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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791321/innovative-multi-site-photoplethysmography-measurement-and-analysis-demonstrating-increased-arterial-stiffness-in-paediatric-heart-transplant-recipients
#1
Emma J Sharkey, Costanzo Di Maria, Annette Klinge, Alan Murray, Dingchang Zheng, John O'Sullivan, John Allen
OBJECTIVE: It has been documented that heart transplantation in children is often complicated by arterial hypertension and increased arterial stiffness. AIM: to use innovative multi-site photoplethysmography (MPPG) pulse measurement and analysis technology to assess arterial stiffness change in paediatric heart transplant recipients (HTR) in comparison with healthy control (HC) children. 
 
 Approach: 20 heart transplant (median age 13.5 years old) (8 male) recipients were compared to an overall age- and gender-matched group of 161 healthy controls (11...
May 23, 2018: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785691/psychometric-properties-of-the-multidimensional-loss-scale-with-refugee-women-at-risk-recently-arrived-in-australia
#2
Lyn Vromans, Robert D Schweitzer, Mark Brough, Ignacio Correa-Velez, Kate Murray, Caroline Lenette
Refugee women-at-risk represent a distinct and vulnerable refugee population. We investigated the psychometric properties of the Multidimensional Loss Scale (MLS) with 104 women-at-risk, recently-arrived in Australia. Cross-sectional survey included: the MLS (indexing loss events and loss distress); Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (Indexing Trauma Events and Trauma Symptoms), and; Hopkins Symptom Checklist-37 (indexing anxiety, depression, and somatization symptoms). Exploratory factor analyses of MLS loss distress revealed a six-factor model (loss of symbolic self; loss of home; loss of interdependence; loss of past aspirations; interpersonal loss, and; loss of intrapersonal integrity)...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760980/optimization-of-wavelength-selection-for-multispectral-image-acquisition-a-case-study-of-atrial-ablation-lesions
#3
Huda Asfour, Shuyue Guan, Narine Muselimyan, Luther Swift, Murray Loew, Narine Sarvazyan
In vivo autofluorescence hyperspectral imaging of moving objects can be challenging due to motion artifacts and to the limited amount of acquired photons. To address both limitations, we selectively reduced the number of spectral bands while maintaining accurate target identification. Several downsampling approaches were applied to data obtained from the atrial tissue of adult pigs with sites of radiofrequency ablation lesions. Standard image qualifiers such as the mean square error, the peak signal-to-noise ratio, the structural similarity index map, and an accuracy index of lesion component images were used to quantify the effects of spectral binning, an increased spectral distance between individual bands, as well as random combinations of spectral bands...
May 1, 2018: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751070/deep-brain-stimulation-enhances-movement-complexity-during-gait-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease
#4
Douglas W Powell, Sarah E Blackmore, Melissa Puppa, Deranda Lester, Nicholas G Murray, Rebecca J Reed-Jones, Rui-Ping Xia
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is associated with substantial improvements in motor symptoms of PD. Emerging evidence has suggested that nonlinear measures of complexity may provide greater insight into the efficacy of anti-PD treatments. This study investigated sample entropy and complexity index values in individuals with PD when DBS was OFF compared to ON. Five individuals with PD using DBS performed a four-minute treadmill walking task while 3D kinematics were collected over two periods of 30 seconds. Participants were tested in the DBS-ON and DBS-OFF conditions...
May 8, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713043/epigenome-wide-association-study-of-adiposity-and-future-risk-of-obesity-related-diseases
#5
Gianluca Campanella, Marc J Gunter, Silvia Polidoro, Vittorio Krogh, Domenico Palli, Salvatore Panico, Carlotta Sacerdote, Rosario Tumino, Giovanni Fiorito, Simonetta Guarrera, Licia Iacoviello, Ingvar A Bergdahl, Beatrice Melin, Per Lenner, Theo M C M de Kok, Panagiotis Georgiadis, Jos C S Kleinjans, Soterios A Kyrtopoulos, H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Karen A Lillycrop, Anne M May, N Charlotte Onland-Moret, Robert Murray, Elio Riboli, Monique Verschuren, Eiliv Lund, Nicolle Mode, Torkjel M Sandanger, Valentina Fiano, Morena Trevisan, Giuseppe Matullo, Philippe Froguel, Paul Elliott, Paolo Vineis, Marc Chadeau-Hyam
BACKGROUND: Obesity is an established risk factor for several common chronic diseases such as breast and colorectal cancer, metabolic and cardiovascular diseases; however, the biological basis for these relationships is not fully understood. To explore the association of obesity with these conditions, we investigated peripheral blood leucocyte (PBL) DNA methylation markers for adiposity and their contribution to risk of incident breast and colorectal cancer and myocardial infarction. METHODS: DNA methylation profiles (Illumina Infinium® HumanMethylation450 BeadChip) from 1941 individuals from four population-based European cohorts were analysed in relation to body mass index, waist circumference, waist-hip and waist-height ratio within a meta-analytical framework...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707853/blood-utilisation-in-a-developing-society-what-is-the-best-index-of-efficiency
#6
K S Charles, L De Freitas, R Ramoutar, R Goolam, S Juman, D Murray, R Jhingai, A Chantry
OBJECTIVES: To assess blood usage for elective surgery in a developing country as a first step towards developing a maximum surgical blood-ordering schedule (MSBOS). BACKGROUND: Cross-match:transfusion (C/T) ratio, transfusion index (Ti ) and transfusion ratio (T%) are standard indices of efficient blood usage for elective surgical procedures. The MSBOS assigns surgical procedures to Group and Cross Match (GXM) and Group and Save (G&S) categories. Non-use probability (NUP) is the percentage of blood that is requested but not used...
April 30, 2018: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700597/cerebrospinal-fluid-neurogranin-concentration-in-neurodegeneration-relation-to-clinical-phenotypes-and-neuropathology
#7
Erik Portelius, Bob Olsson, Kina Höglund, Nicholas C Cullen, Hlin Kvartsberg, Ulf Andreasson, Henrik Zetterberg, Åsa Sandelius, Leslie M Shaw, Virginia M Y Lee, David J Irwin, Murray Grossman, Daniel Weintraub, Alice Chen-Plotkin, David A Wolk, Leo McCluskey, Lauren Elman, Jennifer McBride, Jon B Toledo, John Q Trojanowski, Kaj Blennow
Neurogranin (Ng) is a post-synaptic protein that previously has been shown to be a biomarker for synaptic function when measured in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The CSF concentration of Ng is increased in Alzheimer's disease dementia (ADD), and even in the pre-dementia stage. In this prospective study, we used an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay that quantifies Ng in CSF to test the performance of Ng as a marker of synaptic function. In 915 patients, CSF Ng was evaluated across several different neurodegenerative diseases...
April 26, 2018: Acta Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696579/does-intra-individual-neurocognitive-variability-relate-to-neuroinvasive-disease-and-quality-of-life-in-west-nile-virus
#8
David P Sheppard, Steven Paul Woods, Rodrigo Hasbun, Lucrecia Salazar, Melissa S Nolan, Kristy O Murray
West Nile Virus (WNV) can be a neuroinvasive pathogen that may produce persistent mild-to-moderate neurocognitive impairments in some infected persons. Intra-individual variability (IIV) is an index of a person's performance across a neuropsychological test or battery, which is an indicator of neurocognitive control and integrity of prefrontal systems. The present study examined possible associations of IIV to neurological health and well-being in WNV infection. Participants included 84 adults with a range of clinical WNV disease (31 West Nile Encephalitis, 16 West Nile Meningitis, 37 West Nile Fever) who completed the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS)...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Neurovirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688532/a-novel-lupus-activity-index-accounting-for-glucocorticoids-sledai-2k-glucocorticoid-index
#9
Zahi Touma, Dafna D Gladman, Jiandong Su, Nicole Anderson, Murray B Urowitz
Objective: To develop and validate a modification of SLEDAI-2K to accurately describe disease activity while accounting for glucocorticoid (GC) doses. Methods: The first two phases focused on the development of the index. Phase 1: identification of scenarios of real patients seen prospectively in a longitudinal cohort. Phase 2: derivation of an equation that explains the association between SLEDAI-2K and GC doses using physician global assessment as the external construct...
April 20, 2018: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682773/mortality-data-from-the-european-adrenal-insufficiency-registry-patient-characterization-and-associations
#10
Marcus Quinkler, Bertil Ekman, Pinggao Zhang, Andrea M Isidori, Robert D Murray
OBJECTIVE: Mortality from primary and secondary adrenal insufficiency (AI; PAI and SAI, respectively) is 2-3-fold higher than in the general population. Mortality relates to cardiovascular disease, acute adrenal crisis (AC), cancer and infections; however, there has been little further characterization of patients who have died. DESIGN/METHODS: We analysed real-world data from 2034 patients (801 PAI, 1233 SAI) in the European Adrenal Insufficiency Registry (EU-AIR; NCT01661387)...
April 22, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603927/chips-in-the-sunshine-color-constancy-with-real-versus-simulated-munsell-chips-under-illuminants-adjacent-to-the-daylight-locus
#11
Jeremiah M F Kelly, Ausra Daugirdiene, Janus J Kulikowski, Ian J Murray
Accurate color judgments rely on a powerful cognitive component. Here we compare the performance of color constancy under real and simulated conditions. Shifts in the u' v' color plane induced by illuminant A (2750 K) and illuminant S (>20,000  K) were measured using asymmetric color matching. A general linear model was used to predict performance from the following dependent variables: chroma ("4" and "6"), illuminant ("A" and "S"), presentation mode ("Real" and "Monitor"), and hue zone ("blue," "green," "yellow," "red," and "purple")...
April 1, 2018: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600819/association-between-medication-adherence-and-the-outcomes-of-heart-failure
#12
Sarah R Hood, Anthony J Giazzon, Gwen Seamon, Kathleen A Lane, Jane Wang, George J Eckert, Wanzhu Tu, Michael D Murray
BACKGROUND: Previous studies of heart failure patients demonstrated an association between cardiovascular medication adherence and hospitalizations or a composite end point of hospitalization and death. Few studies have assessed the impact of treatment adherence within large general medical populations that distinguish the health outcomes of emergency department visits, hospitalization, and death. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of incremental cardiovascular medication adherence on emergency department visits, hospitalization, and death in adult heart failure patients in Indiana...
March 30, 2018: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596281/chikungunya-in-a-pediatric-traveler
#13
Vanessa A Thomas, Kristy O Murray, Heather L Crouse
Chikungunya is a mosquito-transmitted virus found primarily in Africa and Asia. In late 2013, chikungunya virus emerged in the Western hemisphere, spreading from the Caribbean to South, Central, and North America (MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2014;63:1121-1128). Symptoms can be similar to nonspecific viral presentations including fever, joint pain, joint swelling, and rash. The diagnosis of infectious tropical diseases in the emergency department often requires a high index of suspicion, given the nonspecific early findings that characterize many of these tropical diseases...
March 28, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564751/complexity-of-preoperative-blood-pressure-dynamics-possible-utility-in-cardiac-surgical-risk-assessment
#14
Teresa S Henriques, Madalena D Costa, Pooja Mathur, Priyam Mathur, Roger B Davis, Murray A Mittleman, Kamal R Khabbaz, Ary L Goldberger, Balachundhar Subramaniam
Complexity measures are intended to assess the cardiovascular system's capacity to respond to stressors. We sought to determine if decreased BP complexity is associated with increased estimated risk as obtained from two standard instruments: the Society of Thoracic Surgeons' (STS) Risk of Mortality and Morbidity Index and the European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation Score (EuroSCORE II). In this observational cohort study, preoperative systolic, diastolic, mean (MAP) and pulse pressure (PP) time series were derived in 147 patients undergoing cardiac surgery...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549330/publisher-correction-protein-altering-variants-associated-with-body-mass-index-implicate-pathways-that-control-energy-intake-and-expenditure-in-obesity
#15
Valérie Turcot, Yingchang Lu, Heather M Highland, Claudia Schurmann, Anne E Justice, Rebecca S Fine, Jonathan P Bradfield, Tõnu Esko, Ayush Giri, Mariaelisa Graff, Xiuqing Guo, Audrey E Hendricks, Tugce Karaderi, Adelheid Lempradl, Adam E Locke, Anubha Mahajan, Eirini Marouli, Suthesh Sivapalaratnam, Kristin L Young, Tamuno Alfred, Mary F Feitosa, Nicholas G D Masca, Alisa K Manning, Carolina Medina-Gomez, Poorva Mudgal, Maggie C Y Ng, Alex P Reiner, Sailaja Vedantam, Sara M Willems, Thomas W Winkler, Gonçalo Abecasis, Katja K Aben, Dewan S Alam, Sameer E Alharthi, Matthew Allison, Philippe Amouyel, Folkert W Asselbergs, Paul L Auer, Beverley Balkau, Lia E Bang, Inês Barroso, Lisa Bastarache, Marianne Benn, Sven Bergmann, Lawrence F Bielak, Matthias Blüher, Michael Boehnke, Heiner Boeing, Eric Boerwinkle, Carsten A Böger, Jette Bork-Jensen, Michiel L Bots, Erwin P Bottinger, Donald W Bowden, Ivan Brandslund, Gerome Breen, Murray H Brilliant, Linda Broer, Marco Brumat, Amber A Burt, Adam S Butterworth, Peter T Campbell, Stefania Cappellani, David J Carey, Eulalia Catamo, Mark J Caulfield, John C Chambers, Daniel I Chasman, Yii-Der I Chen, Rajiv Chowdhury, Cramer Christensen, Audrey Y Chu, Massimiliano Cocca, Francis S Collins, James P Cook, Janie Corley, Jordi Corominas Galbany, Amanda J Cox, David S Crosslin, Gabriel Cuellar-Partida, Angela D'Eustacchio, John Danesh, Gail Davies, Paul I W Bakker, Mark C H Groot, Renée Mutsert, Ian J Deary, George Dedoussis, Ellen W Demerath, Martin Heijer, Anneke I Hollander, Hester M Ruijter, Joe G Dennis, Josh C Denny, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, Fotios Drenos, Mengmeng Du, Marie-Pierre Dubé, Alison M Dunning, Douglas F Easton, Todd L Edwards, David Ellinghaus, Patrick T Ellinor, Paul Elliott, Evangelos Evangelou, Aliki-Eleni Farmaki, I Sadaf Farooqi, Jessica D Faul, Sascha Fauser, Shuang Feng, Ele Ferrannini, Jean Ferrieres, Jose C Florez, Ian Ford, Myriam Fornage, Oscar H Franco, Andre Franke, Paul W Franks, Nele Friedrich, Ruth Frikke-Schmidt, Tessel E Galesloot, Wei Gan, Ilaria Gandin, Paolo Gasparini, Jane Gibson, Vilmantas Giedraitis, Anette P Gjesing, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Mathias Gorski, Hans-Jörgen Grabe, Struan F A Grant, Niels Grarup, Helen L Griffiths, Megan L Grove, Vilmundur Gudnason, Stefan Gustafsson, Jeff Haessler, Hakon Hakonarson, Anke R Hammerschlag, Torben Hansen, Kathleen Mullan Harris, Tamara B Harris, Andrew T Hattersley, Christian T Have, Caroline Hayward, Liang He, Nancy L Heard-Costa, Andrew C Heath, Iris M Heid, Øyvind Helgeland, Jussi Hernesniemi, Alex W Hewitt, Oddgeir L Holmen, G Kees Hovingh, Joanna M M Howson, Yao Hu, Paul L Huang, Jennifer E Huffman, M Arfan Ikram, Erik Ingelsson, Anne U Jackson, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Gail P Jarvik, Gorm B Jensen, Yucheng Jia, Stefan Johansson, Marit E Jørgensen, Torben Jørgensen, J Wouter Jukema, Bratati Kahali, René S Kahn, Mika Kähönen, Pia R Kamstrup, Stavroula Kanoni, Jaakko Kaprio, Maria Karaleftheri, Sharon L R Kardia, Fredrik Karpe, Sekar Kathiresan, Frank Kee, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Eric Kim, Hidetoshi Kitajima, Pirjo Komulainen, Jaspal S Kooner, Charles Kooperberg, Tellervo Korhonen, Peter Kovacs, Helena Kuivaniemi, Zoltán Kutalik, Kari Kuulasmaa, Johanna Kuusisto, Markku Laakso, Timo A Lakka, David Lamparter, Ethan M Lange, Leslie A Lange, Claudia Langenberg, Eric B Larson, Nanette R Lee, Terho Lehtimäki, Cora E Lewis, Huaixing Li, Jin Li, Ruifang Li-Gao, Honghuang Lin, Keng-Hung Lin, Li-An Lin, Xu Lin, Lars Lind, Jaana Lindström, Allan Linneberg, Ching-Ti Liu, Dajiang J Liu, Yongmei Liu, Ken S Lo, Artitaya Lophatananon, Andrew J Lotery, Anu Loukola, Jian'an Luan, Steven A Lubitz, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Satu Männistö, Gaëlle Marenne, Angela L Mazul, Mark I McCarthy, Roberta McKean-Cowdin, Sarah E Medland, Karina Meidtner, Lili Milani, Vanisha Mistry, Paul Mitchell, Karen L Mohlke, Leena Moilanen, Marie Moitry, Grant W Montgomery, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Carmel Moore, Trevor A Mori, Andrew D Morris, Andrew P Morris, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Patricia B Munroe, Mike A Nalls, Narisu Narisu, Christopher P Nelson, Matt Neville, Sune F Nielsen, Kjell Nikus, Pål R Njølstad, Børge G Nordestgaard, Dale R Nyholt, Jeffrey R O'Connel, Michelle L O'Donoghue, Loes M Olde Loohuis, Roel A Ophoff, Katharine R Owen, Chris J Packard, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Colin N A Palmer, Nicholette D Palmer, Gerard Pasterkamp, Aniruddh P Patel, Alison Pattie, Oluf Pedersen, Peggy L Peissig, Gina M Peloso, Craig E Pennell, Markus Perola, James A Perry, John R B Perry, Tune H Pers, Thomas N Person, Annette Peters, Eva R B Petersen, Patricia A Peyser, Ailith Pirie, Ozren Polasek, Tinca J Polderman, Hannu Puolijoki, Olli T Raitakari, Asif Rasheed, Rainer Rauramaa, Dermot F Reilly, Frida Renström, Myriam Rheinberger, Paul M Ridker, John D Rioux, Manuel A Rivas, David J Roberts, Neil R Robertson, Antonietta Robino, Olov Rolandsson, Igor Rudan, Katherine S Ruth, Danish Saleheen, Veikko Salomaa, Nilesh J Samani, Yadav Sapkota, Naveed Sattar, Robert E Schoen, Pamela J Schreiner, Matthias B Schulze, Robert A Scott, Marcelo P Segura-Lepe, Svati H Shah, Wayne H-H Sheu, Xueling Sim, Andrew J Slater, Kerrin S Small, Albert V Smith, Lorraine Southam, Timothy D Spector, Elizabeth K Speliotes, John M Starr, Kari Stefansson, Valgerdur Steinthorsdottir, Kathleen E Stirrups, Konstantin Strauch, Heather M Stringham, Michael Stumvoll, Liang Sun, Praveen Surendran, Amy J Swift, Hayato Tada, Katherine E Tansey, Jean-Claude Tardif, Kent D Taylor, Alexander Teumer, Deborah J Thompson, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Betina H Thuesen, Anke Tönjes, Gerard Tromp, Stella Trompet, Emmanouil Tsafantakis, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Anne Tybjaerg-Hansen, Jonathan P Tyrer, Rudolf Uher, André G Uitterlinden, Matti Uusitupa, Sander W Laan, Cornelia M Duijn, Nienke Leeuwen, Jessica van Setten, Mauno Vanhala, Anette Varbo, Tibor V Varga, Rohit Varma, Digna R Velez Edwards, Sita H Vermeulen, Giovanni Veronesi, Henrik Vestergaard, Veronique Vitart, Thomas F Vogt, Uwe Völker, Dragana Vuckovic, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Mark Walker, Lars Wallentin, Feijie Wang, Carol A Wang, Shuai Wang, Yiqin Wang, Erin B Ware, Nicholas J Wareham, Helen R Warren, Dawn M Waterworth, Jennifer Wessel, Harvey D White, Cristen J Willer, James G Wilson, Daniel R Witte, Andrew R Wood, Ying Wu, Hanieh Yaghootkar, Jie Yao, Pang Yao, Laura M Yerges-Armstrong, Robin Young, Eleftheria Zeggini, Xiaowei Zhan, Weihua Zhang, Jing Hua Zhao, Wei Zhao, Wei Zhao, Wei Zhou, Krina T Zondervan, Jerome I Rotter, John A Pospisilik, Fernando Rivadeneira, Ingrid B Borecki, Panos Deloukas, Timothy M Frayling, Guillaume Lettre, Kari E North, Cecilia M Lindgren, Joel N Hirschhorn, Ruth J F Loos
In the version of this article originally published, one of the two authors with the name Wei Zhao was omitted from the author list and the affiliations for both authors were assigned to the single Wei Zhao in the author list. In addition, the ORCID for Wei Zhao (Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA) was incorrectly assigned to author Wei Zhou. The errors have been corrected in the HTML and PDF versions of the article.
May 2018: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549329/publisher-correction-protein-altering-variants-associated-with-body-mass-index-implicate-pathways-that-control-energy-intake-and-expenditure-in-obesity
#16
Valérie Turcot, Yingchang Lu, Heather M Highland, Claudia Schurmann, Anne E Justice, Rebecca S Fine, Jonathan P Bradfield, Tõnu Esko, Ayush Giri, Mariaelisa Graff, Xiuqing Guo, Audrey E Hendricks, Tugce Karaderi, Adelheid Lempradl, Adam E Locke, Anubha Mahajan, Eirini Marouli, Suthesh Sivapalaratnam, Kristin L Young, Tamuno Alfred, Mary F Feitosa, Nicholas G D Masca, Alisa K Manning, Carolina Medina-Gomez, Poorva Mudgal, Maggie C Y Ng, Alex P Reiner, Sailaja Vedantam, Sara M Willems, Thomas W Winkler, Gonçalo Abecasis, Katja K Aben, Dewan S Alam, Sameer E Alharthi, Matthew Allison, Philippe Amouyel, Folkert W Asselbergs, Paul L Auer, Beverley Balkau, Lia E Bang, Inês Barroso, Lisa Bastarache, Marianne Benn, Sven Bergmann, Lawrence F Bielak, Matthias Blüher, Michael Boehnke, Heiner Boeing, Eric Boerwinkle, Carsten A Böger, Jette Bork-Jensen, Michiel L Bots, Erwin P Bottinger, Donald W Bowden, Ivan Brandslund, Gerome Breen, Murray H Brilliant, Linda Broer, Marco Brumat, Amber A Burt, Adam S Butterworth, Peter T Campbell, Stefania Cappellani, David J Carey, Eulalia Catamo, Mark J Caulfield, John C Chambers, Daniel I Chasman, Yii-Der I Chen, Rajiv Chowdhury, Cramer Christensen, Audrey Y Chu, Massimiliano Cocca, Francis S Collins, James P Cook, Janie Corley, Jordi Corominas Galbany, Amanda J Cox, David S Crosslin, Gabriel Cuellar-Partida, Angela D'Eustacchio, John Danesh, Gail Davies, Paul I W Bakker, Mark C H Groot, Renée Mutsert, Ian J Deary, George Dedoussis, Ellen W Demerath, Martin Heijer, Anneke I Hollander, Hester M Ruijter, Joe G Dennis, Josh C Denny, Emanuele Angelantonio, Fotios Drenos, Mengmeng Du, Marie-Pierre Dubé, Alison M Dunning, Douglas F Easton, Todd L Edwards, David Ellinghaus, Patrick T Ellinor, Paul Elliott, Evangelos Evangelou, Aliki-Eleni Farmaki, I Sadaf Farooqi, Jessica D Faul, Sascha Fauser, Shuang Feng, Ele Ferrannini, Jean Ferrieres, Jose C Florez, Ian Ford, Myriam Fornage, Oscar H Franco, Andre Franke, Paul W Franks, Nele Friedrich, Ruth Frikke-Schmidt, Tessel E Galesloot, Wei Gan, Ilaria Gandin, Paolo Gasparini, Jane Gibson, Vilmantas Giedraitis, Anette P Gjesing, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Mathias Gorski, Hans-Jörgen Grabe, Struan F A Grant, Niels Grarup, Helen L Griffiths, Megan L Grove, Vilmundur Gudnason, Stefan Gustafsson, Jeff Haessler, Hakon Hakonarson, Anke R Hammerschlag, Torben Hansen, Kathleen Mullan Harris, Tamara B Harris, Andrew T Hattersley, Christian T Have, Caroline Hayward, Liang He, Nancy L Heard-Costa, Andrew C Heath, Iris M Heid, Øyvind Helgeland, Jussi Hernesniemi, Alex W Hewitt, Oddgeir L Holmen, G Kees Hovingh, Joanna M M Howson, Yao Hu, Paul L Huang, Jennifer E Huffman, M Arfan Ikram, Erik Ingelsson, Anne U Jackson, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Gail P Jarvik, Gorm B Jensen, Yucheng Jia, Stefan Johansson, Marit E Jørgensen, Torben Jørgensen, J Wouter Jukema, Bratati Kahali, René S Kahn, Mika Kähönen, Pia R Kamstrup, Stavroula Kanoni, Jaakko Kaprio, Maria Karaleftheri, Sharon L R Kardia, Fredrik Karpe, Sekar Kathiresan, Frank Kee, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Eric Kim, Hidetoshi Kitajima, Pirjo Komulainen, Jaspal S Kooner, Charles Kooperberg, Tellervo Korhonen, Peter Kovacs, Helena Kuivaniemi, Zoltán Kutalik, Kari Kuulasmaa, Johanna Kuusisto, Markku Laakso, Timo A Lakka, David Lamparter, Ethan M Lange, Leslie A Lange, Claudia Langenberg, Eric B Larson, Nanette R Lee, Terho Lehtimäki, Cora E Lewis, Huaixing Li, Jin Li, Ruifang Li-Gao, Honghuang Lin, Keng-Hung Lin, Li-An Lin, Xu Lin, Lars Lind, Jaana Lindström, Allan Linneberg, Ching-Ti Liu, Dajiang J Liu, Yongmei Liu, Ken S Lo, Artitaya Lophatananon, Andrew J Lotery, Anu Loukola, Jian'an Luan, Steven A Lubitz, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Satu Männistö, Gaëlle Marenne, Angela L Mazul, Mark I McCarthy, Roberta McKean-Cowdin, Sarah E Medland, Karina Meidtner, Lili Milani, Vanisha Mistry, Paul Mitchell, Karen L Mohlke, Leena Moilanen, Marie Moitry, Grant W Montgomery, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Carmel Moore, Trevor A Mori, Andrew D Morris, Andrew P Morris, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Patricia B Munroe, Mike A Nalls, Narisu Narisu, Christopher P Nelson, Matt Neville, Sune F Nielsen, Kjell Nikus, Pål R Njølstad, Børge G Nordestgaard, Dale R Nyholt, Jeffrey R O'Connel, Michelle L O'Donoghue, Loes M Olde Loohuis, Roel A Ophoff, Katharine R Owen, Chris J Packard, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Colin N A Palmer, Nicholette D Palmer, Gerard Pasterkamp, Aniruddh P Patel, Alison Pattie, Oluf Pedersen, Peggy L Peissig, Gina M Peloso, Craig E Pennell, Markus Perola, James A Perry, John R B Perry, Tune H Pers, Thomas N Person, Annette Peters, Eva R B Petersen, Patricia A Peyser, Ailith Pirie, Ozren Polasek, Tinca J Polderman, Hannu Puolijoki, Olli T Raitakari, Asif Rasheed, Rainer Rauramaa, Dermot F Reilly, Frida Renström, Myriam Rheinberger, Paul M Ridker, John D Rioux, Manuel A Rivas, David J Roberts, Neil R Robertson, Antonietta Robino, Olov Rolandsson, Igor Rudan, Katherine S Ruth, Danish Saleheen, Veikko Salomaa, Nilesh J Samani, Yadav Sapkota, Naveed Sattar, Robert E Schoen, Pamela J Schreiner, Matthias B Schulze, Robert A Scott, Marcelo P Segura-Lepe, Svati H Shah, Wayne H-H Sheu, Xueling Sim, Andrew J Slater, Kerrin S Small, Albert V Smith, Lorraine Southam, Timothy D Spector, Elizabeth K Speliotes, John M Starr, Kari Stefansson, Valgerdur Steinthorsdottir, Kathleen E Stirrups, Konstantin Strauch, Heather M Stringham, Michael Stumvoll, Liang Sun, Praveen Surendran, Amy J Swift, Hayato Tada, Katherine E Tansey, Jean-Claude Tardif, Kent D Taylor, Alexander Teumer, Deborah J Thompson, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Betina H Thuesen, Anke Tönjes, Gerard Tromp, Stella Trompet, Emmanouil Tsafantakis, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Anne Tybjaerg-Hansen, Jonathan P Tyrer, Rudolf Uher, André G Uitterlinden, Matti Uusitupa, Sander W Laan, Cornelia M Duijn, Nienke Leeuwen, Jessica van Setten, Mauno Vanhala, Anette Varbo, Tibor V Varga, Rohit Varma, Digna R Velez Edwards, Sita H Vermeulen, Giovanni Veronesi, Henrik Vestergaard, Veronique Vitart, Thomas F Vogt, Uwe Völker, Dragana Vuckovic, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Mark Walker, Lars Wallentin, Feijie Wang, Carol A Wang, Shuai Wang, Yiqin Wang, Erin B Ware, Nicholas J Wareham, Helen R Warren, Dawn M Waterworth, Jennifer Wessel, Harvey D White, Cristen J Willer, James G Wilson, Daniel R Witte, Andrew R Wood, Ying Wu, Hanieh Yaghootkar, Jie Yao, Pang Yao, Laura M Yerges-Armstrong, Robin Young, Eleftheria Zeggini, Xiaowei Zhan, Weihua Zhang, Jing Hua Zhao, Wei Zhao, Wei Zhou, Krina T Zondervan, Jerome I Rotter, John A Pospisilik, Fernando Rivadeneira, Ingrid B Borecki, Panos Deloukas, Timothy M Frayling, Guillaume Lettre, Kari E North, Cecilia M Lindgren, Joel N Hirschhorn, Ruth J F Loos
In the published version of this paper, the name of author Emanuele Di Angelantonio was misspelled. This error has now been corrected in the HTML and PDF versions of the article.
May 2018: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538273/health-risks-of-american-long-distance-truckers-results-from-a-multisite-assessment
#17
Laura H Bachmann, Bronwen Lichtenstein, Janet S St Lawrence, Margaret Murray, Gregory B Russell, Edward W Hook
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the general and sexual health of long-haul truck drivers in the United States. METHODS: Drivers were recruited from company sites and truck stops in North Carolina, Tennessee, and Mississippi. A sample of 266 drivers was assessed for lifestyle activities; body mass index and blood pressure were measured, and biologic samples were taken for cholesterol, diabetes, and sexually transmitted infection (STI)/HIV testing. RESULTS: The drivers in this study had higher levels of cholesterol and higher rates of smoking, obesity, and diabetes than the U...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531152/from-wetland-specialist-to-hand-fed-generalist-shifts-in-diet-and-condition-with-provisioning-for-a-recently-urbanized-wading-bird
#18
Maureen H Murray, Anjelika D Kidd, Shannon E Curry, Jeffrey Hepinstall-Cymerman, Michael J Yabsley, Henry C Adams, Taylor Ellison, Catharine N Welch, Sonia M Hernandez
Many wildlife species shift their diets to use novel resources in urban areas. The consequences of these shifts are not well known, and consumption of reliable-but low quality-anthropogenic food may present important trade-offs for wildlife health. This may be especially true for carnivorous species such as the American white ibis ( Eudocimus albus ), a nomadic wading bird which has been increasingly observed in urban parks in South Florida, USA. We tested the effects of anthropogenic provisioning on consumer nutrition (i...
May 5, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519756/effects-of-cannabis-use-on-body-mass-fasting-glucose-and-lipids-during-the-first-12-months-of-treatment-in-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders
#19
F Scheffler, S Kilian, B Chiliza, L Asmal, L Phahladira, S du Plessis, M Kidd, R M Murray, M Di Forti, S Seedat, R Emsley
While acute cannabis use stimulates appetite, general population studies suggest that chronic use is associated with reduced risk of obesity and other cardiometabolic risk factors. In this study we investigated changes in body mass index (BMI), fasting blood glucose and lipids, and rates of metabolic syndrome risk factors in cannabis users vs. non-users in 109 minimally treated patients with first-episode schizophrenia, schizophreniform or schizo-affective disorder who were treated according to a standardized treatment regime with depot antipsychotic medication over 12 months...
March 6, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507155/outcomes-experiences-and-palliative-care-in-major-stroke-a-multicentre-mixed-method-longitudinal-study
#20
Marilyn Kendall, Eileen Cowey, Gillian Mead, Mark Barber, Christine McAlpine, David J Stott, Kirsty Boyd, Scott A Murray
BACKGROUND: Case fatality after total anterior circulation stroke is high. Our objective was to describe the experiences and needs of patients and caregivers, and to explore whether, and how, palliative care should be integrated into stroke care. METHODS: From 3 stroke services in Scotland, we recruited a purposive sample of people with total anterior circulation stroke, and conducted serial, qualitative interviews with them and their informal and professional caregivers at 6 weeks, 6 months and 1 year...
March 5, 2018: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
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