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nickel toxicity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222655/levels-dietary-intake-and-health-risk-of-potentially-toxic-metals-in-vegetables-fruits-and-cereal-crops-in-pakistan
#1
Javed Nawab, Saad Farooqi, Wang Xiaoping, Sardar Khan, Asad Khan
Food safety is a major concern worldwide and human beings are frequently exposed to potentially toxic metals (PTMs) through consumption of vegetables, fruits, and cereal crops grown in contaminated areas. The present study investigates the concentrations of PTMs such as chromium (Cr), nickel (Ni), zinc (Zn), arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), and lead (Pb) in the foodstuffs (fruits, vegetables, and cereals) collected from different markets of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Samples of fruits (banana, tangerine, apple, and guava), vegetables (tomato, onion, potato, pea, and lady finger), and cereals (rice, kidney beans, and chick peas) were acid-extracted and analyzed using ICP-MS...
December 8, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222648/the-level-of-toxic-elements-in-edible-crops-from-seleniferous-area-punjab-india
#2
Margarita G Skalnaya, Sumit K Jaiswal, Ranjana Prakash, N Tejo Prakash, Andrei R Grabeklis, Irina V Zhegalova, Feng Zhang, Xiong Guo, Alexey A Tinkov, Anatoly V Skalny
The primary objective of the present study was to assess the level of selenium and toxic trace elements in wheat, rice, maize, and mustard from seleniferous areas of Punjab, India. The content of selenium (Se) and toxic trace elements, including aluminum (Al), arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg), nickel (Ni), lead (Pb), and tin (Sn), in crop samples was assessed using inductively coupled plasma mass-spectrometry after microwave digestion of the samples. The obtained data demonstrate that cultivation of crops on seleniferous soils significantly increased Se level in wheat, mustard, rice, and maize by a factor of more than 590, 111, 85, and 64, respectively...
December 8, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211617/targeting-hdac3-activity-with-rgfp966-protects-against-retinal-ganglion-cell-nuclear-atrophy-and-apoptosis-after-optic-nerve-injury
#3
Heather M Schmitt, Cassandra L Schlamp, Robert W Nickells
PURPOSE: HDAC3 regulates nuclear atrophy as an early response to axonal injury in retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) following optic nerve crush (ONC). Since conditional knockout of Hdac3 prevents nuclear atrophy post ONC, HDAC3 selective inhibition with RGFP966 through localized and systemic dosing of RGFP966 is necessary for application to acute and chronic models of optic nerve injury. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were injected intravitreally with 1-10 μM RGFP966 immediately following ONC, and retinas were analyzed at 5, 7, and 14 days for metrics of nuclear atrophy and cell loss...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209943/mapping-toxic-mineral-contamination-the-southern-oyster-drill-s-haemastoma-l-1767-as-evaluable-sentinel-species
#4
Giuseppa Di Bella, Gianluca Pizzullo, Giuseppe Daniel Bua, Angela Giorgia Potortì, Antonello Santini, Salvatore Giacobbe
The nickel, chromium, arsenic, cadmium, and lead content have been evaluated, by ICP-MS, in digestive gland of the amphiatlantic gastropod Stramonita haemastoma, sampled along the highly anthropized Gulf of Milazzo (Central Mediterranean). Concentrations notably higher than those reported in literature for other Mediterranean Muricidae have been recorded. The results also indicated a different impact in different sites, according to distribution and typology of human activities, whilst recorded seasonal variations might relate with rapid metabolic response...
December 6, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195095/uniquely-high-turnover-of-nickel-in-contaminated-oysters-crassostrea-hongkongensis-biokinetics-and-subcellular-distribution
#5
Qijun Yin, Wen-Xiong Wang
Despite the environmental concerns regarding nickel (Ni) especially in China, it has received little attention in aquatic animals due to its comparatively weak toxicity. In the present study, we explored the bioaccumulation, biokinetics, and subcellular distribution of Ni in an estuarine oyster Crassostrea hongkongensis. We demonstrated that Ni represented a new pattern of bioaccumulation in oysters characterized by rapid elimination and low dissolved uptake. The waterborne uptake rate constant and dietary assimilation efficiency were 0...
November 28, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189890/decoding-the-role-of-hypothetical-protein-all3255-of-anabaena-pcc7120-in-heavy-metal-stress-management-in-escherichia-coli
#6
Prashant Kumar Singh, Mengmeng Tang, Sudhir Kumar, Alok Kumar Shrivastava
Cadmium is a non-essential toxic heavy metal for organisms, including plants and cyanobacteria. Cadmium resistance transporters involved in resistance of cells against various toxicants such as drugs and effluxes cytotoxic compounds from cells. However, cadmium resistance-associated protein (CadD) has never been reported from a diazotrophic cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. To test whether the hypothetical protein All3255 of Anabaena sp. PCC7120 a homolog of cadmium resistance-associated protein (CadD) involved in cadmium or heavy metal resistance or not, cloning and heterologous expression analysis of all3255 performed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3)...
November 30, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183341/kinetics-and-dissolution-of-intratracheally-administered-nickel-oxide-nanomaterials-in-rats
#7
Naohide Shinohara, Guihua Zhang, Yutaka Oshima, Toshio Kobayashi, Nobuya Imatanaka, Makoto Nakai, Takeshi Sasaki, Kenji Kawaguchi, Masashi Gamo
BACKGROUND: The toxicokinetics of nanomaterials are an important factor in toxicity, which may be affected by slow clearance and/or distribution in the body. METHODS: Four types of nickel oxide (NiO) nanoparticles were single-administered intratracheally to male F344 rats at three doses of 0.67-6.0 mg/kg body weight. The rats were sacrificed under anesthesia and the lung, thoracic lymph nodes, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, liver, and other organs were sampled for Ni burden measurement 3, 28, and 91 days post-administration; Ni excretion was measured 6 and 24 h after administration...
November 28, 2017: Particle and Fibre Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181620/consumption-of-heavy-metal-contaminated-foods-and-associated-risks-in-bangladesh
#8
Md Isreq Hossen Real, Hossain M Azam, Nehreen Majed
This study investigated the magnitude of heavy metal contamination and determined the carcinogenic as well as non-carcinogenic risks associated with selected food consumption in Bangladesh. Commonly consumed varieties of rice, vegetables, and fish samples were analyzed to measure the concentrations of heavy metals such as cadmium, chromium, lead, arsenic, manganese, nickel, and zinc. These staple food items showed the greatest probabilities of heavy metal contamination in different phases of their production and marketing...
November 27, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175790/in-vitro-antimicrobial-antiprotozoal-activities-and-heavy-metals-toxicity-of-different-parts-of-ballota-pseudodictamnus-l-benth
#9
Najeeb Ullah, Ijaz Ahmad, Nisar Ahmad, - Fozia
The study was done to check the antimicrobial and antiprotozoal activity of different parts of Ballota pseudodictamnus (L.) Benth. These activities were then compared with the heavy metals toxicity of different parts, which plants accumulate in different concentrations in different parts. In in-vitro antileishmanial results ethanolic extract, chloroform and ethyl acetate fractions in roots of Ballota pseudodictamnus (L.) Benth showed antileishmanial activity. The ethanol, n-butanol and ethyl acetate fraction in stem revealed inhibition of amastigote form of leishmania...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167790/engineered-nickel-oxide-nanoparticle-causes-substantial-physicochemical-perturbation-in-plants
#10
Indrani Manna, Maumita Bandyopadhyay
Concentration of engineered nickel oxide nanoparticle (NiO-NP) in nature is on the rise, owing to large scale industrial uses, which have accreted the scope of its exposure to plants, the primary producers of the ecosystem. Though an essential micronutrient for the animal system, supported by numerous studies confirming its toxicity at higher dosages, nickel oxide is graded as a human carcinogen by WHO. A few studies do depict toxicity and bioaccumulation of nickel in plants; however, interaction of NiO-NP with plants is not well-elucidated...
2017: Frontiers in Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164461/seasonal-toxicity-variation-in-light-textured-soil-amended-with-urban-sewage-sludge-interaction-effect-on-cadmium-nickel-and-phytotoxicity
#11
Rahma Inès Zoghlami, Helmi Hamdi, Khaoula Boudabbous, Sarra Hechmi, Mohamed Naceur Khelil, Naceur Jedidi
Sewage sludge is increasingly used as an organic amendment to agricultural soils, especially to soils containing little organic matter. However, little is known on the impact of this biowaste on seasonal changes of nickel and cadmium toxicity in a sandy loam soil. Accordingly, the aim of this field-scale study was to evaluate the seasonal phytotoxicity according to Cd, Ni, and dehydrogenase variation in an agricultural soil during two successive annual amendments with increasing amounts of urban sludge (0, 40, 80, and 120 t ha(-1) year(-1))...
November 21, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164459/deposition-acute-toxicity-and-bioaccumulation-of-nickel-in-some-freshwater-organisms-with-best-fit-functions-modeling
#12
Anupam Ghosh, Anilava Kaviraj, Subrata Saha
Although nickel (Ni) frequently enters into water, documents on speciation of the metal and its toxicity to freshwater organisms are scanty. Laboratory experiments, made in this study, with 1.0-5.0 mg/L of Ni revealed that Ni was not quickly removed from water. Application of cubic regression followed by classical optimization technique showed that maximum reduction time (T) of Ni in water ranged between 60 to 65 h. Ninety-six hours of LC50 value of Ni to crustacean Diaptomus forbesi, fish Cyprinus carpio, and worm Branchiura sowerbyi was respectively 5...
November 21, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157887/spatial-patterns-of-heavy-metal-accumulation-in-sediments-and-macrophytes-of-bellandur-wetland-bangalore
#13
T V Ramachandra, P B Sudarshan, M K Mahesh, S Vinay
Heavy metals are one among the toxic chemicals and accumulation in sediments and plants has been posing serious health impacts. Wetlands aid as kidneys of the landscape and help in remediation through uptake of nutrients, heavy metals and other contaminants. The analyses of macrophytes and sediment samples help in evaluating pollution status in aquatic environment. In this study concentration of six heavy metals (Cadmium (Cd), Chromium (Cr), Copper (Cu), Nickel (Ni), Lead (Pb) and Zinc (Zn)) were assessed in sediment and dominant macrophyte samples collected from Bellandur Lake, largest Lake of Bangalore, India...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152091/fibroblast-growth-factor-2-mediated-protection-of-cardiomyocytes-from-the-toxic-effects-of-doxorubicin-requires-the-mtor-nrf-2-ho-1-pathway
#14
Navid Koleini, Barbara E Nickel, Jie Wang, Zeinab Roveimiab, Robert R Fandrich, Lorrie A Kirshenbaum, Peter A Cattini, Elissavet Kardami
Background: Cardiotoxic side effects impose limits to the use of anti-tumour chemotherapeutic drugs such as doxorubicin (Dox). There is a need for cardioprotective strategies to prevent the multiple deleterious effects of Dox. Here, we examined the ability of administered fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2), a cardioprotective protein that is synthesized as high and low molecular weight (Hi-, Lo-FGF-2) isoforms, to prevent Dox-induced: oxidative stress; cell death; lysosome dysregulation; and inactivation of potent endogenous protective pathways, such as the anti-oxidant/detoxification nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor (Nrf-2), heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) axis...
October 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150881/genotoxicity-of-11-heavy-metals-detected-as-food-contaminants-in-two-human-cell-lines
#15
B Kopp, D Zalko, M Audebert
Heavy metals, such as arsenic (As), antimony (Sb), barium (Ba), cadmium (Cd), cobalt (Co), germanium (Ge), lead (Pb), nickel (Ni), tellurium (Te), and vanadium (V) are widely distributed in the environment and in the food chain. Human exposure to heavy metals through water and food has been reported by different international agencies. Although some of these heavy metals are essential elements for human growth and development, they may also be toxic at low concentrations due to indirect mechanisms. In this study, the genotoxic and cytotoxic properties of 15 different oxidation statuses of 11 different heavy metals were investigated using high-throughput screening (γH2AX assay) in two human cell lines (HepG2 and LS-174T) representative of target organs (liver and colon) for food contaminants...
November 18, 2017: Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149555/mapping-the-reactions-in-a-single-zero-valent-iron-nanoparticle
#16
Lan Ling, Xiao-Yue Huang, Meirong Li, Wei-Xian Zhang
Nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) posseses unique functionalities for metal-metalloid removal and sequestration. So far, direct evidence on the heavy metal-iron reactions in the solid phase is still limited due to low concentration of heavy metals and small size of nanoparticles. In this work, angstrom-resolution spectral mappings on the reactions of nZVI with chromate, arsenate, nickel, silver, cesium, and zinc ions are presented. This work was achieved with spherical aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy integrated with high-sensitivity X-ray energy-dispersive spectroscopy scanning transmission electron microscopy (XEDS-STEM)...
November 17, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141909/local-fitness-landscapes-predict-yeast-evolutionary-dynamics-in-directionally-changing-environments
#17
Florien A Gorter, Mark G M Aarts, Bas J Zwaan, J Arjan G M de Visser
The fitness landscape is a concept that is widely used for understanding and predicting evolutionary adaptation. The topography of the fitness landscape depends critically on the environment, with potentially far-reaching consequences for evolution under changing conditions. However, few studies have assessed directly how empirical fitness landscapes change across conditions, or validated the predicted consequences of such change. We previously evolved replicate yeast populations in the presence of either gradually increasing or constant high concentrations of the heavy metals cadmium (Cd), nickel (Ni), and zinc (Zn), and analysed their phenotypic and genomic changes...
November 15, 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136621/evaluation-of-nickel-release-from-endobronchial-valves-as-a-possible-cause-of-hypersensitivity-pneumonitis-in-a-patient-treated-with-bronchoscopic-lung-volume-reduction
#18
Daniel P Franzen, Claudia Lang, Nikos Agorastos, Lutz Freitag, Malcolm Kohler, Peter Schmid-Grendelmeier
BACKGROUND: Endobronchial valve (EBV) placement is an established lung volume reduction procedure aiming to improve lung function and exercise capacity in patients with severe emphysema. As EBVs consist of silicone and nitinol (a metal alloy of nickel and titanium), there are concerns that nickel ions might be released and could have a clinical impact in patients with a contact allergy to nickel. Based on a case with hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) after treatment with EBVs, we aimed to evaluate the in vitro nickel release from EBVs using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM)...
November 15, 2017: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136573/engineered-nickel-oxide-nanoparticles-affect-genome-stability-in-allium-cepa-l
#19
Indrani Manna, Maumita Bandyopadhyay
Indiscriminate uses of engineered nickel oxide nanoparticles (NiO-NPs) in heavy industries have ushered their introduction into the natural environment, ensuing novel interactions with biotic components of the ecosystem. Though much is known about the toxicity of NiO-NPs on animals, their phytotoxic potential is not well elucidated. NiO-NP hinders intra-cellular homeostasis by producing ROS in excess, having profound effect on the antioxidant profile of exposed animal and plant tissues. In the present study, bulbs of the model plant Allium cepa were treated with varying concentrations of NiO-NP (10 mg L(-1) - 500 mg L(-1)) to study changes in ROS production and potential genotoxic effect...
November 8, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134120/biocompatible-nickel-prussian-blue-silver-nanocomposites-show-potent-antibacterial-activities
#20
Sudip Mukherjee, Sourav Das, Saketh Nuthi, Chitta Ranjan Patra
Aim: Silver nanoparticles have long been used as potent antibacterial agents. However, toxicity concerns of silver nanoparticles have limited their successful clinical applications. Hence, development of silver-based novel biocompatible nanomaterials for antibacterial applications is a challenging task. Materials & methods: Accordingly, in this work, we synthesized a biocompatible silver-based nanocomposite for antibacterial applications. The nanocompostie was characterized by several analytical techniques...
November 2017: Future Science OA
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