keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cross sectional physical

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109196/embodying-pervasive-discrimination-a-decomposition-of-sexual-orientation-inequalities-in-health-in-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-northern-sweden
#1
Per E Gustafsson, Ida Linander, Paola A Mosquera
BACKGROUND: Studies from Sweden and abroad have established health inequalities between heterosexual and non-heterosexual people. Few studies have examined the underpinnings of such sexual orientation inequalities in health. To expand this literature, the present study aimed to employ decomposition analysis to explain health inequalities between people with heterosexual and non-heterosexual orientation in Sweden, a country with an international reputation for heeding the human rights of non-heterosexual people...
January 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108872/neighborhood-disorder-and-physical-activity-among-older-adults-a-longitudinal-study
#2
Stephen J Mooney, Spruha Joshi, Magdalena Cerdá, Gary J Kennedy, John R Beard, Andrew G Rundle
Neighborhood physical disorder-the visual indications of neighborhood deterioration-may inhibit outdoor physical activity, particularly among older adults. However, few previous studies of the association between neighborhood disorder and physical activity have focused on this sensitive population group, and most have been cross-sectional. We examined the relationship between neighborhood physical disorder and physical activity, measured using the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE), in a three-wave longitudinal study of 3497 New York City residents aged 65-75 at baseline weighted to be representative of the older adult population of New York City...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108267/fitness-and-fatness-in-relation-with-attention-capacity-in-european-adolescents-the-helena-study
#3
Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Jeremy Vanhelst, Jonatan R Ruiz, Ruth Castillo-Gualda, Lars Libuda, Idoia Labayen, Pilar De Miguel-Etayo, Ascensión Marcos, Eszter Molnár, Andrés Catena, Luis A Moreno, Michael Sjöström, Frederic Gottrand, Kurt Widhalm, Francisco B Ortega
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of health-related physical fitness components and accurate measures of fatness with attention in European adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: A sub-sample of 444 adolescents from the HELENA study (14.5±1.2years) from 6 different countries participated in this study. Adolescents underwent evaluations of fitness (20m shuttle run, handgrip strength, standing long jump and 4×10m shuttle run tests), fatness (body mass index, skinfold thicknesses, bioelectrical impedance, Bod Pod and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry) and attention (d2-test)...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108231/interconception-challenges-of-women-who-had-prior-preterm-births
#4
Doris M Boutain, Shuyuann Wang Foreman, Jane Hitti
OBJECTIVE: To describe the interconception challenges of women who had prior preterm births. DESIGN: We used a cross-sectional design and collected data via survey. SETTING: King County, Washington. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-two women who had prior early preterm births (20-33 weeks gestation) were included. METHODS: Women were recruited from a larger study focused on exploring the infectious pathways for early preterm birth...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108155/association-of-health-professional-leadership-behaviors-on-health-promotion-practice-beliefs
#5
Jacqueline D Stone, Harolyn M E Belcher, Prince Attoh, Michelle D'Abundo, Tao Gong
BACKGROUND: Leadership is a process by which an individual influences a group or individual to achieve a common goal, in this case health promotion for individuals with disabilities. OBJECTIVES: (1) To examine the association between the transformational leadership behaviors of the Association of University Centers on Disabilities (AUCD) network professionals and their practice beliefs about health promotion activities, specifically cardiovascular fitness and healthy weight, for people with disabilities...
January 5, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107704/the-threat-of-home-eviction-and-its-effects-on-health-through-the-equity-lens-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Hugo Vásquez-Vera, Laia Palència, Ingrid Magna, Carlos Mena, Jaime Neira, Carme Borrell
The aims of this review are to gather and systematize the currently available evidence on the effect of the threat of eviction on health and its eventual spillover effects, to assess the quality of the selected studies, and to describe how these findings vary with respect to dimensions of social inequity. We conducted a literature search in March 2016, which yielded 2208 unduplicated articles. The title, abstract and full text of these articles were reviewed by three independent pairs of researchers. We performed a quality assessment of each article, and evaluated whether health inequities had been considered...
January 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107669/medical-comorbidity-in-bipolar-disorder-the-link-with-metabolic-inflammatory-systems
#7
REVIEW
Ana SayuriYamagata, Elisa Brietzke, Joshua D Rosenblat, Ron Kakar, Roger S McIntyre
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) is associated with chronic low-grade inflammation, several medical comorbidities and a decreased life expectancy. Metabolic-inflammatory changes have been postulated as one of the main links between BD and medical comorbidity, although there are few studies exploring possible mechanisms underlying this relationship. Therefore, the aims of the current narrative review were 1) synthesize the evidence for metabolic-inflammatory changes that may facilitate the link between medical comorbidity and BD and 2) discuss therapeutic and preventive implications of these pathways...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107459/associations-of-health-club-membership-with-physical-activity-and-cardiovascular-health
#8
Elizabeth C Schroeder, Gregory J Welk, Warren D Franke, Duck-Chul Lee
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluates whether a health club membership is associated with meeting the US physical activity (PA) guidelines and/or favorable cardiovascular health. METHODS: Using cross-sectional data of health club members (n = 204) and non-members (n = 201) from April to August 2013, this is the first study to our knowledge to examine a health club membership in relation to objectively measured cardiovascular health indicators including resting blood pressure, resting heart rate, body mass index, waist circumference, and cardiorespiratory fitness based on a non-exercise test algorithm...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107428/effects-of-socioeconomic-status-and-social-support-on-violence-against-pregnant-women-a-structural-equation-modeling-analysis
#9
Marizélia Rodrigues Costa Ribeiro, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva, Maria Teresa Seabra Soares de Britto E Alves, Rosângela Fernandes Lucena Batista, Cecília Cláudia Costa Ribeiro, Lilia Blima Schraiber, Heloisa Bettiol, Marco Antônio Barbieri
Few studies have used structural equation modeling to analyze the effects of variables on violence against women. The present study analyzed the effects of socioeconomic status and social support on violence against pregnant women who used prenatal services. This was a cross-sectional study based on data from the Brazilian Ribeirão Preto and São Luís birth cohort studies (BRISA). The sample of the municipality of São Luís (Maranhão/Brazil) consisted of 1,446 pregnant women interviewed in 2010 and 2011...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106851/workplace-violence-against-health-care-workers-in-north-chinese-hospitals-a-cross-sectional-survey
#10
Peihang Sun, Xue Zhang, Yihua Sun, Hongkun Ma, Mingli Jiao, Kai Xing, Zheng Kang, Ning Ning, Yapeng Fu, Qunhong Wu, Mei Yin
This research aimed to determine the prevalence of workplace violence (WPV) against healthcare workers, explore the frequency distribution of violence in different occupational groups, and determine which healthcare occupation suffers from WPV most frequently. Furthermore, the current study aimed to compare risk factors affecting different types of WPV in Chinese hospitals. A cross-sectional design was utilized. A total of 1899 healthcare workers from Heilongjiang, a province in Northeastern China, completed the questionnaire...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106088/catalyst-shape-engineering-for-anisotropic-cross-sectioned-nanowire-growth
#11
Yonatan Calahorra, Alexander Kelrich, Shimon Cohen, Dan Ritter
The ability to engineer material properties at the nanoscale is a crucial prerequisite for nanotechnology. Hereunder, we suggest and demonstrate a novel approach to realize non-hemispherically shaped nanowire catalysts, subsequently used to grow InP nanowires with a cross section anisotropy ratio of up to 1:1.8. Gold was deposited inside high aspect ratio nanotrenches in a 5 nm thick SiNx selective area mask; inside the growth chamber, upon heating to 455 °C, the thin gold stripes agglomerated, resulting in an ellipsoidal dome (hemiellipsoid)...
January 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105963/prevalence-and-heritability-of-early-childhood-caries-among-monozygotic-and-dizygotic-twins
#12
Anuradha Kuppan, Steven Rodrigues, Victor Samuel, Mahesh Ramakrishnan, Hassan S Halawany, Nimmi B Abraham, Vimal Jacob, Sukumaran Anil
Deciphering the relative importance of genetic and environmental factors, which play a major role in the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC), can help clinicians with planning a long-term preventive treatment. The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence and heritability of ECC among monozygotic (MZ) and dizygotic (DZ) twins in Chennai, India, in the year 2013. A cross-sectional study was designed to estimate the prevalence of ECC among twins. Zygosity classification for the survey framework was adapted from a highly accurate parental report questionnaire pertaining to the physical similarity between twins...
February 2017: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105670/the-role-of-shame-in-people-with-a-diagnosis-of-schizophrenia
#13
Nadine Keen, Darren George, Peter Scragg, Emmanuelle Peters
OBJECTIVES: To examine the role of shame and its relationship to depression in schizophrenia. It was predicted that individuals with a diagnosis of schizophrenia would exhibit higher levels of shame due to the stigma associated with their diagnosis, independently of depression levels, compared with psychiatric and medical control groups. DESIGN: Cross-sectional design with three groups: individuals with a diagnosis of (1) schizophrenia, (2) depression, and (3) rheumatoid arthritis...
January 19, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104988/health-related-quality-of-life-in-gastroesophageal-reflux-patients-with-noncardiac-chest-pain-emphasis-on-the-role-of-psychological-distress
#14
Lei Zhang, Lei Tu, Jie Chen, Jun Song, Tao Bai, Xue-Lian Xiang, Rui-Yun Wang, Xiao-Hua Hou
AIM: To investigate the effects of depression and anxiety on health-related quality of life (QoL) in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) patients and those suffering from cardiac (CCP) and noncardiac (NCCP) chest pain in Wuhan, China. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 358 consecutive patients with GERD were enrolled in Wuhan, China, of which 176 subjects had complaints of chest pain. Those with chest pain underwent coronary angiography and were divided into a CCP group (52 cases) and NCCP group (124 cases)...
January 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104602/happiness-rather-than-depression-is-associated-with-sexual-behaviour-in-partnered-older-adults
#15
Rosanne Freak-Poli, Gustavo De Castro Lima, Nese Direk, Loes Jaspers, Marian Pitts, Albert Hofman, Henning Tiemeier
BACKGROUND: the relation between positive psychological well-being (PPWB) and sexual behaviour is understudied in older adult groups. OBJECTIVE: to examine the relation between PPWB (positive affect and life satisfaction) and sexual behaviour (sexual activity and physical tenderness) in older adults, and whether it is independent from depressive symptoms and uniform across older age groups. DESIGN: cross-sectional. SETTING: community-dwelling adults aged 65 years or older, Rotterdam, The Netherlands...
October 25, 2016: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104059/suicide-risk-in-the-hospitalized-elderly-in-turkey-and-affecting-factors
#16
Dilek Avci, Kevser Tari Selcuk, Selma Dogan
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the suicide risk among the elderly hospitalized and treated because of physical illnesses, and the factors affecting the risk. METHODS: The study has a cross-sectional design. It was conducted with 459 elderly people hospitalized and treated in a public hospital between May 25, 2015 and December 4, 2015. Data were collected with the Personal Information Form, Suicide Probability Scale and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103842/one-size-doesn-t-fit-all-cross-sectional-associations-between-neighborhood-walkability-crime-and-physical-activity-depends-on-age-and-sex-of-residents
#17
Andrea S Richardson, Wendy M Troxel, Madhumita B Ghosh-Dastidar, Robin Beckman, Gerald P Hunter, Amy S DeSantis, Natalie Colabianchi, Tamara Dubowitz
BACKGROUND: Low-income African American adults are disproportionately affected by obesity and are also least likely to engage in recommended levels of physical activity (Flegal et al. JAMA 303(3):235-41, 2010; Tucker et al. Am J Prev Med 40(4):454-61, 2011). Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is an important factor for weight management and control, as well as for reducing disease risk (Andersen et al. Lancet 368(9532):299-304, 2006; Boreham and Riddoch J Sports Sci 19(12):915-29, 2001; Carson et al...
January 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103207/determination-of-factors-affecting-physical-activity-status-of-university-students-on-a-health-sciences-campus
#18
Ayfer Dayi, Ayla Acikgoz, Guven Guvendi, Levent Bayrak, Burcu Ersoy, Cagri Gur, Omer Ozmen
Upon graduation, students studying in departments related to health will work in the health sector and will guide and enlighten people with their knowledge and behavior. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors affecting the physical activity (PA) conditions of university students on a health sciences campus. A cross-sectional study was carried out on 706 students in a Turkish university. The data was obtained from a survey prepared by the researchers. The 26-question survey aimed to discover the students' socio-demographic characteristics and their awareness and practices concerning PA...
January 19, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102942/a-platform-independent-method-to-reduce-ct-truncation-artifacts-using-discriminative-dictionary-representations
#19
Yang Chen, Adam Budde, Ke Li, Yinsheng Li, Jiang Hsieh, Guang-Hong Chen
PURPOSE: When the scan field of view (SFOV) of a CT system is not large enough to enclose the entire cross-section of the patient, or the patient needs to be positioned partially outside the SFOV for certain clinical applications, truncation artifacts often appear in the reconstructed CT images. Many truncation artifact correction methods perform extrapolations of the truncated projection data based on certain a priori assumptions. The purpose of this work was to develop a novel CT truncation artifact reduction method that directly operates on DICOM images...
January 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102890/handgrip-strength-in-old-and-very-old-adults-mood-cognition-function-and-mortality
#20
Jochanan Stessman, Yakir Rottenberg, Matan Fischer, Aliza Hammerman-Rozenberg, Jeremy M Jacobs
OBJECTIVES: To determine the trajectory of handgrip strength (HGS) from age 70 to 90 and its association with mood, cognition, functional status, and mortality. DESIGN: Prospective follow-up of an age-homogenous representative community-dwelling cohort (born 1920-21) in the Jerusalem Longitudinal Cohort Study (1990-2015). SETTING: Home-based assessment. PARTICIPANTS: Subjects aged 70 (n = 327), 78 (n = 384), 85 (n = 1187), and 90 (n = 406), examined in 1990, 1998, 2005, and 2010, respectively...
January 19, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
keyword
keyword
42059
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"