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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426643/incidence-and-trends-of-infections-with-pathogens-transmitted-commonly-through-food-and-the-effect-of-increasing-use-of-culture-independent-diagnostic-tests-on-surveillance-foodborne-diseases-active-surveillance-network-10-u-s-sites-2013-2016
#1
Ellyn P Marder, Paul R Cieslak, Alicia B Cronquist, John Dunn, Sarah Lathrop, Therese Rabatsky-Ehr, Patricia Ryan, Kirk Smith, Melissa Tobin-D'Angelo, Duc J Vugia, Shelley Zansky, Kristin G Holt, Beverly J Wolpert, Michael Lynch, Robert Tauxe, Aimee L Geissler
Foodborne diseases represent a substantial public health concern in the United States. CDC's Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) monitors cases reported from 10 U.S. sites* of laboratory-diagnosed infections caused by nine enteric pathogens commonly transmitted through food. This report describes preliminary surveillance data for 2016 on the nine pathogens and changes in incidences compared with 2013-2015. In 2016, FoodNet identified 24,029 infections, 5,512 hospitalizations, and 98 deaths caused by these pathogens...
April 21, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418290/invasive-nontuberculous-mycobacterial-infections-among-cardiothoracic-surgical-patients-exposed-to-heater-cooler-devices-1
#2
Meghan M Lyman, Cheri Grigg, Cara Bicking Kinsey, M Shannon Keckler, Heather Moulton-Meissner, Emily Cooper, Minn M Soe, Judith Noble-Wang, Allison Longenberger, Shane R Walker, Jeffrey R Miller, Joseph F Perz, Kiran M Perkins
Invasive nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) infections may result from a previously unrecognized source of transmission, heater-cooler devices (HCDs) used during cardiac surgery. In July 2015, the Pennsylvania Department of Health notified the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) about a cluster of NTM infections among cardiothoracic surgical patients at 1 hospital. We conducted a case-control study to identify exposures causing infection, examining 11 case-patients and 48 control-patients. Eight (73%) case-patients had a clinical specimen identified as Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC)...
May 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398681/population-based-pregnancy-and-birth-defects-surveillance-in-the-era-of-zika-virus
#3
Suzanne M Gilboa, Cara T Mai, Carrie K Shapiro-Mendoza, Janet D Cragan, Cynthia A Moore, Dana M Meaney-Delman, Denise J Jamieson, Margaret A Honein, Coleen A Boyle
BACKGROUND: Zika virus is a newly recognized human teratogen; monitoring its impact on the birth prevalence of microcephaly and other adverse pregnancy outcomes will continue to be an urgent need in the United States and worldwide. METHODS: When the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) activated the Emergency Operations Center for the Zika virus outbreak response in January of 2016, public health leadership recognized that a joint, coordinated effort was required between activities focused on the effects of the infection among pregnant women and those focused on birth defects in fetuses and infants...
March 15, 2017: Birth Defects Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376738/spatial-temporal-and-spatio-temporal-clusters-of-measles-incidence-at-the-county-level-in-guangxi-china-during-2004-2014-flexibly-shaped-scan-statistics
#4
Xianyan Tang, Alan Geater, Edward McNeil, Qiuyun Deng, Aihu Dong, Ge Zhong
BACKGROUND: Outbreaks of measles re-emerged in Guangxi province during 2013-2014, where measles again became a major public health concern. A better understanding of the patterns of measles cases would help in identifying high-risk areas and periods for optimizing preventive strategies, yet these patterns remain largely unknown. Thus, this study aimed to determine the patterns of measles clusters in space, time and space-time at the county level over the period 2004-2014 in Guangxi. METHODS: Annual data on measles cases and population sizes for each county were obtained from Guangxi CDC and Guangxi Bureau of Statistics, respectively...
April 4, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358796/yellow-fever-outbreak-kongo-central-province-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-august-2016
#5
John O Otshudiema, Nestor G Ndakala, Elande-Taty K Mawanda, Gaston P Tshapenda, Jacques M Kimfuta, Loupy-Régence N Nsibu, Abdou S Gueye, Jacob Dee, Rossanne M Philen, Coralie Giese, Christopher S Murrill, Ray R Arthur, Benoit I Kebela
On April 23, 2016, the Democratic Republic of the Congo's (DRC's) Ministry of Health declared a yellow fever outbreak. As of May 24, 2016, approximately 90% of suspected yellow fever cases (n = 459) and deaths (45) were reported in a single province, Kongo Central Province, that borders Angola, where a large yellow fever outbreak had begun in December 2015. Two yellow fever mass vaccination campaigns were conducted in Kongo Central Province during May 25-June 7, 2016 and August 17-28, 2016. In June 2016, the DRC Ministry of Health requested assistance from CDC to control the outbreak...
March 31, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333910/establishing-a-timeline-to-discontinue-routine-testing-of-asymptomatic-pregnant-women-for-zika-virus-infection-american-samoa-2016-2017
#6
W Thane Hancock, Heidi M Soeters, Susan L Hills, Ruth Link-Gelles, Mary E Evans, W Randolph Daley, Emily Piercefield, Magele Scott Anesi, Mary Aseta Mataia, Anaise M Uso, Benjamin Sili, Aifili John Tufa, Jacqueline Solaita, Elizabeth Irvin-Barnwell, Dana Meaney-Delman, Jason Wilken, Paul Weidle, Karrie-Ann E Toews, William Walker, Phillip M Talboy, William K Gallo, Nevin Krishna, Rebecca L Laws, Megan R Reynolds, Alaya Koneru, Carolyn V Gould
The first patients with laboratory-confirmed cases of Zika virus disease in American Samoa had symptom onset in January 2016 (1). In response, the American Samoa Department of Health (ASDoH) implemented mosquito control measures (1), strategies to protect pregnant women (1), syndromic surveillance based on electronic health record (EHR) reports (1), Zika virus testing of persons with one or more signs or symptoms of Zika virus disease (fever, rash, arthralgia, or conjunctivitis) (1-3), and routine testing of all asymptomatic pregnant women in accordance with CDC guidance (2,3)(...
March 24, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231235/near-real-time-surveillance-of-u-s-norovirus-outbreaks-by-the-norovirus-sentinel-testing-and-tracking-network-united-states-august-2009-july-2015
#7
Minesh P Shah, Mary E Wikswo, Leslie Barclay, Anita Kambhampati, Kayoko Shioda, Umesh D Parashar, Jan Vinjé, Aron J Hall
Norovirus is the leading cause of endemic and epidemic acute gastroenteritis in the United States (1). New variant strains of norovirus GII.4 emerge every 2-4 years (2-4) and are often associated with increased disease and health care visits (5-7). Since 2009, CDC has obtained epidemiologic data on norovirus outbreaks from state health departments through the National Outbreak Reporting System (NORS) (8) and laboratory data through CaliciNet (9). NORS is a web-based platform for reporting waterborne, foodborne, and enteric disease outbreaks of all etiologies, including norovirus, to CDC...
February 24, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220151/prioritizing-zoonotic-diseases-in-ethiopia-using-a-one-health-approach
#8
Emily G Pieracci, Aron J Hall, Radhika Gharpure, Abraham Haile, Elias Walelign, Asefa Deressa, Getahun Bahiru, Meron Kibebe, Henry Walke, Ermias Belay
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has the second largest human population in Africa and the largest livestock population on the continent. About 80% of Ethiopians are dependent on agriculture and have direct contact with livestock or other domestic animals. As a result, the country is vulnerable to the spread of zoonotic diseases. As the first step of the country's engagement in the Global Health Security Agenda, a zoonotic disease prioritization workshop was held to identify significant zoonotic diseases of mutual concern for animal and human health agencies...
December 2016: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166854/an-outbreak-of-burkholderia-cepacia-complex-infections-associated-with-contaminated-liquid-docusate
#9
Lucila Marquez, Katie N Jones, Elaine M Whaley, Tjin H Koy, Paula A Revell, Ruston S Taylor, M Brooke Bernhardt, Jeffrey L Wagner, James J Dunn, John J LiPuma, Judith R Campbell
OBJECTIVE To investigate an outbreak of Burkholderia cepacia complex and describe the measures that revealed the source. SETTING A 629-bed, tertiary-care, pediatric hospital in Houston, Texas. PATIENTS Pediatric patients without cystic fibrosis (CF) hospitalized in the pediatric and cardiovascular intensive care units. METHODS We investigated an outbreak of B. cepacia complex from February through July 2016. Isolates were evaluated for molecular relatedness with repetitive extragenic palindromic polymerase chain reaction (rep-PCR); specific species identification and genotyping were performed at an independent laboratory...
February 7, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103209/west-nile-virus-and-other-nationally-notifiable-arboviral-diseases-united-states-2015
#10
Elisabeth Krow-Lucal, Nicole P Lindsey, Jennifer Lehman, Marc Fischer, J Erin Staples
Arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) are transmitted to humans primarily through the bites of infected mosquitoes and ticks. The leading cause of domestically acquired arboviral disease in the United States is West Nile virus (WNV) (1). Other arboviruses, including La Crosse, St. Louis encephalitis, Jamestown Canyon, Powassan, and eastern equine encephalitis viruses, also cause sporadic cases and outbreaks. This report summarizes surveillance data reported to CDC in 2015 for nationally notifiable arboviruses...
January 20, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069087/active-surveillance-for-influenza-reduces-but-does-not-eliminate-hospital-exposure-to-patients-with-influenza
#11
Brenda L Coleman, Wil Ng, Vinaya Mahesh, Maja McGuire, Kazi Hassan, Karen Green, Shelly McNeil, Allison J McGeer, Kevin Katz
OBJECTIVE To describe the frequency, characteristics, and exposure associated with influenza in hospitalized patients in a Toronto hospital DESIGN/METHOD Prospective data collected for consenting patients with laboratory-confirmed influenza and a retrospective review of infection control charts for roommates of cases over 3 influenza seasons RESULTS Of the 661 patients with influenza (age range: 1 week-103 years), 557 were placed on additional precautions upon admission. Of 104 with symptoms detected after admission, 57 cases were community onset and 47 were nosocomial (10 nosocomial were part of outbreaks)...
January 10, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033312/outbreak-of-salmonella-oslo-infections-linked-to-persian-cucumbers-united-states-2016
#12
Lyndsay Bottichio, Carlota Medus, Alida Sorenson, Danielle Donovan, Reeti Sharma, Natasha Dowell, Ian Williams, Allison Wellman, Alikeh Jackson, Beth Tolar, Taylor Griswold, Colin Basler
In April 2016, PulseNet, the national molecular subtyping network for foodborne disease surveillance, detected a multistate cluster of Salmonella enterica serotype Oslo infections with an indistinguishable pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) pattern (XbaI PFGE pattern OSLX01.0090).* This PFGE pattern was new in the database; no previous infections or outbreaks have been identified. CDC, state and local health and agriculture departments and laboratories, and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) conducted epidemiologic, traceback, and laboratory investigations to identify the source of this outbreak...
December 30, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887599/how-severe-and-prevalent-are-ebola-and-marburg-viruses-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-case-fatality-rates-and-seroprevalence
#13
Luke Nyakarahuka, Clovice Kankya, Randi Krontveit, Benjamin Mayer, Frank N Mwiine, Julius Lutwama, Eystein Skjerve
BACKGROUND: Ebola and Marburg virus diseases are said to occur at a low prevalence, but are very severe diseases with high lethalities. The fatality rates reported in different outbreaks ranged from 24-100%. In addition, sero-surveys conducted have shown different seropositivity for both Ebola and Marburg viruses. We aimed to use a meta-analysis approach to estimate the case fatality and seroprevalence rates of these filoviruses, providing vital information for epidemic response and preparedness in countries affected by these diseases...
November 25, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833670/dengue-zika-and-chikungunya-emerging-arboviruses-in-the-new-world
#14
REVIEW
Jessica Patterson, Maura Sammon, Manish Garg
The arboviruses that cause dengue, chikungunya, and Zika illnesses have rapidly expanded across the globe in recent years, with large-scale outbreaks occurring in Western Hemisphere territories in close proximity to the United States (U.S.). In March 2016, the Centers for Disease Control and Protection (CDC) expanded its vector surveillance maps for A. aegypti and A. albopictus, the mosquito vectors for these arboviruses. They have now been shown to inhabit a larger portion of the U.S., including the heavily populated northeast corridor...
November 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795338/clinical-microbiology-laboratories-adoption-of-culture-independent-diagnostic-tests-is-a-threat-to-foodborne-disease-surveillance-in-the-united-states
#15
Shari Shea, Kristy A Kubota, Hugh Maguire, Stephen Gladbach, Amy Woron, Robyn Atkinson-Dunn, Marc Roger Couturier, Melissa B Miller
INTRODUCTIONIn November 2015, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) sent a letter to state and territorial epidemiologists, state and territorial public health laboratory directors, and state and territorial health officials. In this letter, culture-independent diagnostic tests (CIDTs) for detection of enteric pathogens were characterized as "a serious and current threat to public health surveillance, particularly for Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) and Salmonella" The document says CDC and its public health partners are approaching this issue, in part, by "reviewing regulatory authority in public health agencies to require culture isolates or specimen submission if CIDTs are used...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787493/outbreak-of-influenza-a-h3n2-variant-virus-infections-among-persons-attending-agricultural-fairs-housing-infected-swine-michigan-and-ohio-july-august-2016
#16
Rebekah S Schicker, John Rossow, Seth Eckel, Nicolas Fisher, Sally Bidol, Lilith Tatham, Janice Matthews-Greer, Kevin Sohner, Andrew S Bowman, James Avrill, Tony Forshey, Lenee Blanton, C Todd Davis, John Schiltz, Susan Skorupski, LaShondra Berman, Yunho Jang, Joseph S Bresee, Stephen Lindstrom, Susan C Trock, David Wentworth, Alicia M Fry, Sietske de Fijter, Kimberly Signs, Mary DiOrio, Sonja J Olsen, Matthew Biggerstaff
On August 3, 2016, the Ohio Department of Health Laboratory reported to CDC that a respiratory specimen collected on July 28 from a male aged 13 years who attended an agricultural fair in Ohio during July 22-29, 2016, and subsequently developed a respiratory illness, tested positive by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) for influenza A(H3N2) variant* (H3N2v). The respiratory specimen was collected as part of routine influenza surveillance activities. The next day, CDC was notified of a child aged 9 years who was a swine exhibitor at an agricultural fair in Michigan who became ill on July 29, 2016, and tested positive for H3N2v virus at the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services Laboratory...
October 28, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764076/notes-from-the-field-outbreak-of-zika-virus-disease-american-samoa-2016
#17
Jessica M Healy, M Catherine Burgess, Tai-Ho Chen, W Thane Hancock, Karrie-Ann E Toews, Magele Scott Anesi, Ray T Tulafono, Mary Aseta Mataia, Benjamin Sili, Jacqueline Solaita, A Christian Whelen, Rebecca Sciulli, Remedios B Gose, Vasiti Uluiviti, Morgan Hennessey, Fara Utu, Motusa Tuileama Nua, Marc Fischer
During December 2015-January 2016, the American Samoa Department of Health (ASDoH) detected through surveillance an increase in the number of cases of acute febrile rash illness. Concurrently, a case of laboratory-confirmed Zika virus infection, a mosquito-borne flavivirus infection documented to cause microcephaly and other severe brain defects in some infants born to women infected during pregnancy (1,2) was reported in a traveler returning to New Zealand from American Samoa. In the absence of local laboratory capacity to test for Zika virus, ASDoH initiated arboviral disease control measures, including public education and vector source reduction campaigns...
October 21, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736836/surveillance-for-silicosis-michigan-and-new-jersey-2003-2011
#18
Patricia L Schleiff, Jacek M Mazurek, Mary Jo Reilly, Kenneth D Rosenman, Martha B Yoder, Margaret E Lumia, Karen Worthington
CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), state health departments, and other state entities maintain a state-based surveillance program of confirmed silicosis cases. Data on confirmed cases are collected and compiled by state entities and submitted to CDC. This report summarizes information for cases of silicosis that were reported to CDC for 2003-2011 by Michigan and New Jersey, the only states that continue to provide data voluntarily to NIOSH. The data for this report were final as of January 8, 2015...
October 14, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736835/blood-lead-levels-in-children-aged-5-years-united-states-2007-2013
#19
Jaime Raymond, Mary Jean Brown
This report provides data concerning childhood blood lead levels (BLLs) in the United States during 2007-2013. These data were collected and compiled from raw data extracts sent by state and local health departments to CDC's Childhood Blood Lead Surveillance (CBLS) system. These raw data extracts have been de-identified and coded into a format specifically for childhood lead reporting. The numbers of children aged <5 years reported to CDC for 2013 with newly confirmed BLLs ≥10 µg/dL are provided in tabular form by month (Table 1) and geographic location (Table 2)...
October 14, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736832/foodborne-1973-2013-and-waterborne-1971-2013-disease-outbreaks-united-states
#20
Daniel Dewey-Mattia, Virginia A Roberts, Antonio Vieira, Kathleen E Fullerton
CDC collects data on foodborne and waterborne disease outbreaks reported by all U.S. states and territories through the Foodborne Disease Outbreak Surveillance System (FDOSS) (http://www.cdc.gov/foodsafety/fdoss/surveillance/index.html) and the Waterborne Disease and Outbreak Surveillance System (WBDOSS) http://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/surveillance), respectively. These two systems are the primary source of national data describing the number of reported outbreaks; outbreak-associated illnesses, hospitalizations, and deaths; etiologic agents; water source or implicated foods; settings of exposure; and other factors associated with recognized foodborne and waterborne disease outbreaks in the United States...
October 14, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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