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nickel toxicity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643849/prevalence-of-exposure-of-heavy-metals-and-their-impact-on-health-consequences
#1
Kanwal Rehman, Fiza Fatima, Iqra Waheed, Muhammad Sajid Hamid Akash
Even in the current era of growing technology, the concentration of heavy metals present in drinking water is still not within the recommended limits as set by the regulatory authorities in different countries of the world. Drinking water contaminated with heavy metals namely; arsenic, cadmium, nickel, chromium, mercury, chromium, zinc and lead is becoming a major health concern for public and health care professionals. Occupational exposure to heavy metals is known to occur by the utilization of these metals in various industrial processes and/or contents including color pigments and alloys...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641675/the-application-of-solar-cells-in-the-electrokinetic-remediation-of-metal-contaminated-sediments
#2
Natasa S Varga, Bozo D Dalmacija, Miljana Dj Prica, Djurdja V Kerkez, Milena Dj Becelic-Tomin, Jelena M Spasojevic, Dejan S Krcmar
  In this study, solar cells were used to generate an electric field for the electrokinetic remediation of metal contaminated sediment (Nickel, Cadmium, Zinc). For determination of metals mobility, bioavailability and potential toxicity, sequential extraction procedure, simultaneously extracted metals (SEM) and acid-volatile sulphide ratios (AVS) were performed before, during and after treatment.After 21 days of treatment, 63% Ni, 82% Cd and 58% Zn was removed from the anode region. The application of the electric field changed the chemical composition of the sediments...
July 1, 2017: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628796/evaluation-of-cd-cr-cu-ni-and-pb-in-selected-cosmetic-products-from-jordanian-sudanese-and-syrian-markets
#3
A M Massadeh, M Y El-Khateeb, S M Ibrahim
OBJECTIVES: There is no sufficient data that evaluate heavy metal content in cosmetic products in Jordan as well as Sudan and Syria. This study aims to assess metal levels which include Cadmium (Cd), Chromium (Cr), Copper (Cu), Nickel (Ni), and Lead (Pb) in cosmetic products. These elements have draft limits because they are identified as potential impurities and are known to be toxic. This study aims to provide information to the population that may be beneficial to public health. STUDY DESIGN: Samples were collected from different brands obtained from markets in Jordan, Sudan, and Syria...
June 16, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619639/chitosan-doped-with-nanoparticles-of-copper-nickel-and-cobalt
#4
Galo Cárdenas-Triviño, Carolina Elgueta, Luis Vergara, Javier Ojeda, Ariel Valenzuela, Christian Cruzat
Metal colloids in 2 propanol using nanoparticles (NPs) of copper, nickel and cobalt were prepared by Chemical Liquid Deposition (CLD) method. The resulting colloidal dispersions were characterized by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). The colloids were supported in chitosan. Then, microbiological assays were performed using E. coli and S. aureus in order to determine the bactericide/bacteriostatic activity of nanoparticles (NPs) trapped or chelated with chitosan. Finally, the toxicity of the metal colloids Cu, Ni and Co was tested...
June 12, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614755/copper-and-nickel-co-treatment-alters-metal-uptake-and-stress-parameters-of-salix-purpurea%C3%A3-viminalis
#5
Kinga Drzewiecka, Mirosław Mleczek, Monika Gąsecka, Zuzanna Magdziak, Anna Budka, Tamara Chadzinikolau, Zygmunt Kaczmarek, Piotr Goliński
Simultaneous treatment of Salix purpurea×viminalis with copper (Cu(2+)) and nickel (Ni(2+)) altered metal phytoextraction rates in favor of leaves. Still, metal translocation patters remained unaffected (roots≈rods>leaves≥shoots), reaching ∼20 and 14.5mgkg(-1) dry weight in roots for Cu and Ni, respectively. Biometric parameters revealed overall growth inhibition correlated with Cu content in leaves, thus proving its negative effect on photosynthesis. Metal toxicity was strongly affirmed in the case of roots (∼90% loss of root biomass at 3mM), rather than in the above-ground organs...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609256/nano-metal-oxides-exposure-and-engineering-control-assessment
#6
Alberto Garcia, Adrienne Eastlake, Jennifer L Topmiller, Christopher Sparks, Kenneth Martinez, Charles L Geraci
In January 2007, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) conducted a field study to evaluate process specific emissions during the production of ENMs. This study was performed using the nanoparticle emission assessment technique (NEAT). During this study, it was determined that ENMs were released during production and cleaning of the process reactor. Airborne concentrations of silver, nickel, and iron were found both in the employee's personal breathing zone and area samples during reactor cleaning...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608896/cyclic-gas-phase-heterogeneous-process-in-a-metal-organic-framework-involving-a-nickel-nitrosyl-complex
#7
D Denysenko, D Volkmer
The cubic metal-organic framework MFU-4l ([Zn5Cl4(BTDD)3], H2-BTDD = bis(1H-1,2,3-triazolo[4,5-b],[4',5'-i])dibenzo[1,4]dioxin) featuring large pore apertures can be modified post-synthetically via partial or complete substitution of peripheral metal sites and chloride side-ligands, thus opening a route towards a large variety of functionalized MOFs. In this way, Ni-MFU-4l-nitrite (or Ni-MFU-4l-NO2) with an analytically determined chemical composition [Zn2.6Ni2.4(NO2)2.9Cl1.1(BTDD)3], containing accessible Ni-NO2 units, was prepared...
June 13, 2017: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605861/sensitivity-of-the-glochidia-larvae-of-freshwater-mussels-bivalvia-unionida-hyriidae-to-cadmium-cobalt-copper-lead-nickel-and-zinc-differences-between-metals-species-and-exposure-time
#8
Scott J Markich
Freshwater mussels (Bivalvia: Unionida) are among the most threatened freshwater faunal groups worldwide. Metal contamination is one threat that has been linked to declining mussel population distribution and abundance. This study determined the sensitivity (valve closure) of the glochidia (larvae) of six species of Australian freshwater mussels to cadmium (Cd), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), lead (Pb), nickel (Ni) and zinc (Zn), key metal contaminants impacting urbanized coastal rivers in south-eastern Australia (home to ~50% of the population), in a soft reconstituted freshwater (hardness 42mgCaCO3L(-1); alkalinity 22mgCaCO3L(-1) and pH7...
June 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595798/mineral-content-of-smooth-scallop-flexopecten-glaber-caught-canakkale-turkey-and-evaluation-in-terms-of-food-safety
#9
Nermin Berik, Ekrem Cem Çankırılıgil, Güzin Gül
In this research, one of the most promising scallop species, smooth scallop (Flexopecten glaber) was studied. According to our findings, smooth scallop has beneficial micro and macro minerals, fat and carbohydrate just before the spawning. While the ratios protein, ash and water decreased from autumn to summer, ratio of crude fat increased till reproduction season in late spring and decreased in summer (P<0.05). In digestive glands, aluminum, bromine, cadmium, calcium, chromium, copper, iron, manganese, nickel, and zinc were detected more compared to adductor muscles (P<0...
July 2017: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588813/severe-dermatitis-might-be-caused-by-a-cross-reaction-between-nickel-and-palladium-and-dental-amalgam-resolved-following-removal-of-dental-restorations
#10
Yoshiro Fujii
This report demonstrates a case of atopic dermatitis that was unresponsive to topical steroid therapy. This clinical report highlights the fact that metals used in dental treatment, such as mercury, as well as cross-reactions between nickel and palladium, may cause systemic hypersensitivity or toxicity.
June 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575933/application-of-surface-modified-nano-ferrite-nickel-in-catalytic-reaction-epoxidation-of-alkenes-and-investigation-on-its-antibacterial-and-antifungal-activities
#11
Faezeh Mahdinejad Golkhatmi, Bahram Bahramian, Mojtaba Mamarabadi
Newly, magnetic nanoparticles have extensively been used as alternative catalyst supports, in the view of their high surface area which results in high catalyst loading capacity, high dispersion, low toxicity, environmental preservation, distinguished stability, and suitable catalyst reusing. In the present study, the magnetite nanoparticles, NiFe2O4@Ag and NiFe2O4@Mo, were synthesized and characterized. The antimicrobial activities and catalytic properties of synthesized nanoparticles were tested afterwards...
September 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574657/time-dependent-uptake-and-toxicity-of-nickel-to-enchytraeus-crypticus-in-the-presence-of-humic-acid-and-fulvic-acid
#12
Erkai He, Hao Qiu, Rongliang Qiu, Charlotte Rentenaar, Quentin Devresse, Cornelis A M Van Gestel
This study aimed at investigating the influence of different fractions of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) on the uptake and toxicity of nickel (Ni) in the soil invertebrate Enchytraeus crypticus after different exposure times. The addition of DOC as humic acid (HA) or fulvic acid (FA) significantly reduced Ni uptake by E. crypticus in the soil-solution test system. Median lethal effect concentrations were calculated based on total dissolved Ni concentrations (LC50[Ni]), free Ni ion activity (LC50{Ni(2+) }), and Ni body concentrations (LC50Body-Ni )...
June 2, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553695/metal-speciation-in-sediment-and-bioaccumulation-in-meretrix-lyrata-in-the-tien-estuary-in-vietnam
#13
Nguyen Van Hop, Hoang Thi Quynh Dieu, Nguyen Hai Phong
The concentrations of seven toxic metals (cadmium (Cd), nickel (Ni), chromium (Cr), arsenic (As), lead (Pb), copper (Cu), and zinc (Zn)) were determined in sediments and the soft tissues of a bivalve species (Meretrix lyrata) collected from the Tien Estuary in Tien Giang Province, South Vietnam. The total metal concentrations in sediments (mg/kg dry weight) increased as Cd (0.06) < Cu (5.0) < Pb (13.9) < As (16.3) < Ni (24) < Cr (50) < Zn (62). Speciation analysis revealed that these metals existed mainly in the residual fraction (43-94%), followed by the Fe-Mn oxide-bound (5-35%) and organic/sulfide-bound (0...
June 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552779/nickel-induced-hif-1%C3%AE-promotes-growth-arrest-and-senescence-in-normal-human-cells-but-lacks-toxic-effects-in-transformed-cells
#14
Michal W Luczak, Anatoly Zhitkovich
Nickel is a human carcinogen that acts as a hypoxia mimic by activating the transcription factor HIF-1α and hypoxia-like transcriptomic responses. Hypoxia and elevated HIF-1α are typically associated with drug resistance in cancer cells, which is caused by increased drug efflux and other mechanisms. Here we examined the role of HIF-1α in uptake of soluble Ni(II) and Ni(II)-induced cell fate outcomes using si/shRNA knockdowns and gene deletion models. We found that HIF-1α had no effect on accumulation of Ni(II) in two transformed (H460, A549) and two normal human cell lines (IMR90, WI38)...
May 25, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542385/cadmium-toxicity-induced-contrasting-patterns-of-concentrations-of-free-sarcosine-specific-amino-acids-and-selected-microelements-in-two-noccaea-species
#15
Veronika Zemanová, Milan Pavlík, Daniela Pavlíková
Cadmium (Cd) toxicity affects numerous metabolic processes in plants. In the presence of Cd, plants accumulate specific amino acids which may be beneficial to developing Cd tolerance. Our study aimed to characterize the changes in the metabolism of selected free amino acids that are associated with Cd tolerance, and investigate the levels of selected microelements in order to relate these changes to the adaptation strategies of two metallophytes-Noccaea caerulescens (Redlschlag, Austria) and Noccaea praecox (Mežica, Slovenia)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528650/the-role-of-intermetal-competition-and-mis-metalation-in-metal-toxicity
#16
Anna Barwinska-Sendra, Kevin J Waldron
The metals manganese, iron, cobalt, nickel, copper and zinc are essential for almost all bacteria, but their precise metal requirements vary by species, by ecological niche and by growth condition. Bacteria thus must acquire each of these essential elements in sufficient quantity to satisfy their cellular demand, but in excess these same elements are toxic. Metal toxicity has been exploited by humanity for centuries, and by the mammalian immune system for far longer, yet the mechanisms by which these elements cause toxicity to bacteria are not fully understood...
2017: Advances in Microbial Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525708/affinity-based-assembly-of-peptides-on-plasmonic-nanoparticles-delivered-intracellularly-with-light-activated-control
#17
Demosthenes P Morales, William Wonderly, Xiao Huang, Meghan McAdams, Amanda Chron, Norbert O Reich
We report a universal strategy for functionalizing near-infrared light-responsive nanocarriers with both a peptide "cargo" and an orthogonal cell-penetrating peptide. Modularity of both the cargo and internalization peptide attachment are an important feature of these materials relying on the robust affinity of polyhistidine tags to nitrilotriacetic acid in the presence of nickel as well as the affinity of biotin labeled peptides to streptavidin. Attachment to the gold surface uses thiol labeled scaffolds terminated with the affinity partner...
May 19, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497332/toxicity-of-nickel-to-soil-microbial-community-with-and-without-the-presence-of-its-mineral-collectors-a-calorimetric-approach
#18
Prudence Bararunyeretse, Hongbing Ji, Jun Yao
The toxicity of nickel and three of its main collectors, sodium isopropyl xanthate (SIPX), sodium ethyl xanthate (SEX), and potassium ethyl xanthate (PEX) to soil microbial activity, was analyzed, individually and as a binary combination of nickel and each of the collectors. The investigation was performed through the microcalorimetric analysis method. For the single chemicals, all power-time curves exhibited lag, exponential, stationary, and death phases of microbial growth. Different parameters exhibited a significant adverse effect of the analyzed chemicals on soil microbial activity, with a positive relationship between the inhibitory ratio and the chemical dose (p < 0...
June 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488336/hazard-assessment-of-nickel-nanoparticles-in-soil-the-use-of-a-full-life-cycle-test-with-enchytraeus-crypticus
#19
Fátima C F Santos, Susana I L Gomes, Janeck J Scott-Fordsmand, Valéria Freitas Mónica J B
Nanoparticles (NPs) such as nickel (Ni) are widely used in several applications. Nevertheless the environmental effects of NiNPs are still poorly understood. In the present study, the toxicity of NiNPs and NiNO3 was assessed using the standard test species in soil ecotoxicology Enchytraeus crypticus (Oligochaeta) in a Full Life Cycle test, adding the endpoints hatching, growth and time to reach maturity, besides survival and reproduction as in the standard OECD Guideline 220 and/or ISO 16387. Overall, NiNO3 was more toxic than NiNPs and toxicity seemed to occur via different mechanisms...
May 10, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483535/a-battery-of-assays-as-an-integrated-approach-to-evaluate-fungal-and-mycotoxin-inhibition-properties-and-cytotoxic-genotoxic-side-effects-for-the-prioritization-in-the-screening-of-thiosemicarbazone-derivatives
#20
Claudia Zani, Franco Bisceglie, Francesco Maria Restivo, Donatella Feretti, Marianna Pioli, Francesca Degola, Serena Montalbano, Serena Galati, Giorgio Pelosi, Gaia V C Viola, Mauro Carcelli, Dominga Rogolino, Elisabetta Ceretti, Annamaria Buschini
Aflatoxins represent a serious problem for a food economy based on cereal cultivations used to fodder animal and for human nutrition. The aims of our work are two-fold: first, to perform an evaluation of the activity of newly synthesized thiosemicarbazone compounds as antifungal and anti-mycotoxin agents and, second, to conduct studies on the toxic and genotoxic hazard potentials with a battery of tests with different endpoints. In this paper we report an initial study on two molecules: S-4-isopropenylcyclohexen-1-carbaldehydethiosemicarbazone and its metal complex, bis(S-4-isopropenylcyclohexen-1-carbaldehydethiosemicarbazonato)nickel (II)...
May 5, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
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