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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813114/dimensions-of-youth-psychopathy-differentially-predict-concurrent-pro-and-antisocial-behavior
#1
Guilherme W Wendt, Alice J Bartoli, Adriane Arteche
Objective: To investigate the unique contribution of narcissism and impulsivity, in addition to callous-unemotional (CU) traits, in explaining concurrent prosocial and antisocial behavior. Method: Two hundred and forty-nine schoolchildren (53% female; age 9-12 years) completed the self-report Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and the Antisocial Process Screening Device (APSD). Two statistical models were tested, predicting conduct problems (CP) and prosocial behavior (PB)...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813074/oral-narrative-of-individuals-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder
#2
Giulia Ganthous, Natalia Freitas Rossi, Célia Maria Giacheti
Purpose: To investigate and compare the oral narrative of individuals with FASD and individuals with typical language development (TLD), as well as to correlate the narrative performance with the score from 4-Digit Diagnostic Code. Methods: Participants were 20 individuals with FASD, of both genders, with chronological age between 6 and 16 years, and 20 individuals with TLD, same gender and similar to the FASD group in age and socioeconomic status. The oral narrative was elicited using the book Frog, where are you? and the data were analyzed in terms of macrostructure, microstructure and global coherence level...
August 10, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812935/motivations-for-learning-of-family-medicine-residents-trained-in-competency-based-education
#3
Oksana Babenko, Olga Szafran, Sudha Koppula, Lillian Au
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Family physicians regularly encounter clinical uncertainty and ambiguity and thus, are expected to engage in on-going learning to respond to changing needs of family practice. Using Achievement Goal Theory, the objective of this study was to examine motivations for learning of family medicine residents in a competency-based program. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study, employing a survey methodology with family medicine residents at the mid-point of training at a Canadian university...
August 16, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812919/comparison-of-primary-and-secondary-enucleation-for-uveal-melanoma
#4
Chau M Pham, Philip L Custer, Steven M Couch
We investigated operative course and post-operative findings of patients undergoing primary enucleation for uveal melanoma versus those requiring secondary enucleation after brachytherapy. A retrospective chart review was performed with IRB approval on patients receiving treatment for uveal melanoma. Patients with enucleation as initial treatment and patients enucleated after plaque brachytherapy were analyzed for demographic data, operative course, and post-enucleation outcome. Further cause analysis for secondary enucleations was investigated...
August 16, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812245/association-of-elements-with-schizophrenia-and-intervention-of-selenium-supplements
#5
Zhe Li, Yumei Liu, Xia Li, Wen Ju, Guanrui Wu, Xiaomei Yang, Xiaofeng Fu, Xibao Gao
The purpose of this study is to explore more trace elements (zinc, potassium, copper, iron, boron, manganese, selenium, chromium and cadmium elements) in addition to calcium, magnesium, lead and arsenic in the sera of patients with schizophrenia and the general population in China and to determine the effect of selenium on schizophrenia patients. Participants were collected from the Pingyin County Mental Health Hospital and Pingyin County. A t test was used to analyse the differences between schizophrenia patients and healthy subjects, and element content differences in gender...
August 15, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812239/social-status-discrimination-and-minority-individuals-mental-health-a-secondary-analysis-of-us-national-surveys
#6
Celia C Lo, Tyrone C Cheng
OBJECTIVES: Our study measured minority individuals' social status factors and frequency of discrimination experiences, in order to delineate social mechanisms linking race/ethnicity to mental status (specifically, to current mood/anxiety disorder and self-rated mental health). METHODS: In this nationally representative secondary research, our data analyses drew on the cross-sectional "Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys," dating 2001-2003. The sample for the final model numbered 9368 respondents (2016 Asians, 2676 Latinos, 4676 blacks)...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812211/the-immune-system-in-obesity-developing-paradigms-amidst-inconvenient-truths
#7
REVIEW
Madhur Agrawal, Philip A Kern, Barbara S Nikolajczyk
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Adipose tissue (AT) houses both innate and adaptive immune systems that are crucial for preserving AT function and metabolic homeostasis. In this review, we summarize recent information regarding progression of obesity-associated AT inflammation and insulin resistance. We additionally consider alterations in AT distribution and the immune system in males vs. females and among different racial populations. RECENT FINDINGS: Innate and adaptive immune cell-derived inflammation drives insulin resistance both locally and systemically...
August 15, 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812193/cost-analysis-of-robot-assisted-choledochotomy-and-common-bile-duct-exploration-as-an-option-for-complex-choledocholithiasis
#8
Ahmed Almamar, Nawar A Alkhamesi, Ward T Davies, Christopher M Schlachta
AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical outcomes and cost-effectiveness of elective, robot-assisted choledochotomy and common bile duct exploration (RCD/CBDE) compared to open surgery for ERCP refractory choledocholithiasis. METHOD: A prospective database of all RCD/CBDE has been maintained since our first procedure in April 2007 though April 2016. With ethics approval, this database was compared with all contemporaneous elective open procedures (OCD/CBDE) performed since March 2005...
August 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812053/emergency-medical-service-personnel-recognize-pediatric-concussions
#9
Joshua N Speirs, Matthew I Lyons, Bert E Johansson
Concussions are a major cause of morbidity in pediatrics. Many concussions occur during activities with emergency medical service (EMS) providers present to determine if a higher level of care is needed. Data are limited on how capable these providers are. We assessed the ability of EMS providers to recognize pediatric concussions. Fifty-six total responses were included, 38 from EMS and 18 from our MD/RN (medical doctor/registered nurse) group. No statistical differences were found between the 2 groups when adjusted for age, gender, number of years in practice, and number of pediatric concussions managed...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811952/divorce-and-severity-of-coronary-artery-disease-a-multicenter-study
#10
Amin Daoulah, Mushabab Al-Murayeh, Salem Al-Kaabi, Amir Lotfi, Osama E Elkhateeb, Salem M Al-Faifi, Saleh Alqahtani, James Stewart, Jon Heavey, William T Hurley, Mohamed N Alama, Mazen Faden, Mohamed Al-Shehri, Ali Youssef, Alawi A Alsheikh-Ali
The association between marital status and coronary artery disease (CAD) is supported by numerous epidemiological studies. While divorce may have an adverse effect on cardiac outcomes, the relationship between divorce and severe CAD is unclear. We conducted a multicenter, observational study of consecutive patients undergoing coronary angiography during the period between April 1, 2013, and March 30, 2014. Of 1,068 patients, 124 (12%) were divorced. Divorce was more frequent among women (27%) compared to men (6%)...
2017: Cardiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811790/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-its-association-with-adiposity-indices-in-young-adults
#11
Mozaffer Rahim Hingorjo, Sitwat Zehra, Zainab Hasan, Masood Anwar Qureshi
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and adiposity in young adults. METHODS: Data was collected from 133 students of a medical college of Pakistan. The study was conducted on young adults, aged 17-24 years, recruited from Jinnah Medical & Dental College, Karachi, between Aug-Dec, 2015. Queen's College Step Test was conducted to measure CRF and maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) evaluated. Anthropometric measurements (body mass index, body fat, visceral fat, waist circumference) were taken to assess adiposity...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811770/clinical-and-laboratory-profile-of-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-experience-of-a-tertiary-care-center-in-pakistan
#12
Danish Abdul Aziz, Abdul Gaffar Billoo, Ahad Qureshi, Misha Khalid, Salman Kirmani
OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical presentation, diagnostic investigations and laboratory workup done in admitted children with cystic fibrosis at Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi, Pakistan. METHODS: This is athree years retrospective study from January 2013 to December 2015 conducted at The Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi Pakistan, enrolling admitted patient from birth to 15 years of either gender, diagnosed with CF on the basis of clinical features and positive sweat chloride test...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811561/analysis-of-risk-factors-of-rapid-thyroidal-radioiodine-131-turnover-in-graves-disease-patients
#13
Ruiguo Zhang, Jian Tan, Renfei Wang, Guizhi Zhang, Qiang Jia, Zhaowei Meng, Yueqian Zhang
Rapid iodine-131((131)I) turnover in the thyroid gland is an important feature of Graves' disease (GD) and also a strong predictor of radioiodine therapy failure. The aim of this study was to explore the predictors of rapid (131)I turnover. The clinical data on 2543 patients were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into 2 groups depending on present or absent with rapid (131)I turnover defined as a 4-hour to 24-hour (131)I uptake ratio of ≥1. Overall, 590 cases (23.2%) had a rapid (131)I turnover...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811249/male-specific-pulmonary-hemorrhage-and-cytokine-gene-expression-in-golden-hamster-in-early-phase-leptospira-interrogans-serovar-hebdomadis-infection
#14
Rina Tomizawa, Hiromu Sugiyama, Ryoichi Sato, Makoto Ohnishi, Nobuo Koizumi
Leptospirosis causes severe clinical signs more frequently in men than in women, but the mechanism underlying the gender differences in leptospirosis remains unclear. In this study, petechial hemorrhage was observed in male but not in female hamster lung tissues infected with Leptospira interrogans serovar Hebdomadis at 120 h pi, demonstrating that male hamsters were more susceptible to the development of a severe disease upon Leptospira infection. No leptospiral DNA was detected in the lung tissues at 120 h pi when pulmonary hemorrhage was observed, indicating that pulmonary hemorrhage is attributable to the immune reactions of the host rather than from the direct effect of leptospires...
August 12, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811139/metabonomics-approach-to-assessing-the-metabolism-variation-and-gender-gap-of-drosophila-melanogaster-in-aging-process
#15
Yu-Zhi Zhou, Ming-Liang Yan, Li Gao, Jian-Qin Zhang, Xue-Mei Qin, Xiang Zhang, Guan-Hua Du
Drosophila melanogaster is increasingly used for study aging mechanism and evaluating anti-aging drugs, but the changes of metabolites and differences of metabolites change between male and female during the aging process are not well known. Metabolomics technology, a massive information provider, has promoted the understanding of metabolic profile and overall changes of metabolites in organism. In this study, (1)H NMR based metabonomics was employed to investigate the dynamic changes of metabolites in whole bodies of male and female Drosophila melanogaster at 3, 15, 30, 45days and to research the gender gap of metabolites changes in aging process...
August 12, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810989/comparison-of-circumference-body-composition-measurements-and-eight-point-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-to-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-to-measure-body-fat-percentage
#16
Travis M Combest, Robin S Howard, Anne M Andrews
BACKGROUND: To compare the circumference measurement (CM) body composition method and 8-point segmental bioelectrical impedance analysis (DSM-BIA) to dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) in military members. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to compare three body composition methods. Our hypothesis was the CM is as accurate as DSM-BIA and DEXA in assessing body fat percentage (%BF). DESIGN: Cross sectional, observational study. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: Healthy active duty military males and nonpregnant females...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810971/effect-of-mixed-basic-military-training-on-the-physical-fitness-of-male-and-female-soldiers
#17
Paola S Wood, Catharina C Grant, Peet J du Toit, Lizelle Fletcher
INTRODUCTION: Mixed gender basic military training (BMT) is adopted to integrate the female South African soldier into the military. This study aimed to assess gender differences before, during (12 weeks), and after a 20-week mixed BMT course and determine if BMT significantly reduced these differences. METHODS: A total of 186 soldiers (114 male: mean age = 21.0 ± 1.1 year; 72 female: mean age = 20.5 ± 1.2 year) completed the BMT course and all anthropometric, physical fitness, explosive power, and hand grip strength measurements...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810940/unique-associations-among-emotion-dysregulation-dimensions-and-aggressive-tendencies-a-multisite-study
#18
Patrizia Velotti, Robert Casselman, Carlo Garofalo, Melissa McKenzie
Although problems with emotion regulation (ER) have long been associated with internalizing symptoms, only recently hasan ER framework been applied to the study of aggression. Therefore, little is known about the unique and independent associations between specific domains of the ER construct and different kinds of aggressive tendencies. We sought to explore these associations in two independent samples of young adults. Furthermore, we tested whether gender moderated the proposed emotion dysregulation-aggression link...
August 15, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810939/roadway-aggression-among-drivers-and-passengers-with-or-without-a-history-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
Gabriela Ilie, Christine Wickens, Robert Mann, Anca Ialomiteanu, Edward Adlaf, Hayley Hamilton, Mark Asbridge, Jürgen Rehm, Michael Cusimano
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the association between roadway aggression and traumatic brain injury (TBI) among drivers and passengers who reside in the province of Ontario, Canada. METHODS: Data were based on a 3-year cumulated cross-sectional sample of 6,048 adults aged 18 years and older who were surveyed by telephone. The outcome in this study was road rage in the form of verbal/gestural or physical aggression toward other road users and/or their vehicle. RESULTS: Driving status, history of TBI, age, gender, education, and the interaction between history of TBI and education significantly predicted roadway aggression...
August 15, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810891/the-variation-in-urinary-calcium-levels-in-adult-patients-with-fracture-and-surgical-intervention
#20
Junfei Wang, Xin Zheng, Liming Zhang, Yifan Zhang, Jin Xiong, Yixin Cheng, Hongfei Shi, Xusheng Qiu, Leqin Zhou, Xizhao Sun
BACKGROUND: Generally, a higher calcium diet is fed to fracture patients after surgery. However, recent studies have indicated that higher dietary calcium intakes increase the risk of urinary stones for fracture patients. Therefore, this study aimed to observe the variation in urinary calcium levels among fracture patients who underwent surgery, based on fracture type, fracture location, age and gender. METHODS: A total of 768 subjects were enrolled in this study from 2012 to 2015 and were divided into 2 groups: group A (fracture patients who underwent surgery) and group B (normal patients without fracture)...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
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