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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809634/-wear-and-roughness-of-bearing-surface-in-retrieved-polyethylene-bicon-plus-cups
#1
M Ranuša, J Gallo, M Hobza, M Vrbka, D Nečas, M Hartl
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY By 7th December 2016, 4,755 Bicon-Plus cups in total were implanted in the Czech Republic. Some of them have been continuously re-operated, while the most frequent reason of failure is polyethylene wear and aseptic loosening. The present study is focused on surface analysis of retrieved polyethylene Bicon-Plus cups and the determination of the roughness of their bearing surfaces. MATERIAL AND METHODS In this study, we had 13 high molecular weight polyethylene cups with the average time in situ of 8...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808597/visual-evoked-potentials-in-primary-open-angle-glaucoma
#2
Mukesh Kumar Jha, Dilip Thakur, Nirmala Limbu, Badri Prasad Badhu, Bishnu Hari Paudel
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Visual evoked potentials (VEPs) assess the integrity of the visual pathways from the optic nerve to the occipital cortex. Optic disc cupping and visual field loss have been associated with prolongation of latency of VEP in primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). METHODS: Pattern reversal and flash VEP tests were done in consenting 20 primary open angle glaucoma eyes and 40 normal control eyes. RESULTS: In POAG cases, the refractive error [3...
2017: Journal of Neurodegenerative Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802687/-oct-topographic-characteristics-of-the-optic-nerve-in-patients-clinically-suspected-to-have-large-optic-disc-cupping-in-togo
#3
N Maneh, K D Ayena, K Vonor, K B Nonon Saa, K M Amedome, K B Dzidzinyo, C B Ikessieba, K R Kuaovi, M Banla, K P Balo
PURPOSE: To describe topographic characteristics of optic discs clinically suspected of large cupping. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is retrospective study conducted from the January 2 to December 31 on the OCT registry and data base of a private ophthalmologic center in Lomé (Togo). We included records of patients with large cupping - CDR (cup-to-disc ratio) ≥ 0.4 -clinically observed and having undergone OCT-optic disc analysis. RESULTS: Three hundred and thirty-five patients (619 eyes) were studied, with a mean age of 41...
August 9, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797550/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-of-the-peripapillary-retina-in-primary-angle-closure-glaucoma
#4
Shunhua Zhang, Chan Wu, Liang Liu, Yali Jia, Yao Zhang, Yang Zhang, Hua Zhang, Yong Zhong, David Huang
PURPOSE: To measure the change of peripapillary retinal vessel density (VD) in eyes with a history of acute primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG). DESIGN: Case-control study. METHODS: Twenty-one consecutive Chinese patients with history of unilateral acute PACG were enrolled. Eyes with acute PACG constituted the case group, while the contralateral eyes without attack constituted the control. All patients underwent ophthalmic examinations including best-corrected visual acuity, intraocular pressure, and visual field (VF)...
August 7, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783216/sensitive-quantitative-naked-eye-biodetection-with-polyhedral-cu-nanoshells
#5
Jae-Ho Kim, Jeong-Eun Park, Mouhong Lin, Sungi Kim, Gyeong-Hwan Kim, SungJun Park, GwangPyo Ko, Jwa-Min Nam
One of the most heavily used methods in chemical and biological labeling, detection, and imaging is based on silver shell-based enhancement on Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) that is useful for amplifying Rayleigh scattering, colorimetric signal, surface-enhanced Raman scattering, and electrical signal, but poor structural controllability and nonspecific growth of silver shells have limited its applications, especially with respect to signal reproducibility and quantification. Here, a highly specific, well-defined Cu nanopolyhedral shell overgrowth chemistry is developed with the aid of polyethyleneimine (PEI) on AuNPs, and the use of this PEI-mediated Cu polyhedral nanoshell (CuP) chemistry is shown as a means of light-scattering signal enhancement for the development of naked-eye-based highly sensitive and quantitative detections of DNA and viruses...
August 7, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780619/evaluation-of-optic-disc-retinal-nerve-fiber-and-macular-ganglion-cell-layers-in-pediatric-diabetes
#6
Evre Pekel, Selda Ayça Altıncık, Gökhan Pekel
PURPOSE: Our aim was to compare optic disc parameters, retinal nerve fiber (RNFL) and macular ganglion cell layers between children and adolescents with diabetes mellitus (type 1) and healthy controls. METHODS: Sixty-three eyes of 63 pediatric diabetic patients without diabetic retinopathy and 44 eyes of 44 healthy controls were included in this cross-sectional and comparative study. Diabetic and control groups were similar in the aspect of age, gender and refractive error...
August 5, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772594/in-vitro-evaluation-of-dentin-tubule-occlusion-for-novel-calcium-lactate-phosphate-clp-paste
#7
Jen-Chang Yang, Hsin-Tai Hu, Sheng-Yang Lee, Sung-Chih Hsieh, Pei-Chi Huang, Chen-Feng Ma, Dian-Yu Ji, Liang-Yu Chang, Nai-Chia Teng
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this in vitro study is to evaluate the effective and long-term occlusion of dentinal tubules using a novel calcium lactate phosphate (CLP) based desensitizing agent. METHODS: Dentin disks (n = 9) were pre-etched using 1 M lactic acid for 30 s and individually treated with Colgate(®) Pro-Relief™ paste, CLP paste, and double distilled water (ddH₂O) by a rubber-cupped handpiece. Dentin disks were analyzed under optical micrographs for pre-treatment, directly after treatment, and 14 days post-treatment...
February 27, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757693/effect-of-phacoemulsification-on-measurement-of-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-and-optic-nerve-head-parameters-using-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography
#8
Bhaskar Jha, Reetika Sharma, Murugesan Vanathi, Tushar Agarwal, Talvir Sidhu, Ankit Tomar, Tanuj Dada
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of phacoemulsification cataract extraction on measurement of retinal nerve fiber layer and optic nerve head parameters using spectral domain optical coherence tomography. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective, hospital-based study of 100 patients of 40 years of age and above, with no other ocular morbidity except cataract and planned for phacoemulsification with IOL implantation (SN60WF) at a tertiary centre at AIIMS, New Delhi, India...
May 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744095/agreement-on-the-evaluation-of-glaucomatous-optic-nerve-head-findings-by-ophthalmology-residents-and-a-glaucoma-specialist
#9
Julia D Rossetto, Luiz Alberto S Melo, Mauro S Campos, Ivan M Tavares
OBJECTIVES: To assess agreement among ophthalmology residents and a glaucoma expert in the evaluation of cross-sectional glaucomatous optic nerve head characteristics using stereoscopic photographs. METHODS: Twenty stereo photographs were analyzed by ophthalmology residents just after completion of their first (First-Year Group) or third (Third-Year Group) year of residency and by a glaucoma expert. The agreement was assessed using the kappa statistic (κ) and limits of agreement...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739100/movement-of-retinal-vessels-toward-the-optic-nerve-head-after-increasing-intraocular-pressure-in-monkey-eyes-with-experimental-glaucoma
#10
Atsumi Kuroda, Nobuko Enomoto, Kyoko Ishida, Masamitsu Shimazawa, Tetsuro Noguchi, Naoto Horai, Hirotaka Onoe, Hideaki Hara, Goji Tomita
A shift or displacement of the retinal blood vessels (RBVs) with neuroretinal rim thinning indicates the progression of glaucomatous optic neuropathy. In chronic open angle glaucoma, individuals with RBV positional shifts exhibit more rapid visual field loss than those without RBV shifts. The retinal vessels reportedly move onto the optic nerve head (ONH) in response to glaucoma damage, suggesting that RBVs are pulled toward the ONH in response to increased cupping. Whether this phenomenon only applies to RVBs located in the vicinity or inside the ONH or, more generally, to RBVs also located far from the ONH, however, is unclear...
September 2017: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734530/joint-optic-disc-and-cup-boundary-extraction-from-monocular-fundus-images
#11
Arunava Chakravarty, Jayanthi Sivaswamy
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Accurate segmentation of optic disc and cup from monocular color fundus images plays a significant role in the screening and diagnosis of glaucoma. Though optic cup is characterized by the drop in depth from the disc boundary, most existing methods segment the two structures separately and rely only on color and vessel kink based cues due to the lack of explicit depth information in color fundus images. METHODS: We propose a novel boundary-based Conditional Random Field formulation that extracts both the optic disc and cup boundaries in a single optimization step...
August 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732047/in-vivo-analysis-of-glaucoma-related-features-within-the-optic-nerve-head-using-enhanced-depth-imaging-optical-coherence-tomography
#12
Tiago S Prata, Flavio S Lopes, Vitor G Prado, Izabela Almeida, Igor Matsubara, Syril Dorairaj, Rafael L Furlanetto, Roberto M Vessani, Augusto Paranhos
Structural differences between optic nerve head (ONH) parameters in glaucomatous and non-glaucomatous eyes has been documented, however the association between such parameters in patients with different disease stages is yet to be elucidated. We investigated the relationship between different laminar and prelaminar ONH structures using enhanced depth imaging spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (EDI OCT) in a population with and without glaucoma. In this observational case-control study, we prospectively enrolled healthy individuals and glaucomatous patients with different disease stages...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729440/the-transcription-factor-foxg1-promotes-optic-fissure-closure-in-the-mouse-by-suppressing-wnt8b-in-the-nasal-optic-stalk
#13
Rowena Smith, Yu-Ting Huang, Tian Tian, Dominika Vojtasova, Oscar Mesalles-Naranjo, Steven M Pollard, Thomas Pratt, David J Price, Vassiliki Fotaki
During vertebrate eye morphogenesis a transient fissure forms at its inferior part, known as the optic fissure. This will gradually close giving rise to a healthy, spherical optic cup. Failure of the optic fissure to close gives rise to an ocular disorder known as coloboma. During this developmental process Foxg1 is expressed in the optic neuroepithelium, with highest levels of expression in the nasal optic stalk. Foxg1-/- mutant mice have microphthalmic eyes with a large ventral coloboma. We found Wnt8b expression upregulated in the Foxg1-/- optic stalk and hypothesized that, similar to what is observed in telencephalic development, Foxg1 directs development of the optic neuroepithelium through transcriptional suppression of Wnt8b To test this, we generated Foxg1-/-;Wnt8b-/- double mutants of either sex and found that the morphology of the optic cup and stalk and the closure of the optic fissure were substantially rescued in these embryos...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727836/the-disc-damage-likelihood-scale-diagnostic-accuracy-and-correlations-with-cup-to-disc-ratio-structural-tests-and-standard-automated-perimetry
#14
Andrea C Kara-José, Luiz Alberto S Melo, Bruno L B Esporcatte, Angelica T N H Endo, Mauro Toledo Leite, Ivan Maynart Tavares
Our objective was to compare the diagnostic accuracies of and to determine the correlations between the disc damage likelihood scale (DDLS) and anatomical and functional tests used for glaucoma detection. A total of 54 healthy subjects (54 eyes) and 47 primary open-angle glaucoma patients (47 eyes) were included in this cross-sectional observational study. DDLS scores and cup-to-disc (C/D) ratios were evaluated. Subjects underwent standard automated perimetry (SAP), optic disc and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) imaging with time and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (TD and SD-OCT), Heidelberg Retina Tomograph (HRT II), and scanning laser polarimetry (GDx-VCC)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723781/assessment-of-optic-disc-and-ganglion-cell-layer-in-diabetes-mellitus-type-2
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Evre Pekel, Gökhan Tufaner, Hüseyin Kaya, Alper Kaşıkçı, Gökhan Deda, Gökhan Pekel
The purpose of this study was to compare the optic disc parameters, retinal nerve fiber (RNFL), and macular ganglion cell layers between patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) type 2 and healthy controls.In this cross-sectional study, 69 eyes of 69 diabetic patients without diabetic retinopathy and 47 eyes of 47 healthy controls were included. Optic disc parameters (i.e., rim area, disc area, cup to disc ratio, cup volume), RNFL, and macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layers (GCL + IPL) thickness were measured by means of spectral domain optical coherence tomography...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717659/identification-and-characterization-of-variants-and-a-novel-4%C3%A2-bp-deletion-in-the-regulatory-region-of-six6-a-risk-factor-for-primary-open-angle-glaucoma
#16
Mohd Hussain Shah, Noemi Tabanera, Subbaiah Ramasamy Krishnadas, Manju R Pillai, Paola Bovolenta, Periasamy Sundaresan
BACKGROUND: Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is a complex disease of multigenic inheritance and the most common subtype of glaucoma. SIX6 encodes a transcription factor involved in retina, optic nerve, and pituitary development. Previous studies showed a genetic association between the SIX6 locus and POAG, identifying risk alleles. Whether these alleles are present also in the south Indian population is unclear. METHODS: To address this question, the SIX6 gene and an already characterized and highly conserved SIX6 enhancer (Ch14:60974427-60974430) were sequenced in two south Indian cohorts, respectively, composed of 65/65 and 200/200 POAG cases/age-matched controls...
July 2017: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700940/in%C3%A2-vitro-modeling-using-ciliopathy-patient-derived-cells-reveals-distinct-cilia-dysfunctions-caused-by-cep290-mutations
#17
Hiroko Shimada, Quanlong Lu, Christine Insinna-Kettenhofen, Kunio Nagashima, Milton A English, Elizabeth M Semler, Jacklyn Mahgerefteh, Artur V Cideciyan, Tiansen Li, Brian P Brooks, Meral Gunay-Aygun, Samuel G Jacobson, Tiziana Cogliati, Christopher J Westlake, Anand Swaroop
Mutations in CEP290, a transition zone protein in primary cilia, cause diverse ciliopathies, including Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) and Joubert-syndrome and related disorders (JSRD). We examined cilia biogenesis and function in cells derived from CEP290-LCA and CEP290-JSRD patients. CEP290 protein was reduced in LCA fibroblasts with no detectable impact on cilia; however, optic cups derived from induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) of CEP290-LCA patients displayed less developed photoreceptor cilia. Lack of CEP290 in JSRD fibroblasts resulted in abnormal cilia and decreased ciliogenesis...
July 11, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700125/optical-assessment-of-mammographic-breast-density-by-a-12-wavelength-versus-a-continuous-spectrum-optical-spectroscopy-device
#18
E Jane Walter, Lothar Lilge
A 12-laser-wavelength, fixed source-detector position, cup-based optical breast spectroscopy (OBS) device was developed for use in large-scale, multi-center trials as a mammographic breast density (MBD) quantification and breast cancer risk pre-screening tool. In this study, the device was evaluated in comparison with a spectrometer-based device used in previous studies. The devices were compared on their ability to predict mammographic percent density (MPD) and to identify women with high MBD from optical spectra...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691238/structure-and-ultrastructure-of-eyes-and-brains-of-thalia-democratica-thaliacea-tunicata-chordata
#19
Katrin Braun, Thomas Stach
Salps are marine planktonic chordates that possess an obligatory alternation of reproductive modes in subsequent generations. Within tunicates, salps represent a derived life cycle and are of interest in considerations of the evolutionary origin of complex anatomical structures and life history strategies. In the present study, the eyes and brains of both the sexual, aggregate blastozooid and the asexual, solitary oozooid stage of Thalia democratica (Forskål, ) were digitally reconstructed in detail based on serial sectioning for light and transmission electron microscopy...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Morphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683479/-diagnostic-precision-of-the-confocal-scanning-laser-ophthalmoscopy-in-the-large-optic-disc-with-physiological-excavation-a-long-term-study
#20
Eva Charlotte Koch, Niklas Plange, Matthias Fuest, Hannah Schimitzek, David Kuerten
We repeatedly examined 17 subjects with presumed bilateral physiological excavation labeled as pathological and/or borderline via HRT to verify the diagnosis of physiological cupping or to monitor the long-term progression into normal tension glaucoma. Patients and Methods 17 Subjects with presumed bilateral physiological cupping and large optic discs were included in this long-term follow-up study. All subjects underwent regular detailed ophthalmologic examinations, including intraocular pressure measurement via Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT), retinal nerve fiber layer imaging via optical coherence tonometry (OCT) and visual field testing and optic disc imaging using the HRT...
July 6, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
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