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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644749/breakfast-lunch-and-dinner
#1
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June 2017: Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640061/intermittent-standing-but-not-a-moderate-exercise-bout-reduces-postprandial-glycaemia
#2
Fabiana B Benatti, Sidsel A Larsen, Katja Kofoed, Signe T Nielsen, Nina M Harder-Lauridsen, Mark P Lyngbæk, Dorte Eriksen, Kristian Karstoft, Rikke Krogh-Madsen, Bente K Pedersen, Mathias Ried-Larsen
PURPOSE: To determine if minimum recommended moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA; 30-min bout of continuous moderate-intensity walking) is sufficient to counteract the detrimental effects of prolonged sitting on postprandial metabolism and if there are any effects of breaking up sitting with intermittent standing when achieving minimum recommended MVPA. METHODS: Fourteen (n=14) physically inactive healthy adult males underwent four intra-hospital 27-h interventions: 9-h continuous sitting (SIT); 15-min standing bouts every 30 min during the 9-h sitting (STAND); 30-min moderate-intensity walking bout followed by 8...
June 21, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636519/how-we-eat-may-be-as-important-as-what-we-eat-eating-behaviour-and-heart-rate-variability
#3
Mehmet Emre Ozpelit, Ebru Ozpelit
Objective Diet exerts a crucial role on cardiovascular health. Evidence is mainly based on the content and the amount of dietary intakes. Some recent reports demonstrated that eating behaviour may also be of significant importance in cardiovascular health. In this study we aimed to investigate the effects of eating behaviour on heart rate variability (HRV) in healthy subjects. Methods and results In total, 521 healthy subjects with 24-hour Holter ECG recordings filled out a special questionnaire about their eating behaviour and lifestyles...
March 30, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635334/timing-of-food-intake-during-simulated-night-shift-impacts-glucose-metabolism-a-controlled-study
#4
Crystal L Grant, Alison M Coates, Jillian Dorrian, David J Kennaway, Gary A Wittert, Leonie K Heilbronn, Maja Pajcin, Chris Della Vedova, Charlotte C Gupta, Siobhan Banks
Eating during the night may increase the risk for obesity and type 2 diabetes in shift workers. This study examined the impact of either eating or not eating a meal at night on glucose metabolism. Participants underwent four nights of simulated night work (SW1-4, 16:00-10:00 h, <50 lux) with a daytime sleep opportunity each day (10:00-16:00 h, <3 lux). Healthy males were assigned to an eating at night (NE; n = 4, meals; 07:00, 19:00 and 01:30 h) or not eating at night (NEN; n = 7, meals; 07:00 h, 09:30, 16:10 and 19:00 h) condition...
June 21, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635107/new-space-time-metaphors-foster-new-nonlinguistic-representations
#5
Rose K Hendricks, Lera Boroditsky
What is the role of language in constructing knowledge? In this article, we ask whether learning new relational language can create new ways of thinking. In Experiment 1, we taught English speakers to talk about time using new vertical linguistic metaphors, saying things like "breakfast is above dinner" or "breakfast is below dinner" (depending on condition). In Experiment 2, rather than teaching people new metaphors, we relied on the left-right representations of time that our American college student participants have already internalized through a lifetime of visuospatial experience reading and writing text from left to right...
June 21, 2017: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630579/effects-of-exercise-in-the-fasted-and-postprandial-state-on-interstitial-glucose-in-hyperglycemic-individuals
#6
Håvard Nygaard, Bent R Rønnestad, Daniel Hammarström, Gerd Holmboe-Ottesen, Arne T Høstmark
The purpose of the present study was to test if one bout of moderate exercise performed in either the fasted or the postprandial state affects glucose values measured over 22 hours. Twelve participants diagnosed with hyperglycemia not using antidiabetic medications underwent 3 test days in a randomized cross-over design encompassing one test day without exercise, one test day with 60 min of treadmill walking prior to breakfast, and one test day with an identical bout of exercise 30 min after the start of breakfast...
June 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628476/differences-in-physical-activity-eating-habits-and-risk-of-obesity-among-kuwaiti-adolescent-boys-and-girls-a-population-based-study
#7
Hanan E Badr, S Fatima Lakha, Peter Pennefather
The study aimed to assess gender differences among Kuwaiti adolescents in healthy living choices that impact the risk of obesity. A cross-sectional multistage cluster design was employed with a representative sample of 2672 students aged 13-15 years who completed a self-administered Global School-based Student Health (GSHS) survey. The study found that around 48.0% of adolescents were overweight and obese. More boys than girls were obese (28.2% vs. 22.3%, p < 0.0001). However, boys were more likely than girls to report healthy food choices regarding fruit (38...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627401/educational-nutrition-messaging-at-breakfast-reduces-snack-intake-and-influences-snack-preferences-in-adult-men-and-women
#8
Jamie I Baum, Brianna L Gaines, Gabrielle C Kubas, Charlayne F Mitchell, Sarah L Russell
Breakfast skipping is associated with increased risk of weight gain and obesity in young adults, possibly due to increased snacking later in the day. Recent research suggests that providing and animal versus a plant source of protein at breakfast can reduce snack intake later in the day. In addition, providing nutrition information via a nutrition label, front-of-pack information, or via text messaging has been shown to help individuals make healthier food choices. The objective of this study was to determine if educational nutrition messaging and protein source influenced snack intake 2 h following the breakfast meal...
June 13, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626902/haemophilus-influenzae-oral-vaccination-for-preventing-acute-exacerbations-of-chronic-bronchitis-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#9
REVIEW
Edward Teo, Kathleen Lockhart, Sai Navya Purchuri, Jennifer Pushparajah, Allan W Cripps, Mieke L van Driel
BACKGROUND: Chronic bronchitis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are serious conditions in which patients are predisposed to viral and bacterial infections resulting in potentially fatal acute exacerbations. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is defined as a lung disease characterised by obstruction to lung airflow that interferes with normal breathing. Antibiotic therapy has not been particularly useful in eradicating bacteria such as non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) because they are naturally occurring flora of the upper respiratory tract in many people...
June 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626170/investigating-the-relationship-between-morning-glycemic-variability-and-patient-characteristics-using-continuous-glucose-monitoring-data-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#10
Soichi Takeishi, Akihiro Mori, Miyuka Kawai, Yohei Yoshida, Hiroki Hachiya, Takayuki Yumura, Shun Ito, Takashi Shibuya, Nobutoshi Fushimi, Noritsugu Ohashi, Hiromi Kawai
Objective To investigate the relationship between patient characteristics and morning glycemic variability. Methods We retrospectively evaluated 106 patients with type 2 diabetes who underwent continuous glucose monitoring during admission. The highest postprandial glucose level (within 3 hours after breakfast; 'highest level'), the time from the start of breakfast to the highest postprandial glucose level ('highest time'), the difference between the pre-breakfast and highest postprandial breakfast glucose level ('increase'), the area under the curve (AUC; ≥180 mg/dL) for the glycemic variability within 3 hours after breakfast ('morning AUC'), and the post-breakfast glucose gradient ('gradient') were calculated...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624930/basal-and-bolus-insulin-dose-changes-after-switching-basal-insulin-to-insulin-degludec-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes%C3%A2-mellitus-a-pilot-study
#11
Yoshiyuki Hamamoto, Sachiko Honjo, Kanta Fujimoto, Shinsuke Tokumoto, Hiroki Ikeda, Yoshiharu Wada, Hiroyuki Koshiyama
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ultra-long-acting insulin degludec (DEG) has a longer duration of action and less daily variability relative to other basal insulin (BI), and thus may benefit patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). We examined the impact of switching BI to DEG on glycemic control and insulin dose in T1DM. METHODS: T1DM patients (n = 22; six male; mean age: 64.5 ± 12.6 years) receiving basal-bolus insulin therapy were included. Initially, the BI dose was replaced with DEG in a 1:1 ratio; 80-100% of the total dose was replaced with DEG for multiple basal insulin injections...
June 17, 2017: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622349/a-randomized-cross-over-study-of-the-acute-effects-of-running-5-km-on-glucose-insulin-metabolic-rate-cortisol-and-troponin-t
#12
Boris Keselman, Marta Vergara, Sofia Nyberg, Fredrik H Nystrom
BACKGROUND: We aimed to study the impact by running 5 km, at maximal speed, on the normal variations of metabolic variables related to glucose, insulin, insulin sensitivity, cortisol, glucagon, Troponin T and metabolic rate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Five women and 12 men 25.7±5.2 years of age with a body-mass-index of 22.5±2.3 kg/m2 where recruited to run 5 km at individual maximal speed in the morning, and to a corresponding day of rest, followed by standardized breakfast and lunch meals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613261/identifying-eating-occasion-based-opportunities-to-improve-the-overall-diets-of-australian-adolescents
#13
Flavia Fayet-Moore, Andrew McConnell, Jean Kim, Kevin C Mathias
Adolescents in Australia have a poor dietary intake, leading to large numbers of them being at risk for inadequate intake of micronutrients, and excessive intake of less healthful dietary components. This study examined dietary intakes at multiple eating occasions to identify opportunities for more targeted recommendations and strategies to improve dietary intakes among adolescents. Data from the first 24-h recall of 14-18 years old in the 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey were analysed (n = 772)...
June 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611634/a-case-of-noncuratively-resected-gastric-cancer-and-postoperative-chemotherapy-with-s-1-monotherapy-resulting-in-long-term-survival-for-over-8-years
#14
Byoung Jo Suh
We report the case of a noncuratively resected gastric cancer patient who was successfully treated with S-1 monotherapy, resulting in long-term survival of 96 months. A 72-year-old woman underwent noncurative resection of subtotal gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer with conglomerated lymph node metastasis and pancreatic invasion. She received chemotherapy with S-1 monotherapy postoperatively. S-1 (100 mg/day) was administered orally after breakfast and dinner for 28 days followed by a 14-day break for a total of 52 months...
January 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607064/impact-of-nutrition-on-social-decision-making
#15
Sabrina Strang, Christina Hoeber, Olaf Uhl, Berthold Koletzko, Thomas F Münte, Hendrik Lehnert, Raymond J Dolan, Sebastian M Schmid, Soyoung Q Park
Food intake is essential for maintaining homeostasis, which is necessary for survival in all species. However, food intake also impacts multiple biochemical processes that influence our behavior. Here, we investigate the causal relationship between macronutrient composition, its bodily biochemical impact, and a modulation of human social decision making. Across two studies, we show that breakfasts with different macronutrient compositions modulated human social behavior. Breakfasts with a high-carbohydrate/protein ratio increased social punishment behavior in response to norm violations compared with that in response to a low carbohydrate/protein meal...
June 20, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605158/the-effect-of-liraglutide-on-dietary-lipid-induced-insulin-resistance-in-humans
#16
Juraj Koska, Lizette Lopez, Karen D'Souza, Tracy Osredkar, James Deer, Julie Kurtz, Arline D Salbe, S Mitchell Harman, Peter D Reaven
AIMS: High saturated fatty acid (SFA) diets blunt peripheral insulin action. GLP-1 receptor agonists suppress postprandial lipids and endothelial dysfunction, which may counter SFA-induced insulin resistance. This study tested whether liraglutide suppresses postprandial elevations in lipids and thus protects against high SFA-diet induced insulin resistance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a randomized placebo-controlled cross-over study, 32 subjects with normal or mildly impaired glucose tolerance received liraglutide and placebo for 3 weeks each...
June 12, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604287/breakfast-consumption-frequency-and-its-relationships-to-overall-diet-quality-using-healthy-eating-index-2010-and-body-mass-index-among-adolescents-in-a-low-income-urban-setting
#17
Laura C Hopkins, Melissa Sattler, Elizabeth Anderson Steeves, Jessica C Jones-Smith, Joel Gittelsohn
The aim of this study was to describe the relationship of breakfast frequency to diet quality and BMI among low-income, predominantly African American adolescents aged 9-15 (n = 239). Mean frequency of breakfast consumption was 5.0 ± 0.15 times per week. A significant, positive relationship was seen between HEI scores and frequency of breakfast consumption (p = .01). Dairy (p = .02) and whole grains (p < .01) HEI component scores were significantly related to breakfast frequency. No relationship was seen between breakfast frequency and BMI...
June 12, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602133/nutritional-and-environmental-factors-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Ismael San Mauro Martín, Javier Andrés Blumenfeld Olivares, Elena Garicano Vilar, Manuela Echeverry López, Marta García Bernat, Yaiza Quevedo Santos, Marta Blanco López, Paloma Elortegui Pascual, Elena Borregon Rivilla, Mario Rincón Barrado
OBJECTIVES: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been related to nutrient deficiencies and 'unhealthy' diets, and to date there is only one study that examined the relationship between the Mediterranean diet and ADHD. The aim was to determine the association between those environmental, nutritional, and body composition factors that may affect the pathogenesis and symptomatology of patients with ADHD in Spain. METHODS: A total of 89 children and adolescents (41 with diagnosed ADHD and 48 controls) were studied in an observation case-control study...
June 11, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596058/adolescents-unhealthy-eating-habits-are-associated-with-meal-skipping
#19
Paulo Rogério Melo Rodrigues, Ronir Raggio Luiz, Luana Silva Monteiro, Márcia Gonçalves Ferreira, Regina Maria Veras Gonçalves-Silva, Rosangela Alves Pereira
OBJECTIVE: Meal consumption and diet quality are important for healthy development during adolescence. The aim of this study was to determine the association between meal habits and diet quality in Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: A school-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in 2008 with a probabilistic sample of adolescents ages 14 to 19 y (N = 1139) from high schools in central-western Brazil. Consumption of breakfast, morning snack, lunch, afternoon snack, and dinner was assessed to evaluate adolescents' meal profile...
April 5, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592097/-study-on-breakfast-consumption-of-children-aged-from-6-17-in-china-in-2010-2012
#20
L Li, T T Yang, P P Xu, W Cao, Q Gan, X Q Hu, Q Zhang
Objective: To investigate breakfast status and influencing factors among children aged 6-17 in China in 2010-2012. Methods: Data were collected from China National Nutrition and Health Surveillance in 2010-2012. By using multi-stage stratified sampling and population proportional stratified random sampling method, the research objects were 29 393 children, who aged 6 to 17 y from 150 sites in 31 provinces in mainland China. The information of breakfast frequency and the numbers of breakfast dinning out (in restaurant and at schools) in the past week with seven days were collected by questionnaire; and compared by different ages, genders and areas...
June 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
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