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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025070/interdisciplinary-family-conferences-to-improve-patient-experience-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#1
Jennifer A Trujillo, Yesenia Fernandez, Lyla Ghafoori, Kristina Lok, Arwin Valencia
Parents play a significant role in the development of their neonate. They can affect the length of stay in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and are seen as an integral part of the team. Parents are often put in positions where difficult decision making is required of them in the care of their critically ill child. Studies suggest that one way to improve the family's experience and to encourage their involvement is by establishing a formal and focused family conference. Therefore, the NICU social workers and the interdisciplinary team collaborated to formulate strategies to improve communication that would enhance current practice...
September 15, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017916/conflict-detection-and-resolution-rely-on-a-combination-of-common-and-distinct-cognitive-control-networks
#2
REVIEW
Qi Li, Guochun Yang, Zhenghan Li, Yanyan Qi, Michael W Cole, Xun Liu
Cognitive control can be activated by stimulus-stimulus (S-S) and stimulus-response (S-R) conflicts. However, whether cognitive control is domain-general or domain-specific remains unclear. To deepen the understanding of the functional organization of cognitive control networks, we conducted activation likelihood estimation (ALE) from 111 neuroimaging studies to examine brain activation in conflict-related tasks. We observed that fronto-parietal and cingulo-opercular networks were commonly engaged by S-S and S-R conflicts, showing a domain-general pattern...
October 7, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017154/screening-performance-of-placental-growth-factor-for-the-prediction-of-low-birth-weight-and-adverse-intrapartum-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-a-term-low-risk-population
#3
Larissa N Bligh, Ristan M Greer, Sailesh Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Fetuses who fail to reach their genetic growth potential are thought to have sub-optimal placental function. Low placental growth factor (PlGF) levels have been shown to be predictive of placentally mediated conditions, such as pre-eclampsia or fetal growth restriction. We investigated the screening performance of PlGF for the prediction of low birth weight (<10th centile for gestation) and adverse intrapartum and neonatal outcomes in apparently low-risk term pregnancies...
October 11, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979259/unraveling-macrophage-heterogeneity-in-erythroblastic-islands
#4
Katie Giger Seu, Julien Papoin, Rose Fessler, Jimmy Hom, Gang Huang, Narla Mohandas, Lionel Blanc, Theodosia A Kalfa
Mammalian erythropoiesis occurs within erythroblastic islands (EBIs), niches where maturing erythroblasts interact closely with a central macrophage. While it is generally accepted that EBI macrophages play an important role in erythropoiesis, thorough investigation of the mechanisms by which they support erythropoiesis is limited largely by inability to identify and isolate the specific macrophage sub-population that constitute the EBI. Early studies utilized immunohistochemistry or immunofluorescence to study EBI morphology and structure, while more recent efforts have used flow cytometry for high-throughput quantitative characterization of EBIs and their central macrophages...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946760/ventral-striatum-functional-connectivity-as-a-predictor-of-adolescent-depressive-disorder-in-a-longitudinal-community-based-sample
#5
Pedro Mario Pan, João R Sato, Giovanni A Salum, Luis A Rohde, Ary Gadelha, Andre Zugman, Jair Mari, Andrea Jackowski, Felipe Picon, Eurípedes C Miguel, Daniel S Pine, Ellen Leibenluft, Rodrigo A Bressan, Argyris Stringaris
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have implicated aberrant reward processing in the pathogenesis of adolescent depression. However, no study has used functional connectivity within a distributed reward network, assessed using resting-state functional MRI (fMRI), to predict the onset of depression in adolescents. This study used reward network-based functional connectivity at baseline to predict depressive disorder at follow-up in a community sample of adolescents. METHOD: A total of 637 children 6-12 years old underwent resting-state fMRI...
September 26, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936669/impedance-flow-cytometry-as-a-tool-to-analyze-microspore-and-pollen-quality
#6
Iris Heidmann, Marco Di Berardino
Analyzing pollen quality in an efficient and reliable manner is of great importance to the industries involved in seed and fruit production, plant breeding, and plant research. Pollen quality parameters, viability and germination capacity, are analyzed by various staining methods or by in vitro germination assays, respectively. These methods are time-consuming, species-dependent, and require a lab environment. Furthermore, the obtained viability data are often poorly related to in vivo pollen germination and seed set...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921389/altered-structure-and-intrinsic-functional-connectivity-in-post-stroke-aphasia
#7
Mi Yang, Pu Yang, Yun-Shuang Fan, Jiao Li, Dezhong Yao, Wei Liao, Huafu Chen
Previous studies have demonstrated that alterations of gray matter exist in post-stroke aphasia (PSA) patients. However, so far, few studies combined structural alterations of gray matter volume (GMV) and intrinsic functional connectivity (iFC) imbalances of resting-state functional MRI to investigate the mechanism underlying PSA. The present study investigated specific regions with GMV abnormality in patients with PSA (n = 17) and age- and sex- matched healthy controls (HCs, n = 20) using voxel-based morphometry...
September 18, 2017: Brain Topography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912565/real-time-image-processing-for-microscopy-based-label-free-imaging-flow-cytometry-in-a-microfluidic-chip
#8
Young Jin Heo, Donghyeon Lee, Junsu Kang, Keondo Lee, Wan Kyun Chung
Imaging flow cytometry (IFC) is an emerging technology that acquires single-cell images at high-throughput for analysis of a cell population. Rich information that comes from high sensitivity and spatial resolution of a single-cell microscopic image is beneficial for single-cell analysis in various biological applications. In this paper, we present a fast image-processing pipeline (R-MOD: Real-time Moving Object Detector) based on deep learning for high-throughput microscopy-based label-free IFC in a microfluidic chip...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900180/emotion-perception-improvement-following-high-frequency-transcranial-random-noise-stimulation-of-the-inferior-frontal-cortex
#9
Tegan Penton, Laura Dixon, Lauren Jayne Evans, Michael J Banissy
Facial emotion perception plays a key role in interpersonal communication and is a precursor for a variety of socio-cognitive abilities. One brain region thought to support emotion perception is the inferior frontal cortex (IFC). The current study aimed to examine whether modulating neural activity in the IFC using high frequency transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS) could enhance emotion perception abilities. In Experiment 1, participants received either tRNS to IFC or sham stimulation prior to completing facial emotion and identity perception tasks...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895673/the-effect-of-interferential-current-therapy-on-patients-with-subacromial-impingement-syndrome-a-randomized-double-blind-sham-controlled-study
#10
Tuba Nazligul, Pinar Akpinar, Ilknur Aktas, Feyza Unlu Ozkan, Hulya Cagliyan Hartevioglu
BACKGROUND: Although interferential current (IFC) is a common electrotherapeutic modality used to treat musculoskeletal pain, there is not any randomized controlled trial investigating its clinical efficacy in subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS). AIM: Investigation of effectiveness of IFC treatment in patients with SAIS. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled study. SETTING: Physical medicine and rehabilitation outpatient clinic...
September 11, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805061/triple-helix-molecular-switch-electrochemical-ratiometric-biosensor-for-ultrasensitive-detection-of-nucleic-acids
#11
Erhu Xiong, Zhenzhen Li, Xiaohua Zhang, Jiawan Zhou, Xiaoxia Yan, Yunqing Liu, Jinhua Chen
Biomolecular receptors such as nucleic acids that switch between two or more conformations upon binding to a specific target can be used to build specific and sensitive biosensors. In this work, based on the electrochemical dual-signaling ratiometric strategy and triple-helix molecular switch, we developed a selective, reusable, and simple electrochemical DNA (E-DNA) biosensor for target DNA (T-DNA) detection. A hairpin DNA capture probe labeled with methylene blue (MB-DNA) self-assembles on the surface of a gold electrode (GE) through Au-S bond, and then a single-strand DNA modified with two ferrocenes (Fc-DNA) on each end to enhance the oxidation signal hybridizes with the MB-DNA to form a triple-helix conformation...
September 5, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803558/global-comparison-of-national-individual-food-consumption-surveys-as-a-basis-for-health-research-and-integration-in-national-health-surveillance-programmes
#12
Inge Huybrechts, Elom K Aglago, Amy Mullee, Willem De Keyzer, Catherine Leclercq, Pauline Allemand, Agnieszka Balcerzak, Francis B Zotor, Marc J Gunter
Individual food consumption surveys (IFCS) are performed to evaluate compliance with food/nutrient intake requirements or exposure to potential harmful dietary contaminants/components. In this review, we inventoried methods and designs used in national IFCS and discussed the methodologies applied across countries. Literature searches were performed using fixed sets of search terms in different online databases. We identified IFCS in thirty-nine countries from six world continents. National IFCS systems are available in most of the high-income countries, while such surveys are scarce in low- and middle-income countries (e...
August 14, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803557/altered-intrinsic-functional-connectivity-of-the-cingulate-cortex-in-children-with-severe-temper-outbursts
#13
Amy Krain Roy, Randi Bennett, Jonathan Posner, Leslie Hulvershorn, F Xavier Castellanos, Rachel G Klein
Severe temper outbursts (STO) in children are associated with impaired school and family functioning and may contribute to negative outcomes. These outbursts can be conceptualized as excessive frustration responses reflecting reduced emotion regulation capacity. The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) has been implicated in negative affect as well as emotional control, and exhibits disrupted function in children with elevated irritability and outbursts. This study examined the intrinsic functional connectivity (iFC) of a region of the ACC, the anterior midcingulate cortex (aMCC), in 5- to 9-year-old children with STO (n = 20), comparing them to children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) without outbursts (ADHD; n = 18)...
August 14, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765804/integrated-fixation-cage-loosening-under-fatigue-loading
#14
Srinidhi Nagaraja, Vivek Palepu
BACKGROUND: Screw loosening is a well-known adverse event in traditional spinal fusion instrumentation. This phenomenon may hinder segmental stability of the spine leading to bony non-union. In recent years numerous lumbar integrated fixation cages (IFC) have been introduced that offer a low profile alternative to a standard cage with an anterior plate (AP+C). The fixation approach for IFCs is different than a traditional anterior approach; therefore, it is unclear whether IFCs may loosen from the surrounding bone over time...
2017: International Journal of Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740505/object-extraction-in-cluttered-environments-via-a-p300-based-ifce
#15
Xiaoqian Mao, Wei Li, Huidong He, Bin Xian, Ming Zeng, Huihui Zhou, Linwei Niu, Genshe Chen
One of the fundamental issues for robot navigation is to extract an object of interest from an image. The biggest challenges for extracting objects of interest are how to use a machine to model the objects in which a human is interested and extract them quickly and reliably under varying illumination conditions. This article develops a novel method for segmenting an object of interest in a cluttered environment by combining a P300-based brain computer interface (BCI) and an improved fuzzy color extractor (IFCE)...
2017: Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651987/management-of-the-incidental-renal-mass%C3%A2-on-ct-a-white-paper-of-the-acr%C3%A2-incidental-findings-committee
#16
Brian R Herts, Stuart G Silverman, Nicole M Hindman, Robert G Uzzo, Robert P Hartman, Gary M Israel, Deborah A Baumgarten, Lincoln L Berland, Pari V Pandharipande
The ACR Incidental Findings Committee (IFC) presents recommendations for renal masses that are incidentally detected on CT. These recommendations represent an update from the renal component of the JACR 2010 white paper on managing incidental findings in the adrenal glands, kidneys, liver, and pancreas. The Renal Subcommittee, consisting of six abdominal radiologists and one urologist, developed this algorithm. The recommendations draw from published evidence and expert opinion and were finalized by informal iterative consensus...
June 22, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627420/distinct-neural-processes-support-post-success-and-post-error-slowing-in-the-stop-signal-task
#17
Yihe Zhang, Jaime S Ide, Sheng Zhang, Sien Hu, Nikola S Valchev, Xiaoying Tang, Chiang-Shan R Li
Executive control requires behavioral adaptation to environmental contingencies. In the stop signal task (SST), participants exhibit slower go trial reaction time (RT) following a stop trial, whether or not they successfully interrupt the motor response. In previous fMRI studies, we demonstrated activation of the right-hemispheric ventrolateral prefrontal cortex, in the area of inferior frontal gyrus, pars opercularis (IFGpo) and anterior insula (AI), during post-error slowing (PES). However, in similar analyses we were not able to identify regional activities during post-success slowing (PSS)...
June 13, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618098/pre-labor-fetal-cardiac-function-and-its-relationship-with-intrapartum-fetal-compromise-and-neonatal-status-at-term
#18
Amal A Alsolai, Larissa N Bligh, Ristan M Greer, Sailesh Kumar
OBJECTIVES: To prospectively investigate the relationship between fetal cardiac function and Doppler parameters with intrapartum fetal compromise (IFC) in term appropriately grown fetuses prior to labour. Secondary outcomes were to correlate prenatal cardiac function with neonatal acid base status, intrapartum fetal heart rate abnormalities adverse neonatal outcomes. METHODS: This was a blinded, prospective, observational, cohort study, at the Mater Mother's Hospital, Brisbane, Australia...
June 15, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610744/prenatal-manganese-exposure-and-intrinsic-functional-connectivity-of-emotional-brain-areas-in-children
#19
Erik de Water, Erika Proal, Victoria Wang, Sandra Martínez Medina, Lourdes Schnaas, Martha María Téllez-Rojo, Robert O Wright, Cheuk Y Tang, Megan K Horton
Manganese (Mn) is an essential trace metal that is neurotoxic at high levels of exposure. Disruption of brain maturation processes during the prenatal period may have lasting consequences. During this critical period, the developing human brain is uniquely vulnerable to exposure to environmental toxicants such as Mn, and prenatal Mn exposure has been associated with changes in brain areas involved in emotion processing and regulation. The goal of the present pilot study was to examine whether prenatal Mn exposure is associated with changes in the intrinsic functional connectivity (iFC) of the brain in childhood, focusing on changes in emotional brain areas...
June 10, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594099/cerebroplacental-ratio-thresholds-measured-within-two-weeks-of-birth-and-the-risk-of-cesarean-section-for-intrapartum-fetal-compromise-and-adverse-neonatal-outcome
#20
Larissa N Bligh, Amal A Alsolai, Ristan M Greer, Sailesh Kumar
OBJECTIVES: Prediction of intrapartum fetal compromise in uncomplicated, term pregnancies is a global obstetric challenge. Currently, no widely accepted screening test for this condition exists, although the cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) shows promise. We aimed to prospectively evaluate the screening performance of the CPR 10(th) centile for detection of Cesarean section for intrapartum fetal compromise (IFC) and composite adverse neonatal outcome (ANO) in low-risk women from 36 weeks and to determine the best CPR threshold from three previously described in the literature...
June 8, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
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