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"Hip resurfacing arthroplasty"

Joseph F Konopka, Robert L Buly, Bryan T Kelly, Edwin P Su, Alexander S McLawhorn
BACKGROUND: A significant number of patients who undergo hip arthroscopy will subsequently undergo total hip arthroplasty (THA) or hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA), although limited evidence exists regarding effects of prior hip arthroscopy on the outcomes of these procedures. METHODS: Of 5091 patients who underwent hip arthroscopy, we identified 69 patients who underwent subsequent THA (46) or HRA (23). Patients were matched to patients with no history of hip arthroscopy...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
Matthew L Costa, Juul Achten, Pedro Foguet, Nicholas R Parsons
OBJECTIVE: To compare the medium-term clinical effectiveness of total hip arthroplasty and resurfacing arthroplasty. DESIGN: Single centre, two-arm, parallel group, assessor blinded, randomised controlled trial with 1:1 treatment allocation. SETTING: A large teaching hospital in England. PARTICIPANTS: 122 patients older than 18 years with severe arthritis of the hip joint, suitable for resurfacing arthroplasty of the hip...
March 12, 2018: BMJ Open
Victoire Bouveau, Thomas-Xavier Haen, Joel Poupon, Christophe Nich
BACKGROUND: Function after revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) in failed metal-on-metal (MoM) hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA) is variable, but post-operative complication rates are reportedly high. We hypothesized HRA conversion to THA using the direct anterior approach (DAA) would be associated with optimal outcome. METHODS: Seventeen MoM-HRAs in 15 patients (seven males, eight females) were revised through the DAA. The mean age was 45 years (28-59 yrs)...
March 8, 2018: International Orthopaedics
Yoshinubo Uchihara, George Grammatopoulos, Mitsuru Munemoto, Gulraj Matharu, Yusuke Inagaki, Hemant Pandit, Yasuhito Tanaka, Nick A Athanasou
Metal-on-metal hip resurfacing arthroplasties (MoMHRAs) have a high failure rate due to pseudotumour formation. It is not certain whether pseudotumours in bilateral MoMHRAs form on the basis of an adverse reaction to metal debris (ARMD) that is entirely due to a local innate and adaptive immune response to Cobalt-Chrome (Co-Cr) wear particles. To determine if there is a systemic component to ARMD in bilateral MoMHRAs, we examined the histology of ARMD in unilateral and bilateral MoMHRAs revised for pseudotumour and determined whether implant survival differed between these two groups...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Ran Tao, Fan Liu, Ya-Ke Liu, Yue Lu, Hua Xu, Yi Cao, Zhen-Yu Zhou, Wei Wang
INTRODUCTION: Both hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA) and large-diameter head metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty (LDH MoM THA) are generally used for young and active patients. A number of comparative studies of HRA and total hip arthroplasty have been published in the literature. However, studies that have compared HRA with LDH MoM THA are rare. The purpose of this study is to compare the mid-term results of HRA with those of LDH MoM THA in young patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2007 and 2011, 68 patients were enrolled in the study and randomized into two groups: HRA group (28 hips) and LDH MoM THA group (40 hips)...
February 18, 2018: International Orthopaedics
S S A Miettinen, T J Mäkinen, K Mäkelä, H Huhtala, J S Kettunen, V Remes
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Large-diameter head total hip arthroplasty and hip resurfacing arthroplasty were popular in Finland from 2000 to 2012 for the treatment of hip osteoarthritis. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the mid-term survival of large-diameter head total hip arthroplasty patients operated on in three university hospitals and to compare these results to the survival of hip resurfacing arthroplasty patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 3860 hip arthroplasties (3029 large-diameter head total hip arthroplasties in 2734 patients and 831 hip resurfacing arthroplasties in 757 patients) were operated on between January 2004 and December 2009...
January 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
Erik Aro, Marko Seppänen, Keijo T Mäkelä, Pauliina Luoto, Anne Roivainen, Hannu T Aro
Metal-on-metal (MoM) bearings in total hip arthroplasties and hip resurfacing arthroplasties have recently shown a new type of complication: adverse reactions to metal debris (ARMD). ARMD is characterized by local severe inflammation and tissue necrosis leading to implant failures. The gluteal muscle region is important for the patient outcome after revision surgery. This prospective positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) study was undertaken to evaluate the characteristics of 2-deoxy-2-[18 F]fluoro-d-glucose ([18 F]FDG) and [68 Ga]Gallium citrate ([68 Ga]Citrate) PET/CT in ARMD patients...
December 27, 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
J Girard, A Lons, N Ramdane, S Putman
BACKGROUND: Hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA) is an alternative to total hip arthroplasty (THA) for the treatment of hip osteoarthritis in patients younger than 50 years. Data on revision rates after HRA are conflicting. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommends performing only those hip arthroplasty procedures associated with 10-year revision rates no greater than 5% (0.5% per year). Follow-up studies can rapidly determine whether this criterion is met...
December 22, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Ole Jakob Jørgensen, Baard Haaken Haakenstad, Ole Ovesen, Søren Overgaard
Hip resurfacing arthroplasty (RHA) was introduced as a superior alternative to the standard total hip arthroplasty (THA) in treating younger, more active patients. Early failure associated with adverse reactions to metal debris is now a known complication after hip resurfacing. There is no short-term difference in clinical outcome between patients operated with THA and RHA, and those operated with RHA are at greater risk of reoperation. Follow-up of patients having had RHA is recommended to follow national guidelines...
October 23, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Kyle W Morse, Edwin P Su
INTRODUCTION: Modern metal-on-metal hip resurfacing arthroplasty has led to decreased revision rates and high implant survival rates as compared to prior generations of resurfacing. Many of the series that report on resurfacing outcomes focus upon patients treated with a diagnosis of osteoarthritis. Patients with inflammatory arthritis such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) are also treated in these series, however, their outcomes following resurfacing are underreported...
October 12, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 414 in vol. 51, PMID: 28790470.].
September 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Keisuke Uemura, Masaki Takao, Hidetoshi Hamada, Takashi Sakai, Kenji Ohzono, Nobuhiko Sugano
Several reports have shown good long-term results with the Birmingham hip resurfacing (BHR) arthroplasty, but little is known about the results in Asian countries where there is a high prevalence of osteonecrosis and developmental dysplasia of the hip, and many females with small femoral head sizes. Therefore, we retrospectively evaluated the long-term clinical results of the BHR in 112 Japanese patients (53 males and 59 females-130 hips) with an average age of 52 years. Implant survivorship was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method with the endpoint being revision for any reason...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
Naoki Nakano, Andrea Volpin, Jonathan Bartlett, Vikas Khanduja
Despite the initial promise of metal-on-metal (MoM) implants as the ideal bearing surface for hip replacements and resurfacings, high short term failure rates due to an adverse reaction to metal debris (ARMD) have led to a dramatic reduction in the number of MoM implants used in the modern era. With over one million patients worldwide having undergone hip operations utilizing a MoM bearing surface, the long term outcomes for such patients remains unknown, and there is much debate as to the most effective management of these patients...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Emily B Gaillard, Melissa D Gaillard, Thomas P Gross
BACKGROUND: Women seeking surgical intervention for their hip disorders will often find total hip arthroplasty (THA) presented as their only option. THA, when compared with hip resurfacing arthroplasty, removes substantially more bone-stock, limits range-of-motion, exhibits increased dislocation risk, and presents greater overall 10-year mortality rate. Despite these risks, most surgeons continue to select against women for hip resurfacing because registries notoriously report inferior survivorship when compared with men and THA...
November 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
H C Amstutz, M J Le Duff, S K Bhaurla
AIMS: A contact patch to rim (CPR) distance of < 10 mm has been associated with edge-loading and excessive wear. However, not all arthroplasties with a low CPR distance show problems with wear. Therefore, CPR distance may not be the only variable affecting the post-operative metal ion concentrations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We used multiple logistic regression to determine what variables differed between the patients who had high and low cobalt (CoS) and chromium (CrS) serum ion concentrations within a cohort of patients with low (< 10 mm) CPR distances...
July 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
George Grammatopoulos, Mitsuru Munemoto, Athanasios Pollalis, Nicholas A Athanasou
BACKGROUND: Metal-on-metal-hip-resurfacing arthroplasties (MoMHRAs) have been associated with an increased failure rates due to an adverse-response-to-metal-debris (ARMD) associated with a spectrum of pathological features. Serum levels of cobalt (Co) and chromium (Cr) are used to assess MoMHRAs, with regard to ARMD, but it is not certain whether ion levels correlate with pathological changes in periprosthetic tissues. METHODS: Serum Co and Cr levels were correlated with histological findings in 38 revised MoMHRAs (29 pseudotumour cases and 9 non-pseudotumour cases revised for pain)...
August 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Chaturong Pornrattanamaneewong, Rapeepat Narkbunnam, Keerati Chareancholvanich
OBJECTIVE: To prove the accuracy of a customized guide developed according to our method. METHODS: This customized guide was developed from a three-dimensional model of proximal femur reconstructed using computed tomography data. Based on the new technique, the position of the guide pin insertion was selected and adjusted using the reference of the anatomical femoral neck axis. The customized guide consists of a hemispheric covering designed to fit the posterior part of the femoral neck...
March 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
Mette H Hjorth, Nina D Lorenzen, Kjeld Søballe, Stig S Jakobsen, Maiken Stilling
BACKGROUND: The anterolateral (AntLat) surgical approach may spare the blood supply to the femoral head and improve the accuracy of cup positioning in metal-on-metal hip resurfacing arthroplasty. Thereby, potentially lessen complications such as avascular head necrosis, femoral neck narrowing and fracture, improve implant fixation, and lessen periprosthetic bone mineral density (BMD) loss. METHODS: Between November 2008 and January 2012, a randomized clinical trial was performed at Aarhus University Hospital...
November 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
Simon J M Parker, George Grammatopoulos, Owain L I Davies, Karen Lynch, Tom C B Pollard, Antonio J Andrade
BACKGROUND: Hip arthroscopy is increasingly being used in joint preservation surgery with clear benefits in the treatment of prearthritic conditions. A number of patients, however, will still go on to require subsequent hip arthroplasty, and at present, little evidence exists determining the impact that prior hip arthroscopy may have on the outcomes of a subsequent arthroplasty. METHODS: Using prospectively collated data, we identified 35 patients who had a hip arthroplasty (22 total hip arthroplasties and 13 hip resurfacing arthroplasties) after prior ipsilateral hip arthroscopy (cases)...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
Melissa D Gaillard, Thomas P Gross
BACKGROUND: The Nordic registry reports patients under 50 years old with total hip replacements realize only 83% 10-year implant survivorship. These results do not meet the 95% 10-year survivorship guideline posed by the UK's National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) in 2014. METHODS: The purpose of this study is threefold: First, we evaluate if metal-on-metal hip resurfacing arthroplasty meets these high standards in younger patients. Next, we compare outcomes between age groups to determine if younger patients are at higher risk for revision or complication...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
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