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Prevention cardiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747268/screening-of-depression-in-cardiology-a-study-on-617-cardiovascular-patients
#1
Valentina Tesio, Sebastiano Marra, Stefania Molinaro, Riccardo Torta, Fiorenzo Gaita, Lorys Castelli
BACKGROUND: Depression screening in the cardiovascular disease (CVD) care setting is under-performed, also because the issue of the optimal screening tools cut-off is still open. We analysed which HADS (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale) total score cut-off value shows the best properties in two groups of 357 Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) and 260 Chronic Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) hospitalized patients. METHODS: A Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROC) curve was plotted for both groups using the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) as the criterion...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741863/development-of-quality-metrics-for-ambulatory-pediatric-cardiology-infection-prevention
#2
Jonathan N Johnson, Cindy S Barrett, Wayne H Franklin, Eric M Graham, Nancy J Halnon, Brandy A Hattendorf, Catherine D Krawczeski, James J McGovern, Matthew J O'Connor, Amy H Schultz, Jeffrey M Vinocur, Devyani Chowdhury, Jeffrey B Anderson
INTRODUCTION: In 2012, the American College of Cardiology's (ACC) Adult Congenital and Pediatric Cardiology Council established a program to develop quality metrics to guide ambulatory practices for pediatric cardiology. The council chose five areas on which to focus their efforts; chest pain, Kawasaki Disease, tetralogy of Fallot, transposition of the great arteries after arterial switch, and infection prevention. Here, we sought to describe the process, evaluation, and results of the Infection Prevention Committee's metric design process...
July 25, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741314/the-2017-american-society-for-preventive-cardiology-congress-and-experts-course
#3
EDITORIAL
Seth J Baum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 24, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729452/setting-the-agenda-for-preventive-cardiology
#4
Michael D Shapiro, Sergio Fazio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727358/-antiplatelet-therapy-in-secondary-stroke-prevention
#5
Lorenz Hirt, Emmanuel Carrera
New studies have refined the role of antiplatelet therapy in secondary prevention after noncardioembolic strokes. The first line antiplatelet therapy remains Aspirin. Clopidogrel and the combination aspirine plus dipyridamole are suitable alternatives with a slightly better protection. Ticagrelor, a reversible P2Y12 receptor inhibitor used in cardiology, has not demonstrated its superiority to Aspirin. Early after stroke, a double antiplatelet therapy combining Aspirin and clopidogrel is increasingly administered as a recent study demonstrated a decrease in the incidence of cerebrovascular events after a minor stroke or high-risk TIA...
April 26, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725272/brazilian-guidelines-on-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-with-diabetes-a-position-statement-from-the-brazilian-diabetes-society-sbd-the-brazilian-cardiology-society-sbc-and-the-brazilian-endocrinology-and-metabolism-society-sbem
#6
REVIEW
Marcello Casaccia Bertoluci, Rodrigo Oliveira Moreira, André Faludi, Maria Cristina Izar, Beatriz D Schaan, Cynthia Melissa Valerio, Marcelo Chiara Bertolami, Ana Paula Chacra, Marcus Vinicius Bolivar Malachias, Sérgio Vencio, José Francisco Kerr Saraiva, Roberto Betti, Luiz Turatti, Francisco Antonio Helfenstein Fonseca, Henrique Tria Bianco, Marta Sulzbach, Adriana Bertolami, João Eduardo Nunes Salles, Alexandre Hohl, Fábio Trujilho, Eduardo Gomes Lima, Marcio Hiroshi Miname, Maria Teresa Zanella, Rodrigo Lamounier, João Roberto Sá, Celso Amodeo, Antonio Carlos Pires, Raul D Santos
BACKGROUND: Since the first position statement on diabetes and cardiovascular prevention published in 2014 by the Brazilian Diabetes Society, the current view on primary and secondary prevention in diabetes has evolved as a result of new approaches on cardiovascular risk stratification, new cholesterol lowering drugs, and new anti-hyperglycemic drugs. Importantly, a pattern of risk heterogeneity has emerged, showing that not all diabetic patients are at high or very high risk. In fact, most younger patients who have no overt cardiovascular risk factors may be more adequately classified as being at intermediate or even low cardiovascular risk...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716506/how-to-prevent-burnout-in-cardiologists-a-review-of-the-current-evidence-gaps-and-future-directions
#7
REVIEW
Maria Panagioti, Keith Geraghty, Judith Johnson
Burnout is rising in all physicians, and cardiologists are not an exemption. Cardiology is a very popular specialty among medical students as it is associated with outstanding training standards and high prestige and income. In this review, we critically summarize the evidence on consequences, causes, and evidence-based interventions for burnout with a view toward recommending the best strategies for promoting wellness in cardiologists. Only a handful of studies have examined burnout specifically in cardiologists...
July 4, 2017: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716041/potentially-inappropriate-home-medications-among-older-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease-admitted-to-a-cardiology-service-in-usa
#8
Marwan Sheikh-Taha, Hani Dimassi
BACKGROUND: The use of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) may pose more risks than benefits to patients and is a major factor contributing to the likelihood of serious adverse drug reactions and negative health outcomes among older patients. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted in a tertiary care center in USA where home medications of the older patients were reviewed and analyzed upon hospital admission over three months, from March till May 2016...
July 17, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714997/-2016-european-guidelines-on-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-in-clinical-practice-the-sixth-joint-task-force-of-the-european-society-of-cardiology-and-other-societies-on-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-in-clinical-practice-constituted-by-representatives
#9
Massimo F Piepoli, Arno W Hoes, Stefan Agewall, Christian Albus, Carlos Brotons, Alberico L Catapano, Marie-Therese Cooney, Ugo Corrà, Bernard Cosyns, Christi Deaton, Ian Graham, Michael Stephen Hall, F D Richard Hobbs, Maja-Lisa Løchen, Herbert Löllgen, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Joep Perk, Eva Prescott, Josep Redon, Dimitrios J Richter, Naveed Sattar, Yvo Smulders, Monica Tiberi, H Bart van der Worp, Ineke van Dis, W M Monique Verschuren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705107/the-systematic-coronary-risk-evaluation-score-for-the-prevention-of-cardiovascular-diseases-does-evidence-exist-for-its-effectiveness-a-systematic-review
#10
Tomasz Tomasik, Janusz Krzysztoń, Katarzyna Dubas-Jakóbczyk, Violetta Kijowska, Adam Windak
OBJECTIVES: The SCORE model predicts the ten-year risk of cardiovascular mortality but it is still unknown whether applying the SCORE in clinical practice subsequently improves cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes. The objective of this study is to assess the effect of total cardiovascular risk estimation using the SCORE in preventing serious cardiovascular events in European adults without prior CVD. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data sources: eight bibliographical databases (2003 - August 2015), other internet sources and reference lists of articles were checked...
July 14, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700788/optimal-medical-therapy-for-known-coronary-artery-disease-a-review
#11
Raymond J Gibbons, Todd D Miller
Importance: This review examines the current state-of-the-art optimal medical therapy (OMT) for patients with known coronary artery disease. This therapy, which is sometimes labeled as secondary prevention, is effective in preventing recurrent events and is recommended by the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association guidelines. Optimal medical therapy is of recognized public health benefit. Observations: The available evidence from broad patient populations, contemporary randomized trials, and multiple recent studies with pharmacy records indicates that the delivery of OMT is far from ideal...
July 12, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700275/guideline-based-statin-eligibility-cancer-events-and-noncardiovascular-mortality-in-the-framingham-heart-study
#12
Amit Pursnani, Joseph M Massaro, Ralph B D'Agostino, Christopher J O'Donnell, Udo Hoffmann
Purpose Cancer and cardiovascular disease share risk factors, and there is some evidence that statins reduce cancer mortality. We sought to determine the accuracy of the 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association statin eligibility criteria to identify individuals at a higher risk of developing cancer or of dying as a result of cancer or other noncardiovascular causes. Methods We included 2,196 participants (50.5 ± 8.1 years of age; 55% female) who were statin naïve and free of cancer at baseline from the offspring and third-generation cohorts of the community-based longitudinal Framingham Heart Study...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697713/an-update-of-the-italian-stroke-organization-stroke-prevention-awareness-diffusion-group-guidelines-on-carotid-endarterectomy-and-stenting-a-personalized-medicine-approach
#13
Gaetano Lanza, Carlo Setacci, Stefano Ricci, Patrizio Castelli, Alberto Cremonesi, Jessica Lanza, Claudio Novali, Carlo Pratesi, Paola Santalucia, Francesco Speziale, Augusto Zaninelli, Gian Franco Gensini
Although proof-based medicine has generated much valid evidence for the drawing up of guidelines and recommendations for best clinical practice in symptomatic and asymptomatic carotid stenosis, whether and when it is better to employ endarterectomy or stenting as the intervention of choice still remain matters of debate. Moreover, guidelines have been targeted up to now to the 'representative' patient, as resulting from the statistical analyses of the studies conducted on the safety and efficacy of both interventions as well as on medical therapy alone...
July 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696220/prevention-of-sudden-cardiac-death-in-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-do-the-guidelines-fall-short
#14
Jim T Vehmeijer, Zeliha Koyak, Werner Budts, Louise Harris, Candice K Silversides, Erwin N Oechslin, Berto J Bouma, Aeilko H Zwinderman, Barbara J M Mulder, Joris R de Groot
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a major cause of mortality in adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) patients. SCD may be prevented by implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation, but patient stratification remains troublesome. The 2014 Consensus Statement on Arrhythmias in ACHD patients and the 2015 European Society of Cardiology Guidelines specified recommendations for ICD implantation in ACHD patients for the first time. We assess the discriminative ability of these ICD recommendations for SCD in ACHD patients...
July 2017: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693891/an-alarming-trend-change-in-the-risk-profile-of-patients-with-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-over-the-last-two-decades
#15
Amgad Mentias, Elizabeth Hill, Amr F Barakat, Mohammad Q Raza, Dalia Youssef, Kinjal Banerjee, Abhishek C Sawant, Stephen Ellis, E Murat Tuzcu, Samir R Kapadia
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of mortality around the world. We sought to study changes in the risk profile of patients presenting with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: We retrospectively studied all patients presenting with STEMI to our center between 1995 and 2014. Patients were divided into four quartiles, 5years each. Baseline risk factors and comorbidities were recorded. Sub-analysis was done for patients with established CAD and their household incomes...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692375/non-invasive-imaging-in-cardiology-for-the-generalist
#16
Mark J Davies, James D Newton
In contrast to invasive techniques, the goal of non-invasive cardiac imaging is to identify or exclude heart disease in response to a patient's clinical history of cardiac localizing symptoms. Imaging also aims to establish the risk of an individual developing future heart disease with a view to preventing major cardiovascular events such as myocardial infarction. As well as a role in risk stratification, non-invasive cardiac imaging also helps with decision making for future medical and procedural interventions...
July 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691508/substantial-improvement-of-primary-cardiovascular-prevention-by-a-systematic-score-based-multimodal-approach-a-randomized-trial-the-preford-study
#17
Detlef Bernd Gysan, Stefanie Millentrup, Christian Albus, Birna Bjarnason-Wehrens, Joachim Latsch, Helmut Gohlke, Gerd Herold, Karl Wegscheider, Christian Heming, Melchior Seyfarth, Hans-Georg Predel
Trial design Prospective randomized multicentre interventional study. Methods Individual cardiovascular risk assessment in Ford Company, Germany employees ( n = 4.196), using the European Society of Cardiology-Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (ESC-SCORE) for classification into three risk groups. Subjects assigned to ESC high-risk group (ESC-SCORE ≥ 5%), without a history of cardiovascular disease were eligible for randomization to a multimodal 15-week intervention programme (INT) or to usual care and followed up for 36 months...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687710/evaluating-the-impact-and-cost-effectiveness-of-statin-use-guidelines-for-primary-prevention-of-coronary-heart-disease-and-stroke
#18
David J Heller, Pamela G Coxson, Joanne Penko, Mark J Pletcher, Lee Goldman, Michelle C Odden, Dhruv S Kazi, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo
Background -Statins are effective in primary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. The 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC-AHA) guideline expands recommended statin use, but its cost-effectiveness has not been compared with other guidelines. Methods -We used the Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) Policy Model to estimate the cost-effectiveness of the ACC-AHA, relative to current use, Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III) guidelines, and universal statin use in all men age 45-74 years and women age 55-74 years over a 10-year horizon from 2016 to 2025...
July 7, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687538/temporal-trends-of-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-myocardial-perfusion-imaging-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-a-22-year-experience-from-a-tertiary-academic-medical-center
#19
Hayan Jouni, J Wells Askew, Daniel J Crusan, Todd D Miller, Raymond J Gibbons
BACKGROUND: There has been a gradual decline in the prevalence of abnormal stress single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging studies among patients without history of coronary artery disease (CAD). The trends of SPECT studies among patients with known CAD have not been evaluated previously. METHODS AND RESULTS: We assessed the Mayo Clinic nuclear cardiology database for all stress SPECT tests performed between January 1991 and December 2012 in patients with history of CAD defined as having previous myocardial infarction, percutaneous coronary intervention, and coronary artery bypass grafting...
July 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673901/implications-of-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-acc-aha-cholesterol-guidelines-on-statin-underutilization-for-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-diabetes-mellitus-among-several-us-networks-of-community-health-centers
#20
Ehimare Akhabue, Sarah S Rittner, Joseph E Carroll, Phillip M Crawford, Lydia Dant, Reesa Laws, Michael C Leo, Jon Puro, Stephen D Persell
BACKGROUND: Little is known about statin underutilization among diabetes mellitus patients cared for in community health centers, which tend to serve socioeconomically disadvantaged populations. Implications of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines on preexisting gaps in statin treatment in this population are unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included 32 440 adults (45% male, 63% nonwhite, 29% uninsured/Medicaid) aged 40 to 75 years with diabetes mellitus who received care within 16 community health center groups in 11 states in the Community Health Applied Research Network during 2013...
July 3, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
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