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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208806/orange-pomace-improves-postprandial-glycemic-responses-an-acute-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-crossover-trial-in-overweight-men
#1
C-Y Oliver Chen, Helen Rasmussen, Alison Kamil, Peng Du, Jeffrey B Blumberg
Orange pomace (OP), a fiber-rich byproduct of juice production, has the potential for being formulated into a variety of food products. We hypothesized that OP would diminish postprandial glycemic responses to a high carbohydrate/fat breakfast and lunch. We conducted an acute, randomized, placebo-controlled, double blind, crossover trial with 34 overweight men who consumed either a 255 g placebo (PLA), a low (35% OP (LOP)), or a high (77% (HOP)) dose OP beverage with breakfast. Blood was collected at 0, 10, 20, 30, and 45 min and at 1, 1...
February 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207338/nutritional-economic-and-environmental-costs-of-milk-waste-in-a-classroom-school-breakfast-program
#2
Stacy A Blondin, Sean B Cash, Jeanne P Goldberg, Timothy S Griffin, Christina D Economos
OBJECTIVES: To measure fluid milk waste in a US School Breakfast in the Classroom Program and estimate its nutritional, economic, and environmental effects. METHODS: Fluid milk waste was directly measured on 60 elementary school classroom days in a medium-sized, urban district. The US Department of Agriculture nutrition database, district cost data, and carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) emissions and water footprint estimates for fluid milk were used to calculate the associated nutritional, economic, and environmental costs...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202638/vitamin-concentrations-in-human-milk-vary-with-time-within-feed-circadian-rhythm-and-single-dose-supplementation
#3
Daniela Hampel, Setareh Shahab-Ferdows, M Munirul Islam, Janet M Peerson, Lindsay H Allen
Background: Human milk is the subject of many studies, but procedures for representative sample collection have not been established. Our improved methods for milk micronutrient analysis now enable systematic study of factors that affect its concentrations.Objective: We evaluated the effects of sample collection protocols, variations in circadian rhythms, subject variability, and acute maternal micronutrient supplementation on milk vitamin concentrations.Methods: In the BMQ (Breast-Milk-Quality) study, we recruited 18 healthy women (aged 18-26 y) in Dhaka, Bangladesh, at 2-4 mo of lactation for a 3-d supplementation study...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201941/different-psychosocial-factors-are-associated-with-different-intention-and-self-efficacy-toward-eating-breakfast-among-japanese-breakfast-skippers
#4
Makiko Nakade, Megumi Tsubota-Utsugi, Eri Imai, Nobuyo Tsuboyama-Kasaoka, Nobuo Nishi, Hidemi Takimoto
A cross-sectional study was conducted among 7593 adults to clarify lifestyle and psychosocial characteristics of breakfast skippers with different intention and self-efficacy toward eating breakfast. Data were obtained from Japan's national survey in 2009. Multinomial logistic regression analyses were performed to examine the characteristics of each breakfast skipper (having intention and self-efficacy toward eating breakfast [IS], having intention but not self-efficacy [INS], and not having intention to eat breakfast [NI]) compared with breakfast eaters...
February 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196640/risk-of-mental-health-problems-in-adolescents-skipping-meals-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2010-to-2012
#5
Gyungjoo Lee, Kyungdo Han, Hyunju Kim
BACKGROUND: Adolescents frequently skip meals, doing so even more than once per day. This is associated with more mental health problems. PURPOSE: This study identified mental health problems' associations with skipping meals and the frequency thereof among adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional population-based study used a data set of 1,413 adolescents from the 2010 to 2012 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Hierarchical multivariable logistic regression was conducted to determine the risk of mental health problems, including stress, depressive mood, and suicidal ideation in relation to skipping meals and the frequency thereof per day...
January 20, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188240/lixisenatide-therapy-in-older-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-inadequately-controlled-on-their-current-antidiabetic-treatment-the-getgoal-o-randomized-trial
#6
Graydon S Meneilly, Christine Roy-Duval, Hasan Alawi, George Dailey, Diego Bellido, Carlos Trescoli, Helard Manrique Hurtado, Hailing Guo, Valerie Pilorget, Riccardo Perfetti, Hamish Simpson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of lixisenatide versus placebo on glycemic control in older patients with type 2 diabetes uncontrolled on their current antidiabetic treatment. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In this phase III, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, two-arm, parallel-group, multicenter trial, patients aged ≥70 years were randomized to receive once-daily lixisenatide 20 μg or placebo before breakfast concomitantly with their existing antidiabetic therapy (including insulin) for 24 weeks...
February 10, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183371/regular-breakfast-consumption-is-associated-with-higher-blood-vitamin-status-in-adolescents-the-helena-healthy-lifestyle-in-europe-by-nutrition-in-adolescence-study
#7
Juan Mielgo-Ayuso, Jara Valtueña, Magdalena Cuenca-García, Fréderic Gottrand, Christina Breidenassel, Marika Ferrari, Yannis Manios, Stefaan De Henauw, Kurt Widhalm, Anthony Kafatos, Mathilde Kersting, Inge Huybrechts, Luis A Moreno, Marcela González-Gross
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to examine the association between different breakfast consumption patterns and vitamin intakes and blood vitamin concentrations in European adolescents. DESIGN: Breakfast consumption was assessed by a questionnaire. Vitamin intake was calculated from two 24 h recalls. Blood vitamin and total homocysteine (tHcy) concentrations were analysed from fasting blood samples. SETTING: The European Commission-funded HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) Study...
February 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177691/caffeine-intake-increases-plasma-ketones-an-acute-metabolic-study-in-humans
#8
Camille Vandenberghe, Valerie St-Pierre, Alexandre Courchesne-Loyer, Marie Hennebelle, Christian-Alexandre Castellano, Stephen C Cunnane
Brain glucose uptake declines during aging and is significantly impaired in Alzheimer's disease. Ketones are the main alternative brain fuel to glucose so they represent a potential approach to compensate for the brain glucose reduction. Caffeine is of interest as a potential ketogenic agent owing to its actions on lipolysis/ lipid oxidation but whether it is ketogenic in humans is unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the acute ketogenic effect of two doses of caffeine in healthy adults (2.5; 5.0 mg/kg) during a 4-hour metabolic study period...
November 25, 2016: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174290/priming-effect-of-a-morning-meal-on-hepatic-glucose-disposition-later-in-the-day
#9
Mary Courtney Moore, Marta S Smith, Ben Farmer, Guillaume Kraft, Masakazu Shiota, Phillip E Williams, Alan D Cherrington
We used hepatic balance and tracer ((3)H-glucose) techniques to examine the impact of "breakfast" on hepatic glucose metabolism later in the same day. From 0-240 min, 2 groups (n=9 each) of conscious dogs received a duodenal infusion of glucose (GLC) or saline (SAL), then fasted from 240-360 min. Three dogs from each group were euthanized for tissue collection at 360 min. From 360-600 min, the remaining dogs underwent a hyperinsulinemic (4x basal) hyperglycemic clamp (arterial blood glucose 146±2 mg/dL) with portal glucose infusion...
February 7, 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174038/fourth-grade-children-s-dietary-reporting-accuracy-by-meal-component-results-from-a-validation-study-that-manipulated-retention-interval-and-prompts
#10
Suzanne D Baxter, David B Hitchcock, Julie A Royer, Albert F Smith, Caroline H Guinn
We examined reporting accuracy by meal component (beverage, bread, breakfast meat, combination entrée, condiment, dessert, entrée, fruit, vegetable) with validation-study data on 455 fourth-grade children (mean age = 9.92 ± 0.41 years) observed eating school meals and randomized to one of eight dietary recall conditions (two retention intervals [short, long] crossed with four prompts [forward, meal-name, open, reverse]). Accuracy category (match [observed and reported], omission [observed but unreported], intrusion [unobserved but reported]) was a polytomous nominal item response variable...
February 4, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169212/associations-between-partnering-and-parenting-transitions-and-dietary-habits-in-young-adults
#11
Kylie J Smith, Sarah A McNaughton, Seana L Gall, Petr Otahal, Terence Dwyer, Alison J Venn
BACKGROUND: Partnering and parenting are important life-stage transitions that often occur during young adulthood. Little is known about how these transitions affect two dietary behaviors linked to increased cardiometabolic disease risk: skipping breakfast and takeaway-food consumption. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine whether partnering and parenting transitions during a 5-year period were associated with change in diet quality, skipping breakfast, and takeaway-food consumption...
February 3, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168925/effects-of-the-red-bull-energy-drink-on-cognitive-function-and-mood-in-healthy-young-volunteers
#12
Keith A Wesnes, Helen Brooker, Anthony W Watson, Wendy Bal, Edward Okello
The present study compared the cognitive and mood effects of two commercially available products, Red Bull energy drink 250 mL and Red Bull Sugarfree energy drink 250 mL, together with a matching placebo 250 mL. Twenty-four healthy young volunteers took part in a randomised, placebo controlled, double-blind, three-way cross-over study. Cognitive function was assessed using an integrated set of nine computerised tests of attention, working and episodic memory. On each study day the volunteers received a standardised breakfast prior to completing a baseline performance on cognitive tests and mood scales, followed by the consumption of the study drink...
February 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166847/salt-and-sugars-content-of-breakfast-cereals-in-the-uk-from-1992-to-2015
#13
Sonia Pombo-Rodrigues, Kawther M Hashem, Feng J He, Graham A MacGregor
OBJECTIVE: To study the salt and sugars content of breakfast cereals sold in the UK between 1992 and 2015. DESIGN: Cross-sectional surveys on salt and sugars content collected from the nutrition information panel of breakfast cereals in 1992, 2004, 2006, 2009, 2012 and 2015. SETTING: All major UK retailers operating at that moment in time (approximately ten). SUBJECTS: The salt and sugars content was collected from product packaging and the nutrition information panels...
February 7, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166756/depicted-serving-size-cereal-packaging-pictures-exaggerate-serving-sizes-and-promote-overserving
#14
Aner Tal, Stina Niemann, Brian Wansink
BACKGROUND: Extensive work has focused on the effects of nutrition label information on consumer behavior on the one hand, and on the effects of packaging graphics on the other hand. However, little work has examined how serving suggestion depictions - graphics relating to serving size - influence the quantity consumers serve themselves. The current work examines the prevalence of exaggerated serving size depictions on product packaging (study 1) and its effects on food serving in the context of cereal (study 2)...
February 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166190/pharmacokinetics-of-crushed-elvitegravir-combination-tablet-given-with-or-without-enteral-nutrition
#15
Mieke Jongbloed-de Hoon, Angela Colbers, Kirsten Velthoven-Graafland, Marjolijn Duisenberg-van Essenberg, Martine Kruijssen, Evertine Abbink, Reinout van Crevel, David Burger
We investigated whether a fixed-dose combination tablet of elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovirDF (Stribild®), can be crushed and combined with enteral nutrition without influencing pharmacokinetics. This was an open-label, 3-period, single dose, randomized, cross-over, trial in 24 healthy volunteers. Subjects received Stribild whole tablet with breakfast (reference), crushed/suspended Stribild+breakfast, crushed/suspended Stribild+enteral nutrition. Crushed/suspended Stribild plus enteral nutrition was bio-equivalent (90% CI between 80-125%) with a whole Stribild tablet...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154977/sex-differences-in-the-response-of-total-pyy-and-glp-1-to-moderate-intensity-continuous-and-sprint-interval-cycling-exercise
#16
Tom J Hazell, Logan K Townsend, Jillian R Hallworth, Jon Doan, Jennifer L Copeland
BACKGROUND: Exercise interventions are often less effective at improving body composition for females than males, potentially due to post-exercise hormonal responses that increase energy intake in females. Recently, sprint interval training was shown to effectively reduce body fat in females despite being relatively low during exercise energy expenditure. PURPOSE: To determine whether any sex difference in total PYY, GLP-1 or perceived hunger exists following moderate-intensity continuous exercise (MICT) and sprint interval exercise (SIT) METHODS: Twenty-one active participants (11 females) participated in three sessions in a randomized crossover design: (1) MICT, 30-min cycling at 65% VO2max; (2) SIT, 6 × 30 s "all-out" sprints with 4-min recovery periods; (3) control (CTRL; no exercise)...
February 2, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152059/morbid-obesity-in-taiwan-prevalence-trends-associated-social-demographics-and-lifestyle-factors
#17
Heng-Cheng Chang, Hsin-Chou Yang, Hsing-Yi Chang, Chih-Jung Yeh, Hsin-Hung Chen, Kuo-Chin Huang, Wen-Harn Pan
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is one of the most important public health issues worldwide. Moreover, an extreme phenotype, morbid obesity (MO) has insidiously become a global problem. Therefore, we aimed to document the prevalence trend and to unveil the epidemiological characteristics of MO in Taiwan. METHODS: Nationally representative samples aged 19 years and above from three consecutive waves of Nutrition and Health survey in Taiwan: 1993-1996, 2005-2008, and 2013-2014 (n = 3,071; 1,673; and 1,440; respectively) were analyzed for prevalence trend...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148681/breakfast-dietary-patterns-among-mexican-children-are-related-to-total-day-diet-quality
#18
Myriam C Afeiche, Lindsey Smith Taillie, Sinead Hopkins, Alison L Eldridge, Barry M Popkin
BACKGROUND: Mexico has experienced shifts in food availability and consumption patterns over the past few decades from traditional diets to those containing more high-energy density foods, resulting in the development of unhealthful dietary patterns among children and adults. However, to our knowledge it is not known whether breakfast consumption patterns contribute to the overall daily diet of Mexican children. OBJECTIVE: We examined total-day diet among breakfast consumers compared with breakfast skippers, identified and investigated breakfast dietary patterns in relation to energy and nutrient intakes at breakfast and across the day, and examined these patterns in relation to sociodemographic characteristics...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146063/consuming-two-eggs-per-day-as-compared-to-an-oatmeal-breakfast-decreases-plasma-ghrelin-while-maintaining-the-ldl-hdl-ratio
#19
Amanda Missimer, Diana M DiMarco, Catherine J Andersen, Ana Gabriela Murillo, Marcela Vergara-Jimenez, Maria Luz Fernandez
Eggs contain high quality protein, vitamins, minerals and antioxidants, yet regular consumption is still met with uncertainty. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare the effects of consuming two eggs per day or a heart-healthy oatmeal breakfast on biomarkers of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and satiety measures in a young, healthy population. Fifty subjects participated in a randomized crossover clinical intervention; subjects were randomly allocated to consume either two eggs or one packet of oatmeal per day for breakfast for four weeks...
29, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145767/examining-guidelines-for-school-based-breakfast-programs-in-canada-a-systematic-review-of-the-grey-literature
#20
Katelyn M Godin, Sharon I Kirkpatrick, Rhona M Hanning, Jackie Stapleton, Scott T Leatherdale
School breakfast programs are widespread and serve varying objectives regarding youth health promotion. Evidence-based guidelines for breakfast programs may be important in maximizing their effectiveness related to student outcomes, yet it is unclear what is available in Canada. A systematic review was conducted to identify and compare Canadian guidelines related to breakfast programs. Data sources included grey literature databases, customized search engines, targeted websites, and content expert consultations...
February 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
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