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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443854/universal-screening-for-intimate-partner-and-sexual-violence-in-trauma-patients-what-about-the-men-an-east-multicenter-trial
#1
Tanya L Zakrison, Rishi Rattan, Davel Milian Valdés, Xiomara Ruiz, Rondi Gelbard, John Cline, David Turay, Xian Luo-Owen, Nicholas Namias, Jessica George, Dante Yeh, Daniel Pust, Brian H Williams
INTRODUCTION: A recent EAST-supported, multicenter trial demonstrated a similar rate of intimate partner and sexual violence (IPSV) between male and female trauma patients, regardless of mechanism. Our objective was to perform a subgroup analysis of our affected male cohort as this remains an understudied group in the trauma literature. METHODS: We conducted a recent EAST-supported, cross-sectional, multicenter trial over one year (03/15-04/16) involving four Level I trauma centers throughout the United States...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442690/physical-properties-of-photo-aged-graphene-polypropylene-nanocomposites
#2
Marianna Triantou, Nadia Todorova, Tatiana Giannakopoulou, Tiverios Vaimakis, Christos Trapalis
In the present research, graphene nanoplatelets/polypropylene (GNP/PP) nanocomposites were prepared by melt mixing and were subjected to accelerated ageing. The effect of graphene on the morphology and physical properties of aged GNP/PP nanocomposites was investigated. The incorporation of graphene to non-aged PP matrix led to changes in its crystal conformation, decreased the ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) transmittance and tensile strain and increased the elastic modulus. The ageing of non-reinforced PP increased the β-phase of PP and caused the formation of cracks on its surface, while voids were observed in its cross-section...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441796/heart-failure-symptoms-profile-associated-with-depressive-symptoms
#3
Lucinda J Graven, Melinda K Higgins, Carolyn M Reilly, Sandra B Dunbar
Heart failure (HF) symptoms are known to influence depressive symptoms, yet a symptom profile has not been identified. HF symptoms relative to symptom experience (frequency, severity, interference with physical activity and enjoyment of life) associated with depressive symptoms were examined. Data from three HF studies ( N = 308) which used the Heart Failure Symptom Survey were included in this cross-sectional secondary analysis. Supervised classification for and identification of symptoms most associated with depressive symptoms were accomplished using random forest algorithms via conditional inference trees...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441183/association-of-lifestyle-risk-factors-with-metabolic-syndrome-components-a-cross-sectional-study-in-eastern-india
#4
Pragya Verma, Ratan K Srivastava, Dharmendra Jain
Background: Approximately 20%-25% of the world adult population and nearly 30% of Indians have metabolic syndrome disorder. Our objective was designed to find out the association between important nutrients and potential lifestyle risk factors such as diet, physical inactivity, and smoking and alcohol consumption with the number of metabolic syndrome components. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. A total of 205 patients of metabolic syndrome were enrolled for this study...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440911/should-frail-older-adults-be-in-long-term-care-facilities
#5
Liv Wergeland Sørbye, Sidsel Sverdrup, Birgit Brunborg Pay
Aim: Home-based nursing care is relatively easy to access in Norway compared to the rest of Europe, and the threshold for applying for assistance is relatively low. The aim of the present study was to analyze factors that enable frail older adults to live in their own homes, with a low level of care burden stress. Methodology: In 2015 and 2016, eight municipalities from different parts of Norway participated in a cross-sectional study. The quantitative part of the project consisted of assessing care of 71 older adults, aged ≥80 years, using a geriatric comprehensive assessment...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440809/benefit-or-harm-a-study-on-impact-of-collusion-on-the-quality-of-life-among-palliative-care-patients
#6
Anju Victor, Carolin Elizabeth George, Leeberk Raja Inbaraj, Gift Norman
Background: In India, roughly one-half of patients undergoing cancer treatment are unaware of their diagnosis or treatment. The intention of this study is to determine the prevalence of collusion and its influence on quality of life (QOL) among patients in palliative care settings. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 100 palliative care patients to assess the extent of knowledge about their diagnosis and prognosis. The caretakers and the treating doctors were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire to assess if diagnosis was revealed to a patient...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440211/portuguese-version-of-a-stress-and-well-being-evaluation-tool-asset-at-the-workplace-validation-of-the-psychometric-properties
#7
Maria João Heitor Dos Santos, Sérgio Moreira, Joana Carreiras, Cary Cooper, Matthew Smeed, Maria de Fátima Reis, José Pereira Miguel
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this work was to translate the English version of ASSET (A Shortened Stress Evaluation Tool) into the Portuguese version and to validate its psychometric properties. Additionally, this work tested the convergent validity of the instrument. METHODS: The translation and retroversion were conducted by experts and submitted to the authors for approval. Within an observational, cross-sectional study, regarding mental health at the workplace, ASSET together with other scales was applied to a sample of 405 participants...
February 12, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440160/interventions-to-increase-access-to-or-uptake-of-physical-health-screening-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness-a-realist-review
#8
Frédérique Lamontagne-Godwin, Caroline Burgess, Sarah Clement, Melanie Gasston-Hales, Carolynn Greene, Anne Manyande, Deborah Taylor, Paul Walters, Elizabeth Barley
OBJECTIVES: To identify and evaluate interventions aimed at increasing uptake of, or access to, physical health screening by adults with severe mental illness; to examine why interventions might work. DESIGN: Realist review. SETTING: Primary, secondary and tertiary care. RESULTS: A systematic search identified 1448 studies, of which 22 met the inclusion criteria. Studies were from Australia (n=3), Canada (n=1), Hong Kong (n=1), UK (n=11) and USA (n=6)...
February 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439681/associations-between-perceived-stress-socioeconomic-status-and-health-risk-behaviour-in-deprived-neighbourhoods-in-denmark-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Maria Holst Algren, Ola Ekholm, Line Nielsen, Annette Kjær Ersbøll, Carsten Kronborg Bak, Pernille Tanggaard Andersen
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found that residents of deprived neighbourhoods have an increased risk of perceived stress compared to residents with similar sociodemographic and socioeconomic characteristics in non-deprived neighbourhoods. While stress may provide an explanatory pathway linking neighbourhood deprivation to health-risk behaviour, only limited research has been undertaken on whether perceived stress influences health-risk behaviour in deprived neighbourhoods. Moreover, it is uncertain whether perceived stress has a negative effect on the associations between socioeconomic status and health-risk behaviours in deprived neighbourhoods...
February 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439488/a-physical-health-profile-of-youths-living-with-a-hikikomori-lifestyle
#10
John W M Yuen, Yoyo K Y Yan, Victor C W Wong, Wilson W S Tam, Ka-Wing So, Wai-Tong Chien
A cross-sectional study was designed to understand the impacts of "hikikomori" lifestyle on physical health. A total of 104 eligible hikikomori cases were recruited from the social services network of Hong Kong with a mean age of 19.02 ± 3.62 (ranged 13-31) year-old, and had completed the set of questionnaires and a series of anthropometric and physical health measurements. Despite SF36 score of 84.0 indicated good physical functioning in general, participants were lived sedentarily with high incidence of hypertension at 15...
February 11, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439431/experimental-investigation-of-multi-mode-fiber-laser-cutting-of-cement-mortar
#11
Dongkyoung Lee, Sukhoon Pyo
This study successfully applied multi-mode laser cutting with the variation of the laser cutting speed to cement mortar for the first time. The effects of the amount of silica sand in the cement mortar on laser cutting are tested and analyzed. The kerf width and penetration depth of the specimens after laser cutting are investigated. As the laser cutting speed increases, the penetration depth decreases for both cement paste and cement mortar, whereas the kerf width becomes saturated and increases, respectively, for cement paste and cement mortar...
February 10, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439373/factors-associated-with-high-physical-exertion-during-manual-lifting-cross-sectional-study-among-200-blue-collar-workers
#12
Lars L Andersen, Emil Sundstrup, Mikkel Brandt, Efat Lali Dastjerdi, Roger Persson, Markus D Jakobsen
BACKGROUND: High physical exertion during work is a risk factor for back pain and long-term sickness absence. OBJECTIVE: To investigate which factors are associated with physical exertion during manual lifting. METHODS: From 14 workplaces across Denmark, 200 blue-collar workers reported perceived physical exertion (Borg-CR10) during manual lifting from floor to table height of 5, 10, 20 and 30 kg at the beginning and end of the working day...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439309/the-relationships-between-shoulder-pain-range-of-motion-and-disability-in-patients-with-shoulder-dysfunction
#13
Shahnawaz Anwer, Ahmad H Alghadir, Einas S Al-Eisa, Zaheen Ahmad Iqbal
BACKGROUND: Shoulder dysfunction is a major cause of musculoskeletal pain in general population. A variety of shoulder disorders can cause a reduction in shoulder range of motion and subsequent disability. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the shoulder pain, range of motion, and disability in patients with shoulder dysfunction. METHODS: Sixty-four patients (49 men and 15 women) with shoulder disorders with a varying diagnosis including, adhesive capsulitis, rotator cuff injury, impingement syndrome, acromio-clavicular pain, and instability, participated in this cross-sectional study...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438835/structural-mri-correlates-of-cognitive-function-in-multiple-sclerosis
#14
Artemios Artemiadis, Maria Anagnostouli, Ioannis Zalonis, Konstantinos Chairopoulos, Nikos Triantafyllou
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment (CI) has been associated with numerous magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) indices in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. In this study we investigated the association of a large set of 2D and 3D MRI markers with cognitive function in MS. METHODS: A sample of 61 RRMS patients (mean age 41.8 ± 10.6 years old, 44 women, mean disease duration 137.9 ± 83.9 months) along with 51 age and gender matched healthy controls was used in this cross-sectional study...
February 6, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438686/evaluation-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-using-magnetic-resonance-in-obese-children-and-adolescents
#15
Patrícia O Benetolo, Maria I M Fernandes, Ieda R L Del Ciampo, Jorge Elias-Junior, Regina Sawamura
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease using nuclear magnetic resonance as a noninvasive method. METHODOLOGY: This was a cross-sectional study conducted on 50 children and adolescents followed up at an outpatient obesity clinic. The subjects were submitted to physical examination, laboratory tests (transaminases, liver function tests, lipid profile, glycemia, and basal insulin) and abdominal nuclear magnetic resonance (calculation of hepatic, visceral, and subcutaneous fat)...
February 10, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438136/risk-factors-for-low-bone-mineral-density-in-pediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease-the-positive-role-of-physical-activity
#16
Stefano Nobile, Richard J Grand, Helen M Pappa
OBJECTIVE: In pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), the prevalence of low bone mineral density (BMD) and bone fractures and the relationship between these are still debated. Our aim was to report data from a cohort of pediatric patients with IBD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional assessment of growth and BMD [(dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA)] and retrospective chart review were performed to report the lifetime prevalence of bone fractures and clinical associations with patients' data...
February 12, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437065/the-presence-of-waddell-signs-depends-on-age-and-gender-not-diagnosis
#17
J U Yoo, T C McIver, J Hiratzka, H Carlson, N Carlson, S S Radoslovich, T Gernhart, E Boshears, M S Kane
AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine if positive Waddell signs were related to patients' demographics or to perception of their quality of life. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study included 479 adult patients with back pain from a university spine centre. Each completed SF-12 and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) questionnaires and underwent standard spinal examinations to elicit Waddell signs. The relationship between Waddell signs and age, gender, ODI, Mental Component Score (MCS), and Physical Component Score (PCS) scores was determined...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436253/promoting-activity-independence-and-stability-in-early-dementia-and-mild-cognitive-impairment-praised-development-of-an-intervention-for-people-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia
#18
Vicky Booth, Rowan H Harwood, Victoria Hood-Moore, Trevor Bramley, Jennie E Hancox, Kate Robertson, Judith Hall, Veronika Van Der Wardt, Pip A Logan
This series of articles for rehabilitation in practice aims to cover a knowledge element of the rehabilitation medicine curriculum. Nevertheless, they are intended to be of interest to a multidisciplinary audience. The competency addressed in this article is an understanding of how to develop an intervention for people with mild cognitive impairment and dementia to promote their independence, stability, and physical activity. INTRODUCTION: Older adults with dementia are at a high risk of falls...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435947/characteristics-of-physical-aggression-in-children-of-immigrant-mothers-and-non-immigrant-mothers-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-survey-of-young-canadians
#19
Theresa H M Kim, Sukhleen Deol, Monica Lee, Hala Tamim
Physical aggression (PA) is important to regulate as early as the preschool years in order to ensure healthy development of children. This study aims to determine the prevalence and characteristics of PA in children of immigrant and non-immigrant mothers. Secondary data analysis was conducted using the nationwide 2010 Survey for Young Canadians, limited to children 4-9 years of age. Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression was performed, with the outcome, PA, and covariates including maternal, child, household and neighbourhood characteristics...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433800/inequalities-in-the-risk-of-disability-due-to-traffic-injuries-in-the-spanish-adult-population-2009-2010
#20
Rocío Palmera-Suárez, Teresa López-Cuadrado, Rafael Fernández-Cuenca, Enrique Alcalde-Cabero, Iñaki Galán
BACKGROUND: Although traffic injuries (TIs) are an important cause of disability the related factors are little known. We aimed to estimate the differences in risk of TI-related disability according to individual characteristics that might generate health inequalities. METHODS: Cross-sectional study using a representative Spanish population sample drawn from the European Health Interview Survey 2009/2010. We calculated traffic crashes in the preceding year which resulted in injuries...
February 7, 2018: Injury
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