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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822857/exploring-associations-of-clinical-and-social-parameters-with-violent-behaviors-among-psychiatric-patients
#1
Hong-Jie Dai, Emily Chia-Yu Su, Mohy Uddin, Jitendra Jonnagaddala, Chi-Shin Wu, Shabbir Syed-Abdul
Evidence has revealed interesting associations of clinical and social parameters with violent behaviors of patients with psychiatric disorders. Men are more violent preceding and during hospitalization, whereas women are more violent than men throughout the 3 days following a hospital admission. It has also been proven that mental disorders may be a consistent risk factor for the occurrence of violence. In order to better understand violent behaviors of patients with psychiatric disorders, it is important to investigate both the clinical symptoms and psychosocial factors that accompany violence in these patients...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818732/family-factors-and-parenting-in-ukraine
#2
Viktor Burlaka, Sandra A Graham-Bermann, Jorge Delva
The present study aimed to estimate the use of positive and negative parenting practices in Ukraine and explore relationships between parenting practices, intimate partner violence (IPV), alcohol use, and sociodemographics. Parents of children (N=320) ages 9-16 from three Ukrainian regions answered questions from the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire (APQ), the Revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS-R), Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale (FACES), and the Alcohol Use Section of the Drinking and Drug History and Current Use Patterns questionnaire...
August 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817317/living-outside-the-gender-box-in-mexico-testimony-of-transgender-mexican-asylum-seekers
#3
Marshall K Cheney, Mary J Gowin, E Laurette Taylor, Melissa Frey, Jamie Dunnington, Ghadah Alshuwaiyer, J Kathleen Huber, Mary Camero Garcia, Grady C Wray
OBJECTIVES: To explore preimmigration experiences of violence and postimmigration health status in male-to-female transgender individuals (n = 45) from Mexico applying for asylum in the United States. METHODS: We used a document review process to examine asylum declarations and psychological evaluations of transgender Mexican asylum seekers in the United States from 2012. We coded documents in 2013 and 2014 using NVivo, a multidisciplinary team reviewed them, and then we analyzed them for themes...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816617/the-norwegian-police-and-victims-of-elder-abuse-in-close-and-familial-relationships
#4
Geir Aas
Over recent decades domestic violence or family violence, violence against women and child abuse has received much attention in the media, in political discourse and in social research. However, abuse of older adults arouses limited interest. In government action against domestic violence and in police guidance manuals, the elderly receive little attention. The aim of this article is primarily to demonstrate how the police attempt to prevent elder abuse in close relationships, especially in parent-child relationships...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816488/direct-and-indirect-effects-of-child-abuse-and-environmental-stress-a-lifecourse-perspective-on-adversity-and-depressive-symptoms
#5
Cindy Sousa, W Alex Mason, Todd I Herrenkohl, Dana Prince, Roy C Herrenkohl, M Jean Russo
There is a great deal of evidence about the mental health implications of physical child abuse and environmental stressors, or hardships that people experience at the household and neighborhood level (e.g., neighborhood violence; economic hardship, substance abuse, or conflict among family members). Yet, studies often focus on either abuse or environmental stress, not both, or examine abuse and environmental stressors as a combined set of experiences. Less is known, therefore, about how child abuse and environmental stress might work as either distinct or interrelated risks to diminish mental health over time...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812445/-half-a-woman-half-a-man-that-is-how-they-make-me-feel-a-qualitative-study-of-rural-jordanian-women-s-experience-of-infertility
#6
Mayada A Daibes, Reema R Safadi, Tarek Athamneh, Iman F Anees, Rose E Constantino
Infertility is a health problem encompassing physical, psychological and social consequences that may threaten women's quality of life. Few studies have been conducted in Jordan examining rural women's experiences of infertility. This study aimed to explore responses to infertility and its consequences in the Jordanian rural sociocultural context. Using a descriptive qualitative design, data were collected between April and September 2016 from a fertility clinic in a military hospital in Northern Jordan. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 purposively selected Jordanian women...
August 16, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801868/resilience-in-women-who-experience-domestic-violence
#7
Konstantinos Tsirigotis, Joanna Łuczak
Violence in the family constitutes a serious social and psychological problem with harmful consequences leading, among others, to changes in the psychological functioning of the victim and, secondarily, also the perpetrator. The aim of this study was to examine resilience in women experiencing domestic violence. The "Ego Resiliency Scale" (ERS) was used to study the group of women suffering domestic violence. The study group included 52 women aged 30-65 years (mean age: 40.15) using assistance of the Crisis Intervention Centre due to experienced domestic violence...
August 12, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799477/partner-abuse-among-hiv-positive-sexual-minority-men-that-was-all-i-deserved
#8
David W Pantalone, Sarah E Valentine, Michelle A Jackson, Michele P Andrasik, Jane M Simoni
Living with HIV can be both a precipitant and a consequence of partner abuse (PA) across populations, including male-male partnerships. However, overlapping experiences of living with HIV and experiencing PA are not well characterized. We conducted 24 qualitative interviews with urban HIV-positive sexual minority men (SMM) recruited from a public hospital HIV clinic in Seattle, Washington, who reported lifetime PA histories, and analyzed them using content analysis. Participants reported psychological, physical, and sexual victimization from partners, varying in severity...
September 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799002/intolerance-and-violence-against-doctors
#9
REVIEW
Meharban Singh
Intolerance and grouse against doctors is a global phenomenon but India seems to lead the world in violence against doctors. According to World Health Organization, about 8-38% healthcare workers suffer physical violence at some point in their careers. Many more are verbally abused or threatened. Public is almost behaving like health sector terrorists. The spate of increasing attacks on doctors by damaging their property and causing physical injury is not acceptable by any civilized society. The public is becoming increasingly intolerant to a large number of social issues because of poor governance and vote bank politics...
August 11, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793109/older-adults-abuse-in-three-brazilian-cities
#10
Rosalina Aparecida Partezani Rodrigues, Edilene Araújo Monteiro, Ana Maria Ribeiro Dos Santos, Maria de Lourdes de Farias Pontes, Jack Roberto Silva Fhon, Alisson Fernandes Bolina, Fernanda Laporti Seredynskyj, Vanessa Costa Almeida, Suelen Borelli Lima Giacomini, Giovanna Partezani Cardoso Defina, Luipa Michele Silva
Objective: To analyze the police reports filed by older adults who suffered abuse in order to identify the socio-demographic characteristics of victims and aggressors, type of violence, location, as well as to compare rates in three Brazilian cities in the period from 2009 to 2013. Method: Ecological study, in which 2,612 police reports registered in Police Stations were analyzed. An instrument was used to obtain data from the victim, the aggressor and the type of violence...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791542/etiology-of-teen-dating-violence-among-adolescent-children-of-alcoholics
#11
Jennifer A Livingston, Rina D Eiden, Jared Lessard, Meghan Casey, James Henrie, Kenneth E Leonard
Family processes in early life have been implicated in adolescent involvement in teen dating violence, yet the developmental pathways through which this occurs are not well understood. In this study, etiological pathways from parental psychopathology and marital conflict in infancy to involvement in dating violence in late adolescence were examined in a sample of children at high-risk due to parental alcohol problems. Families (N = 227) recruited when the child was 12 months of age were assessed at 12-, 24-, 36-months, kindergarten, 6th, 8th, and 12th grades...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781897/a-medicolegal-study-of-domestic-violence-in-south-region-of-jordan
#12
Hasan Al-Hawari, Asmaa El-Banna
BACKGROUND: Domestic violence is a forced pattern of behavior that happened in domestic settings to gain or maintain power and control over an individual. The aim of this work is to study the magnitude of domestic violence in south region of Jordan. METHODS: The retrospective study was retrieved from the medico-legal reports of domestic violence cases referred to the Directorate of Forensic Medicine in south region of Jordan during six years period starting from 1st of January 2010 till the end of December 2015...
2017: Egyptian journal of forensic sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777333/workplace-violence-toward-physicians-and-nurses-prevalence-and-correlates-in-macau
#13
Teris Cheung, Paul H Lee, Paul S F Yip
This paper sets out to estimate the prevalence of workplace violence in relation to socio-demographic characteristics of physicians and nurses working in healthcare settings in Macau. Background: Concerted efforts worldwide to reduce workplace violence (WPV) have not yet removed medical-related professionals from the threat of patients', family members', and colleagues' physical and other assaults in Southeast Asia. Methods: The study employs a cross-sectional design to estimate the prevalence and examines the socio-economic and psychological correlates of WPV among medical doctors and nurses in Macau...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771842/challenges-in-interprofessional-collaboration-experiences-of-care-providers-and-policymakers-in-a-newly-set-up-dutch-assault-centre
#14
Elza Zijlstra, Sylvie Lo Fo Wong, Anne Teerling, Giel Hutschemaekers, Antoine Lagro-Janssen
BACKGROUND: Sexual and family violence are problems that affect many women and men, and the negative health consequences of violence are numerous. As adequate acute interprofessional care can prevent negative health consequences and improve forensic medical examination, a Centre for Sexual and Family Violence was set up. AIM: We aimed to improve our understanding of the challenges in interprofessional collaboration in a newly set-up centre for sexual and family violence...
August 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767962/cyber-dating-abuse-in-affective-and-sexual-relationships-a-literature-review
#15
Roberta Matassoli Duran Flach, Suely Ferreira Deslandes
Cyber culture with its related e-commerce, expanded since the 2000s through the advent of social network platforms, incites participants to engage in hyper-exposure and spectacularization of their private lives, with inherent consequences for personal image and privacy, publicizing private matters (especially those pertaining to sexuality and corporality) in the digital media. This raises the need to understand how the phenomenon of cyber dating abuse in affective and sexual relationships is conceptualized and characterized in scientific studies, which health problems are associated with it, and which social technologies are suggested for intervention...
July 27, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767001/victims-retrospective-explanations-of-sibling-sexual-violence
#16
Courtney McDonald, Katherine Martinez
While sibling sexual abuse may be the most common form of sexual violence within the family, relatively few studies have been conducted on this topic. The current study addresses this gap in the literature through analyses of thematic categories in narratives gathered from an online survey of sibling sexual violence. Survivors were asked to report why they believed their siblings had become sexually abusive toward them. Participants believed that their abusers had learned to be abusive due to their own victimization or exposure to pornography, were abusive to establish dominance over them, or had some undisclosed mental illness...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761830/studying-the-effect-of-sertraline-in-reducing-aggressive-behavior-in-patients-with-major-depression
#17
Alireza Farnam, Arezoo MehrAra, Hossein Dadashzadeh, Golamreza Chalabianlou, Salman Safikhanlou
Purpose: Depression causes dysfunction in various spheres of individual and social life, which is now considered as the fourth-leading cause of the global disease burden. Given that violence and aggression associated with depression in the community cause serious damage to the family, the prediction, early detection and effective treatment of aggressive and violent behavior are essential. The present study compared the severity of aggression before and after treatment with sertraline in patients with major depression...
June 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758882/attitude-towards-gender-roles-and-violence-against-women-and-girls-vawg-baseline-findings-from-an-rct-of-1752-youths-in-pakistan
#18
Tazeen Saeed Ali, Rozina Karmaliani, Judith Mcfarlane, Hussain M A Khuwaja, Yasmeen Somani, Esnat D Chirwa, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Violence against women is driven by gender norms that normalize and justify gender inequality and violence. Gender norms are substantially shaped during adolescence. Programs offered through schools offer an opportunity to influence gender attitudes toward gender equity if we understand these to be partly shaped by peers and the school environment. OBJECTIVE: We present an analysis of the baseline research conducted for a randomized controlled trial with 1752 grade 6 boys and girls and their attitudes toward gender roles, VAWG, and associated factors...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751659/ferenczi-s-revolutionary-therapeutic-approach
#19
Clara Mucci
Many of the revolutionary principles introduced by Ferenczi in his clinical practice have now been widely accepted especially in the field of trauma and trauma therapy. Examples of these innovative views include his emphasis on empathy as opposed to technical neutrality and his stress on the real conditions of child caring and family environmental deficits and on the consequences of interpersonal violence and abuse that lead to "identification with the aggressor" by the victim thereby resulting in the internalization of both aggressiveness and guilt (the split guilt of the abuser)...
July 27, 2017: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750617/health-system-preparedness-for-integration-of-mental-health-services-in-rural-liberia
#20
Wilfred S Gwaikolo, Brandon A Kohrt, Janice L Cooper
BACKGROUND: There are increasing efforts and attention focused on the delivery of mental health services in primary care in low resource settings (e.g., mental health Gap Action Programme, mhGAP). However, less attention is devoted to systematic approaches that identify and address barriers to the development and uptake of mental health services within primary care in low-resource settings. Our objective was to prepare for optimal uptake by identifying barriers in rural Liberia. The country's need for mental health services is compounded by a 14-year history of political violence and the largest Ebola virus disease outbreak in history...
July 27, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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