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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812602/prenatal-development-supports-a-single-origin-of-laryngeal-echolocation-in-bats
#1
Zhe Wang, Tengteng Zhu, Huiling Xue, Na Fang, Junpeng Zhang, Libiao Zhang, Jian Pang, Emma C Teeling, Shuyi Zhang
Bat laryngeal echolocation is considered as one of the most complex and diverse modes of auditory sensory perception in animals and its evolutionary history has been the cause of many scientific controversies in the past two decades. To date, the majority of scientific evidence supports that bats (Chiroptera) are divided into two subordinal groups: Yinpterochiroptera, containing the laryngeal echolocating superfamily Rhinolophidae as sister taxa to the non-laryngeal echolocating family Pteropodidae; and Yangochiroptera, containing all other laryngeal echolocating lineages...
January 9, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810434/unhealthy-weight-control-strategies-an-outcome-of-body-image-and-eating-tensions-in-women-of-mexican-origin-living-in-rural-farming-communities
#2
Karen F Stein, Nicole Trabold, Kay Connelly
Unhealthy eating and weight control behaviors are important but modifiable factors that contribute to obesity in majority and minority populations. Studies suggest that these behaviors are common in Mexican American women, but most studies completed to date have focused on college enrolled Mexican American women. Little is known about body weight concerns, eating and weight control behaviors in low acculturated immigrant Mexican women. This qualitative descriptive study utilized two focus groups with 15 women to identify and describe body weight and shape perceptions, and thoughts and behaviors related to eating and weight control of low acculturated Mexican American living in disadvantaged economic situations...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810372/support-and-conflict-in-relationships-and-psychological-health-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer
#3
Joseph S Kay, Vanessa Juth, Roxane Cohen Silver, Leonard S Sender
Perceived support and conflict between adolescents and young adults with cancer and their primary caregivers, other family, close friends, and medical staff were examined in relation to adolescents and young adults' psychological health. Adolescents and young adults ( n = 115, 51% male, ages 12-24 years, M (standard deviation)  = 16.07 (2.29)) in outpatient cancer treatment perceived more support and conflict within familial relationships than other relationships. Among familial relationships, perceived support and conflict were associated with psychological health; within other relationships, only support was associated with psychological health...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807699/communication-challenges-of-oncologists-and-intensivists-caring-for-pediatric-oncology-patients-a-qualitative-study
#4
Folasade Odeniyi, Pamela G Nathanson, Theodore E Schall, Jennifer K Walter
CONTEXT: The families of oncology patients requiring intensive care often face increasing complexity in communication with their providers, particularly when patients are cared for by providers from different disciplines. OBJECTIVE: To describe experiences and challenges faced by pediatric oncologists and intensivists and how the oncologist-intensivist relationship impacts communication and initiation of goals of care discussions (GCDs). METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with a convenience sample of ten physicians, including pediatric oncology and intensive care attendings and fellows...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805490/low-employment-and-low-willingness-of-being-reemployed-in-chinese-working-age-maintained-hemodialysis-patients
#5
Bihong Huang, Bihong Lai, Ling Xu, Ying Wang, Yanpei Cao, Ping Yan, Jing Chen
AIM: Returning to society plays an important role in improving the quality of life in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients, and retention of employment is one of the core enablers. The study is to assess the employment status and to determine the variables for unemployment in Chinese MHD patients. METHODS: Prevalent MHD patients from four dialysis centers in Shanghai China were enrolled. We assessed patients' employment status, current social functioning, hemodialysis modality, annual income and general health condition...
November 2017: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805416/identifying-barriers-to-culture-change-a-qualitative-analysis-of-the-obstacles-to-delivering-resident-centered-care
#6
Ryann L Engle, Denise A Tyler, Katelyn E Gormley, Melissa K Afable, Kimberly Curyto, Omonyêlé L Adjognon, Victoria A Parker, Jennifer L Sullivan
A growing number of healthcare organizations have moved from traditional, institutional nursing home models to ones that emphasize culture change, or resident-centered care (RCC). In 2006, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) began implementing a number of changes to VA nursing homes, now called Community Living Centers (CLCs), to provide veterans with a more resident-centered and homelike environment. This study aimed to understand the barriers CLC staff face when delivering RCC. Ten CLCs were included on the basis of their performance levels on RCC and quality of care...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805409/adolescents-responses-to-marital-conflict-the-role-of-cooperative-marital-conflict
#7
Nan Zhou, Cheryl Buehler
Not all youth exposed to hostile marital interactions develop negative responses to marital conflict. Cooperative marital conflict has long been considered as an important way of managing conflict and may serve as an important context in which hostility might convey during marital interactions. In light of little prior attention placed on the positive side of conflict processes, the main and moderating effects of cooperative marital conflict on youth responses to marital conflict were examined in a sample of 416 2-parent families using a multimethod, 2-year prospective design...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803432/quality-of-life-in-home-ventilated-children-and-their-families
#8
Rafael González, Amaya Bustinza, Sarah N Fernandez, Miriam García, Silvia Rodriguez, Ma Ángeles García-Teresa, Mirella Gaboli, Silvia García, Olaia Sardón, Diego García, Antonio Salcedo, Antonio Rodríguez, Ma Carmen Luna, Arturo Hernández, Catalina González, Alberto Medina, Estela Pérez, Alicia Callejón, Juan D Toledo, Mercedes Herranz, Jesús López-Herce
HMV (home mechanical ventilation) in children has increased over the last years. The aim of the study was to assess perceived quality of life (QOL) of these children and their families as well as the problems they face in their daily life.We performed a multicentric cross-sectional study using a semi-structured interview about the impact of HMV on families and an evaluation questionnaire about perceived QOL by the patient and their families (pediatric quality of life questionnaire (PedsQL4.0)). We studied 41 subjects (mean age 8...
August 12, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800963/young-adults-internet-addiction-prediction-by-the-interaction-of-parental-marital-conflict-and-respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia
#9
Hui Zhang, Tracy L Spinrad, Nancy Eisenberg, Yun Luo, Zhenhong Wang
The aim of the current study was to address the potential moderating roles of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA; baseline and suppression) and participant sex in the relation between parents' marital conflict and young adults' internet addiction. Participants included 105 (65 men) Chinese young adults who reported on their internet addiction and their parents' marital conflict. Marital conflict interacted with RSA suppression to predict internet addiction. Specifically, high RSA suppression was associated with low internet addiction, regardless of parental marital conflict; however, for participants with low RSA suppression, a positive relation between marital conflict and internet addiction was found...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800840/comparing-low-income-mother-and-fathers-concern-for-young-children-s-weight
#10
Rachel L Vollmer, Amy R Mobley
PURPOSE: The objectives of this study were to compare the relationship of mother and father (1) perceived child weight and child body mass index (BMI) z-score, (2) concern for child's current weight and child BMI z-score, and (3) concern for child's future weight and child BMI z-score. DESIGN AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included low-income mothers (n=30) and fathers (n=30) with a young child (3 to 10years old) from the same household. Each parent completed select items from the Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ) with a trained interviewer...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797266/does-growing-up-with-a-physician-influence-the-ethics-of-medical-students-relationships-with-the-pharmaceutical-industry-the-cases-of-the-us-and-poland
#11
Marta Makowska
BACKGROUND: Medical schools have a major impact on future doctors' ethics and their attitudes towards cooperation with the pharmaceutical industry. From childhood, medical students who are related to a physician are exposed to the characteristics of a medical career and learn its professional ethics not only in school but also in the family setting. The present paper sought to answer the research question: 'How does growing up with a physician influence medical students' perceptions of conflicts of interest in their relationships with industry?' METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire was completed by 451 medical students from four Philadelphia medical schools and 554 medical students from Warsaw Medical University during 2013...
August 10, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795921/health-at-the-borders-bayesian-multilevel-analysis-of-women-s-malnutrition-determinants-in-ethiopia
#12
Tefera Darge Delbiso, Jose Manuel Rodriguez-Llanes, Chiara Altare, Bruno Masquelier, Debarati Guha-Sapir
Background Women's malnutrition, particularly undernutrition, remains an important public health challenge in Ethiopia. Although various studies examined the levels and determinants of women's nutritional status, the influence of living close to an international border on women's nutrition has not been investigated. Yet, Ethiopian borders are regularly affected by conflict and refugee flows, which might ultimately impact health. Objective To investigate the impact of living close to borders in the nutritional status of women in Ethiopia, while considering other important covariates...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795829/patterns-of-interparental-conflict-parenting-and-children-s-emotional-insecurity-a-person-centered-approach
#13
Olena Kopystynska, Katherine W Paschall, Melissa A Barnett, Melissa A Curran
We examined the relations between interparental conflict (destructive and constructive), parenting behaviors (harshness and supportiveness) and children's emotional insecurity in early childhood when children were approximately 36 months of age. The sample consisted of low-income unmarried couples who were expectant/new parents who participated in the national Building Strong Families project. Interparental conflict was assessed through parents' reported perception of the other parent's conflict behavior. Parenting behaviors were measured through observational data, and children's emotional insecurity was based on parents' reports...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791871/toward-an-architecture-of-attachment-disorganization-john-bowlby-s-published-and-unpublished-reflections
#14
Judith Solomon, Robbie Duschinsky, Lianne Bakkum, Carlo Schuengel
This article examines the construct of disorganized attachment originally proposed by Main and Solomon, developing some new conjectures based on inspiration from a largely unknown source: John Bowlby's unpublished texts, housed at the Wellcome Trust Library Archive in London (with permission from the Bowlby family). We explore Bowlby's discussions of disorganized attachment, which he understood from the perspective of ethological theories of conflict behavior. Bowlby's reflections regarding differences among the behaviors used to code disorganized attachment will be used to explore distinctions that may underlie the structure of the current coding system...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791675/work-addiction-and-presenteeism-the-buffering-role-of-managerial-support
#15
Greta Mazzetti, Michela Vignoli, Wilmar B Schaufeli, Dina Guglielmi
The current study examined the mediating effect of presenteeism and moderating effect of managerial support in the relation between workaholism and work-family conflict. A sample of 1065 white-collar employees from an Italian company filled in an online survey and hypotheses were tested using a bootstrapping procedure. Results showed that presenteeism mediated the association between workaholism and work-family conflict. Moreover, the mediating effect of presenteeism was moderated by managerial support: for employees reporting lower levels of support workaholism was stronger related to presenteeism than for those experiencing higher support...
August 8, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791542/etiology-of-teen-dating-violence-among-adolescent-children-of-alcoholics
#16
Jennifer A Livingston, Rina D Eiden, Jared Lessard, Meghan Casey, James Henrie, Kenneth E Leonard
Family processes in early life have been implicated in adolescent involvement in teen dating violence, yet the developmental pathways through which this occurs are not well understood. In this study, etiological pathways from parental psychopathology and marital conflict in infancy to involvement in dating violence in late adolescence were examined in a sample of children at high-risk due to parental alcohol problems. Families (N = 227) recruited when the child was 12 months of age were assessed at 12-, 24-, 36-months, kindergarten, 6th, 8th, and 12th grades...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782346/-konkoor-giant-a-narrative-of-high-school-female-students-from-gorgan-iran
#17
Sahar Arab, Tayebe Ziaei, Nasser Behnampour, Elham Khoori
Background The university entrance exam or Konkoor is a determining event for the Iranian adolescents and their families. It is considered as the most important opportunity for adolescents for creating their ideal futures. Hence, regarding the importance of this exam and its accompanying pressures during the critical and stressful adolescence period, this study describes adolescents' perspective about what make them worried about the university entrance exam. Methods This study is based on responses of 500 high school female students to an open-ended question completed in their class...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776833/perspectives-on-filial-responsibility-among-uprooted-families-from-south-lebanon
#18
Therese Dabbagh, Dorit Roer-Strier, Jenny Kurman
This study focuses on filial responsibilities among uprooted families. Views of 20 mothers and 20 adolescents and young adults from southern Lebanon residing in Israel were compared to identify the roles that adolescent children assume and the perceived effects of these roles. Eight domains of filial responsibilities were agreed upon: language broker, cultural broker, financial supporter and breadwinner, surrogate parent and sibling caretaker, emotional supporter of parents, mediator of family conflicts, heritage transmitter, and role model...
September 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775183/examining-the-mediating-effect-of-work-to-family-conflict-on-the-associations-between-job-stressors-and-employee-psychological-distress-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Takashi Oshio, Akiomi Inoue, Akizumi Tsutsumi
OBJECTIVES: The mediating effect of work-to-family conflict (WFC) on the associations between eight types of job stressors (measured based on the job demands-control, effort-reward imbalance and organisational justice models) and psychological distress in employees was examined. DESIGN: This study employed a prospective design. SETTING: An occupational cohort study in Japan (Japanese Study of Health, Occupation, and Psychosocial Factors Related Equity; J-HOPE)...
August 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770090/relational-containment-exploring-the-effect-of-family-based-treatment-for-anorexia-on-familial-relationships
#20
Andrew Wallis, Paul Rhodes, Lisa Dawson, Jane Miskovic-Wheatley, Sloane Madden, Stephen Touyz
BACKGROUND: The aim of this research was to investigate the process of familial relationship change for adolescents with anorexia nervosa and their parents, who participated in Family-Based Treatment (FBT). METHOD: A Constructionist grounded theory design was employed with purposive sampling. Sixteen young people between 12 and 18 years with a good outcome in FBT and twenty-eight of their parents participated. Young people and their parents took part in separate interviews at the end of treatment...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
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