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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675117/adherence-to-international-guidelines-for-the-treatment-of-uncomplicated-urinary-tract-infections-in-lebanon
#1
Wissam K Kabbara, Mohamad M Meski, Wijdan H Ramadan, Dina S Maaliki, Pascale Salameh
Objective: The purpose of this study is to evaluate antibiotic-prescribing practices and adherence to IDSA guidelines for the treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infections in Lebanon. Methods: This observational prospective study was conducted in 15 community pharmacies in Lebanon over 1 year in adult females. A regimen of nitrofurantoin 100 mg bid for 5 days or fosfomycin 3 grams single dose were considered appropriate. For the bivariate analysis, the chi-square test was used...
2018: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668905/antimicrobial-stewardship-training-for-infectious-diseases-fellows-program-directors-identify-a-curriculum-need
#2
Vera P Luther, Rachel Shnekendorf, Lilian M Abbo, Sonali Advani, Wendy S Armstrong, Alice E Barsoumian, Cole B Beeler, Rachel Bystritsky, Kartikeya Cherabuddi, Seth Cohen, Keith W Hamilton, Dilek Ince, Julie Ann Justo, Ashleigh Logan, John B Lynch, Priya Nori, Christopher A Ohl, Payal K Patel, Paul S Pottinger, Brian S Schwartz, Conor Stack, Yuan Zhou
A needs assessment survey of Infectious Diseases (ID) training program directors identified gaps concerning comprehensive and structured educational resources for training and evaluating ID fellows in antimicrobial stewardship. An IDSA-sponsored antimicrobial stewardship core curriculum was subsequently developed to address that need.
April 16, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663539/cryptococcal-infections-over-a-15-year-period-at-a-tertiary-facility-impact-of-guideline-management
#3
Ian Gassiep, Joel Douglas, Theophilus I Emeto, Katherine Crawley, Elliott G Playford
BACKGROUND: Cryptococcosis is an invasive fungal infection caused primarily by Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii species, presenting predominantly as meningoencephalitis. The aim of this study is to assess all cryptococcal infections managed at our facility from 2001-2015 to determine incidence, risk factors, and comparison of outcomes prior to and following introduction of the 2010 Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA) guidelines. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all patients diagnosed and treated for cryptococcal infection occurring between January 2001 and December 2015...
April 17, 2018: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644966/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-neurocysticercosis-2017-clinical-practice-guidelines-by-the-infectious-diseases-society-of-america-idsa-and-the-american-society-of-tropical-medicine-and-hygiene-astmh
#4
A Clinton White, Christina M Coyle, Vedantam Rajshekhar, Gagandeep Singh, W Allen Hauser, Aaron Mohanty, Hector H Garcia, Theodore E Nash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643202/comparison-of-the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-periprosthetic-tissue-culture-in-blood-culture-bottles-to-prosthesis-sonication-fluid-culture-for-diagnosis-of-prosthetic-joint-infection-using-bayesian-latent-class-modeling-and-idsa-pji-criteria-for-classification
#5
Qun Yan, Melissa J Karau, Kerryl E Greenwood-Quaintance, Jayawant N Mandrekar, Douglas Osmon, Matthew P Abdel, Robin Patel
We have previously demonstrated that culturing periprosthetic tissue in blood culture bottles (BCBs) improves sensitivity compared to conventional agar and broth culture methods for diagnosis of prosthetic joint infection (PJI). We have also shown that prosthesis sonication culture improves sensitivity compared to periprosthetic tissue culture using conventional agar and broth methods. The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of tissue culture in BCBs (subsequently referred to as tissue culture) to prostheses sonication culture (subsequently referred to as sonicate fluid culture)...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617787/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-neurocysticercosis-2017-clinical-practice-guidelines-by-the-infectious-diseases-society-of-america-idsa-and-the-american-society-of-tropical-medicine-and-hygiene-astmh
#6
A Clinton White, Christina M Coyle, Vedantam Rajshekhar, Gagandeep Singh, W Allen Hauser, Aaron Mohanty, Hector H Garcia, Theodore E Nash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609223/utility-of-community-acquired-pneumonia-severity-scores-in-guiding-disposition-from-the-emergency-department-intensive-care-or-short-stay-unit
#7
Julian M Williams, Jaimi H Greenslade, Kevin H Chu, Anthony Ft Brown, Jeffrey Lipman
OBJECTIVE: To assess community-acquired pneumonia severity scores from two perspectives: (i) prediction of ICU admission or mortality; and (ii) utility of low scores for prediction of discharge within 48 h, potentially indicating suitability for short-stay unit admission. METHODS: Patients with community-acquired pneumonia were identified from a prospective database of emergency patients admitted with infection. Pneumonia severity index (PSI), CURB-65, CORB, CURXO, SMARTCOP scores and the Infectious Diseases Society of America/American Thoracic Society (IDSA/ATS) minor criteria were calculated...
April 2, 2018: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562266/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-clostridium-difficile-infection-in-adults-and-children-2017-update-by-the-infectious-diseases-society-of-america-idsa-and-society-for-healthcare-epidemiology-of-america-shea
#8
L Clifford McDonald, Dale N Gerding, Stuart Johnson, Johan S Bakken, Karen C Carroll, Susan E Coffin, Erik R Dubberke, Kevin W Garey, Carolyn V Gould, Ciaran Kelly, Vivian Loo, Julia Shaklee Sammons, Thomas J Sandora, Mark H Wilcox
A panel of experts was convened by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA) to update the 2010 clinical practice guideline on Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in adults. The update, which has incorporated recommendations for children (following the adult recommendations for epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment), includes significant changes in the management of this infection and reflects the evolving controversy over best methods for diagnosis...
March 19, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503436/prognostic-risk-factors-in-ventilator-associated-pneumonia
#9
Ziyaattin Karakuzu, Remzi Iscimen, Halis Akalin, Nermin Kelebek Girgin, Ferda Kahveci, Melda Sinirtas
BACKGROUND Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a nosocomial infection commonly seen in patients in intensive care units (ICU). This study aimed to analyze factors affecting prognosis of patients diagnosed with VAP. MATERIAL AND METHODS Critically ill patients with VAP were retrospectively evaluated between June 2002 and June 2011 in the ICU. VAP diagnosis was made according to 2005 ATS/IDSA (Infectious Diseases Society of America/American Thoracic Society) criteria. First pneumonia attacks of patients were analyzed...
March 5, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481580/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-neurocysticercosis-2017-clinical-practice-guidelines-by-the-infectious-diseases-society-of-america-idsa-and-the-american-society-of-tropical-medicine-and-hygiene-astmh
#10
A Clinton White, Christina M Coyle, Vedantam Rajshekhar, Gagandeep Singh, W Allen Hauser, Aaron Mohanty, Hector H Garcia, Theodore E Nash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476898/influence-of-multidrug-resistant-organism-on-the-outcome-of-diabetic-foot-infection
#11
Nese Saltoglu, Onder Ergonul, Necla Tulek, Mucahit Yemisen, Ayten Kadanali, Gul Karagoz, Ayse Batirel, Oznur Ak, Cagla Sonmezer, Haluk Eraksoy, Atahan Cagatay, Serkan Surme, Salih A Nemli, Tuna Demirdal, Omer Coskun, Derya Ozturk, Nurgul Ceran, Filiz Pehlivanoglu, Gonul Sengoz, Turan Aslan, Yasemin Akkoyunlu, Oral Oncul, Hakan Ay, Lutfiye Mulazımoglu, Buket Erturk, Fatma Yilmaz, Gulsen Yoruk, Nuray Uzun, Funda Simsek, Taner Yildirmak, Kadriye Kart Yaşar, Meral Sonmezoglu, Yasar Küçükardali, Nazan Tuna, Oguz Karabay, Nail Ozgunes, Fatma Sargın
OBJECTIVES: We described the clinical outcome of the diabetic patients who had foot infections with multidrug resistant organisms. METHODS: We included the patients with diabetic foot infections (DFI) from 19 centers, between May 2011 and December 2015. Infection was defined according to IDSA DFI guidelines. Patients with severe infection, complicated moderate infection were hospitalized. The patients were followed-up for 6 months after discharge. RESULTS: In total, 791 patients with DFI were included, 531(67%) was male, median age was 62 (19-90)...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472111/lady-windermere-syndrome-in-castile-and-le%C3%A3-n
#12
Sara Blanco-Conde, Teresa Nebreda-Mayoral, Cristina Labayru-Echeverría, M Fe Brezmes-Valdivieso, Ramiro López-Medrano, Begoña Nogueira-González
INTRODUCTION: Lady Windermere syndrome (LWS) is a pulmonary disease caused by Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC). The objective of this study is to ascertain its frequency and characteristics in the northern area of the autonomous community of Castile and León. METHODS: A retrospective study of patients with MAC isolates in respiratory samples from five public hospitals in the autonomous community over a six-year period, following the ATS/IDSA criteria. The MAC strains were identified by GenoType Mycobacterium reverse hybridisation probes or PCR-RFLP analysis of the hsp65 gene...
February 19, 2018: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462306/a-multicentre-stewardship-initiative-to-decrease-excessive-duration-of-antibiotic-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-community-acquired-pneumonia
#13
Farnaz Foolad, Angela M Huang, Cynthia T Nguyen, Lindsay Colyer, Megan Lim, Jessica Grieger, Julius Li, Sara Revolinski, Megan Mack, Tejal Gandhi, J Njeri Wainaina, Gregory Eschenauer, Twisha S Patel, Vincent D Marshall, Jerod Nagel
Background: The increased emphasis on pneumonia-related performance measures and patient outcomes has led hospitals to implement multifaceted approaches to quickly identify patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), start timely therapy and reduce readmission. However, there has been minimal focus on duration of therapy (DOT) and patients often receive prolonged antibiotic courses. The IDSA and American Thoracic Society (IDSA/ATS) CAP guidelines recommend 5 days of therapy for clinically stable patients that quickly defervesce and stewardship teams are well positioned to influence prescribing practices...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462280/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-clostridium-difficile-infection-in-adults-and-children-2017-update-by-the-infectious-diseases-society-of-america-idsa-and-society-for-healthcare-epidemiology-of-america-shea
#14
L Clifford McDonald, Dale N Gerding, Stuart Johnson, Johan S Bakken, Karen C Carroll, Susan E Coffin, Erik R Dubberke, Kevin W Garey, Carolyn V Gould, Ciaran Kelly, Vivian Loo, Julia Shaklee Sammons, Thomas J Sandora, Mark H Wilcox
A panel of experts was convened by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA) to update the 2010 clinical practice guideline on Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in adults. The update, which has incorporated recommendations for children (following the adult recommendations for epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment), includes significant changes in the management of this infection and reflects the evolving controversy over best methods for diagnosis...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461916/outpatient-management-of-fever-and-neutropenia-in-adults-treated-for-malignancy-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-and-infectious-diseases-society-of-america-clinical-practice-guideline-update
#15
Randy A Taplitz, Erin B Kennedy, Eric J Bow, Jennie Crews, Charise Gleason, Douglas K Hawley, Amelia A Langston, Loretta J Nastoupil, Michelle Rajotte, Kenneth Rolston, Lynne Strasfeld, Christopher R Flowers
Purpose To provide an updated joint ASCO/Infectious Diseases Society of American (IDSA) guideline on outpatient management of fever and neutropenia in patients with cancer. Methods ASCO and IDSA convened an Update Expert Panel and conducted a systematic review of relevant studies. The guideline recommendations were based on the review of evidence by the Expert Panel. Results Six new or updated meta-analyses and six new primary studies were added to the updated systematic review. Recommendations Clinical judgment is recommended when determining which patients are candidates for outpatient management, using clinical criteria or a validated tool such as the Multinational Association of Support Care in Cancer risk index...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427686/laboratory-diagnosis-of-urinary-tract-infections-towards-a-bilulu-consensus-guideline
#16
REVIEW
Matthijs Oyaert, Britt Van Meensel, Reinoud Cartuyvels, Johan Frans, Wim Laffut, Patricia Vandecandelaere, Hans De Beenhouwer
Urinary tract infections (UTI) are very common throughout life and account for the majority of the workload in the clinical microbiology laboratory. Clear instructions for the interpretation of urine cultures by the laboratory technicians are indispensable to obtain standardized, reliable, and clinically useful results. In literature, there is often a lack of evidence-based practice in processing urinary samples in the laboratory. In this consensus document, the BILULU Study Group presents a practical approach for the implementation of existing guidelines for the culture of urine in the microbiology laboratory and offers answers for issues where no clear solution is available in the guidelines...
March 2018: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397537/management-of-bloodstream-infections-by-infection-specialists-in-france-and-germany-a-cross-sectional-survey
#17
Kévin Diallo, Winfried V Kern, Katja de With, Amandine Luc, Nathalie Thilly, Céline Pulcini
INTRODUCTION: Bloodstream infections (BSI) are frequent infections worldwide. Our objective was to explore variation in the management of patients with BSI by infection specialists in France and Germany. METHODS: This work is part of an international ESCMID cross-sectional internet-based questionnaire survey that was opened from December 2016 to February 2017. All hospital-based infection specialists, senior or trainees, giving at least weekly advice on positive blood cultures could participate...
February 3, 2018: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388675/influenza-vaccines-in-immunosuppressed-adults-with-cancer
#18
REVIEW
Roni Bitterman, Noa Eliakim-Raz, Inbal Vinograd, Anca Zalmanovici Trestioreanu, Leonard Leibovici, Mical Paul
BACKGROUND: This is an update of the Cochrane review published in 2013, Issue 10.Immunosuppressed cancer patients are at increased risk of serious influenza-related complications. Guidelines, therefore, recommend influenza vaccination for these patients. However, data on vaccine effectiveness in this population are lacking, and the value of vaccination in this population remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of influenza vaccine in immunosuppressed adults with malignancies...
February 1, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370285/severe-community-acquired-pneumonia-characteristics-and-prognostic-factors-in-ventilated-and-non-ventilated-patients
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Miquel Ferrer, Chiara Travierso, Catia Cilloniz, Albert Gabarrus, Otavio T Ranzani, Eva Polverino, Adamantia Liapikou, Francesco Blasi, Antoni Torres
BACKGROUND: Patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia (SCAP) and life-threatening acute respiratory failure may require invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV). Since use of IMV is often associated with significant morbidity and mortality, we assessed whether patients invasively ventilated would represent a target population for interventions aimed at reducing mortality of SCAP. METHODS: We prospectively recruited consecutive patients with SCAP for 12 years...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365230/tuberculosis-guidelines-for-diagnosis-from-the-ats-idsa-and-cdc
#20
Lisa Hauk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: American Family Physician
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