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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040427/what-is-the-end-of-life-period-trajectories-and-characterization-based-on-primary-caregiver-reports
#1
Jiska Cohen-Mansfield, Rinat Cohen, Michal Skornick-Bouchbinder, Shai Brill
BACKGROUND: As the population lives longer, end of life (EOL) is emerging as a distinct life phase, about which there is still limited understanding. Characterizing this important period is vital for clarifying issues regarding trajectory and decline at EOL and for health service planning on an institutional, communal, and societal level. In this paper we aim to characterize the EOL period, examining the duration and number of EOL stages, as well as the functional, attitudinal and emotional trajectories...
October 12, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036666/do-israeli-health-promoting-schools-contribute-to-students-healthy-eating-and-physical-activity-habits
#2
Samah Hayek, Riki Tessler, Shiran Bord, Ronit Endevelt, Carmit Satran, Irit Livne, Mohammed Khatib, Yosi Harel-Fisch, Orna Baron-Epel
The Israeli Health Promoting School Network (HPSN) is actively committed to enhancing a healthy lifestyle for the entire school population. This study aimed to explore the contribution of school participation in the HPSN and students' individual characteristics to healthy eating and physical activity habits among Israeli school children aged 10-12 years. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 4166 students in grades 4-6 from 28 schools. The schools were selected from a sample of HPSN affiliated and non-HPSN schools...
October 4, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036380/microdosimetric-simulations-of-carbon-ions-using-the-monte-carlo-code-fluka
#3
S Chiriotti, V Conte, P Colautti, A Selva, A Mairani
Therapeutic carbon ion beams produce a complex and variable radiation field that changes along the penetration depth due to the high density of energy loss along the particle track together with the secondary particles produced by nuclear fragmentation reactions. An accurate physical characterisation of such complex mixed-radiation fields can be performed by measuring microdosimetric spectra with mini tissue-equivalent proportional counters (mini-TEPCs), which are one of the most accurate devices used in experimental microdosimetry...
September 29, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036230/predictors-of-adverse-drug-reaction-related-hospitalisation-in-southwest-ethiopia-a-prospective-cross-sectional-study
#4
Mulugeta Tarekegn Angamo, Colin Michael Curtain, Leanne Chalmers, Daniel Yilma, Luke Bereznicki
BACKGROUND: Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are important causes of morbidity and mortality in the healthcare system; however, there are no studies reporting on the magnitude and risk factors associated with ADR-related hospitalisation in Ethiopia. OBJECTIVES: To characterise the reaction types and the drugs implicated in admission to Jimma University Specialized Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia, and to identify risk factors associated with ADR-related hospitalisation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035623/the-impact-of-knee-injury-history-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescent-athletes
#5
Kenneth C Lam, Jessica G Markbreiter
CONTEXT: Current evidence suggests that, despite returning to full participation, physically active adults with a previous knee injury experience lower health-related quality of life (HRQOL) than those with no knee injury history. It is unknown if this relationship is present in adolescent athletes. OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of knee injury history on HRQOL in adolescent athletes who were medically cleared for full participation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035603/competition-level-not-associated-with-diet-quality-in-marching-artists
#6
Colleen R McConnell, Alyssa McPherson, Kathleen Woolf
Marching artists are a unique group of athletes whose performance can be influenced by nutrition. Because physical demands are thought to be moderate to high, adequate energy and a variety of nutrient-dense foods are needed. The purpose of this study was to examine diet quality, physical activity, and eating behavior of marching artists across elite and non-elite competition levels. This cross-sectional analysis used the validated National Cancer Institute Diet History Questionnaire II, International Physical Activity Questionnaire, and Eating Behavior Patterns Questionnaire...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034127/socio-demographic-factors-which-significantly-relate-to-the-prediction-of-burns-severity-in-children
#7
Khalid Alnababtah, Salim Khan
BACKGROUND: Burns are considered one of the biggest wounds and the most devastating injuries humans can receive as they have prolonged consequences which are not only physical, but psychological in addition to the cost of treatment. The aim of the study was to explore the relationships between socio-demographic factors (SDF) and the incidence and mechanisms of burn injuries in children. The objectives were to identify the multiple and various factors responsible for the occurrence of significant burns in children; to explore and investigate the relationship between these factors; to critically analyse SDF on the incidence and mechanisms of burns and to develop a contextual model with a view to informing future health care policy and health promotion programmes...
2017: International Journal of Burns and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033562/associations-between-the-psychological-health-of-patients-and-carers-in-advanced-copd
#8
Ella Mi, Emma Mi, Gail Ewing, Ravi Mahadeva, A Carole Gardener, Hanne Holt Butcher, Sara Booth, Morag Farquhar
OBJECTIVE: Anxiety and depression are highly prevalent in patients with COPD and their informal carers, and associated with numerous risk factors. However, few studies have investigated these in primary care or the link between patient and carer anxiety and depression. We aimed to determine this association and factors associated with anxiety and depression in patients, carers, and both (dyads), in a population-based sample. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective, cross-sectional study of 119 advanced COPD patients and their carers...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033557/the-correlates-of-social-capital-and-adherence-to-healthy-lifestyle-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease
#9
Jialie Fang, Ji-Wei Wang, Jiang Li, Hua Li, Chunhai Shao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlates of social capital and adherence to healthy lifestyle in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). METHODS: This register-based, cross-sectional study consisted of individuals diagnosed with CHD at four community health service centers, Shanghai, China, between April and July 2016 (n=609). The sociodemographic characteristics, social capital, adherence to physical activity, and nutrition data were obtained through face-to-face interviews...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033551/healthcare-provider-relational-quality-is-associated-with-better-self-management-and-less-treatment-burden-in-people-with-multiple-chronic-conditions
#10
David T Eton, Jennifer L Ridgeway, Mark Linzer, Deborah H Boehm, Elizabeth A Rogers, Kathleen J Yost, Lila J Finney Rutten, Jennifer L Sauver, Sara Poplau, Roger T Anderson
PURPOSE: Having multiple chronic conditions (MCCs) can lead to appreciable treatment and self-management burden. Healthcare provider relational quality (HPRQ) - the communicative and interpersonal skill of the provider - may mitigate treatment burden and promote self-management. The objectives of this study were to 1) identify the associations between HPRQ, treatment burden, and psychosocial outcomes in adults with MCCs, and 2) determine if certain indicators of HPRQ are more strongly associated than others with these outcomes...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032856/sedentary-time-physical-activity-and-adiposity-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-associations-in-cardia
#11
Bethany Barone Gibbs, Kelley Pettee Gabriel, Mercedes R Carnethon, Tiffany Gary-Webb, John M Jakicic, Jamal S Rana, Jared P Reis, Juned Siddique, Barbara Sternfeld, Cora E Lewis
INTRODUCTION: Higher sedentary time (ST) and lower moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) have each been associated with greater adiposity, but most studies are cross-sectional and measure ST and MVPA by self-report. This study evaluated associations between objective ST and MVPA with current and 5-year changes in BMI and waist circumference. METHODS: The Coronary Artery and Risk Development in Young Adults longitudinal cohort study recruited black or white young adults from four U...
September 26, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032697/the-association-of-sitting-time-with-sarcopenia-status-and-physical-performance-at-baseline-and-18-month-follow-up-in-the-residential-aged-care-setting
#12
N Reid, J W Keogh, P Swinton, P A Gardiner, Timothy Henwood
This study investigated the association of sitting time with sarcopenia and physical performance in Residential Aged Care (RAC) residents at baseline and 18-month follow-up. Measures included the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (sitting time), European Working Group definition of sarcopenia, and the Short Physical Performance Battery (physical performance). Logistic regression and linear regression analyses were used to investigate associations. For each hour of sitting the unadjusted odds ratio of sarcopenia was 1...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032365/how-does-academic-achievement-relate-to-cardiorespiratory-fitness-self-reported-physical-activity-and-objectively-reported-physical-activity-a-systematic-review-in-children-and-adolescents-aged-6-18-years
#13
REVIEW
Adilson Marques, Diana A Santos, Charles H Hillman, Luís B Sardinha
OBJECTIVE: This report aimed to systematically review the evidence for a differential association between objective and self-reported physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness on academic achievement. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: Studies were identified from searches in Embase, Education Resources Information Center, PubMed, PsycINFO, SPORTdiscus and Web of Science databases from January 2000 to December 2016. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Eligibility criteria included cross-sectional, longitudinal and interventional study designs...
October 14, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031994/clinical-classification-criteria-for-neurogenic-claudication-caused-by-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-the-n-class-criteria
#14
Stéphane Genevay, Delphine S Courvoisier, Kika Konstantinou, Francisco M Kovacs, Marc Marty, James Rainville, Michael Norberg, Jean-François Kaux, Thomas D Cha, Jeffrey N Katz, Steven J Atlas
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Since imaging findings of lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) may not be associated with symptoms, clinical classification criteria based on patient symptoms and physical examination findings are needed. PURPOSE: To develop clinical classification criteria that identify patients with neurogenic claudication (NC) caused by LSS. STUDY DESIGN: Two stage process. Phase 1: Delphi process; Phase 2: cross-sectional study. PATIENT SAMPLE: Outpatients recruited from spine clinics in 5 countries...
October 12, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031643/physical-fitness-and-psychological-health-in-overweight-obese-children-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-activebrains-project
#15
M Rodriguez-Ayllon, C Cadenas-Sanchez, I Esteban-Cornejo, J H Migueles, J Mora-Gonzalez, P Henriksson, M Martín-Matillas, A Mena-Molina, P Molina-García, F Estévez-López, G M Enriquez, J C Perales, J R Ruiz, A Catena, F B Ortega
OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations of physical fitness (i.e. cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular strength, and speed/agility) with psychological distress and psychological well-being in overweight/obese pre-adolescent children. DESIGN: 110 overweight/obese children (10.0±1.1years old, 61 boys) from the ActiveBrains project (http://profith.ugr.es/activebrains) participated in this cross-sectional study. METHODS: Physical fitness was evaluated by the ALPHA battery test...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031581/parent-perceptions-of-mobile-device-use-among%C3%A2-preschool-aged-children-in-rural-head%C3%A2-start-centers
#16
Morgan McCloskey, Susan L Johnson, Cristen Benz, Darcy A Thompson, Barbara Chamberlin, Lauren Clark, Laura L Bellows
OBJECTIVE: To describe child use and parents' beliefs and comfort with young children's use of mobile devices in low-income, rural communities. METHODS: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study. The survey, which consisted of 18 multiple-part questions, was distributed to families at 5 Head Start/preschool centers in Colorado. RESULTS: In total, 192 surveys were returned (28.5% response rate). Most children (92%) used a smartphone or tablet at some frequency and most parents (90%) had downloaded apps specifically for their child...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031319/predictors-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-korean-prostate-cancer-patients-receiving-androgen-deprivation-therapy
#17
Soo Hyun Kim, Do Hwan Seong, Sang Min Yoon, Young Deuk Choi, Eunju Choi, Hosook Song
PURPOSE: We aimed to examine the level of psychological distress, fatigue, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and identify HRQOL predictors in men with prostate cancer receiving androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, we recruited 161 men with prostate cancer receiving ADT (mean age, 73 years) at two university-based hospitals in South Korea. Participants completed a self-reported questionnaire. Measures included the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue (FACIT-F) subscale, and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Prostate (FACT-P)...
October 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031316/identifying-the-unmet-supportive-care-needs-with-concomitant-influencing-factors-in-adult-acute-leukemia-patients-in-china
#18
Fang-Fang Yu, Yan-Ni Bai, Hua He, Li Zhu, Rui-Li Zhang, Hong-Xia Jiao, Qiao-Yan Li, Ju-Fang Fu
PURPOSE: To understand the supportive care needs (SCNs), with associated influencing factors, related to five unmet need dimensions in adult Acute Leukemia (AL) patients, in China. METHODS: This multi-center cross-sectional study enrolled 340 pathologically confirmed adult, Chinese AL patients who were requested to complete a self-reported questionnaire, detailing demographic information, general status and physical functions, and Supportive Care Needs Survey-Short Form 34 (SCNS-SF34), revealing their unmet SCNs...
October 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031277/resonant-convergent-second-order-nonlinear-response-functions-at-the-levels-of-hartree-fock-and-kohn-sham-density-functional-theory
#19
Tobias Fahleson, Patrick Norman
The second-order nonlinear (or cubic) response function is derived from the Ehrenfest theorem with inclusion made of the finite lifetimes of the excited states, representing the extension of the derivation of the quadratic response function in the same framework [P. Norman et al., J. Chem. Phys. 123, 194103 (2005)]. The resulting damped response functions are physically sound and converging also in near-resonance and resonance regions of the spectrum. Being an accurate approximation for small complex frequencies (defined as the sum of an optical frequency and an imaginary damping parameter), the polynomial expansion of the complex cubic response function in terms of the said frequencies is presented and used to validate the program implementation...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030265/associations-of-active-commuting-with-body-fat-and-visceral-adipose-tissue-a-cross-sectional-population-based-study-in-the-uk
#20
Oliver T Mytton, David Ogilvie, Simon Griffin, Soren Brage, Nick Wareham, Jenna Panter
The promotion of active travel (walking and cycling) is one promising approach to prevent the development of obesity and related cardio-metabolic disease. However the associations between active travel and adiposity remain uncertain. We used the Fenland study (a population based-cohort study; Cambridgeshire, UK, 2005-15) to describe the association of commuting means with DEXA measured body fat and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) among commuters (aged 29-65years; n=7680). We stratified our sample into those living near (within five miles) and far (five miles or further) from work, and categorised commuting means differently for each group reflecting their different travel options...
October 10, 2017: Preventive Medicine
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