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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755953/kidney-toxicity-related-to-herbs-and-dietary-supplements-online-table-of-case-reports-part-3-of-5-series
#1
REVIEW
Amy Christine Brown
BACKGROUND: No tabular summary of potentially life-threatening, kidney-toxic dietary supplements (DS; includes herbs) based on PubMed case reports is currently available online and continually updated to forewarn United States consumers, clinicians, and companies manufacturing DS. The purpose of this review was to create an online research summary table of kidney toxicity case reports related to DS. METHODS: Documented PubMed case reports (1966 to May 2016, and cross-referencing) of DS appearing to contribute to kidney toxicity were listed in "DS Toxic Tables...
September 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666216/assessment-of-28-trace-elements-and-17-amino-acid-levels-in-muscular-tissues-of-broiler-chicken-gallus-gallus-suffering-from-arsenic-trioxide
#2
Si-Wen Li, Ying He, Hong-Jing Zhao, Yu Wang, Juan-Juan Liu, Yi-Zhi Shao, Jing-Lun Li, Xiao Sun, Li-Na Zhang, Ming-Wei Xing
The contents of 28 trace elements, 17 amino acid were evaluated in muscular tissues (wings, crureus and pectoralis) of chickens in response to arsenic trioxide (As2O3). A total of 200 one-day-old male Hy-line chickens were fed either a commercial diet (C-group) or an As2O3 supplement diet containing 7.5mg/kg (L-group), 15mg/kg (M-group) or 30mg/kg (H-group) As2O3 for 90 days. The elements content was analyzed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Under As2O3 exposure, the concentration of As were elevated 8...
June 27, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664715/the-history-of-arsenical-pesticides-and-health-risks-related-to-the-use-of-agent-blue
#3
Vladimir Bencko, Florence Yan Li Foong
Arsenicals in agriculture. Beginning in the 1970s, the use of arsenic compounds for such purposes as wood preservatives, began to grow. By 1980, in the USA, 70% of arsenic had been consumed for the production of wood preservatives. This practice was later stopped, due to the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ban of the arsenic-and chromium-based wood preservative chromated copper arsenate. In the past, arsenical herbicides containing cacodylic acid as an active ingredient have been used extensively in the USA, from golf courses to cotton fields, and drying-out the plants before harvesting...
June 12, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643849/prevalence-of-exposure-of-heavy-metals-and-their-impact-on-health-consequences
#4
Kanwal Rehman, Fiza Fatima, Iqra Waheed, Muhammad Sajid Hamid Akash
Even in the current era of growing technology, the concentration of heavy metals present in drinking water is still not within the recommended limits as set by the regulatory authorities in different countries of the world. Drinking water contaminated with heavy metals namely; arsenic, cadmium, nickel, chromium, mercury, chromium, zinc and lead is becoming a major health concern for public and health care professionals. Occupational exposure to heavy metals is known to occur by the utilization of these metals in various industrial processes and/or contents including color pigments and alloys...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539940/horizontal-and-vertical-distribution-of-heavy-metals-in-farm-produce-and-livestock-around-lead-contaminated-goldmine-in-dareta-and-abare-zamfara-state-northern-nigeria
#5
O E Orisakwe, O O Oladipo, G C Ajaezi, N A Udowelle
Background. Hitherto studies in response to the June 2010 lead poisoning, Zamfara State, Nigeria, have focused on clinical interventions without information on livestock and other metals. Objective. This study has investigated the distribution of heavy metals in farm produce and livestock around lead-contaminated goldmine in Dareta and Abare, Zamfara State, Nigeria. Methods. Vegetables, soil, water, blood, and different meat samples were harvested from goat, sheep, cattle, and chicken from Dareta, Abare, and Gusau communities...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446841/occupation-related-chromium-toxicity-a-rare-cause-of-renal-failure-and-rhabdomyolysis
#6
Manjeera Jagannati, I Ramya, Sowmya Sathyendra
A 21-year-old gentleman, a worker in a mobile phone shop, was admitted with rhabdomyolysis, renal failure, and pulmonary edema requiring mechanical ventilation and hemodialysis. After extensive workup and ruling out other causes, heavy metal poisoning was considered. Investigations during the course of the hospital stay revealed chromium poisoning. With repeated hemodialysis, his parameters normalized and he was discharged home in a stable condition. Diagnosis of chromium toxicity needs high index of suspicion...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445026/chromium-poisoning-effects-on-surface-exchange-kinetics-of-la0-6sr0-4co0-2fe0-8o3-%C3%AE
#7
Yi-Lin Huang, A Mohammed Hussain, Christopher Pellegrinelli, Chunyan Xiong, Eric D Wachsman
The presence of Cr has already been reported in literature to cause severe degradation to La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ (LSCF). However, fundamental understanding of Cr effects on the surface exchange kinetics is still lacking. For the first time, in situ gas phase isotopic oxygen exchange was utilized to quantitatively determine Cr effect on oxygen exchange kinetics of LSCF powder as a function of temperature and water vapor. Our investigations revealed that the formation of secondary phases such as SrCrO4, Cr2O3, Cr-Co-Fe-O, and La-Co-Fe-O can affect both the oxygen dissociation step and overall surface exchange...
May 2, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441753/coq10-deficiency-may-indicate-mitochondrial-dysfunction-in-cr-vi-toxicity
#8
Xiali Zhong, Xing Yi, Rita de Cássia da Silveira E Sá, Yujing Zhang, Kaihua Liu, Fang Xiao, Caigao Zhong
To investigate the toxic mechanism of hexavalent chromium Cr(VI) and search for an antidote for Cr(VI)-induced cytotoxicity, a study of mitochondrial dysfunction induced by Cr(VI) and cell survival by recovering mitochondrial function was performed. In the present study, we found that the gene expression of electron transfer flavoprotein dehydrogenase (ETFDH) was strongly downregulated by Cr(VI) exposure. The levels of coenzyme 10 (CoQ10) and mitochondrial biogenesis presented by mitochondrial mass and mitochondrial DNA copy number were also significantly reduced after Cr(VI) exposure...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353138/effects-of-the-oral-administration-of-k2cr2o7-and-na2seo3-on-ca-mg-mn-fe-cu-and-zn-contents-in-the-heart-liver-spleen-and-kidney-of-chickens
#9
Peng Chen, Yiran Zhu, Huiyu Wan, Yang Wang, Pan Hao, Ziqiang Cheng, Yongxia Liu, Jianzhu Liu
This study aimed to investigate the effects of selenium on the ion profiles in the heart, liver, spleen, and kidney through the oral administration of hexavalent chromium. Approximately 22.14 mg/kg b.w. K2Cr2O7 was added to water to establish a chronic poisoning model. Different selenium levels (0.00, 0.31, 0.63, 1.25, 2.50, and 5.00 mg Na2SeO3/kg b.w.) around the safe dose were administered to the experimental group model. Ca, Mg, Mn, Fe, Cu, and Zn were detected in the organs through flame atomic absorption spectrometry after these organs were exposed to K2Cr2O7 and Na2SeO3 for 14, 28, and 42 days...
March 28, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029760/evidence-of-sulfate-dependent-anaerobic-methane-oxidation-within-an-area-impacted-by-coalbed-methane-related-gas-migration
#10
Amy L Wolfe, Richard T Wilkin
We evaluated water quality characteristics in the northern Raton Basin of Colorado and documented the response of the Poison Canyon aquifer system several years after upward migration of methane gas occurred from the deeper Vermejo Formation coalbed production zone. Results show persistent secondary water quality impacts related to the biodegradation of methane. We identify four distinct characteristics of groundwater-methane attenuation in the Poison Canyon aquifer: (i) consumption of methane and sulfate and production of sulfide and bicarbonate, (ii) methane loss coupled to production of higher molecular weight (C2+) gaseous hydrocarbons, (iii) patterns of (13)C enrichment and depletion in methane and dissolved inorganic carbon, and (iv) a systematic shift in sulfur and oxygen isotope ratios of sulfate, indicative of microbial sulfate reduction...
February 7, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013456/selenium-administration-alleviates-toxicity-of-chromium-vi-in-the-chicken-brain
#11
Pan Hao, Yiran Zhu, Shenghua Wang, Huiyu Wan, Peng Chen, Yang Wang, Ziqiang Cheng, Yongxia Liu, Jianzhu Liu
Selenium (Se) can play a protective role against heavy metal toxicity. This experiment aims to evaluate the effect of Se supplementation at different doses on the chicken brains. Oxidative stress was induced in the chicken brains by chromium(VI). A total of 105 Hyland brown male chickens were randomly divided into seven groups, including the control group, poisoned group [6%LD50 K2Cr2O7 body weight (B.W.)], and detoxification groups K2Cr2O7 (6%LD50) + Se (0.31, 0.63, 1.25, 2.50, and 5.00 Na2SeO3 mg/kg B.W...
December 24, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669512/is-geo-environmental-exposure-a-risk-factor-for-multiple-sclerosis-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-south-western-sardinia
#12
Maria Cristina Monti, Davide Guido, Cristina Montomoli, Claudia Sardu, Alessandro Sanna, Salvatore Pretti, Lorena Lorefice, Maria Giovanna Marrosu, Paolo Valera, Eleonora Cocco
BACKGROUND: South-Western Sardinia (SWS) is a high risk area for Multiple Sclerosis (MS) with high prevalence and spatial clustering; its population is genetically representative of Sardinians and presents a peculiar environment. We evaluated the MS environmental risk of specific heavy metals (HM) and geographical factors such as solar UV exposure and urbanization by undertaking a population-based cross-sectional study in SWS. METHODS: Geochemical data on HM, UV exposure, urbanization and epidemiological MS data were available for all SWS municipalities...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27221878/high-cadmium-levels-in-cured-meat-products-marketed-in-nigeria-implications-for-public-health
#13
Olufunmilayo E Adejumo, Pius S Fasinu, Judith E Odion, Boladale O Silva, Timothy O Fajemirokun
Heavy metals are known to disrupt important physiological processes in living cells, and have been responsible for various pathological conditions with possible contributions to cancer development. Food contamination have been identified as one of the ways humans are exposed to heavy metals. In developing countries like Nigeria, the regulatory framework for enforcing compliance with globally acceptable exposure to deleterious contaminants is poor. In the current study, thirteen samples of cured meat products of diverse origin marketed in South-west Nigeria were evaluated for lead, cadmium, chromium and nickel contents using the atomic absorption spectroscopy technique...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27148463/n-acetyl-cysteine-as-effective-and-safe-chelating-agent-in-metal-on-metal-hip-implanted-patients-two-cases
#14
Andrea Giampreti, Davide Lonati, Benedetta Ragghianti, Anna Ronchi, Valeria Margherita Petrolini, Sarah Vecchio, Carlo Alessandro Locatelli
Systemic toxicity associated with cobalt (Co) and chromium (Cr) containing metal hip alloy may result in neuropathy, cardiomyopathy, and hypothyroidism. However clinical management concerning chelating therapy is still debated in literature. Here are described two metal-on-metal hip-implanted patients in which N-acetyl-cysteine decreased elevated blood metal levels. A 67-year-old male who underwent Co/Cr hip implant in September 2009 referred to our Poison Control Centre for persisting elevated Co/Cr blood levels (from March 2012 to November 2014)...
2016: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26997541/chromium-vi-bioremediation-by-probiotics
#15
REVIEW
Soraia Younan, Gabriel Z Sakita, Talita R Albuquerque, Rogéria Keller, Hermann Bremer-Neto
Chromium is a common mineral in the earth's crust and can be released into the environment from anthropogenic sources. Intake of hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) through drinking water and food causes toxic effects, leading to serious diseases, and is a commonly reported environmental problem. Microorganisms can mitigate or prevent the toxic effects caused by heavy metals in addition to having effective resistance mechanisms to prevent cell damage and bind to these metals, sequestering them from the cell surface and removing them from the body...
September 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26990190/renoprotective-effect-of-lactoferrin-against-chromium-induced-acute-kidney-injury-in-rats-involvement-of-il-18-and-igf-1-inhibition
#16
Rehab Hegazy, Abeer Salama, Dina Mansour, Azza Hassan
Hexavalent chromium (CrVI) is a heavy metal widely used in more than 50 industries. Nephrotoxicity is a major adverse effect of chromium poisoning. The present study investigated the potential renoprotective effect of lactoferrin (Lf) against potassium dichromate (PDC)-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) in rats. Beside, because previous studies suggest that interlukin-18 (IL-18) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) play important roles in promoting kidney damage, the present work aimed to evaluate the involvement of these two cytokines in PDC model of AKI and in the potential renoprotective effect of lactoferrin...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26900394/health-status-of-male-steel-workers-at-an-electric-arc-furnace-eaf-in-trentino-italy
#17
Roberto Cappelletti, Marcello Ceppi, Justina Claudatus, Valerio Gennaro
BACKGROUND: The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to determine if the workers of an Electric Arc Furnace (EAF), which recycles scrap, had higher mortality and morbidity due to possible exposure to pollutants at work. EAFs do not run on coke ovens. In EAFs 40 % of the particulate matter (PM) is made up of PM 2.5. The foundry dust contained iron, aluminum, zinc, manganese, lead, chromium, nickel, cadmium, mercury, arsenic, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls and dioxins...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26537118/effects-of-oral-administration-of-crcl3-on-the-contents-of-ca-mg-mn-fe-cu-and-zn-in-the-liver-kidney-and-heart-of-chicken
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Yanhan Liu, Xiaona Zhao, Xiao Zhang, Xuejun Zhao, Yongxia Liu, Jianzhu Liu
This study aimed to investigate the effects of oral administration of trivalent chromium on the contents of Ca, Mg, Mn, Fe, Cu, and Zn in the heart, liver, and kidney. Different levels of 1/8, 1/4, and 1/2 LD50 (LD50 = 5000 mg/kg body mass) CrCl3 milligrams per kilogram body mass daily were added into the water to establish the chronic poisoning model. Ca, Mg, Mn, Fe, Cu, and Zn were detected with the flame atomic absorption spectrometry in the organs exposed 14, 28, and 42 days to CrCl3, respectively...
June 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26206416/chromium-deposition-and-poisoning-of-la-0-8-sr-0-2-mno3-oxygen-electrodes-of-solid-oxide-electrolysis-cells
#19
Kongfa Chen, Junji Hyodo, Aaron Dodd, Na Ai, Tatsumi Ishihara, Li Jian, San Ping Jiang
The effect of the presence of an Fe-Cr alloy metallic interconnect on the performance and stability of La(0.8)Sr(0.2)MnO3 (LSM) oxygen electrodes is studied for the first time under solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC) operating conditions at 800 °C. The presence of the Fe-Cr interconnect accelerates the degradation and delamination processes of the LSM oxygen electrodes. The disintegration of LSM particles and the formation of nanoparticles at the electrode/electrolyte interface are much faster as compared to that in the absence of the interconnect...
2015: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26191988/bioremediation-of-hexavalent-chromium-vi-by-a-soil-borne-bacterium-enterobacter-cloacae-b2-dha
#20
Aminur Rahman, Noor Nahar, Neelu N Nawani, Jana Jass, Khaled Hossain, Zahangir Alam Saud, Ananda K Saha, Sibdas Ghosh, Björn Olsson, Abul Mandal
Chromium and chromium containing compounds are discharged into the nature as waste from anthropogenic activities, such as industries, agriculture, forest farming, mining and metallurgy. Continued disposal of these compounds to the environment leads to development of various lethal diseases in both humans and animals. In this paper, we report a soil borne bacterium, B2-DHA that can be used as a vehicle to effectively remove chromium from the contaminated sources. B2-DHA is resistant to chromium with a MIC value of 1000 µg mL(-1) potassium chromate...
2015: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
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