keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Gender differences

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778004/learning-homophones-in-context-easy-cases-are-favored-in-the-lexicon-of-natural-languages
#1
Isabelle Dautriche, Laia Fibla, Anne-Caroline Fievet, Anne Christophe
Even though ambiguous words are common in languages, children find it hard to learn homophones, where a single label applies to several distinct meanings (e.g., Mazzocco, 1997). The present work addresses this apparent discrepancy between learning abilities and typological pattern, with respect to homophony in the lexicon. In a series of five experiments, 20-month-old French children easily learnt a pair of homophones if the two meanings associated with the phonological form belonged to different syntactic categories, or to different semantic categories...
May 16, 2018: Cognitive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777881/single-incision-laparoscopic-versus-conventional-laparoscopic-right-colectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Boye Dong, Zuyang Luo, Jiabao Lu, Yang Yang, Yixian Song, Jie Cao, Wanglin Li
BACKGROUND: Single-incision laparoscopic surgery has gained widespread attention because of its potential benefits such as less skin incision and faster recovery. Up to now, only one meta-analysis (performed in 2013; including 9 studies, a total of 585 cases) compared single-incision laparoscopic right colectomy (SILRC) with conventional laparoscopic right colectomy (CLRC). An updated meta-analysis was undertaken to explore more convinced comparative findings between SILRC and CLRC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The search for studies that compared SILRC with CLRC was done on PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777847/cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-limitation-in-peripheral-arterial-disease
#3
Zulfiqar Qutrio Baloch, Shabber Agha Abbas, Luke Marone, Abbas Ali
OBJECTIVE: PAD is associated with a markedly increased risk of cardiovascular mortality and remains under-recognized and under-treated. New screening approaches are needed to prevent disability in patients with PAD. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of clinically stable cardiovascular patients who were referred for cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) due to a variety of cardiovascular complaints. Amongst patients who prematurely terminated CPET, their available angiograms were assessed...
May 16, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777845/recanalization-after-endovenous-thermal-ablation
#4
Afsha Aurshina, Ahmad Alsheekh, Pavel Kibrik, Anil Hingorani, Natalie Marks, Enrico Ascher
OBJECTIVE: Endovenous thermal ablation in the form of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) or endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) has quickly ascended to a prime position in the treatment of venous insufficiency. While there is good data examining the rates of thrombotic complications, there is a relative paucity of data examining the recanalization rates after endovenous thermal ablation (ETA). METHODS: Data analysis was performed for 1475 thermal ablations in 485 patients from 2012-2015 as a retrospective chart review...
May 16, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777843/underexpansion-of-wallstents%C3%A2-in-the-treatment-of-nonthrombotic-iliac-vein-lesions
#5
Jacob E Mandel, Yuriy Ostrozhynskyy, Anil Hingorani, Natalie Marks, Enrico Ascher
OBJECTIVE: Iliac vein stenting is increasingly being used in the treatment of venous insufficiency for patients with nonthrombotic iliac vein lesions (NIVL). We have noticed that many stents do not deploy to the expected stent area as designated by the manufactured diameter. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dynamics of Wallstent® expansion in the iliocaval system. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all patients with NIVL who were treated with iliac vein stenting using Wallstents®...
May 16, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777641/social-norms-and-adolescents-sexual-health-an-introduction-for-practitioners-working-in-low-and-mid-income-african-countries
#6
Beniamino Cislaghi, Holly Shakya
Donors, practitioners and scholars are increasingly interested in harnessing the potential of social norms theory to improve adolescents' sexual and reproductive health outcomes. However, social norms theory is multifaceted, and its application in field interventions is complex. An introduction to social norms that will be beneficial for those who intend to integrate a social norms perspective in their work to improve adolescents' sexual health in Africa is presented. First three main schools of thought on social norms, looking at the theoretical standpoint of each, are discussed...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777539/the-intersection-of-race-and-gender-among-black-american-adolescents
#7
Eleanor K Seaton, Karolyn Tyson
This study employed an exploratory sequential mixed-methods design to examine the intersection of race and gender among Black American adolescents, aged 11-19. The quantitative component (n = 344) used survey data to examine gender differences in peer-perpetrated and adult-perpetrated racial discrimination experiences, and no gender differences were evident. Qualitative data (n = 42) probed how males and females interpret discrimination experiences given the intersection of race and gender. Although the majority of participants believed that Black males and females have similar experiences, some believed that Black males face more racial discrimination...
May 19, 2018: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777472/circumscribed-interests-and-attention-in-autism-the-role-of-biological-sex
#8
Clare Harrop, Desiree Jones, Shuting Zheng, Sallie Nowell, Brian A Boyd, Noah Sasson
Recent studies suggest that circumscribed interests (CI) in females with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) may align more closely with interests reported in typical female development than those typically reported for ASD males. We used eye-tracking to quantify attention to arrays containing combinations of male, female and neutral images in elementary-aged males and females with and without ASD. A number of condition × sex effects emerged, with both groups attending to images that corresponded with interests typically associated with their biological sex...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777458/increased-vitamin-d-receptor-gene-expression-and-rs11568820-and-rs4516035-promoter-polymorphisms-in-autistic-disorder
#9
Burhan Balta, Hakan Gumus, Ruslan Bayramov, Keziban Korkmaz Bayramov, Murat Erdogan, Didem Behice Oztop, Muhammet Ensar Dogan, Serpil Taheri, Munis Dundar
Although there are a large number of sequence variants of different genes and copy number variations at various loci identified in autistic disorder (AD) patients, the pathogenesis of AD has not been elucidated completely. Recently, in AD patients, a large number of expression array and transcriptome studies have shown an increase in the expression of genes especially related to innate immune response. Antimicrobial effects of vitamin D and VDR are exerted through Toll-Like-Receptors (TLR) which have an important role in the innate immune response, are expressed by antigen presenting cells and recognize foreign microorganisms...
May 18, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777259/diagnostic-yield-of-repeat-ct-guided-biopsy-for-suspected-infectious-spondylodiscitis
#10
Gregory J Czuczman, Daniel E Marrero, Ambrose J Huang, Jacob C Mandell, Varand Ghazikhanian, F Joseph Simeone
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the yield of repeat CT-guided biopsy in patients with suspected infectious spondylodiscitis following an initial biopsy with negative microbiology, and to identify factors associated with successful pathogen isolation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, 21 patients (12 men, 9 women; mean age, 52, range, 12-84) were identified with clinically and radiologically suspected infectious spondylodiscitis who underwent repeat biopsy following negative cultures from an initial biopsy...
May 18, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776859/increased-short-interval-intracortical-inhibition-in-un-medicated-patients-with-schizophrenia
#11
Martin Schecklmann, Carmen Weidler, Peter Eichhammer, Göran Hajak, Berthold Langguth
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is associated with changes in inhibitory and facilitatory brain networks which can be assessed by motor cortex excitability. OBJECTIVE: Here, we investigate differences between large cross-sectional samples of un-medicated and medicated patients with schizophrenia and healthy controls in single- and double-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation parameters. METHODS: We measured right abductor digiti minimi muscle activity in 71 un-medicated, 43 medicated patients and 131 healthy controls...
May 4, 2018: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776732/posttraumatic-stress-and-depressive-symptoms-characterize-cardiac-arrest-survivors-perceived-recovery-at-hospital-discharge
#12
Alex Presciutti, Jayati Verma, Marykay Pavol, Deepti Anbarasan, Cristina Falo, Daniel Brodie, Leroy E Rabbani, David J Roh, Soojin Park, Jan Claassen, Sachin Agarwal
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that posttraumatic stress and depressive symptoms, not cognitive or functional impairment, are associated with cardiac arrest survivors' negative recovery perceptions at hospital discharge. METHODS: Prospective observational cohort of cardiac arrest patients admitted between 9/2015-5/2017. Survival to discharge with sufficient mental status to complete a psychosocial interview was the main inclusion criterion. Perceived recovery was assessed through the question, "Do you feel that you have made a complete recovery from your arrest?" The following measures were examined as potential correlates of perceived recovery: Repeatable Battery for Assessment of Neuropsychological Status, Modified Lawton Physical Self-Maintenance Scale, Barthel Index, Modified Rankin Scale, Cerebral Performance Category, Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression (CES-D), and PTSD Checklist-Specific (PCL-S)...
May 10, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776618/sleep-health-epidemiology-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-prevalence-of-poor-sleep-quality-and-sleep-duration
#13
REVIEW
Guido Simonelli, Nathaniel S Marshall, Antigone Grillakis, Christopher B Miller, Camilla M Hoyos, Nick Glozier
Sleep research has been dominated by high income countries (HIC). Sleep may be different in low and middle income countries (LMIC) due to cultural, demographic, geographical and health factors. We systematically reviewed the epidemiological literature reporting sleep parameters in the adult population in LMIC and meta-analyzed the prevalence of subjective poor sleep quality and sleep duration. We identified 45 publications; over 50% of which came from China and Brazil. Of the 45 identified studies, 32 contained data on sleep quality and 17 on self-reported sleep duration...
June 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775836/cognitive-and-behavioural-dispositions-in-offspring-at-high-risk-for-alcoholism
#14
Rajesh Kumar, Keshav Janakiprasad Kumar, Vivek Benegal
OBJECTIVES: Offspring with family history of alcoholism are considered to be at high risk for alcoholism. The present study sought to expand our understanding of cognitive and behavioural dispositions associated with executive control and self-regulation in alcohol naïve offspring with and without family history of alcoholism. METHODS: Sample comprised of alcohol naive offspring in two groups: (i) at high risk (n = 34) and (ii) at low risk for alcoholism (n = 34)...
May 15, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775752/the-genetics-and-molecular-pathogenesis-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-sle-in-populations-of-different-ancestry
#15
REVIEW
George N Goulielmos, Maria I Zervou, Vassilis M Vazgiourakis, Yogita Ghodke-Puranik, Alexandros Garyfallos, Timothy B Niewold
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE; OMIM 152700) is a highly heterogeneous disorder, characterized by differences in autoantibody profile, serum cytokines, and a multi-system involvement commonly affecting the skin, renal, musculoskeletal, and hematopoetic systems clinical manifestations involving. Disease features range from mild manifestations, such as rash or arthritis, to life-threatening end-organ manifestations, such as glomerulonephritis or thrombosis, and it is difficult to predict which manifestations will affect a given patient...
May 15, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775673/gender-dependent-contribution-of-muscarinic-receptors-in-memory-retrieval-under-sub-chronic-stress
#16
Habiba Rashid, Touqeer Ahmed
Stress induces retrograde amnesia in humans and rodents. Muscarinic antagonism under normal physiological conditions causes gender dependent impairment in episodic memory retrieval. We aimed to explore the gender dependent role of muscarinic receptors in memory retrieval under sub-chronic stress condition. Male and female mice were trained for Morris water maze test and contextual fear conditioning, followed by 3 hour restraint stress per day for five days. Stress was either given alone or in combination with a daily subcutaneous injection of scopolamine (1 mg/kg) or donepezil (1 mg/kg)...
May 15, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774995/-study-on-the-relationship-between-mct-1-and-p53-in-laryngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#17
Y B Wang, O Xu, R J Zhang, C G Shan
Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the expression and clinical significance of monocarboxylate transporter 1 (MCT-1) and p53 in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). Method: Immunohistochemical staining of MCT-1 and p53 was carried out in 41 cases of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma embedded in paraffin, and the relationship between positive expression and clinicopathological data was evaluated. All data were analyzed by SPSS software (Windows version 21.0). Result: In normal mucosa p53 expression was absent; while, the basal "stem cell" layer is highly enriched in MCT-1...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774993/-preliminary-study-on-the-expression-of-egfrv%C3%A2-and-cxcr4-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#18
H D Zhang, S C Gong, Y Q Liu, S B He, Q X Zhang, M Y Si, Z K Yu
Objective: The aim of this study is to detect the expression of EGFRvⅢ and CXCR4 in HNSCC and to explore its possible mechanism. Method: We selected 60 cases of HNSCC from May 2013 to November 2016 in our hospital for surgical treatment, including 44 cases of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma, 14 cases of hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, and 2 cases of nasal squamous cell carcinoma. pTNM staging according to AJCC 2010, Ⅲ stage 17 cases, Ⅳa stage 40 cases, and Ⅳb stage 3 cases; according to tumor differentiation degree: 13 cases of high differentiation, moderately differentiation in 31 cases, and 16 cases of low differentiated; primary tumor, positive lymph node metastasis as the experimental group, and 10 cases of adjacent tissues are taken as control (control group)...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774989/first-report-of-wild-boar-susceptibility-to-porcine-circovirus-type-3-high-prevalence-in-the-colli-euganei-regional-park-italy-in-the-absence-of-clinical-signs
#19
Giovanni Franzo, Claudia Maria Tucciarone, Michele Drigo, Mattia Cecchinato, Marco Martini, Alessandra Mondin, Maria Luisa Menandro
The genus Circovirus includes one of the most relevant infectious agents affecting domestic pigs, Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV-2). The wild boar susceptibility to this pathogen has also been demonstrated although the actual epidemiological role of wild populations is still debated. In recent times, a new circovirus, Porcine circovirus type 3 (PCV-3), has been discovered and reported in the presence of several clinical conditions. However, no information is currently available about PCV-3 circulation and prevalence in wild boar...
May 18, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774941/-meta-analysis-of-gastric-stump-cancer-after-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#20
Yongbai Li, Zhidong Gao, Xuesong Zhao, Bo Wang, Yingjiang Ye, Shan Wang, Kewei Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinicopathological features and prognosis of gastric stump cancer (GSC) following subtotal gastrectomy for gastric cancer, to compare the clinicopathologic differences between narrow GSC and generalized GSC, and to compare the prognosis between GSC and primary proximal gastric cancer (PPGC) after radical resection. METHODS: Literatures of GSC-associated clinical study were searched by computer from the Cochrane Library, Medline, PubMed, CNKI, Wanfang and VIP databases, and the retrieval period was from the establishment of database to December 31, 2017...
May 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
keyword
keyword
41992
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"