south-african-males
#20
Jessica Sommer, Martina Hinsberger, Leon Holtzhausen, Debra Kaminer, Soraya Seedat, Thomas Elbert, Mareike Augsburger, Andreas Maercker, Roland Weierstall
Background: In violent communities, social rejection as a person with victim-offender attributes is associated with more intense symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and a higher propensity towards violence, i.e. appetitive aggression. Successful community reintegration encompassing adequate social acknowledgment of individuals with both a history of violence exposure and perpetration may be necessary to enhance the treatment effects of interventions addressing PTSD and aggression. Objective: In this study, the effects of treatment and post-treatment traumatic events, violent offenses, and social acknowledgment (with sub-dimensions of general disapproval, family disapproval, and recognition as a person with both a history of violence exposure and commission) on changes in PTSD symptom severity and appetitive aggression from baseline to 8-month follow-up were investigated...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
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