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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465789/a-real-world-experience-with-augmentation-enterocystoplasty-high-patient-satisfaction-with-high-complication-rates
#1
Shu-Yu Wu, Hann-Chorng Kuo
AIMS: To investigate the real treatment outcomes after augmentation enterocystoplasty (AE) of patients with refractory neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction. METHODS: Retrospective follow-up in a single center. The videourodynamic data, renal function, incontinence grade, voiding pattern and management, clinical outcome, and complications were evaluated. RESULTS: Seventy-nine patients (62 men and 17 women) were included. The mean age at operation was 39...
February 21, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459607/forgotten-encrusted-ureteral-stents-removal-multimodal-endourologic-approach
#2
P K Saha, M S Hossain, K C Ghosh, M S Alam, S Nabi, B K Saha, F H Pathan
Ureteral stent placement is a common procedure in urologic practice. Forgotten, encrusted D/J stents represent a difficult problem for urologists. The major complications are infection, impaired renal function, migration, encrustation, stone formation and multiple fragmentation of stent. A consensus on the best therapeutic approach is still lacking. Here we present our experience with endoscopic management of this challenging problem and discuss the multimodal endourologic approaches for treating forgotten, encrusted ureteral stents...
January 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458917/chinese-herbal-medicine-to-treat-urolithiasis-in-a-patient-with-right-flank-pain-and-hematuria-a-case-report
#3
Hsiang-Chun Lai, Hung-Jen Lin, Sheng-Teng Huang
OBJECTIVE: Urolithiasis is a common medical condition affecting the urinary tract. Typical symptoms reported by patients include colic pain and hematuria. Some patients may undergo surgical intervention or lithotripsy to remove the stones. In this case, we demonstrated that Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) was an effective modality to remove stones in a patient with urolithiasis. CLINICAL FEATURES AND OUTCOME: A 47-year-old man suffered from right flank pain and hematuria for three months and was diagnosed with an upper third ureteral stone obstruction with right hydronephrosis...
February 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385947/on-medical-treatment-for-ureteral-stone-expulsion
#4
Dan Holmlund
There is evidence that α-adrenoceptor (α-AR) antagonists facilitate the passage of ureteric stones, but the mechanism behind this effect has not been established. If one accepts that it is the friction between a ureteral stone and the mucosa that hampers the passage of the stone, and that the passage traumatizes the mucosa, the aim of treatment must be to reduce this friction. Elevated pressure above an obstructing stone results in an increase in tension in the wall of the upper urinary tract, including the tension at stone level, which causes an increase in friction and ureteric colic...
February 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306265/factors-affecting-the-urologist-s-decision-to-administer-ureteral-stone-therapy-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
Mun Ki Min, Ji Ho Ryu, Yong In Kim, Maeng Real Park, Seok Ran Yeom, Sang Kyoon Han, Seong Wook Park
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the factors influencing treatment option selection among urologists for patients with ureteral stones, according to the stone diameter and location. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 360 consecutive patients who, between January 2009 and June 2014, presented to the emergency department with renal colic and were eventually diagnosed with urinary stones via computed tomography. The maximal horizontal and longitudinal diameter and location of the stones were investigated...
December 2017: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300259/sleep-quality-and-daytime-sleepiness-among-women-with-urgency-predominant-urinary-incontinence
#6
William D Winkelman, Ann Warsi, Alison J Huang, Michael Schembri, Rebecca G Rogers, Holly E Richter, Deborah L Myers, Stephen R Kraus, Karen C Johnson, Rachel Hess, Thomas Gregory, Catherine S Bradley, Lily A Arya, Jeanette S Brown, Katie L Stone, Leslee L Subak
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the strength and direction of the association between urinary symptoms and both poor quality sleep and daytime sleepiness among women with urgency urinary incontinence. METHODS: A planned secondary analysis of baseline characteristics of participants in a multicenter, double-blinded, 12-week randomized controlled trial of pharmacologic therapy for urgency-predominant urinary incontinence in ambulatory women self-diagnosed by the 3 Incontinence Questions was performed...
January 3, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224663/obstruction-of-the-biliary-and-urinary-system
#7
William O'Connell, Jay Shah, Jason Mitchell, J David Prologo, Louis Martin, Michael J Miller, Jonathan G Martin
Biliary and urinary obstructions can be managed endoscopically or cystoscopically, surgically or by percutansous intervention or drainage. If the obtructed system is infected, emergent decompression is needed. Early recognition and treatment is paramount in both conditions. Acute cholangitis can present many different ways, from mild symptoms to fulminant sepsis. It is usually a result of ascending bacterial colonization and biliary obstruction resulting in bacterial overgrowth. Therefore, those patients with recent biliary instrumentation or previous biliary modification are at higher risk...
December 2017: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181209/ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction-and-parathyroid-adenoma-coincidence-or-link
#8
Salah Termos, Majd AlKabbani, Tim Ulinski, Sami Sanjad, Henri Kotobi, Francois Chalard, Bilal Aoun
Congenital ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) is the most common cause of upper urinary tract obstruction in children. It is generally diagnosed in the routine work-up during antenatal period and is characterized by spontaneous recovery. It can be associated with urolithiasis; hence further investigation should be carried out. We report the case of a 15-year-old boy, who is known to have right UPJO, presented with right renal colic and discovered to have bilateral kidney stones. Further studies showed primary hyperparathyroidism and genetic analysis revealed a CDC73 mutation (initially HRPT2)...
2017: Case Reports in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117629/medical-and-dietary-interventions-for-preventing-recurrent-urinary-stones-in-children
#9
REVIEW
Adam Kern, Gwen Grimsby, Helen Mayo, Linda A Baker
BACKGROUND: Nephrolithiasis, or urinary stone disease, in children causes significant morbidity, and is increasing in prevalence in the North American population. Therefore, medical and dietary interventions (MDI) for recurrent urinary stones in children are poised to gain increasing importance in the clinical armamentarium. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of medical and dietary interventions (MDI) for the prevention of idiopathic urinary stones in children aged from one to 18 years...
November 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894532/an-ethno-pharmacological-study-of-plants-used-for-traditional-medication-in-tangail-district-bangladesh
#10
A H M Mahmudur Rahman, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei
BACKGROUND: In Bangladesh, folk medicinal practitioners are called "Kaviraj" and are consulted for treatment of various ailments by a large part of the rural and urban population. There are some previous studies conducted in the Tangail district of Bangladesh about medicinal plants, but there is no relevant information about this aspect in some parts of this district. AIM: To conduct an ethno-pharmacological survey among the "Kaviraj" of two upazilas (regions) in Tangail district, namely Tangail Sadar Upazila and Nagarpur Upazila, to identify the trouble-free formulations of medicinal plants for various diseases used by the folk medicine practitioners on or after other forms of medical practices...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892595/urolithiasis-ten-things-every-general-practitioner-should-know
#11
James Sewell, Darren J Katz, Ohad Shoshany, Christopher Love
BACKGROUND: Upper urinary tract stones are a common problem in Australia, with an incidence of 0.13% per year, and a lifetime prevalence of up to 15% in males and 8% in females. Many of these patients first present to general practitioners (GPs), so a thorough understanding of the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of stone disease is an important part of any GP's arsenal. OBJECTIVE: In this article, we present evidence-based guidelines regarding urolithiasis, from diagnosis, through to conservative and operative management, and prevention, as a reference for GPs and other primary care physicians...
September 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802985/clinical-analysis-of-48-h-emergency-department-visit-post-outpatient-extracorporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy-for-urolithiasis
#12
Chin-Heng Lu, Junne-Yih Kuo, Tzu-Ping Lin, Yi-Hsiu Huang, Hsiao-Jen Chung, William J S Huang, Howard H H Wu, Yen-Hwa Chang, Alex T L Lin, Kuang-Kuo Chen
BACKGROUND: Patients suffering from renal or ureteral stones can undergo significant discomfort, even when timely diagnosed and treated. The aim of this study was to assess the risk factors and safety of outpatient Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) in the management of patients with renal or ureteral stones. METHODS: In this study, our cohort consisted of 844 outpatients who underwent outpatient ESWL treated between February 2012 and November 2014 at Taipei Veterans General Hospital...
August 9, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792145/impact-of-pretreatment-hydronephrosis-on-the-success-rate-of-shock-wave-lithotripsy-in-patients-with-ureteral-stone
#13
Ki Don Chang, Joo Yong Lee, Sung Yoon Park, Dong Hyuk Kang, Hyung Ho Lee, Kang Su Cho
PURPOSE: To evaluate predictors of the success rate for one session of shock wave lithotripsy (SWL), focusing on the relationships between pretreatment hydronephrosis grade and one-session SWL success rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of 1824 consecutive patients who underwent an initial session of SWL for treatment of urinary stones between 2005 and 2013 were reviewed. After exclusion, 700 patients with a single, 4-20 mm diameter radiopaque calculus were included in the study...
September 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770662/complications-in-extracorporeal-shockwave-lithotripsy-a-cohort-study
#14
Magnus Wagenius, Jon Jakobsson, Johan Stranne, Adam Linder
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate clinically relevant complications within 14 days after extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) in a modern setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive ESWL treatments between 2009 and 2015 in Ängelholm Hospital, Sweden, were analyzed retrospectively. The primary outcome was complications in patients seeking medical attention within 14 days after ESWL. Multivariable analysis was used to adjust for confounders such as diabetes, stone size and location, and presence of a urinary stent...
August 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720369/metabolic-work-up-of-patients-with-urolithiasis-indications-and-diagnostic-algorithm
#15
REVIEW
Hans-Göran Tiselius, Michel Daudon, Kay Thomas, Christian Seitz
CONTEXT: The incidence of urinary tract stone disease is increasing and the risk of recurrent stone formation is high. Appropriate therapeutic procedures with the aim of counteracting the progress of stone formation are highly desirable. Metabolic work-up is considered essential as a base for optimal design and follow-up of effective recurrence prevention. OBJECTIVE: To scrutinize the current literature with regard to principles of metabolic work-up for this heterogeneous group of patients...
February 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720364/medical-expulsive-therapy-in-urolithiasis-a-review-of-the-quality-of-the-current-evidence
#16
REVIEW
Andreas Skolarikos, Khurshid R Ghani, Christian Seitz, Brandon Van Asseldonk, Matthew F Bultitude
CONTEXT: Medical expulsive therapy (MET) is widely used to promote spontaneous passage of urinary stones. However, there is conflicting evidence on the actual role of MET. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the conformance of published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on MET with the Consolidated Standards for Reporting Trials (CONSORT) criteria, and to clarify the current role of MET in management of urinary stones on the basis of our findings. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We carried out an electronic search of the Cochrane Library, PubMed, and Embase databases for RCTs on MET...
February 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650866/obesity-and-metabolic-stone-disease
#17
Daniel A Wollin, Andreas Skolarikos, Glenn M Preminger
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this article, we aim to review the data regarding associations between obesity and nephrolithiasis to assist with workup and treatment of these intersecting disorders. As obesity has a multifactorial influence on the risk for urinary stone disease, the complicated mechanisms will be discussed to improve diagnosis and management. RECENT FINDINGS: Obesity and metabolic syndrome interact with nephrolithiasis risk factors to produce a myriad of bodily responses that induce stone formation...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561635/-role-of-the-diet-in-urinary-stone-formation-and-prevalence
#18
REVIEW
Attila Szendrői, Ákos Tordé, Judit Vargha, Gergely Bánfi, András Horváth, Csaba Horváth, Péter Nyirády
In Hungary and in the developed countries urinary stones occur more often due to nutritional habits, obesity and sedentary lifestyle beside the endocrine and metabolic causes. In the daily urological and family doctor practice prevention should have an important role. Prevention is based not only on body weight control, physical exercise and medical treatment, but on proper diet as well. The nutritional components can change the consistence of urine, causing supersaturation, which is essential in stone formation...
June 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513524/ureterolithiasis-management-in-an-environment-with-limited-facilities
#19
C A Odoemene, Pcn Okere, M C Ugonabo
BACKGROUND: In the past 2-3 decades, there has been a dramatic development in the techniques of stone removal. This study highlights the management of symptomatic ureteral stones in an environment without such facilities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-nine patients, comprising 53 (76.8%) males and 16 (23.2%) females, diagnosed of symptomatic ureteric calculi within the study period in two tertiary health institutions were included in the study. Thorough history taking and physical examinations were performed...
May 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420322/epidemiology-of-paediatric-renal-stone-disease-a-22-year-single-centre-experience-in-the-uk
#20
Naomi Issler, Stephanie Dufek, Robert Kleta, Detlef Bockenhauer, Naima Smeulders, William Van't Hoff
BACKGROUND: Whilst still rare, the incidence of paediatric stone disease is increasing in developed countries and it is important to evaluate the aetiology. We set up a dedicated renal stone service for children combining medical and surgical expertise in 1993 and now have a large case series of children to investigate the epidemiology. METHODS: A retrospective hospital note review of children presenting with kidney stones during the last 22 years (1993-2015) was conducted...
April 18, 2017: BMC Nephrology
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