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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919242/reducing-child-abuse-amongst-adolescents-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-pre-post-trial-in-south-africa
#1
Lucie Cluver, Franziska Meinck, Alexa Yakubovich, Jenny Doubt, Alice Redfern, Catherine Ward, Nasteha Salah, Sachin De Stone, Tshiamo Petersen, Phelisa Mpimpilashe, Rocio Herrero Romero, Lulu Ncobo, Jamie Lachman, Sibongile Tsoanyane, Yulia Shenderovich, Heidi Loening, Jasmina Byrne, Lorraine Sherr, Lauren Kaplan, Frances Gardner
BACKGROUND: No known studies have tested the effectiveness of child abuse prevention programmes for adolescents in low- or middle-income countries. 'Parenting for Lifelong Health' ( http://tiny.cc/whoPLH ) is a collaborative project to develop and rigorously test abuse-prevention parenting programmes for free use in low-resource contexts. Research aims of this first pre-post trial in South Africa were: i) to identify indicative effects of the programme on child abuse and related outcomes; ii) to investigate programme safety for testing in a future randomised trial, and iii) to identify potential adaptations...
July 13, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911678/negative-religious-rhetoric-in-the-lives-of-black-cisgender-queer-emerging-adult-men-a-qualitative-analysis
#2
Ja'Nina J Garrett-Walker, Vanessa M Torres
Given the intersection of racial, religious, and sexual identities for Black queer populations, the current study examines sexuality related religious rhetoric. Twenty Black cisgender queer men were recruited to participate in a qualitative interview. Using thematic analysis, the research team identified four themes: negative religious rhetoric, personal consequences of negative religious rhetoric, social consequences of negative religious rhetoric, and growth from negative religious rhetoric. Participants explained the pervasiveness of negative religious rhetoric within their churches and family structures...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909179/disclosure-recipients-social-reactions-to-victims-disclosures-of-intimate-partner-violence
#3
Katie M Edwards, Christina M Dardis
Prior research indicates that victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) are most likely to disclose their victimization experiences to an informal support (e.g., friend, family), and that IPV disclosures are often met with both positive (e.g., empathic support) and negative (e.g., victim blame) reactions. However, research on social reactions to disclosure largely has neglected the perspectives of disclosure recipients. Guided by the attribution framework, the current study extends prior research by assessing factors (i...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905813/family-violence-prevention-and-services-programs-final-rule
#4
(no author information available yet)
This rule will better prevent and protect survivors of family violence, domestic violence, and dating violence, by clarifying that all survivors must have access to services and programs funded under the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act. More specifically, the rule enhances accessibility and non-discrimination provisions, clarifies confidentiality rules, promotes coordination among community-based organizations, State Domestic Violence Coalitions, States, and Tribes, as well as incorporates new discretionary grant programs...
November 2, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901629/developing-and-testing-of-an-economic-index-tool-for-abused-women-with-children
#5
John Maddoux, Heidi Gilroy, Judith McFarlane, Fuqin Liu
: Violence and poverty combine to severely compromise the safety, health, and functioning of women with major pass-through effects to their children. To reduce poverty and mitigate violence, measures are needed to assess economic status before and after intervention programs. The purpose of the study was to develop a new tool to assess women's various sources of income, to measure the degree to which the components of the tool are independent, and assess the usefulness of the tool to assess the connection of economic status and mental health functioning among abused women...
November 30, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899120/violence-narratives-of-mexican-women-treated-in-mutual-aid-residential-centers-for-addiction-treatment
#6
Ignacio Lozano-Verduzco, Martha Romero-Mendoza, Rodrigo Marín-Navarrete
BACKGROUND: Violence against women is a social and public health issue in Mexico. The aim of this article is to explore violence among an understudied group of women, who attended Mutual-Aid Residential Centers for Addiction Treatment and experienced stigma both as women and addicts. These centers are particular kind of addiction treatment services that stem from 12-step philosophy, but that have been found to manipulate said philosophy and exercise extreme forms of psychological and physical violence...
November 30, 2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899112/a-comparison-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-associated-physical-injuries-between-cohabitating-and-married-women-a-5-year-medical-chart-review
#7
Janet Yuen-Ha Wong, Anna Wai-Man Choi, Daniel Yee-Tak Fong, Edmond Pui Hang Choi, John Kit-Shing Wong, Fung Ling So, Chu-Leung Lau, Chak-Wah Kam
BACKGROUND: Cohabitation, referring to a co-residential romantic relationship between two intimate partners without a marriage license, has become widely accepted in contemporary societies. It has been found that cohabitating women have a higher risk of experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) than married women. However, as yet, no studies have investigated the level and pattern of IPV-associated physical injuries and its mental health impact on cohabitating women. Therefore, we aim to compare IPV-associated physical injuries between cohabitating and married women by conducting a review of 5-year medical records from the emergency departments of two major public hospitals in Hong Kong...
November 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893861/attitudes-towards-intimate-partner-violence-against-women-among-women-and-men-in-39-low-and-middle-income-countries
#8
Thach Duc Tran, Hau Nguyen, Jane Fisher
BACKGROUND: Violence against women perpetrated by an intimate partner (IPV) is prevalent in low- and middle-income countries (LAMIC). The aim was to describe the attitudes of women and men towards perpetration of physical violence to women by an intimate partner, in a large group of low- and middle-income countries. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We used data from Round Four of the UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys. Attitudes towards IPV against women were assessed by a study-specific scale asking if 'wife beating' is justified in any of five circumstances...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891354/emerging-trends-of-intentional-firearm-injuries-in-northern-india-a-study
#9
Iram Khan, Mohammad Shakeel, Jawed Ahmad Usmani, Syed Abrar Hasan
INTRODUCTION: Many developing countries are facing rise in firearm injury cases owing to communal and ethnic clashes, political violence, armed robberies and suicide causing huge economic loss to society. On the basis of intention, injuries can be categorized as intentional and unintentional or accidental injuries. Intentional injuries will include suicidal, homicidal and assault related injuries. AIM: This study was undertaken to document the trends and patterns associated with intentional firearm injuries in order to suggest ways to curb the emerging trends...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884509/serious-physical-violence-among-arab-palestinian-adolescents-the-role-of-exposure-to-neighborhood-violence-perceived-ethnic-discrimination-normative-beliefs-and-parental-communication
#10
Adeem Ahmad Massarwi, Mona Khoury-Kassabri
This study adopted a social-ecological perspective to exploring perpetration of serious physical violence against others among Arab-Palestinian adolescents. A total of 3178 adolescents (aged 13-18) completed anonymous, structured, self-report questionnaire, which included selected items from several instruments that measured variables relating to the constructs examined in the study. We explored the association of individual characteristics (age, gender, normative beliefs about violence, and perceived ethnic discrimination), familial characteristics (parent-adolescent communication and socioeconomic status), and contextual characteristics (exposure to community violence in the neighborhood) with perpetration of serious physical violence against others...
November 21, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884508/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-behavioral-problems-in-middle-childhood
#11
Tenah K A Hunt, Kristen S Slack, Lawrence M Berger
Children who have been exposed to maltreatment and other adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are at increased risk for various negative adult health outcomes, including cancer, liver disease, substance abuse, and depression. However, the proximal associations between ACEs and behavioral outcomes during the middle childhood years have been understudied. In addition, many of the ACE studies contain methodological limitations such as reliance on retrospective reports and limited generalizability to populations of lower socioeconomic advantage...
November 21, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884506/family-abduction-in-a-national-sample-of-us-children
#12
David Finkelhor, Megan Henly, Heather Turner, Sherry Hamby
This study examined the prevalence and characteristics of family abduction episodes occurring in a nationally representative sample of US children ages 0-17. It drew on the experiences of 13,052 children and youth from the aggregation of three cross-sectional waves (2008, 2011, and 2014) of the National Surveys of Children Exposed to Violence. The overall prevalence rate was 4.1% for a lifetime and 1.2% for a past year episode. Rates were higher for younger than older children. Parents constituted 90% of the abductors with females outnumbering males 60% to 40%, although men outnumbered women as perpetrators for certain types of abductions...
November 21, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884181/prevalence-type-and-correlates-of-trauma-exposure-among-adolescent-men-and-women-in-soweto-south-africa-implications-for-hiv-prevention
#13
Kalysha Closson, Janan Janine Dietrich, Busi Nkala, Addy Musuku, Zishan Cui, Jason Chia, Glenda Gray, Nathan J Lachowsky, Robert S Hogg, Cari L Miller, Angela Kaida
BACKGROUND: Youth trauma exposure is associated with syndemic HIV risk. We measured lifetime prevalence, type, and correlates of trauma experience by gender among adolescents living in the HIV hyper-endemic setting of Soweto, South Africa. METHODS: Using data from the Botsha Bophelo Adolescent Health Survey (BBAHS), prevalence of "ever" experiencing a traumatic event among adolescents (aged 14-19) was assessed using a modified Traumatic Event Screening Inventory-Child (TESI-C) scale (19 items, study alpha = 0...
November 25, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882865/community-perceptions-on-domestic-violence-against-pregnant-women-in-nepal-a-qualitative-study
#14
Kunta Devi Pun, Jennifer J Infanti, Rajendra Koju, Berit Schei, Elisabeth Darj
BACKGROUND: Globally, knowledge of health sector options to respond to domestic violence during pregnancy is increasing, but this topic is under-investigated in Nepal. This gap affects the provision of adequate antenatal care services and understanding of factors that influence women's willingness and ability to use available services. It is critical to know more about the social norms in a community that promote and prevent women experiencing domestic violence from seeking antenatal care...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881240/risk-factors-for-fatal-and-non-fatal-child-maltreatment-in-families-previously-investigated-by-cps-a-case-control-study
#15
Sheridan Miyamoto, Patrick S Romano, Emily Putnam-Hornstein, Holly Thurston, Madan Dharmar, Jill G Joseph
The objective of this study was to identify individual, family and caregiver risk factors for serious child maltreatment, resulting in hospitalization or death, among children and families investigated by Child Protective Services (CPS). We conducted a matched case-control study of 234 children who sustained fatal or serious nonfatal maltreatment due to physical abuse or neglect and whose mother was named in a CPS investigation between 1999 and 2013. A total of 702 children and their caregivers were included in the study with 234 cases matched 2:1,resulting in 468 controls...
November 20, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878826/a-multifaceted-risk-analysis-of-fathers-self-reported-physical-violence-toward-their-children
#16
Noora Ellonen, Kirsi Peltonen, Tarja Pösö, Staffan Janson
Existing research has shown that child maltreatment is carried out by both mothers and fathers. There is also an extensive body of literature analyzing reasons for mothers' violent behavior. Among fathers, reasons are less well studied, resulting in the lack of a comprehensive picture of paternal child abuse. In this study, 20 child-, parent-, and family-related factors have been included in a combined analysis to assess which of these may pose a risk for fathers' severe violent behavior toward their children...
November 23, 2016: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869973/-characteristics-of-the-notification-of-violence-against-children-in-the-municipality-of-ribeir%C3%A3-o-preto-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#17
Marilurdes Silva Farias, Cesário da Silva Souza, Estela Cristina Carneseca, Afonso Dinis Costa Passos, Elisabeth Meloni Vieira
OBJECTIVE: to describe the cases of violence against children reported in Ribeirão Preto-SP, Brazil. METHODS: this was a descriptive study using data provided by the Violence and Accidents Surveillance System (VIVA), of the Municipal Health Department of Ribeirão Preto-SP, Brazil, from 2006 to 2008. RESULTS: a total of 498 cases of violence against children (0-9 years old) were reported in the period, with an increase in the number of notifications, from 112 in 2006 to 197 in 2008; 79...
October 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866496/building-a-translational-science-on-children-and-youth-affected-by-political-violence-and-armed-conflict-a-commentary
#18
Ann S Masten
Articles in this timely Special Section represent an important milestone in the developmental science on children and youth involved in political violence and armed conflict. With millions of children worldwide affected by past and present wars and conflicts, there is an urgent and growing need for research to inform efforts to understand, prevent, and mitigate the possible harm of such violence to individual children, families, communities, and societies, for present as well as future generations. The four programs of research highlighted in this Special Section illustrate key advances and challenges in contemporary development research on young people growing up in the midst or aftermath of political violence...
November 21, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865013/dancing-around-families-neonatal-nurses-and-child-protection
#19
Tina Saltmarsh, Denise Wilson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the processes neonatal intensive care nurses used in their child protection role with pre-term infants. BACKGROUND: Neonatal nurses' screening for family violence is important in identifying at-risk preterm infants requiring protection upon discharge from neonatal intensive care settings. We know little about neonatal nurses and their role in child protection. DESIGN: A qualitative research design using Glaserian Grounded Theory...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864488/domestic-violence-and-families-trauma-focused-treatment-options
#20
George S Ake
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: North Carolina Medical Journal
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