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follicular fluid

Isaac H Solomon, Kristyn M Spera, Sophia L Ryan, Jeffrey Helgager, Juliana Andrici, Sherif R Zaki, Henrikas Vaitkevicius, Kristoffer E Leon, Michael R Wilson, Joseph L DeRisi, Sophia Koo, Stelios M Smirnakis, Umberto De Girolami
Importance: Powassan virus is a rare but increasingly recognized cause of severe neurological disease. Objective: To highlight the diagnostic challenges and neuropathological findings in a fatal case of Powassan encephalitis caused by deer tick virus (lineage II) in a patient with follicular lymphoma receiving rituximab, with nonspecific anti-GAD65 antibodies, who was initially seen with fever and orchiepididymitis. Design, Setting, and Participants: Comparison of clinical, radiological, histological, and laboratory findings, including immunohistochemistry, real-time polymerase chain reaction, antibody detection, and unbiased sequencing assays, in a single case report (first seen in December 2016) at an academic medical center...
March 19, 2018: JAMA Neurology
Chia-Hong Chou, Mei-Jou Chen
Ovarian follicular cell undergoes extensive proliferation and differentiation during the period that the follicle evolved from the primordial state to its ovulatory phase and then corpus luteum status. During this process, different and various levels of steroid hormones in follicular fluid, or obtained from circulation and adjacent cells as granulosa and theca cells, or from environment and diet will all affect the process of follicular growth and development. Differential steroid hormones might have differential effects on ovarian folliculogenesis via the effect on granulosa cell growth and follicular fluid formation that involves cell proliferation, apoptosis, and angiogenesis within the follicle...
2018: Vitamins and Hormones
Z Merhi, E Buyuk, M J Cipolla
STUDY QUESTION: Does vitamin D attenuate the adverse effects of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) on steroidogenesis by human granulosa cells (GCs)? SUMMARY ANSWER: AGEs alter the expression of genes important in steroidogenesis while 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (vit D3) in vitro attenuates some of the actions of AGEs on steroidogenic gene expression, possibly by downregulating the expression of the pro-inflammatory cell membrane receptor for AGEs (RAGE). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Vitamin D attenuates the pro-inflammatory effects of AGEs in non-ovarian tissues...
March 12, 2018: Molecular Human Reproduction
Aleksandra E Lewandowska, Katarzyna Macur, Paulina Czaplewska, Joanna Liss, Krzysztof Łukaszuk, Stanisław Ołdziej
Analysis of proteomic composition of human follicular fluid (hFF) has been previously proposed as a potential tool of oocyte quality evaluation. In order to develop an efficient method to investigate the hFF proteome and peptidome components, we applied and tested a few prefractionation schemes of hFF material consisting of ultrafiltration, optional immunodepletion, and high pH RP-HPLC separation by building spectral libraries and comparing their quantification capabilities of unfractionated samples. Low Molecular-Weight Fraction peptides (LMWF, <10 kDa) and High Molecular-Weight Fraction proteins (HMWF, >10 kDa) resulting from ultrafiltration were analyzed separately...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
Frank J Simutis, Thomas P Sanderson, Gary D Pilcher, Michael J Graziano
The toxicity of avagacestat, a sulfonamide-based gamma (γ)-secretase inhibitor that was in development as a treatment for Alzheimer's disease, was evaluated in a comprehensive nonclinical toxicology program that included 6-month and 1-year repeat-dose toxicity studies in rats and dogs, respectively. There was a spectrum of mechanism-based changes attributed to inhibition of Notch signaling that regulates the differentiation and proliferation of cells throughout development and in adult tissues. In both rats and dogs, ovarian follicular degeneration and atrophy and a low incidence of granulosa cell hyperplasia and benign granulosa-thecal cell tumors were observed...
February 24, 2018: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
Florina Haimovici, Janis L Anderson, Gordon W Bates, Catherine Racowsky, Elizabeth S Ginsburg, Dan Simovici, Raina N Fichorova
PROBLEM: Psychiatric disorders and stress in women have been associated with poor IVF outcome. We hypothesized that both partners in the infertile couples are emotionally affected, and cytokines in both may link psychological to reproductive outcome. METHOD OF STUDY: Forty-five IVF couples completed questionnaires and visual analog scales for stress and psychiatric disorders and had cytokines measured in serum, semen, cervicovaginal, and follicular fluids. Multivariable analyses, t tests, maximum likelihood estimates, Spearman correlation, and data mining were applied...
March 12, 2018: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
Sahereh Arabian, Zahra Raoofi
In this paper, 153 infertile women undergoing induction of ovulation at an academic tertiary care centre were included in a cross-sectional study. Serum Vitamin D level was measured and the rate of clinical pregnancy (defined as a sonographic presence of FHR of an intrauterine gestational sac) and patient and cycle parameters were determined. The results showed that a correlation exists between endometrial thickness as well as the number of antral follicles and replete level of Vitamin D. Interestingly, the median level of these two parameters was of upmost level in the most replete tertile of serum Vitamin D level...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Yonghua Liu, Lin Yuan, Daohua Yang, Yubiao Jin
Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is potentially lethal. A prompt and accurate diagnosis is the prerequisite for the treatment of MTC. Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is a reliable diagnostic tool in the assessment of thyroid nodules. However, cytologic assessment of MTC based on FNA has several drawbacks due to morphological variants. We present a case of MTC diagnosed through FNA cytology, which was eventually histologically confirmed as a mixed medullary-follicular carcinoma with negative serum calcitonin expression...
March 10, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Jabbar Abbas Ahmed Al-Saaidi, Khalisa Khadim Khudair, Sura Safe Aubaes Al-Kafaji
Objective: The present study was conducted to investigate the impacts of active and passive immunization against synthetic inhibin and steroid-free bovine follicular fluid, respectively, on reproductive fecundity out of breeding season in Iraqi Awassi ewes. Methods: Follicular fluid was aspired from mature bovine follicles, treated with activated charcoal, and used for immunization of male rabbits for obtaining steroid free bovine follicular fluid (SFBFF) antiserum...
March 2, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
M G Da Broi, V S I Giorgi, F Wang, D L Keefe, D Albertini, P A Navarro
An equilibrium needs to be established by the cellular and acellular components of the ovarian follicle if developmental competence is to be acquired by the oocyte. Both cumulus cells (CCs) and follicular fluid (FF) are critical determinants for oocyte quality. Understanding how CCs and FF influence oocyte quality in the presence of deleterious systemic or pelvic conditions may impact clinical decisions in the course of managing infertility. Given that the functional integrities of FF and CCs are susceptible to concurrent pathological conditions, it is important to understand how pathophysiological factors influence natural fertility and the outcomes of pregnancy arising from the use of assisted reproduction technologies (ARTs)...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Pengfei Li, Jinzhu Meng, Jiongjie Jing, Qingling Hao, Zhiwei Zhu, Jianbo Yao, Lihua Lyu
BACKGROUND: Cocaine-and amphetamine regulated transcript (CART) is an endogenous neuropeptide, which is widespread in animals, plays a key role in regulation of follicular atresia in cattle and sheep. Among animal ovaries, CART mRNA was firstly found in the cattle ovaries. CART was localized in the antral follicles oocytes, granulosa and cumulus cells by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. Further research found that secretion of E2 was inhibited in granulosa cells with a certain dose of CART, the effect depends on the stage of cell differentiation, suggesting that CART could play a crucial role in regulating follicle atresia...
February 26, 2018: Biological Research
Yi Fang, Shoulong Deng, Jinlong Zhang, Haijun Liu, Yihai Li, Xiaosheng Zhang, Yixun Liu
Cumulus cells of pre-pubertal domestic animals are dysfunctional, perhaps due to age-specific epigenetic events. This study was designed to determine effects of melatonin treatment of donors on methylation modification of pre-pubertal cumulus cells. Cumulus cells from germinal vesicle stage cumulus oocyte complexes (COCs) were collected from eighteen lambs which were randomly divided into control group (C) and melatonin group given an 18 mg melatonin implant subcutaneous (M). Compared to the C group, the M group had higher concentrations of melatonin in plasma and follicular fluid ( p < 0...
February 23, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Z Bravo, M Valdivia
The follicular fluid exerts an effect on the sperm capacitation of several species; however, these effects vary according to species, both in the sperm motility and in the subsequent acrosome reaction. In this study, the effect of alpaca follicular fluid (aFF) on the motility and acrosome reaction of alpaca spermatozoa was observed, using follicular fluid of three follicle sizes: small (<3 mm), medium (3-6 mm) and large (>6 mm), in a concentration of 30%. Sperm motility at the first hour of incubation with aFF of small follicles was 48...
February 22, 2018: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
Tatiane Melina Guerreiro, Roseli Fernandes Gonçalves, Carlos Fernando O Rodrigues Melo, Diogo Noin de Oliveira, Estela de Oliveira Lima, Jose Antônio Visintin, Marcos Antônio de Achilles, Rodrigo Ramos Catharino
Follicular fluid (FF) protects the oocyte against proteolysis and extrusion during ovulation, providing an appropriate microenvironment that favors proper embryonic development; thereby, FF plays a key role in embryo quality. Being directly related to cattle breeding, studying FF is extremely important in livestock science to measure cattle fertility. This may eventually help to assess the quality of both meat and milk, products widely consumed worldwide. There is an important commercial interest in the evaluation and characterization of compounds present in the FF of livestock that present greater likelihood of pregnancy...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
M Vera-Rodriguez, A Diez-Juan, J Jimenez-Almazan, S Martinez, R Navarro, V Peinado, A Mercader, M Meseguer, D Blesa, I Moreno, D Valbuena, C Rubio, C Simon
STUDY QUESTION: What is the origin and composition of cell-free DNA in human embryo spent culture media? SUMMARY ANSWER: Cell-free DNA from human embryo spent culture media represents a mix of maternal and embryonic DNA, and the mixture can be more complex for mosaic embryos. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In 2016, ~300 000 human embryos were chromosomally and/or genetically analyzed using preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidies (PGT-A) or monogenic disorders (PGT-M) before transfer into the uterus...
February 20, 2018: Human Reproduction
Matteo Becatti, Rossella Fucci, Amanda Mannucci, Victoria Barygina, Marco Mugnaini, Luciana Criscuoli, Claudia Giachini, Francesco Bertocci, Rita Picone, Giacomo Emmi, Paolo Evangelisti, Francesca Rizzello, Cinzia Cozzi, Niccolò Taddei, Claudia Fiorillo, Maria Elisabetta Coccia
Oxidative stress plays a major role in critical biological processes in human reproduction. However, a reliable and biologically accurate indicator of this condition does not yet exist. On these bases, the aim of this study was to assess and compare the blood and follicular fluid (FF) redox status of 45 infertile subjects (and 45 age-matched controls) undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF), and explore possible relationships between the assessed redox parameters and IVF outcomes. Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) production, assessed by flow cytometry analysis in blood leukocytes and granulosa cells, significantly increased (p < 0...
February 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Qun-Fang Zhang, Guo-Yong Chen, Yun Liu, Hui-Juan Huang, Yan-Feng Song
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis (EM) interferes with the reproductive process and affects the success rate of in vitro fertilization (IVF). Inflammatory cytokines are suggested to play a role in infertility in patients with EM. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between resistin and interleukin 23 (IL-23) levels in follicular fluid (FF) and serum together with the severity of endometriosis and in vitro fertilization/ embryo transfer (IVF-ET) outcome...
December 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Xiaofei Guo, Xiangyu Wang, Ran Di, Qiuyue Liu, Wenping Hu, Xiaoyun He, Jiarui Yu, Xiaosheng Zhang, Jinlong Zhang, Katarzyna Broniowska, Wei Chen, Changxin Wu, Mingxing Chu
The FecB gene has been discovered as an important gene in sheep for its high relationship with the ovulation rate, but its regulatory mechanism remains unknown. In the present study, liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) techniques were adopted to detect the metabolic effects of FecB gene in follicular fluid (FF) and ovarian vein serum (OVS) in Small Tail Han (STH) sheep. ANOVA and random forest statistical methods were employed for the identification of important metabolic pathways and biomarkers...
February 11, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Juliano Da Silveira, Gabriella M Andrade, Felipe Perecin, Flávio Vieira Meireles, Quinton A Winger, Gerrit J Bouma
Mammalian ovarian follicular growth is characterized by development of a large fluid filled antrum that separates mural granulosa cells and cumulus cells. Extensive communication between the different cell types is necessary for maturation of a developmentally competent oocyte. Here, we describe an approach for the isolation of cell-secreted exosomes from ovarian follicular fluid, identification of small RNAs (i.e., microRNAs) in exosomes, labeling of exosomes, and examining cell uptake of exosomes by follicular cells...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
P U Díaz, F Rey, N C Gareis, U S Notaro, V Matiller, E M Belotti, A F Stassi, N R Salvetti, H H Ortega
Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is a homodimeric glycoprotein expressed exclusively in the gonads. This hormone is an important regulator of the early growth of follicles through inhibitory effects on the recruitment of primordial follicles into the pool of growing follicles and on granulosa cell proliferation. Cystic ovarian disease (COD) is an important disorder affecting the fertility of dairy cattle. In the present study, we evaluated the expression of AMH in granulosa cells and AMH secretion into follicular fluid in pre-ovulatory follicles from control cows, animals with spontaneously arising COD and during the development of the disease, at 5, 10 and 15 days of follicular persistence...
January 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
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