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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451860/a-hierarchical-bayesian-tri-variate-analysis-on-factors-associated-with-anthropometric-measures-in-a-large-sample-of-children-and-adolescents-the-caspian-iv-study
#1
Roya Kelishadi, Zahra Heidari, Iraj Kazemi, Tohid Jafari-Koshki, Marjan Mansourian, Mohammad-Esmaeil Motlagh, Ramin Heshmat
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess determinants of anthropometric measures in a nationally representative sample of Iranian children and adolescents. METHODS: This nationwide study was conducted among 13,280 students, aged 6-18 years, who were randomly selected from 30 provinces in Iran. Anthropometric measures were determined by calibrated instruments. Demographic and socio-economic (SES) variables, lifestyle behaviors, family history of chronic disease and prenatal factors were studied, as well...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445912/plasma-elemental-responses-to-red-meat-ingestion-in-healthy-young-males-and-the-effect-of-cooking-method
#2
Matthew P G Barnett, Vic S C Chiang, Amber M Milan, Shikha Pundir, Trevor A Walmsley, Susan Grant, James F Markworth, Siew-Young Quek, Peter M George, David Cameron-Smith
PURPOSE: Elemental deficiencies are highly prevalent and have a significant impact on health. However, clinical monitoring of plasma elemental responses to foods remains largely unexplored. Data from in vitro studies show that red meat (beef) is a highly bioavailable source of several key elements, but cooking method may influence this bioavailability. We therefore studied the postprandial responses to beef steak, and the effects of two different cooking methods, in healthy young males...
February 14, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444727/new-zealand-breakfast-cereals-are-there-sufficient-low-sugar-low-sodium-options
#3
Lynne Chepulis, Gael Mearns
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444663/gender-related-differences-in-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-and-lifestyle-behaviors-in-treatment-seeking-adolescents-with-severe-obesity
#4
Lisa Ha Barstad, Pétur B Júlíusson, Line Kristin Johnson, Jens Kristoffer Hertel, Samira Lekhal, Jøran Hjelmesæth
BACKGROUND: Obesity during adolescence is associated with cardiovascular mortality in adulthood. The adverse obesity-related cardiometabolic risk profile is already observed in adolescence. We aimed to examine possible gender differences in cardiometabolic risk factors and lifestyle behaviors among adolescents with severe obesity, hypothesizing that boys would have both a higher prevalence of the metabolic syndrome as well as less healthy lifestyle behaviors than girls. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of treatment-seeking adolescents with severe obesity who attended the Morbid Obesity Centre at Vestfold Hospital Trust and who were consecutively enrolled in the Vestfold Register of Obese Children between September 2009 and September 2015...
February 14, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443904/comparison-of-conventional-and-microwave-assisted-heating-on-carbohydrate-content-antioxidant-capacity-and-postprandial-glycemic-response-in-oat-meals
#5
Joanna Harasym, Remigiusz Olędzki
Minimally processed cereal breakfast products from whole grain entered the market due to consumer demand of more nutritional food with more controlled sugar release. However, the subsequent processing of such products with different cooking methods in the consumer's kitchen may lead to significant differentiation of their nutritional value. Therefore, the evaluation of the impact of frequently used cooking methods on a final quality of breakfast cereals meal is needed. The present study investigates how the two different methods of heating, conventional and microwave (MW) assisted, affect the carbohydrate content, profile and resulting glycemic index of so prepared food as well as the antioxidant activity of meals...
February 14, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442082/comparative-analysis-of-salivary-sialic-acid-levels-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-chronic-periodontitis-patients-a-biochemical-study
#6
Surekha Rathod, Tony Shori, Trupti Satish Sarda, Anubha Raj, Padmaja Jadhav
Aim: Sialic acid plays a central role in the functioning of biological systems, in stabilizing the glycoproteins and cellular membranes, assisting in cell-cell recognition and interaction. The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare the periodontal health status and salivary Sialic acid levels in patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) and chronic periodontitis patients. Materials and Methods: Ninety subjects were included in the study, which were divided into the following groups, 30 in each group...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440054/effects-of-changes-in-eating-speed-on-obesity-in-patients-with-diabetes-a-secondary-analysis-of-longitudinal-health-check-up-data
#7
Yumi Hurst, Haruhisa Fukuda
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have examined the causal relationships between lifestyle habits and obesity. With a focus on eating speed in patients with type 2 diabetes, this study aimed to analyse the effects of changes in lifestyle habits on changes in obesity using panel data. METHODS: Patient-level panel data from 2008 to 2013 were generated using commercially available insurance claims data and health check-up data. The study subjects comprised Japanese men and women (n=59 717) enrolled in health insurance societies who had been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes during the study period...
February 12, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437170/carbohydrate-metabolism-and-gene-expression-of-sirtuin-1-in-healthy-subjects-after-sacha-inchi-oil-supplementation-a-randomized-trial
#8
A N Alayón, J G Ortega Avila, I Echeverri Jiménez
BACKGROUND: The postprandial stage is related to cardiovascular risk and it depends on the type of meal consumed. We study the effects of Sacha inchi oil on the postprandial glycemic state caused by meals rich in saturated fat. METHODS AND RESULTS: A double blind randomized trial in which 42 adult men ingested two breakfasts rich in saturated fat, one of them containing additionally 15 mL of Sacha inchi oil. Blood samples were obtained before or after 1 and 4 hours post-ingestion to quantify glucose, insulin and lipid profile in serum...
February 13, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431535/differences-in-the-postprandial-release-of-appetite-related-hormones-between-active-and-inactive-men
#9
Linn Bøhler, Sílvia Ribeiro Coutinho, Jens F Rehfeld, Linda Morgan, Catia Martins
Active, as opposed to inactive, individuals are able to adjust their energy intake after preloads of different energy content. The mechanisms responsible for this remain unknown. This study examined differences in plasma concentration of appetite-related hormones in response to breakfasts of different energy content, between active and inactive men. 16 healthy non-obese (BMI 18.5-27 kg/m 2 ) adult males (9 active, 7 inactive), participated in the study. Participants were given a high- (HE, 570 kcal) or a low-energy (LE, 205 kcal) breakfast in random order...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427671/prospective-associations-between-toddler-televiewing-and-subsequent-lifestyle-habits-in-adolescence
#10
Isabelle Simonato, Michel Janosz, Isabelle Archambault, Linda S Pagani
BACKGROUND: Watching television is a common pastime for very young children. High exposure may negatively influence physical and mental health outcomes. Not much is known about how early exposure relates to lifestyle choices in adolescence. OBJECTIVE: To estimate how toddler televiewing is subsequently associated with lifestyle indicators at adolescence. METHODS: Participants are 986 girls and 999 boys from the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development birth cohort (Canada)...
February 7, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426874/oxytocin-curbs-calorie-intake-via-food-specific-increases-in-the-activity-of-brain-areas-that-process-reward-and-establish-cognitive-control
#11
Maartje S Spetter, Gordon B Feld, Matthias Thienel, Hubert Preissl, Maike A Hege, Manfred Hallschmid
The hypothalamic neurohormone oxytocin decreases food intake via largely unexplored mechanisms. We investigated the central nervous mediation of oxytocin's hypophagic effect in comparison to its impact on the processing of generalized rewards. Fifteen fasted normal-weight, young men received intranasal oxytocin (24 IU) or placebo before functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) measurements of brain activity during exposure to food stimuli and a monetary incentive delay task (MID). Subsequently, ad-libitum breakfast intake was assessed...
February 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425972/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-salivary-testosterone-concentrations-and-competitiveness-in-elite-and-non-elite-women-athletes
#12
Blair T Crewther, Christian J Cook
BACKGROUND: There is evidence linking women's T to competitive behaviours in sport and exercise. To advance this work, we examined the longitudinal relationships between salivary testosterone (sal-T) and competitiveness in athletic women who differ in training status. METHODS: Elite (n = 9) and non-elite (n = 21) women athletes were monitored on days 6-8 (follicular phase), 13-15 (ovulatory phase) and 20-22 (Luteal phase) of a menstrual cycle with two repeats...
February 6, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425470/a-lean-pork-containing-breakfast-reduces-hunger-and-glycemic-response-compared-to-a-refined-carbohydrate-containing-breakfast-in-adults-with-prediabetes
#13
Orsolya M Palacios, Indika Edirisinghe, Meredith L Wilcox, Britt Burton-Freeman, Di Xiao, Kevin C Maki
OBJECTIVE: Replacing dietary refined carbohydrates (CHO) with protein may impact appetite and glucose and lipid metabolism in metabolically at-risk individuals. The objectives of this study were to assess the effects of consumption of a lean pork-containing, high-protein (pPro) breakfast versus a refined-CHO-rich breakfast for 2 weeks on appetite and cardiometabolic parameters in overweight or obese adults with prediabetes. METHODS: In this crossover study, overweight or obese men and women with prediabetes were provided with either a pPro breakfast meal or a refined-CHO breakfast meal to consume each day (2-week intervention, ≥ 2-week washout)...
February 9, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422651/impact-of-erroneous-meal-insulin-bolus-with-dual-hormone-artificial-pancreas-using-a-simplified-bolus-strategy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Véronique Gingras, Mohamed Raef Smaoui, Charlotte Cameli, Virginie Messier, Martin Ladouceur, Laurent Legault, Rémi Rabasa-Lhoret
Postprandial glucose control remains challenging for patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D). A simplified meal bolus approach with a dual-hormone (insulin and glucagon) closed-loop system (DH-CLS) has been tested; yet, the impact of categorization errors with this strategy is unknown. The objective was to compare, in a randomized controlled inpatient trial, DH-CLS with the simplified meal bolus approach for two different meals properly categorized or overestimated. We tested, in patients with T1D, the simplified strategy with two standardized breakfasts (n = 10 per meal) adequately categorized or overestimated: (1) 75 g and (2) 45 g of carbohydrate...
February 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422439/factors-influencing-fluid-milk-waste-in-a-breakfast-in-the-classroom-school-breakfast-program
#15
Stacy A Blondin, Jeanne P Goldberg, Sean B Cash, Timothy S Griffin, Christina D Economos
OBJECTIVE: To determine predictors of fluid milk waste in a Breakfast in the Classroom School Breakfast Program. DESIGN: Cross-sectional with 3 repeated measures/classroom. SETTING: Elementary schools in a medium-sized, low-income, urban school district. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty third- through fourth-grade classrooms across 6 schools. MAIN OUTCOMES: Dependent variables include percentage of total and served milk wasted...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419785/macronutrient-composition-and-food-form-affect-glucose-and-insulin-responses-in-humans
#16
Shila Shafaeizadeh, Leilani Muhardi, Christiani Jeyakumar Henry, Bert J M van de Heijning, Eline M van der Beek
Glycaemic index (GI) is used as an indicator to guide consumers in making healthier food choices. We compared the GI, insulin index (II), and the area under the curve for blood glucose and insulin as glucose (GR) and insulin responses (IR) of a newly developed liquid nutritional formula with one commercially available liquid product with different types of carbohydrates. We then evaluated the glucose and insulin responses of two test foods with comparable energy density and protein percentage but presented in different food forms (liquid vs...
February 8, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415729/trajectories-of-self-reported-physical-activity-and-predictors-during-the-transition-to-old-age-a-20-year-cohort-study-of-british-men
#17
Daniel Aggio, Efstathios Papachristou, Olia Papacosta, Lucy T Lennon, Sarah Ash, Peter H Whincup, S Goya Wannamethee, Barbara J Jefferis
BACKGROUND: Maintenance of physical activity (PA) during later life is associated with optimal health; however, the long-term trajectories of PA into old age and their predictors have not been extensively researched using latent class methods. This study aimed to identify trajectories of self-reported PA and their predictors in men transitioning from midlife to old age. METHODS: 7735 men (aged 40-59 years) recruited in 1978-80 were followed up after 12, 16 and 20 years, reporting PA, health status, lifestyle behaviours and socio-demographic characteristics...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415682/effects-of-eating-dinner-alone-on-overweight-in-japanese-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-survey
#18
Takako Shirasawa, Hirotaka Ochiai, Takahiko Yoshimoto, Masaaki Matoba, Yuma Sunaga, Hiromi Hoshino, Akatsuki Kokaze
BACKGROUND: The decrease in the frequency of family meals among Asian youth is often lamented. In Japan, adolescents who eat breakfast alone might have an unhealthy diet, which increases the risk of overweight or obese. However, there are few studies on the relationship between eating dinner alone and overweight in Japanese adolescents. Here, we investigated if eating dinner alone is associated with being overweight in Japanese adolescents of each sex. METHODS: The participants consisted of 890 seventh graders (12-13 years of age) from the junior high schools of Ina, Japan who were recruited from 2011 to 2012...
February 7, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403649/a-protocol-for-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-feasibility-study-to-determine-whether-the-daily-consumption-of-flavonoid-rich-pure-cocoa-has-the-potential-to-reduce-fatigue-in-people-with-relapsing-and-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-rrms
#19
S Coe, J Collett, H Izadi, D T Wade, M Clegg, J M Harrison, E Buckingham, A Cavey, G C DeLuca, J Palace, H Dawes
Background: Dietary interventions including consumption of flavonoids, plant compounds found in certain foods, may have the ability to improve fatigue. However, to date, no well-designed intervention studies assessing the role of flavonoid consumption for fatigue management in people with MS (pwMS) have been performed. The hypothesis is that the consumption of a flavonoid-rich pure cocoa beverage will reduce fatigue in pwMS. The aim of this study is to determine the feasibility and potential outcome of running a trial to evaluate this hypothesis...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399842/suicide-risk-and-resiliency-factors-among-hispanic-teens-in-new-mexico-schools-can-make-a-difference
#20
Meryn Hall, Lynne Fullerton, Courtney FitzGerald, Dan Green
BACKGROUND: Youth suicide is a serious public health problem in the United States. School environments, and the attention of school adults, are promising but minimally studied avenues for promoting mental health among students. METHODS: The 2013 New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey data were analyzed to identify ways in which the school environment influences suicide attempts in a sample of Hispanic students. Factors examined were: relationships with school adults, speaking a language other than English at home, being born outside the United States and not having enough to eat...
March 2018: Journal of School Health
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