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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243247/randomized-cross-over-trial-comparing-the-diagnosis-of-gestational-diabetes-by-oral-glucose-tolerance-test-and-a-designed-breakfast-glucose-profile
#1
Colin Marais, David R Hall, Lourentia van Wyk, Magda Conradie
OBJECTIVE: To compare a glucose test based on a standardized, designed breakfast to the 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), comparing venous and capillary glucose values for the diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: The present prospective, randomized, cross-over trial enrolled patients at high risk of developing GDM who were attending the High-Risk Antenatal Clinic of Tygerberg Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa, between March 1, 2015, and December 31, 2015...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241582/whey-protein-supplementation-2-hours-after-a-lower-protein-breakfast-restores-plasma-essential-amino-acid-availability-comparable-to-a-higher-protein-breakfast-in-overweight-adults
#2
Joshua L Hudson, Douglas Paddon-Jones, Wayne W Campbell
Amino acids from meals peak in the plasma at ~180 minutes postprandial. Conversely, amino acids from rapidly digestible whey protein appear in the plasma within 15 minutes and peak at 60 minutes postprandial. Therefore, we hypothesized that consuming a 20-g whey protein snack 2 hours after a standard mixed-macronutrient, lower protein breakfast (10 g) would result in peak and composite postprandial plasma essential amino acid (EAA) responses that were not different from consuming a 30-g protein breakfast alone...
November 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236734/freeze-dried-lactobacillus-plantarum-299v-increases-iron-absorption-in-young-females-double-isotope-sequential-single-blind-studies-in-menstruating-women
#3
Michael Hoppe, Gunilla Önning, Lena Hulthén
BACKGROUND: The probiotic strain Lactobacillus plantarum 299v has earlier been shown to increase iron absorption when added to foods. However, it is not known if the same probiotic strain in a freeze-dried format included in a capsule increases the iron absorption. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the hypotheses that non-heme iron absorption from a light meal is promoted by a simultaneous intake of freeze-dried Lactobacillus plantarum 299v (Lp299v, DSM 9843)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233206/parental-work-characteristics-and-diet-quality-among-pre-school-children-in-dual-parent-households-results-from-a-population-based-cohort-in-taiwan
#4
Jennifer Chun-Li Wu
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between parental work characteristics and diet quality among pre-school children in dual-parent households. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Parental work characteristics were measured by the types of combined parental work schedules and work hours. The main outcome variables included meal eating habits as well as 'health-conscious food' and 'unhealthy non-core food' dietary patterns derived by using principal component analysis...
December 13, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232072/child-nutrition-programs-flexibilities-for-milk-whole-grains-and-sodium-requirements-interim-final-rule
#5
(no author information available yet)
This interim final rule extends through school year 2018-2019 three menu planning flexibilities currently available to many Child Nutrition Program operators, giving them near-term certainty about Program requirements and more local control to serve nutritious and appealing meals to millions of children nationwide. These flexibilities include: Providing operators the option to offer flavored, low-fat (1 percent fat) milk in the Child Nutrition Programs; extending the State agencies' option to allow individual school food authorities to include grains that are not whole grain-rich in the weekly menu offered under the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and School Breakfast Program (SBP); and retaining Sodium Target 1 in the NSLP and SBP...
November 30, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231764/relevance-of-chronotype-for-eating-patterns-in-adolescents
#6
Sarah Roßbach, Tanja Diederichs, Ute Nöthlings, Anette E Buyken, Ute Alexy
During adolescence, a shift from morningness to eveningness occurs, yet school continues to start early in the morning. Hence, adolescents are at risk for social jetlag, i.e. a discrepancy between biological and social timing. It remains to be determined whether chronotype associates with daily and daytime-specific eating patterns during this potentially critical period. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate whether chronotype is decisive for daily eating patterns [total energy intake (TEI, kcal), total macronutrient intake (% of TEI), eating occasion frequency (n/day), meal frequency (n/day), snack frequency (n/day), duration of nightly fasting], or daytime-specific eating patterns [morning (before 11 am) energy intake (% of TEI), morning macronutrient intake (% of morning energy intake), regular breakfast skipping (no morning energy intake at least on 2 of 3 days, yes/no), evening (after 6 pm) energy intake (% of TEI), evening macronutrient intake (% of evening energy intake), regular dinner skipping (no evening energy intake at least on 2 of 3 days, yes/no)] in German adolescents...
December 12, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228946/a-school-based-intervention-improved-dietary-intake-outcomes-and-reduced-waist-circumference-in-adolescents-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Angélica Ochoa-Avilés, Roosmarijn Verstraeten, Lieven Huybregts, Susana Andrade, John Van Camp, Silvana Donoso, Patricia Liliana Ramírez, Carl Lachat, Lea Maes, Patrick Kolsteren
BACKGROUND: In Ecuador, adolescents' food intake does not comply with guidelines for a healthy diet. Together with abdominal obesity adolescent's inadequate diets are risk factors for non-communicable diseases. We report the effectiveness of a school-based intervention on the dietary intake and waist circumference among Ecuadorian adolescents. METHODS: A pair-matched cluster randomized controlled trial including 1430 adolescents (12-14 years old) was conducted...
December 11, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224485/assessment-of-dietary-factors-dietary-practices-and-exercise-on-mental-distress-in-young-adults-versus-matured-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Lina Begdache, Maher Chaar, Nasim Sabounchi, Hamed Kianmehr
The importance of the diet in modulating mental health is uncovering as many dietary factors have been described to alter brain chemistry. Brain maturation may not complete until the age of 30 which may explain the differential emotional control, mindset, and resilience between young adults and matured adults. As a result, dietary factors may influence mental health differently in these two populations. OBJECTIVES: To study dietary intake, dietary practices and exercise in young adults (YA) (18-29 years) versus matured adults (MA) (30 years and older) in relation to mental distress...
December 11, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224223/altering-the-school-breakfast-environment-reduces-barriers-to-school-breakfast-participation-among-diverse-rural-youth
#9
Mary O Hearst, Amy Shanafelt, Qi Wang, Robert Leduc, Marilyn S Nanney
BACKGROUND: The purpose is to determine if altering school breakfast policies and the school breakfast environment will positively impact adolescent beliefs of the barriers and benefits of eating breakfast. METHODS: There were 904 adolescents from 16 rural high schools, Minnesota, in the BreakFAST Study who reported eating breakfast fewer than 4 times per week at baseline. Schools were randomized to intervention (N = 8 schools) or delayed intervention (N = 8) condition...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222893/postprandial-long-chain-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-response-to-krill-oil-and-fish-oil-consumption-in-healthy-women-a-randomised-controlled-single-dose-crossover-study
#10
Hyunsin H Sung, Andrew J Sinclair, Paul A Lewandowski, Xiao Q Su
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Krill oil (KO) and fish oil (FO) are good sources of health-benefiting long chain n- 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC n-3 PUFA), EPA and DHA. There are conflicting outcomes on the bioavailability of LC n-3 PUFA from KO compared with FO. This study investigated the postprandial incorporation of LC n- 3 PUFA into plasma lipids following consumption of 5 capsules of KO or FO in comparison with olive oil (OO) control in healthy women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: 10 women (aged 18-45 years) consumed a high-fat (15 g) breakfast, supplemented with 5 g of KO, FO, or OO in a random order with a minimum seven-day washout period between the supplementations...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219626/eveningness-is-associated-with-skipping-breakfast-and-poor-nutritional-intake-in-brazilian-undergraduate-students
#11
Gabriela Pereira Teixeira, Maria Carliana Mota, Cibele Aparecida Crispim
Some studies have proposed that self-reported eveningness, which reflects the preference of performing activities in the evening, may harm nutritional health and influence the eating behavior and nutritional status of individuals. However, the relationship between these variables (eveningness and nutritional status) and the consumption of breakfast, which is currently considered a marker of health, has been insufficiently explored by studies. The aim of this study was to investigate, in undergraduate students, the association between diurnal preference, being overweight, and food consumption (with special focus on breakfast)...
December 8, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215606/cognitive-and-mood-effects-of-a-nutrient-enriched-breakfast-bar-in-healthy-adults-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-parallel-groups-study
#12
David O Kennedy, Emma L Wightman, Joanne Forster, Julie Khan, Crystal F Haskell-Ramsay, Philippa A Jackson
OBJECTIVES: Few previous studies have assessed the effects of concomitant administration of multiple potentially psychoactive nutrients. METHODS: 95 healthy adult participants consumed either a nutrient enriched breakfast bar (containing α-Linolenic acid, l-tyrosine, l-theanine, vitamins, minerals and 21.5 mg of caffeine) or an isocaloric, macronutrient matched control bar for 56 days. Cognitive function and mood were assessed pre-dose and at 40- and 160-min post-dose on the 1st and 56th day of the intervention period...
December 7, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210290/demographic-and-lifestyle-factors-that-affect-hba1c-awareness-amongst-type-ii-diabetic-patients-in-trinidad
#13
B Shivananda Nayak, Karina Khan, Christian Kidney, Vanessa Knowles, Adrian Koo, Andrew Lakhan, Daniel Lalla, Christopher Lalloo, Staci-Ann Lallo, Shamjeet Singh
OBJECTIVES: To determine the awareness of HbA1c values and correlate this with educational levels, dietary intake and physical activity in type II diabetic population of Trinidad. METHODS: Total of 222 type II diabetic subjects were assessed via questionnaire evaluating their demographics, type and duration of diabetes, type and frequency of glucose testing, dietary intake and physical activity. HbA1c data was coded as patients who were aware versus patients who were not aware...
December 6, 2017: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209460/association-of-dietary-patterns-with-overweight-risk-and-all-cause-mortality-in-children-with-cancer
#14
Eunjin So, Jeeyeon Kim, Sehwa Joo, Jisun Lee, Hyojee Joung
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the association of dietary patterns with overweight risk and all-cause mortality in pediatric cancer patients. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Prospective cohort study was undertaken; 83 cancer patients admitted to the pediatric cancer ward at a university hospital in Seoul were included and followed for obesity and death over 24 months. Food consumption data were collected from patients using validated meal order sheets for breakfast, lunch, and dinner at the pediatric cancer ward over 3 days...
December 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209411/dietary-behaviour-psychological-well-being-and-mental-distress-among-adolescents-in-korea
#15
Seo Ah Hong, Karl Peltzer
Background: Dietary intake is important for physical and mental health. The aim of this investigation was to assess associations between dietary behaviours and psychological well-being and distress among school-going adolescents in Korea. Methods: In a cross-sectional nationally representative survey, 65,212 students (Mean age = 15.1 years, SE = 0.02 and 52.2% male and 47.8% female) responded to a questionnaire that included measures of dietary behaviour, psychological well-being and mental distress...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208064/sleep-indices-and-eating-behaviours-in-young-adults-findings-from-project-eat
#16
Rachel P Ogilvie, Pamela L Lutsey, Rachel Widome, Melissa N Laska, Nicole Larson, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
OBJECTIVE: To test the associations between sleep indices and eating behaviours in young adults, a group vulnerable to suboptimal sleep. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of survey measures of sleep (i.e. time in bed, variability, timing and quality) and dietary patterns (i.e. breakfast skipping, eating at fast-food restaurants, consumption of sports and energy drinks, and sugar-free, sugar-sweetened and caffeinated beverages). SETTING: Minneapolis/St...
December 6, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207394/cumulative-effect-of-obesogenic-behaviours-on-adiposity-in-spanish-children-and-adolescents
#17
Helmut Schröder, Rowaedh Ahmed Bawaked, Lourdes Ribas-Barba, Maria Izquierdo-Pulido, Blanca Roman-Viñas, Montserrat Fíto, Lluis Serra-Majem
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the cumulative effect of obesogenic behaviours on childhood obesity risk. We determined the cumulative effect on BMI z-score, waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), overweight and abdominal obesity of four lifestyle behaviours that have been linked to obesity. METHODS: In this cross-sectional analysis, data were obtained from the EnKid sudy, a representative sample of Spanish youth. The study included 1,614 boys and girls aged 5-18 years...
December 6, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201063/malnutrition-and-its-associated-factors-among-rural-school-children-in-fayoum-governorate-egypt
#18
Wafaa Y Abdel Wahed, Safaa K Hassan, Randa Eldessouki
Malnutrition is an increasing health problem among children in developing countries. We assessed the level of malnutrition and associated factors among school children in a rural setting in Fayoum Governorate, Egypt. A school based cross-sectional survey was conducted on children (6-17 years) in Manshit El Gamal village in Tamia district of Fayoum Governorate. Weight, height, and age data were used to calculate z-scores of the three nutritional indicators using WHO anthroPlus. Sociodemographics and lifestyles Data were collected...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199499/a-nutritional-evaluation-of-various-typical-italian-breakfast-products-a-comparison-of-macronutrient-composition-and-glycaemic-index-values
#19
Marta Cossu, Laura Chiavaroli, Margherita Dall'Asta, Veronica Francinelli, Francesca Scazzina, Furio Brighenti
Breakfast foods with lower glycaemic responses are associated with better body weight control. Glycaemic index (GI) values of some commonly consumed breakfast foods in Italy were determined and compared, along with macronutrients. Cakes/pastries were low-medium GI (44-60), with high-sugar and saturated fat and low-fibre. Generally, mueslis and breads were medium GI (62-66 and 59-76, respectively) with higher fibre and lower saturated fat and sugar. The addition of spreads to bread lowered GI (47-66) but increased sugar and saturated fat...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199495/food-perception-at-lunchtime-does-not-depend-on-the-nutritional-and-perceived-characteristics-of-breakfast
#20
Alice Rosi, Pedro Mena, Francesca Scazzina, Barbara Marino, Olga Danyego, Fabrizio Fasano, Cinzia Di Dio, Lucia Riggio, Furio Brighenti
Breakfast consumption can entail nutritional advantages positively affecting food choices. This study investigated the effect of minor changes in breakfast composition on the perceived attributes of foods, both at breakfast and at lunchtime. Four breakfasts were defined considering nutritional and perceptual factors. Three breakfasts varied just for a single cereal-based chocolate-containing food item, while a control breakfast mimicked fasting conditions. Breakfast perception was assessed before and after consumption...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
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