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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651921/jordanian-men-s-and-women-s-attitudes-toward-intimate-partner-violence-and-its-correlates-with-family-functioning-and-demographics
#1
Fatmeh Ahmad Alzoubi, Reem Ahmad Ali
Jordan is a developing country in the Middle East and, much like other countries in the world, has high rates of intimate partner violence (IPV). Little information is available on Jordanian men's and women's attitudes toward IPV. The purpose of this study is to examine men's and women's attitudes toward IPV in Jordan and its relationship with some demographics and family functioning. A descriptive cross-sectional correlational design with a sample of 401 men and women was used. Descriptive statistics ( M, SD), Pearson r, t test, and ANOVA were used...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651920/systemic-factors-associated-with-prosocial-skills-and-maladaptive-functioning-in-youth-exposed-to-intimate-partner-violence
#2
Kathryn H Howell, Idia B Thurston, Amanda J Hasselle, Kristina Decker, Lacy E Jamison
Children are frequently present in homes in which intimate partner violence (IPV) occurs. Following exposure to IPV, children may develop behavioral health difficulties, struggle with regulating emotions, or exhibit aggression. Despite the negative outcomes associated with witnessing IPV, many children also display resilience. Guided by Bronfenbrenner's bioecological model, this study examined person-level, process-level (microsystem), and context-level (mesosystem) factors associated with positive and negative functioning among youth exposed to IPV...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650748/exploring-the-prenatal-experience-of-women-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-in-a-southeastern-ontario-family-health-team
#3
Elaine Xie, Meg Gemmill
OBJECTIVE: To identify psychosocial challenges facing pregnant women with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) using retrospective, routinely collected electronic medical record data. DESIGN: A retrospective qualitative study using narratives and supporting documents found in the electronic medical record of an academic family health team (FHT). SETTING: Academic FHT in southeastern Ontario. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 10 women with a diagnosis of IDD, rostered to physicians at the academic FHT, who delivered a child between January 2010 and June 2015 (14 pregnancies)...
April 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650498/five-years-post-nirbhaya-critical-insights-into-the-status-of-response-to-sexual-assault
#4
Sunita Vs Bandewar, Amita Pitre, Lakshmi Lingam
It is five years since the fatal gang rape of Jyothi Singh (Nirbhaya), a physiotherapy student, on December 16, 2012, in New Delhi, the capital of India. The legal and policy reforms triggered by the Nirbhaya case will remain a watershed moment in the history of efforts towards seeking justice for survivors of gender-based violence in India. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013 and the "Guidelines and protocols: Medico-legal care for survivors/victims of sexual violence" issued by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare in March 2014 are two landmark reforms...
March 28, 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649074/parental-bereavement-in-young-children-living-in-south-africa-and-malawi-understanding-mental-health
#5
A Macedo, L Sherr, M Tomlinson, S Skeen, K J Roberts
BACKGROUND: Parental loss is a major stressful event found to increase risk of mental health problems in childhood. Yet, some children show resilient adaptation in the face of adversity across time. SETTING: This study explores predictors of mental health resilience among parentally bereaved children in South Africa and Malawi, and their cumulative effect. The study also explores whether predictors of resilience differed between orphaned and non-orphaned children...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643373/reading-willy-wonka-in-the-era-of-anti-thinking
#6
Ian S Miller
Whether encountered as a movie or novel, Roald Dahl's Charlie and the Chocolate Factory is a childhood staple of postwar Anglophone culture. Originally published in 1964, Dahl's story of "Willie Wonka" is a morality tale for our times addressed by the present essay in relation to the precariousness, violence, intergenerational faith, and materialist fantasies reflective of contemporary life in the early twenty-first century. Compensating for the precarity of contemporary life's impoverishment as assumptions of societal stability are overthrown, this chronicle of the Bucket family details: envious desire validated by large group chosen trauma; authoritarian enslavement of inferior, colonized peoples with murderous, industrial-level human experimentation; toward gratification of the greedy fantasy of unlimited sweetness under the sway of lethal identification with the aggressor...
April 11, 2018: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642770/providing-coordinated-immediate-trauma-focused-and-interdisciplinary-responses-to-children-exposed-to-severe-intimate-partner-violence-assessing-feasibility-of-a-collaborative-model
#7
Amanda M Stylianou, Elizabeth Ebright
Despite the known consequences associated with children's exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV), numerous children exposed to IPV never access victim services and/or mental health treatment. Informed by the Child Development-Community Policing Program (CD-CP), the Child Trauma Response Team (CTRT) is designed to provide a coordinated, immediate, trauma-informed, and interdisciplinary response to children, adolescents, and their impacted family members who are exposed to severe IPV. The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility of the CTRT from the perspective of the key stakeholders and to identify what facilitated and/or hindered the collaborative model...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642767/the-role-of-social-support-on-depression-among-vulnerable-caregivers-reporting-bidirectional-physical-violence
#8
Leigh E Ridings, Lana O Beasley, Som Bohora, Hannah C Espeleta, Jane F Silovsky
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a public health concern found across genders, socioeconomic strata, cultures, and ethnicities. While IPV is traditionally examined from either the victim or initiator role, it is also important to consider relationships in which both partners experience and demonstrate violence. The current study examined the relation between IPV chronicity and depression among 403 female caregivers with young children. Specifically, the current study examined the association between bidirectional IPV and depression...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629654/reproductive-decision-making-among-postpartum-hiv-infected-women-in-rural-south-africa
#9
Deborah L Jones, Violeta J Rodriguez, Suat Babayigit, Antonio Chahine, Stephen M Weiss, Karl Peltzer
Despite pregnancy spacing recommendations to optimize health outcomes among mothers and neonates, unplanned pregnancy in sub-Saharan Africa is common among women living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (WLHIV). This study examined factors associated with reproductive decision-making among WLHIV to inform pregnancy-planning interventions. WLHIV in rural South Africa (n = 165) were assessed at 12 months postpartum. The relative importance of factors associated with reproductive decision-making was estimated...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629508/contextual-risk-profiles-and-trajectories-of-adolescent-dating-violence-perpetration
#10
H Luz McNaughton Reyes, Vangie A Foshee, Nathan Markiewitz, May S Chen, Susan T Ennett
Social ecological and developmental system perspectives suggest that interactions among factors within and across multiple contexts (e.g., neighborhood, peer, family) must be considered in explaining dating violence perpetration. Yet, to date, most extant research on dating violence has focused on individual, rather than contextual predictors, and used variable-centered approaches that fail to capture the configurations of factors that may jointly explain involvement in dating violence. The current study used a person-centered approach, latent profile analysis, to identify key configurations (or profiles) of contextual risk and protective factors for dating violence perpetration across the neighborhood, school, friend and family contexts...
April 9, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622947/adjustment-profiles-of-low-income-caregivers-from-the-united-states-and-south-africa-contrasts-and-commonalities
#11
Wendy Kliewer, Joana Salifu Yendork, Anna W Wright, Basil J Pillay
Although low-income parents living in under-resourced communities in the United States and around the world face challenges, many do well while others struggle in one or more areas of functioning. The present study examined patterns of adjustment among maternal caregivers living in the United States (US) ( N = 320) and South Africa (SA) ( N = 324). Cluster analyses across four domains of functioning representing both positive and negative adjustment and conducted within country revealed similar patterns of adjustment, with a majority of caregivers (37...
February 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622049/socio-cultural-challenges-of-family-planning-initiatives-for-displaced-populations-in-conflict-situations-and-humanitarian-settings
#12
Ramin Asgary, Joan T Price
Provision of family planning services for refugee populations in conflict and humanitarian settings has been improving. Availability of services, however, does not translate into acceptability and uptake; understanding socio-cultural settings and barriers is critical to ensure utilization of services. Misconceptions and apprehensions surrounding family planning services are common. Populations may see limiting pregnancies as counterproductive in light of high child mortality or suspicious in the context of ethnic violence; larger family size has the perceived advantage of additional security for the community or ethnic group, assistance with family duties in a subsistence structure, and a social service investment for parents as they age; and there may be religious and moral objections to contraception...
April 6, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621696/forensic-medical-aspects-of-femicide-in-jordan
#13
Hafsa O Ghanem Salameh, Rakiz J Salameh, Mohannad Shwaiki, Hasan Abder-Rahman
This study aims to highlight three types of femicide in Jordan - so-called 'honour killings', fatal intimate partner violence (IPV), and domestic violence committed by male family members other than the husband (DV) - and to compare them with the killing of women in non-gender related situations such as during a robbery. The autopsy reports of 100 adult female homicide victims dealt with at Jordan University Hospital in Amman during a 10-year period from 2006 to 2015 were reviewed. Based on information contained in the police reports they were assigned to one of four categories...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617924/commentary-gaze-aversion-and-unnoticed-phenomena
#14
Desmond K Runyan
Child abuse is a social phenomenon that has been under-researched and under-supported. The scale of the problem is large with over 3 million US children reported for abuse or neglect each year. An estimated 15% of confirmed victims may be placed in out-of-home care to ensure their safety. Studies have not previously examined the impact of losing a child into foster care on maternal health and mortality. Family and maternal risk factors, such as teen pregnancy, intimate partner violence or drug and alcohol abuse, have been well documented as risk factors for maltreatment...
March 28, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611745/suicidality-and-family-violence-in-australian-immigrant-women-presenting-to-out-patient-mental-health-settings
#15
Manjula O'Connor, Samir Ibrahim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609681/exposure-to-family-violence-and-internalizing-and-externalizing-problems-among-spanish-adolescents
#16
Ainhoa Izaguirre, Esther Calvete
Exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) and child maltreatment may have devastating consequences on children's development. The aim of this research was to examine the predictive associations between exposure to violence at home (witnessing violence against the mother and/or direct victimization by the parents) and adolescent internalizing and externalizing problems. A total of 613 Spanish adolescents (13-18 years) took part in this study. Results indicate that psychological victimization by the parents predicted an increase in anxious/depressive symptoms, aggressive and rule-breaking behavior, and substance abuse at Time 2...
April 1, 2018: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609675/injury-and-psychiatric-disorder-in-low-income-women-experiencing-bidirectional-intimate-partner-violence
#17
Monic P Behnken, Yinghui Duan, Jeff R Temple, Zhao Helen Wu
This study compared severity of physical violence, intimate partner violence (IPV)-related injury, and lifetime diagnoses of psychiatric disorders among women in relationships with bidirectional, unidirectional, or no IPV. The sample includes 763 low-income women from community-based family planning clinics. Results showed that women in relationships with bidirectional IPV were more likely to experience severe physical violence and severe IPV-related injury compared to women in the unidirectional IPV category...
April 1, 2018: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609568/a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-to-assess-the-impact-on-intimate-partner-violence-of-a-10-session-participatory-gender-training-curriculum-delivered-to-women-taking-part-in-a-group-based-microfinance-loan-scheme-in-tanzania-maisha-crt01-study-protocol
#18
Sheila Harvey, Shelley Lees, Gerry Mshana, Daniel Pilger, Christian Hansen, Saidi Kapiga, Charlotte Watts
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, almost one third (30%) of women who have been in a relationship have experienced physical and/or sexual violence from an intimate partner. Given the considerable negative impacts of intimate partner violence (IPV) on women's physical health and well-being, there is an urgent need for rigorous evidence on violence prevention interventions. METHODS: The study, comprising a cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT) and in-depth qualitative study, will assess the impact on women's past year experience of physical and/or sexual IPV of a participatory gender training curriculum (MAISHA curriculum) delivered to women participating in group-based microfinance in Tanzania...
April 2, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608581/correlates-of-domestic-violence-experience-among-recently-married-women-residing-in-slums-in-pune-india
#19
Ameeta S Kalokhe, Sandhya R Iyer, Ambika R Kolhe, Sampada Dhayarkar, Anuradha Paranjape, Carlos Del Rio, Rob Stephenson, Seema Sahay
The high risk of experiencing domestic violence (DV) among married women in India who reside in slum communities underscores the need for effective, evidence-based, and culturally-tailored primary prevention. To inform such DV primary prevention strategies for this population, we herein aimed to identify correlates of DV experience in early marriage. Utilizing a cross-sectional design, potential correlates of DV experience were explored among a geographically-clustered random sample of 100 recently-married women residing in slums in Pune, India...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606032/men-of-mexican-origin-who-abuse-women-a-qualitative-study
#20
Nora Montalvo-Liendo, Debra W Matthews, Heidi Gilroy, Angeles Nava, Christyn Gangialla
BACKGROUND: Current literature indicates that intimate partner violence is a complex phenomenon that exists worldwide. PURPOSE: However, little is known about why some men of Mexican origin abuse women. This descriptive study was conducted to understand the experiences of men of Mexican origin who abuse their intimate partners. METHOD: A qualitative research design was used to conduct this study in a south Texas border community adjacent to the United States-Mexico border...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
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