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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349698/third-generation-dual-source-ct-enables-accurate-diagnosis-of-coronary-restenosis-in-all-size-stents-with-low-radiation-dose-and-preserved-image-quality
#1
Yuehua Li, Mengmeng Yu, Wenbin Li, Zhigang Lu, Meng Wei, Jiayin Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the diagnostic performance of low dose stent imaging in patients with large (≥ 3 mm) and small (< 3 mm) calibre stents by third-generation dual-source CT. METHODS: Symptomatic patients suspected of having in-stent restenosis (ISR) were prospectively enrolled. Coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and invasive coronary angiography (ICA) were performed within 1 month for correlation. Binary ISR was defined as an in-stent neointimal proliferation with diameter stenosis ≥ 50%...
January 18, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322333/whole-body-ultra-low-dose-ct-using-spectral-shaping-for-detection-of-osteolytic-lesion-in-multiple-myeloma
#2
Saravanabavaan Suntharalingam, Christian Mikat, Axel Wetter, Nika Guberina, Ahmed Salem, Philipp Heil, Michael Forsting, Kai Nassenstein
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the radiation dose and image quality of a whole-body low-dose CT (WBLDCT) using spectral shaping at 100 kV (Sn 100 kV) for the assessment of osteolytic lesions in patients with multiple myeloma. METHODS: Thirty consecutive patients were retrospectively selected, who underwent a WBLDCT on a third-generation dual-source CT (DSCT) (Sn 100 kV, ref. mAs: 130). They were matched with patients, who were examined on a second-generation DSCT with a standard low-dose protocol (100 kV, ref...
January 10, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234912/advanced-ct-acquisition-protocol-with-a-third-generation-dual-source-ct-scanner-and-iterative-reconstruction-technique-for-comprehensive-prosthetic-heart-valve-assessment
#3
Marguerite E Faure, Laurens E Swart, Marcel L Dijkshoorn, Jos A Bekkers, Marcel van Straten, Koen Nieman, Paul M Parizel, Gabriel P Krestin, Ricardo P J Budde
OBJECTIVES: Multidetector CT (MDCT) is a valuable tool for functional prosthetic heart valve (PHV) assessment. However, radiation exposure remains a concern. We assessed a novel CT-acquisition protocol for comprehensive PHV evaluation at limited dose. METHODS: Patients with a PHV were scanned using a third-generation dual-source CT scanner (DSCT) and iterative reconstruction technique (IR). Three acquisitions were obtained: a non-enhanced scan; a contrast-enhanced, ECG-triggered, arterial CT angiography (CTA) scan with reconstructions at each 5 % of the R-R interval; and a delayed high-pitch CTA of the entire chest...
December 12, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202750/assessment-of-tetralogy-of-fallot-associated-congenital-extracardiac-vascular-anomalies-in-pediatric-patients-using-low-dose-dual-source-computed-tomography
#4
Bi-Yue Hu, Ke Shi, Yu-Ping Deng, Kai-Yue Diao, Hua-Yan Xu, Rui Li, Zhi-Gang Yang, Ying-Kun Guo
BACKGROUND: To investigate the diagnostic value of dual-source computed tomography (DSCT) in the evaluation of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF)-associated extracardiac vascular abnormalities in pediatric patients compared with transthoracic echocardiography (TTE). METHODS: One hundred and twenty-three pediatric patients diagnosed with TOF were included in this retrospective study. All patients underwent DSCT and TTE preoperatively. All associated extracardiac vascular abnormalities and their percentages were recorded...
December 4, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155835/assessment-of-transposition-of-the-great-arteries-associated-with-multiple-malformations-using-dual-source-computed-tomography
#5
Lin-Jun Xie, Li Jiang, Zhi-Gang Yang, Ke Shi, Hua-Yan Xu, Rui Li, Kai-Yue Diao, Ying-Kun Guo
PURPOSE: To determine the value of dual-source computed tomography (DSCT) in depicting the morphological characteristics and diagnosing the associated malformations for patients with transposition of the great arteries (TGA) before surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five patients with TGA who underwent DSCT and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) examination were retrospectively reviewed. The morphological types of TGA, the spatial relationship between the pulmonary artery and the aorta, as well as coronary artery-associated abnormalities were assessed by DSCT...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105487/high-pitch-dual-source-paranasal-sinus-ct-in-agitated-patients-with-maxillofacial-trauma-analysis-of-image-quality-motion-artifacts-and-dose-aspects
#6
Claudia Frellesen, Julian L Wichmann, Patricia Tischendorf, Jan-Erik Scholtz, Martin Beeres, Thomas J Vogl, Ralf W Bauer
Background Image quality benefits from high-pitch scanning in agitated patients by reducing acquisition time. Purpose To compare image quality and exposure parameters in patients with maxillofacial trauma on second- and third-generation dual-source computed tomography (DSCT). Material and Methods Four groups were compared. Group 1 was examined on second-generation DSCT (120 kV/50 mAs, pitch 3.0). The other three groups were examined on third-generation DSCT. Group 2 was scanned with 120 kV/50 mAs, pitch 2...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042698/evaluating-low-kv-dual-source-ct-angiography-by-high-pitch-spiral-acquisition-and-iterative-reconstruction-in-pediatric-congenital-heart-disease-patients
#7
Yohei Marukawa, Shuhei Sato, Takashi Tanaka, Akihiro Tada, Yuichiro Kanie, Susumu Kanazawa
We retrospectively evaluated the qualities of pediatric cardiovascular dual-source computed tomography (DSCT) images reconstructed by sinogram-affirmed iterative reconstruction (SAFIRE) and filtered back projection (FBP). We analyzed the cases of 287 congenital heart disease (CHD) patients < 5 years old, referred to our department in August 2013-March 2015. We divided them into two groups according to tube voltage (70 kVp, n=147; 80 kVp, n=140). All images were acquired by a CARE kV system and reconstructed by FBP and SAFIRE...
October 2017: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042577/dual-source-computed-tomography-for-evaluating-pulmonary-artery-and-aorta-in-pediatric-patients-with-single-ventricle
#8
Meng-Xi Yang, Zhi-Gang Yang, Yi Zhang, Ke Shi, Hua-Yan Xu, Kai-Yue Diao, Ying-Kun Guo
To explore the accuracy of main pulmonary artery (MPA) and ascending aorta (AAO) image evaluation in pediatric patients with single ventricle (SV) by comparing dual-source computed tomography (DSCT) with echocardiography. Thirty-one children with SV were retrospectively enrolled. The stenosis, dilation, and location of MPA and AAO were independently evaluated by DSCT and echocardiography. The accompanying arterial malformations were also assessed by DSCT. For 17 patients undergoing cardiac catheterization, the DSCT-based diameters of MPA and AAO were correlated with their pressures as measured by catheterization...
October 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943454/coronary-artery-calcium-quantification-on-first-second-and-third-generation-dual-source-ct-a-comparison-study
#9
Marleen Vonder, Gert Jan Pelgrim, Sèvrin E M Huijsse, Holger Haubenreisser, Mathias Meyer, Peter M A van Ooijen, Matthijs Oudkerk, Thomas Henzler, Rozemarijn Vliegenthart
BACKGROUND: Differences in coronary artery calcium (CAC) quantification of successive CT systems of one vendor could impact results of CAC screening and progression studies. The purpose of this study is to compare CAC quantification between three generations of dual-source computed tomography (DSCT) systems. METHODS: Three DSCT generations were used to repeatedly scan an anthropomorphic chest phantom and three inserts. The first and second insert contained 100 small and nine large calcifications, respectively, to determine detectability, and the Agatston and (calibrated) mass score, respectively...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933350/locally-linear-constraint-based-optimization-model-for-material-decomposition
#10
Qian Wang, Yining Zhu, Hengyong Yu
Dual spectral computed tomography (DSCT) has a superior material distinguishability than the conventional single spectral computed tomography (SSCT). However, the decomposition process is an illposed problem, which is sensitive to noise. Thus, the decomposed image quality is degraded, and the corresponding signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is much lower than that of directly reconstructed image of SSCT. In this work, we establish a locally linear relationship between the decomposed results of DSCT and SSCT. Based on this constraint, we propose an optimization model for DSCT and develop an iterative method with image guided filtering...
October 19, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927299/evaluation-of-image-quality-and-radiation-dose-of-abdominal-dual-energy-ct
#11
David Schmidt, Marcus Söderberg, Mats Nilsson, Håkan Lindvall, Christina Christoffersen, Peter Leander
Background Dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) has conceptually been known since the late 1970s and commercially available as dual-source CT (DSCT) systems since 2006; however, the technique has not yet seen widespread implementation in routine protocols. Part of the cause for this is likely due to misconceptions about radiation dose and/or image quality when using DECT. Purpose To compare image quality and radiation dose of single-energy CT (SECT) and DECT abdominal examinations obtained in clinical practice on a second generation DSCT...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835990/cerebellar-compartments-for-the-processing-of-kinematic-and-kinetic-information-related-to-hindlimb-stepping
#12
M S Valle, G Bosco, R E Poppele
We previously showed that proprioceptive sensory input from the hindlimbs to the anterior cerebellar cortex of the cat may not be simply organized with respect to a body map, but it may also be distributed to multiple discrete functional areas extending beyond classical body map boundaries. With passive hindlimb stepping movements, cerebellar activity was shown to relate to whole limb kinematics as does the activity of dorsal spinocerebellar tract (DSCT) neurons. For DSCT activity, whole limb kinematics provides a solid functional framework within which information about limb forces, such as those generated during active stepping, may also be embedded...
November 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731362/greater-cognitive-deficits-with-sleep-disordered-breathing-among-individuals-with-genetic-susceptibility-to-alzheimer-s-disease-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#13
Dayna A Johnson, Jacqueline Lane, Rui Wang, Michelle Reid, Ina Djonlagic, Annette L Fitzpatrick, Stephen R Rapp, Luenda E Charles, Ruth O'Hara, Richa Saxena, Susan Redline
RATIONALE: There are conflicting findings regarding the link between sleep apnea and cognitive dysfunction. OBJECTIVE: Investigate associations between indicators of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and cognitive function in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis and assess effect modification by the apolipoprotein ε-4 (APOE-ε4) allele. METHODS: A diverse population (N=1,752) underwent Type 2 in-home polysomnography, which included measurement of % sleep time <90% oxyhemoglobin saturation (%Sat<90%) and apnea-hypopnea index (AHI)...
July 21, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689328/image-quality-of-coronary-arteries-on-non-electrocardiography-gated-high-pitch-dual-source-computed-tomography-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#14
Yuichiro Kanie, Shuhei Sato, Akihiro Tada, Susumu Kanazawa
This study aimed to evaluate image quality of coronary artery imaging on non-electrocardiography (ECG)-gated high-pitch dual-source computed tomography (DSCT) in children with congenital heart disease (CHD) and to assess factors affecting image quality. We retrospectively reviewed the records of 142 children with CHD who underwent non-ECG-gated high-pitch DSCT. The subjective image quality of the proximal coronary segments was graded using a five-point scale. A score <3 represented a non-diagnostic image...
July 8, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677055/improved-assessment-of-mediastinal-and-pulmonary-pathologies-in-combined-staging-ct-examinations-using-a-fast-speed-acquisition-dual-source-ct-protocol
#15
Franziska M Braun, Veronica Holzner, Felix G Meinel, Marco Armbruster, Martina Brandlhuber, Birgit Ertl-Wagner, Wieland H Sommer
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate the feasibility of fast Dual-Source CT (DSCT) and to evaluate the clinical utility in chest/abdomen/pelvis staging CT studies. METHODS: 45 cancer patients with two follow-up combined chest/abdomen/pelvis staging CT examinations (maximally ±10 kV difference in tube potential) were included. The first scan had to be performed with our standard protocol (fixed pitch 0.6), the second one using a novel fast-speed DSCT protocol (fixed pitch 1...
December 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669428/preoperative-evaluation-of-anomalous-pulmonary-venous-connection-using-dual-source-computed-tomography-comparison-with-echocardiography
#16
Li Jiang, Lin-Jun Xie, Zhi-Gang Yang, Ke Shi, Hua-Yan Xu, Rui Li, Kai-Yue Diao, Ying-Kun Guo
PURPOSE: To evaluate the image features and diagnostic agreement for anomalous pulmonary venous connection (APVC) by dual-source computed tomography (DSCT) before surgery when compared with trans-thoracic echocardiography (TTE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of one hundred and twenty-three patients were enrolled in this study. The associated malformation was analyzed between 39 total anomalous pulmonary venous connections (TAPVC) and 84 partial anomalous pulmonary venous connections (PAPVC)...
September 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629567/ct-coronary-calcium-scoring-with-tin-filtration-using-iterative-beam-hardening-calcium-correction-reconstruction
#17
Christian Tesche, Carlo N De Cecco, U Joseph Schoepf, Taylor M Duguay, Moritz H Albrecht, Domenico De Santis, Akos Varga-Szemes, Virginia W Lesslie, Ullrich Ebersberger, Richard R Bayer, Christian Canstein, Ellen Hoffmann, Thomas Allmendinger, John W Nance
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the diagnostic accuracy of CT coronary artery calcium scoring (CACS) with tin pre-filtration (Sn100kVp) using iterative beam-hardening correction (IBHC) calcium material reconstruction compared to the standard 120kVp acquisition. BACKGROUND: Third generation dual-source CT (DSCT) CACS with Sn100kVp acquisition allows significant dose reduction. However, the Sn100kVp spectrum is harder with lower contrast compared to 120kVp, resulting in lower calcium score values...
June 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550355/coronary-computed-tomography-angiography-using-128-slice-dual-source-computed-tomography-in-patients-with-severe-calcification
#18
Suguru Sato, Yosuke Horii, Norihiko Yoshimura, Takuya Yagi, Hidefumi Aoyama
PURPOSE: To compare coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) and coronary angiography (CAG) with regard to luminal graphic definition of calcified segments using 128-slice dual-source computed tomography (DSCT), specifically for patients with an Agatston score >400. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 1148 consecutive patients who underwent coronary CTA using a 128-slice DSCT, 132 subjects had severe calcification with an Agatston score >400. Thirty-nine of the 132 patients who had undergone CAG within 3 months before or after coronary CTA were included...
August 2017: Japanese Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529682/segmentations-of-the-cartilaginous-skeletons-of-chondrichthyan-fishes-by-the-use-of-state-of-the-art-computed-tomography
#19
Andrew D McQuiston, Callie Crawford, U Joseph Schoepf, Akos Varga-Szemes, Christian Canstein, Matthias Renker, Carlo N De Cecco, Stefan Baumann, Gavin J P Naylor
AIM: To apply dual-source multidetector computed tomography (DSCT) scanning technology in conjunction with computationally assisted segmentation in order to explore and document skeletal variation that has occurred over the course of evolution. METHODS: We examined 4 divergent species of elasmobranchs with high-resolution 3(rd) generation DSCT. The formalin prepared species examined were: Aptychotrema vincentiana, Mitsukurina owstoni, Negaprion brevirostris and Dactylobatus armatus...
April 28, 2017: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506470/coronary-ct-angiography-in-the-emergency-department-utilizing-second-and-third-generation-dual-source-ct
#20
Nandini M Meyersohn, Balint Szilveszter, Pedro V Staziaki, Jan-Erik Scholtz, Richard A P Takx, Udo Hoffmann, Brian B Ghoshhajra
BACKGROUND: Coronary computed tomography angiography (coronary CTA) allows efficient triage of low to intermediate risk patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in the emergency department (ED). Techniques for coronary CTA acquisition in the ED continue to evolve with the establishment of standardized scan protocols and the introduction of newer generations of CT hardware. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate qualitative and quantitative image quality and radiation dose exposure of coronary CTA acquired on 2nd versus 3rd generation dual source CT (DSCT) scanners using a standardized institutional scan protocol designed for the ED...
July 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
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