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Jay K Bhattarai, Dharmendra Neupane, Bishal Nepal, Vasilii Mikhaylov, Alexei V Demchenko, Keith J Stine
Nanoporous gold (np-Au), because of its high surface area-to-volume ratio, excellent conductivity, chemical inertness, physical stability, biocompatibility, easily tunable pores, and plasmonic properties, has attracted much interested in the field of nanotechnology. It has promising applications in the fields of catalysis, bio/chemical sensing, drug delivery, biomolecules separation and purification, fuel cell development, surface-chemistry-driven actuation, and supercapacitor design. Many chemical and electrochemical procedures are known for the preparation of np-Au...
March 16, 2018: Nanomaterials
Joao Paulo Coelho, José Osío Barcina, Elena Junquera, Emilio Aicart, Gloria Tardajos, Sergio Gómez-Graña, Pablo Cruz-Gil, Cástor Salgado, Pablo Díaz-Núñez, Ovidio Peña-Rodríguez, Andrés Guerrero-Martínez
Amphiphilic nonionic ligands, synthesized with a fixed hydrophobic moiety formed by a thiolated alkyl chain and an aromatic ring, and with a hydrophilic tail composed of a variable number of oxyethylene units, were used to functionalize spherical gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) in water. Steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence measurements of the AuNPs in the presence of α-cyclodextrin (α-CD) revealed the formation of supramolecular complexes between the ligand and macrocycle at the surface of the nanocrystals...
March 16, 2018: Nanomaterials
Gary Beane, Brendan S Brown, Paul Johns, Tuphan Devkota, Gregory V Hartland
The interaction between plasmonic and excitonic systems and the formation of hybridized states is an area of intense interest, due to the potential to create exotic light-matter states. We report herein coupling between the leaky surface plasmon polariton (SPP) modes of single Ag nanowires and excitons of a cyanine dye (TDBC) in an open nanocavity. Silver nanowires were spin-cast onto glass coverslips, and the wavevector of the leaky SPP mode was measured by back focal plane (BFP) microscopy. Performing these measurements at different wavelengths allows the generation of dispersion curves, which show avoided crossings after deposition of a concentrated TDBC-PVA film...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Jiaohan Guo, Kevin Black, Jiawen Hu, Mahi R Singh
We developed a theory for the fluorescence (FL) for quantum emitter and double metallic nanoshell dimer hybrids using the density matrix method. The dimer is made from two identical double metallic nanoshells, which are made of a dielectric core, a gold metallic shell and a dielectric spacer layer. The quantum emitters are deposited on the surface of the spacer layers of the dimers due to the electrostatic absorptions. We consider that dimer hybrids are surrounded by biological cells. This can be achieved by injecting them in human or animal cells...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
J Vedelago, F Mattea, M Valente
The use and implementation of nanoparticles in medicine has grown exponentially in the last twenty years. Their main applications include drug delivery, theranostics, tissue engineering and magneto function. Dosimetry techniques can take advantage of inorganic nanoparticles properties and their combination with gel dosimetry techniques could be used as a first step for their later inclusion in radio-diagnostics or radiotherapy treatments. The present study presents preliminary results of properly synthesized and purified silver nanoparticles integration with Fricke gel dosimeters...
March 1, 2018: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
Tao Jiang, Hao Hong, Can Liu, Wei-Tao Liu, Kaihui Liu, Shiwei Wu
Interactions between elementary excitations, such as carriers, phonons and plasmons, are critical for understanding the optical and electronic properties of materials. The significance of these interactions is more prominent in low-dimensional materials and can dominate their physical properties due to the enhanced interactions between these excitations. One-dimensional single-walled carbon nanotubes provide an ideal system for studying such interactions due to their perfect physical structures and rich electronic properties...
March 15, 2018: Nano Letters
Yuriy Akimov
This Letter revises the resonance theory of Kretschmann and Otto configurations, where enhanced electromagnetic fields and strong reflectance dips observed under total internal reflection are conventionally attributed to the resonance on surface plasmon-polaritons, the subsystem eigenwaves supported by a single metal/dielectric interface. The rigorous mathematical analysis demonstrates that the field enhancement and reflection decrease, in fact, are two independent physical phenomena that occur under different conditions...
March 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Haidan Mao, Yahong Chen, Sergey A Ponomarenko, Ari T Friberg
We develop a general coherent (pseudo)-mode representation of partially coherent surface plasmon polaritons in the Kretschmann excitation geometry. We obtain explicit analytical results for coherent pseudo-modes of narrowband SPPs with Gaussian spectra and spectral correlations. We also evaluate the global degree of coherence of such SPPs which quantifies their overall coherence state within a given spatial domain. Not only will the developed coherent pseudo-mode representation facilitate SPP coherence state characterization, but it will also substantially reduce the computational complexity of the studies of partially coherent SPP interactions with nanoparticles...
March 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Peng Chen, Xiaohu Liu, Garima Goyal, Nhung Thi Tran, James Chin Shing Ho, Yi Wang, Daniel Aili, Bo Liedberg
Localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) constitutes a versatile technique for biodetection exploiting the sensitivity of plasmonic nanostructures to small changes in refractive index. The optical shift in the LSPR band caused by molecular in-teractions in the vicinity of the nanostructures are typically < 5 nm and can readily be detected using a spectrophotometer. Widespread use of LSPR based sensors require cost effective devices and would benefit from sensing schemes that enables use of very simple spectrophotometers or even naked eye detection...
March 15, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Yan Zhan, Yingliang Liu, Hongru Zu, Yanxian Guo, Shuangshuang Wu, Haiyao Yang, Zhiming Liu, Bingfu Lei, Jianle Zhuang, Xuejie Zhang, Di Huang, Chaofan Hu
Different from their bulk counterparts, plasmonic molybdenum oxide nanomaterials display superior optical and electronic properties, but unfortunately, phase-controlled synthesis of molybdenum oxide nanomaterials with multifunctional performances still remains a challenge. To actualize this, a surfactant-free solvothermal strategy was proposed to fabricate molybdenum oxide nanomaterials with a tunable phase. Encouragingly, the as-prepared molybdenum dioxide nanoparticles (MoO2 NPs) exhibit intense near-infrared (NIR) absorption attributed to the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) effect, which results in their application as a surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrate to detect trace amounts of molecular species including Rhodamine 6G (R6G), crystal violet (CV), IR-780 iodide (IR780) and methylene blue (MB)...
March 15, 2018: Nanoscale
Wei Wang
Nanomaterials exhibit structural and functional heterogeneity among individual nanoparticles, thus requiring a capability to study single nanoparticles. While electron microscopes often provide static images of their chemical composition, morphology and structure, imaging the chemical activity of single nanoparticles is highly desirable for exploring the structure-activity relationship via a bottom-up strategy, to understand their microscopic reaction mechanisms and kinetics, and to identify a minority subpopulation with extraordinary activity...
March 15, 2018: Chemical Society Reviews
Emily G Westbrook, Peng Zhang
We report the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR)-enhanced triplet-triplet annihilation upconversion (TTA-UC) of polymeric acceptors containing high percentages of acceptor units. A poly[(methyl methacrylate)-co-(glycidyl methacrylate)] copolymer series with increasing glycidyl methacrylate ratio was prepared using reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization. After post-modification of the glycidyl group with anthracene, the acceptor unit, a series of poly[(methyl methacrylate)-co-(2-hydroxypropyl-9-anthroate methacrylate)] (polyACA) was produced with different numbers of acceptor units...
March 15, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Enrico Della Gaspera, Enrico Menin, Gianluigi Maggioni, Cinzia Sada, Alessandro Martucci
Sub-monolayers of monodisperse Au colloids with different surface coverage have been embedded in between two different metal oxide thin films, combining sol-gel depositions and proper substrates functionalization processes. The synthetized films were TiO₂, ZnO, and NiO. X-ray diffraction shows the crystallinity of all the oxides and verifies the nominal surface coverage of Au colloids. The surface plasmon resonance (SPR) of the metal nanoparticles is affected by both bottom and top oxides: in fact, the SPR peak of Au that is sandwiched between two different oxides is centered between the SPR frequencies of Au sub-monolayers covered with only one oxide, suggesting that Au colloids effectively lay in between the two oxide layers...
March 14, 2018: Materials
Jitendra B Maurya, Alexandre François, Yogendra K Prajapati
One-dimensional photonic crystal (1DPC) sensors have emerged as contenders for traditional surface plasmon resonance sensors, owing to their potential for the detection of bigger molecules and particles due to their higher interaction volume in the sensing medium. Two-dimensional layered nanomaterials, most notably graphene and dichalcogenides (e.g., MoS₂, MoSe₂, WS₂, and WSe₂), have shown higher refractive index sensitivity because of their absorption as well as adsorption property. The proposed configuration of 1DPC presented consists of alternate layers of the aforementioned nanomaterials and silicon...
March 14, 2018: Sensors
Gayan S Jayawickrama, Alireza Nematollahi, Guanchen Sun, W Bret Church
Kynurenine aminotransferase-II (KAT-II) is a pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP)-dependent enzyme that acts in the tryptophan metabolic pathway by catalyzing the transamination of kynurenine into kynurenic acid (KYNA). It is one of four isoforms in the KAT family, of which it is the primary homologue responsible for KYNA production in the mammalian brain. KAT-II is targeted for inhibition as KYNA is implicated in diseases such as schizophrenia, where it is found in elevated concentrations. Previously, many different approaches have been taken to develop KAT-II inhibitors, and herein fragment-based drug design (FBDD) approaches have been exploited to provide further lead compounds that can be designed into novel inhibitors...
March 1, 2018: SLAS Discovery
A Bar-Ilan, T Livnat, M Hoffmann, L Binder, M Zakar, R Guy, Y Felikman, L Moschcovich, B Shenkman, D Monroe, O Hershkovitz, G Kenet, G Hart
INTRODUCTION: Recombinant FVIIa (rFVIIa) is an effective treatment for haemophilia through frequent administration. However, the short half-life of rFVIIa decreases its prophylactic ability to reduce bleeding. Carboxy-terminal peptide (CTP)-modified FVIIa (MOD-5014) is a long-acting rFVIIa developed for on-demand treatment of haemophilia using either an intravenous or subcutaneous injection with the aim of less frequent administrations, as well as for prophylactic use. AIM: The comprehensive evaluation of the activity MOD-5014 vs commercially available rhFVIIa, as well as their interaction with cofactors and inhibitors...
March 14, 2018: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
Eric J Tervo, Dmitriy S Boyuk, Baratunde A Cola, Zhuomin M Zhang, Michael A Filler
Chains of nanoscale plasmonic resonators are capable of sub-diffractional waveguiding and have applications in nanophotonics and thermal radiation transport. Practical uses have largely been limited, however, due to high optical losses or low group velocities. Here, we predict the waveguide performance of a material structure capable of overcoming these limitations: plasmonic resonators embedded in high-dielectric nanowires. Due to the enhanced near-field coupling between resonators, we find that the group velocities and propagation lengths for doped Si plasmonic resonators in intrinsic Si nanowires can be increased by up to an order of magnitude compared to the case of isotropic vacuum surroundings...
March 14, 2018: Nanoscale
Elham Karami Keshmarzi, R Niall Tait, Pierre Berini
Single-mode surface plasmon distributed feedback (DFB) lasers are realized in the near infrared using a two-dimensional non-uniform long-range surface plasmon polariton structure. The surface plasmon mode is excited onto a 20 nm-thick, 1 μm-wide metal stripe (Ag or Au) on a silica substrate, where the stripe is stepped in width periodically, forming a 1st order Bragg grating. Optical gain is provided by optically pumping a 450 nm-thick IR-140 doped PMMA layer as the top cladding, which covers the entire length of the Bragg grating, thus creating a DFB laser...
March 14, 2018: Nanoscale
S Suresh, Gautam E Unni, M Satyanarayana, A Sreekumaran Nair, V P Mahadevan Pillai
Engineering photons on a nanoscale via guidance and localization by metal nanostructures has a profound influence on the performance of devices that try to mimic the process of photosynthesis. The conventional route for the synthesis of plasmonic nanoparticles and their integration into the porous structure of the photoanode either directly or after being capped with a dielectric material not only adds to the complexity but also to the cost of the cell. The present study introduces the concept of a plasmonic blocking layer that concurrently acts as a light harvester and an electron-blocking layer in a dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC), wherein the plasmonic silver nanoparticles are incorporated into an Nb2 O5 blocking layer by a simple one-step process...
March 14, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Yakai Song, Linjuan Li, Yantao Chen, Jingqiu Liu, Senhao Xiao, Fulin Lian, Naixia Zhang, Hong Ding, Yuanyuan Zhang, Kaixian Chen, Hualiang Jiang, Chenhua Zhang, Yu-Chih Liu, Shijie Chen, Cheng Luo
DOT1L (the disruptor of telomeric silencing 1-like), through its methyltransferase activity of H3K79, plays essential roles in transcriptional regulation, cell cycle regulation, and DNA damage response. In addition, DOT1L is believed to be involved in the development of MLL-rearranged leukemia driven by the MLL (mixed-lineage leukemia) fusion proteins, which thus to be a crucial target for leukemia therapy. Hence, discovering of novel DOT1L inhibitors has been in a great demand. In this study, we initiated the discovering process from setting up the AlphaLISA based High Throughput Screening (HTS) assay of DOT1L...
February 24, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
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