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Menses AND exercise

Aoi Ikedo, Takuma Arimitsu, Toshiyuki Kurihara, Kumiko Ebi, Satoshi Fujita
Background: Vitamin D and calcium are essential nutrients for bone health. In addition, vitamin D suppresses inflammatory cytokines and increases bone resorption. Therefore, improvements in bone health by calcium and vitamin D supplementation have the potential to not only improve calcium metabolism but also suppress inflammation associated with exercise training. The purpose of this study was to determine whether ongoing vitamin D supplementation and low-fat milk intake by female high-school endurance runners would improve bone metabolism by suppressing inflammatory cytokines and the parathyroid hormone (PTH)...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Anne Drabkin, Micol S Rothman, Elizabeth Wassenaar, Margherita Mascolo, Philip S Mehler
Aim: To review current medical literature regarding the causes and clinical management options for low bone mineral density (BMD) in adult patients with eating disorders. Background: Low bone mineral density is a common complication of eating disorders with potentially lifelong debilitating consequences. Definitive, rigorous guidelines for screening, prevention and management are lacking. This article intends to provide a review of the literature to date and current options for prevention and treatment...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
Kimberly Liu, Tarek Motan, Paul Claman
OBJECTIVES: To review the etiology, evaluation, and treatment of hirsutism. EVALUATION: A thorough history and physical examination plus selected laboratory evaluations will confirm the diagnosis and direct treatment. TREATMENT: Pharmacologic interventions can suppress ovarian or adrenal androgen production and block androgen receptors in the hair follicle. Hair removal methods and lifestyle modifications may improve or hasten the therapeutic response...
November 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Lindsey J Anderson, Lucinda L Baker, E Todd Schroeder
PURPOSE: Acute muscle damage after exercise triggers subsequent regeneration, leading to hypertrophy and increased strength after repeated exercise. It has been debated whether acute exercise-induced muscle damage is altered under various premenopausal estrogen conditions. Acute contraction-induced muscle damage was compared during exogenous (oral contraceptive, OC), endogenous (luteal phase, HI), or low (menses, LO) estrogen in healthy young women aged 21 to 30 years old. METHODS: Women (OC, n = 9; HI, n = 9; LO, n = 8; total N = 26) performed 1 neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) bout...
June 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
E A Southmayd, R J Mallinson, N I Williams, D J Mallinson, M J De Souza
Many female athletes are energy and/or estrogen deficient, but the independent effects on bone health have not been isolated. Energy deficiency was detrimental at the tibia while estrogen deficiency was detrimental at the radius. Nutrition must be considered alongside menstrual recovery when addressing compromised bone health in female athletes. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to describe volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD), bone geometry, and estimated bone strength in exercising women (n = 60) grouped according to energy status (energy replete (EnR: n = 30) vs...
April 2017: Osteoporosis International
Agnieszka Drosdzol-Cop, Monika Bąk-Sosnowska, Dominika Sajdak, Agnieszka Białka, Agnieszka Kobiołka, Grzegorz Franik, Violetta Skrzypulec-Plinta
INTRODUCTION: Eating disorders are an important factor in menstrual cycle disorders in girls. Moreover, low self-esteem among adolescent girls may be a risk factor for eating disorders. The aim of the study was to assess the menstrual cycle, eating habits and self-esteem of Polish adolescents. METHODS: The study was conducted from January 2014 to March 2015 and included 623 girls, aged 15-19, from randomly selected junior high schools in Silesia, Poland, in which their menstrual cycle, risk of eating disorders and self-esteem were evaluated...
March 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
F Orio, G Muscogiuri, F Giallauria, S Savastano, P Bottiglieri, D Tafuri, P Predotti, G Colarieti, A Colao, S Palomba
BACKGROUND: Although oral contraceptives (OCs) are one the most widespread therapy in young polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) women and physical exercise represents a crucial first step in the treatment of overweight and obese PCOS, no studies were performed to compare the effects on cardiovascular risk (CVR) of OCs and physical exercise in PCOS. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of OCs administration and physical exercise on the CVR, clinical, hormonal and metabolic parameters in PCOS women...
November 2016: Clinical Endocrinology
Kari Ragan
OBJECTIVE: Using subjective measures, this study investigated singers' and listeners' perceptions of changes in voice condition after vocal cool-down exercises. STUDY DESIGN: A single-subject crossover was designed to evaluate whether there were discernible differences in either singer or listener perceptions from pre (no vocal cool downs) to post (with cool downs) test. Subjective questionnaires were completed throughout the study. METHODS: Twenty classically trained female singers documented self-ratings and perceptual judgments through the Evaluation of the Ability to Sing Easily survey, the Singing Voice Handicap Index, and Self-Perceptual Questionnaires after a 60-minute voice load...
November 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Jeffrey Albores, Gregory Fishbein, Joanne Bando
A 34-year-old woman presented with her third episode of acute-onset right-sided chest pain and dyspnea. She had two prior similar occurrences of right-sided sharp, pleuritic chest pain with radiation to the back and dyspnea. Chest radiographs during these presentations revealed a small apical right-sided pneumothorax that was managed conservatively with high-flow oxygen. All three presentations were associated with vigorous exercise and the first day of her menses. She denied cough, hemoptysis, fever, smoking history, airplane travel, scuba diving, or trauma during these presentations...
November 2015: Chest
Ahmed M Nooh, Atiea Abdul-Hady, Nadia El-Attar
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the nature and prevalence of menstrual disorders among teenage girls. DESIGN: An observational descriptive cross-sectional study. SETTING: Zagazig University Students' Hospital, Zagazig, Egypt. PARTICIPANTS: A representative sample of female students who attended the university pre-enrollment medical examination. INTERVENTIONS: Self-administered questionnaire covering items on the adolescents' demographic data and menstruation characteristics...
April 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Elżbieta Sowińska-Przepiera, Elżbieta Andrysiak-Mamos, Grażyna Jarząbek-Bielecka, Aleksandra Walkowiak, Lilianna Osowicz-Korolonek, Małgorzata Syrenicz, Witold Kędzia, Anhelli Syrenicz
Functional hypothalamic amenorrhoea (FHA) is associated with functional inhibition of the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis. Causes of FHA can be classified into the three groups: 1) stress-related factors, 2) consequences of weight loss and/or underweight, and 3) consequences of physical exercise or practicing sports. Diagnosis of FHA should be based on a history of menstrual disorders. During physical examination, patients with FHA present with secondary and tertiary sex characteristics specific for the pubertal stage preceding development of the condition and with the signs of hypoestrogenism...
2015: Endokrynologia Polska
Sarah E Romans, David Kreindler, Gillian Einstein, Sheila Laredo, Michele J Petrovic, James Stanley
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the temporal relationship of subjective sleep quality to menstrual cycle phase in a community (non help-seeking) sample of adult women over six months. Previous work has produced contradictory results and often used student samples. PARTICIPANTS/METHODS: HASH(0x4d9d590) PATIENTS/METHODS: This was a cohort study, using daily electronic data collection in the Greater Toronto Area, Ontario, Canada; 76 women aged 18-42 years recruited by random digit telephone dialing, recorded mood, sleep quality, and other health variables on a daily basis for 24 weeks...
April 2015: Sleep Medicine
Nazirah G Mohamed, Nurdiana Z Abidin, Kim S Law, Mika Abe, Megumi Suzuki, Ahmad M Che Muhamed, Rabindarjeet Singh
BACKGROUND: Menstruation is associated with significant unpleasantness, and wearing a sanitary napkin (SN) during menses causes discomfort. In addition, many Muslim women use a thick type of SN during menses due to the religious requirement that even disposable SNs be washed before disposal. Therefore, the objective of this study was to measure the physiological and psychological responses to wearing SNs of different thicknesses during menstruation and non-menstruation phases at rest and during physical activity/exercise among Muslim women...
2014: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
Lynn Cialdella-Kam, Charlotte P Guebels, Gianni F Maddalozzo, Melinda M Manore
Exercise-related menstrual dysfunction (ExMD) is associated with low energy availability (EA), decreased bone mineral density (BMD), and increased risk of musculoskeletal injury. We investigated whether a 6-month carbohydrate-protein (CHO-PRO) supplement (360 kcal/day, 54 g CHO/day, 20 g PRO/day) intervention would improve energy status and musculoskeletal health and restore menses in female athletes (n = 8) with ExMD. At pre/post-intervention, reproductive and thyroid hormones, bone health (BMD, bone mineral content, bone markers), muscle strength/power and protein metabolism markers, profile of mood state (POMS), and energy intake (EI)/energy expenditure (7 day food/activity records) were measured...
August 2014: Nutrients
C Bagur-Calafat, J Farrerons-Minguella, M Girabent-Farrés, J R Serra-Grima
AIM: The main goal of the present work is to establish the positive influence high-impact physical exercise, specifically high-level basketball, on bone acquisition in adolescent female and verify if the long-term exposure to such programs is the major modifiable factor explaining bone acquisition during adolescence. METHODS: A prospective cohort study comparing the development of bone mass in the lumbar spine, proximal femur and distal radius was carried out over a three-year period in two groups of adolescents: elite basketball players and age-matched controls...
January 2015: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
E Franzoni, F Ciccarese, E Di Pietro, G Facchini, F Moscano, L Iero, A Monaldi, G Battista, A Bazzocchi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Restrictive Anorexia nervosa (ANR) is an eating disorder (ED) characterized by a low bone mineral content (BMC) and by an alteration in body composition (reduction and abnormal distribution of fat mass-FM and lean mass-LM). The aim of our study was to address whether bone and body composition changes could be influenced by hormonal status and sport in female adolescents with restrictive anorexia nervosa-ANR. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Prospective study on 79 adolescents with ANR submitted to Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry-DXA at baseline-T0 and after 12 months-T12...
February 2014: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Alethea J Anderson, Mark A Babcock
Our objective was to determine if the menstrual cycle affected expiratory resistance developed during progressive incremental exercise in females. Eleven females (age = 19.7 ± 1.1 yr., body mass = 58.9 ± 8.8 Kg, height = 1.65 ± 0.3 m) gave consent to participate in the study. Participants were studied during the follicular (day 7 ± 2 days following onset of menses) and luteal (day 21 ± 2 days following onset of menses) phases of their menstrual cycle. The expiratory resistance was significantly higher during the follicular phase at maximal workload versus the luteal phase (1...
2008: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Kathleen R Zook, Brit I Saksvig, Tong Tong Wu, Deborah Rohm Young
PURPOSE: Although the decline of physical activity in adolescent girls is well-documented, there are girls whose physical activity does not follow this pattern. This study examined the relationships between physical activity trajectories and personal, psychosocial, and environmental factors among adolescent girls. METHODS: Participants were from the University of Maryland field site of the Trial of Activity for Adolescent Girls. Of 730 girls measured in 8th grade, 589 were remeasured in 11th grade...
January 2014: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Charlotte P Guebels, Lynn C Kam, Gianni F Maddalozzo, Melinda M Manore
UNLABELLED: It is hypothesized that exercise-related menstrual dysfunction (ExMD) results from low energy availability (EA), defined as energy intake (EI)--exercise energy expenditure (EEE). When EI is too low, resting metabolic rate (RMR) may be reduced to conserve energy. PURPOSE: To measure changes in RMR and EA, using four methods to quantify EEE, before/after a 6-month diet intervention aimed at restoring menses in women with ExMD; eumenorrheic (Eumen) active controls (n = 9) were also measured...
February 2014: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Rebecca J Mallinson, Nancy I Williams, Marion P Olmsted, Jennifer L Scheid, Emily S Riddle, Mary Jane De Souza
Increasing caloric intake is a promising treatment for exercise-associated amenorrhea, but strategies have not been fully explored. The purpose of this case report was to compare and contrast the responses of two exercising women with amenorrhea of varying duration to an intervention of increased energy intake. Two exercising women with amenorrhea of short (3 months) and long (11 months) duration were chosen to demonstrate the impact of increased caloric intake on recovery of menstrual function and bone health...
2013: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
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