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Josef A I Weigl
BACKGROUND: At Pentecost 2017 outbreaks of scabies occurred in three schools in Ploen County. Several classes were supposed to go on an excursion or had returned from an excursion with symptomatic kids. METHODS: Rapid investigation, on site outbreak confirmation, home visits of the environment of the index cases, simultaneous mass treatment and post exposure prophylaxis (PEP) with Ivermectin according to the outbreak characteristics were applied. RESULTS: The index case of school A was ill since 5 months, but was misdiagnosed as eczema...
February 19, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
Ming-Chuan Hsu, Wen-Chun Hung
Originally identified as a metabolic enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of a phosphate group from phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) to ADP in the glycolytic pathway, pyruvate kinase M2-type (PKM2) has been shown to exhibit novel biological activities in the nucleus and outside the cells. Although cell-based studies reveal new non-canonical functions of PKM2 in gene transcription, epigenetic modulation and cell cycle progression, the importance of these non-canonical functions in PKM2-mediated tumorigenesis is still under debate because studies in genetically modified mice do not consistently echo the findings observed in cultured cancer cells...
February 19, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Barbara Templ, Elisabeth Koch, Kjell Bolmgren, Markus Ungersböck, Anita Paul, Helfried Scheifinger, This Rutishauser, Montserrat Busto, Frank-M Chmielewski, Lenka Hájková, Sabina Hodzić, Frank Kaspar, Barbara Pietragalla, Ramiro Romero-Fresneda, Anne Tolvanen, Višnja Vučetič, Kirsten Zimmermann, Ana Zust
The Pan European Phenology (PEP) project is a European infrastructure to promote and facilitate phenological research, education, and environmental monitoring. The main objective is to maintain and develop a Pan European Phenological database (PEP725) with an open, unrestricted data access for science and education. PEP725 is the successor of the database developed through the COST action 725 "Establishing a European phenological data platform for climatological applications" working as a single access point for European-wide plant phenological data...
February 18, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
Mengge Liu, Shiyu Li, Qian Zhang, Zhenrui Xu, Jiajia Wang, Hanxiao Sun
In recent years, using genetic engineering and bioengineering techniques, Bifidobacterium as a carrier to express specific functions of the protein or polypeptide, has become a new treatment for disease. Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a type of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Although the cause of this inflammatory disorder is still unknown, a large amount of evidence suggests that ulcerative colitis is associated with increased activity of reactive oxygen species (ROS), manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) is a kind of superoxide dismutase (SOD) has been demonstrated to play a key role in the pathophysiology of colitis...
February 14, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
Christopher A Pepping, Timothy J Cronin, Anthony Lyons, Jon G Caldwell
Individuals higher in dispositional mindfulness, a quality of non-judgmental attention to the present moment, fare better than their less mindful counterparts on a wide range of psychological and interpersonal outcomes. However, remarkably little is known about the potential influence of dispositional mindfulness on sexual outcomes. Here we investigated whether dispositional mindfulness was associated with a range of sexual outcomes, including sexual satisfaction, sexual hyperactivation (heightened sexual desire and worry), sexual deactivation (suppression of sexual desire and behavior), and problematic pornography use...
February 16, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Zuyuan Luo, Siqi Zhang, Jijia Pan, Rui Shi, Hao Liu, Yalin Lyu, Xiao Han, Yan Li, Yue Yang, Zhixiu Xu, Yi Sui, En Luo, Yuanyuan Zhang, Shicheng Wei
The efficacy of stem cell-based bone tissue engineering has been hampered by cell death and limited fate control. A smart cell culture system with the capability of sequentially delivering multiple factors in specific growth stages, like the mechanism of the natural extracellular matrix modulating tissue formation, is attractive for enhancing cell activity and controlling cell fate. Here, a bone forming peptide-1 (BFP-1)-laden mesoporous silica nanoparticles (pep@MSNs) incorporated adhesion peptide, containing the arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) domain, modified alginate hydrogel (RA) system (pep@MSNs-RA) was developed to promote the activity and stimulate osteo-differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) in sequence...
February 10, 2018: Biomaterials
Scott Michael, Ollie Jay, Kenneth S Graham, Glen M Davis
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated indirect measures of post-exercise parasympathetic reactivation (using heart-rate-variability, HRV) and sympathetic withdrawal (using systolic-time-intervals, STI) following upper- and lower-body exercise. DESIGN: Randomized, counter-balanced, crossover. METHODS: 13 males (age 26.4±4.7years) performed maximal arm-cranking (MAX-ARM) and leg-cycling (MAX-LEG). Subsequently, participants undertook separate 8-min bouts of submaximal HR-matched exercise of each mode (ARM and LEG)...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Diego Camargo, J A de la Torre, D Duque-Zumajo, Pep Español, Rafael Delgado-Buscalioni, Farid Chejne
Density Functional Theory (DFT) is a successful and well-established theory for the study of the structure of simple and complex fluids at equilibrium. The theory has been generalized to dynamical situations when the underlying dynamics is diffusive as in, for example, colloidal systems. However, there is no such a clear foundation for Dynamic DFT (DDFT) for the case of simple fluids in contact with solid walls. In this work, we derive DDFT for simple fluids by including not only the mass density field but also the momentum density field of the fluid...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
Nicholas Plusnin, Christopher A Pepping, Emiko S Kashima
Terror management theory outlines how humans seek self-esteem and worldview validation to manage death-related anxiety. Accumulating evidence reveals that close relationships serve a similar role. However, to date, there has been no synthesis of the literature that delineates when close relationships buffer mortality concerns, under what conditions, on which specific outcomes, and for whom. This systematic review presents over two decades of research to address these questions. Findings from 73 reviewed studies revealed that close relationships serve an important role in buffering death-related anxiety...
February 1, 2018: Personality and Social Psychology Review
Yonghai Lu, Juanjuan Chen, Chong Huang, Ning Li, Li Zou, Sin Eng Chia, Shengsen Chen, Kangkang Yu, Qingxia Ling, Qi Cheng, Mengqi Zhu, Weidong Zhang, Mingquan Chen, Choon Nam Ong
We compared hepatic and serum lipid changes in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients to have a better understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of this disease and discovery novel lipid biomarkers. Hepatic and serum lipid profiling was conducted in paired liver and serum samples from 50 HCC patients and 24 healthy controls. A total of 20 hepatic and 40 serum lipid signatures were identified, yet there was hardly any significant correlation between them. The results indicated that triglycerides and phosphatidylcholines contributed significantly to altered hepatic lipids, whereas triglycerides and phosphatidylethanolamine-based plasmalogens (PEp) contributed most to altered serum lipids...
January 12, 2018: Oncotarget
Eiji Funatsu, Atsuhiro Masuda, Mamoru Takenaka, Takashi Nakagawa, Hideyuki Shiomi, Hayato Yoshinaka, Takashi Kobayashi, Arata Sakai, Yosuke Yagi, Masaru Yoshida, Yoshifumi Arisaka, Yoshihiro Okabe, Hiromu Kutsumi, Takeshi Azuma
BACKGROUND: Previous pancreatitis is a definite patient-related risk factor for pancreatitis after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (post-ERCP pancreatitis: PEP). However, the effects of differences in the history of PEP and acute pancreatitis on the occurrence of PEP have not been fully investigated. We examined the relationship between previous PEP or previous acute pancreatitis and procedural factors associated with PEP. METHODS: Clinical data on 1,334 consecutive patients undergoing ERCP between April 2006 and June 2010 were collected...
May 15, 2017: Kobe Journal of Medical Sciences
Mohammed Baqur S Al-Shuhaib, Ali H Albakri, Sabah H Alwan, Noor B Almandil, Sayed AbdulAzeez, J Francis Borgio
Aspergillus flavus is among the most devastating opportunistic pathogens of several food crops including rice, due to its high production of carcinogenic aflatoxins. The presence of these organisms in economically important rice strip farming is a serious food safety concern. Several polymerase chain reaction (PCR) primers have been designed to detect this species; however, a comparative assessment of their accuracy has not been conducted. This study aims to identify the optimal diagnostic PCR primers for the identification of A...
February 7, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Zhiyong Han, Qingqing Duan, Yongqiang Fei, Dan Zeng, Guozhong Shi, Haimei Li, Meilun Hu
Public awareness of domestic waste characteristics and management (PADWCM) is a prerequisite for a domestic waste management (DWM) plan. In this study, we considered China as a typical example of developing countries to investigate the public perception of environmental pollution (PEP), PADWCM, and its socioeconomic factors using questionnaires and statistical methods. The results indicated that the public PEP was mainly due to obvious environmental contamination in local villages and the PADWCM is still inadequate in rural areas...
February 8, 2018: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
Sarah E Partovi, Florence Mus, Andrew E Gutknecht, Hunter A Martinez, Brian P Tripet, Bernd Markus Lange, Jennifer L DuBois, John W Peters
For nearly 30 years, coenzyme M (CoM) was assumed to be present solely in methanogenic archaea. In the late 1990s, CoM was reported to play a role in bacterial propene metabolism, but no biosynthetic pathway for CoM has yet been identified in bacteria. Here, using bioinformatics and proteomic approaches in the metabolically versatile bacterium Xanthobacter autotrophicus Py2, we identified four putative CoM biosynthetic enzymes encoded by xcbB1, C1, D1, and E1 genes. Only XcbB1 was homologous to a known CoM biosynthetic enzyme (ComA), indicating that CoM biosynthesis in bacteria involves enzymes different from those in archaea...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Gaoxing Ma, Benard Muinde Kimatu, Liyan Zhao, Wenjian Yang, Fei Pei, Qiuhui Hu
Pleurotus eryngii polysaccharides have been shown to exert significant biological activities to the host. However, few studies have been conducted on its effects on gastrointestinal tract (GIT) health alteration. In the present study, small intestinal and colonic proteome alterations generated by dietary supplementation with a novel homogeneous P. eryngii polysaccharide (PEP) in C57BL/6 mice, based on the isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) proteomics were investigated. Compared to the control group, PEP supplementation resulted in a total of 113 and 194 significant differential proteins (DPs) in the small intestine and colon, respectively...
February 5, 2018: Proteomics
Kaitlin Schaefer, Tristan Wold Owens, Daniel Kahne, Suzanne Walker
The Gram-positive bacterial cell wall is a large supramolecular structure and its assembly requires coordination of complex biosynthetic pathways. In the step that merges the two major biosynthetic pathways in Staphylococcus aureus cell wall as-sembly, conserved protein ligases attach wall teichoic acids to peptidoglycan, but the order of biosynthetic events is a longstanding question. Here, we use a chemical approach to define which of the possible peptidoglycan intermediates are substrates for wall-teichoic acid ligases, thereby establishing the order of cell wall assembly...
February 6, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Stefan Meyer, Marek Tulej, Peter Wurz
The exploration of habitable environments around the gas giants in the Solar System is of major interest in upcoming planetary missions. Exactly this theme is addressed by the Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer (JUICE) mission of the European Space Agency (ESA), which will characterise Ganymede, Europa, and Callisto as planetary objects and potential habitats. The NIM, Neutral gas and Ion Mass spectrometer, is part of the PEP experiment and will be used to measure the chemical composition of the exospheres of the icy Jovian moons...
January 2018: Review of Scientific Instruments
Yu-Bin Su, Bo Peng, Hui Li, Zhi-Xue Cheng, Tian-Tuo Zhang, Jia-Xin Zhu, Dan Li, Min-Yi Li, Jin-Zhou Ye, Chao-Chao Du, Song Zhang, Xian-Liang Zhao, Man-Jun Yang, Xuan-Xian Peng
The emergence and ongoing spread of multidrug-resistant bacteria puts humans and other species at risk for potentially lethal infections. Thus, novel antibiotics or alternative approaches are needed to target drug-resistant bacteria, and metabolic modulation has been documented to improve antibiotic efficacy, but the relevant metabolic mechanisms require more studies. Here, we show that glutamate potentiates aminoglycoside antibiotics, resulting in improved elimination of antibiotic-resistant pathogens. When exploring the metabolic flux of glutamate, it was found that the enzymes that link the phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP)-pyruvate-AcCoA pathway to the TCA cycle were key players in this increased efficacy...
January 30, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Yongfei Liu, Yiran Xu, Dongqin Ding, Jianping Wen, Beiwei Zhu, Dawei Zhang
BACKGROUND: L-phenylalanine (L-Phe) is an essential amino acid for mammals and applications expand into human health and nutritional products. In this study, a system level engineering was conducted to enhance L-Phe biosynthesis in Escherichia coli. RESULTS: We inactivated the PTS system and recruited glucose uptake via combinatorial modulation of galP and glk to increase PEP supply in the Xllp01 strain. In addition, the HTH domain of the transcription factor TyrR was engineered to decrease the repression on the transcriptional levels of L-Phe pathway enzymes...
January 30, 2018: BMC Biotechnology
Seon-Mi Yu, Yeon Joo Choi, Song Ja Kim
Glutaredoxin-1 (GRX-1), belonging to the oxidoreductase family, is a component of the endogenous antioxidant defense system. In this study, we evaluated the effects of PEP-1-GRX-1 in rabbit articular chondrocytes. We found that PEP-1-GRX-1 causes a loss of the differentiated chondrocyte phenotype. PEP-1-GRX-1-treated cells exhibited decreases in type II collagen expression and sulfated-proteoglycan synthesis in a dose- and time-dependent manner. PEP-1-GRX-1 causes endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-stress, as evidenced by increases in ER stress marker proteins, i...
January 21, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
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