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Bacillus thuringiensis receptors coleoptera

Yannick Pauchet, Anne Bretschneider, Sylvie Augustin, David G Heckel
Chrysomela tremula is a polyvoltine oligophagous leaf beetle responsible for massive attacks on poplar trees. This beetle is an important model for understanding mechanisms of resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) insecticidal toxins, because a resistant C. tremula strain has been found that can survive and reproduce on transgenic poplar trees expressing high levels of the Cry3Aa Bt toxin. Resistance to Cry3Aa in this strain is recessive and is controlled by a single autosomal locus. We used a larval midgut transcriptome for C...
December 5, 2016: Toxins
Maissa Chakroun, Núria Banyuls, Yolanda Bel, Baltasar Escriche, Juan Ferré
Entomopathogenic bacteria produce insecticidal proteins that accumulate in inclusion bodies or parasporal crystals (such as the Cry and Cyt proteins) as well as insecticidal proteins that are secreted into the culture medium. Among the latter are the Vip proteins, which are divided into four families according to their amino acid identity. The Vip1 and Vip2 proteins act as binary toxins and are toxic to some members of the Coleoptera and Hemiptera. The Vip1 component is thought to bind to receptors in the membrane of the insect midgut, and the Vip2 component enters the cell, where it displays its ADP-ribosyltransferase activity against actin, preventing microfilament formation...
June 2016: Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews: MMBR
Youngjin Park, Gang Hua, Milton D Taylor, Michael J Adang
The lesser mealworm, Alphitobius diaperinus, is a serious cosmopolitan pest of commercial poultry facilities because of its involvement in structural damage to poultry houses, reduction in feed conversion efficiency, and transfer of avian and human pathogens. Cry3Aa, Cry3Bb, and Cry8Ca insecticidal proteins of Bacillus thuringiensis are used to control coleopteran larvae. Cadherins localized in the midgut epithelium function as receptors for Cry toxins in lepidopteran, coleopteran, and dipteran insects. Previously, we demonstrated that the truncated cadherin (DvCad1) from Diabrotica virgifera virgifera, which consists of the C-terminal cadherin repeats (CR) 8-10 and expressed in Escherichia coli, enhanced Cry3Aa and Cry3Bb toxicity against several coleopteran species...
November 2014: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
Estefanía Contreras, Michael Schoppmeier, M Dolores Real, Carolina Rausell
Understanding how Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) toxins interact with proteins in the midgut of susceptible coleopteran insects is crucial to fully explain the molecular bases of Bt specificity and insecticidal action. In this work, aminopeptidase N (TcAPN-I), E-cadherin (TcCad1), and sodium solute symporter (TcSSS) have been identified by ligand blot as putative Cry3Ba toxin-binding proteins in Tribolium castaneum (Tc) larvae. RNA interference knockdown of TcCad1 or TcSSS proteins resulted in decreased susceptibility to Cry3Ba toxin, demonstrating the Cry toxin receptor functionality for these proteins...
June 21, 2013: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Jorge Eduardo Cortázar Gómez, Silvio Alejandro López-Pazos, Jairo Cerón
An emergent pest is the weevil Asymmathetes vulcanorum, an insect that attacks Colombian potato areas. Here, some Cry proteins from the entomopathogenic bacteria Bacillus thuringiensis were evaluated as biological control strategy. It was found that Cry1B protoxin caused a mortality of 40% with a dose of 8000 ng/cm(2). Also in this research, it was identified a full length cDNA of an aminopeptidase N, a possible Cry protein receptor located in the insect midgut. This is the first report about B. thuringiensis as an alternative method for control of A...
September 15, 2012: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
Ping Song, QinYing Wang, ZiYan Nangong, JunPing Su, DongHua Ge
Bt WZ-9 strain, containing a single Cry7Ab3 toxin, had effective insecticidal activity against larvae of Henosepilachna vigintioctomaculata. By incubation with larvae midgut homogenate and trypsin in vitro, 130 kDa Cry7Ab3 protoxin was degraded into the ∼75 kDa proteinase-resistant fragments. In vivo analysis, 130 kDa Cry7Ab3 protoxin was also processed into ∼75 kDa fragment. Histopathological observations indicated that Cry7Ab3 ingestion by H. vigintioctomaculata larvae causes acceleration in the blebbing of the midgut epithelium cells into the gut lumen and eventual lysis of the epithelium cells resulting in larval death...
March 2012: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
Yulin Gao, Juan Luis Jurat-Fuentes, Brenda Oppert, Jeffrey A Fabrick, Chenxi Liu, Jianhua Gao, Zhongren Lei
BACKGROUND: Biopesticides containing Cry insecticidal proteins from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) are effective against many lepidopteran pests, but there is a lack of Bt-based pesticides for efficient control of important coleopteran pests. Based on the reported increase in Bt toxin oligomerization by a polypeptide from the Cry3Aa receptor cadherin in Tenebrio molitor (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae), it was hypothesized that this cadherin peptide, rTmCad1p, would enhance Cry3Aa toxicity towards coleopteran larvae...
September 2011: Pest Management Science
Jeff Fabrick, Cris Oppert, Marcé D Lorenzen, Kaley Morris, Brenda Oppert, Juan Luis Jurat-Fuentes
Cry toxins produced by the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis are effective biological insecticides. Cadherin-like proteins have been reported as functional Cry1A toxin receptors in Lepidoptera. Here we present data that demonstrate that a coleopteran cadherin is a functional Cry3Aa toxin receptor. The Cry3Aa receptor cadherin was cloned from Tenebrio molitor larval midgut mRNA, and the predicted protein, TmCad1, has domain structure and a putative toxin binding region similar to those in lepidopteran cadherin B...
July 3, 2009: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Alejandra Bravo, Sarjeet S Gill, Mario Soberón
Bacillus thuringiensis Crystal (Cry) and Cytolitic (Cyt) protein families are a diverse group of proteins with activity against insects of different orders--Lepidoptera, Coleoptera, Diptera and also against other invertebrates such as nematodes. Their primary action is to lyse midgut epithelial cells by inserting into the target membrane and forming pores. Among this group of proteins, members of the 3-Domain Cry family are used worldwide for insect control, and their mode of action has been characterized in some detail...
March 15, 2007: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
Samir Naimov, Stefan Dukiandjiev, Ruud A de Maagd
Expression of Bacillus thuringiensis delta-endotoxins has proven to be a successful strategy for obtaining insect resistance in transgenic plants. Drawbacks of expression of a single resistance gene are the limited target spectrum and the potential for rapid adaptation of the pest. Hybrid toxins with a wider target spectrum in combination with existing toxins may be used as tool to mitigate these problems. In this study, Desiree potato plants were genetically modified to resist attack by insect species belonging to the orders Coleoptera and Lepidoptera, through the insertion of such a hybrid gene, SN19...
January 2003: Plant Biotechnology Journal
Michael Meissle, Eva Vojtech, Guy M Poppy
We investigated the effects of transgenic maize (Zea mays) expressing Bacillus thuringienses toxin (Bt maize) on larval and adult Poecilus cupreus carabid beetles in laboratory studies. In no-choice trials, neonate P. cupreus larvae were fed exclusively with Spodoptera littoralis caterpillars, which had been raised on Bt maize. S. littoralis raised on conventional maize or "high quality" Calliphora sp. pupae were fed to the beetle larvae in two control treatments. Bt-maize-fed caterpillar prey increased mortality to 100% within 40 days...
April 2005: Transgenic Research
Panadda Boonserm, Paul Davis, David J Ellar, Jade Li
Cry4Ba, isolated from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis, is specifically toxic to the larvae of Aedes and Anopheles mosquitoes. The structure of activated Cry4Ba toxin has been determined by multiple isomorphous replacement with anomalous scattering and refined to R(cryst) = 20.5% and R(free)= 21.8% at 1.75 Angstroms resolution. It resembles previously reported Cry toxin structures but shows the following distinctions. In domain I the helix bundle contains only the long and amphipathic helices alpha3-alpha7...
April 29, 2005: Journal of Molecular Biology
Deepak Saxena, C Neal Stewart, Illimar Altosaar, Qingyao Shu, G Stotzky
Larvicidal proteins encoded by cry genes from Bacillus thuringiensis were released in root exudates from transgenic B. thuringiensis corn, rice, and potato but not from B. thuringiensis canola, cotton, and tobacco. Nonsterile soil and sterile hydroponic solution in which B. thuringiensis corn, rice, or potato had been grown were immunologically positive for the presence of the Cry proteins; from B. thuringiensis corn and rice, the soil and solution were toxic to the larva of the tobacco hornworm (Manduca sexta), and from potato, to the larva of the Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata), representative lepidoptera and coleoptera, respectively...
May 2004: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
J D Li, J Carroll, D J Ellar
The structure of the delta-endotoxin from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. tenebrionis that is specifically toxic to Coleoptera insects (beetle toxin) has been determined at 2.5 A resolution. It comprises three domains which are, from the N- to C-termini, a seven-helix bundle, a three-sheet domain, and a beta sandwich. The core of the molecule encompassing all the domain interfaces is built from conserved sequence segments of the active delta-endotoxins. Therefore the structure represents the general fold of this family of insecticidal proteins...
October 31, 1991: Nature
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