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craniofacial pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898256/comparative-study-of-the-physiotherapeutic-and-drug-protocol-and-low-level-laser-irradiation-in-the-treatment-of-pain-associated-with-temporomandibular-dysfunction
#1
Marcos Fernando Xisto Braga Cavalcanti, Uoston Holder Silva, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior, Rodrigo A B Lopes-Martins, Rodrigo Labat Marcos, Rodney Capp Pallotta, Francesca Diomede, Oriana Trubiani, Natalia De Isla, Lucio Frigo
BACKGROUND: The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a structure of the craniofacial complex affected by neurological diseases. Orthopedic and musculoskeletal changes can also cause temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and pain. Low-level laser (LLL) therapy has been studied in the treatment of temporomandibular jaw (TMJ) dysfunction, and controversial results were obtained. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work was comparing the physiotherapeutic and drug protocol (PDP) to LLL therapy in the treatment of pain associated with TMD...
November 29, 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857528/mccune-albright-syndrome-association-of-fibrous-dysplasia-caf%C3%A3-au-lait-skin-spots-and-hyperthyroidism-case-report
#2
Iulian Raus, Roxana Elena Coroiu
McCune-Albright syndrome is a rare sporadic disease characterized by bone fibrous dysplasia, café-au-lait skin spots and a variable association of hyperfunctional endocrine disorders. Fibrous dysplasia (FD), which can involve the craniofacial, axial, and appendicular skeleton, may range from an isolated, asymptomatic monostotic lesion to a severe disabling polyostotic disease involving the entire skeleton. A twenty-five-year old male patient presented to our clinic with recently developed heart palpitations...
2016: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830925/headache-low-back-pain-other-nociceptive-and-mixed-pain-conditions-in-neurorehabilitation-evidence-and-recommendations-from-the-italian-consensus-conference-on-pain-in-neurorehabilitation
#3
Alessandro Picelli, Maria G Buzzi, Carlo Cisari, Marialuisa Gandolfi, Daniele Porru, Silvia Bonadiman, Annalisa Brugnera, Roberto Carone, Rosanna Cerbo, Ubaldo Del Carro, Raffaele Gimigliano, Marco Invernizzi, Danilo Miotti, Rossella Nappi, Stefano Negrini, Vittorio Schweiger, Cristina Tassorelli, Stefano Tamburin
Pain is a disabling symptom and is often the foremost symptom of conditions for which patients undergo neurorehabilitation. We systematically searched the PubMed and Embase electronic databases for current evidence on the frequency, evolution, predictors, assessment, and pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment of pain in patients with headache, craniofacial pain, low back pain, failed back surgery syndrome, osteoarticular pain, myofascial pain syndrome, fibromyalgia, and chronic pelvic pain. Despite the heterogeneity of published data, consensus was reached on pain assessment and management of patients with these conditions and on the utility of a multidisciplinary approach to pain therapy that combines the benefits of pharmacological therapy, physiotherapy, neurorehabilitation, and psychotherapy...
November 10, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812883/chronic-temporomandibular-disorders-disability-pain-intensity-and-fear-of-movement
#4
Alfonso Gil-Martínez, Mónica Grande-Alonso, Ibai López-de-Uralde-Villanueva, Almudena López-López, Josué Fernández-Carnero, Roy La Touche
BACKGROUND: The objective was to compare and correlate disability, pain intensity, the impact of headache on daily life and the fear of movement between subgroups of patients with chronic temporomandibular disorder (TMD). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in patients diagnosed with chronic painful TMD. Patients were divided into: 1) joint pain (JP); 2) muscle pain (MP); and 3) mixed pain. The following measures were included: Craniomandibular pain and disability (Craniofacial pain and disability inventory), neck disability (Neck Dsiability Index), pain intensity (Visual Analogue Scale), impact of headache (Headache Impact Test 6) and kinesiophobia (Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia-11)...
December 2016: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797795/cemento-ossifying-fibroma-of-mandible-mimicking-complex-composite-odontome
#5
Hitesh Sudarshan Dewan, Sudarshan Kumar Dewan, Sumit Bahl, Parth Tushar Parekh
Cemento-ossifying fibroma (COF) is a fibro-osseous lesion or non-odontogenic tumour that affects craniofacial bones. These lesions are included in the spectrum of fibro-osseous lesions arising from periodontal ligament cells, which can deposit combination of cementum and bone surrounded by fibrous tissue. It clinically, macroscopically and radiologically resembles complex composite odontome and can be differentiated only on the basis of histopathology. They usually occur solitarily as a painless and expansile spherical or ovoid jawbone mass that may displace the roots of adjacent teeth...
October 19, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747122/use-of-zoledronic-acid-in-paediatric-craniofacial-fibrous-dysplasia
#6
Chiara Di Pede, Sabrina Congedi, Sara Rossin, Antuan Divisic, Alesandra De Gregorio, Caterina Agosto, Igor Catalano, Alessandro Mazza, Leonardo Sartori, Stefano Masiero, Franca Benini
We describe a case of a paediatric patient affected by mandibular fibrous dysplasia (FD) with severe and chronic pain who was successfully treated with zoledronic acid (ZOL): a third-generation bisphosphonate. Further research is needed to assess its safety and efficacy as a treatment option for FD in the paediatric population.
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744472/-classification-of-pain-in-the-orofacial-and-craniofacial-regions
#7
R S G M Perez
Pain is a multidimensional, subjective phenomenon that can only be understood within the context of an individual operating in a specific environment. As a consequence, it is difficult from an objective standpoint to satisfy the established criteria for classification. In general, it is the case that available classification systems can only partially capture pain in all of its complexity. There are various general and specific classification systems. In 2017, the International Classification of Diseases will be complemented with classification possibilities related to chronic pain...
October 2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716739/the-effect-of-a-functional-appliance-in-the-management-of-temporomandibular-joint-disorders-in-patients-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#8
Gaetano Isola, Luca Ramaglia, Giancarlo Cordasco, Alessandra Lucchese, Luca Fiorillo, Giovanni Matarese
BACKGROUND: Patients affected by Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) may have several craniofacial growth disturbances and involvements at the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of functional therapy used to reduce asymmetry of mandibular growth and TMJ disorder in patients with JIA. METHODS: By a retrospective longitudinal design, a cohort of 54 patients with JIA (mean age, 13.2 ± 3.7 years; range, 5-17...
September 13, 2016: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702909/transcriptome-analysis-of-trigeminal-ganglia-following-masseter-muscle-inflammation-in-rats
#9
Man-Kyo Chung, Jennifer Park, Jamila Asgar, Jin Y Ro
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain in masticatory muscles is a major medical problem. Although mechanisms underlying persistent pain in masticatory muscles are not fully understood, sensitization of nociceptive primary afferents following muscle inflammation or injury contributes to muscle hyperalgesia. It is well known that craniofacial muscle injury or inflammation induces regulation of multiple genes in trigeminal ganglia, which is associated with muscle hyperalgesia. However, overall transcriptional profiles within trigeminal ganglia following masseter inflammation have not yet been determined...
2016: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702404/-fibrous-dysplasia-a-heterogeneous-disease
#10
B C J Majoor, N M Appelman-Dijkstra, M A J van de Sande, H M Kroon, N A T Hamdy, P D S Dijkstra
Fibrous dysplasia is a rare genetic bone disorder with a wide variation in clinical expression, ranging from asymptomatic patients to severely affected patients with extensive bone disease, pain, repetitive fractures and deformities and serious endocrinological symptoms (McCune-Albright syndrome). Here, we report on three different cases of fibrous dysplasia. First, a 46-year-old woman with a small solitary lesion in the proximal femur. Second, a 25-year-old man with polyostotic disease of the left leg who received both surgical and medical treatment...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701494/craniofacial-pain-can-be-the-sole-prodromal-symptom-of-an-acute-myocardial-infarction-an-interdisciplinary-study
#11
Marcelo Kreiner, Ramón Álvarez, Virginia Michelis, Anders Waldenström, Annika Isberg
We recently found craniofacial pain to be the sole symptom of an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in 4% of patients. We hypothesized that this scenario is also true for symptoms of prodromal (pre-infarction) angina. We studied 326 consecutive patients who experienced myocardial ischemia. Intra-individual variability analyses with respect to ECG findings and pain characteristics were performed for those 150 patients who experienced at least one recurrent ischemic episode. AMI patients (n=113) were categorized into two subgroups: "abrupt onset" (n=81) and "prodromal angina" (n=32)...
April 2016: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694791/cancer-and-orofacial-pain
#12
M Romero-Reyes, D Salvemini
BACKGROUND: Cancer pain is a devastating condition. Pain in the orofacial region, may be present as the single symptom of cancer or as a symptom of cancer in its later stages. This manuscript revises in a comprehensive manner the content of the conference entitled "Orofacial Pain and Cancer" (Dolor Orofacial y Cancer) given at the VI Simposio International "Advances in Oral Cancer" on the 22 July, 2016 in San Sebastioan-Donostia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We have reviewed (pubmed-medline) from the most relevant literature including reviews, systematic reviews and clinical cases, the significant and evidence-based mechanisms and mediators of cancer-associated facial pain, the diverse types of cancers that can be present in the craniofacial region locally or from distant sites that can refer to the orofacial region, cancer therapy that may induce pain in the orofacial region as well as discussed some of the new advancements in cancer pain therapy...
November 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676673/ultrasound-guided-intermediate-site-greater-occipital-nerve-infiltration-a-technical-feasibility-study
#13
Jonathan Zipfel, Adrian Kastler, Laurent Tatu, Julien Behr, Rachid Kechidi, Bruno Kastler
BACKGROUND: Two studies recently reported that computed tomography (CT) guided infiltration of the greater occipital nerve at its intermediate site allows a high efficacy rate with long-lasting pain relief following procedure in occipital neuralgia and in various craniofacial pain syndromes. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to evaluate the technical feasibility and safety of ultrasound-guided intermediate site greater occipital nerve infiltration. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study...
September 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662470/comorbidities-of-chronic-facial-pain-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#14
Steven R Olmos
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article explains the high comorbidity of craniofacial pain (chronic face pain, temporomandibular disorders, and primary headaches) with obstructive sleep breathing disorders and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). It is recommended that physicians treating OSA should be aware of the concurrent chronic pain that affects the quality of sleep, and also dentists treating chronic pain be aware of a sleep breathing origin so that proper reciprocal referrals be made for optimal patient treatment outcome...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649526/outcome-of-long-term-bisphosphonate-therapy-in-mccune-albright-syndrome-and-polyostotic-fibrous-dysplasia
#15
Bas Cj Majoor, Natasha M Appelman-Dijkstra, Martha Fiocco, Michiel Aj van de Sande, Pd Sander Dijkstra, Neveen At Hamdy
McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS) is a rare bone disorder characterized by fibrous dysplasia (FD), endocrinopathies, and café-au-lait patches. FD patients have been shown to respond favorably to treatment with bisphosphonates, but data are scarce in the more severe polyostotic form (PFD), including MAS, and factors determining treatment outcome are not known, particularly in the long-term. We evaluated the biochemical (bone turnover markers [BTMs]) and clinical (pain reduction) outcome of bisphosphonate therapy in 11 patients with MAS and 30 patients with PFD: median duration of treatment 6 years (range, 2 to 25 years)...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639822/significance-and-implications-of-patient-reported-xerostomia-in-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-findings-from-the-national-institutes-of-health-cohort
#16
Monisha Billings, Bruce A Dye, Timothy Iafolla, Alan N Baer, Margaret Grisius, Ilias Alevizos
BACKGROUND: Xerostomia is a chief complaint of patients with Sjögren's syndrome (SS). However, newer proposals for SS classification remove xerostomia and hyposalivation from the criteria list. Given these developments and the importance of patient-centered research outcomes, we sought to evaluate the utility of patient-reported xerostomia with implications for classification criteria, and clinical trials targeting SS treatment modalities. METHODS: A nested case-control study was designed within The National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research/National Institutes of Health (NIDCR/NIH) SS Cohort - one of the largest SS cohorts in the US...
September 9, 2016: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574672/the-molecular-basis-of-hypertrophic-scars
#17
REVIEW
Zhensen Zhu, Jie Ding, Edward E Tredget
Hypertrophic scars (HTS) are caused by dermal injuries such as trauma and burns to the deep dermis, which are red, raised, itchy and painful. They can cause cosmetic disfigurement or contractures if craniofacial areas or mobile region of the skin are affected. Abnormal wound healing with more extracellular matrix deposition than degradation will result in HTS formation. This review will introduce the physiology of wound healing, dermal HTS formation, treatment and difference with keloids in the skin, and it also review the current advance of molecular basis of HTS including the involvement of cytokines, growth factors, and macrophages via chemokine pathway, to bring insights for future prevention and treatment of HTS...
2016: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27520360/removal-of-symptomatic-titanium-fixation-plates-after-craniotomy
#18
Raghav Gupta, Nimer Adeeb, Christoph J Griessenauer, Justin M Moore, Apar S Patel, Ajith J Thomas, Christopher S Ogilvy
INTRODUCTION: Titanium fixation plates are routinely used for rigid fixation of bone flaps after craniotomy. In craniofacial surgery or after craniotomy involving orbitozygomatic osteotomies, these plates are occasionally removed because of infection, pain, protrusion, soft tissue erosion, and plate malfunction. However, plate removal because of pain and protrusion after craniotomy without orbitozygomatic osteotomy has rarely been reported. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent removal of cranial fixation plates after craniotomy, performed by the senior authors at one institution between 2014 and 2016, was conducted...
October 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27505993/headache-and-jaw-locking-comorbidity-with-daytime-sleepiness
#19
Steven R Olmos, Franklin Garcia-Godoy, Timothy L Hottel, Nhu Quynh T Tran
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between craniofacial pain symptoms (painful conditions present in the cranium and face, including jaw joint-related pathology and primary headache conditions) and daytime sleepiness, determined by the Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS), to correlate comorbidity as well as potential predictive factors. METHODS: 1,171 patients seeking care for chronic pain and/or sleep-related breathing disorders (SRBDs) at 11 international treatment centers were included in the study...
June 2016: American Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493082/fibrous-dysplasia-of-bone-craniofacial-and-dental-implications
#20
Andrea Burke, Michael T Collins, Alison M Boyce
Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a rare bone disease caused by postzygotic somatic activating mutations in the GNAS gene, which lead to constitutive activation of adenylyl cyclase, and elevated levels of cyclic AMP, which act on downstream signaling pathways, and cause normal bone to be replaced with fibrous tissue and abnormal (woven) bone. The bone disease may occur in one bone (monostotic), multiple bones (polyostotic), or in combination with hyperfunctioning endocrinopathies and hyperpigmented skin lesions (in the setting of McCune-Albright Syndrome)...
August 5, 2016: Oral Diseases
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