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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213742/comparison-of-systemic-inflammatory-and-nutritional-scores-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-who-underwent-potentially-curative-resection
#1
Ryuma Tokunaga, Yasuo Sakamoto, Shigeki Nakagawa, Daisuke Izumi, Keisuke Kosumi, Katsunobu Taki, Takaaki Higashi, Tatsunori Miyata, Yuji Miyamoto, Naoya Yoshida, Hideo Baba
BACKGROUND: Various systemic inflammatory and nutritional scores have been reported to predict postoperative outcomes. This study aimed to investigate the best systemic inflammatory and nutritional scores in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients who underwent potentially curative resection. METHOD: We evaluated 468 consecutive CRC patients in this study. Comparisons of systemic inflammatory and nutritional scores, including the neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), prognostic index (PI), prognostic nutritional index (PNI), and modified Glasgow prognostic score (mGPS), were performed using univariate/multivariate analyses for patient survival...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212553/the-clinical-use-of-the-platelet-lymphocyte-ratio-and-lymphocyte-monocyte-ratio-as-prognostic-predictors-in-colorectal-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#2
Ya-Huan Guo, Hai-Feng Sun, Yan-Bing Zhang, Zi-Jun Liao, Lei Zhao, Jie Cui, Tao Wu, Jian-Rong Lu, Ke-Jun Nan, Shu-Hong Wang
BACKGROUND: Conflicting evidence exists regarding the effects of platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and lymphocyte/monocyte ratio(LMR) on the prognosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. This study aimed to evaluate the roles of the PLR and LMR in predicting the prognosis of CRC patients via meta-analysis. METHODS: Eligible studies were retrieved from the PubMed, Embase,andChina National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases, supplemented by a manual search of references from retrieved articles...
February 14, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210087/prognostic-significance-of-the-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-patients-with-stage-iii-and-iv-colorectal-cancer
#3
Jae Hyun Kim, Jun Yeop Lee, Hae Koo Kim, Jin Wook Lee, Sung Gyu Jung, Kyoungwon Jung, Sung Eun Kim, Won Moon, Moo In Park, Seun Ja Park
AIM: To evaluate the prognostic value of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: Between April 1996 and December 2010, medical records from a total of 1868 patients with CRC were retrospectively reviewed. The values of simple inflammatory markers including NLR and PLR in predicting the long-term outcomes of these patients were evaluated using Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox regression models...
January 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206965/prognostic-role-of-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Yongzhao Zhao, Guangyan Si, Fengshang Zhu, Jialiang Hui, Shangli Cai, Chenshen Huang, Sijin Cheng, Abdel Hamid Fathy, Yi Xiang, Jing Li
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Several studies were conducted to explore the prognostic significance of platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), however, contradictory results across most reports were documented. To this end, we present a systematic review that aims to summarize the prognostic significance of PLR in patients with HCC. RESULTS: A total of 10 studies involving a total of 2,315 patients were identified. The Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale (NOS) of each included study was greater than or equal to 5...
February 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203340/the-relationship-of-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-and-platelet-lymphocyte-ratio-with-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-henoch-schonlein-purpura
#5
Ozlem Bostan Gayret, Meltem Erol, Hikmet Tekin Nacaroglu
OBJECTIVES: Henoch-Schonlein Purpura (HSP) is the most widespread systemic vasculitis during childhood. Gastrointestinal tract retention and gastrointestinal bleeding are among its major complications. Neutrophil-Lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are indicators related to inflammatory diseases. This study evaluated the relationship between NLR or PLR and gastrointestinal bleeding in HSP. METHODS: The study consisted of 119 patients and 40 healthy children in the same age group...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188684/atypical-pupillary-light-reflex-in-2-6-year-old-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#6
Dinalankara M R Dinalankara, Judith H Miles, T Nicole Takahashi, Gang Yao
The purpose of this study was to investigate pupillary light reflex (PLR) in 2-6-years-old children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). A total of 117 medication-free 2-6-year-old boys participated in this study. Sixty participants were diagnosed with ASD (the "ASD group") and the other 57 were in the control group of typical development (the "TD group"). A questionnaire was completed by the parent/guardian for assessing potential dysfunctions in the autonomic nervous system (ANS). The base pupil radius, PLR latency, and constriction time showed a significant age-related trend in both the ASD and TD groups...
February 11, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178164/blood-mean-platelet-volume-and-platelet-lymphocyte-ratio-as-new-predictors-of-hip-osteoarthritis-severity
#7
Özlem Taşoğlu, Ali Şahin, Gülşah Karataş, Engin Koyuncu, İrfan Taşoğlu, Osman Tecimel, Neşe Özgirgin
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a low grade systemic inflammatory disease in which many inflammatory mediators are known to be elevated in the peripheric blood. Blood platelet lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and mean platelet volume (MPV) are accepted as novel markers in many of the systemic inflammatory disorders, but have not been investigated in synovitis-free radiographic OA yet.The aim of this study was to evaluate the levels of blood PLR and MPV in radiographic hip OA. A total of 880 patients were evaluated retrospectively and after certain exclusion criteria, 237 of them who have primary hip OA were included...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177528/correlation-of-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-plr-and-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-nlr-with-timi-frame-count-in-stemi
#8
Hossein Vakili, Mahin Shirazi, Mahsa Charkhkar, Isa Khaheshi, Mehdi Memaryan, Mohammadreza Naderian
BACKGROUND: Impaired coronary artery reflow after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction has been associated with post-intervention adverse effects. Thus finding an easily achievable index would be of great value to predict no-reflow phenomenon. In this regard, Platelet-to -Lymphocyte Ratio (PLR) and Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) have been introduced. In the present study, we aimed to investigate correlation of PLR and NLR with Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) frame count...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171688/diagnostic-value-and-effect-of-bedside-ultrasound-in-acute-appendicitis-in-the-emergency-department
#9
Faruk Gungor, Taylan Kilic, Kamil Can Akyol, Gizem Ayaz, Umut Cengiz Cakir, Mehmet Akcimen, Cenker Eken
OBJECTIVE: Early and accurate diagnosis of acute appendicitis (AA) with ultrasound can minimize the morbidity and mortality of the patients. In this regard, ultrasound can help to the emergency physicians (EPs) in the diagnosing process and clinical decision making for AA. Therefore, we primarily aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of point of care ultrasound (POCUS) in clinical decision making of EPs for the diagnostic evaluation for AA in the emergency department (ED). METHODS: The study sample consisted of patients aged >18 years that presented to the ED with an abdominal pain and underwent diagnostic evaluation for AA...
February 7, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169460/alterations-of-the-hematologic-cells-in-synthetic-cannabinoid-users
#10
Derya Guzel, Ahmet Bulent Yazici, Esra Yazici, Atila Erol
BACKGROUND: Functions, morphology, distributions, and index of the circulating cells are the most useful parameters that indicate various inflammatory and toxic conditions. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical significance of these parameters in patients diagnosed with (synthetic) cannabis use disorder. METHODS: This study included a total of 40 patients in the study group (SG) with synthetic cannabis use; and 40 healthy individuals as the control group (CG)...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168367/clinical-implications-of-nonspecific-pulmonary-nodules-identified-during-the-initial-evaluation-of-patients-with-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#11
Minsu Kwon, Sang Hoon Lee, Yoon Se Lee, Choong Wook Lee, Jong-Lyel Roh, Seung-Ho Choi, Soon Yuhl Nam, Sang Yoon Kim
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify the clinical implications of nonspecific pulmonary nodules (NPNs) detected in the initial staging workup for patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). METHODS: Medical records of patients who had been diagnosed and treated in our hospital were retrospectively analysed. After definite treatment, changes of NPNs detected on initial evaluation were monitored via serial chest computed tomography. The associations between NPNs and the clinicopathological characteristics of primary HNSCC were evaluated...
February 6, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167012/comparison-of-diagnostic-reliability-of-out-of-center-sleep-tests-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-between-adults-and-children
#12
Masaaki Suzuki, Taiji Furukawa, Akira Sugimoto, Ryosuke Kotani, Rika Hosogaya
OBJECTIVES: Sleep studies for diagnosing obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children are laborious, expensive, inconvenient, and often not readily available. Out-of-center sleep test (OCST) devices have been studied for diagnosing OSA in adults, but few OCST studies have been done in children. The purpose of this study was to clarify the diagnostic reliability of OCST devices for children. METHODS: OCSTs using pulse oximetry and in-laboratory polysomnography (PSG) were performed separately in 686 adults and 119 children...
March 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164677/prognostic-value-of-pre-operative-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-patients-with-resected-primary-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#13
Lihong Dong, Kai Bai, Yi Cao, Qiaojia Huang, Lizhi Lv, Yi Jiang
BACKGROUND: The platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) is a readily available cancer biomarker but its prognostic value for patients with resected primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is uncertain. Thus, we investigated the relationship between PLR and survival of patients with resected primary HCC in the Fujian area, a high occurrence area of HCC in China. METHODS: This retrospective study included 337 patients with primary HCC who underwent surgical removal of primary liver cancer between 2004 and 2012 in Fuzhou General Hospital in Fujian, China...
November 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164629/a-controversial-new-approach-to-address-hematological-parameters-in-hashimoto-s-thyroiditis
#14
Dilek Arpaci, Gonul Gurol, Hasan Ergenc, Hayrullah Yazar, Aysel G Tocoglu, Ihsan H Ciftci, Ali Tamer
BACKGROUND: Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) is a common autoimmune disorder. Genetic, environmental, and immunological factors all play a role in the pathogenesis of HT, but the effects of lymphocytes and platelets on the pathophysiology of HT are still unknown. In this study, we evaluated the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and mean platelet volume (MPV) in HT groups and HT subgroups with low cardiovascular risks. METHODS: This study included 92 patients with HT and 38 control subjects...
July 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164624/elevated-preoperative-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-indicates-poor-survival-in-patients-with-resected-high-grade-serous-ovarian-carcinoma
#15
Dan Hu, Youdong Lin, Fangfang Liu, Li Zeng, Xiaojuan Ouyang, Kai Wang, Xiongwei Zheng, Qiaojia Huang
BACKGROUND: Platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) is widely used as an inflammation-related cancer biomarker. However, since its prognostic importance in resected high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSC) is still unknown, we investigated the association between PLR and the prognosis in resected HGSC in this study. METHODS: Details of 103 patients with HGSC who underwent ovarian resection were collected in this retrospective study. Preoperative PLR was calculated based on platelet and lymphocyte count values...
August 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154994/neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-predicts-outcome-in-limited-disease-small-cell-lung-cancer
#16
Lukas Käsmann, Louisa Bolm, Steven E Schild, Stefan Janssen, Dirk Rades
INTRODUCTION: Patients with limited disease small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) receive radiochemotherapy followed by prophylactic cranial irradiation. The prognosis of these patients remains poor with a median survival of 16-24 months. Systemic inflammation was suggested as an important prognostic factor for outcomes. This study investigated the impact of systemic inflammation measured with neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) at first diagnosis in patients with limited disease SCLC for outcomes...
February 2, 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152974/endoscopic-imaging-modalities-for-diagnosing-invasion-depth-of-superficial-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Ryu Ishihara, Noriko Matsuura, Noboru Hanaoka, Sachiko Yamamoto, Tomofumi Akasaka, Yoji Takeuchi, Koji Higashino, Noriya Uedo, Hiroyasu Iishi
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of cancer invasion depth is crucial for selecting the optimal treatment strategy in patients with gastrointestinal cancers. We conducted a meta-analysis to determine the utilities of different endoscopic modalities for diagnosing invasion depth of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive search of MEDLINE, Cochrane Central, and Ichushi databases to identify studies evaluating the use of endoscopic modalities for diagnosing invasion depth of superficial esophageal SCC...
February 2, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151879/relation-between-tumor-fdg-uptake-and-hematologic-prognostic-indicators-in-stage-i-lung-cancer-patients-following-curative-resection
#18
Eugene Jeong, Seung Hyup Hyun, Seung Hwan Moon, Young Seok Cho, Byung-Tae Kim, Kyung-Han Lee
Hematologic parameters of systemic inflammation are receiving attention as promising prognostic indicators in cancer patients. Here, we investigated the relation and compared the prognostic values of circulating blood cell-based parameters and tumor F-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (FDG) uptake in patients with stage I nonsmall cell lung cancers (NSCLC).Subjects were 1034 patients with newly diagnosed stage I NSCLC who underwent FDG positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) followed by curative resection...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149552/micrornas-are-novel-non-invasive-diagnostic-biomarkers-for-pulmonary-embolism-a-meta-analysis
#19
Han-Yu Deng, Gang Li, Jun Luo, Zhi-Qiang Wang, Xiao-Yan Yang, Yi-Dan Lin, Lun-Xu Liu
BACKGROUNDS: The diagnosis of pulmonary embolism (PE) still remains difficult in clinical practice. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been widely investigated as biomarkers for various diseases. However, the diagnostic biomarker value of miRNAs in the diagnosis of PE is unclear. Therefore, we conducted this meta-analysis to establish the diagnostic power of miRNAs for PE diagnosis. METHODS: A systematic literature search in PubMed and Embase was conducted to identify relevant studies dated up to July 22, 2016...
December 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148894/predictive-value-of-hematological-markers-of-systemic-inflammation-for-managing-cervical-cancer
#20
Lin Wang, Jing Jia, Lu Lin, Junying Guo, Xingming Ye, Xiongwei Zheng, Ying Chen
The neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and red cell distribution width (RDW) are markers of systemic inflammation with prognostic significance for cancers. The aim of the study was to investigate the predictive significance of pretreatment values of NLR, PLR, and RDW in cervical cancer. We retrospectively analyzed 515 patients with cancer. Median values of NLR and PLR were higher in patients with cancer compared with controls and were consistently elevated during tumor progression, while the RDW was uninformative...
January 26, 2017: Oncotarget
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