keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Heart stroke sepsis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773712/acute-kidney-injury-and-risk-of-heart-failure-and-atherosclerotic-events
#1
Alan S Go, Chi-Yuan Hsu, Jingrong Yang, Thida C Tan, Sijie Zheng, Juan D Ordonez, Kathleen D Liu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: AKI in the hospital is common and is associated with excess mortality. We examined whether AKI is also independently associated with a higher risk of different cardiovascular events in the first year after discharge. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of a cohort between 2006 and 2013 with follow-up through 2014, within Kaiser Permanente Northern California. We identified all adults admitted to 21 hospitals who had one or more in-hospital serum creatinine test result and survived to discharge...
May 17, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742586/long-term-survival-of-young-patients-surviving-icu-admission-with-severe-sepsis
#2
Heba Abu-Kaf, Yuval Mizrakli, Victor Novack, Jacob Dreiher
OBJECTIVES: Sepsis remains a disease with a high mortality rate. The study goal was to assess long-term survival of severe sepsis in young patients. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Patients admitted with sepsis to ICUs in seven tertiary hospitals between 2003 and 2011. PATIENTS: A total of 409 patients less than 45 years who survived to hospital discharge were age and sex matched with 818 patients with infectious disease without sepsis selected from internal medicine or surgical department admissions...
May 7, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580194/post-licensure-safety-surveillance-of-zoster-vaccine-live-zostavax%C3%A2-in-the-united-states-vaccine-adverse-event-reporting-system-vaers-2006-2015
#3
Elaine R Miller, Paige Lewis, Tom T Shimabukuro, John Su, Pedro Moro, Emily Jane Woo, Christopher Jankosky, Maria Cano
BACKGROUND: Herpes zoster (HZ), or shingles, is caused by reactivation of varicella-zoster virus in latently infected individuals. Live-attenuated HZ vaccine (zoster vaccine live, ZVL) is approved in the United States for persons aged ≥50 years and recommended by the CDC for persons ≥60 years. METHODS: We analyzed U.S. reports of adverse events (AEs) following ZVL submitted to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS), a spontaneous reporting system to monitor vaccine safety, for persons vaccinated May 1, 2006, through January 31, 2015...
March 26, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477145/hemodynamic-effects-of-acute-hyperoxia-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Bob Smit, Yvo M Smulders, Johannes C van der Wouden, Heleen M Oudemans-van Straaten, Angelique M E Spoelstra-de Man
BACKGROUND: In clinical practice, oxygen is generally administered to patients with the intention of increasing oxygen delivery. Supplemental oxygen may, however, cause arterial hyperoxia, which is associated with hemodynamic alterations. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature to determine the effect of hyperoxia on central hemodynamics and oxygen delivery in healthy volunteers and cardiovascular-compromised patients. METHODS: PubMed and EMBASE were searched up to March 2017...
February 25, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205995/volume-and-health-outcomes-evidence-from-systematic-reviews-and-from-evaluation-of-italian-hospital-data
#5
Laura Amato, Danilo Fusco, Anna Acampora, Katia Bontempi, Alessandro Cesare Rosa, Paola Colais, Fabio Cruciani, Mariangela D'Ovidio, Francesca Mataloni, Silvia Minozzi, Zuzana Mitrova, Luigi Pinnarelli, Rosella Saulle, Salvatore Soldati, Chiara Sorge, Simona Vecchi, Martina Ventura, Marina Davoli
BACKGROUND Improving quality and effectiveness of healthcare is one of the priorities of health policies. Hospital or physician volume represents a measurable variable with an impact on effectiveness of healthcare. An Italian law calls for the definition of «qualitative, structural, technological, and quantitative standards of hospital care». There is a need for an evaluation of the available scientific evidence in order to identify qualitative, structural, technological, and quantitative standards of hospital care, including the volume of care above or below which the public and private hospitals may be accredited (or not) to provide specific healthcare interventions...
September 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176403/tlr4-and-nlrp3-caspase-1-il-1%C3%AE-axis-are-not-involved-in-colon-ascendens-stent-peritonitis-casp-associated-heart-disease
#6
Maria Micaela Lopez Alarcón, Julieta Fernández Ruocco, Fabiano Ferreira, Heitor A Paula-Neto, Marisa Sepúlveda, Martín Vila Petroff, Adriana Bastos Carvalho, Isalira Peroba Ramos, Hugo Justino Branda, Claudia Neto Paiva, Emiliano Medei
Hemodynamic collapse and myocardial dysfunction are among the major causes of death in severe sepsis. The purpose of this study was to assess the role played by TLR4 and by the NLRP3 inflammasome in the cardiac dysfunction that occurs after high-grade polymicrobial sepsis. We performed the colon ascendens stent peritonitis (CASP) surgery in Tlr4, Nlrp3 and caspase-1 mice. We also assessed for the first time the electrical heart function in the CASP model. The QJ interval was increased in wild-type C57BL/6J mice after CASP when compared to sham controls, a result paralleled by an increase in the cardiac action potential duration (APD)...
November 15, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049073/postoperative-outcomes-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-comparative-studies
#7
REVIEW
Mahesh Nagappa, George Ho, Jayadeep Patra, Jean Wong, Mandeep Singh, Roop Kaw, Davy Cheng, Frances Chung
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common comorbidity in patients undergoing cardiac surgery and may predispose patients to postoperative complications. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to determine the evidence of postoperative complications associated with OSA patients undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: A literature search of Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Medline, Medline In-process, Web of Science, Scopus, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and CINAHL until October 2016 was performed...
December 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804058/intravenous-enoxaparin-anticoagulation-in-percutaneous-left-atrial-cardiac-procedures
#8
Paul Guedeney, Nadjib Hammoudi, Guillaume Duthoit, Yan Yan, Johanne Silvain, Françoise Pousset, Richard Isnard, Alban Redheuil, Mathieu Kerneis, Jean-Philippe Collet, Gilles Montalescot
AIMS: Percutaneous transcatheter device closure of left atrial appendage (LAA), patent foramen ovale (PFO) and atrial septal defect (ASD) are usually performed with unfractionated heparin anticoagulation. We report a first experience using intravenous (IV) enoxaparin without anticoagulation monitoring in transcatheter structural heart interventions performed in the left atrium (LA). METHODS AND RESULTS: This retrospective, non-controlled study included all consecutive and unselected patients who underwent percutaneous LAA, PFO or ASD closure at a tertiary care center using IV enoxaparin anticoagulation...
August 15, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800866/five-year-trends-of-critical-care-practice-and-outcomes
#9
Craig M Lilly, Sunil Swami, Xinggang Liu, Richard R Riker, Omar Badawi
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal analyses of large, detailed adult critical care datasets provide insights into practice trends and generate useful outcome and process benchmarks. METHODS: Data representing 991,571 consecutive critical care visits to 160 US adult ICUs from 2009 to 2013 from the eICU Research Institute clinical practice database were used to quantitate patient characteristics, APACHE IV-based acuity predictions, treatments, and outcomes. Analyses for changes over time were performed for patient characteristics, entry and discharge locations, primary admission diagnosis, treatments, adherence to consensus ICU best practices, length of stay (LOS), and inpatient mortality...
October 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764553/severe-infections-and-subsequent-delayed-cardiovascular-disease
#10
Cecilia Bergh, Katja Fall, Ruzan Udumyan, Hugo Sjöqvist, Ole Fröbert, Scott Montgomery
Background Severe infections in adulthood are associated with subsequent short-term cardiovascular disease. Whether hospital admission for sepsis or pneumonia is associated with persistent increased risk (over a year after infection) is less well established. Design The design of this study was as a register-based cohort study. Methods Some 236,739 men born between 1952-1956 were followed from conscription assessments in adolescence to 2010. All-cause cardiovascular disease ( n = 46,754), including coronary heart disease ( n = 10,279) and stroke ( n = 3438), was identified through national registers 1970-2010 (at ages 18-58 years)...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708664/esmolol-administration-to-control-tachycardia-in-an-ovine-model-of-peritonitis
#11
Koji Hosokawa, Fuhong Su, Fabio Silvio Taccone, Emiel Hendrik Post, Adriano José Pereira, Antoine Herpain, Jacques Creteur, Jean-Louis Vincent
BACKGROUND: Excessive adrenergic signaling may be harmful in sepsis. Using β-blockers to reduce sympathetic overactivity may modulate sepsis-induced cardiovascular, metabolic, immunologic, and coagulation alterations. Using a randomized ovine fecal peritonitis model, we investigated whether administration of a short-acting β-blocker, esmolol, could control tachycardia without deleterious effects on hemodynamics, renal perfusion, cerebral perfusion, cerebral metabolism, or outcome. METHODS: After induction of fecal peritonitis, 14 anesthetized, mechanically ventilated, and hemodynamically monitored adult female sheep were randomly assigned to receive a continuous intravenous infusion of esmolol to control heart rate between 80 and 100 bpm (n = 7) or a saline infusion (control group, n = 7)...
December 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536830/transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-in-patients-on-corticosteroid-therapy
#12
Ryosuke Higuchi, Tetsuya Tobaru, Kenichi Hagiya, Mike Saji, Keitaro Mahara, Itaru Takamisawa, Jun Shimizu, Shuichiro Takanashi, Morimasa Takayama
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is recommended for patients who are inoperable or at high risk for surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). Corticosteroid therapy is considered to be a risk factor for SAVR, but there is a paucity of information about TAVI in patients taking corticosteroids. The aim of this study is to elucidate the outcome of TAVI in patients on chronic corticosteroid therapy, compared with SAVR. We retrospectively analyzed patients on corticosteroid therapy who underwent TAVI (n = 21) or SAVR (n = 30) for severe aortic stenosis in Sakakibara Heart Institute...
October 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505021/use-of-a-short-acting-%C3%AE-1-blocker-during-endotoxemia-may-reduce-cerebral-tissue-oxygenation-if-hemodynamics-are-depressed-by-a-decrease-in-heart-rate
#13
Tadayoshi Kurita, Shingo Kawashima, Koji Morita, Yoshiki Nakajima
BACKGROUND: A decrease in heart rate (HR) using a short-acting β blocker has potential benefits in sepsis; however, depression of hemodynamics and reduction of cerebral oxygenation may also occur in endotoxemia. METHODS: Seventeen swine were allocated to landiolol or control groups. In the landiolol group, the dose was sequentially changed from 0 to 40 to 200 μg kg min, and stopped. Hemodynamics, blood variables, and the cerebral tissue oxygenation index (TOI) were recorded by near infrared spectroscopy at each dose...
June 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427496/mortality-risk-factors-in-intensive-care-unit-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury-requiring-renal-replacement-therapy-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#14
Michael Schmitz, Frank P Tillmann, Ausra Paluckaite, Erich A Laufer, Brian Rayner, Lars C Rump, Peter J Heering
BACKGROUND: Mortality of critically-ill patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT) in an intensive-care setting continues to remain high. There is still uncertainty as to which factors should guide clinical judgement. METHODS: A cohort of 155 patients admitted to an intensive-care unit and necessitating RRT due to AKI were retrospectively analyzed. Demographic and clinical parameters at the time of RRT initiation were retrieved...
July 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410346/improved-survival-in-a-long-term-rat-model-of-sepsis-is-associated-with-reduced-mitochondrial-calcium-uptake-despite-increased-energetic-demand
#15
Bernardo B Pinto, Alex Dyson, Michele Umbrello, Jane E Carré, Cristiane Ritter, Innes Clatworthy, Michael R Duchen, Mervyn Singer
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between prognosis, changes in mitochondrial calcium uptake, and bioenergetic status in the heart during sepsis. DESIGN: In vivo and ex vivo controlled experimental studies. SETTING: University research laboratory. SUBJECTS: Male adult Wistar rats. INTERVENTIONS: Sepsis was induced by intraperitoneal injection of fecal slurry. Sham-operated animals served as controls...
August 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369197/risk-of-acute-coronary-heart-disease-after-sepsis-hospitalization-in-the-reasons-for-geographic-and-racial-differences-in-stroke-regards-cohort
#16
Henry E Wang, Justin X Moore, John P Donnelly, Emily B Levitan, Monika M Safford
Background: Sepsis is associated with long-term health consequences. We sought to determine the long-term risks of acute and fatal coronary heart disease (CHD) events after sepsis hospitalizations among community-dwelling adults. Methods: We analyzed data from 30329 participants in the population-based REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) cohort. Sepsis events included hospitalizations for a serious infection with ≥2 systemic inflammatory response syndrome criteria...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295963/a-multicenter-study-of-the-impella-device-for-mechanical-support-of-the-systemic-circulation-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-patients
#17
V Vivian Dimas, Brian H Morray, Dennis W Kim, Christopher S Almond, Shabana Shahanavaz, Sebastian C Tume, Lynn F Peng, Doff B McElhinney, Henri Justino
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to review the use of Impella devices (Abiomed Inc, Danvers, MA) for temporary circulatory support in pediatric and adolescent patients (age ≤ 21 yrs). BACKGROUND: Options for minimally invasive circulatory support in children are limited, and published data are confined to case reports and small case series. METHODS: This was a retrospective, multicenter review of Impella implants in pediatric and adolescent patients from 2009-15, using standardized data collection and INTERMACS definitions...
July 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291783/oesophageal-heat-exchangers-with-a-diameter-of-11mm-or-14-7mm-are-equally-effective-and-safe-for-targeted-temperature-management
#18
Daniel C Schroeder, Maria Guschlbauer, Alexandra C Maul, Daniel A Cremer, Ingrid Becker, David de la Puente Bethencourt, Peter Paal, Stephan A Padosch, Wolfgang A Wetsch, Thorsten Annecke, Bernd W Böttiger, Anja Sterner-Kock, Holger Herff
BACKGROUND: Targeted temperature management (TTM) is widely used in critical care settings for conditions including hepatic encephalopathy, hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, meningitis, myocardial infarction, paediatric cardiac arrest, spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury, ischemic stroke and sepsis. Furthermore, TTM is a key treatment for patients after out-of-hospital cardiac-arrest (OHCA). However, the optimal cooling method, which is quick, safe and cost-effective still remains controversial...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188252/long-term-risk-of-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-who-have-survived-sepsis-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Chia-Jen Shih, Pei-Wen Chao, Shuo-Ming Ou, Yung-Tai Chen
BACKGROUND: Long-term cardiovascular outcomes after sepsis in patients with chronic kidney disease are not well known. We aimed to examine the risk of subsequent cardiovascular events in patients with chronic kidney disease discharged after hospitalization for sepsis in Taiwan. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using complete claims data for patients with chronic kidney disease from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database, we identified patients with sepsis who survived hospitalization between 2000 and 2010...
February 10, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132006/ultrasound-and-nicom-in-the-assessment-of-fluid-responsiveness-in-patients-with-mild-sepsis-in-the-emergency-department-a-pilot-study
#20
Martha Oord, Tycho J Olgers, Mirjam Doff-Holman, Mark P M Harms, Jack J M Ligtenberg, Jan C Ter Maaten
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether combining the caval index, assessment of the global contractility of the heart and measurement of stroke volume with Noninvasive Cardiac Output Monitoring (NICOM) can aid in fluid management in the emergency department (ED) in patients with sepsis. SETTING: A prospective observational single-centre pilot study in a tertiary care centre. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOMES: Ultrasound was used to assess the caval index, heart contractility and presence of B-lines in the lungs...
January 27, 2017: BMJ Open
keyword
keyword
42069
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"