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Ming-Yang Pan, Kuang-Li Lee, Likarn Wang, Pei-Kuen Wei
A chip-based ultrasensitive surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor in a checkerboard nanostructure on plastic substrates is presented for digital detection. The sensing elements on the checkerboard are composed of silver-capped nanoslit arrays, which were fabricated using the thermal-embossing nanoimprint method, to meet the demand for low-cost and rapid fabrication. Sharp Fano resonances in the optimized nanoslit arrays provide high-intensity sensitivities (20,000% per refractive index unit), with an element size of 12...
January 7, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Tadas Ragaliauskas, Mindaugas Mickevicius, Bozena Rakovska, Tadas Penkauskas, David J Vanderah, Frank Heinrich, Gintaras Valincius
A facile and reproducible preparation of surface-supported lipid bilayers is essential for fundamental membrane research and biotechnological applications. We demonstrate that multilamellar vesicles fuse to molecular-anchor-grafted surfaces yielding low-defect-density, tethered bilayer membranes. Continuous bilayers are formed within 10min, while the electrically insulating bilayers with <0.1μm(-2) defect density can be accomplished within 60min. Surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy indicates that an amount of lipid material transferred from vesicles to a surface is inversely proportional to the density of an anchor, while the total amount of lipid that includes tethered and transferred lipid remains constant within 5% standard error...
January 11, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Bing Yuan, Xiangxu Jiang, Chu Yao, Meimei Bao, Jiaojiao Liu, Yujiang Dou, Yinze Xu, Yao He, Kai Yang, Yuqiang Ma
Metal-enhanced fluorescence shows great potential for improving the sensitivity of fluoroscopy, which has been widely used in protein and nucleic acid detection for biosensor and bioassay applications. In comparison with the traditional glass-supported metal nanoparticles (MNPs), the introduction of a silicon substrate has been shown to provide an increased surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) effect due to the coupling between the MNPs and the semiconducting silicon substrate. In this work, we further study the fluorescence-enhanced effect of the silicon-supported silver-island (Ag@Si) plasmonic chips...
February 22, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
Pravinkumar Dakshinamurthy, Pavithra Mukunda, Bhargav Prasad Kodaganti, Bharath Ravindra Shenoy, Bairavabalakumar Natarajan, Amol Maliwalave, Vivek Halan, Sathyabalan Murugesan, Sunit Maity
Trastuzumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody (mAb) employed for the treatment of HER2 Positive Breast Cancer. A HER2 overexpressing tumor cell binds to Trastuzumab and attracts immune cells which lead to induction of Antibody Dependent Cellular Cytotoxicity (ADCC) by binding to Fc receptors (CD16a or FcγRIIIa) on an effector cell, such as natural killer (NK) cells. The most commonly expressed receptor on NK cell is CD16a which binds to the Fc portion of Trastuzumab. The ligand-independent HER2-HER3 dimerization is the most potent stimulator of downstream pathways for regulation of cell growth and survival...
January 10, 2017: Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
Min Jiang, Guanghui Wang, Wenxiang Jiao, Zhoufeng Ying, Ningmu Zou, Ho-Pui Ho, Tianyu Sun, Xuping Zhang
We report a nano-optical conveyor belt containing an array of gold plasmonic non-concentric nanorings (PNNRs) for the realization of trapping and unidirectional transportation of nanoparticles through rotating the polarization of an excitation beam. The location of hot spots within an asymmetric plasmonic nanostructure is polarization dependent, thus making it possible to manipulate a trapped target by rotating the incident polarization state. In the case of PNNR, the two poles have highly unbalanced trap potential...
January 15, 2017: Optics Letters
Yue Yu, Jiangnan Si, Yaying Ning, Minghai Sun, Xiaoxu Deng
A plasmonic wavelength splitter based on a sub-wavelength metal-insulator-metal (MIM) periodic rectangle wrinkle waveguide with a graded grating coupler is theoretically analyzed and experimentally demonstrated. The surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs), excited in the metal grating with wavelength selection, are deflected by the graded difference according to the aplanatic parametric principle. The wave vector of the deflected SPPs meets the phase-matching condition and couples into the periodic rectangle wrinkle waveguide with a plasmonic bandgap...
January 15, 2017: Optics Letters
Mingshan Zhu, Xiaoyan Cai, Mamoru Fujitsuka, Junying Zhang, Tetsuro Majima
Efficient utilization of solar energy is a high-priority target and the search for suitable materials as photocatalysts that not only can harvest the broad wavelength of solar light, from UV to near-infrared (NIR) region, but also can achieve high and efficient solar-to-hydrogen conversion is one of the most challenging missions. Herein, using Au/La2 Ti2 O7 (BP-Au/LTO) sensitized with black phosphorus (BP), a broadband solar response photocatalyst was designed and used as efficient photocatalyst for H2 production...
January 12, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Luis J Mendoza Herrera, Ignacio J Bruvera, Lucía B Scaffardi, Daniel C Schinca
Optical extinction is a handy and ubiquitous technique that allows us to study colloidal nanoparticles in their native state. The typical analysis of the extinction spectrum can be extended in order to obtain structural information of the sample such as the size distribution of the cores and the thickness of the coating layers. In this work the extinction spectra of Fe3O4, Fe3O4@Au, and Fe3O4@SiO2@Au single and multilayer nanoparticles are obtained by solving full Mie theory with a frequency dependent susceptibility derived from the Gilbert equation and considering the effect of Eddy currents...
January 12, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Yongfeng Li, Hua Ma, Jiafu Wang, Yongqiang Pang, Qiqi Zheng, Hongya Chen, Yajuan Han, Jieqiu Zhang, Shaobo Qu
A high-efficiency tri-band quasi-continuous phase gradient metamaterial is designed and demonstrated based on spoof surface plasmon polaritons (SSPPs). High-efficiency polarizaiton conversion transmission is firstly achieved via tailoring phase differece between the transmisive SSPP and the space wave in orthogonal directions. As an example, a tri-band circular-to-circular (CTC) polarization conversion metamateiral (PCM) was designed by a nonlinearly dispersive phase difference. Using such PCM unit cell, a tri-band quasi-continuous phase gradient metamaterial (PGM) was then realized by virtue of the Pancharatnam-Berry phase...
January 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
Naresh Kumar, Alina Zoladek-Lemanczyk, Anne A Y Guilbert, Weitao Su, Sachetan M Tuladhar, Thomas Kirchartz, Bob C Schroeder, Iain McCulloch, Jenny Nelson, Debdulal Roy, Fernando A Castro
Novel optoelectronic devices rely on complex nanomaterial systems where the nanoscale morphology and local chemical composition are critical to performance. However, the lack of analytical techniques that can directly probe these structure-property relationships at the nanoscale presents a major obstacle to device development. In this work, we present a novel method for non-destructive, simultaneous mapping of the morphology, chemical composition and photoelectrical properties with <20 nm spatial resolution by combining plasmonic optical signal enhancement with electrical-mode scanning probe microscopy...
January 12, 2017: Nanoscale
Lingyi Meng, Yu Zhang, ChiYung Yam
Nanometallic structures that support surface plasmons provide new ways to confine light at deep-subwavelength scales. In this paper, the effect of light scattering in nanowire array solar cells is studied by a multiscale approach combining classical electromagnetics (EM) and quantum mechanical (QM) simulations. A photovoltaic device is constructed by integrating a silicon nanowire array with a plasmonic silver nanosphere. The light scatterings by plasmonic element and nanowire array are obtained via classical EM simulations while current-voltage characteristics and optical properties of the nanowire cells are evaluated quantum mechanically...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Zhaoxia Qian, Kathryn N Guye, David J Masiello, David S Ginger
Responsive plasmonic nanomaterials composed of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and temperature-responsive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) hydrogels offer the promise of designing smart materials that can change color in response to varying thermal, or photothermal stimuli. Typical AuNP/PNIPAM hybrids are heavily loaded with AuNPs. Here we demonstrate that PNIPAM spheres with small number AuNP loadings exhibit significant extinction shifts and a broad range of color changes with varying temperature. Hybrids with an average loading of 3 to 5 AuNPs per PNIPAM sphere exhibit peak extinction shifts of over 150 nm and color change from red to purple to gray, with very large extinction changes in the NIR, as the temperature increases from 25oC to 50oC...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Feifei Liu, Xinping Zhang, Xiaohui Fang
Plasmonic nanocavity arrays were achieved by producing isolated silver semi-cylindrical nanoshells periodically on a continuous planar gold film. Hybridization between localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) in the Ag semi-cylindrical nanoshells (SCNS) and surface plasmon polaritons (SPP) in the gold film was observed as split bonding and anti-bonding resonance modes located at different spectral positions. This led to strong local field enhancement and confinement in the plano-concave nanocavites. Narrow-band optical extinction with an amplitude as high as 1...
January 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
Mario Raab, Carolin Vietz, Fernando Daniel Stefani, Guillermo Pedro Acuna, Philip Tinnefeld
Over the last decade, two fields have dominated the attention of sub-diffraction photonics research: plasmonics and fluorescence nanoscopy. Nanoscopy based on single-molecule localization offers a practical way to explore plasmonic interactions with nanometre resolution. However, this seemingly straightforward technique may retrieve false positional information. Here, we make use of the DNA origami technique to both control a nanometric separation between emitters and a gold nanoparticle, and as a platform for super-resolution imaging based on single-molecule localization...
January 11, 2017: Nature Communications
Kang Liu, Yanru Bu, Yuanhui Zheng, Xuchuan Jiang, Aibing Yu, Huanting Wang
Gold nanorods (AuNRs) are versatile materials due to their broadly tuneable optical properties associated with the anisotropic feature. However, conventional seed-mediated synthesis is not only limited by the operational complexity and over-sensitivity towards subtle changes of experimental conditions, but also suffers from low yield (~15%). Herein, a facile seedless method is reported to overcome the above challenge. Monodispersed AuNRs with high yield (~100%) and highly adjustable longitudinal surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) are reproducibly synthesized...
January 10, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Sara E McNamee, Linda K Medlin, Jessica Kegel, Gary R McCoy, Robin Raine, Lucia Barra, Maria Valeria Ruggiero, Wiebe H C F Kooistra, Marina Montresor, Johannes Hagstrom, Eva Perez Blanco, Edna Graneli, Francisco Rodríguez, Laura Escalera, Beatriz Reguera, Simon Dittami, Bente Edvardsen, Joe Taylor, Jane M Lewis, Yolanda Pazos, Christopher T Elliott, Katrina Campbell
Harmful algal blooms (HABs) are a natural global phenomena emerging in severity and extent. Incidents have many economic, ecological and human health impacts. Monitoring and providing early warning of toxic HABs are critical for protecting public health. Current monitoring programmes include measuring the number of toxic phytoplankton cells in the water and biotoxin levels in shellfish tissue. As these efforts are demanding and labour intensive, methods which improve the efficiency are essential. This study compares the utilisation of a multitoxin surface plasmon resonance (multitoxin SPR) biosensor with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and analytical methods such as high performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection (HPLC-FLD) and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) for toxic HAB monitoring efforts in Europe...
May 2016: Harmful Algae
Che Chen, Nathan Youngblood, Ruoming Peng, Daehan Yoo, Daniel A Mohr, Timothy W Johnson, Sang-Hyun Oh, Mo Li
We demonstrate the integration of black phosphorus photodetector in a hybrid, three-dimensional architecture of silicon photonics and metallic nanoplasmonics structures. This integration approach combines the advantages of low propagation loss of silicon waveguides, high field confinement of a plasmonic nanogap, and the narrow bandgap of black phosphorus to achieve high responsivity for detection of telecom-band near-infrared light. Benefitting from an ultrashort channel (~60 nm) and near-field enhancement enabled by the nanogap structure, the photodetector shows an intrinsic responsivity as high as 10 A/W afforded by internal gain mechanisms, and a 3 dB roll-off frequency of 150 MHz...
January 10, 2017: Nano Letters
Yang Yang, Yong-Xia Zhang, Meng Liu, Soheila J Maleki, Ming-Li Zhang, Qingmei Liu, Min-Jie Cao, Wen-Jin Su, Guang-Ming Liu
Triosephosphate isomerase (TIM) is a key enzyme in glycolysis and has been identified as an allergen in saltwater products. In this study, TIM with the molecular mass of 28 kDa was purified from the freshwater crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) muscle. A 90-kDa protein showed IgG/IgE cross-reactivity with TIM was purified and identified as filamin C (FLN c), which is an actin-binding proteins. TIM showed similar thermal and pH stability while better digestion resistant compared with FLN c. Result of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) experiment demonstrated the infinity of anti-TIM polyclonal antibody (pAb) to both TIM and FLN c...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Liying Wang, Yunching Chen, Hsin Yao Lin, Yung-Te Hou, Ling-Chu Yang, Aileen Y Sun, Jia-Yu Liu, Chien-Wen Chang, Dehui Wan
This paper describes the synthesis of near-infrared (NIR)-absorbing gold nanoframes (GNFs) and a systematic study comparing their physiological stability and biocompatibility with those of hollow Au-Ag nanoshells (GNSs), which have been used widely as photothermal agents in biomedical applications because of their localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) in the NIR region. The GNFs were synthesized in three steps: galvanic replacement, Au deposition, and Ag dealloying, using silver nanospheres (SNP) as the starting material...
January 10, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Subir Kumar Ray, Shubham Chandel, Ankit Kumar Singh, Abhishek Kumar, Arpita Mandal, Subhradeep Misra, Partha Mitra, Nirmalya Ghosh
Fano resonance is observed in a wide range of micro and nano optical systems and has been a subject of intensive investigations due to their numerous potential applications. Methods that can control or modulate Fano resonance by tuning some experimentally accessible parameters are highly desirable for realistic applications. Here we present a simple yet elegant approach using Mueller matrix formalism for controlling the Fano interference effect and engineering the resulting asymmetric spectral line shape in anisotropic optical system...
January 10, 2017: ACS Nano
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