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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224021/comparison-of-muscle-mass-indices-using-computed-tomography-or-dual-x-ray-absorptiometry-for-predicting-physical-performance-in-hemodialysis-patients
#1
Seok Hui Kang, Hyun Seok Lee, Sukyung Lee, Ji-Hyung Cho, Jun Chul Kim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Our study aims to evaluate the association between thigh muscle cross-sectional area (TMA) using computed tomography (CT), or appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM) using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), and physical performance levels in hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS: Patients were included if they were on HD for ≥6 months (n = 84). ASM and TMA were adjusted to body weight (BW, kg) or height2 (Ht2, m2). Each participant performed a short physical performance battery test (SPPB), a sit-to-stand for 30 second test (STS30), a 6-minute walk test (6-MWT), a timed up and go test (TUG), and hand grip strength (HGS) test...
December 7, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223790/temporal-and-bi-directional-associations-between-sleep-duration-and-physical-activity-sedentary-time-in-children-an-international-comparison
#2
Yingyi Lin, Mark S Tremblay, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Estelle V Lambert, Carol Maher, Jose Maia, Timothy Olds, Olga L Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Jean-Philippe Chaput
The purpose of this multinational and cross-sectional study was to investigate whether nighttime sleep duration was associated with physical activity (PA) and sedentary time (SED) the following day, whether daytime PA/SED were associated with sleep duration the subsequent night, and whether the associations were modified by sex and study sites. Data from 5779 children aged 9-11years were analyzed. A waist-worn Actigraph GT3X+ accelerometer was used to assess children's 24-h movement behaviours for 7days, i...
December 6, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223777/child-care-centre-adherence-to-infant-physical-activity-and-screen-time-recommendations-in-australia-canada-and-the-united-states-an-observational-study
#3
Lyndel Hewitt, Sara E Benjamin-Neelon, Valerie Carson, Rebecca M Stanley, Ian Janssen, Anthony D Okely
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare adherence to physical activity and sedentary behaviour recommendations within the 2011 Institute of Medicine Early Childhood Obesity Prevention Policies as well as screen time recommendations from the 2013 American Academy of Pediatrics for samples of infants in child care centres in Australia, Canada, and the United States (US). METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from: the Australian 2013 Standing Preschools (N=9) and the 2014-2017 Early Start Baseline (N=22) studies; the 2011 Canadian Healthy Living Habits in Pre-School Children study (N=14); and the American 2008 (N=31) and 2013-2017 (N=31) Baby Nutrition and Physical Activity Self-Assessment for Child Care (NAP SACC) trials...
December 7, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223314/child-physical-abuse-non-anemic-iron-deficiency-and-behavior-problems
#4
Naixue Cui, Xiaopeng Ji, Jianghong Liu
PURPOSE: Child abuse is regarded as a life-course social determinant of health problems. However, little is known about the nutritional status of physically abused children and their cumulative effect on child behavior. The present study aimed to examine the non-anemic iron deficiency status of abused children and the combined effect of physical abuse and non-anemic iron deficiency on child behavior in China. METHODS: This cross-sectional study comprised 314 children aged 11-14 (12...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223188/disordered-eating-in-sami-and-non-sami-norwegian-populations-the-saminor-2-clinical-survey
#5
Kirsti Kvaløy, Marita Melhus, Anne Silviken, Magritt Brustad, Tore Sørlie, Ann Ragnhild Broderstad
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigate disordered eating (DE) among Sami compared with non-Sami residing in northern Norway. DESIGN: In a cross-sectional design, stratified by sex and ethnicity, associations were tested between DE (Eating Disturbance Scale; EDS-5) and age, education level, BMI category, anxiety and depression, physical activity and consumption of snacks. SETTING: The SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey (2012-2014) based on the population of ten municipalities in northern Norway...
December 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223177/well-being-and-distress-of-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-comparative-investigation
#6
Francesca Vescovelli, Daniele Sarti, Chiara Ruini
BACKGROUND: Psychological resources, such as psychological well-being (PWB) and life satisfaction (LS) can aid individuals suffering from chronic illnesses to cope with their illness. The aim of this study was to investigate PWB, LS, quality of life (QoL), and distress in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and to compare them with healthy controls. METHODS: One hundred and thirteen individuals were recruited. Fifty of the participants suffered from PD, while 53 individuals reported other non-neurological diseases...
December 10, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222895/sarcopenia-and-cachexia-evaluation-in-different-healthcare-settings-a-questionnaire-survey-of-health-professionals
#7
Saori Nakahara, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Keisuke Maeda, Shinta Nishioka, Yoji Kokura
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The rates of sarcopenia and cachexia evaluations by different occupational groups at different settings are unclear. The objectives are to evaluate and compare the relative use of sarcopenia and cachexia evaluations among dietitians and associated healthcare professionals in a diverse range of settings. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Participants were 4,621 members from the Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Nutrition. Settings included acute general wards, convalescent rehabilitation wards, long-term care wards, homecare service, and other settings...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222883/the-geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-predicts-mortality-in-nonagenarians-and-centenarians-receiving-home-care
#8
Hui Wang, Shan Hai, Yan Zhou, Ping Liu, Bi-Rong Dong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The increasing prevalence of malnutrition in old people is related to the risk of illness and death. A number of screening tools to detect malnutrition have been used in the elderly to assess nutritional status and predict prognosis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the ability of the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) to assess nutritional status and predict mortality in very old home-care people by using a cross-sectional study of Chinese older people aged 90-105 years...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222703/relationship-between-self-reported-cognitive-funciton-and-work-related-outcomes-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#9
Diane Von Ah, Susan Storey, Adele Crouch
PURPOSE: This study examined the relationship between perceived cognitive function including perceived cognitive impairment (PCI) and perceived cognitive ability (PCA) and work ability, work performance, work productivity, and intention to leave employment in breast cancer survivors (BCS). METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used in the study. Employed BCS completed questionnaires assessing PCI and PCA (Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Cognitive-3); emotional work demands (Self-Focused Emotional Labor Scale); and work ability index (WAI), work performance, work productivity (Work Limitations Questionnaire (WLQ), and intention to turnover...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222573/incidence-and-causes-of-overdiagnosis-of-optic-neuritis
#10
Leanne Stunkel, Nathan H Kung, Bradley Wilson, Collin M McClelland, Gregory P Van Stavern
Importance: Diagnostic error is an important source of medical error. Overdiagnosis of optic neuritis may prompt unnecessary and costly diagnostic tests, procedures, and treatments. Objective: To assess the incidence of and characterize factors contributing to overdiagnosis of acute optic neuritis. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this retrospective clinic-based cross-sectional study of new patient encounters, 122 patients referred for acute optic neuritis at a university-based Midwestern neuro-ophthalmology clinic between January 2014 and October 2016 were studied...
December 7, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222134/workplace-violence-psychological-stress-sleep-quality-and-subjective-health-in-chinese-doctors-a-large-cross-sectional-study
#11
Tao Sun, Lei Gao, Fujun Li, Yu Shi, Fengzhe Xie, Jinghui Wang, Shuo Wang, Shue Zhang, Wenhui Liu, Xiaojian Duan, Xinyan Liu, Zhong Zhang, Li Li, Lihua Fan
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence (WPV) against healthcare workers is known as violence in healthcare settings and referring to the violent acts that are directed towards doctors, nurses or other healthcare staff at work or on duty. Moreover, WPV can cause a large number of adverse outcomes. However, there is not enough evidence to test the link between exposure to WPV against doctors, psychological stress, sleep quality and health status in China. OBJECTIVES: This study had three objectives: (1) to identify the incidence rate of WPV against doctors under a new classification, (2) to examine the association between exposure to WPV, psychological stress, sleep quality and subjective health of Chinese doctors and (3) to verify the partial mediating role of psychological stress...
December 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221862/physical-activity-sedentary-time-tv-viewing-physical-fitness-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-adolescents-the-helena-study
#12
Alan R Barker, Luis Gracia-Marco, Jonatan R Ruiz, Manuel J Castillo, Raquel Aparicio-Ugarriza, Marcela González-Gross, Anthony Kafatos, Odysseas Androutsos, Angela Polito, Dénes Molnar, Kurt Widhalm, Luis A Moreno
BACKGROUND: To examine the independent associations between physical activity (PA) intensities, sedentary time (ST), TV viewing, cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and muscular fitness (MF) with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in youth. METHODS: A cross-sectional study on 534 European adolescents (252 males, 282 females, 12.5-17.5years). Minutes per day of light (LPA), moderate (MPA) and vigorous (VPA) PA and total ST were measured using accelerometers. TV viewing time was measured using a questionnaire...
November 26, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221763/cognitive-impairment-and-quality-of-life-of-people-with-epilepsy-and-neurocysticercosis-in-zambia
#13
Anne L Nau, Kabemba E Mwape, Jasmin Wiefek, Kathie Schmidt, Emmanuel Abatih, Pierre Dorny, Nicolas Praet, Clarance Chiluba, Holger Schmidt, Isaac K Phiri, Andrea S Winkler, Sarah Gabriël, Joachim Blocher
Cognitive impairment and quality of life (Qol) are important to assess the burden of epilepsy and neurocysticercosis (NCC), which are common but neglected in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The aims of this study were to assess cognitive performance and Qol of people with epilepsy (PWE) in Zambia and to explore differences in PWE with and without NCC. In this community based, cross-sectional case-control-study, 47 PWE and 50 healthy controls completed five neuropsychological tests (Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Digit Span, Selective Reminding Test (SRT), Spatial Recall Test (SPART), Test Battery of Attentional Performance (TAP)) and a World Health Organization (WHO) questionnaire of Qol...
December 5, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221520/disability-characteristics-of-community-based-rehabilitation-participants-in-kayunga-district-uganda
#14
Lukia Namaganda Hamid, Olive Kobusingye, Sebastian Olikira Baine, Chrispus Mayora, Jacob A Bentley
BACKGROUND: Approximately 80% of individuals with disability reside in low- and middle-income countries where community-based rehabilitation (CBR) has been used as a strategy to improve disability. However, data relating to disability severity among CBR beneficiaries in low-income countries like Uganda remain scarce, particularly at the community or district level. OBJECTIVES: To describe severity of disability and associated factors for persons with physical disabilities receiving CBR services in the Kayunga district of Uganda...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221473/prevalence-of-somatic-and-urogenital-symptoms-as-well-as-psychological-health-in-women-aged-45-to-55-attending-primary-health-care-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Lena Rindner, Gunilla Strömme, Lena Nordeman, Margareta Wigren, Dominique Hange, Ronny Gunnarsson, Gun Rembeck
BACKGROUND: Women's physical and mental ill-health such as stress-related symptoms, depression, pain, hypertension and urogenital health shows a marked increase around the ages 45-55 years. These women are an important group for Primary Health Care (PHC) due to their prevalent symptoms and illnesses. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of somatic, psychological and urogenital symptoms in women aged 45-55 attending PHC and evaluate factors associated with severe symptoms...
December 8, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221456/effect-of-multimorbidity-on-quality-of-life-in-adult-with-cardiovascular-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Bijan Shad, Asieh Ashouri, Tolou Hasandokht, Fatemeh Rajati, Arsalan Salari, Moona Naghshbandi, Fardin Mirbolouk
BACKGROUND: The aim of present study was to describe the effect of multimorbidity on Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: A cross-sectional study with a simple sampling method of 296 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery in a referral hospital of the northern part of Iran was conducted between April, 2015 and September, 2016. Multimorbidity was defined as the presence of at least two chronic diseases based on self-reporting and medical records...
December 8, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220391/the-meaning-of-a-poor-childbirth-experience-a-qualitative-phenomenological-study-with-women-in-rwanda
#17
Judith Mukamurigo, Anna Dencker, Joseph Ntaganira, Marie Berg
OBJECTIVE: Being pregnant and giving birth is a pivotal life event and one that a woman ordinarily remembers for most of her life. A negative childbirth experience can affect a woman's health well beyond the episode of the labour and birth itself. This study explored the meaning of a poor childbirth experience, as expressed by women who had given birth in Rwanda. METHODS: In a cross-sectional household study conducted in Northern Province and in Kigali City, the capital of Rwanda, a structured questionnaire was answered by women who had given birth one to 13 months earlier...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220310/direct-and-indirect-relationships-of-physical-fitness-weight-status-and-learning-duration-to-academic-performance-in-japanese-schoolchildren
#18
Toru Ishihara, Noriteru Morita, Toshihiro Nakajima, Koichi Okita, Koji Yamatsu, Masato Sagawa
The purpose of this study was to determine, using structural equation modelling (SEM), the direct and indirect influence of daily behaviours (i.e. exercise/learning durations), weight status, and physical fitness on academic performance among seventh-grade schoolchildren, after controlling for socioeconomic status. We analysed cross-sectional data from 274 schoolchildren (159 males and 115 females; 12-13 years old). Academic performance was assessed using the total grade points in eight academic subjects. Physical fitness was evaluated using the total score of eight physical fitness tests and weight status using body mass index...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219943/replacement-of-sedentary-time-with-physical-activity-impact-on-lipoproteins
#19
Catherine M Phillips, Christina B Dillon, Ivan J Perry
PURPOSE: Limited data on the relationship between physical activity and lipoprotein particle profiles exist. Our objective was to investigate associations between objectively measured physical activity and lipoprotein particle size and number, and specifically whether substituting daily sedentary behaviour with light activity or moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA), is associated with beneficial alterations to the lipoprotein profile among adults and those at increased cardiometabolic risk (obese and insulin resistant subjects)...
December 7, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219940/factors-influencing-postpartum-fatigue-in-vaginal-birth-women-testing-a-path-model
#20
Ching-Hsing Hsieh, Chien-Lan Chen, Tan-Ju Han, Pei-Ju Lin, Hui-Chun Chiu
BACKGROUND: Postpartum fatigue is a very common complaint among postpartum women. Although current evidence indicates that several factors (e.g., parity, epidural analgesia, perineal trauma, perineal pain, and longer second stage of labor) are associated with postpartum, not enough is known about the relationships among these physical factors simultaneously and how they contribute to the development of postpartum fatigue. Increased awareness of the complex relationships among these factors will help nurses assess, prevent, and alleviate postpartum fatigue...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
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