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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666920/-unusual-coloboma-of-the-optic-disc
#1
J Lenk, L E Pillunat, E Matthé
A twelve-year old girl presented herself for a routine ophthalmologic examination in our clinic. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 1.0 on both eyes. On funduscopic examination we saw a yellow round structure inferior to the optic nerve head. In optical coherence tomography (OCT) examination the structure showed cupping and opening of the Bruch membrane and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). Visual field testing revealed an absolute scotoma right in the area were the abnormal coloboma was localized. We diagnosed a pseudo-doubling of the optic disk, which is a rare condition with just a few reports about it in the literature...
April 17, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660784/relationship-between-neural-crest-cell-specification-and-rare-ocular-diseases
#2
REVIEW
Monica Akula, Jeong Won Park, Judith A West-Mays
Development of the eye is closely associated with neural crest cell migration and specification. Eye development is extremely complex, as it requires the working of a combination of local factors, receptors, inductors, and signaling interactions between tissues such as the optic cup and periocular mesenchyme (POM). The POM is comprised of neural crest-derived mesenchymal progenitor cells that give rise to numerous important ocular structures including those tissues that form the optic cup and anterior segment of the eye...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643463/diagnostic-capacity-of-sd-oct-segmented-ganglion-cell-complex-versus-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-analysis-for-congenital-glaucoma
#3
Laura Morales-Fernandez, Maria Jimenez-Santos, Jose M Martinez-de-la-Casa, Ruben Sanchez-Jean, Maria Nieves, Federico Saenz-Frances, Sofia Garcia-Saenz, Lucia Perucho, Rosario Gomez-de-Liaño, Julian Garcia-Feijoo
PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic performance of circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (cpRNFL) analysis versus segmented ganglion cell complex analysis both by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in children with primary congenital glaucoma (PCG). METHODS: Participants were 40 children diagnosed with PCG and 60 healthy children. Ophthalmological data collected (for one eye per child) were cup-disc ratio (C/D) and axial length (AL). SD-OCT with automated segmentation was used to measure the thicknesses and volumes of the macular retinal nerve fiber layer (mRNFL), ganglion cell layer (GCL), and inner plexiform layer (IPL)...
April 12, 2018: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629238/validation-of-the-unc-oct-index-for-the-diagnosis-of-early-glaucoma
#4
Jean-Claude Mwanza, Gary Lee, Donald L Budenz, Joshua L Warren, Michael Wall, Paul H Artes, Thomas M Callan, John G Flanagan
Purpose: To independently validate the performance of the University of North Carolina Optical Coherence Tomography (UNC OCT) Index in diagnosing and predicting early glaucoma. Methods: Data of 118 normal subjects (118 eyes) and 96 subjects (96 eyes) with early glaucoma defined as visual field mean deviation (MD) greater than -4 decibels (dB), aged 40 to 80 years, and who were enrolled in the Full-Threshold Testing Size III, V, VI comparison study were used in this study...
April 2018: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625437/metalloproteinase-adamts16-is-required-for-proper-closure-of-the-optic-fissure
#5
Mingzhe Cao, Jiamin Ouyang, Jingyi Guo, Siyuan Lin, Shuyi Chen
Purpose: Coloboma is a sight-threatening congenital eye disease caused by a failure in optic fissure (OF) closure. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of Adamts16, a metalloproteinase, in OF closure. Methods: RNA in situ hybridization was used to examine the expression of Adamts16 in developing mouse and zebrafish eyes. Morpholino knockdowns were performed to study adamts16 function during zebrafish eye development. Additionally, immunofluorescent staining, RNA in situ hybridization, bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) labeling, TUNEL assays, and high-throughput sequencing were used to examine altered cellular and molecular events in adamts16-morphant optic cups (OCs)...
March 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623722/new-visual-field-indices-of-disharmony-for-early-diagnosis-of-glaucoma-alone-or-associated-with-conventional-parameters
#6
Rodrigo Abreu-Gonzalez, Marta Gonzalez-Hernandez, Cristina Pena-Betancor, Paloma Rodriguez-Esteve, Manuel Gonzalez De La Rosa
PURPOSE: To evaluate the specificity of new perimetric indices based on harmony, alone and in combination with structural data, for glaucoma detection. METHODS: In this prospective observational cross-sectional study, one eye of 105 healthy subjects and 97 early and suspect glaucomas were sequentially included and examined with Cirrus optical coherence tomography, twice with OCULUS Smartfield perimeter (SPARK strategy) and twice with Humphrey Analyzer (24-2 SITA-Fast) at the Ophthalmology Department from the University Hospital La Candelaria...
April 1, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611147/effect-of-improved-navigation-performance-on-the-accuracy-of-implant-placement-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-with-a-ct-based-navigation-system
#7
Ichiro Nakahara, Takayuki Kyo, Yasuo Kuroda, Hidenobu Miki
A computed tomography (CT)-based navigation system is one of the support tools to place implant with appropriate alignment and position in total hip arthroplasty (THA). To determine whether the higher performance of the navigation would further improve the accuracy of implant placement in the clinical setting, we retrospectively compared the navigation accuracy of two different versions of a navigation system. The newer version of the navigation system had an upgraded optical sensor with superior positional accuracy...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606853/the-role-of-corneal-hysteresis-during-the-evaluation-of-patients-with-possible-normal-tension-glaucoma
#8
Ming Chen, Laura Kueny, Arthur L Schwartz
Purpose: There are multiple reports of the role of corneal hysteresis (CH) as an independent risk factor for the diagnosis and risk of progression of normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). Our study measured CH with the Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA) in patients with intraocular pressure (IOP) <21 mmHg to investigate if a low CH would identify NTG in this Asian-based practice. Methods: This was a prospective cross-sectional study of patients who underwent routine eye examination during 2016 in a private practice in Honolulu, Hawaii, where most patients are Asian...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604751/development-of-a-helicon-ion-source-simulations-and-preliminary-experiments
#9
M Afsharmanesh, M Habibi
In the present context, the extraction system of a helicon ion source has been simulated and constructed. Results of the ion source commissioning at up to 20 kV are presented as well as simulations of an ion beam extraction system. Argon current of more than 200 μA at up to 20 kV is extracted and is characterized with a Faraday cup and beam profile monitoring grid. By changing different ion source parameters such as RF power, extraction voltage, and working pressure, an ion beam with current distribution exhibiting a central core has been detected...
March 2018: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582431/retinal-histogenesis-in-an-altricial-avian-species-the-zebra-finch-taeniopygia-guttata-vieillot-1817
#10
Guadalupe Álvarez-Hernán, Elena Sánchez-Resino, Ismael Hernández-Núñez, Alfonso Marzal, Joaquín Rodríguez-León, Gervasio Martín-Partido, Javier Francisco-Morcillo
Comparative developmental studies have shown that the retina of altricial fish and mammals is incompletely developed at birth, and that, during the first days of life, maturation proceeds rapidly. In contrast, precocial fish and mammals are born with fully differentiated retinas. Concerning birds, knowledge about retinal development is generally restricted to a single order of precocial birds, Galliformes, due to the fact that both the chicken and the Japanese quail are considered model systems. However, comparison of embryonic pre-hatchling retinal development between altricial and precocial birds has been poorly explored...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577172/parafoveal-and-optic-disc-vessel-density-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-an-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-study
#11
Laura Moyal, Esther Blumen-Ohana, Marc Blumen, Cybele Blatrix, Frederic Chabolle, Jean-Philippe Nordmann
AIMS: To compare optic disc perfusion, radial peripapillary capillaries (RPC) and macular vascular density, between normal subjects and subjects with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) using spectral-domain OCT angiography (OCTA). METHODS: Sixteen eyes of patients with mild OSAS, 17 eyes with moderate OSAS, 20 eyes with severe OSAS on polygraphy and 28 controls were evaluated with OCTA RT XR Avanti (AngioVue software, Optovue Inc., Fremont, CA). Optic nerve head (ONH), RPC and macular vessel density were measured...
March 25, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576893/the-profile-and-management-of-glaucoma-in-adult-aphakic-patients-following-complicated-cataract-surgery
#12
Ümit Ekşioğlu, Mehmet Yakın, Özgür Balta, Evin Şingar-Özdemir, Hande Hüsniye Telek, Firdevs Örnek, Ilgaz Yalvaç
Objectives: To determine the profile and clinical course of glaucoma in adult aphakic patients following complicated cataract surgery. Materials and Methods: Retrospective chart review of 22 adult aphakic patients (29 eyes) with glaucoma. Results: Mean age was 57.69±14.18 years when aphakia occurred. Mean age at time of presentation to our glaucoma clinic was 62.57±12.47 years. Mean follow-up time was 42.83±57.04 months. Changes between the first and last follow-up visits were as follows: mean intraocular pressure decreased from 26...
February 2018: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575408/studies-with-ray-guillery-on-the-early-development-of-the-visual-pathways-eye-cup-optic-nerve-chiasm-and-optic-tract
#13
Jeremy S H Taylor
This brief article looks back on some of the work and interactions I had with Ray Guillery when I started my academic career in Oxford. I review some of the anatomical work we did using a comparative approach to study the development of the visual pathway, and particularly the optic chiasm. I think many of the questions we tried to address many years ago, are still relevant, and still poorly understood. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
March 25, 2018: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566326/efficient-and-stable-cspbbr-3-quantum-dot-powders-passivated-and-encapsulated-with-a-mixed-silicon-nitride-and-silicon-oxide-inorganic-polymer-matrix
#14
Hee Chang Yoon, Soyoung Lee, Jae Kyu Song, Heesun Yang, Young Rag Do
Despite the excellent optical features of fully inorganic cesium lead halide (CsPbX3 ) perovskite quantum dots (PeQDs), their unstable nature has limited their use in various optoelectronic devices. To mitigate the instability issues of PeQDs, we demonstrate the roles of dual-silicon nitride and silicon oxide ligands of the polysilazane (PSZ) inorganic polymer to passivate the surface defects and form a barrier layer coated onto green CsPbBr3 QDs to maintain the high photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) and improve the environmental stability...
March 22, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563952/optic-nerve-head-parameters-measured-with-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-in-healthy-turkish-children-normal-values-repeatability-and-interocular-symmetry
#15
Ozge Yabas Kiziloglu, Okan Toygar, Baha Toygar, Ali Murat Hacimustafaoglu
To determine normal values, repeatability, and interocular symmetry of optic nerve head measurements, three spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) scans were obtained from 128 healthy Turkish children aged 5-17 years consecutively and prospectively. The mean disc area, rim area, cup volume, cup to disc area ratio, and vertical and horizontal cup to disc ratios were 2.30 ± 0.42 mm2 , 1.84 ± 0.45 mm2 , 0.09 ± 0.10 mm3 , 0.20 ± 0.13, 0.37 ± 0.17, and 0.45 ± 0.20, respectively. The intraclass correlation coefficients were >0...
April 2018: Neuro-ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542319/smartphone-based-mobile-detection-platform-for-rapid-molecular-diagnostics-and-spatiotemporal-disease-mapping
#16
Jinzhao Song, Vikram Pandian, Michael G Mauk, Haim H Bau, Sara Cherry, Laurence C Tisi, Changchun Liu
Rapid and quantitative molecular diagnostics in the field, at home, and at remote clinics is essential for evidence-based disease management, control, and prevention. Conventional molecular diagnostics requires extensive sample preparation, complex instruments, and skilled personnel, restricting its use to centralized laboratories. To overcome these limitations, we designed a simple, inexpensive, hand-held, smartphone-based mobile detection platform, dubbed "smart-connected cup" (SCC), for rapid, connected and quantitative molecular diagnostics...
March 15, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541648/statistical-atlas-based-descriptor-for-an-early-detection-of-optic-disc-abnormalities
#17
Fantin Girard, Conrad Kavalec, Farida Cheriet
Optic disc (OD) appearance in fundus images is one of the clinical indicators considered in the assessment of retinal diseases such as glaucoma. The cup-to-disc ratio (CDR) is the most common clinical measurement used to characterize glaucoma. However, the CDR only evaluates the relative sizes of the cup and the OD via their diameters. We propose to construct an atlas-based shape descriptor (ASD) to statistically characterize the geometric deformations of the OD shape and of the blood vessels' configuration inside the OD region...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525904/decompression-retinochoroidopathy-a-unique-presentation-post-trabeculectomy
#18
Gaurav Mathur, Narottama Sindhu, Deependra Vikram Singh, Gurpreet Singh Garcha
PURPOSE: To present a unique case of decompression retinochoroidopathy presenting with intraretinal, subretinal and preretinal hemorrhages. METHODS: A 65-year-old hypertensive female presented with diminution of vision in right eye of 1-week duration. She had been a known case of primary open-angle glaucoma and had undergone trabeculectomy with mitomycin C in right eye 1 week back. Her day 1 postoperative intraocular pressure was 6 mmHg. Her left eye had undergone Ahmed glaucoma valve surgery for the same 2 years back...
March 10, 2018: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522511/morphogenetic-defects-underlie-superior-coloboma-a-newly-identified-closure-disorder-of-the-dorsal-eye
#19
Jennifer C Hocking, Jakub K Famulski, Kevin H Yoon, Sonya A Widen, Cassidy S Bernstein, Sophie Koch, Omri Weiss, Seema Agarwala, Adi Inbal, Ordan J Lehmann, Andrew J Waskiewicz
The eye primordium arises as a lateral outgrowth of the forebrain, with a transient fissure on the inferior side of the optic cup providing an entry point for developing blood vessels. Incomplete closure of the inferior ocular fissure results in coloboma, a disease characterized by gaps in the inferior eye and recognized as a significant cause of pediatric blindness. Here, we identify eight patients with defects in tissues of the superior eye, a congenital disorder that we term superior coloboma. The embryonic origin of superior coloboma could not be explained by conventional models of eye development, leading us to reanalyze morphogenesis of the dorsal eye...
March 9, 2018: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518875/-the-8-year-follow-up-study-for-clinical-diagnostic-potentials-of-frequency-doubling-technology-perimetry-for-perimetrically-normal-eyes-of-open-angle-glaucoma-patients-with-unilateral-visual-field-loss
#20
X Fan, L L Wu, G G Xiao, Z Z Ma, F Liu
Objective: To analyze potentials of frequency-doubling technology perimetry (FDP) for diagnosing open-angle glaucoma (OAG) in perimetrically normal eyes of OAG patients diagnosed with standard automated perimetry (SAP) and relating factors from abnormalities on FDP to visual field loss on SAP. Methods: A prospective cohort study. Sixty-eight eyes of 68 OAG patients visiting the ophthalmic clinic of Peking University Third Hospital during November 2003 and October 2007 [32 primary open-angle glaucoma patients and 36 normal tension glaucoma patients, 32 males and 36 females, with an average age of (59±13) years] with unilateral field loss detected by SAP (Octopus101 tG2 program) were examined with the FDP N-30 threshold program (Humphrey Instruments) at baseline...
March 11, 2018: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
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