keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Lymphatic endothelial cells

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105461/the-hepatic-lymphatic-vascular-system-structure-function-markers-and-lymphangiogenesis
#1
REVIEW
Masatake Tanaka, Yasuko Iwakiri
The lymphatic vascular system has been minimally explored in the liver despite its essential functions including maintenance of tissue fluid homeostasis. The discovery of specific markers for lymphatic endothelial cells has advanced the study of lymphatics by methods including imaging, cell isolation, and transgenic animal models and has resulted in rapid progress in lymphatic vascular research during the last decade. These studies have yielded concrete evidence that lymphatic vessel dysfunction plays an important role in the pathogenesis of many diseases...
November 2016: Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101903/development-and-characterization-of-anti-glycopeptide-monoclonal-antibodies-against-human-podoplanin-using-glycan-deficient-cell-lines-generated-by-crispr-cas9-and-talen
#2
Mika K Kaneko, Takuro Nakamura, Ryusuke Honma, Satoshi Ogasawara, Yuki Fujii, Shinji Abe, Michiaki Takagi, Hiroyuki Harada, Hiroyoshi Suzuki, Yasuhiko Nishioka, Yukinari Kato
Human podoplanin (hPDPN), which binds to C-type lectin-like receptor-2 (CLEC-2), is involved in platelet aggregation and cancer metastasis. The expression of hPDPN in cancer cells or cancer-associated fibroblasts indicates poor prognosis. Human lymphatic endothelial cells, lung-type I alveolar cells, and renal glomerular epithelial cells express hPDPN. Although numerous monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against hPDPN are available, they recognize peptide epitopes of hPDPN. Here, we generated a novel anti-hPDPN mAb, LpMab-21...
January 19, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101214/parp-1-may-be-involved-in-angiogenesis-in-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#3
Wei Wei, Yan Li, Shuqing Lv, Cancan Zhang, Yongjie Tian
Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP-1) is involved in DNA repair and has been implicated in chemoresistance. The present study investigated whether PARP-1 promotes angiogenesis in ovarian cancer. PARP-1 and vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) expression and CD34(+) microvascular density (MVD) were assessed using immunohistochemistry in 60 human epithelial ovarian cancer specimens. PARP-1 was stably knocked-down in SKOV3 cells using a specific small interfering RNA (siRNA); angiogenic capacity was assessed using the human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) tubule formation assay; and PARP-1 and VEGF-A expression were examined by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction, western blotting and ELISA...
December 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099593/angiosarcoma-in-hiv-negative-patients-is-not-associated-with-hhv-8
#4
João Avancini, José Antonio Sanches, Andre Pires Zanata Cherubim, Renato Pazzini, Cristina Mendes de Oliveira, Laura Masami Sumita, Neusa Yuriko Sakai Valente, Claudio Sergio Pannuti, Cyro Festa
BACKGROUND: Angiosarcoma is an aggressive, malignant neoplasm of vascular or lymphatic origin. Herpes virus 8 (HHV-8) is a member of the herpes family with a tropism for endothelial cells and it has been proven to induce vascular neoplasms, such as Kaposi's sarcoma. The role of HHV-8 in the pathogenesis of angiosarcoma has not been well defined. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the presence of HHV-8 and angiosarcoma. METHODS: In this study, the team investigated the relationship between the presence of HHV-8, as determined by polymerase chain reaction, and angiosarcoma, using samples from patients with epidemic Kaposi's sarcoma as controls...
November 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096093/lymphangiogenesis-is-a-feature-of-acute-gvhd-and-vegfr-3-inhibition-protects-against-experimental-gvhd
#5
Sarah Mertlitz, Yu Shi, Martina Kalupa, Carsten Grötzinger, Jörg Mengwasser, Katarina Riesner, Steffen Cordes, Sefer Elezkurtaj, Olaf Penack
Lymph vessels play a crucial role for immune reactions in health and disease. In oncology the inhibition of lymphangiogenesis is an established therapeutic concept to reduce metastatic spreading of tumor cells. During allogeneic tissue transplantation the inhibition of lymphangiogenesis has been successfully used to attenuate graft rejection. Despite its critical importance for tumor growth, allo-immune responses and inflammation, the role of lymphangiogenesis has not been investigated during allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT)...
January 17, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092460/a-three-dimensional-lymphatic-endothelial-cell-tube-formation-assay-to-identify-novel-kinases-involved-in-lymphatic-vessel-remodeling
#6
T Jessica Gambino, Steven P Williams, Carol Caesar, Daniel Resnick, Cameron J Nowell, Rae H Farnsworth, Marc G Achen, Steven A Stacker, Tara Karnezis
The lymphatic system is a series of vessels that transport cells and excess fluid from tissues to the blood vascular system. Normally quiescent, the lymphatics can grow or remodel in response to developmental, immunological, or cells pathological stimuli. Lymphatic vessels comprise lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs) that can respond to external growth factors by undergoing proliferation, migration, adhesion, and tube and lumen formation into new vessel structures, a process known as lymphangiogenesis. To understand the key gene and signaling pathways necessary for lymphangiogenesis and lymphatic vessel remodeling, we have developed a three-dimensional LEC tube formation assay to explore the role of kinase signaling in these processes...
January 2017: Assay and Drug Development Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092374/the-movers-and-shapers-in-immune-privilege-of-the-cns
#7
REVIEW
Britta Engelhardt, Peter Vajkoczy, Roy O Weller
Discoveries leading to an improved understanding of immune surveillance of the central nervous system (CNS) have repeatedly provoked dismissal of the existence of immune privilege of the CNS. Recent rediscoveries of lymphatic vessels within the dura mater surrounding the brain, made possible by modern live-cell imaging technologies, have revived this discussion. This review emphasizes the fact that understanding immune privilege of the CNS requires intimate knowledge of its unique anatomy. Endothelial, epithelial and glial brain barriers establish compartments in the CNS that differ strikingly with regard to their accessibility to immune-cell subsets...
February 2017: Nature Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087600/sunitinib-stimulates-expression-of-vegfc-by-tumor-cells-and-promotes-lymphangiogenesis-in-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinomas
#8
Maeva Dufies, Sandy Giuliano, Damien Ambrosetti, Audrey Claren, Papa Diogop Ndiaye, Michalis Mastri, Walid Moghrabi, Lindsay S Cooley, Marc Ettaiche, Emmanuel Chamorey, Julien Parola, Valerie Vial, Marilena Lupu-Plesu, Jean-Christophe Bernhard, Alain Ravaud, Delphine Borchiellini, Jean Marc Ferrero, Andreas Bikfalvi, John M L Ebos, Khalid S A Khabar, Renaud Grepin, Gilles Pagès
Sunitinib is an antiangiogenic therapy given as a first-line treatment for renal cell carcinoma (RCC). While treatment improves progression-free survival, most patients relapse. We hypothesized that patient relapse can stem from the development of a lymphatic network driven by the production of the main growth factor for lymphatic endothelial cells, vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGFC). In this study, we found that sunitinib can stimulate VEGFC gene transcription and increase VEGFC mRNA half-life. Additionally, sunitinib activated p38 MAP kinase, which resulted in the upregulation/activity of HuR and inactivation of tristetraprolin, two AU-rich-element binding proteins...
January 13, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081372/role-of-hyperplasia-of-gingival-lymphatics-in-periodontal-inflammation
#9
P Papadakou, A Bletsa, M A Yassin, T V Karlsen, H Wiig, E Berggreen
Lymphatic vessels are important for maintenance of tissue fluid homeostasis and afferent antigen transport. In chronic inflammation, lymphangiogenesis takes place and is characterized by lymphatic endothelial cell proliferation and lymphatic hyperplasia. Vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGFC) is the main known lymphangiogenic growth factor, and its expression is increased in periodontitis, a common chronic infectious disease that results in tissue destruction and alveolar bone loss. The role of lymphangiogenesis during development of periodontitis is unknown...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068246/intercellular-adhesion-molecule-1-and-vascular-cell-adhesion-molecule-are-induced-by-ionizing-radiation-on-lymphatic-endothelium
#10
María E Rodriguez-Ruiz, Saray Garasa, Inmaculada Rodriguez, Jose Luis Solorzano, Benigno Barbes, Alba Yanguas, Alvaro Teijeira, Iñaki Etxeberria, José Javier Aristu, Cornelia Halin, Ignacio Melero, Ana Rouzaut
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to assess the effects of ionizing radiation on the expression of the integrin ligands ICAM-1 and VCAM that control leucocyte transit by lymphatic endothelial cells. MATERIALS/METHODS: Confluent monolayers of primary human lymphatic endothelial cells (LEC) were irradiated with single dose of 2, 5, 10 or 20 Gy, with 6 MeV-x-rays using a Linear-Accelerator. ICAM-1 and VCAM expression was determined by flow cytometry. Human tissue specimens received a single dose of 20 Gy with 15 MeV-x-rays...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056899/pge2-promotes-breast-cancer-associated-lymphangiogenesis-by-activation-of-ep4-receptor-on-lymphatic-endothelial-cells
#11
Pinki Nandi, Gannareddy V Girish, Mousumi Majumder, Xiping Xin, Elena Tutunea-Fatan, Peeyush K Lala
BACKGROUND: Lymphatic metastasis, facilitated by lymphangiogenesis is a common occurrence in breast cancer, the molecular mechanisms remaining incompletely understood. We had earlier shown that cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 expression by human or murine breast cancer cells promoted lymphangiogenesis and lymphatic metastasis by upregulating VEGF-C/D production by tumor cells or tumor-associated macrophages primarily due to activation of the prostaglandin receptor EP4 by endogenous PGE2. It is not clear whether tumor or host-derived PGE2 has any direct effect on lymphangiogenesis, and if so, whether EP4 receptors on lymphatic endothelial cells (LEC) play any role...
January 5, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055225/overexpression-of-prox1-induces-the-differentiation-of-human-adipose-derived-stem-cells-into-lymphatic-endothelial-like-cells-in-vitro
#12
Jingcheng Deng, Tingting Dai, Yiyu Sun, Qi Zhang, Zhaohua Jiang, Shengli Li, Weigang Cao
Constant levels of homeobox transcription factor Prox1 expression are required throughout the life of lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs) to maintain their differentiated identity. Recent studies have demonstrated that using human LECs for cell transplantation therapy may improve secondary lymphedema in a nude rat model. However, the application is currently limited by the low yield of LECs. In this study, Prox1 was overexpressed in human adipose tissue-derived stem cells (hADSCs) by using the transfection of lentiviral vectors to induce the differentiation of hADSCs to LECs...
January 5, 2017: Cellular Reprogramming
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052488/lymphatic-endothelial-cells-produce-m-csf-causing-massive-bone-loss-in-mice
#13
Wensheng Wang, Hua Wang, Xichao Zhou, Xing Li, Sun Wen, Michael Dellinger, Brendan F Boyce, Lianping Xing
Gorham-Stout disease (GSD) is a rare bone disorder characterized by aggressive osteolysis associated with lymphatic vessel invasion within bone marrow cavities. The etiology of GSD is not known and there is no effective therapy or animal model for the disease. Here, we investigated if lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs) affect osteoclasts (OCs) to cause a GSD osteolytic phenotype in mice. We examined the effect of a mouse LEC line on osteoclastogenesis in co-cultures. LECs significantly increased RANKL-mediated OC formation and bone resorption...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052056/genome-wide-in-vivo-screen-identifies-novel-host-regulators-of-metastatic-colonization
#14
Louise van der Weyden, Mark J Arends, Andrew D Campbell, Tobias Bald, Hannah Wardle-Jones, Nicola Griggs, Martin Del Castillo Velasco-Herrera, Thomas Tüting, Owen J Sansom, Natasha A Karp, Simon Clare, Diane Gleeson, Edward Ryder, Antonella Galli, Elizabeth Tuck, Emma L Cambridge, Thierry Voet, Iain C Macaulay, Kim Wong, Sanger Mouse Genetics Project, Sarah Spiegel, Anneliese O Speak, David J Adams
Metastasis is the leading cause of death for cancer patients. This multi-stage process requires tumour cells to survive in the circulation, extravasate at distant sites, then proliferate; it involves contributions from both the tumour cell and tumour microenvironment ('host', which includes stromal cells and the immune system). Studies suggest the early steps of the metastatic process are relatively efficient, with the post-extravasation regulation of tumour growth ('colonization') being critical in determining metastatic outcome...
January 4, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042324/mapping-sentinel-lymph-node-metastasis-by-dual-probe-optical-imaging
#15
Xiangyu Yang, Zhe Wang, Fuwu Zhang, Guizhi Zhu, Jibin Song, Gao-Jun Teng, Gang Niu, Xiaoyuan Chen
Purpose: Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) has emerged as the preferred standard procedure in patients with breast cancer, melanoma and other types of cancer. Herein, we developed a method to intra-operatively map SLNs and differentiate tumor metastases within SLNs at the same time, with the aim to provide more accurate and real-time intraoperative guidance. Experimental Design: Hyaluronic acid (HA), a ligand of lymphatic vessel endothelial hyaluronan receptor (LYVE)-1, is employed as a SLN mapping agent after being conjugated with a near-infrared fluorophore (Cy5...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036019/lymph-nodes-and-cancer-metastasis-new-perspectives-on-the-role-of-intranodal-lymphatic-sinuses
#16
REVIEW
Rui-Cheng Ji
The lymphatic system is essential for transporting interstitial fluid, soluble antigen, and immune cells from peripheral tissues to lymph nodes (LNs). Functional integrity of LNs is dependent on intact lymphatics and effective lymph drainage. Molecular mechanisms that facilitate interactions between tumor cells and lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs) during tumor progression still remain to be identified. The cellular and molecular structures of LNs are optimized to trigger a rapid and efficient immune response, and to participate in the process of tumor metastasis by stimulating lymphangiogenesis and establishing a premetastatic niche in LNs...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035672/molecular-insights-into-tumour-metastasis-tracing-the-dominant-events
#17
REVIEW
Ke Jin, Tong Li, Hans van Dam, Fangfang Zhou, Long Zhang
Metastasis of malignant cells to vital organs remains the major cause of mortality in many types of cancers. The tumour invasion-metastasis cascade is a stepwise and multistage process whereby tumour cells disseminate from primary sites and spread to colonise distant sites through the systemic haematogenous or lymphatic circulations. The general steps of metastasis may be similar in almost all tumour types, but metastasis to different tissues seems to require distinct sets of regulators and/or an "educated" microenvironment which may facilitate the infiltration and colonisation of tumour cells to specific tissues...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028002/aqueous-outflow-a-continuum-from-trabecular-meshwork-to-episcleral-veins
#18
REVIEW
Teresia Carreon, Elizabeth van der Merwe, Ronald L Fellman, Murray Johnstone, Sanjoy K Bhattacharya
In glaucoma, lowered intraocular pressure (IOP) confers neuroprotection. Elevated IOP characterizes glaucoma and arises from impaired aqueous humor (AH) outflow. Increased resistance in the trabecular meshwork (TM), a filter-like structure essential to regulate AH outflow, may result in the impaired outflow. Flow through the 360° circumference of TM structures may be non-uniform, divided into high and low flow regions, termed as segmental. After flowing through the TM, AH enters Schlemm's canal (SC), which expresses both blood and lymphatic markers; AH then passes into collector channel entrances (CCE) along the SC external well...
December 24, 2016: Progress in Retinal and Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027079/differentiating-intralymphatic-histiocytosis-intravascular-histiocytosis-and-subtypes-of-reactive-angioendotheliomatosis-review-of-clinical-and-histologic-features-of-all-cases-reported-to-date
#19
Sean E Mazloom, Alicia Stallings, Angela Kyei
Reactive angioendotheliomatosis (REA) is a rare benign angioproliferative condition of the skin, which has been noted to occur in patients with a variety of underlying systemic diseases. Histopathologically, this condition is characterized by vascular proliferation, and endothelial cell hyperplasia within the lumina and around dermal vessels, without significant cellular atypia. Since the first case of RAE was reported in 1958, multiple histologic patterns of benign cutaneous vascular proliferations with similar clinical presentations to RAE have been described in the literature and have been proposed as subtypes of the originally described condition...
January 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026853/lyve1-and-prox1-in-the-reconstruction-of-hepatic-sinusoids-after-partial-hepatectomy-in-mice
#20
Fanwei Meng
Revascularization is crucial to liver regeneration after liver injury, but the process remains unclear. This study investigated changes in the levels and distribution of lymphatic vessel endothelial hyaluronan receptor 1 (LYVE1) and prospero homeobox protein 1 (PROX1) in liver tissue sections after partial hepatectomy in mice. Mice were subjected to partial hepatectomy. Control animals were sham-operated. From days 1 through 8, the remaining liver tissues were collected from 8 animals each day. Histology showed that after partial hepatectomy, the remaining liver tissue samples underwent initial degeneration and then hepatocyte proliferation and regeneration...
December 27, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
keyword
keyword
42143
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"