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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099348/prognostic-value-of-inflammation-based-markers-in-patients-with-recurrent-malignant-obstructive-jaundice-treated-by-reimplantation-of-biliary-metal-stents-a-retrospective-observational-study
#1
Hao Jin, Qing Pang, Huichun Liu, Zongkuang Li, Yong Wang, Yimin Lu, Lei Zhou, Hongtao Pan, Wei Huang
We aimed to assess the therapeutic effect of reimplantation of biliary metal stents by percutaneous transhepatic cholangial drainage (PTCD) in patients with recurrent malignant obstructive jaundice (MOJ). Furthermore, we explored the prognostic value of inflammation-based markers in these patients.We reviewed 33 cases of recurrent MOJ after implantation of biliary metal stents by PTCD, all of which underwent reimplantation of stents under digital subtraction angiography guidance. Levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and bilirubin were compared between before and after reimplantation (1 week, 1 month, and 3 months postoperatively)...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089301/time-since-discharge-of-9mm-cartridges-by-headspace-analysis-part-2-ageing-study-and-estimation-of-the-time-since-discharge-using-multivariate-regression
#2
M Gallidabino, F S Romolo, C Weyermann
Estimating the time since discharge of spent cartridges can be a valuable tool in the forensic investigation of firearm-related crimes. To reach this aim, it was previously proposed that the decrease of volatile organic compounds released during discharge is monitored over time using non-destructive headspace extraction techniques. While promising results were obtained for large-calibre cartridges (e.g., shotgun shells), handgun calibres yielded unsatisfying results. In addition to the natural complexity of the specimen itself, these can also be attributed to some selective choices in the methods development...
December 27, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088775/diagnostic-accuracy-of-glycated-hemoglobin-for-post-transplantation-diabetes-mellitus-after-kidney-transplantation-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Ana Laura Pimentel, Gabriela Cavagnolli, Joíza Lins Camargo
BACKGROUND: Early detection of post-transplantation diabetes mellitus (PTDM) allows prompt clinical and pharmacological interventions, reducing the chance of adverse outcomes. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the overall diagnostic accuracy of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) for the diagnosis of renal PTDM. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase and SCOPUS up to June 2016. Studies that included adults without previous diabetes were selected if they reported an oral glucose tolerance test as a reference test, HbA1c levels measured by standardized methods and data necessary for drawing 2 × 2 tables...
January 14, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071752/platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-the-prediction-of-adverse-outcomes-after-acute-coronary-syndrome-a-meta-analysis
#4
Wenzhang Li, Qianqian Liu, Yin Tang
Recent studies have shown platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) to be a potential inflammatory marker in cardiovascular diseases. We performed a meta-analysis to systematically evaluate the prognostic role of PLR in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). A comprehensive literature search up to May 18, 2016 was conducted from PUBMED, EMBASE and Web of science to identify related studies. The risk ratio (RR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was extracted or calculated for effect estimates. Totally ten studies involving 8932 patients diagnosed with ACS were included in our research...
January 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063763/low-pretreatment-lymphocyte-monocyte-ratio-and-high-platelet-lymphocyte-ratio-indicate-poor-cancer-outcome-in-early-tongue-cancer
#5
Hui Shan Ong, Sandhya Gokavarapu, Li Zhen Wang, Zhen Tian, Chen Ping Zhang
PURPOSE: The white blood cell (WBC) indices have been reported to have a prognostic impact in cancer of multiple organs including head and neck cancer; however; site and stage stratification was not attempted, and compelling evidence has shown that early cancers have a different distribution and prognostication than late-stage cancers. We studied the prognostic importance of WBC indices in early oral tongue cancers. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The retrospective data of primary pT1N0 to pT2N0 oral tongue cancers treated between 2009 and 2013 were charted...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063003/effect-of-poly-l-arginine-in-inhibiting-scrapie-prion-protein-of-cultured-cells
#6
Muhammad Waqas, Hye-Mi Lee, Jeeyoung Kim, Glenn Telling, Jin-Ki Kim, Dae-Hwan Kim, Chongsuk Ryou
Biological effect of poly-L-arginine (PLR), the linear homopolymer comprised of L-arginine, was investigated to determine the activity of suppressing prions. PLR decreased the level of scrapie prion protein (PrP(Sc)) in cultured cells permanently infected with prions in a concentration-dependent manner. The PrP(Sc) inhibition efficacy of PLR was greater than that of another prion-suppressant poly-L-lysine (PLK) in a molecular mass-dependent fashion. The effective concentration of PLR to inhibit prions was achieved safely below the cytotoxic concentrations, and overall cytotoxicity of PLR was similar to that of PLK...
January 7, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060754/diagnostic-value-of-fib-4-for-liver-fibrosis-in-patients-with-hepatitis-b-a-meta-analysis-of-diagnostic-test
#7
Zhi Yin, Jin Zou, Qiongxuan Li, Lizhang Chen
This study is aimed at evaluating the diagnostic value of FIB-4 for liver fibrosis in patients with hepatitis B through a meta-analysis of diagnostic test. We conducted a comprehensive search in the Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure before October 31, 2016. Stata 14.0 software was used for calculation and statistical analyses. We used the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratio (PLR, NLR), diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) to evaluate the diagnostic value of FIB-4 for liver fibrosis in patients with hepatitis B...
January 2, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058498/diagnostic-accuracy-of-dual-energy-ct-and-ultrasound-in-gouty-arthritis-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#8
J Chen, M Liao, H Zhang, D Zhu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to compare the overall accuracy of ultrasonography (US), with at least one sign positive (double contour, tophus, aggregates), and dual-energy CT in the diagnosis of gouty arthritis. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, EI, Elsevier, Wiley Online Library and Cochrane library were systematically searched for studies on the diagnostic performance of dual-energy CT (DECT) and ultrasound (US) from 2005 to February 2016. After study selection, data and quality assessment, the sensitivity (SEN), specificity (SPE), diagnostic odds rate (DOR), positive likelihood ratio (PLR), negative likelihood ratio (NLR) and summary receiver operating contraction racteristic (SROC) curves were calculated...
January 5, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056901/expansion-of-the-milan-criteria-without-any-sacrifice-combination-of-the-hangzhou-criteria-with-the-pre-transplant-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio
#9
Weiliang Xia, Qinghong Ke, Hua Guo, Weilin Wang, Min Zhang, Yan Shen, Jian Wu, Xiao Xu, Sheng Yan, Jun Yu, Mangli Zhang, Shusen Zheng
BACKGROUND: The Hangzhou criteria expand the Milan criteria safely and effectively in selecting hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) candidates for liver transplantation (LT), but some patients exceeding the Milan but fulfilling the Hangzhou criteria still show poor outcomes due to early tumor recurrence. In this study, the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) was employed to differentiate high-risk tumor recurrence recipients, and a new method combining PLR and the Hangzhou criteria was established...
January 5, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050895/passive-leg-raise-testing-effectively-reduces-fluid-administration-in-septic-shock-after-correction-of-non-compliance-to-test-results
#10
Arjanne Rameau, Eldert de With, Evert Christiaan Boerma
BACKGROUND: Fluid resuscitation is considered a cornerstone of shock treatment, but recent data have underlined the potential hazards of fluid overload. The passive leg raise (PLR) test has been introduced as one of many strategies to predict 'fluid responsiveness.' The use of PLR testing is applicable to a wide range of clinical situations and has the potential to reduce fluid administration, since PLR testing is based upon (reversible) autotransfusion. Despite these theoretical advantages, data on the net effect on fluid balance as a result of PLR testing remain scarce...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042626/neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-is-effective-prognostic-indicator-for-post-amputation-patients-with-critical-limb-ischemia
#11
Qi Wang, Han Liu, Siqiao Sun, Zhihua Cheng, Yang Zhang, Xiwei Sun, Zhongying Wang, Shuai Wang
To confirm whether neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are indicators for the prognosis of post-amputation patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). Methods: In this retrospective observational study a total 270 post-amputation patients with CLI were included between January 2010 and December 2014 in the First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, China. The neutrophil and lymphocyte counts were recorded before amputations. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio was calculated and NLR ≥8...
January 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039482/preoperative-pulmonary-function-correlates-with-systemic-inflammatory-response-and-prognosis-in-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-results-of-a-single-institution-retrospective-study
#12
Yongyin Gao, Hongdian Zhang, Yue Li, Dandan Wang, Yinlu Ma, Qing Chen
This study aimed at analyzing the relationship between preoperative pulmonary function and systemic inflammatory response (SIR) biomarkers, such as neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Furthermore, the prognostic significance of these markers was also examined. The medical records of 358 NSCLC patients, who underwent curative lung resection, were retrospectively analyzed. Pulmonary function test values <80% of the predicted values were used to indicate impairment...
December 25, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039452/preoperative-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-can-significantly-predict-mortality-outcomes-in-patients-with-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-undergoing-transurethral-resection-of-bladder-tumor
#13
Minyong Kang, Chang Wook Jeong, Cheol Kwak, Hyeon Hoe Kim, Ja Hyeon Ku
The prognostic role of systemic inflammatory response (SIR) markers is unclear in patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). Here, we aimed to investigate the prognostic role of various SIR markers in the oncological outcomes in non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) patients at a single institution in Korea. Neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), derived-NLR (dNLR), and platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) were examined as SIR markers. We retrospectively collected data of 1,698 NMIBC patients who underwent transurethral resection of the bladder (TURB) between 1990 and 2013...
December 26, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036275/lymphocyte-to-monocyte-ratio-is-associated-with-prognosis-of-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-correlation-with-cd163-positive-m2-type-tumor-associated-macrophages-not-pd-1-positive-tumor-infiltrating-lymphocytes
#14
Jingxuan Wang, Kun Gao, Wanting Lei, Lina Dong, Qijia Xuan, Meiyan Feng, Jinlu Wang, Xiangnan Ye, Tuan Jin, Zhongbai Zhang, Qingyuan Zhang
The research aims to examine the prognostic value of the lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR), neutrophil-to- lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). The relation of these hematologic indicators to poor antitumor immunity and prognosis must be investigated. Clinicopathologic data and survival information of 355 patients with DLBCL was retrospectively analyzed. Univariate analysis revealed that lower LMR (<2.71), higher NLR (≥2.81), CD163+ M2 tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) content ≥9...
December 27, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034501/prognostic-significance-of-preoperative-inflammatory-response-biomarkers-in-patients-undergoing-curative-thoracoscopic-esophagectomy-for-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#15
N Hirahara, T Matsubara, D Kawahara, S Nakada, S Ishibashi, Y Tajima
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have revealed significant relationships between the lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and survival in various cancers. The purpose of this study was to confirm whether the LMR, NLR, and PLR have prognostic values, independent of clinicopathological criteria, in patients undergoing curative resection for esophageal cancer. METHODS: The LMR, NLR and PLR were calculated in 147 consecutive patients who underwent curative esophagectomy between January 2006 and December 2014...
December 14, 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032937/prognostic-value-of-pretreatment-peripheral-blood-markers-in-paranasal-sinus-cancer-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-and-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio
#16
Mario Turri-Zanoni, Giovanni Salzano, Alessia Lambertoni, Marta Giovannardi, Apostolos Karligkiotis, Paolo Battaglia, Paolo Castelnuovo
BACKGROUND: Pretreatment hematological markers have emerged as prognostic factors for several cancers. The purpose of this study was to present our investigation of the value of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in predicting recurrence and mortality for patients with primary sinonasal cancers (SNCs). METHODS: We carried out a retrospective review of patients with SNC who had been treated using endoscopic approaches from 2002 to 2014 at a single institute...
December 29, 2016: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032552/a-novel-scoring-system-associating-with-preoperative-platelet-lymphocyte-and-clinicopathologic-features-to-predict-lymph-node-metastasis-in-early-gastric-cancer
#17
Neng Lou, Liang Zhang, Xiao-Dong Chen, Wen-Yang Pang, Chandoo Arvine, Yin-Peng Huang, Cheng-Le Zhuang, Xian Shen
BACKGROUND: Precise determination of the lymph node status is critical for determining appropriate treatment for early gastric cancer (EGC). This study attempted to establish a simple, effective risk scoring system to predict lymph node metastasis (LNM) in EGC by investigating the relationship between platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and EGC LNM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 312 operable patients with EGC...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031289/attenuated-pupillary-light-responses-and-downregulation-of-opsin-expression-parallel-decline-in-circadian-disruption-in-two-different-mouse-models-of-huntington-s-disease
#18
Koliane Ouk, Steven Hughes, Carina A Pothecary, Stuart N Peirson, A Jennifer Morton
Circadian deficits in Huntington's disease (HD) are recapitulated in both fragment (R6/2) and full-length (Q175) mouse models of HD. Circadian rhythms are regulated by the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) in the hypothalamus, which are primarily entrained by light detected by the retina. The SCN receives input from intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs) that express the photopigment melanopsin, but also receive input from rods and cones. In turn, ipRGCs mediate a range of non-image forming responses to light including circadian entrainment and the pupillary light response (PLR)...
December 27, 2016: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030505/ultrasound-assessment-of-volume-responsiveness-in-critically-ill-surgical-patients-two-measurements-are-better-than-one
#19
Sarah B Murthi, Syeda Fatima, Ashely R Menne, Jacob J Glaser, Samuel M Galvagno, Stephen Biederman, Stephen Biederman, Raymond Fang, Hegang Chen, Thomas M Scalea
BACKGROUND: The intended physiologic response to a fluid bolus is an increase in stroke volume (SV). Several ultrasound (US) measures have been shown to be predictive. The best measure(s) in critically ill surgical patients remains unclear. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study in critically ill surgical patients receiving a bolus of crystalloid, colloid or blood. A transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) was performed before (pre-TTE) and after. A positive volume response (+VR) was defined as a ≥15% increase in SV...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029656/low-lymphocyte-to-white-blood-cell-ratio-and-high-monocyte-to-white-blood-cell-ratio-predict-poor-prognosis-in-gastric-cancer
#20
Fan Feng, Li Sun, Gaozan Zheng, Shushang Liu, Zhen Liu, Guanghui Xu, Man Guo, Xiao Lian, Daiming Fan, Hongwei Zhang
Previous results regarding the prognostic value of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in gastric cancer are conflicting, and full analysis of other blood test parameters are lacking. We therefore examined the associations between various blood test parameters and prognosis in 3243 gastric cancer patients randomly divided into training (n=1621) and validation (n=1622) sets. Optimal cut-off values of 0.663 for neutrophil-to-white blood cell ratio (NWR), 0.288 for lymphocyte-to-white blood cell ratio (LWR), 0...
December 24, 2016: Oncotarget
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