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Mike English

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021979/everybody-brush-consumer-satisfaction-with-a-tooth-decay-prevention-program
#1
Joana Cunha-Cruz, Colleen E Huebner, Sharity Ludwig, Jeanne Dysert, Melissa Mitchell, Gary Allen, R Mike Shirtcliff, JoAnna M Scott, Peter Milgrom
INTRODUCTION: Twice-daily caregiver-supervised toothbrushing with fluoridated toothpaste is an effective and widely recommended strategy to prevent tooth decay in children. Qualitative research suggests that low-income caregivers know the recommendation but would benefit from toothbrushing supplies and advice about how to introduce this health behavior especially as the child becomes older and asserts autonomy to do it "myself." Our objective is to assess consumer satisfaction with the evidence-based theory-informed campaign and usefulness of materials that were home delivered...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982824/are-survival-and-mortality-rates-associated-with-recruitment-to-clinical-trials-in-teenage-and-young-adult-patients-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukaemia-a-retrospective-observational-analysis-in-england
#2
Rachael Hough, Sabrina Sandhu, Maria Khan, Anthony Moran, Richard Feltbower, Charles Stiller, Mike C G Stevens, Clare Rowntree, Ajay Vora, Martin G McCabe
OBJECTIVE: Participation rates in clinical trials are low in teenagers and young adults (TYA) with cancer. Whilst the importance of clinical trials in informing best practice is well established, data regarding individual patient benefit are scarce. We have investigated the association between overall survival and trial recruitment in TYA patients with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). DESIGN: Retrospective. SETTING: National (England) TYA patients treated for ALL...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980833/handling-missing-data-in-propensity-score-estimation-in-comparative-effectiveness-evaluations-a-systematic-review
#3
Lucas Malla, Rafael Perera-Salazar, Emily McFadden, Morris Ogero, Kasia Stepniewska, Mike English
AIM: Even though systematic reviews have examined how aspects of propensity score methods are used, none has reviewed how the challenge of missing data is addressed with these methods. This review therefore describes how missing data are addressed with propensity score methods in observational comparative effectiveness studies. METHODS: Published articles on observational comparative effectiveness studies were extracted from MEDLINE and EMBASE databases. RESULTS: Our search yielded 167 eligible articles...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961937/trade-offs-between-seed-and-leaf-size-seed-phytomer-leaf-theory-functional-glue-linking-regenerative-with-life-history-strategies-%C3%A2-and-taxonomy-with-ecology
#4
John G Hodgson, Bianca A Santini, Gabriel Montserrat Marti, Ferran Royo Pla, Glynis Jones, Amy Bogaard, Mike Charles, Xavier Font, Mohammed Ater, Abdelkader Taleb, Peter Poschlod, Younes Hmimsa, Carol Palmer, Peter J Wilson, Stuart R Band, Amy Styring, Charlotte Diffey, Laura Green, Erika Nitsch, Elizabeth Stroud, Angel Romo-Díez, Lluis de Torres Espuny, Gemma Warham
Background and Aims: While the 'worldwide leaf economics spectrum' (Wright IJ, Reich PB, Westoby M, et al. 2004. The worldwide leaf economics spectrum. Nature : 821-827) defines mineral nutrient relationships in plants, no unifying functional consensus links size attributes. Here, the focus is upon leaf size, a much-studied plant trait that scales positively with habitat quality and components of plant size. The objective is to show that this wide range of relationships is explicable in terms of a seed-phytomer-leaf (SPL) theoretical model defining leaf size in terms of trade-offs involving the size, growth rate and number of the building blocks (phytomers) of which the young shoot is constructed...
July 27, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942732/is-graves-disease-a-primary-immunodeficiency-new-immunological-perspectives-on-an-endocrine-disease
#5
REVIEW
Tristan Struja, Alexander Kutz, Stefan Fischli, Christian Meier, Beat Mueller, Mike Recher, Philipp Schuetz
BACKGROUND: Uncertainty about factors influencing the susceptibility and triggers for Graves' disease persists, along with a wide variation in the response to anti-thyroid drugs, currently at approximately 50% of non-responders. The aim of this narrative review is to summarize immunological concepts, with a combined endocrine and immunological perspective, to highlight potential new areas of research. MAIN TEXT: Relevant studies were identified through a systematic literature search using the PubMed and EMBASE databases in March 2016...
September 25, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928185/comparative-effectiveness-of-injectable-penicillin-versus-a-combination-of-penicillin-and-gentamicin-in-children-with-pneumonia-characterised-by-indrawing-in-kenya-protocol-for-an-observational-study
#6
Lucas Malla, Rafael Perera-Salazar, Emily McFadden, Mike English
INTRODUCTION: WHO treatment guidelines are widely recommended for guiding treatment for millions of children with pneumonia every year across multiple low-income and middle-income countries. Guidelines are based on synthesis of available evidence that provides moderate certainty in evidence of effects for forms of pneumonia that can result in hospitalisation. However, trials have included fewer children from Africa than other settings, and it is suggested that African children with pneumonia have higher mortality...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890264/breastfeeding-is-associated-with-higher-retention-in-wic-after-age-1
#7
Shannon E Whaley, Mike Whaley, Lauren E Au, Klara Gurzo, Lorrene D Ritchie
OBJECTIVE: Examine factors associated with retention on the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) after 1 year of age. SETTING: A large California WIC program. PARTICIPANTS: WIC participants 14 months old (9,632) between July and September, 2016. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Recertification in WIC by 14 months of age. ANALYSIS: Multivariate logistic regression was performed and odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were computed to examine factors associated with child retention in WIC at age 14 months...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877729/effect-of-enhanced-feedback-to-hospitals-that-are-part-of-an-emerging-clinical-information-network-on-uptake-of-revised-childhood-pneumonia-treatment-policy-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#8
Philip Ayieko, Grace Irimu, Mike English
BACKGROUND: The national pneumonia treatment guidelines in Kenya changed in February 2016 but such guideline changes are often characterized by prolonged delays in affecting practice. We designed an enhanced feedback intervention, delivered within an ongoing clinical network that provides a general form of feedback, aimed at improving and sustaining uptake of the revised pneumonia treatment policy. The objective was to determine whether an enhanced feedback intervention will improve correctness of classification and treatment of childhood pneumonia, compared to an existing approach to feedback, after nationwide treatment policy change and within an existing hospital network...
September 7, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870096/major-health-service-transformation-and-the-public-voice-conflict-challenge-or-complicity
#9
Graham P Martin, Pam Carter, Mike Dent
Objectives Calls for major reconfigurations of health services have been accompanied by recommendations that wide ranging stakeholders be involved. In particular, patients and the wider public are seen as critical contributors as both funders and beneficiaries of public health care. But public involvement is fraught with challenges, and little research has focused on involvement in the health service transformation initiatives. This paper examines the design and function of public involvement in reconfiguration of health services within the English NHS...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728212/men-s-information-seeking-behavior-regarding-cancer-risk-and-screening-a-meta-narrative-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Mohamad M Saab, Mary Reidy, Josephine Hegarty, Mairin O'Mahony, Mike Murphy, Christian Von Wagner, Frances J Drummond
OBJECTIVE: Preventive strategies are known to reduce cancer risk and incidence and improve prognosis. Men seldom seek medical information about cancer prevention and risk reduction. The aim of this meta-narrative systematic review was to critically appraise evidence from qualitative, quantitative, and mixed-methods studies that explored men's information-seeking behaviors in relation to cancer prevention and risk reduction. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL Plus with Full Text, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection, Education Full Text, and ERIC were systematically searched for studies published in English between January 1, 2006 and May 30, 2016...
July 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697787/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-of-the-impact-of-health-related-claims-on-dietary-choices
#11
REVIEW
Asha Kaur, Peter Scarborough, Mike Rayner
BACKGROUND: Health-related claims are statements regarding the nutritional content of a food (nutrition claims) and/or indicate that a relationship exists between a food and a health outcome (health claims). Their impact on food purchasing or consumption decisions is unclear. This systematic review measured the effect of health-related claims, on pre-packaged foods in retail settings, on adult purchasing decisions (real and perceived). METHODS: In September 2016, we searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsychINFO, CAB abstracts, Business Source Complete, and Web of Science/Science Citation Index & Social Science Citation Index for articles in English published in peer-review journals...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662639/equitable-resourcing-of-primary-health-care-in-remote-communities-in-australia-s-northern-territory-a-pilot-study
#12
John Wakerman, Lisa Sparrow, Susan L Thomas, John S Humphreys, Mike Jones
BACKGROUND: Improved Primary Health Care (PHC) utilisation is central to reducing the unacceptable morbidity and mortality rates characterising populations living in remote communities. Despite poorer health, significant inequity characterises the funding of PHC services in Australia's most remote areas. This pilot study sought to ascertain what funding is required to ensure equitable access to sustainable, high quality primary health care irrespective of geographical remoteness of communities...
June 29, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615216/emergency-response-facilities-including-primary-and-secondary-prevention-strategies-across-79-professional-football-clubs-in-england
#13
Aneil Malhotra, Harshil Dhutia, Sabiha Gati, Tee-Joo Yeo, Gherardo Finocchiaro, Tracey Keteepe-Arachi, Thomas Richards, Mike Walker, Robin Birt, David Stuckey, Laurence Robinson, Maite Tome, Ian Beasley, Michael Papadakis, Sanjay Sharma
AIM: To assess the emergency response planning and prevention strategies for sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) across a wide range of professional football clubs in England. METHODS: A written survey was sent to all professional clubs in the English football league, namely the Premiership, Championship, League 1 and League 2. Outcomes included: (1) number of clubs performing cardiac screening and frequency of screening; (2) emergency planning and documentation; (3) automated external defibrillator (AED) training and availability; and (4) provision of emergency services at sporting venues...
June 14, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598316/how-do-the-epidemiology-of-paediatric-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-and-methicillin-susceptible-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteraemia-differ
#14
Julia Abernethy, Mike Sharland, Alan P Johnson, Russell Hope
PURPOSE: To examine whether the epidemiology of bacteraemia caused by methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) differed in children aged <1 year and in comparison to older age groups. METHODOLOGY: English mandatory MRSA and MSSA surveillance data from 2006 and 2011, respectively, were collected. Epidemiological information was descriptively analysed in relation to methicillin susceptibility and patient age...
June 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584069/developing-guidelines-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-lessons-from-kenya
#15
Mike English, Grace Irimu, Rachel Nyamai, Fred Were, Paul Garner, Newton Opiyo
There are few examples of sustained nationally organised, evidence-informed clinical guidelines development processes in Sub-Saharan Africa. We describe the evolution of efforts from 2005 to 2015 to support evidence-informed decision making to guide admission hospital care practices in Kenya. The approach to conduct reviews, present evidence, and structure and promote transparency of consensus-based procedures for making recommendations improved over four distinct rounds of policy making. Efforts to engage important voices extended from government and academia initially to include multiple professional associations, regulators and practitioners...
September 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494799/a-systematic-review-of-electronic-audit-and-feedback-intervention-effectiveness-and-use-of-behaviour-change-theory
#16
REVIEW
Timothy Tuti, Jacinta Nzinga, Martin Njoroge, Benjamin Brown, Niels Peek, Mike English, Chris Paton, Sabine N van der Veer
BACKGROUND: Audit and feedback is a common intervention for supporting clinical behaviour change. Increasingly, health data are available in electronic format. Yet, little is known regarding if and how electronic audit and feedback (e-A&F) improves quality of care in practice. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to assess the effectiveness of e-A&F interventions in a primary care and hospital context and to identify theoretical mechanisms of behaviour change underlying these interventions...
May 12, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381208/variation-in-and-risk-factors-for-paediatric-inpatient-all-cause-mortality-in-a-low-income-setting-data-from-an-emerging-clinical-information-network
#17
David Gathara, Lucas Malla, Philip Ayieko, Stella Karuri, Rachel Nyamai, Grace Irimu, Michael Boele van Hensbroek, Elizabeth Allen, Mike English
BACKGROUND: Hospital mortality data can inform planning for health interventions and may help optimize resource allocation if they are reliable and appropriately interpreted. However such data are often not available in low income countries including Kenya. METHODS: Data from the Clinical Information Network covering 12 county hospitals' paediatric admissions aged 2-59 months for the periods September 2013 to March 2015 were used to describe mortality across differing contexts and to explore whether simple clinical characteristics used to classify severity of illness in common treatment guidelines are consistently associated with inpatient mortality...
April 5, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348797/acute-influenza-virus-associated-encephalitis-and-encephalopathy-in-adults-a-challenging-diagnosis
#18
Wouter J Meijer, Francisca H H Linn, Anne M J Wensing, Helen L Leavis, Debby van Riel, Corine H GeurtsvanKessel, Mike P Wattjes, Jean-Luc Murk
Background: Acute influenza-associated encephalopathy/encephalitis (IAE) in adults is a rare but well-known complication of influenza virus infection. The diagnosis is difficult to make due to the absence of distinctive clinical symptoms and validated diagnostic criteria. We present an illustrative case and a case review on acute IAE in adults. Methods: We performed a Medline search of the English literature using the terms influenz*, encephal* and adult, and constructed a database of detailed descriptions of patients with influenza virus infection with influenza-like symptoms at the onset of neurological symptoms...
December 2016: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343350/an-exploration-of-differences-between-japan-and-two-european-countries-in-the-self-reporting-and-valuation-of-pain-and-discomfort-on-the-eq-5d
#19
Yan Feng, Mike Herdman, Floortje van Nooten, Charles Cleeland, David Parkin, Shunya Ikeda, Ataru Igarashi, Nancy J Devlin
PURPOSE: To investigate the systematic differences in the self-reporting and valuation of overall health and, in particular, pain/discomfort between three countries (England/UK, Japan, and Spain) on the EQ-5D. METHODS: Existing datasets were used to explore differences in responses on the EQ-5D descriptive system between Japan (3L and 5L), the UK (3L), England (5L), and Spain (5L), particularly on the dimension of pain/discomfort. The role of different EQ dimensions in determining self-reported overall health scores for the EuroQol visual analog scale (EQ-VAS) was investigated using ordinary least squares regression...
August 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263752/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-postpartum-care-and%C3%A2-contraception-in-california-s-medicaid-program
#20
Heike Thiel de Bocanegra, Monica Braughton, Mary Bradsberry, Mike Howell, Julia Logan, Eleanor Bimla Schwarz
BACKGROUND: Considerable racial and ethnic disparities have been identified in maternal and infant health in the United States, and access to postpartum care likely contributes to these disparities. Contraception is an important component of postpartum care that helps women and their families achieve optimal interpregnancy intervals and avoid rapid repeat pregnancies and preterm births. National quality measurements to assess postpartum contraception are being developed and piloted. OBJECTIVE: To assess racial/ethnic variation in receipt of postpartum care and contraception among low-income women in California...
July 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
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