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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678598/the-benefits-of-defining-snacks
#1
Julie M Hess, Joanne L Slavin
Whether eating a "snack" is considered a beneficial or detrimental behavior is largely based on how "snack" is defined. The term "snack food" tends to connote energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods high in nutrients to limit (sugar, sodium, and/or saturated fat) like cakes, cookies, chips and other salty snacks, and sugar-sweetened beverages. Eating a "snack food" is often conflated with eating a "snack," however, leading to an overall perception of snacks as a dietary negative...
April 17, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678498/single-parenthood-and-perceived-income-insufficiency-as-challenges-for-meal-patterns-in-childhood
#2
Suvi Parikka, Esko Levälahti, Tuija Martelin, Tiina Laatikainen
Family is an important setting for development of eating behavior in childhood. The aim of this study was to investigate associations and direct and indirect pathways between family socioeconomic position (SEP) factors, family type and meal patterns in childhood on weekdays (4-6 meals a day, breakfast skipping, and family dinner). The cross-sectional LATE study was carried out in Finland in 2007-2009. Our dataset comprised 2864 school-aged children (aged ca 7-16 years). Associations between parental BMI, education, labor market status, perceived income sufficiency, family type and childhood meal patterns were first examined by bivariate and multivariate regression analyses separately for children (aged 7-11 years; N = 1920) and adolescents (14-16 years; N = 944)...
April 17, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673846/estimating-hba1c-from-timed-self-monitored-blood-glucose-values
#3
WuQiang Fan, Hui Zheng, Nancy Wei, David M Nathan
AIMS: To analyze mathematical relationships between timed Self-Monitored Blood Glucose (SMBG) and HbA1c, and to identify the SMBG values that correlate most strongly with HbA1c. METHODS: We utilized the average premeal (Pre) and 90-min postmeal (Post) SMBG results from 547 A1c-Derived Average Glucose (ADAG) study participants (285 type 1, 178 type 2 and 84 non-diabetic) to analyze the mathematical relationships with HbA1c levels. Specific times of daily SMBG that best correlate with HbA1c were identified...
April 16, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673540/the-protective-effect-of-muesli-consumption-on-diabetes-risk-results-from-12-years-of-follow-up-in-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-women-s-health
#4
Angelica Quatela, Robin Callister, Amanda J Patterson, Mark McEvoy, Lesley K MacDonald-Wicks
Diabetes affects 9.8% of Australian women. Breakfast cereal consumption is potentially protective against diabetes. This study investigated the effects of breakfast cereal consumption on the 12-year risk of developing diabetes among mid-aged participants of the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women's Health (ALSWH). It was hypothesized that any breakfast cereal and higher-fiber breakfast cereals would be protective against the risk of developing diabetes. Data from Survey 3 (S3) to Survey 7 (S7) inclusive, from the 1946-51 ALSWH cohort were analyzed...
March 2018: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669726/sixty-seconds-on-free-breakfast
#5
Abi Rimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669539/cross-sectional-associations-between-weight-related-health-behaviors-and-weight-misperception-among-u-s-adolescents-with-overweight-obesity
#6
Samantha L Hahn, Kelley A Borton, Kendrin R Sonneville
BACKGROUND: Weight misperception occurs when there is a discrepancy between one's actual and perceived weight status. Among adolescents with overweight/obesity, many believe that correcting weight misperception is imperative to inspire weight-related behavior change. However, past research has shown that adolescents with overweight/obesity who misperceive their weight status gain less weight over time compared to accurate perceivers. Therefore, our objective was to examine possible mechanisms underlying this relationship...
April 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667372/long-working-hours-and-skipping-breakfast-concomitant-with-late-evening-meals-are-associated-with-suboptimal-glycemic-control-among-young-male-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#7
Yasushi Azami, Mitsuhiko Funakoshi, Hisashi Matsumoto, Akemi Ikota, Koichi Ito, Hisashi Okimoto, Nobuaki Shimizu, Fumihiro Tsujimura, Hiroshi Fukuda, Chozi Miyagi, Sayaka Osawa, Ryo Osawa, Jiro Miura
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: To assess the associations or working conditions, eating habits, and glycemic control among young Japanese workers with type 2 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This hospital- and clinic-based prospective study included 352 male and 126 female working patients with diabetes aged 20-40 years. Data were obtained from June to July 2012 and June to July 2013. Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate multivariable-adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for suboptimal glycemic control (HbAlc level of ≥7%) obtained from June to July 2013...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665730/comparative-assessment-and-suitability-of-iron-and-the-nutritional-composition-of-fortified-foods-for-young-children
#8
Majed M AbuKhader
AIM: To assess the suitability of iron content and the nutritional benefits of selected fortified food products marketed for 4-8 year old children in Oman. METHODS: Forty-five fortified foods, which are available in Omani markets, were classified into four groups based on food type and composition: ready-to-eat (RTE) breakfast cereals (two groups), malted milk drinks and milk powder formulas. The nutrition panel displayed on the products' outer package was used as a source of content values for iron and other nutrients...
January 1, 2018: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665125/cross-sectional-study-showed-that-breakfast-consumption-was-associated-with-demographic-clinical-and-biochemical-factors-in-children-and-adolescents
#9
Fabiana A Silva, Cristina Padez, Daniela S Sartorelli, Renata M S Oliveira, Michele P Netto, Larissa L Mendes, Ana Paula C Cândido
AIM: We investigated the demographic, anthropometric, clinical, biochemical and behavioural factors associated with children and adolescents who missed breakfast. METHODS: This 2012 cross-sectional study was carried out in the city of Juiz de Fora, Brazil, with a sample of 684 students: 191 children aged 7-9 and 493 adolescents aged 10-14. Data on demographic, physical activity and breakfast consumption was based on a 24-hour recall record and a three-day dietary record...
April 17, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659497/nutritional-combined-greenhouse-gas-life-cycle-analysis-for-incorporating-canadian-yellow-pea-into-cereal-based-food-products
#10
Abhishek Chaudhary, Christopher P F Marinangeli, Denis Tremorin, Alexander Mathys
Incorporating low cost pulses, such as yellow peas, that are rich in nutrients and low in fertilizer requirements, into daily food items, can improve the nutritional and sustainability profile of national diets. This paper systematically characterized the effect of using Canadian grown whole yellow pea and refined wheat flours on nutritional density and carbon footprint in cereal-based food products. Canada-specific production data and the levels of 27 macro- and micronutrients were used to calculate the carbon footprint and nutrient balance score (NBS), respectively, for traditional and reformulated pan bread, breakfast cereal, and pasta...
April 16, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653027/the-relationship-among-breakfast-time-morningness-eveningness-preference-and-body-mass-index-in-type-2-diabetes
#11
H Nimitphong, N Siwasaranond, S Saetung, A Thakkinstian, B Ongphiphadhanakul, S Reutrakul
AIMS: Obesity is prevalent and related to poor outcomes in Type 2 diabetes. Evening preference and late meal times have been shown to be associated with obesity, but data are lacking in people with Type 2 diabetes. This study examined the relationship among meal timing, morningness-eveningness preference and BMI in Type 2 diabetes, using a mediation analysis. METHODS: Some 210 non-shift workers with Type 2 diabetes participated in the study. Morningness-eveningness preference was assessed using a standard questionnaire, the Composite Scale of Morningness (CSM)...
April 13, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649949/postprandial-effects-of-breakfast-glycaemic-index-on-cognitive-performance-among-young-healthy-adults-a-crossover-clinical-trial
#12
Natalia Sanchez-Aguadero, Jose I Recio-Rodriguez, Maria C Patino-Alonso, Sara Mora-Simon, Rosario Alonso-Dominguez, Benigna Sanchez-Salgado, Manuel A Gomez-Marcos, Luis Garcia-Ortiz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the postprandial effects of high and low glycaemic index (GI) breakfasts on cognitive performance in young, healthy adults. METHODS: A crossover clinical trial including 40 young, healthy adults (aged 20-40 years, 50% females) recruited from primary healthcare centres in Salamanca, Spain. Verbal memory, phonological fluency, attention, and executive functions were examined 0, 60, and 120 minutes after consuming a low GI (LGI), high GI (HGI), or water breakfast...
April 12, 2018: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645341/effects-on-the-glucagon-response-to-hypoglycaemia-during-dpp-4-inhibition-in-elderly-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-study
#13
Johan Farngren, Margaretha Persson, Bo Ahrén
AIMS: Maintained glucagon response to hypoglycaemia is important as a safeguard against hypoglycaemia during glucose-lowering therapy in type 2 diabetes. During recent years, DPP-4 (dipeptidyl peptidase-4) inhibition has become more commonly used in elderly patients. However, whether DPP-4 inhibition affects the glucagon response to hypoglycaemia in the elderly is not known and was the aim of this study. METHODS: In a single-center, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled crossover study, 28 subjects with metformin-treated type 2 diabetes (17 males, 11 females; mean 74 years (range 65-86 years), mean HbA1c 51...
April 12, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644957/a-carbohydrate-reduced-high-protein-diet-acutely-decreases-postprandial-and-diurnal-glucose-excursions-in-type-2-diabetes-patients
#14
Amirsalar Samkani, Mads J Skytte, Daniel Kandel, Stine Kjaer, Arne Astrup, Carolyn F Deacon, Jens J Holst, Sten Madsbad, Jens F Rehfeld, Steen B Haugaard, Thure Krarup
The aim of the study was to assess whether a simple substitution of carbohydrate in the conventionally recommended diet with protein and fat would result in a clinically meaningful reduction in postprandial hyperglycaemia in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In all, sixteen subjects with T2DM treated with metformin only, fourteen male, with a median age of 65 (43-70) years, HbA1c of 6·5 % (47 mmol/l) (5·5-8·3 % (37-67 mmol/l)) and a BMI of 30 (sd 4·4) kg/m2 participated in the randomised, cross-over study...
April 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642428/consumption-of-100-pure-fruit-juice-and-dietary-quality-in-french-adults-analysis-of-a-nationally-representative-survey-in-the-context-of-the-who-recommended-limitation-of-free-sugars
#15
France Bellisle, Pascale Hébel, Alice Fourniret, Eléna Sauvage
Sugar-containing beverages are often seen as a negative influence on diet quality and body weight control. The present study examines the consumption of 100% fruit juice (FJ) based on a seven-day dietary survey in a representative sample of French adults ( n = 1607). About a half of the participants (44%) consumed FJ, most often at breakfast time (60%). Average intake in FJ consumers was 115.6 ± 4.0 mL/day (46.3 ± 1.7 kcal/day). Prevalence of consumption increased with education and income and decreased with age, but no association was observed with body mass index (BMI), physical activity, or smoking...
April 7, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629032/comparison-of-body-image-perception-nutrition-knowledge-dietary-attitudes-and-dietary-habits-between-korean-and-mongolian-college-students
#16
Zolzaya Erdenebileg, So Hyun Park, Kyung Ja Chang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: College students are in transition from adolescence to adulthood, and it has been reported that they show poor dietary habits. This study was conducted to compare body image perception, nutrition knowledge, dietary attitudes, dietary habits, and health-related lifestyles between Korean college students (KCS) and Mongolian college students (MCS). SUBJECTS/METHODS: Subjects were 314 KCS and 280 MCS. The data includes results of self-administered questionnaires; statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS 23...
April 2018: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629031/determining-attitudinal-and-behavioral-factors-concerning-milk-and-dairy-intake-and-their-association-with-calcium-intake-in-college-students
#17
Angela M Rose, Rachel A Williams, Brooke Rengers, Julie A Kennel, Carolyn Gunther
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Average intake of calcium among college students is below the recommended intake, and knowledge surrounding the attitudinal and behavioral factors that influence milk and dairy intake, a primary food source of calcium, is limited. The purpose of this study was to evaluate college students' attitudes and behaviors concerning milk and dairy consumption and their association with calcium intake. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Participants were 1,730 undergraduate students who completed an online survey (SurveyMonkey) as part of baseline data collection for a social marketing dairy campaign...
April 2018: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627808/descriptive-epidemiology-of-changes-in-weight-and-weight-related-behaviours-of-australian-children-aged-5-years-two-population-based-cross-sectional-studies-in-2010-and-2015
#18
Louise L Hardy, Louise A Baur, Li Ming Wen, Sarah P Garnett, Seema Mihrshahi
OBJECTIVE: Over the past 10-15 years there has been substantial investment in New South Wales (NSW), Australia, to reduce child obesity through interventions in children aged 0-5 years. We report changes in weight and weight-related behaviours of 5-year-old children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional surveys conducted in 2010 and 2015. SETTING: NSW schools (2010 n=44; 2015 n=41) PARTICIPANTS: Australian children in kindergarten (2010 n=1141 and 2015 n=1150)...
April 7, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623593/efficacy-and-safety-of-rapid-acting-insulin-analogs-in-special-populations-with-type-1-diabetes-or-gestational-diabetes-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Kirsten Nørgaard, Nithya Sukumar, Snorri B Rafnsson, Ponnusamy Saravanan
INTRODUCTION: To assess the efficacy and safety of three available rapid-acting insulin analogs (insulins lispro, aspart and glulisine, respectively) in pregnant women, children/adolescents and people using continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Reviews were searched electronically, and their bibliographies examined to identify suitable studies for review and inclusion in a meta-analysis. Eligible studies were randomized controlled trials that reported data on relevant clinical outcomes...
April 5, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619796/overnight-fasting-compromises-exercise-intensity-and-volume-during-sprint-interval-training-but-improves-high-intensity-aerobic-endurance
#20
Tasuku Terada, Saeed R Toghi Eshghi, Yilina Liubaoerjijin, Michael Kennedy, Etienne Myette-Côté, Kevin Fletcher, Normand G Boulé
BACKGROUND: The combined effects of sprint interval training (SIT) and exercising in the fasted state are unknown. We compared the effects of SIT with exogenous carbohydrate supplementation (SITCHO) and SIT following overnight fast (SITFast) on aerobic capacity (peak oxygen consumption: V̇ O2peak) and high-intensity aerobic endurance (time-to-exhaustion at 85% V̇ O2peak [T85%]). METHODS: Twenty male cyclists were randomized to SITCHO and SITFast. Both groups performed 30-second all-out cycling followed by 4-minute active recovery 3 times per week for 4 weeks, with the number of sprint bouts progressing from 4 to 7...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
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