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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545242/public-open-spaces-and-leisure-time-walking-in-brazilian-adults
#1
Alex Antonio Florindo, Ligia Vizeu Barrozo, William Cabral-Miranda, Eduardo Quieroti Rodrigues, Gavin Turrell, Moisés Goldbaum, Chester Luiz Galvão Cesar, Billie Giles-Corti
Access to public open space is important to increase leisure-time walking (LTW) in high-income countries, but there is little evidence in middle-income countries. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis to examine the relationship between LTW and the presence of different public open spaces (parks, bike paths, and squares) and the mix of these recreational destinations near the homes of adults participating in the Sao Paulo Health Survey (n = 3145). LTW was evaluated by a questionnaire. We delineated buffers (500, 1000, and 1500 m) from the geographic coordinates of the adults' residential addresses using a geographic information system...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545063/financial-distress-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#2
Cécile Barbaret, Christelle Brosse, Wadih Rhondali, Murielle Ruer, Léa Monsarrat, Patrick Michaud, Anne Marie Schott, Marvin Delgado-Guay, Eduardo Bruera, Stéphane Sanchez, Marilène Filbet
PURPOSE: We examined the frequency and severity of financial distress (FD) and its association with quality of life (QOL) and symptoms among patients with advanced cancer in France. DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, 143 patients with advanced cancer were enrolled. QOL was assessed using the Functional Assessment of Cancer General (FACT-G) and symptoms assessed using Edmonton Assessment System (ESAS) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). FD was assessed using a self-rated numeric scale from 0 to 10...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544795/joint-association-of-birth-weight-and-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-with-obesity-in-children-ages-9-11-years-from-12-countries
#3
Yijuan Qiao, Tao Zhang, Hongyan Liu, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Mikael Fogelholm, William D Johnson, Rebecca Kuriyan, Anura Kurpad, Estelle V Lambert, Carol Maher, José A R Maia, Victor Matsudo, Timothy Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Mark S Tremblay, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Pei Zhao, Gang Hu
OBJECTIVE: To examine the joint association of birth weight and physical activity/sedentary time with childhood obesity in 12 countries. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 5,088 children aged 9 to 11 years was conducted. Birth weight was recalled by parents or guardians. Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior were objectively measured using accelerometry. RESULTS: The association of birth weight with the odds of obesity, central obesity, and high body fat was significant among children with either low MVPA or high sedentary time but not among children with either high MVPA or low sedentary time...
June 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544465/correlates-of-nocturia-and-relationships-of-nocturia-with-sleep-quality-and-glycemic-control-in-women-with-type-2-diabetes
#4
Chun-Jen Chang, Dee Pei, Chien-Chih Wu, Mary H Palmer, Ching-Chieh Su, Shu-Fen Kuo, Yuan-Mei Liao
PURPOSES: To explore correlates of nocturia, compare sleep quality and glycemic control for women with and without nocturia, and examine relationships of nocturia with sleep quality and glycemic control in women with diabetes. DESIGN: This study was a cross-sectional, correlational study with data collected from 275 women with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Data were collected using a structured questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to identify correlates...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543732/joint-hypermobility-is-also-associated-with-anxiety-disorders-in-the-elderly-population
#5
Andrea Bulbena-Cabré, Conxita Rojo, Guillem Pailhez, Emma Buron Maso, Luis Miguel Martín-Lopez, Antonio Bulbena
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders (AD) are very prevalent in the elderly, tend to compromise quality of life, and generate substantial costs. Considering that the prevention and early detection of anxiety may be relevant to increase health gains in older adults, it would be of great interest to identify whether the joint hypermobility syndrome (JHS) is also related to anxiety disorders in this age range. METHODS: Cross-sectional data was collected in a sample of 108 subjects in a rural town in Spain...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543428/health-workforce-characteristics-quality-of-life-and-intention-to-leave-the-fit-for-the-future-survey-of-australian-nurses-and-midwives
#6
Lin Perry, Xiaoyue Xu, Christine Duffield, Robyn Gallagher, Rachel Nicholls, David Sibbritt
AIM: To examine the quality of life of nurses and midwives in New South Wales, Australia and compare values with those of the Australian general population; to determine the influence of workforce, health and work life characteristics on quality of life and its effect on workforce intention to leave. BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined nurses' and midwives' quality of life and little is known of its effects on workforce longevity. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2014-2015...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543400/risk-factors-associated-with-sensitive-skin-and-potential-role-of-lifestyle-habits-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
D Falcone, R J H Richters, N E Uzunbajakava, P E J van Erp, P C M van de Kerkhof
Sensitive skin (SS) is a widespread condition, but still not completely understood. To identify risk factors that increase the likelihood of SS, 258 women aged between 20 and 65 years old and resident in the Netherlands were surveyed by questionnaire, which included questions on sociodemographic characteristics (age group, Fitzpatrick skin type, hormonal status), health state (atopic predisposition, skin diseases) and lifestyle habits (history of smoking and of sun exposure, frequency of physical exercise)...
May 22, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542529/associations-between-quality-of-life-physical-activity-worry-depression-and-insomnia-a-cross-sectional-designed-study-in-healthy-pregnant-women
#8
Danielle Mourady, Sami Richa, Rita Karam, Tatiana Papazian, Fabienne Hajj Moussa, Nada El Osta, Assaad Kesrouani, Joseph Azouri, Hicham Jabbour, Aline Hajj, Lydia Rabbaa Khabbaz
Health-related quality of life (QOL) is reported to be reduced during pregnancy. Associations between QOL, physical activity (PA), insomnia, depression and worry are insufficiently investigated among pregnant women. The aim of this study was to evaluate QOL and PA patterns among healthy pregnant women, and to examine how QOL might correlate to PA, sleep, worry and depression. This is an observational cross-sectional study, conducted among a convenient sample of 141 healthy pregnant women using five questionnaires: WHOQOL-brief (WHO quality of life questionnaire, brief version, ISI (Insomnia Severity Index), PSWQ (Penn State Worry Questionnaire), ZSRDS (Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale), and Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire (PPAQ)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542024/omega-6-omega-3-pufa-ratio-pain-functioning-and-distress-in-adults-with-knee-pain
#9
Kimberly T Sibille, Christopher King, Timothy J Garrett, Toni L Glover, Hang Zhang, Huaihou Chen, Divya Reddy, Burel R Goodin, Adriana Sotolongo, Megan E Petrov, Yenisel Cruz-Almeida, Matthew Herbert, Emily J Bartley, Jeffrey C Edberg, Roland Staud, David T Redden, Laurence A Bradley, Roger B Fillingim
OBJECTIVES: Osteoarthritis (OA) is associated with inflammation, chronic pain, functional limitations, and psychosocial distress. High Omega-3 (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are associated with lower levels of inflammatory mediators, anti-nociception, and adaptive cognitive/emotional functioning. High Omega-6 (n-6) PUFAs are associated with inflammation, nociception, and psychological distress. While findings related to n-3 supplementation in knee OA are mixed, consideration of the n-6:n-3 ratio and additional outcome measures may provide improved understanding of the potential relevance of these fatty acids in OA...
May 24, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541647/childhood-maltreatment-and-lifetime-suicidal-behaviors-among-new-soldiers-in-the-us-army-results-from-the-army-study-to-assess-risk-and-resilience-in-servicemembers-army-starrs
#10
Murray B Stein, Laura Campbell-Sills, Robert J Ursano, Anthony J Rosellini, Lisa J Colpe, Feng He, Steven G Heeringa, Matthew K Nock, Nancy A Sampson, Michael Schoenbaum, Xiaoying Sun, Sonia Jain, Ronald C Kessler
OBJECTIVE: Understanding suicide risk is a priority for the US military. We aimed to estimate associations of childhood maltreatment with pre-enlistment suicidal behaviors in new Army soldiers. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey data from 38,237 soldiers reporting for basic training from April 2011 through November 2012 were analyzed. Scales assessing retrospectively reported childhood abuse and neglect were derived and subjected to latent class analysis, which yielded 5 profiles: No Maltreatment, Episodic Emotional Maltreatment, Frequent Emotional/Physical Maltreatment, Episodic Emotional/Sexual Abuse, and Frequent Emotional/Physical/Sexual Maltreatment...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541397/prevalence-and-co-occurrence-of-geriatric-syndromes-in-people-aged-75-years-and-older-in-france-results-from-the-bordeaux-three-city-study
#11
Maturin Tabue-Teguo, Leslie Grasset, José Alberto Avila-Funes, Robin Genuer, Cecile Proust-Lima, Karine Péres, Catherine Féart, Hélène Amieva, Magali González-Colaço Harmand, Catherine Helmer, Nathalie Salles, Muriel Rainfray, Jean François Dartigues
Background: Geriatric syndromes (GSs) are often the result of cumulative insults to multiple organ systems and are considered common in older adults. However, their frequency and co-occurrence are not well known in the elderly population. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of several GSs and to analyze the co-occurrence of these syndromes in a general population of elderly individuals. Methods: A cross-sectional analysis of 630 adults aged 75 years or older participating in the 10-year follow-up of the Bordeaux sample of the French Three-City Study was conducted...
May 24, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541073/symptoms-of-stress-and-depression-effect-percentage-of-body-fat-and-insulin-resistance-in-healthy-youth-look-longitudinal-study
#12
Lisa S Olive, Rohan M Telford, D G Byrne, Walter P Abhayaratna, Richard D Telford
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the longitudinal and cross-sectional effects of both psychosocial stress and depressive symptoms on insulin resistance and percentage body fat in a cohort of healthy Australian children, following them from childhood into adolescence. METHOD: Participants were 791 healthy, initially Grade 2 children (7-8 years; 394 girls), selected from the general community. Psychosocial stress was assessed using the Children's Stress Questionnaire, while depressive symptoms were assessed using the Children's Depression Inventory...
May 25, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540898/assessment-of-quality-of-life-in-children-with-nephrotic-syndrome-at-a-teaching-hospital-in-south-india
#13
Sonia Agrawal, Sriram Krishnamurthy, Bijaya Nanda Naik
This study was conducted to assess the quality of life (QOL) in children between 2 and 18 years of age with primary idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (NS) using Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scales). This cross-sectional comparative study was conducted at a tertiary care hospital in South India between December 2014 and February 2015. In this questionnaire-based study, 50 children with primary idiopathic NS and an equal number of age-matched controls with other chronic ailments were recruited...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539695/physical-activity-levels-of-physiotherapists-across-practice-settings-a-cross-sectional-comparison-using-self-report-questionnaire-and-accelerometer-measures
#14
Sarah E Neil-Sztramko, Armin Ghayyur, Jeremy Edwards, Kristin L Campbell
Purpose: This article describes the physical activity of physiotherapists in British Columbia and examines differences across practice settings using self-report questionnaire and accelerometer-derived measures. Methods: Public and private practice physiotherapists aged 18-65 years were recruited through employee email lists and word of mouth to this cross-sectional study. Participants (n=98) completed the International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Long Form (IPAQ-L) online to quantify self-reported physical activity across various domains (occupational, leisure time, domestic, and transportation)...
2017: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539188/counterbalancing-work-related-stress-work-engagement-among-intensive-care-professionals
#15
Margo M C van Mol, Marjan D Nijkamp, Jan Bakker, Wilmar B Schaufeli, Erwin J O Kompanje
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Working in an Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is increasingly complex and is also physically, cognitively and emotionally demanding. Although the negative emotions of work-related stress have been well studied, the opposite perspective of work engagement might also provide valuable insight into how these emotional demands may be countered. This study focused on the work engagement of ICU professionals and explored the complex relationship between work engagement, job demands and advantageous personal resources...
May 20, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539167/what-do-working-menopausal-women-want-a-qualitative-investigation-into-women-s-perspectives-on-employer-and-line-manager-support
#16
Claire Hardy, Amanda Griffiths, Myra S Hunter
OBJECTIVES: To explore women's perspectives on what employers and managers should and should not do in relation to women going through the menopause. METHODS: An online questionnaire was used to collect qualitative data in a cross-sectional study of working women. Three open-ended questions asked peri- and post-menopausal women, aged 45-65 years: (i) what they thought employers could do, or should do, to help menopausal women who may be experiencing difficult menopausal symptoms at work; (ii) how managers should behave; and (iii) how managers should not behave towards women going through the menopause...
July 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538843/-measurement-of-physical-activity-by-triaxial-accelerometers-n-schoolchildren-from-three-peruvian-cities
#17
Katherine Alvis-Chirinos, Lucio Huamán-Espino, Jenny Pillaca, Juan Pablo Aparco
Objectives.: To determine the proportion of primary school students who fulfill the World Health Organization (WHO)recommendations on physical activity and the factors associated with less time of moderate-intense physical activity in urban areas of three cities in Peru. Materials and methods.: Cross-sectional study with a random selection of schoolchildren aged 6 to 13 from public educational institutions in urban areas of Chiclayo, Huaraz and Tarapoto. In order to measure the time and intensity of physical activity, schoolchildren were given an accelerometer for a week...
January 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537955/assessing-self-concept-as-a-mediator-between-anger-and-resilience-in-adolescents-with-cancer-in-taiwan
#18
Wei-Wen Wu, Joanne T Chang, Shao-Yu Tsai, Shu-Yuan Liang
BACKGROUND: Anger is considered a common method used by patients to relieve emotional frustrations. However, this emotional response is not a common research focus for adolescents with cancer. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether self-concept mediated the relationship between anger and resilience for adolescent patients currently being treated for cancer. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 40 adolescents with cancer was conducted...
May 23, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537851/family-characteristics-and-structure-as-determinants-of-sexual-abuse-among-female-secondary-school-students-in-nigeria-a-brief-report
#19
Chigozirim Nlewem, Olukemi K Amodu
Child sexual abuse is associated with factors that enhance the vulnerability of the child, raising physical and mental health complications in adulthood. Three hundred and fifty students participated in this cross-sectional study. Important determinants of sexual abuse were parents not living together, not living with parents, family type, and current parents' marital status (p < 0.05). Respondents living with both parents were two times less likely to experience sexual abuse (OR = 0.5, CI: 0.3, 0.9) than respondents living with their guardians...
May 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537460/beyond-body-mass-index-using-anthropometric-measures-and-body-composition-indicators-to-assess-odds-of-an-endometriosis-diagnosis
#20
Uba Backonja, Mary L Hediger, Zhen Chen, Diane R Lauver, Liping Sun, C Matthew Peterson, Germaine M Buck Louis
BACKGROUND: Body mass index (BMI) and endometriosis have been inversely associated. To address gaps in this research, we examined associations among body composition, endometriosis, and physical activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Women from 14 clinical sites in the Salt Lake City, Utah and San Francisco, California areas and scheduled for laparoscopy/laparotomy were recruited during 2007-2009. Participants (N = 473) underwent standardized anthropometric assessments to estimate body composition before surgery...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
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