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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538796/-factors-associated-with-the-consumption-of-school-meals-by-brazilian-adolescents-results-of-the-pense-survey-2012
#1
Nathália Tarossi Locatelli, Daniela Silva Canella, Daniel Henrique Bandoni
The aim was to study the association between socio-demographic and routine dietary variables and consumption of school meals by adolescents enrolled in public schools in Brazil. The study used data used from the National School Health Survey (PeNSE) 2012. To assess differences between schoolchildren based on whether or not they ate school meals, the study used Pearson's chi-square test, and associations were analyzed with univariate and multivariate Poisson regression models. Of the 86,660 students included in the study, 22...
May 18, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531791/an-innovative-brioche-enriched-in-protein-and-energy-improves-the-nutritional-status-of-malnourished-nursing-home-residents-compared-to-oral-nutritional-supplement-and-usual-breakfast-farine-project
#2
Virginie Van Wymelbeke, Laurent Brondel, Francis Bon, Isabelle Martin-Pfitzenmeyer, Patrick Manckoundia
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To compare the effects of a 12-week nutritional intervention, in which an innovative protein-and-energy-enriched brioche, an oral nutritional supplement or a usual breakfast were eaten, on food intake and nutritional status in nursing home residents. DESIGN: Three-armed, multicentre, controlled trial. SETTING: Eight nursing homes in Burgundy, France. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-eight malnourished participants aged between 70 and 99 years old...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531784/gut-microbiota-mediated-benefits-of-barley-kernel-products-on-metabolism-gut-hormones-and-inflammatory-markers-as-affected-by-co-ingestion-of-commercially-available-probiotics-a-randomized-controlled-study-in-healthy-subjects
#3
Anne Nilsson, Elin Johansson-Boll, Jonna Sandberg, Inger Björck
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Barley kernel based products have been shown to induce benefits on blood glucose regulation, cardio-metabolic risk markers and appetite regulating hormones in a time perspective of 11-16 h after intake. The mechanisms have been assigned to gut fermentation of indigestible carbohydrates. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate if the modulatory effects of barley on markers of metabolic- and appetite regulation are affected by a dietary background including a mixture of commercially available probiotics...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531632/relationship-of-daily-breakfast-consumption-with-physical-activity-and-inactivity-a-cross-sectional-family
#4
Ioannis Tasiopoulos, Pantelis T Nikolaidis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531564/protein-and-energy-intake-improved-by-breakfast-intervention-in-hospital
#5
T Beermann, M N Mortensen, L B Skadhauge, R H Høgsted, H H Rasmussen, Mette Holst
BACKGROUND/AIM: Undernutrition affects about 40% of patients in hospitals. Ordinary food is recommended as the first choice to prevent and correct undernutrition. Meanwhile, sufficient intake, especially regarding protein, is difficult to reach, in patients at nutritional risk. The aim of this study was to improve protein intake at breakfast to at least 20% of total daily requirement or at least 20 g. METHODS: A protein rich breakfast including 20 g of protein was served in the departments of heart and lung surgery and vascular surgery for three months...
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530448/carbohydrates-alone-or-mixing-with-beef-or-whey-protein-promote-similar-training-outcomes-in-resistance-training-males-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#6
Fernando Naclerio, Marco Seijo-Bujia, Eneko Larumbe-Zabala, Conrad P Earnest
Beef powder is a new high-quality protein source scarcely researched relative to exercise performance. The present study examined the impact of ingesting hydrolyzed beef protein, whey protein, and carbohydrate on strength performance (1RM), body composition (via plethysmography), limb circumferences and muscular thickness (via ultrasonography), following an 8-week resistance-training program. After being randomly assigned to one of the following groups: Beef, Whey, or Carbohydrate, twenty four recreationally physically active males (n=8 per treatment) ingested 20 g of supplement, mixed with orange juice, once a day (immediately after workout or before breakfast)...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523045/frequency-of-nutritional-anemia-among-female-medical-students-of-faisalabad
#7
Shireen Jawed, Sundus Tariq, Saba Tariq, Anwar Kamal
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Anemia is a common health problem worldwide. This problem is most commonly faced by 18 to 25 years of females. Medical students especially female hostelites poses high risk of anemia because of their poor eating habits, breakfast skipping, long schedule in college, burden of medical studies, clinical postings, and extra-curricular activities. Therefore the current study was designed to determine the hemoglobin status in young female medical students. We also elucidate its association with BMI...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522762/postmeal-exercise-blunts-postprandial-glucose-excursions-in-people-on-metformin-monotherapy
#8
Melissa Lynn Erickson, Jonathan Peter Little, Jennifer L Gay, Kevin K McCully, Nathan T Jenkins
Metformin is used clinically to reduce fasting glucose with minimal effects on postprandial glucose. Postmeal exercise reduces postprandial glucose and may offer additional glucose-lowering benefit beyond that of metformin alone, yet controversy exists surrounding exercise and metformin interactions. It is currently unknown how postmeal exercise and metformin monotherapy in combination will affect postprandial glucose. Thus, we examined the independent and combined effects of postmeal exercise and metformin monotherapy on postprandial glucose...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520477/minimum-stocking-requirements-for-retailers-in-the-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-disparities-across-us-states
#9
Jennifer E Pelletier, Liana R N Schreiber, Melissa N Laska
OBJECTIVES: To examine state variation in minimum stocking requirements for Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)-authorized small food retailers. METHODS: We obtained minimum stocking requirements for 50 states and the District of Columbia in 2017 from WIC Web pages or e-mail from the state WIC agency. We developed a coding protocol to compare minimum quantities and varieties required for 12 food and beverage categories. We calculated the median, range, and interquartile range for each measure...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500416/effects-of-breaking-up-prolonged-sitting-following-low-and-high-glycaemic-index-breakfast-consumption-on-glucose-and-insulin-concentrations
#10
Daniel P Bailey, Benjamin D Maylor, Charlie J Orton, Julia K Zakrzewski-Fruer
PURPOSE: Breaking up prolonged sitting can attenuate the postprandial rise in glucose and insulin. Whether such effects are dependent of the glycaemic index (GI) of the consumed carbohydrate is unknown. This study examined the acute effects of breaking up prolonged sitting following a low GI and a high GI breakfast on postprandial glucose and insulin concentrations. PROCEDURES: Fourteen adult males aged 22.1 ± 1.2 years completed four, 4 h experimental conditions: high GI breakfast followed by uninterrupted sitting (HGI-SIT), low GI breakfast followed by uninterrupted sitting (LGI-SIT), high GI breakfast followed by 2 min activity breaks every 20 min (HGI-ACT), and low GI breakfast followed by 2 min activity breaks every 20 min (LGI-ACT)...
May 12, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496547/effect-of-ezetimibe-monotherapy-on-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-and-on-markers-of-cholesterol-synthesis-and-absorption-in-japanese-patients-with-hypercholesterolemia
#11
Akio Ohta, Hiroyuki Kato, Satoshi Ishii, Yoshio Nagai, Yasushi Tanaka
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate effect of ezetimibe monotherapy on serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in Japanese patients and to investigate the association between changes of LDL-C and changes of markers for cholesterol synthesis and absorption. METHODS: Seventy-six hypercholesterolemic patients without statin therapy were enrolled and randomized to two groups, which were an ezetimibe group (group E, n = 44) and a control group without ezetimibe treatment that received diet therapy alone (group C, n = 32)...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495478/determinants-of-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-low-income-children-are%C3%A2-there-differences-by-race-ethnicity-age-and-sex
#12
Natasha Tasevska, Derek DeLia, Cori Lorts, Michael Yedidia, Punam Ohri-Vachaspati
BACKGROUND: Understanding determinants of high consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), a highly prevalent obesogenic behavior, will help build effective customized public health interventions. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to identify child and parent lifestyle and household demographic factors predictive of high SSB consumption frequency in children from low-income, ethnically diverse communities that may help inform public health interventions. DESIGN: We used a cross-sectional telephone household survey...
May 8, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494820/positive-and-negative-consequences-of-making-coffee-among-breakfast-related-irrelevant-objects-evidence-from-mci-dementia-and-healthy-ageing
#13
María Rodríguez-Bailón, Tamara García-Morán, Nuria Montoro-Membila, Estrella Ródenas-García, Marisa Arnedo Montoro, María Jesús Funes Molina
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have reported impairments in activities of daily living (ADL) performance in the presence of irrelevant but physically/functionally related objects in dementia patients. The aim of the present study was to increase our knowledge about the impact of the presence of contextually related non-target objects on ADL execution in patients with multi-domain mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia. METHODS: We compared ADL execution in patients with MCI, dementia, and healthy elderly participants under two experimental conditions: One in which the target objects were embedded with contextually related non-target items that constituted the object set necessary to complete two additional (but unrequired) ADL tasks related to the target task, and a second, control condition where target objects were surrounded by isolated objects (they never constituted a whole set needed to complete an alternative ADL task)...
May 12, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493602/avenacosides-metabolism-and-potential-use-as-exposure-biomarkers-of-oat-intake
#14
Pei Wang, Junli Yang, Aaron Yerke, Shengmin Sang
SCOPE: Exposure biomarkers used for objective estimation of whole-grain (WG) intake are essential for epidemiologic studies of WG consumption, however, up to now, no exposure biomarkers were developed for WG oat intake. This study investigates the potential of oat unique components, Avenacoside-B (AVE-B) and -A (AVE-A), as exposure biomarkers of oat intake. METHODS AND RESULTS: An in vivo study performed in mice and an in vitro batch fecalfermentation study were used to investigate the potential metabolic routes of AVE-B and -A...
May 11, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492194/comparison-of-the-streptococcus-mutans-and-lactobacillus-colony-count-changes-in-saliva-following-chlorhexidine-0-12-mouth-rinse-combination-mouth-rinse-and-green-tea-extract-0-5-mouth-rinse-in-children
#15
Rahul J Hegde, Shamika Kamath
BACKGROUND: Compounds present in green tea have been shown to inhibit the growth and activity of bacteria associated with oral infections. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of chlorhexidine (0.12%) mouth rinse and combination (chlorhexidine and sodium fluoride) mouth rinse to that of green tea extract (0.5%) mouth rinse in reducing the salivary count of Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample for the study consisted of 75 school children aged 8-12 years with four or more (decay component) of decayed, missing, and filled teeth index...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490511/impact-of-breakfast-skipping-compared-with-dinner-skipping-on-regulation-of-energy-balance-and-metabolic-risk
#16
Alessa Nas, Nora Mirza, Franziska Hägele, Julia Kahlhöfer, Judith Keller, Russell Rising, Thomas A Kufer, Anja Bosy-Westphal
Background: Meal skipping has become an increasing trend of the modern lifestyle that may lead to obesity and type 2 diabetes.Objective: We investigated whether the timing of meal skipping impacts these risks by affecting circadian regulation of energy balance, glucose metabolism, and postprandial inflammatory responses.Design: In a randomized controlled crossover trial, 17 participants [body mass index (in kg/m(2)): 23.7 ± 4.6] underwent 3 isocaloric 24-h interventions (55%, 30%, and 15% carbohydrate, fat, and protein, respectively): a breakfast skipping day (BSD) and a dinner skipping day (DSD) separated by a conventional 3-meal-structure day (control)...
May 10, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490117/carotenoid-retention-in-biofortified-maize-using-different-post-harvest-storage-and-packaging-methods
#17
Víctor Taleon, Luke Mugode, Luisa Cabrera-Soto, Natalia Palacios-Rojas
Orange maize is being promoted as a source of provitamin A carotenoids (pVAC) in Zambia. Carotenoid retention in orange maize grains stored in metal silos, multilayer polyethylene and common woven bags, and maize meal packaged in single and multilayer polyethylene bags was evaluated. Significant differences in total pVAC retention were found between grain storage methods (48.1-57.2%) after 6months of storage. Total pVAC retention in hammer meal (73.1-73.5%) was higher than in breakfast meal (64.3-69.3%) after 4months of storage; however, no differences in pVAC retention were found between meal types when stored in single and multilayer polyethylene bags...
October 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488831/reduced-leptin-level-is-independently-of-fat-mass-changes-and-hunger-scores-from-high-intensity-intermittent-plus-strength-training
#18
Daniela S Inoue, Valéria L Gonçalves Panissa, Barbara Mello Antunes, Flaviane Poleto de Oliveira, Raoni Bernardes Malta, Renan Santos Caldeira, Eduardo Zapaterra Campos, Gustavo Duarte Pimentel, Emerson Franchini, Fábio Santos Lira
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to analyze the effects of high-intensity intermittent training (HIIT) plus strength training on body composition, hormone related to energetic balance (leptin), and hunger scores in physically active non-obese men. METHODS: Sixteen men were allocated in two different groups, training group (n=10) performed a combined HIIT (5 km, 1 min of effort interspersed by 1 min of rest in passive recovery) followed by strength exercise session (three sets, with load of 8-12 repetition maximum) twice a week, during 8 weeks, while control group (n=6) did not suffer any intervention...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487606/effect-of-lactobacillus-rhamnosus-hn001-and-bifidobacterium-longum-bb536-on-the-healthy-gut-microbiota-composition-at-phyla-and-species-level-a-preliminary-study
#19
Marco Toscano, Roberta De Grandi, Laura Stronati, Elena De Vecchi, Lorenzo Drago
AIM: To evaluate the ability of Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001 and Bifidobacterium longum BB536 to colonize the intestinal environment of healthy subjects and modify the gut microbiota composition. METHODS: Twenty healthy Italian volunteers, eight males and twelve females, participated in the study. Ten subjects took a sachet containing 4 × 10(9) colony-forming units (CFU) of Bifidobacterium longum BB536 and 10(9) CFU of Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001, 30 min before breakfast (pre-prandial administration), while ten subjects took a sachet of probiotic product 30 min after breakfast (post-prandial administration)...
April 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487248/associations-between-selected-dietary-behaviours-and-academic-achievement-a-study-of-australian-school-aged-children
#20
Tracy Burrows, Sharni Goldman, Richard K Olson, Brian Byrne, William L Coventry
BACKGROUND: Research investigating the effects of dietary behaviours on children's academic achievement has predominately focused on breakfast consumption. The aim of this study was to conduct secondary analysis to examine associations between a range of dietary behaviours and children's academic achievement. METHODOLOGY: Data on five dietary variables (fruit intake; vegetable intake; consumption of takeaway; sugar sweetened beverages; and breakfast) and scores in the five domains of a standardised academic achievement test known as NAPLAN (reading, writing, grammar/punctuation, spelling and numeracy) were obtained for Australian children aged 8-15 years in school grades three (n = 1185), five (n = 1147), seven (n = 1053) and nine (n = 860)...
May 6, 2017: Appetite
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