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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289618/long-term-follow-up-and-patient-satisfaction-after-reduction-mammoplasty-superomedial-versus-inferior-pedicle
#1
Mohamed Makboul, Mahmoud Abdelhamid, Ghada Al-Attar
BACKGROUND: Surgery for hypertrophied breast represents a challenge for plastic surgeons. The search for a good cosmetic breast has led to the development of many techniques. Objectives for reduction mammoplasty are to achieve elevated, symmetrical breasts, with round shape, good projection, small cicatrices that are not very perceptible, and a lasting result. METHODS: This study was carried out on 60 cases who had done reduction mammoplasty from January 2009 to December 2014...
January 2017: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270386/metabolic-obesity-adipose-inflammation-and-elevated-breast-aromatase-in-women-with-normal-body-mass-index
#2
Neil M Iyengar, Kristy A Brown, Xi Kathy Zhou, Ayca Gucalp, Kotha Subbaramaiah, Dilip D Giri, Heba Zahid, Priya Bhardwaj, Nils K Wendel, Domenick J Falcone, Hanhan Wang, Samantha Williams, Michael Pollak, Monica Morrow, Clifford A Hudis, Andrew J Dannenberg
Obesity is associated with breast white adipose tissue (WAT) inflammation, elevated levels of the estrogen biosynthetic enzyme, aromatase, and systemic changes that have been linked to the pathogenesis of breast cancer. Here, we determined whether metabolic obesity, including changes in breast biology and systemic effects, occurs in a subset of women with normal body mass index (BMI). Breast WAT and fasting blood were collected from 72 women with normal BMI (<25 kg/m(2)) undergoing mastectomy for breast cancer risk reduction or treatment...
March 7, 2017: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255494/juvenile-breast-hypertrophy-a-successful-breast-reduction-of-14-9-body-weight-without-recurrence-in-a-5-year-follow-up
#3
Akmal Hisham, Marzida Abd Latib, Normala Basiron
Juvenile hypertrophy of the breast (JHB) is a rare and relentless disease affecting women in the peripubertal period. We present a 13-year-old girl with massive bilateral JHB, successfully treated with a breast reduction and free nipple graft technique. A total of 7300 grams of breast tissue had been removed, accounting for 14.9% of the patient's total body weight. Prophylactic hormonal therapy was not commenced. During the 5-year follow-up period, there was no recurrence and the patient remains satisfied with the aesthetic outcome...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112868/preoperative-weight-loss-program-targeting-women-with-overweight-and-hypertrophy-of-the-breast-a-pilot-study
#4
N R W Geiker, J Horn, A Astrup
Among women with hypertrophic breasts, the clear majority are overweight or obese. Owing to increased risk of complications, women with a body mass index (BMI) above 25 kg m (-2) are precluded from reduction mammaplasty. The primary aim was to investigate if intensive weight loss could ready women with overweight for breast reduction surgery. Six women, all overweight [BMI 30.9 {28.5; 35.8} kg m (-2) ] with symptomatic hypertrophy of the breast, were included a 12-week weight loss program. All women desired reduction mammaplasty and were motivated for preoperational weight loss...
April 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092230/octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane-d4
#5
(no author information available yet)
Octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4; CAS No. 556-67-2) is used as a monomer in the manufacture of polymeric materials, which are widely used in various industrial and/or medical applications, such as breast implants. D4 has a relatively low order of toxicity following acute administration via the oral, dermal, and inhalation routes of exposure and is not considered to be a dermal or eye irritant or to be a dermal sensitizer. There is no appreciable dermal absorption of D4 based on results from in vivo and in vitro studies...
January 2017: Toxicology and Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062965/patient-satisfaction-and-clinical-outcomes-following-414-breast-reductions-application-of-breast-q
#6
A Cogliandro, M Barone, G Cassotta, S Tenna, B Cagli, P Persichetti
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to measure breast satisfaction and quality of life using the BREAST-Q Reduction Module in a large sample of postoperative patients having breast reduction using the inverted T technique. METHODS: With due approval from the ethics committee of our university, 414 patients who were seen in consultation for breast reduction surgery between 2005 and 2015 performed by the same team were asked to fill out BREAST-Q surveys. The patient factors collected for all those undergoing breast reduction included age, body mass index, incision pattern, areola complex pedicle used, amount of tissue resected, concurrent procedures, and complications...
January 7, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051831/breast-reduction-personal-technique
#7
P Fino, G Di Taranto, M Toscani, N Scuderi
INTRODUCTION: Macromastia is a health problem that requires the coordination of surgical and medical specialists. Goals of reduction mammaplasty are to alleviate physical, emotional and psychosocial discomforts and to restore a conical-shaped breast, maintaining scars as short as possible. We report our approach for reduction mammaplasty with superior pedicle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our method combines advantages of round block with vertical scar, using a dermal flap that is fixed to the new mammary crease...
November 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027257/evidence-based-medicine-reduction-mammaplasty
#8
Richard Greco, Barrett Noone
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After reading this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Understand the multiple reduction mammaplasty techniques available for patients and describe the advantages and disadvantages associated with each. 2. Describe the indications for the treatment of macromastia in patients younger than 18 years. 3. Identify the preoperative indications for breast imaging before surgery. 4. Describe the benefits of breast infiltration with local anesthesia with epinephrine before surgery...
January 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987514/-effects-of-breast-feeding-duration-bottle-feeding-duration-and-oral-habits-on-the-occlusal-characteristics-of-primary-dentition
#9
X X Chen, B Xia, L H Ge, J W Yuan
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of breast-feeding duration, bottle-feeding duration and oral habits on the occlusal characteristics of primary dentition in 3-6-year-old children in Beijing. METHODS: This cross sectional study was conducted via an examination of the occlusal characteristics of 734 children combined with a questionnaire completed by their parents/guardians. The examination was performed by a single, previously calibrated examiner and the following variables were evaluated: presence or absence of deep overbite, open bite, anterior cross bite, posterior cross bite, deep overjet, terminal plane relationship of the second primary molar, primary canine relationship, crowding and spacing...
December 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986772/increased-capacity-for-work-and-productivity-after-breast-reduction
#10
Isaias Vieira Cabral, Edgard da Silva Garcia, Rebecca Neponucena Sobrinho, Natália Lana Larcher Pinto, Yara Juliano, Joel Veiga-Filho, Lydia Masako Ferreira, Daniela Francescato Veiga
BACKGROUND: Breast hypertrophy is a prevalent condition among women worldwide, which can affect different aspects of their quality of life. The physical and emotional impact of breast hypertrophy may harm daily activities, including work. OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of reduction mammaplasty on the ability to work and productivity of women with breast hypertrophy. METHODS: A total of 60 patients with breast hypertrophy, already scheduled for breast reduction, aged 18 to 60 years and who had formal or autonomous employment were prospectively enrolled...
January 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921449/reduction-mammaplasty-with-the-modified-round-block-technique-in-chinese-patients-and-its-anatomy-study
#11
Wei Ding, Yinjia Ding, Hua Jiang
BACKGROUND: Although reduction mammaplasty is one of the most common procedures in plastic surgery, it is associated with some serious complications, especially in cases of severe hypertrophy or advanced ptosis, including necrosis of the nipple and areola, absence of normal sensation of the nipple-areolar complex, and loss of lactational function for future nursing. A thorough understanding of the breast anatomy is vital for successful reduction mammaplasty. This article describes the blood supply and innervation of the breasts, and introduces a modified round block technique for reduction mammaplasty based on this anatomy...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899130/antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-reduction-mammaplasty-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Edgard Silva Garcia, Daniela Francescato Veiga, Joel Veiga-Filho, Isaías Vieira Cabral, Natália Lana Larcher Pinto, Neil Ferreira Novo, Miguel Sabino Neto, Lydia Masako Ferreira
BACKGROUND: The role of antibiotics in surgical procedures where the risk of surgical site infection (SSI) is low remains uncertain. There is, to date, no evidence to justify the routine use of antibiotics in postoperative reduction mammaplasty. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of postoperative antibiotic treatment on the occurrence of SSI after breast reduction surgery. METHODS: This is a double-blind randomized clinical trial with 124 breast hypertrophy patients allocated to two treatment groups: antibiotic (n = 62) and placebo (n = 62)...
November 30, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874960/surgical-therapy-of-breast-hypertrophy-a-comparison-of-complications-and-satisfaction-rate-in-large-and-small-superior-pedicle-custom-made-reduction-mammaplasty
#13
P Fino, G Di Taranto, M Toscani, N Scuderi
OBJECTIVE: The reduction mammaplasty is indicated for patients with symptomatic breast hypertrophy. Although surgery is considered the gold standard treatment, it is still debated which is the complication rate and whether or not there is an increased complication rate with increased tissue resection per breast. The main objective of this retrospective study was to determine whether the rates of complications are higher in large reductions (≥2000 g per breast) as compared with smaller reductions (≤1999 g per breast) using the superior pedicle custom-made technique...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833284/long-term-follow-up-and-patient-satisfaction-after-reduction-mammoplasty-superomedial-versus-inferior-pedicle
#14
Mohamed Makboul, Mahmoud S Abdelhamid, Ghada S Al-Attar
BACKGROUND: Surgery for hypertrophied breasts represents a challenge for plastic surgeons. The search for a good post-surgical cosmetic breast has led to the development of many techniques. Objectives for reduction mammoplasty are to achieve elevated, symmetrical breasts, a round shape, good projection, small cicatrices that are not very perceptible, and a lasting result. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was carried out on sixty cases who had done reduction mammoplasty from January 2009 to December 2014...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797118/unusual-presentation-of-gestational-hypertrophy-of-breasts
#15
Hossein Salehi, Moein Kardoust, Ali Salehi, Ali Shakiba
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697695/radical-treatment-of-extensive-nevoid-hyperkeratosis-of-the-areola-and-breast-with-surgical-excision-after-mild-response-to-topical-agents-a-case-report
#16
Ilaria Tocco-Tussardi, Nathalie Mobargha, Franco Bassetto, Vincenzo Vindigni
INTRODUCTION: Nevoid hyperkeratosis of the nipple and/or areola (NHNA) is a benign lesion with a female predominance and an aesthetically disturbing appearance. Spontaneous remission is not reported and medical treatments proposed so far have shown variable results. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We describe a rare case of an extensive variant of NHNA covering almost the entire breasts' surface. At present, only three other reports are present in the literature. Medical treatment proved not completely effective and the patient was also affected by a significant breast asymmetry-hypertrophy...
September 22, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631548/the-gore-tex-suture-in-periareolar-closure-a-modified-closure-technique
#17
Jade Chapman, Scott Ingram
In breast reduction and mastopexy procedures, the periareolar closure forms a vital component of the surgery. Periareolar closures completed with an absorbable suture may be prone to significant widening, hypertrophy and/or areolar distortion. In an effort to avoid this, some surgeons use a non-absorbable/permanent suture material [Franco (Arch Plast Surg 41 (6): 728-733, 2014)]. Hammond (Plast Reconstr Surg 119 (3):804-809, 2007) recommends the use of a Gore-Tex® suture for this purpose in view of the supple, pliable nature of the material; however, there remain at least occasional instances of infection and extrusion of the knot used to tie off the Gore-Tex "purse-string" [Franco (Arch Plast Surg 41 (6): 728-733, 2014); Salgarello (Aesthet Plast Surg 37 (5):1061-1062, 2013)]...
December 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568277/impact-of-reduction-mammaplasty-on-sexuality-in-patients-with-macromastia-and-their-partners
#18
Seyed Abolhassan Emami, Roohollah Sobhani
AIM OF STUDY: Women with breast hypertrophy often experience a number of physical symptoms and psychological difficulties. The breasts are very important for the psychological well-being of women, which might be affected negatively because of breast size and shape distortions. Self-body dissatisfaction and, in this background, the breasts can lead to low levels of self-confidence and self-esteem, which might affect sexuality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five women with macromastia and their partners were evaluated for their sexual function and surgery satisfaction before and 6 months following reduction mammaplasty...
October 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27338373/dna-damage-and-pulmonary-hypertension
#19
REVIEW
Benoît Ranchoux, Jolyane Meloche, Roxane Paulin, Olivier Boucherat, Steeve Provencher, Sébastien Bonnet
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is defined by a mean pulmonary arterial pressure over 25 mmHg at rest and is diagnosed by right heart catheterization. Among the different groups of PH, pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by a progressive obstruction of distal pulmonary arteries, related to endothelial cell dysfunction and vascular cell proliferation, which leads to an increased pulmonary vascular resistance, right ventricular hypertrophy, and right heart failure. Although the primary trigger of PAH remains unknown, oxidative stress and inflammation have been shown to play a key role in the development and progression of vascular remodeling...
June 22, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27318639/-the-breast-of-the-adolescent-girl
#20
C Bruant-Rodier, C Dissaux, A Baratte, C Francois Fiquet, F Bodin
During adolescence, psychological and physical changes occur and breast takes a major place in the young woman body image. Except rare malign tumors, breast pathologies at this age are mainly benign or malformative. Malformative issues are revealed during breast growth, as isolated asymmetry or associated to other regional anomalies, with abnormal shape or volume of the breast, or even supernumerary breast. Therapeutic solutions will not differ from the ones used for adults. Breast lipofilling, recently admitted by plastic surgery community is an interesting tool that can be used on young women...
October 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
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