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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432757/headache-patients-satisfaction-with-telemedicine-a-12-month-follow-up-randomized-non-inferiority-trial
#1
K I Müller, K B Alstadhaug, S I Bekkelund
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We investigated non-acute headache patients' long-term satisfaction with a telemedicine consultation and consultation preferences in northern Norway. We hypothesized that patients were not less satisfied with telemedicine than traditional consultations. We also examined the influence of gender, age and education on satisfaction. METHODS: For 2.5 years, patients were consecutively screened, recruited and randomly assigned to telemedicine or traditional visits with a consultation at a neurological outpatient department...
April 21, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432671/investigation-of-the-physical-effects-of-respiratory-motion-compensation-in-a-large-population-of-patients-undergoing-tc-99m-cardiac-perfusion-spect-ct-stress-imaging
#2
P Hendrik Pretorius, Karen L Johnson, Seth T Dahlberg, Michael A King
BACKGROUND: Respiratory motion can deteriorate image fidelity in cardiac perfusion SPECT. We determined the extent of respiratory motion, assessed its impact on image fidelity, and investigated the existence of gender differences, thereby examining the influence of respiratory motion in a large population of patients. METHODS: One thousand one hundred and three SPECT/CT patients underwent visual tracking of markers on their anterior surface during stress acquisition to track respiratory motion...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432647/the-gender-attention-observational-study-gender-and-hormonal-status-differences-in-the-incidence-of-adverse-events-during-cyclosporine-treatment-in-psoriatic-patients
#3
Delia Colombo, Giuseppe Banfi, Nicoletta Cassano, Alessandra Graziottin, Gino Antonio Vena, Giovanni Gualberto Fiori, Emanuela Zagni, Luca Stingeni, Sergio Chimenti, Enzo Berardesca, Giuseppe Micali, Giuseppe Albertini, Clara De Simone, Gilberto Bellia
INTRODUCTION: Female sex has been shown to be a risk factor for the development of adverse drug reactions; however, this has not been studied for cyclosporine (CsA). The aim of this study was to investigate, in Italian dermatological practice, the influence of gender and menopause and related hormones on the incidence of adverse events (AEs) during CsA treatment in psoriatic patients. METHODS: Multicenter, prospective, observational study conducted from May 2011 to June 2013...
April 21, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432560/executive-function-and-life-space-mobility-in-old-age
#4
Taina Poranen-Clark, Mikaela B von Bonsdorff, Merja Rantakokko, Erja Portegijs, Johanna Eronen, Markku Kauppinen, Johan G Eriksson, Taina Rantanen, Anne Viljanen
BACKGROUND: Life-space assessment incorporates all movements in terms of the distance from home, the frequency of movement and the need of assistance for movement. Executive function (EF) is an important higher order cognitive ability that controls and guides people's goal-directed actions. We examined the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between EF and life-space mobility, and investigated if perceived walking difficulties, lower extremity performance, and transportation difficulties explain the association...
April 21, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432518/correlation-between-heavy-metal-exposure-and-gstm1-polymorphism-in-iranian-multiple-sclerosis-patients
#5
Mehdi Aliomrani, Mohammad A Sahraian, Hamid Shirkhanloo, Mohammad Sharifzadeh, Mohammad R Khoshayand, Mohammad H Ghahremani
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immune-mediated chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system. Various exposures to heavy metals can lead to toxicity and oxidative stress. While glutathione-S-transferases are known as oxidative stress-related genes and involved in metal biotransformation. The aim of the present study is to investigate the correlation of GSTM1 polymorphism in MS patients and the possible association with blood concentration of arsenic (As) and cadmium (Cd) as major heavy metal pollutants...
April 21, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432516/the-tower-of-london-tol-in-italy-standardization-of-the-tol-test-in-an-italian-population
#6
Maddalena Boccia, Dario Marin, Giovanni D'Antuono, Paola Ciurli, Chiara Incoccia, Gabriella Antonucci, Cecilia Guariglia, Laura Piccardi
Deficit in planning and problem-solving, affecting a wide range of neuropsychological patients, has been widely investigated using the Tower of London (ToL) test, as developed by Shallice (Philos Trans R Soc Lond Ser B Biol Sci 298:199-209, 1). The ToL taps on several executive functions (EF), such as planning, time for planning or rule breaks, which may be usefully indexed by different ToL measurements. However, in its original version, the different aspects involved in ToL are not evaluated in a specific way...
April 21, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432269/altered-sleep-patterns-in-patients-with-non-functional-ghrh-receptor
#7
Francielle T Oliveira, Roberto Salvatori, Jose' Marcondes, Larissa B Macena, Alecia A Oliveira-Santos, Augusto Cn Faro, Viviane C Campos, Carla R Oliveira, Ursula Mm Costa, Manuel Aguiar-Oliveira
OBJECTIVES: GH releasing hormone (GHRH) exerts hypnotic actions increasing non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep. Conversely, GH stimulates REM sleep. GH deficiency (GHD) often leads to sleep problems, daytime fatigue, and reduced quality of life (QoL). GHD may be due to lack of hypothalamic GHRH or destruction of somatotroph cells. We have described a cohort with isolated GHD (IGHD) due to GHRH resistance caused by a homozygous null mutation in the GHRH receptor gene. They have normal QoL and no obvious complaints of chronic tiredness...
April 21, 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432064/the-prevalence-of-acne-in-mainland-china-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Danhui Li, Qiang Chen, Yi Liu, Tingting Liu, Wenhui Tang, Shengjie Li
INTRODUCTION: Acne, a very common skin disease, can result in psychological distress and sustain impairment in quality of life. Data on the prevalence of acne and the differences in gender, region and age are limited. The aim of this review is to estimate the prevalence of acne in Mainland China comprehensively and to quantify its association with gender, region and age. METHODS: We searched electronic databases with predetermined search terms to identify relevant studies published between 1 January 1996 and 30 September 2016...
April 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431990/a-common-polymorphism-decreases-lrp1-mrna-stability-and-is-associated-with-increased-plasma-factor-viii-levels
#9
Jiann-Der Lee, Kuang-Ming Hsiao, Pey-Jium Chang, Chih-Cheng Chen, Ya-Wen Kuo, Yen-Chu Huang, Huan-Lin Hsu, Ya-Hui Lin, Chih-Ying Wu, Ying-Chih Huang, Meng Lee, Chia-Yu Hsu, Yi-Ting Pan, Chih-Yu Kuo, Chun-Hsien Lin
The low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1) gene is associated with increased levels of plasma factor VIII (FVIII). We aimed to explore eight functional genetic LRP1 variants for their potential roles in regulating FVIII levels and acute ischemic stroke (AIS). This genetic association study enrolled 192 patients with AIS and 134 controls. There were no significant differences in the genetic frequency of the eight functional single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) between the control and AIS groups...
April 18, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431806/gender-specific-evaluation-of-variation-of-maxillary-exposure-when-smiling
#10
Niels Christian Pausch, Dimitrios Katsoulis
INTRODUCTION: Excessive exposure of maxillary teeth when smiling can have a negative effect on the aesthetics and attractiveness of the face. The presented study was aimed to evaluate the effect of different amounts of gingival exposure on the perception of such human characteristics and qualities as age, attractiveness, gender specificity, and felt sympathy in the context of the whole face. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-two participants (21 female and 21 male students of Dental Medicine) were recruited as evaluators for the study...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431761/-dependent-relative-effects-on-family-health
#11
M Eugenia Estrada Fernández, Ana I Gil Lacruz, Marta Gil Lacruz, Antonio Viñas López
OBJETIVES: The purpose of this work is to analyse the effects on informal caregiver's health and lifestyle when living with a dependent person at home. A comparison will be made between this situation and other situations involving commitment of time and energy, taking into account gender and age differences in each stage of the life cycle. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study analysing secondary data. SETTING: The method used for collecting information is the computer assisted personal interview carried out in selected homes by the Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equality...
April 18, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431734/gender-and-engineering-aptitude-is-the-color-of-science-technology-engineering-and-math-materials-related-to-children-s-performance
#12
Kelly Lynn Mulvey, Bridget Miller, Victoria Rizzardi
To investigate gender stereotypes, demonstrated engineering aptitude, and attitudes, children (N=105) solved an engineering problem using either pastel-colored or primary-colored materials. Participants also evaluated the acceptability of denial of access to engineering materials based on gender and counter-stereotypic preferences (i.e., a boy who prefers pastel-colored materials). Whereas material color was not related to differences in female participants' performance, younger boys assigned to pastel materials demonstrated lower engineering aptitude than did other participants...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431549/household-food-insecurity-is-associated-with-abdominal-but-not-general-obesity-among-iranian-children
#13
Fateme Jafari, Simin Ehsani, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Mahmood Noori-Shadkam, Amin Salehi-Abargouei
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is increasing all over the world. Food insecurity is mentioned as a possible risk factor; however, previous studies have led to inconsistent results in different societies while data are lacking for the Middle East. We aimed to investigate the relationship between food insecurity and general or abdominal obesity in Iranian children in a cross-sectional study. METHODS: Anthropometric data including height, weight, and waist circumference were measured by trained nutritionists...
April 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431538/a-prospective-and-randomized-comparison-of-rigid-ureteroscopic-to-flexible-cystoscopic-retrieval-of-ureteral-stents
#14
Dehui Lai, Meiling Chen, Shifang Zha, Shawpong Wan
BACKGROUND: Flexible cystoscopy has become an accepted alternative for stent retrieval. However, it is associated with higher cost. Some reports have described experiences of using rigid ureteroscope to retrieve ureteral stents. We compared rigid ureteroscopic to flexible cystoscopic retrieval of ureteral stents in a prospective and randomized clinical trial. METHODS: Three hundred patients treated with ureteral stents between July 2012 and July 2013 were accrued in this study...
April 21, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431518/is-adjuvant-chemotherapy-necessary-in-pt1n1-gastric-cancer
#15
Hyun Beak Shin, Ji Yeong An, Seung Hyoung Lee, Yoon Young Choi, Jong Won Kim, Soo Sang Sohn, Sung Hoon Noh
BACKGROUND: Due to a lack of consensus on adjuvant treatments for pT1N1 gastric cancer, surgeons face a dilemma when deciding treatments for patients with pT1N1 gastric cancer after gastrectomy. The objective of this study was to determine survival benefits of adjuvant chemotherapy and risk factors for tumor recurrence in gastric cancer patients with pT1N1. METHODS: Between 1996 and 2010, 510 patients who underwent curative resection for pT1N1 gastric cancer at three institutes were divided into two groups: adjuvant chemotherapy group (N = 150) and surgery-only group (N = 360)...
April 22, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431480/predictive-and-prognostic-factors-associated-with-soft-tissue-sarcoma-response-to-chemotherapy-a-subgroup-analysis-of-the-european-organisation-for-research-and-treatment-of-cancer-62012-study
#16
Robin J Young, Saskia Litière, Michela Lia, Pancras C W Hogendoorn, Cyril Fisher, Gunhild Mechtersheimer, Søren Daugaard, Raf Sciot, Françoise Collin, Christina Messiou, Viktor Grünwald, Alessandro Gronchi, Winette van der Graaf, Eva Wardelmann, Ian Judson
BACKGROUND: The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) 62012 study was a Phase III trial of doxorubicin versus doxorubicin-ifosfamide chemotherapy in 455 patients with advanced soft tissue sarcoma (STS). Analysis of the main study showed that combination chemotherapy improved tumor response and progression-free survival, but differences in overall survival (OS) were not statistically significant. We analyzed factors prognostic for tumor response and OS, and assessed histological subgroup and tumor grade as predictive factors to identify patients more likely to benefit from combination chemotherapy...
April 21, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431477/duration-of-orthognathic-surgical-treatment
#17
Jaakko Paunonen, Mika Helminen, Timo Peltomäki
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the duration of orthognathic-surgical treatment conducted with conventional pre- and post-surgical orthodontic treatment phases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study material was comprised of the files of 185 consecutive patients treated in Oral and Maxillofacial Unit, Tampere University Hospital, Finland, in 2007-2014. The files were reviewed and the following data was obtained: gender and age of patients, ICD-10 diagnosis, type of malocclusion, duration of pre- and post-surgical orthodontic treatment and type of operation...
April 21, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431416/caring-for-critically-injured-children-an-analysis-of-56-pediatric-damage-control-laparotomies
#18
Miguel A Villalobos, Joshua P Hazelton, Rachel L Choron, Lisa Capano-Wehrle, Krystal Hunter, John P Gaughan, Steven E Ross, Mark J Seamon
BACKGROUND: Injury is the leading cause of death in children under 18 years. Damage control principles have been extensively studied in adults but remain relatively unstudied in children. Our primary study objective was to evaluate the use of damage control laparotomy (DCL) in critically injured children. METHODS: An American College of Surgeons-verified Level 1 trauma center review (1996-2013) of pediatric trauma laparotomies was undertaken. Exclusion criteria included: age older than 18 years, laparotomy for abdominal compartment syndrome or delayed longer than 2 hours after admission...
May 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431236/unicystic-ameloblastoma-revisited-comparison-of-massachusetts-general-hospital-outcomes-with-original-robinson-and-martinez-report
#19
Anne-Frédérique Chouinard, Zachary S Peacock, William C Faquin, Leonard B Kaban
PURPOSE: Robinson and Martinez established unicystic ameloblastoma (UA) as a distinct pathologic entity in 1977. By use of their original description, the aim of this study was to compare the clinical presentation and outcomes of UA treated at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) with outcomes reported in the original article. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of MGH patients treated for UA during a 15-year period. Patients were included if they had a confirmed clinical and histologic diagnosis of UA...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431128/binge-drinking-and-well-being-in-european-older-adults-do-gender-and-region-matter
#20
Sonsoles Fuentes, Usama Bilal, Iñaki Galán, Joan R Villalbí, Albert Espelt, Marina Bosque-Prous, Manuel Franco, Mariana Lazo
We aimed to describe gender and region differences in the prevalence of binge drinking and in the association between binge drinking and well-being, among older adult Europeans. This is a cross-sectional study using the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) wave 4, conducted between 2011 and 2012, including 58 489 individuals aged 50 years or older. Sixteen European countries were grouped in four drinking culture regions: South, Central, North and East. We categorized drinking patterns as: never, former, no-binge and binge drinkers...
April 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
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