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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774000/does-despotic-leadership-harm-employee-family-life-exploring-the-effects-of-emotional-exhaustion-and-anxiety
#1
Shazia Nauman, Tasneem Fatima, Inam Ul Haq
Research has not focused on the negative effects of despotic leadership on subordinates' life satisfaction and the interface between work and family. Drawing on the Conservation of Resources theory, this research investigates the mediating effect of emotional exhaustion through which despotic leadership transcends from the workplace to subordinates' personal lives, resulting in work-family conflict and decreased life satisfaction. The research also examines the moderating effect of subordinates' anxiety on the relationship of their perceptions of despotic leadership with work-family conflict and life satisfaction...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773215/sleep-disturbance-mediates-the-association-between-intrafamily-conflict-and-mental-health-problems-in-chinese-adolescents
#2
Liying Zhang, Yanyun Yang, Zhen-Zhen Liu, Cun-Xian Jia, Xianchen Liu
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems and sleep disturbance are prevalent in adolescents. Intrafamily conflict has been found to be associated with mental health problems and sleep disturbance in adolescents. This study examined the hypothesis that sleep disturbance mediates the effect of intrafamily conflict on mental health problems. METHOD: Participants were 11,831 adolescent students who participated in the baseline survey of the Shandong Adolescent Behavior and Health Cohort...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772446/does-interparental-conflict-decrease-following-changes-in-observed-parenting-from-a-preventive-intervention-program
#3
Alexandra D W Sullivan, Justin Parent, Rex Forehand, Bruce E Compas
Interparental conflict, which is common among families where a parent has a history of Major Depressive Disorder, is associated with deficits in parenting. Models of family functioning propose that interparental conflict and parenting behaviors are transactional in nature. Given the interdependent nature of family systems, increases in positive parenting practices may lead to subsequent decreases in interparental conflict. The current study was a secondary analysis of data from a preventive intervention to improve parenting, child coping skills, and child behavior in families with a history of parental depression...
May 7, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769808/decision-making-around-gastrostomy-tube-feeding-in-children-with-neurologic-impairment-engaging-effectively-with-families
#4
Sanjay Mahant, Eyal Cohen, Katherine E Nelson, Peter Rosenbaum
Children with neurologic impairment may not be able to feed safely or sufficiently by mouth to maintain an adequate nutritional state. Gastrostomy tube (G-tube) feeding is an important, often essential, intervention in such situations. However, many parents and families struggle with the decision to proceed with G-tube feeding. This practice point reviews common reasons for decisional conflict in parents and explores key aspects of life with G-tube feeding. A framework for shared decision-making and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) approach are highlighted...
May 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765670/family-ties-the-multilevel-effects-of-households-and-kinship-on-the-networks-of-individuals
#5
Jeremy Koster
Among social mammals, humans uniquely organize themselves into communities of households that are centred around enduring, predominantly monogamous unions of men and women. As a consequence of this social organization, individuals maintain social relationships both within and across households, and potentially there is conflict among household members about which social ties to prioritize or de-emphasize. Extending the logic of structural balance theory, I predict that there will be considerable overlap in the social networks of individual household members, resulting in a pattern of group-level reciprocity...
April 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764993/-smad3-gene-rs12901499-polymorphism-increased-the-risk-of-osteoarthritis
#6
Hao-Yu Yang, Wen-Hao Hu, Tao Jiang, Hui Zhao
A growing body of evidence suggested that smad family member 3 gene rs12901499 polymorphism was associated with the risk of osteoarthritis. However, the results of previous studies were conflicting. In the present study, we assessed whether smad family member 3 gene rs12901499 polymorphism was associated with the risk of osteoarthritis by the meta-analysis. We searched in the databases of PubMed, Embase, and CNKI. Pooled odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were calculated. Seven papers involving 11 studies (5344 cases and 9080 controls) analyzed the association between smad family member 3 gene rs12901499 polymorphism and osteoarthritis risk...
May 15, 2018: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761752/addressing-cancer-patient-and-caregiver-role-transitions-during-home-hospice-nursing-care
#7
Janella Hudson, Maija Reblin, Margaret F Clayton, Lee Ellington
OBJECTIVE: Many family caregivers and hospice patients experience role changes resulting from advancing illness and the need for increased caregiver responsibility. Successful navigation of conflicts that arise because of these role transitions has been linked to higher quality of patient care and improved caregiver bereavement adjustment. Nursing communication with patients and their caregivers plays an important role in facilitating these transitions. Our objective is to describe patient-caregiver-nurse communication during transitions at end of life...
May 15, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760768/mechanisms-of-change-for-interventions-aimed-at-improving-the-wellbeing-mental-health-and-resilience-of-children-and-adolescents-affected-by-war-and-armed-conflict-a-systematic-review-of-reviews
#8
REVIEW
Tania Josiane Bosqui, Bassam Marshoud
Despite increasing research and clinical interest in delivering psychosocial interventions for children affected by war, little research has been conducted on the underlying mechanisms of change associated with these interventions. This review aimed to identify these processes in order to inform existing interventions and highlight research gaps. A systematic review of reviews was conducted drawing from academic databases (PubMed, PILOTS, Cochrane Library for Systematic Reviews) and field resources (e.g. Médecins Sans Frontières and the Psychosocial Centre of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies), with extracted data analysed using Thematic Content Analysis...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760253/deprescribing-benzodiazepine-receptor-agonists-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guideline
#9
Kevin Pottie, Wade Thompson, Simon Davies, Jean Grenier, Cheryl A Sadowski, Vivian Welch, Anne Holbrook, Cynthia Boyd, Robert Swenson, Andy Ma, Barbara Farrell
OBJECTIVE: To develop an evidence-based guideline to help clinicians make decisions about when and how to safely taper and stop benzodiazepine receptor agonists (BZRAs); to focus on the highest level of evidence available and seek input from primary care professionals in the guideline development, review, and endorsement processes. METHODS: The overall team comprised 8 clinicians (1 family physician, 2 psychiatrists, 1 clinical psychologist, 1 clinical pharmacologist, 2 clinical pharmacists, and 1 geriatrician) and a methodologist; members disclosed conflicts of interest...
May 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759920/dysphonia-perceived-control-and-psychosocial-distress-a-qualitative-study
#10
Stephanie Misono, Caroline Haut, Liza Meredith, Patricia A Frazier, Ali Stockness, Deirdre D Michael, Lisa Butcher, Eileen M Harwood
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine relationships between psychological factors, particularly perceived control, and voice symptoms in adults seeking treatment for a voice problem. METHODS: Semistructured interviews of adult patients with a clinical diagnosis of muscle tension dysphonia were conducted and transcribed. Follow-up interviews were conducted as needed for further information or clarification. A multidisciplinary team analyzed interview content using inductive techniques...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757941/exploring-how-the-home-environment-influences-eating-and-physical-activity-habits-of-low-income-latino-children-of-predominantly-immigrant-families-a-qualitative-study
#11
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Sherrie F Wallington, Faith D Lees, Mary L Greaney
Latinos are the largest and fastest growing minority population group in the United States, and children in low-income Latino families are at elevated risk of becoming overweight or having obesity. A child’s home is an important social environment in which he/she develops and maintains dietary and physical activity (PA) habits that ultimately impact weight status. Previous research suggests the parents are central to creating a home environment that facilitates or hinders the development of children’s early healthy eating and PA habits...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754427/pain-and-development-of-identity-in-adolescents-who-frequently-use-over-the-counter-analgesics-a-qualitative-study
#12
Siv Skarstein, Per Lagerløv, Lisbeth Gravdal Kvarme, Sølvi Helseth
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to describe conditions that may influence the development of identity in adolescents frequently using over-the-counter analgesics (OTCAs). BACKGROUND: Frequent self-medication with analgesics among adolescents is associated with several physical pain points, low self-esteem and low ambitions for the future. Continuous use of OTCAs can keep adolescents from learning healthier coping strategies. DESIGN: Qualitative individual interviews with adolescents and their mothers were conducted and transcribed...
May 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753434/-suicidal-thoughts-and-suicide-attempts-in-adolescence-among-migrants
#13
Valentina Deriu, Laelia Benoit, Marie Rose Moro, Jonathan Lachal
Migration is an experience with a creative and dynamic potential, but it can also serve to further isolate people. Migrant adolescents and ethnic minorities with a migrant background are particularly vulnerable to suicidal ideation and suicidal behaviour. International studies show a significant prevalence of suicide attempts among migrants and their children. Intergenerational conflicts and the family environment, for example poor communication and lack of parental support, are risk factors for suicidal behaviour in migrant adolescents...
May 2018: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752553/influence-of-early-life-parental-severe-life-events-on-the-risk-of-type-1-diabetes-in-children-the-dipis-study
#14
Markus Lundgren, Katarina Ellström, Helena Elding Larsson
AIMS: Stress and severe life events (SLEs) modify autoimmune disease susceptibility. Here, we aimed to establish if SLEs reported by parents during the first 2 years of life influence the risk of developing type 1 diabetes (T1D) using data from the prospective Diabetes Prediction in Skåne (DiPiS) study. METHODS: Prospective questionnaire data recorded at 2 months (n = 23,187) and 2 years of age (n = 3784) from the DiPiS cohort of children were included in the analysis...
May 12, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749583/il-35-a-new-immunomodulator-in-autoimmune-rheumatic-diseases
#15
REVIEW
Lazaros I Sakkas, Athanasios Mavropoulos, Carlo Perricone, Dimitrios P Bogdanos
IL-35 is a relatively new cytokine that emerges as an important immunomodulator. IL-35 belongs to IL-12 cytokine family that includes IL-12, IL-23, IL-27, and IL-35. These cytokines are heterodimers that share subunits and their receptors also share subunits. Whereas IL-12 and IL-23 are clearly proinflammatory cytokines, the role of IL-35 is less clear. In mice, IL-35 appears to be anti-inflammatory and to protect from autoimmune inflammatory diseases. IL-35 induces the expansion of a subset of regulatory T cells (Tregs) and Bregs and mediates their suppressive function and inhibits Th17 cells...
May 11, 2018: Immunologic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748953/physiological-linkage-and-affective-dynamics-in-dyadic-interactions-between-adolescents-and-their-mothers
#16
Hannah N McKillop, Arin M Connell
This study examined physiological linkage (specifically, linkage in respiratory sinus arrhythmia; RSA) between parents and youth (aged 11-17) across conflict and fun activity discussion tasks. We also examined whether observed, momentary negative affect or parental depressive symptoms, would moderate patterns of RSA linkage across the interaction tasks. RSA linkage was assessed using a multilevel actor-partner interdependence model (APIM). Participants were 59 mother-adolescent dyads, including mothers with or without clinically significant depressive symptoms...
May 10, 2018: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748944/smoking-behaviour-and-patterns-among-university-students-during-the-syrian-crisis
#17
Amr Idris, Tareq Al Saadi, Tarek Turk, Mahmoud Alkhatib, Mohammed Zakaria, Bisher Sawaf, Basel Edris
Background: The ongoing Syrian war has resulted in many changes in the social and economic life of Syrians. To date, no study has documented the relationship between smoking behaviour and the war. Aim: To determine the prevalence of cigarette smoking among university students during the crisis in Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic, and the impact of the war on smoking behaviour. Methods: We conducted an anonymous online cross-sectional survey of 1027 undergraduate students from all years and colleges at Damascus University...
May 3, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747602/first-child-s-impact-on-parental-relationship-an-existential-perspective
#18
Christina Prinds, Ole Mogensen, Niels Christian Hvidt, Mette Bliddal
BACKGROUND: The first child's birth is for most mothers a profound experience carrying the potential to change life orientations and values. However, little is known of how becoming a mother influences the existential dimensions of life within the parental relationship for example how motherhood may change how we view our partner and what we find important. The aim of this study was to explore how becoming a mother might change the parental relationship seen from the mother's perspective with a specific focus on dimensions related to existential meaning-making...
May 10, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746719/quartet-sampling-distinguishes-lack-of-support-from-conflicting-support-in-the-green-plant-tree-of-life
#19
James B Pease, Joseph W Brown, Joseph F Walker, Cody E Hinchliff, Stephen A Smith
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Phylogenetic support has been difficult to evaluate within the green plant tree of life partly due to a lack of specificity between conflicted versus poorly informed branches. As data sets continue to expand in both breadth and depth, new support measures are needed that are more efficient and informative. METHODS: We describe the Quartet Sampling (QS) method, a quartet-based evaluation system that synthesizes several phylogenetic and genomic analytical approaches...
March 2018: American Journal of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746584/specific-serum-and-csf-microrna-profiles-distinguish-sporadic-behavioural-variant-of-frontotemporal-dementia-compared-with-alzheimer-patients-and-cognitively-healthy-controls
#20
Johannes Denk, Felix Oberhauser, Johannes Kornhuber, Jens Wiltfang, Klaus Fassbender, Matthias L Schroeter, Alexander E Volk, Janine Diehl-Schmid, Johannes Prudlo, Adrian Danek, Bernhard Landwehrmeyer, Martin Lauer, Markus Otto, Holger Jahn
Information on circulating miRNAs in frontotemporal lobar degeneration is very limited and conflicting results have complicated an interpretation in Alzheimer's disease thus far. In the present study we I) collected samples from multiple clinical centers across Germany, II) defined 3 homogenous patient groups with high sample sizes (bvFTD n = 48, AD n = 48 and cognitively healthy controls n = 44), III) compared expression levels in both CSF and serum samples and IV) detected a limited set of miRNAs by using a MIQE compliant protocol based on SYBR-green miRCURY assays that have proven reliable to generate reproducible results...
2018: PloS One
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