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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507338/impact-of-trace-minerals-on-wound-healing-of-footpad-dermatitis-in-broilers
#1
Juxing Chen, Guillermo Tellez, Jeffery Escobar, Mercedes Vazquez-Anon
Footpad dermatitis (FPD) is used in the poultry industry as an animal welfare criterion to determine stocking density. Trace minerals (TM) play a role in skin integrity and wound healing. This study evaluated the impact of TM on FPD and consisted of 3 treatments supplemented with 0 (NTM), low (LTM) and high (HTM) TM levels in the same basal diet. On d21, 71% birds in all treatments developed mild FPD and pens were top-dressed with dry litter to promote FPD healing. Compared to NTM, LTM reduced area under the curve (AUC) of FPD lesion scores during d21-42, HTM reduced the AUC of FPD lesion scores during d7-21 and d21-42...
May 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500139/high-versus-low-gradient-severe-aortic-stenosis-demographics-clinical-outcomes-and-effects-of-the-initial-aortic-valve-replacement-strategy-on-long-term-prognosis
#2
Tomohiko Taniguchi, Takeshi Morimoto, Hiroki Shiomi, Kenji Ando, Norio Kanamori, Koichiro Murata, Takeshi Kitai, Yuichi Kawase, Chisato Izumi, Makoto Miyake, Hirokazu Mitsuoka, Masashi Kato, Yutaka Hirano, Shintaro Matsuda, Tsukasa Inada, Kazuya Nagao, Tomoyuki Murakami, Yasuyo Takeuchi, Keiichiro Yamane, Mamoru Toyofuku, Mitsuru Ishii, Eri Minamino-Muta, Takao Kato, Moriaki Inoko, Tomoyuki Ikeda, Akihiro Komasa, Katsuhisa Ishii, Kozo Hotta, Nobuya Higashitani, Yoshihiro Kato, Yasutaka Inuzuka, Chiyo Maeda, Toshikazu Jinnai, Yuko Morikami, Naritatsu Saito, Kenji Minatoya, Takeshi Kimura
BACKGROUND: There is considerable debate on the management of patients with low-gradient severe aortic stenosis (LG-AS), defined as aortic valve area <1 cm(2) with peak aortic jet velocity ≤4.0 m/s, and mean aortic pressure gradient ≤40 mm Hg. METHODS AND RESULTS: In the CURRENT AS registry (Contemporary Outcomes After Surgery and Medical Treatment in Patients With Severe Aortic Stenosis), there were 2097 patients (initial aortic valve replacement [AVR] strategy: n=977, and conservative strategy: n=1120) with high-gradient severe aortic stenosis (HG-AS) and 1712 patients (initial AVR strategy: n=219, and conservative strategy: n=1493) with LG-AS...
May 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494163/expression-of-14-3-3-zeta-protein-in-dexamethasone-treated-mice-and-human-tm-1-cells
#3
Qian Liu, Yiming Ye, Xianchai Lin, Yangfan Yang, Kaili Wu, Minbin Yu
PURPOSE: 14-3-3 zeta protein plays a potential protective role in neurodegenerative disease. Given that glaucoma and neurodegenerative diseases share a similar pathogenesis, it is possible that 14-3-3 zeta may have a similar protective effect in the glaucomatous process. In the present study, we measured the expression of 14-3-3 zeta in vivo (mouse eyes) and in vitro in a transformed human trabecular meshwork (HTM) cell line, TM-1, and assessed the possible roles of this protein in dexamethasone (DEX)-treated eyes and HTM cells...
May 11, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490356/transhepatic-arterial-infusion-chemotherapy-using-a-combination-of-miriplatin-and-cddp-powder-versus-miriplatin-alone-in-the-treatment-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Kenya Kamimura, Takeshi Suda, Takeshi Yokoo, Hiroteru Kamimura, Tsutomu Kanefuji, Atsunori Tsuchiya, Masaaki Takamura, Hirokazu Kawai, Nobuo Waguri, Satoshi Yamagiwa, Shuji Terai
BACKGROUND: Based on promising results from a Phase I study of hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy using a combination of miriplatin and cisplatin powder (DDP-H) for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (UMIN-CTR000003541), a multicenter, open-label, randomized phase II study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the combination therapy versus miriplatin monotherapy. METHODS: Nineteen patients, five and fourteen Barcelona-Clinic Liver Cancer staging classification A and B cases, respectively, were randomly assigned to receive either miriplatin monotherapy (n = 9) or miriplatin/DDP-H combination therapy (n = 10)...
May 10, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481002/non-conjugated-polymer-as-an-efficient-dopant-free-hole-transporting-material-for-perovskite-solar-cells
#5
Yachao Xu, Tongle Bu, Meijin Li, Tianshi Qin, Chengrong Yin, Nana Wang, Renzhi Li, Jie Zhong, Fuzhi Huang, Hai Li, Yong Peng, Jianpu Wang, Linghai Xie, Wei Huang
A novel non-conjugated polymer (PVCz-OMeDAD) with good solution processability was developed to serve as an efficient dopant-free hole transporting material (HTM) for perovskite solar cells (PSCs). PVCz-OMeDAD was simply prepared by the free-radical polymerization of vinyl monomer which was synthesized from low cost raw materials via three high-yield synthesis steps. The combination of flexible non-conjugated polyvinyl main chain and hole-transporting methoxydiphenylamine-substituted carbazole side chain endowed PVCz-OMeDAD with excellent film-forming ability, suitable energy level, high hole mobility and low interfacial charge recombination...
May 8, 2017: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458747/ch3nh3pbi3-grain-growth-and-interfacial-properties-in-meso-structured-perovskite-solar-cells-fabricated-by-two-step-deposition
#6
Zhibo Yao, Wenli Wang, Heping Shen, Ye Zhang, Qiang Luo, Xuewen Yin, Xuezeng Dai, Jianbao Li, Hong Lin
Although the two-step deposition (TSD) method is widely adopted for the high performance perovskite solar cells (PSCs), the CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite crystal growth mechanism during the TSD process and the photo-generated charge recombination dynamics in the mesoporous-TiO2 (mp-TiO2)/CH3NH3PbI3/hole transporting material (HTM) system remains unexploited. Herein, we modified the concentration of PbI2 (C(PbI2)) solution to control the perovskite crystal properties, and observed an abnormal CH3NH3PbI3 grain growth phenomenon atop mesoporous TiO2 film...
2017: Science and Technology of Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451221/indolo-3-2-b-indole-based-crystalline-hole-transporting-material-for-highly-efficient-perovskite-solar-cells
#7
Illhun Cho, Nam Joong Jeon, Oh Kyu Kwon, Dong Won Kim, Eui Hyuk Jung, Jun Hong Noh, Jangwon Seo, Sang Il Seok, Soo Young Park
We have designed and synthesized fluorinated indolo[3,2-b]indole (IDID) derivatives as crystalline hole-transporting materials (HTM) for perovskite solar cells. The fluorinated IDID backbone enables a tight molecular arrangement stacked by strong π-π interactions, leading to a higher hole mobility than that of the current HTM standard, p,p-spiro-OMeTAD, with a spherical shape and amorphous morphology. Moreover, the photoluminescence quenching in a perovskite/HTM film is more effective at the interface of the perovskite with IDIDF as compared to that of p,p-spiro-OMeTAD...
January 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426839/medical-history-in-the-hellenic-journal-of-nuclear-medicine
#8
EDITORIAL
Andreas Otte
The Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine is about to celebrate its 20th anniversary end of 2017. On board of the editorial team since 2003, this journal has influenced me like a good friend over the many past years. From time to time, the journal has published interesting and valuable historical notes. They show that nuclear medicine has a history and that medicine is its basis. They also teach us today, and some of the ancient perspectives and approaches are still valid. The reader of HJNM may be interested in these historical contributions, as they are timeless...
January 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424261/zinc-absorption-from-milk-is-affected-by-dilution-but-not-by-thermal-processing-and-milk-enhances-absorption-of-zinc-from-high-phytate-rice-in-young-dutch-women
#9
Elise F Talsma, Diego Moretti, Sou Chheng Ly, Renske Dekkers, Ellen Ghm van den Heuvel, Aditia Fitri, Esther Boelsma, Tjeerd Jan Stomph, Christophe Zeder, Alida Melse-Boonstra
Background: Milk has been suggested to increase zinc absorption. The effect of processing and the ability of milk to enhance zinc absorption from other foods has not been measured directly in humans.Objective: We aimed to assess zinc absorption from 1) milk undergoing various processing and preparatory steps and 2) from intrinsically labeled high-phytate rice consumed with milk or water.Methods: Two randomized crossover studies were conducted in healthy young women [age:18-25 y; body mass index (in kg/m(2)): 20-25]: 1) a milk study (n = 19) comparing the consumption of 800 mL full-fat ultra-high temperature (UHT) milk [heat-treated milk (HTM)], full-fat UHT milk diluted 1:1 with water [heat-treated milk and water (MW)], water, or unprocessed (raw) milk (UM), each extrinsically labeled with (67)Zn, and 2) a rice study (n = 18) comparing the consumption of 90 g intrinsically (67)Zn-labeled rice with 600 mL of water [rice and water (RW)] or full-fat UHT milk [rice and milk (RM)]...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409736/angiographic-features-of-hemorrhagic-moyamoya-disease-with-high-recurrence-risk-a-supplementary-analysis-of-the-japan-adult-moyamoya-trial
#10
Takeshi Funaki, Jun C Takahashi, Kiyohiro Houkin, Satoshi Kuroda, Shigekazu Takeuchi, Miki Fujimura, Yasutake Tomata, Susumu Miyamoto
OBJECTIVE In this paper, the authors set out to identify the angiographic features of moyamoya disease with posterior hemorrhage, which is a strong predictor of rebleeding. METHODS This cross-sectional study used the data set of the Japan Adult Moyamoya Trial (clinical trial registration no.: C000000166 [ www.umin.ac.jp/ctr/index.htm ]). The panel designed the ancillary measurement of angiography at onset, classifying the collateral vessels into 3 subtypes: lenticulostriate anastomosis, thalamic anastomosis, and choroidal anastomosis...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401312/core-curriculum-illustration-anterior-process-fracture-of-the-calcaneus
#11
Shaimaa Abdelhassib Fadl, Muhammad Mubashir Ramzan, Claire Kalsch Sandstrom
This is the 28th installment of a series that will highlight one case per publication issue from the bank of cases available online as part of the American Society of Emergency Radiology (ASER) educational resources. Our goal is to generate more interest in and use of our online materials. To view more cases online, please visit the ASER Core Curriculum and Recommendations for Study online at http://www.aseronline.org/curriculum/toc.htm .
April 11, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389706/core-curriculum-case-illustration-medial-peritalar-dislocation
#12
Muhammad Mubashir Ramzan, Shaimaa Abdelhassib Fadl, Claire Kalsch Sandstrom
This is the 29th installment of a series that will highlight one case per publication issue from the bank of cases available online as part of the American Society of Emergency Radiology (ASER) educational resources. Our goal is to generate more interest in and use of our online materials. To view more cases online, please visit the ASER Core Curriculum and Recommendations for Study online at: http://www.aseronline.org/curriculum/toc.htm .
April 7, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388095/biomimetic-bacterial-identification-platform-based-on-thermal-wave-transport-analysis-twta-through-surface-imprinted-polymers
#13
Erik Steen Redeker, Kasper Eersels, Onno Akkermans, Jeroen Royakkers, Simba Dyson, Kunya Nurekeyeva, Beniamino Ferrando, Peter Cornelis, Marloes Peeters, Patrick Wagner, Hanne Diliën, Bart van Grinsven, Thomas Jan Cleij
This paper introduces a novel bacterial identification assay based on thermal wave analysis through surface-imprinted polymers (SIPs). Aluminum chips are coated with SIPs, serving as synthetic cell receptors that have been combined previously with the heat-transfer method (HTM) for the selective detection of bacteria. In this work, the concept of bacterial identification is extended toward the detection of nine different bacterial species. In addition, a novel sensing approach, thermal wave transport analysis (TWTA), is introduced, which analyzes the propagation of a thermal wave through a functional interface...
May 12, 2017: ACS Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378144/development-and-genetic-characterization-of-a-novel-herbicide-imazethapyr-tolerant-mutant-in-rice-oryza-sativa-l
#14
D Shoba, M Raveendran, S Manonmani, S Utharasu, D Dhivyapriya, G Subhasini, S Ramchandar, R Valarmathi, Nitasha Grover, S Gopala Krishnan, A K Singh, Pawan Jayaswal, Prashant Kale, M K Ramkumar, S V Amitha Mithra, T Mohapatra, Kuldeep Singh, N K Singh, N Sarla, M S Sheshshayee, M K Kar, S Robin, R P Sharma
BACKGROUND: Increased water and labour scarcity in major rice growing areas warrants a shift towards direct seeded rice cultivation under which management of weeds is a major issue. Use of broad spectrum non-selective herbicides is an efficient means to manage weeds. Availability of rice genotypes with complete tolerance against broad-spectrum non-selective herbicides is a pre-requisite for advocating use of such herbicides. In the present study, we developed an EMS induced rice mutant, 'HTM-N22', exhibiting tolerance to a broad spectrum herbicide, 'Imazethapyr', and identified the mutations imparting tolerance to the herbicide...
December 2017: Rice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374057/early-diagnosis-of-pancreatic-necrosis-based-on-perfusion-ct-to-predict-the-severity-of-acute-pancreatitis
#15
Yoshihisa Tsuji, Naoki Takahashi, Hiroyoshi Isoda, Koji Koizumi, Sho Koyasu, Miho Sekimoto, Yuichi Imanaka, Shujiro Yazumi, Masanori Asada, Yoshihiro Nishikawa, Hiroshi Yamamoto, Osamu Kikuchi, Tsukasa Yoshida, Tetsuro Inokuma, Shinji Katsushima, Naoki Esaka, Akihiro Okano, Chiharu Kawanami, Nobuyuki Kakiuchi, Masahiro Shiokawa, Yuzo Kodama, Ichiro Moriyama, Takafumi Kajitani, Yoshikazu Kinoshita, Tsutomu Chiba
BACKGROUND: Perfusion CT can diagnose pancreatic necrosis in early stage of severe acute pancreatitis, accurately. However, no study to date has examined whether early diagnosis of pancreatic necrosis is useful in predicting persistent organ failure (POF). METHODS: We performed a multi-center prospective observational cohort study to investigate whether perfusion CT can predict the development of POF in the early stage of AP, based on early diagnosis of the development of pancreatic necrosis (PN)...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369227/high-proportion-of-anorectal-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-after-routine-universal-urogenital-and-anorectal-screening-in-women-visiting-the-sti-clinic
#16
Geneviève Afs van Liere, Nicole Htm Dukers-Muijrers, Luuk Levels, Christian Jpa Hoebe
Background: Testing on indication of self-reported anal sex or symptoms is used to manage anorectal Chlamydia trachomatis (chlamydia) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonorrhoea) infections in women. Little is known about the impact of another testing strategy: routine universal anorectal screening with respect to chlamydia and gonorrhoea prevalence and risk factors. Methods: All women (n=1012) aged ≥16 years attending our STI in 2015 were offered routine universal screening...
March 20, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362614/htm-spatial-pooler-with-memristor-crossbar-circuits-for-sparse-biometric-recognition
#17
Alex Pappachen James, Irina Fedorova, Timur Ibrayev, Dhireesha Kudithipudi
Hierarchical Temporal Memory (HTM) is an online machine learning algorithm that emulates the neo-cortex. The development of a scalable on-chip HTM architecture is an open research area. The two core substructures of HTM are spatial pooler and temporal memory. In this work, we propose a new Spatial Pooler circuit design with parallel memristive crossbar arrays for the 2D columns. The proposed design was validated on two different benchmark datasets, face recognition, and speech recognition. The circuits are simulated and analyzed using a practical memristor device model and 0...
March 1, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353654/the-molecule-of-the-month-website-an-extraordinary-chemistry-educational-resource-online-for-over-20-years
#18
Paul W May, Simon A Cotton, Karl Harrison, Henry S Rzepa
The Molecule of the Month website (http://www.chm.bris.ac.uk/motm/motm.htm) is an educational resource that is celebrating its 20th anniversary. Here we reflect on its pioneering role in promoting new technology for visualizing and presenting chemical information on the web, as well as its achievements, as a free educational resource, both as a teaching aid and as a multi-user, multi-author learning platform. We discuss the legal aspects of such sites, as well as issues around how to make the content permanent...
March 29, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345338/study-of-arylamine-substituted-porphyrins-as-hole-transporting-materials-in-high-performance-perovskite-solar-cells
#19
Song Chen, Peng Liu, Yong Hua, Yuanyuan Li, Lars Kloo, Xingzhu Wang, Beng Ong, Wai-Kwok Wong, Xunjin Zhu
To develop new hole-transporting materials (HTMs) for efficient and stable perovskite solar cells (PSCs), 5,10,15,20-tetrakis{4-[N,N-di(4-methoxylphenyl)amino-phenyl]}-porphyrin was prepared in gram scale through the direct condensation of pyrrole and 4-[bis(4-methoxyphenyl)amino]benzaldehyde. Its Zn(II) and Cu(II) complexes exhibit excellent thermal and electrochemical stability, specifically a high hole mobility and very favorable energetics for hole extraction that render them a new class of HTMs in organometallic halide PSCs...
April 4, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337770/hypoglycemic-effect-of-hawthorn-in-type-ii-diabetes-mellitus-rat-model
#20
Aili Aierken, Tina Buchholz, Chen Chen, Xiaoying Zhang, Matthias F Melzig
BACKGROUND: Hawthorn is a popular herb in many different traditional medicine systems, including traditional Chinese medicine, where it has long been used for the treatment of hyperglycemia. However, most of its varied biological activities remain unexplored. This study investigated the hypoglycemic effect of hawthorn extracts in type II diabetic (T2DM) rat model. A total of 54 rats were randomly divided into six groups: normal control group; type II diabetic model group (T2DM; these rats were induced by high-fat diet and streptozotocin); high, middle and low concentrations of hawthorn treatment (HTH , HTM and HTL T2DM rats were given hawthorn extract at a dose of 50, 100 and 200 mg kg(-1) body weight, respectively); and positive control group (orlistat 40 mg kg(-1) body weight)...
March 23, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
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