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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634402/enhanced-antiviral-and-antifibrotic-effects-of-short-hairpin-rnas-targeting-hbv-and-tgf-%C3%AE-in-hbv-persistent-mice
#1
Lei Ye, Fangming Kan, Tao Yan, Jiaqi Cao, Leiliang Zhang, Zhijian Wu, Wuping Li
The hepatitis B virus (HBV) causes acute and chronic liver infection, which may lead to liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Current treatments including interferons and nucleotide analogs, have limited therapeutic effects, underscoring the need to identify effective therapeutic options to inhibit HBV replication and prevent complications. Previous animal models mimicking chronic HBV infection do not faithfully reflect disease progression in humans. Here, we used our established HBV-persistent mouse line with liver fibrosis to evaluate the efficacy of novel therapies...
June 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633655/inhibition-of-mmp-2-and-mmp-9-decreases-cellular-migration-and-angiogenesis-in-in-vitro-models-of-retinoblastoma
#2
Anderson H Webb, Bradley T Gao, Zachary K Goldsmith, Andrew S Irvine, Nabil Saleh, Ryan P Lee, Justin B Lendermon, Rajini Bheemreddy, Qiuhua Zhang, Rachel C Brennan, Dianna Johnson, Jena J Steinle, Matthew W Wilson, Vanessa M Morales-Tirado
BACKGROUND: Retinoblastoma (Rb) is the most common primary intraocular tumor in children. Local treatment of the intraocular disease is usually effective if diagnosed early; however advanced Rb can metastasize through routes that involve invasion of the choroid, sclera and optic nerve or more broadly via the ocular vasculature. Metastatic Rb patients have very high mortality rates. While current therapy for Rb is directed toward blocking tumor cell division and tumor growth, there are no specific treatments targeted to block Rb metastasis...
June 20, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627620/protective-effect-of-human-serum-amyloid-p-on-ccl4-induced-acute-liver-injury-in-mice
#3
Min Cong, Weihua Zhao, Tianhui Liu, Ping Wang, Xu Fan, Qingling Zhai, Xiaoli Bao, Dong Zhang, Hong You, Tatiana Kisseleva, David A Brenner, Jidong Jia, Hui Zhuang
Human serum amyloid P (hSAP), a member of the pentraxin family, inhibits the activation of fibrocytes in culture and inhibits experimental renal, lung, skin and cardiac fibrosis. As hepatic inflammation is one of the causes of liver fibrosis, in the present study, we investigated the hepatoprotective effects of hSAP against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced liver injury. Our data indicated that hSAP attenuated hepatic histopathological abnormalities and significantly decreased inflammatory cell infiltration and pro-inflammatory factor expression...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626027/selective-activation-of-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-in-renal-proximal-tubule-induces-tubulointerstitial-fibrosis
#4
Jessica M Overstreet, Yinqiu Wang, Xin Wang, Aolei Niu, Leslie S Gewin, Bing Yao, Raymond C Harris, Ming-Zhi Zhang
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy and renal fibrosis; however, the causative role of sustained EGFR activation is unclear. Here, we generated a novel kidney fibrotic mouse model of persistent EGFR activation by selectively expressing the EGFR ligand, human heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF), in renal proximal tubule epithelium. Human HB-EGF expression increased tyrosine kinase phosphorylation of EGFR and the subsequent activation of downstream signaling pathways, including ERK and AKT, as well as the profibrotic TGF-β1/SMAD pathway...
June 16, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626025/intranasal-administration-of-mesenchymoangioblast-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-abrogates-airway-fibrosis-and-airway-hyperresponsiveness-associated-with-chronic-allergic-airways-disease
#5
Simon G Royce, Siddharth Rele, Brad R S Broughton, Kilian Kelly, Chrishan S Samuel
Structural changes known as airway remodeling (AWR) characterize chronic/severe asthma and contribute to lung dysfunction. Thus, we assessed the in vivo efficacy of induced pluripotent stem cell and mesenchymoangioblast-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MCA-MSCs) on AWR in a murine model of chronic allergic airways disease (AAD)/asthma. Female Balb/c mice were subjected to a 9-wk model of ovalbumin (OVA)-induced chronic AAD and treated intravenously or intranasally with MCA-MSCs from weeks 9 to11. Changes in airway inflammation (AI), AWR, and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) were assessed...
June 16, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625872/decreased-enteritis-resistance-ability-by-dietary-low-or-excess-levels-of-lipids-through-impairing-the-intestinal-physical-and-immune-barriers-function-of-young-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idella
#6
Lin Feng, Pei-Jun Ni, Wei-Dan Jiang, Pei Wu, Yang Liu, Jun Jiang, Sheng-Yao Kuang, Ling Tang, Wu-Neng Tang, Yong-An Zhang, Xu Tang, He-Qun Shi, Xiao-Qiu Zhou
The current study explores the hypothesis that low or excess levels of lipids decrease the enteritis resistance ability through impairing the intestinal physical and immune barrier function of young grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). A total of 540 young grass carp with an average initial weight of 261.41 ± 0.53 g were fed diets containing six graded levels of lipids at 5.9, 21.4, 36.0, 50.2, 66.6 and 80.1 g/kg for 8 weeks. After that, a challenge trial was conducted by injection of Aeromonas hydrophila over 2 weeks...
June 15, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625142/proteotoxic-stress-desensitizes-tgf-beta-signaling-through-receptor-downregulation-in-retinal-pigment-epithelial-cells
#7
X Tan, C Chen, Y Zhu, J Deng, X Qiu, S Huang, F Shang, B Cheng, Y Liu
BACKGROUND: Transforming growth factor (TGFβ)-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and proteotoxic stress are two main contributors of intraocular fibrotic disorders, including proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) and proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). However, how these two factors communicate with each other is not well-characterized. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the regulatory role of proteotoxic stress on TGFβ signaling in retinal pigment epithelium...
June 19, 2017: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624424/fusaric-acid-fa-protects-heart-failure-induced-by-isoproterenol-isp-in-mice-through-fibrosis-prevention-via-tgf-%C3%AE-1-smads-and-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathways
#8
Xin Li, Zhou-Long Zhang, Hui-Fen Wang
Fusaric acid (FA) is a novel compound derived from a class of nicotinic acid derivatives, exhibiting activity against cancers. However, its role in regulating cardiac injury is limited. Our study was aimed to investigate the role and the underlying molecular mechanism of FA in heart fibrosis and hypertrophy. Isoproterenol (ISP) was used to induce cardiac fibrosis and hypertrophy in vitro and in vivo. FA administration ameliorated hypertrophy by reducing atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), and β -myosin heavy chain (β-MHC) in vitro and in vivo...
June 15, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622591/targeting-proinflammatory-cytokines-oxidative-stress-tgf-%C3%AE-1-and-stat-3-by-rosuvastatin-and-ubiquinone-to-ameliorate-trastuzumab-cardiotoxicity
#9
Ahmed M Kabel, Abeer A Elkhoely
The aim of this study was to assess the possible modulatory effects of rosuvastatin and/or ubiquinone on trastuzumab (TRZ)-induced cardiotoxicity in mice. One hundred and twenty mice were divided into six equal groups as follows: control group; TRZ group; TRZ+carboxymethyl cellulose group; TRZ+rosuvastatin group; TRZ+Ubiquinone group and TRZ+rosuvastatin+Ubiquinone group. Serum creatine kinase (CK-MB), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), troponin I and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-pro BNP) were measured...
June 13, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620643/activin-biology-after-lung-transplantation
#10
Glen P Westall, Gregory I Snell, Monika Loskot, Bronwyn Levvey, Robyn O'Hehir, Mark P Hedger, David M de Kretser
BACKGROUND: Activins A and B, members of the TGF-β superfamily, are produced as part of the physiological response to tissue damage and the resulting proinflammatory response. Given that lung allograft reperfusion results in an inflammatory response, it is likely that the activins and their binding protein follistatin will form part of the regulatory response. There is a need to document the response of these proteins to allograft reperfusion to determine if there is a role for the use of follistatin to control the biological actions of the activins because some of these are potentially damaging...
June 2017: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620270/flucytosine-and-amphotericin-b-coadministration-induces-dose-related-renal-injury
#11
Alexandra Folk, Cornel Balta, Hildegard Herman, Alexandra Ivan, Oana Maria Boldura, Lucian Paiusan, Aurel Ardelean, Anca Hermenean
Invasive fungal infections remain an important clinical problem, and despite recent approaches, they bring high morbidity and mortality. Combination therapies are the most effective; however, adverse effects need to be considered. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the nephrotoxicity induced by combined therapy of flucytosine (FL) and amphotericin B (AMF) at 3 different doses administered to mice for 14 days: 300 μg/kg AMF+50 mg/kg FL; 600 μg/kg AMF+100 mg/kg FL; 900 μg/kg AMF+150 mg/kg FL. Antifungal coadministration triggered nuclear translocation of NF-κB and upregulated nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells subunit p65 (NF-κB p65) messenger RNA mRNA level in dose-dependent manner...
April 2017: Dose-response: a Publication of International Hormesis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620062/urine-biomarkers-to-predict-response-to-lupus-nephritis-therapy-in-children-and-young-adults
#12
Hermine I Brunner, Michael R Bennett, Gaurav Gulati, Khalid Abulaban, Marisa S Klein-Gitelman, Stacy P Ardoin, Lori B Tucker, Kelly A Rouster-Stevens, David Witte, Jun Ying, Prasad Devarajan
OBJECTIVE: To delineate urine biomarkers that forecast response to therapy of lupus nephritis (LN). METHODS: Starting from the time of kidney biopsy, patients with childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus who were diagnosed with LN were studied serially. Levels of 15 biomarkers were measured in random spot urine samples, including adiponectin, α-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP), ceruloplasmin, hemopexin, hepcidin, kidney injury molecule 1, monocyte chemotactic protein-1, lipocalin-like prostaglandin D synthase (LPGDS), transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), transferrin, and vitamin D binding protein (VDBP)...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619646/time-dependent-effects-of-hjp272-an-endothelin-receptor-antagonist-in-bleomycin-induced-pulmonary-fibrosis
#13
Xingjian Liu, Nikhil Khadtare, Hardek Patel, Ralph Stephani, Jerome Cantor
Using a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) model of acute lung injury, we have previously shown that endothelin-1 (ET-1), a potent mediator of vasoconstriction, may act as a "gatekeeper" for the influx of inflammatory cells into the lung. To further investigate the potential of ET-1 to limit the progression of lung injury, hamsters were treated with an endothelin receptor antagonist (ERA), HJP272, either 1 h prior to intratracheal instillation of bleomycin (BLM) or 24 h afterwards. Lung injury and repair were examined by measuring the following parameters: 1) histopathological changes; 2) neutrophil content in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF); 3) lung collagen content; 4) tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1) expression by BALF macrophages; 5) BALF levels of: a) transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-β1), b) stromal cell-derived factor 1 (commonly referred to as CXCL12), and c) platelet-derived growth factor BB (PDGF-BB); 6) alveolar septal cell apoptosis (as measured by the TUNEL assay)...
June 12, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614921/-the-study-of-using-cordyceps-astragalus-salvia-miltiorrhiza-to-treat-acute-lung-injury-induced-by-paraquat-poisoning-in-rats
#14
Q L Li, J L Liu, J R Wang, X D Jian, B T Kan, Z C Zhang
Objective: To study the therapy of cordyceps-astragalus-salvia miltiorrhiza in treating acute lung injury and pulmonary interstitial fibrosis induced by paraquat poisoning. Methods: All 120 adult Wister male rats were randomly assigned to three groups, the paraquat poisoning group (rats were intragastric administration paraquat 50 mg/kg body weight once at the beginning) , the cordyceps-astragalus-salvia miltiorrhiza therapy group (rats were given cordyceps-astragalus-salvia miltiorrhiza 90 mg/kg body weight intragastric administration half an hour after paraquat was given, then the same dose was given once a day) ; control group (rats were intragastric administration with physiological saline) ...
April 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607112/cutting-edge-active-tgf-%C3%AE-1-released-from-garp-tgf-%C3%AE-1-complexes-on-the-surface-of-stimulated-human-b-lymphocytes-increases-class-switch-recombination-and-production-of-iga
#15
Olivier Dedobbeleer, Julie Stockis, Bas van der Woning, Pierre G Coulie, Sophie Lucas
Production of active TGF-β is regulated at a posttranslational level and implies release of the mature cytokine dimer from the inactive, latent TGF-β precursor. There are several cell-type specific mechanisms of TGF-β activation. We identified a new mechanism operating on the surface of human regulatory T cells and involving membrane protein GARP, which binds latent TGF-β1. The paracrine activity of regulatory T cell-derived TGF-β1 contributes to immunosuppression and can be inhibited with anti-GARP Abs...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607086/specific-targeting-of-tgf-%C3%AE-family-ligands-demonstrates-distinct-roles-in-the-regulation-of-muscle-mass-in-health-and-disease
#16
Justin L Chen, Kelly L Walton, Adam Hagg, Timothy D Colgan, Katharine Johnson, Hongwei Qian, Paul Gregorevic, Craig A Harrison
The transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) network of ligands and intracellular signaling proteins is a subject of intense interest within the field of skeletal muscle biology. To define the relative contribution of endogenous TGF-β proteins to the negative regulation of muscle mass via their activation of the Smad2/3 signaling axis, we used local injection of adeno-associated viral vectors (AAVs) encoding ligand-specific antagonists into the tibialis anterior (TA) muscles of C57BL/6 mice. Eight weeks after AAV injection, inhibition of activin A and activin B signaling produced moderate (∼20%), but significant, increases in TA mass, indicating that endogenous activins repress muscle growth...
June 12, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606320/lice-induced-immuno-oxidative-wreckage-of-goats
#17
Y Ajith, U Dimri, Shanker K Singh, A Gopalakrishnan, Gopinath Devi, M R Verma, Vivek Joshi, Shahjahan Alam
The present study aimed to evaluate the immuno-oxidative patho-biology of lice infestation in goats. Sixty goats were divided into five groups; sucking lice (Linognathus africanus) infested (Group 1, n=12), chewing lice (Bovicola caprae) infested-mild (Group 2, n=12), chewing lice (B. caprae) infested-moderate (Group 3, n=12), chewing lice (B. caprae) infested-severe (Group 4, n=12) and healthy control (Group 5, n=12). To assess the pathological changes, markers of oxidative stress (lipid peroxidation-LPO, reduced glutathione-GSH, superoxide dismutase-SOD, Catalase-CAT and total antioxidant capacity-TAC), the markers of immune status (Tumour necrosis factor alpha- TNF-α, Interleukin-10- IL-10, Transforming growth factor beta 1- TGF-β1, ratios of TNF-α/IL-10 and TNF-α/TGF-β1) and hemato-biochemical status were evaluated...
August 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599652/regulatory-t-cells-in-multiple-sclerosis-and-myasthenia-gravis
#18
REVIEW
K M Danikowski, S Jayaraman, B S Prabhakar
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic debilitating disease of the central nervous system primarily mediated by T lymphocytes with specificity to neuronal antigens in genetically susceptible individuals. On the other hand, myasthenia gravis (MG) primarily involves destruction of the neuromuscular junction by antibodies specific to the acetylcholine receptor. Both autoimmune diseases are thought to result from loss of self-tolerance, which allows for the development and function of autoreactive lymphocytes. Although the mechanisms underlying compromised self-tolerance in these and other autoimmune diseases have not been fully elucidated, one possibility is numerical, functional, and/or migratory deficits in T regulatory cells (Tregs)...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591041/relationship-of-treg-th17-balance-with-hbeag-change-in-hbeag-positive-chronic-hepatitis-b-patients-receiving-telbivudine-antiviral-treatment-a-longitudinal-observational-study
#19
Xiaoling Yang, Jia Li, Jie Liu, Min Gao, Li Zhou, Wei Lu
Telbivudine (LdT) is an orally L-nucleoside with potent and specific antihepatitis B virus (HBV) activity. The higher rate of hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) seroconversion of LdT treatment than other anti-HBV agents suggests a potential immunomodulatory effect. The aim of the study was to investigate the changes of regulatory T cell (Treg)/interleukin (IL)-17-producing CD4+T helper (Th17) balance during LdT treatment and to discuss the relationship of Treg/Th17 balance with HBeAg change in HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients receiving LdT antiviral treatment...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584963/steroid-resistant-autoimmune-myelofibrosis-in-a-patient-with-autoimmune-hepatitis-and-evans-syndrome-complicated-with-increased-expression-of-tgf-%C3%AE-in-the-bone-marrow-a-case-report
#20
Hiroshi Ohkawara, Miki Furukawa, Kazuhiko Ikeda, Akiko Shichishima-Nakamura, Masahiko Fukatsu, Takahiro Sano, Koki Ueda, Satoshi Kimura, Risa Kanai, Yuka Oka, Fumi Murakami, Osamu Suzuki, Yuko Hashimoto, Kazuei Ogawa, Takayuki Ikezoe
We here report a 47-year-old female with autoimmune myelofibrosis (AIMF) associated with liver damage caused by autoimmune hepatitis and Evans syndrome. Bone marrow biopsy revealed hypocellular marrow with grade 2 reticulin fibrosis and increased levels of B lymphocytes (CD20(+)), T lymphocytes (CD3(+), CD8(+)), and plasma cells (CD138(+)). Immunohistochemical analysis revealed increased expression of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) in infiltrating lymphocytes and macrophages in the bone marrow. She was initially treated with oral prednisolone (PSL) for 2 months, which had a limited effect...
June 5, 2017: International Journal of Hematology
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