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chromium and nickel toxicity

Ning Wang, Christopher D Ivey, Christopher G Ingersoll, William G Brumbaugh, David Alvarez, Edward J Hammer, Candice R Bauer, Tom Augspurger, Sandy Raimondo, M Christopher Barnhart
Freshwater mussels, one of the most imperiled groups of animals in the world, are generally under-represented in toxicity databases used for the development of ambient water quality criteria (WQC) and other environmental guidance values. Acute 96-h toxicity tests were conducted to evaluate the sensitivity of 5 species of juvenile mussels from 2 families and 4 tribes to 10 chemicals (ammonia, metals, major ions, and organic compounds), and to "screen" 10 additional chemicals (mainly organic compounds) with a commonly tested mussel species, fatmucket (Lampsilis siliquoidea)...
October 4, 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Lucas A R Leite, Natacha H O Pedro, Rodney K de Azevedo, Angela Kinoshita, Roseli F Gennari, Shigueo Watanabe, Vanessa D Abdallah
Pollution in aquatic ecosystems due to negative human activities remains a problem in both freshwater and marine environments and is an ongoing subject of research. Several studies have shown that some fish parasites can be used as a tool for biomonitoring because they demonstrate higher metal accumulation capacity compared to their host tissues. However, compared to acanthocephalans, information regarding the absorption mechanisms and accumulation rates in nematodes is relatively limited. Here, we evaluated the potential of larvae Contracaecum sp...
September 25, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Masashi Kato, Mohammad Daud Azimi, Said Hafizullah Fayaz, Muhammad Dawood Shah, Md Zahirul Hoque, Nobuyuki Hamajima, Shoko Ohnuma, Tomomi Ohtsuka, Masao Maeda, Masafumi Yoshinaga
Toxic elements in drinking water have great effects on human health. However, there is very limited information about toxic elements in drinking water in Afghanistan. In this study, levels of 10 elements (chromium, nickel, copper, arsenic, cadmium, antimony, barium, mercury, lead and uranium) in 227 well drinking water samples in Kabul, Afghanistan were examined for the first time. Chromium (in 0.9% of the 227 samples), arsenic (7.0%) and uranium (19.4%) exceeded the values in WHO health-based guidelines for drinking-water quality...
December 2016: Chemosphere
John N Hahladakis, Antonis Latsos, Evangelos Gidarakos
The present work focused on evaluating the electrokinetic (EK) treatment of real contaminated sediments with toxic metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), using a big laboratory EK cell, periodic voltage and recently tested non-ionic surfactants. The results indicated that the "day on-night off" application mode of voltage, in conjunction with the selected solubilising agents, favoured the overall EK process. Arsenic, nickel and chromium exhibited the highest removal percentages, obtaining 83%, 67% and 63%, respectively, while zinc and lead attained 54% and 41% at the maximum...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Roland Kofi Srigboh, Niladri Basu, Judith Stephens, Emmanuel Asampong, Marie Perkins, Richard L Neitzel, Julius Fobil
Electronic waste (e-waste) recycling is growing worldwide and raising a number of environmental health concerns. One of the largest e-waste sites is Agbogbloshie (Ghana). While several toxic elements have been reported in Agbogbloshie's environment, there is limited knowledge of human exposures there. The objectives of this study were to characterize exposures to several essential (copper, iron, manganese, selenium, zinc) and toxic (arsenic, cadmium, cobalt, chromium, mercury, nickel, lead) elements in the urine and blood of male workers (n = 58) at Agbogbloshie, as well as females (n = 11) working in activities that serve the site, and to relate these exposures to sociodemographic and occupational characteristics...
December 2016: Chemosphere
Yolanda S Hedberg, Gunilla Herting, Siiri Latvala, Karine Elihn, Hanna L Karlsson, Inger Odnevall Wallinder
The European chemical framework REACH requires that hazards and risks posed by chemicals, including alloys and metals, are identified and proven safe for humans and the environment. Therefore, differences in bioaccessibility in terms of released metals in synthetic biological fluids (different pH (1.5-7.4) and composition) that are relevant for different human exposure routes (inhalation, ingestion, and dermal contact) have been assessed for powder particles of an alloy containing high levels of nickel (Inconel 718, 57 wt% nickel)...
August 27, 2016: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
Adriana González-Villalva, Laura Colín-Barenque, Patricia Bizarro-Nevares, Marcela Rojas-Lemus, Vianey Rodríguez-Lara, Isabel García-Pelaez, Martha Ustarroz-Cano, Nelly López-Valdez, Juan Carlos Albarrán-Alonso, Teresa I Fortoul
There are evidences of environmental pollution and health effects. Metals are pollutants implicated in systemic toxicity. One of the least studied effects, but which is currently becoming more important, is the effect of metals on glycemic control. Metals have been implicated as causes of chronic inflammation and oxidative stress and are associated to obesity, hyperglycemia and even diabetes. Arsenic, iron, mercury, lead, cadmium and nickel have been studied as a risk factor for hyperglycemia and diabetes. There is another group of metals that causes hypoglycemia such as vanadium, chromium, zinc and magnesium by different mechanisms...
September 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Tomasz Szynal, Małgorzata Rebeniak, Monika Mania
BACKGROUND: In addition to the release of lead and cadmium from ceramic and glass vessels, (acceptable limits being set by the EU 84/500/EC Directive), other harmful metals can migrate, such as nickel and chromium. Permissible migration limits for these latter metals however have not yet been set in the EU legislation. Both the toxic properties of nickel and chromium and the measures taken by the European Commission Working Group on Food Contact Materials for verifying permissible migration limits for lead, cadmium and other metals from ceramics have acted as drivers for studies on nickel and chromium release from ceramic and glass tableware...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Amir Waseem, Jahanzaib Arshad
Human biomonitoring (HBM) measures the concentration levels of substances or their metabolites in human body fluids and tissues. HBM of dose and biochemical effect monitoring is an effective way of measuring human exposure to chemical substances. Many countries have conducted HBM studies to develop a data base for many chemicals including trace metals of health concern for their risk assessment and risk management. However, in Pakistan, HBM program on large scale for general population does not exist at present or in the past has been reported...
November 2016: Chemosphere
Parimala Kulkarni, Suchi Agrawal, Arpana Bansal, Ankur Jain, Utkarsh Tiwari, Ayushi Anand
CONTEXT: The use of nickel-containing alloys in dentistry has been questioned because of the biological liabilities of nickel and the release of nickel ions from dental appliances into the oral cavity. The potential health hazards of nickel and chromium and their compounds have been the focus of attention for more than 100 years. It has established that these metals could cause hypersensitivity. AIMS: To assess the nickel release from various dental appliances used in pediatric dentistry...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Dentistry
Waheed Ali Shah, Zakiullah, Fazli Khuda, Faridullah Khan, Muhammad Saeed
The present study was conducted on fifteen medicinal plants and their respective branded formulations, commonly used in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, for the evaluation of toxic heavy metals. The purpose of the study was to assess the toxic profile of the crude medicinal plants with respect to the worldwide permissible limits of metal concentrations and to correlate it with their respective herbal formulations available on the market. Chromium (Cr), Copper (Cu), Lead (Pb), Manganese (Mn) and Nickel (Ni) content were evaluated using wet digestion and Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry technique...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Mirella Miettinen, Tiina Torvela, Jari T T Leskinen
OBJECTIVES: Exposure to stainless steel (SS) welding aerosol that contain toxic heavy metals, chromium (Cr), manganese (Mn), and nickel (Ni), has been associated with numerous adverse health effects. The gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) is commonly applied to SS and produces high number concentration of substantially smaller particles compared with the other welding techniques, although the mass emission rate is low. Here, a field study in a workshop with the GTAW as principal welding technique was conducted to determine the physicochemical properties of the airborne particles and to improve the understanding of the hazard the SS welding aerosols pose to welders...
October 2016: Annals of Occupational Hygiene
Lakshmi Narayana Suvarapu, Sung-Ok Baek
Heavy metal determination in ambient air is an important task for environmental researchers because of their toxicity to human beings. Some heavy metals (hexavalent chromium (Cr), arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd) and nickel (Ni)) have been listed as carcinogens. Furthermore, heavy metals in the atmosphere can accumulate in various plants and animals and enter humans through the food chain. This article reviews the determination of heavy metals in the atmosphere in different areas of the world since 2006. The results showed that most researchers concentrated on toxic metals, such as Cr, Cd, Ni, As and lead...
June 23, 2016: Toxicology and Industrial Health
Teresiah Muciku Mungai, Anita Awino Owino, Victorine Anyango Makokha, Yan Gao, Xue Yan, Jun Wang
The concentration distribution and toxicological assessment of eight heavy metals including lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), chromium (Cr), nickel (Ni), mercury (Hg), arsenic (As), and zinc (Zn) in agricultural soils from Kenya, Eastern Africa, were investigated in this study. The results showed mean concentrations of eight heavy metals of Zn, Pb, Cr, Cu, As, Ni, Hg, and Cd in agricultural soils as 247.39, 26.87, 59.69, 88.59, 8.93, 12.56, 8.06, and 0.42 mg kg(-1), respectively. These mean values of eight heavy metals were close to the toxicity threshold limit of USEPA standard values of agricultural soils, indicating potential toxicological risk to the food chain...
September 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Orish Ebere Orisakwe, Kenneth Obinna Okolo, Zelinjo Nkeiruka Igweze, Godwin Chukwuebuka Ajaezi, Nnaemeka Arinze Udowelle
BACKGROUND: Toothpastes have multi-functional configurations as oral care products. They can however constitute a pos- sible source, amongst others, of toxic metal exposure in public health. Indeed, the public health impact of personal hygiene and consumer products is largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the level of toxic metals (lead, cadmium, cobalt, chromium, nickel) in toothpastes available in Nigeria, (home produced and imported), and assess the potential risk to the people...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Adnan Tutic, Srecko Novakovic, Mitar Lutovac, Rade Biocanin, Sonja Ketin, Nusret Omerovic
The metal is a chemical element that conducts electricity well and heat, and the nonferrous metals builds cations and ionic bonds. Heavy metals include metals whose density is higher than 5 g/cm(3). The whole range of the metal is in the form of essential trace elements, essential for a number of functions in the human body, and its deficiency results in a lack of occurrence of a serious symptom. The best examples are anemia lack of iron, lack of chromium in diabetes, growth problems in lack of nickel. Other elements such as lead, cadmium, mercury, arsenic and molybdenum have been shown to exhibit large quantities of toxic effects...
June 15, 2015: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Muhammad Junaid, Muhammad Zaffar Hashmi, Riffat Naseem Malik
The study aimed to monitor heavy metal (chromium, Cr; cadmium, Cd; nickel, Ni; copper, Cu; lead, Pb; iron, Fe; manganese, Mn; and zinc, Zn) footprints in biological matrices (urine, whole blood, saliva, and hair), as well as in indoor industrial dust samples, and their toxic effects on oxidative stress and health risks in exposed workers. Overall, blood, urine, and saliva samples exhibited significantly higher concentrations of toxic metals in exposed workers (Cr; blood 16.30 μg/L, urine 58.15 μg/L, saliva 5...
September 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Mervat Morsy Abbas Ahmed El-Gendy, Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed El-Bondkly
An analysis of wastewater samples collected from different industrial regions of Egypt demonstrated dangerously high levels of nickel (0.27-31.50mgL(-1)), chromium (1.50-7.41mgL(-1)) and zinc (1.91-9.74mgL(-1)) in the effluents. Alarmingly, these heavy metals are among the most toxic knownones to humans and wildlife. Sixty-nine Actinomycete isolates derived from contaminated sites were evaluated under single, binary, and ternary systems for their biosorption capacity for Ni(2+), Cr(6+) and Zn(2+) from aqueous solutions...
July 2016: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
Mohamed Abdulraheem Shaheen, Fathy Saad El-Nakhlawy, Fahd Mosallam Almehmadi, Muhammad Zahid Ihsan, Abdulmohsin Rajeh Al-Shareef
A field study was carried out near Jeddah Industrial Zone to estimate the leaf impairment, physiological disorders, and air pollutant accumulation potential of Ziziphus tree. The experiment was triplicated in RCBD design with factorial arrangement having seasonality as the main plot and washing as subplot treatments along with the control. Accumulation of heavy metals and micronutrients in plant foliage varied significantly under the influence of seasons and washing treatments. The maximum accumulation of cadmium, chromium, nickel, and lead were perceived in summer season while the minimum was observed in winter...
June 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Annika Durve Gupta, Sivakumaran Karthikeyan
Ni and Cr are ubiquitous pollutants in the aquatic environments. These heavy metals elicit toxicities to aquatic organisms including microbes. In this study, interaction of the two heavy metals on the toxicity in Escherichia coli (E. coli) was studied using FTIR spectroscopy. The binding of Ni(II) to E. coli was stronger than that for Cr(VI). Cr exhibited antagonistic effects in the presence of Ni in E. coli. FTIR analysis showed a decrease in lipid content in the presence of Ni and not for Cr. Further, a decrease in band area was observed in the region of 3000-2800cm(-1) and at ~1455cm(-1) due to a decrease in fatty acids and lipid molecules...
August 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
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