keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cross sectional physical

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667501/does-organizational-and-coworker-support-moderate-diabetes-risk-and-job-stress-among-employees
#1
Marilyn B Wolff, Jennifer L Gay, Mark G Wilson, David M DeJoy, Robert J Vandenberg
PURPOSE: Examine the moderating role of perceived organizational and coworker support on the relationship between job stress and type 2 diabetes risk among employees. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey was administered to employees at the workplace. SETTING: One national retail organization. PARTICIPANTS: Baseline data were obtained from 1595 employees in 21 retail stores. MEASURES: Self-reported organizational and coworker support to encourage and fulfill job responsibilities and job stress...
May 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667440/time-use-and-physical-activity-in-a-specialised-brain-injury-rehabilitation-unit-an-observational-study
#2
Leanne Hassett, Siobhan Wong, Emma Sheaves, Maysaa Daher, Andrew Grady, Cara Egan, Carol Seeto, Talia Hosking, Anne Moseley
OBJECTIVES: To determine what is the use of time and physical activity in people undertaking inpatient rehabilitation in a specialised brain injury unit. To determine participants' level of independence related to the use of time and physical activity. METHODS: Design: Cross-sectional observation study. PARTICIPANTS: Fourteen people [mean (SD) age 40 (15) years] with brain injuries undertaking inpatient rehabilitation. PROCEDURE: Participants were observed every 12 minutes over 5 days (Monday to Friday from 7:30 am until 7:30 pm) using a behaviour mapping tool...
April 18, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667384/relation-between-occupational-activity-health-and-quality-of-life-among-young-inhabitants-of-silesien-voivodeship
#3
Szymon Szemik, Małgorzata Kowlaska, Halina Kulik
BACKGROUND: Socio-economic factors, including occupational activity and unemployment, are the most significant determinants of the quality of life. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The epidemiological cross-sectional study was carried out among young inhabitants aged 25-44 years living in the Silesian voivodeship. The aim of the presented study was to assess and identify factors that determine the quality of life, self-assessed health status and chronic diseases, mainly including the determinants relating to occupational activity and unemployment...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667383/knowledge-of-cardiovascular-disease-cvd-risk-factors-in-population-of-ma%C3%A5-opolska-voivodeship-in-two-independent-cross-sectional-studies
#4
Anna Waśniowska, Grzegorz Kopeć, Krystyna Szafraniec, Magdalena Kozela, Agnieszka Sarnecka, Klaudia Knap, Andrzej Pająk, Piotr Podolec
INTRODUCTION: Low level of knowledge of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors is related to higher risk of death and health educational programs are of particular importance in CVD prevention. Monitoring the level of knowledge of CVD risk factors is necessary to verify the effectiveness of education and to facilitate the right choice of education methods. AIM: to compare the assessment of knowledge of CVD risk factors in the population of Małopolska Voivodeship from the two independent cross-sectional studies...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667237/the-trends-and-prevalence-of-obesity-and-morbid-obesity-among-australian-school-aged-children-1985-2014
#5
Joshua Xu, Louise L Hardy, Cici Z Guo, Sarah P Garnett
AIM: Children with obesity have a greater risk of adverse social and physical health outcomes. We examined temporal changes in body mass index (BMI) z-scores and the prevalence obesity and morbid obesity in children from 1985 to 2014. METHODS: Secondary data analysis of BMI data for children aged 7-15 years from five cross-sectional Australian datasets. Changes in age- and gender-adjusted BMI (BMI z-scores) and nutritional status were categorised using the International Obesity Task Force cut-off points...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667159/physical-activity-throughout-the-adult-life-span-and-domain-specific-cognitive-function-in-old-age-a-systematic-review-of-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-data
#6
REVIEW
Tobias Engeroff, Tobias Ingmann, Winfried Banzer
BACKGROUND: A growing body of literature suggests that physical activity might alleviate the age-related neurodegeneration and decline of cognitive function. However, most of this evidence is based on data investigating the association of exercise interventions or current physical activity behavior with cognitive function in elderly subjects. OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review and hypothesize that physical activity during the adult life span is connected with maintained domain-specific cognitive functions during late adulthood defined as age 60+ years...
April 17, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667132/obesity-and-episodic-memory-function
#7
REVIEW
Paul D Loprinzi, Emily Frith
Obesity-related lifestyle factors, such as physical activity behavior and dietary intake, have been shown to be associated with episodic memory function. From animal work, there is considerable biological plausibility linking obesity with worse memory function. There are no published systematic reviews evaluating the effects of obesity on episodic memory function among humans, and examining whether physical activity and diet influences this obesity-memory link. Thus, the purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the totality of research examining whether obesity is associated with episodic memory function, and whether physical activity and dietary behavior confounds this relationship...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665834/inequalities-in-the-prevalence-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-its-risk-factors-in-sri-lanka-a-lower-middle-income-country
#8
Ambepitiyawaduge Pubudu De Silva, Sudirikku Hennadige Padmal De Silva, Rashan Haniffa, Isurujith Kongala Liyanage, Saroj Jayasinghe, Prasad Katulanda, Chandrika Neelakanthi Wijeratne, Sumedha Wijeratne, Lalini Chandika Rajapaksa
BACKGROUND: Explorations into quantifying the inequalities for diabetes mellitus (DM) and its risk factors are scarce in low and lower middle income countries (LICs/LMICs). The aims of this study were to assess the inequalities of DM and its risk factors in a suburban district of Sri Lanka. METHODS: A sample of 1300 participants, (aged 35-64 years) randomly selected using a stratified multi-stage cluster sampling method, were studied employing a cross sectional descriptive design...
April 17, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665820/work-impairment-osteoarthritis-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-employees-in-japan
#9
Ken Nakata, Toshinaga Tsuji, Jeffrey Vietri, Dena H Jaffe
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common causes of health and work impairment; however, this relationship, especially in Japan, is not well characterized. This study examined work impairment and OA in Japanese workers, specifically the relationship with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and health status. METHODS: This retrospective, cross-sectional observational study included the data of employed adults with a self-reported OA diagnosis from the 2014 Japan National Health and Wellness Survey...
April 17, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665716/prevalence-of-physical-inactivity-and-associated-factors-among-older-caregivers-of-older-adults
#10
Grace Angélica de Oliveira Gomes, Bruna Moretti Luchesi, Aline Cristina Martins Gratão, Fabiana de Souza Orlandi, Karina Gramani Say, Keika Inouye, Tiago da Silva Alexandre, Allan Gustavo Brigola, Sofia Cristina Iost Pavarini
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to analyze the prevalence of physical inactivity (PI) and associated factors in older caregivers of older adults. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted including 312 older caregivers. Sociodemographic, clinical, and care-related characteristics were considered the independent variables for the determination of associated factors with PI in the logistic regression model. RESULTS: The prevalence of PI was 75...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665163/lowered-quality-of-life-in-mood-disorders-is-associated-with-increased-neuro-oxidative-stress-and-basal-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-levels-and-use-of-anticonvulsant-mood-stabilizers
#11
Caroline Sampaio Nunes, Michael Maes, Chutima Roomruangwong, Juliana Brum Moraes, Kamila Landucci Bonifacio, Heber Odebrecht Vargas, Decio Sabbatini Barbosa, George Anderson, Luiz Gustavo Piccoli de Melo, Stoyanov Drozdstoj, Estefania Moreira, André F Carvalho, Sandra Odebrecht Vargas Nunes
RATIONALE, AIMS: Major affective disorders including bipolar disorder (BD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) are associated with impaired health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Oxidative stress and subtle thyroid abnormalities may play a pathophysiological role in both disorders. Thus, the current study was performed to examine whether neuro-oxidative biomarkers and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels could predict HRQoL in BD and MDD. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 68 BD and 37 MDD patients and 66 healthy controls...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665125/cross-sectional-study-showed-that-breakfast-consumption-was-associated-with-demographic-clinical-and-biochemical-factors-in-children-and-adolescents
#12
Fabiana A Silva, Cristina Padez, Daniela S Sartorelli, Renata M S Oliveira, Michele P Netto, Larissa L Mendes, Ana Paula C Cândido
AIM: We investigated the demographic, anthropometric, clinical, biochemical and behavioural factors associated with children and adolescents who missed breakfast. METHODS: This 2012 cross-sectional study was carried out in the city of Juiz de Fora, Brazil, with a sample of 684 students: 191 children aged 7-9 and 493 adolescents aged 10-14. Data on demographic, physical activity and breakfast consumption was based on a 24-hour recall record and a three-day dietary record...
April 17, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665110/illusion-thermotics
#13
Run Hu, Shuling Zhou, Ying Li, Dang-Yuan Lei, Xiaobing Luo, Cheng-Wei Qiu
"Fata Morgana" or "Mirage" phenomena have long been captivated as optical illusions, which actually relies on gradient-density air or vapor. Man-made optical illusions have witnessed significant progress by resorting to artificially structured metamaterials. Nevertheless, two long-standing challenges remain formidable: first, exotic parameters (negative or less than unity) become inevitable; second, the signature of original object is altered to that of a virtual counterpart. It is thus not able to address the holy grail of illusion per se, since a single virtual object still exposes the location...
April 17, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664932/obesity-and-unhealthy-lifestyle-associated-with-poor-executive-function-among-malaysian-adolescents
#14
Joyce Ying Hui Tee, Wan Ying Gan, Kit-Aun Tan, Yit Siew Chin
The understanding on the roles of obesity and lifestyle behaviors in predicting executive function of adolescents has been limited. Low executive function proficiency may have adverse effects on adolescents' school academic performance. This cross-sectional study aimed to examine the relationship between BMI-for-age and multiple lifestyle behaviors (operationalized as meal consumption, physical activity, and sleep quality) with executive function (operationalized as inhibition, working memory, and cognitive flexibility) on a sample of Malaysian adolescents aged between 12 and 16 years (N = 513)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661940/disparities-for-lgbtq-and-gender-nonconforming-adolescents
#15
Laura Baams
OBJECTIVES: To identify patterns of childhood adversity in a sample of adolescents and assess disparities in these experiences for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning adolescents and by level of gender nonconformity. METHOD: By using the cross-sectional, statewide, anonymous 2016 Minnesota Student Survey, 81 885 students were included in the current study (50.59% male; mean age = 15.51). Participants were enrolled in grades 9 and 11 in a total of 348 schools...
April 16, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661154/cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-factors-influencing-physical-activity-of-65-to-75-year-olds-a-pan-european-cohort-study-based-on-the-survey-of-health-ageing-and-retirement-in-europe-share
#16
Lena Lübs, Jenny Peplies, Carina Drell, Karin Bammann
BACKGROUND: The promotion of physical activity (PA) plays a major role for healthy ageing even in older age. There is a lack of cross-sectional and longitudinal studies explicitly dealing with barriers and drivers to PA in older adults. Therefore the aims of this study are a) to determine the prevalence of insufficient physical activity (IPA) in 65 to 75-year-olds in Europe and to identify factors associated with IPA in cross-section and b) to identify longitudinal risk factors for IPA in prior active persons...
April 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660992/next-of-kin-s-notification-of-patient-s-death-a-qualitative-and-quantitative-preliminary-analysis
#17
Sasson Menahem, Tali Samson, Pesach Shvartzman
BACKGROUND: There are no published studies on notification of death by a next of kin to the treating medical staff. AIM: To explore the content and circumstances of death notifications by next of kin to the treating medical staff in a palliative home care unit. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study that combines qualitative and quantitative analysis. SETTING: Assessment of 153 telephone death notifications by a next of kin to the treating medical staff...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660955/change-in-mobility-function-and-its-causes-in-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-by-gross-motor-function-classification-system-level-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-study
#18
Nobuaki Himuro, Reiko Mishima, Takashi Seshimo, Toshibumi Morishima, Keisuke Kosaki, Shigeharu Ibe, Yoshimi Asagai, Koji Minematsu, Kazuhiro Kurita, Tsutomu Okayasu, Tsukasa Shimura, Kotaro Hoshino, Toshiro Suzuki, Taiichiro Yanagizono
BACKGROUND: The prognosis for mobility function by Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) level is vital as a guide to rehabilitation for people with cerebral palsy. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to investigate change in mobility function and its causes in adults with cerebral palsy by GMFCS level. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional questionnaire study. RESULTS: A total of 386 participants (26 y 8 m, SD 5 y 10 m) with cerebral palsy were analyzed...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660950/impact-of-balance-on-functional-independence-after-stroke-a-cross-sectional-study-at-rehabilitation-settings-in-nigeria
#19
Grace Vincent-Onabajo, Emmanuel Joseph, Hadiza Yakubu Musa
BACKGROUND: Functional independence is often compromised after stroke and restoring it is one of the goals of stroke rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the impact of balance on functional independence after stroke. METHODS: Ninety-five stroke patients undergoing physical rehabilitation at two health institutions in Nigeria participated in the study. Balance and functional independence were respectively assessed with the Berg Balance Scale and the Barthel Index...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659832/average-sperm-count-remains-unchanged-despite-reduction-in-maternal-smoking-results-from-a-large-cross-sectional-study-with-annual-investigations-over-21-years
#20
L Priskorn, L Nordkap, A K Bang, M Krause, S A Holmboe, D L Egeberg Palme, S B Winge, N Mørup, E Carlsen, U N Joensen, M Blomberg Jensen, K M Main, A Juul, N E Skakkebaek, T K Jensen, N Jørgensen
STUDY QUESTION: How are temporal trends in lifestyle factors, including exposure to maternal smoking in utero, associated to semen quality in young men from the general population? SUMMARY ANSWER: Exposure to maternal smoking was associated with lower sperm counts but no overall increase in sperm counts was observed during the study period despite a decrease in this exposure. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Meta-analyses suggest a continuous decline in semen quality but few studies have investigated temporal trends in unselected populations recruited and analysed with the same protocol over a long period and none have studied simultaneous trends in lifestyle factors...
April 11, 2018: Human Reproduction
keyword
keyword
42059
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"