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Xinxing Zhou, Lijuan Sheng, Xiaohui Ling
In this work, we theoretically propose an optical biosensor (consists of a BK7 glass, a metal film, and a graphene sheet) based on photonic spin Hall effect (SHE). We establish a quantitative relationship between the spin-dependent shift in photonic SHE and the refractive index of sensing medium. It is found that, by considering the surface plasmon resonance effect, the refractive index variations owing to the adsorption of biomolecules in sensing medium can effectively change the spin-dependent displacements...
January 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Xiaorong Zhang, Aysu Yarman, Júlia Erdossy, Sagie Katz, Ingo Zebger, Katharina J Jetzschmann, Zeynep Altintas, Ulla Wollenberger, Róbert E Gyurcsányi, Frieder W Scheller
Molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) nanofilms for transferrin (Trf) have been synthesized on gold surfaces by electro-polymerizing the functional monomer scopoletin in the presence of the protein target or around pre-adsorbed Trf. As determined by atomic force microscopy (AFM) the film thickness was comparable with the molecular dimension of the target. The target (re)binding properties of the electro-synthesized MIP films was evaluated by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and square wave voltammetry (SWV) through the target-binding induced permeability changes of the MIP nanofilms to the ferricyanide redox marker, as well as by surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and surface enhanced infrared absorption spectroscopy (SEIRAS) of the immobilized protein molecules...
January 9, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
S Centi, F Ratto, F Tatini, S Lai, R Pini
BACKGROUND: Gold nanorods (GNRs) display unique capacity to absorb and scatter near infrared light, which arises from their peculiar composition of surface plasmon resonances. For this reason, GNRs have become an innovative material of great hope in nanomedicine, in particular for imaging and therapy of cancer, as well as in photonic sensing of biological agents and toxic compounds for e.g. biomedical diagnostics, forensic analysis and environmental monitoring. As the use of GNRs is becoming more and more popular, in all these contexts, there is emerging a latent need for simple and versatile protocols for their modification with targeting units that may convey high specificity for any analyte of interest of an end-user...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
Marcin Szalkowski, Karolina Sulowska, Justyna Grzelak, Joanna Niedziółka-Jönsson, Ewa Roźniecka, Dorota Kowalska, Sebastian Maćkowski
We apply wide-field fluorescence microscopy to measure real-time attachment of photosynthetic proteins to plasmonically active silver nanowires. The observation of this effect is enabled, on the one hand, by sensitive detection of fluorescence and, on the other hand, by plasmonic enhancement of protein fluorescence. We examined two sample configurations with substrates being a bare glass coverslip and a coverslip functionalized with a monolayer of streptavidin. The different preparation of the substrate changes the observed behavior as far as attachment of the protein is concerned as well as its subsequent photobleaching...
January 19, 2018: Sensors
Nikolina Jankovic, Norbert Cselyuszka
In this paper, we present a Fano metal-insulator-metal (MIM) structure based on an isosceles triangular cavity resonator for refractive index sensing applications. Due to the specific feeding scheme and asymmetry introduced in the triangular cavity, the resonator exhibits four sharp Fano-like resonances. The behavior of the structure is analyzed in detail and its sensing capabilities demonstrated through the responses for various refractive indices. The results show that the sensor has very good sensitivity and maximal figure of merit (FOM) value of 3...
January 19, 2018: Sensors
Pai Peng, Yong-Chun Liu, Da Xu, Qi-Tao Cao, Guowei Lu, Qihuang Gong, Yun-Feng Xiao
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.233901.
January 5, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Veronica Goian, Florian O Schumann, Wolf Widdra
We report on the surface phonons of long-range ordered BaO thin films grown on Pt(001). In the thickness range between 4 and 28 ML, we find unstrained BaO(001)-(1x1) bulk-like terminated films which coincide with a Pt(001)-c(2x2) lattice periodicity. The dipole-active lattice vibrations were determined using high-resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy. For all BaO film thicknesses, a single Fuchs-Kliewer (FK) phonon-polariton is observed. Its intensity increases and its frequency softens with increasing film thickness...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Po-Hao Tseng, Yen-Zen Wang, Tar-Hwa Hsieh, Ko-Shan Ho, Cheng-Hsien Tsai, Kuan-Ting Chen
The preparation of sub 3 nm copper nanoparticles (CuNPs) in ethylene glycol (EG) using triethylene tetramine (TETA) as chelating and reducing agents via a rapid microwave (MW) irradiation is reported. The sub 3 nm CuNPs after MW irradiation are clearly seen from the electronic micrographs. The firm chelation of Cu2+ by TETA is illustrated by the dark blue color of Cu2+/TETA/EG solution and the redox reaction is confirmed by the appearance of red color of the mixtures. The optimal mole ratio of TETA/Cu 2+ is found to be 2...
January 19, 2018: Nanotechnology
Chuanhui Zhu, Qun Xu
The discovery of localized surface plasmon resonances (LSPR) in semiconductor nanocrystals has initiated a new field in plasmonics. And plasmonic nanocrystals of crystal materials have gained rapid development in the past years with a class of materials with unique photoelectronic properties. Present now a growing number of amorphous plasmonic materials are steadily capturing scientific interest of people, though only a few are well-characterized. Here, we focus on the recent development in state-of-the art experiments, and explore the vast library of plasmonic properties in amorphous materials, including their application fields and optical spectral range...
January 19, 2018: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Qi Hao, Wan Li, Huiyan Xu, Jiawei Wang, Yin Yin, Huaiyu Wang, Libo Ma, Fei Ma, Xuchuan Jiang, Oliver G Schmidt, Paul K Chu
Vanadium dioxide/titanium nitride (VO2 /TiN) smart coatings are prepared by hybridizing thermochromic VO2 with plasmonic TiN nanoparticles. The VO2 /TiN coatings can control infrared (IR) radiation dynamically in accordance with the ambient temperature and illumination intensity. It blocks IR light under strong illumination at 28 °C but is IR transparent under weak irradiation conditions or at a low temperature of 20 °C. The VO2 /TiN coatings exhibit a good integral visible transmittance of up to 51% and excellent IR switching efficiency of 48% at 2000 nm...
January 19, 2018: Advanced Materials
Priyanshu Jain, Tanmoy Maiti
Here, we have numerically calculated electric field intensity and phase of the emission from various hybrid spiral plasmonic lenses (HSPL) in near field as well as in far-field. We have proposed a novel HSPL inscribed with nano corrals slit (NCS) and compared its focusing ability with other HSPLs inscribed with circular slit and circular grating. With the use of nano corrals slit, we have been able to improve light intensity in the far-field without compromising near-field intensity. Our NCS-HSPL outperforms other HSPLs and standalone SPL in near-field as well as far-field...
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
Georgia T Papadakis, Dagny Fleischman, Artur Davoyan, Pochi Yeh, Harry A Atwater
Harnessing artificial optical magnetism has previously required complex two- and three-dimensional structures, such as nanoparticle arrays and split-ring metamaterials. By contrast, planar structures, and in particular dielectric/metal multilayer metamaterials, have been generally considered non-magnetic. Although the hyperbolic and plasmonic properties of these systems have been extensively investigated, their assumed non-magnetic response limits their performance to transverse magnetic (TM) polarization. We propose and experimentally validate a mechanism for artificial magnetism in planar multilayer metamaterials...
January 18, 2018: Nature Communications
Lin Chen, Xianmin Ke, Huijie Guo, Junhao Li, Xun Li, Lei Zhou
Although metamaterials wave-plates have been demonstrated previously, many of them suffer from the issue of narrow bandwidth since they typically rely on resonance principles and thus exhibit inevitable frequency dispersions. Here, we show that the dispersion of spoof surface plasmon (SSP) mode supported by a fishbone structure can be freely modulated by varying the structural parameters. This motivates us to establish a general strategy of building broadband wave-plates by cascading two fishbone structures with different propagation constants of SSP modes...
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
Martina Banchelli, Marella de Angelis, Cristiano D'Andrea, Roberto Pini, Paolo Matteini
An advanced optofluidic system for protein detection based on Raman signal amplification via dewetting and molecular gathering within temporary mesoscale assemblies is presented. The evaporation of a microliter volume of protein solution deposited in a circular microwell precisely follows an outward-receding geometry. Herein the combination of liquid withdrawal with intermolecular interactions induces the formation of self-assembled molecular domains at the solid-liquid interface. Through proper control of the evaporation rate, amplitude of the assemblies and time for spectral collection at the liquid edge are extensively raised, resulting in a local enhancement and refinement of the Raman response, respectively...
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
Qing-Yuan Lin, Jarad A Mason, Zhongyang Li, Wenjie Zhou, Matthew N O'Brien, Keith A Brown, Matthew R Jones, Serkan Butun, Byeongdu Lee, Vinayak P Dravid, Koray Aydin, Chad A Mirkin
DNA programmable assembly has been combined with top-down lithography to construct superlattices of discrete, reconfigurable nanoparticle architectures on a gold surface over large areas. Specifically, the assembly of individual colloidal plasmonic nanoparticles with different shapes and sizes is controlled by oligonucleotides containing "locked" nucleic acids and confined environments provided by polymer pores to yield oriented architectures that feature tunable arrangements and independently controllable distances at both nanometer and micrometer length scales...
January 18, 2018: Science
Enzo Kopperger, Jonathan List, Sushi Madhira, Florian Rothfischer, Don C Lamb, Friedrich C Simmel
The use of dynamic, self-assembled DNA nanostructures in the context of nanorobotics requires fast and reliable actuation mechanisms. We therefore created a 55-nanometer-by-55-nanometer DNA-based molecular platform with an integrated robotic arm of length 25 nanometers, which can be extended to more than 400 nanometers and actuated with externally applied electrical fields. Precise, computer-controlled switching of the arm between arbitrary positions on the platform can be achieved within milliseconds, as demonstrated with single-pair Förster resonance energy transfer experiments and fluorescence microscopy...
January 19, 2018: Science
Chihun In, Sangwan Sim, Beom Kim, Hyemin Bae, Hyunseung Jung, Woosun Jang, Myungwoo Son, Jisoo Moon, Maryam Salehi, Seung Young Seo, Aloysius Soon, Moon-Ho Ham, Hojin Lee, Seongshik Oh, Dohun Kim, Moon-Ho Jo, Hyunyong Choi
Understanding the mutual interaction between electronic excitations and lattice vibrations is key for electronic transport and optoelectronic phenomena. Dynamic manipulation of such interaction is elusive as it requires varying the material composition on the atomic level. In turn, recent studies on topological insulators (TIs) have revealed the coexistence of a strong phonon resonance and topologically protected Dirac plasmon, both in the terahertz (THz) frequency range. Here, using these intrinsic characteristics of TIs, we demonstrate a new methodology for controlling electron-phonon interaction by lithographically engineered Dirac surface plasmons in the Bi2Se3 TI...
January 18, 2018: Nano Letters
Amar P Misra, Debjani Chatterjee, Gert Brodin
We study the nonlinear wave modulation of Langmuir waves (LWs) in a fully degenerate plasma. Using the Wigner-Moyal equation coupled to the Poisson equation and the multiple scale expansion technique, a modified nonlocal nonlinear Schrödinger (NLS) equation is derived which governs the evolution of LW envelopes in degenerate plasmas. The nonlocal nonlinearity in the NLS equation appears due to the group velocity and multiplasmon resonances, i.e., resonances induced by the simultaneous particle absorption of multiple wave quanta...
November 2017: Physical Review. E
R S Silva, P B de Melo, L Omena, A M Nunes, M G A da Silva, M R Meneghetti, I N de Oliveira
The present study is devoted to the investigation of the nonlinear optical properties of a smectic liquid crystal doped with gold nanorods. Using the Z-scan technique, we investigate the changes in the optical birefringence of a homeotropic sample upon laser exposure, considering the configurations of normal and oblique incidence. Our results reveal that the birefringence variations may be governed by distinct physical mechanisms, depending on the relative angle between the far-field director and the wave vector of the excitation laser beam...
December 2017: Physical Review. E
A Radosavljević, G Gligorić, P P Beličev, A Maluckov, M Stepić
By introducing evolving disorder in the binary kagome ribbons, we study the establishment of diffusive spreading of flat band states characterized by diffractionless propagation in regular periodic ribbons. Our numerical analysis relies on controlling strength and rate of change of disorder during light propagation while tailoring binarism of the kagome ribbons in order to isolate the flat band with the gap from the rest of the ribbon's eigenvalue spectrum and study systematically its influence on diffusion...
July 2017: Physical Review. E
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