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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944643/injury-rates-in-martial-art-athletes-anthropometric-parameters-and-training-volume-but-not-foot-morphology-indexes-are-predictive-risk-factors-for-lower-limb-injuries
#1
Jacopo A Vitale, Tito Bassani, Fabio Galbusera, Alberto Bianchi, Nicolò Martinelli
BACKGROUND: Previous studies attempted to identify possible risk factors for acute and overuse injuries in several sports disciplines such as running, gymnastics or team sports. Given the lack of scientific works focused on risk factors for lower limb injuries in martial arts, the present study was aimed to investigate foot anatomy, anthropometric measures, and other background information as possible risk factors of injury in barefoot athletes practicing judo, karate, kung fu, thai boxe, or aikido...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943009/midterm-and-long-term-follow-up-in-competitive-athletes-undergoing-thoracic-outlet-decompression-for-neurogenic-thoracic-outlet-syndrome
#2
William Shutze, Brad Richardson, Ryan Shutze, Kimberly Tran, Allen Dao, Gerald O Ogola, Allan Young, Greg Pearl
BACKGROUND: Neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (NTOS) results from compression of the brachial plexus by the clavicle, first rib, and scalene muscles and may develop secondary to repetitive motion of the upper extremity. Athletes routinely perform repetitive motions, and sports requiring significant arm and shoulder use may put the participant at increased risk for NTOS. Competitive athletes who develop NTOS may require first rib resection and scalenectomy (FRRS) for symptomatic relief...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942619/morning-surge-and-nocturnal-dipping-pattern-two-different-entities-or-statistical-gymnastics
#3
Jouni K Johansson, Teemu J Niiranen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937802/epidemiology-of-stress-fractures-in-collegiate-student-athletes-2004-2005-through-2013-2014-academic-years
#4
Katherine H Rizzone, Kathryn E Ackerman, Karen G Roos, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:   Stress fractures are injuries caused by cumulative, repetitive stress that leads to abnormal bone remodeling. Specific populations, including female athletes and endurance athletes, are at higher risk than the general athletic population. Whereas more than 460 000 individuals participate in collegiate athletics in the United States, no large study has been conducted to determine the incidence of stress fractures in collegiate athletes. OBJECTIVE:   To assess the incidence of stress fractures in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletes and investigate rates and patterns overall and by sport...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919185/epidemiology-of-cervical-spine-injuries-in-high-school-athletes-over-a-ten-year-period
#5
Adele Meron, Christopher McMullen, Scott R Laker, Dustin Currie, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: Over 7 million athletes participate in high school (HS) sports annually, with both the benefits of physical activity and risks of injury. While catastrophic cervical spine injuries have been studied, limited data are available characterizing less severe cervical spine injuries in HS athletes. OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare cervical spine injury rates and patterns among United States (US) HS athletes across 24 sports over a ten-year period. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study SETTING: National sample of high schools participating in the High School Reporting Information Online (High School RIO) injury surveillance system...
September 12, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917146/construct-validity-and-inter-rater-reliability-of-the-gymnastic-functional-measurement-tool-in-the-classification-of-female-competitive-gymnasts-in-canada
#6
Joseph Kaldas, Céline Bisson, Annie-Claude Hogue, Catherine Apinis, Djamal Berbiche, Nathaly Gaudreault
OBJECTIVES: To determine the construct validity and the inter-rater reliability of the Gymnastic Functional Measurement Tool (GFMT) within the parameters of the Canadian classification of female competitive gymnasts. DESIGN: Validity and Reliability study. SETTING: The GFMT was administered by evaluators who had no previous knowledge of the competing level of the gymnasts. To determine the construct validity, a multiple linear regression analysis was carried out between the GFMT scores and the gymnasts' competition level to obtain the coefficient of determination...
August 8, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915772/hypermobility-in-adolescent-athletes-pain-functional-ability-quality-of-life-and-musculoskeletal-injuries
#7
Heidi Schmidt, Trine Lykke Pedersen, Tina Junge, Raoul Engelbert, Birgit Juul-Kristensen
Study Design Cross-sectional. Background Generalised joint hypermobility (GJH) may increase pain and likelihood of injuries and also decrease function and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in elite level adolescent athletes. Objectives To assess the prevalence of GJH in elite level adolescent athletes, and to study the association of GJH with pain, function, HRQoL, and musculoskeletal injuries. Methods A total of 132 elite level adolescent athletes (36 males; 96 females), mean (SD) age 14.0 (0.9) years, participated (n=22 ballet dancers, n=57 teamgym gymnasts, n=53 team handball players)...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902754/wrist-pain-in-gymnasts-a-review-of-common-overuse-wrist-pathology-in-the-gymnastics-athlete
#8
Holly J Benjamin, Sean C Engel, Debra Chudzik
Injury rates among gymnasts are among the highest of any sport at the high school and collegiate level per athletic exposure. The wrist has increased injury risk due to repetitive physical stresses predisposing it to acute injury, overuse, and degenerative damage. This article will review the most common overuse wrist injuries seen in gymnasts. Prompt evaluation and management is necessary to avoid the negative sequelae that can often accompany these injuries. Little is known about effective sport-specific injury prevention strategies, but general guidelines for overuse injury prevention including limiting excessive loading of the wrist, maintaining wrist joint flexibility, an emphasis on proper technique, and incorporating wrist and general core strengthening seem beneficial...
September 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900567/the-comparison-of-the-lumbar-multifidus-muscles-function-between-gymnastic-athletes-with-sway-back-posture-and-normal-posture
#9
Elnaz Mahdavie, Asghar Rezasoltani, Leila Simorgh
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of sway back posture (SBP) is very high among elite gymnasts. This posture may be partly due to the improper function of lumbar multifidus muscles (LMM) as lumbar stabilizers muscles. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the thicknesses of LMM measured at rest and during the contraction elicited during an arm lift between elite gymnasts with SBP and normal posture. STUDY DESIGN: Observational, descriptive, comparative...
August 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886548/investigating-the-impact-of-different-sport-trainings-on-particulate-matter-resuspension-in-a-sport-center-using-well-characterized-reference-instruments-and-a-low-cost-monitor
#10
Mehdi Amouei Torkmahalleh, Karakat Kabay, Meruyet Bazhanova, Obaidullah Mohiuddin, Madina Obaidullah, Soudabeh Gorjinezhad
The present study investigated the exposure of teenagers, adults, and students to PM1, PM2.5, PM4, PM10, particle number concentration at two sport facilities of Nazarbayev University including Gymnastics Hall and Multi-purpose Hall. Measurements were conducted during variety of sport training sessions including soccer, basketball, volleyball, Mixed Martial Arts (MMA), boxing, table tennis, etc. A low-cost instrument, Dylos was employed to compare its performance against two TSI instruments. In overall, the Dylos showed acceptable peaks when the source of particle resuspension was present...
September 5, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872424/intensified-training-period-increases-salivary-iga-responses-but-does-not-affect-the-severity-of-upper-respiratory-tract-infection-symptoms-in-prepuberal-rhythmic-gymnasts
#11
Kizzy Antualpa, Marcelo Saldanha Aoki, Alexandre Moreira
This study examined the effect of a 4-week intensified training period (IT), followed by a 2-week tapering period (TP), on salivary immunoglobulin A (SIgA), salivary cortisol (CORT) and the severity of upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) symptoms in 23 rhythmic gymnasts (12.1±2.6 yrs; 143.9±13.7 cm; 37.2±9.4 kg). Saliva sampling was conducted at pre- and post-IT, and post-TP (analyzed using ELISA). The WURSS-21 questionnaire was completed daily to analyze the severity of URTI symptoms. The session-RPE was used to determine the internal training load and the acute:chronic workload ratio (ACW)...
September 5, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866772/the-gymnastics-of-epigenomics-in-rice
#12
REVIEW
Aditya Banerjee, Aryadeep Roychoudhury
Epigenomics is represented by the high-throughput investigations of genome-wide epigenetic alterations, which ultimately dictate genomic, transcriptomic, proteomic and metabolomic dynamism. Rice has been accepted as the global staple crop. As a result, this model crop deserves significant importance in the rapidly emerging field of plant epigenomics. A large number of recently available data reveal the immense flexibility and potential of variable epigenomic landscapes. Such epigenomic impacts and variability are determined by a number of epigenetic regulators and several crucial inheritable epialleles, respectively...
September 2, 2017: Plant Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843128/effect-of-neck-flexor-muscle-activation-on-impact-velocity-of-the-head-during-backward-falls-in-young-adults
#13
W J Choi, S N Robinovitch, S A Ross, J Phan, D Cipriani
Falls are a common cause of traumatic brain injuries (TBI) across the lifespan. A proposed but untested hypothesis is that neck muscle activation influences impact severity and risk for TBI during a fall. We conducted backward falling experiments to test whether activation of the neck flexor muscles facilitates the avoidance of head impact, and reduces impact velocity if the head contacts the ground. Young adults (n=8) fell from standing onto a 30cm thick gymnastics mat while wearing a helmet. Participants were instructed to fall backward and (a) prevent their head from impacting the mat ("no head impact" trials); (b) allow their head to impact the mat, but with minimal impact severity ("soft impact" trials); and (c) allow their head to impact the mat, while inhibiting efforts to reduce impact severity ("hard impact" trials)...
August 16, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828095/the-physique-of-elite-female-artistic-gymnasts-a-systematic-review
#14
Sarita Bacciotti, Adam Baxter-Jones, Adroaldo Gaya, José Maia
It has been suggested that successful young gymnasts are a highly select group in terms of the physique. This review summarizes the available literature on elite female gymnasts' anthropometric characteristics, somatotype, body composition and biological maturation. The main aims were to identify: (i) a common physique and (ii) the differences, if any, among competitive/performance levels. A systematic search was conducted online using five different databases. Of 407 putative papers, 17 fulfilled all criteria and were included in the review...
September 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827381/promotion-of-healthy-weight-control-practices-in-young-athletes
#15
Rebecca L Carl, Miriam D Johnson, Thomas J Martin
Children and adolescents may participate in sports that favor a particular body type. Some sports, such as gymnastics, dance, and distance running, emphasize a slim or lean physique for aesthetic or performance reasons. Participants in weight-class sports, such as wrestling and martial arts, may attempt weight loss so they can compete at a lower weight class. Other sports, such as football and bodybuilding, highlight a muscular physique; young athletes engaged in these sports may desire to gain weight and muscle mass...
September 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817407/nonoperative-management-of-labral-tears-of-the-hip-in-adolescent-athletes-description-of-sports-participation-interventions-comorbidity-and-outcomes
#16
Andrea Cianci, Dai Sugimoto, Andrea Stracciolini, Yi-Meng Yen, Mininder S Kocher, Pierre A dʼHemecourt
CONTEXT: Hip injury among young athletes is increasing, especially hip labral tears. Some tears may require surgical intervention, especially if they are associated with boney pathology such as femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). A protocol for nonoperative treatment of the hip labral tears is not well established. OBJECTIVE: To identify current nonoperative treatment options, comorbidities, sports participation, and outcomes of adolescent athletes who were diagnosed with hip labral tears...
August 16, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796655/effects-of-childhood-gymnastics-program-on-spatial-working-memory
#17
Shu-Shih Hsieh, Chih-Chien Lin, Yu-Kai Chang, Chun-Ju Huang, Tsung-Min Hung
PURPOSE: A growing body of evidence has demonstrated the positive effects of physical exercise on cognition in children, and recent studies have specifically investigated the cognitive benefits of exercises involving cognitive-motor interactions, such as gymnastics. This study examined the effect of 8 weeks of gymnastics training on behavioral and neurophysiological measures of spatial working memory in children. METHODS: Forty-four children aged 7 to 10 yrs were recruited...
August 7, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796126/physiological-pattern-changes-in-response-to-a-simulated-competition-in-elite-women-artistic-gymnasts
#18
Laurie Isacco, Gaël Ennequin, Johan Cassirame, Nicolas Tordi
The outstanding progress in women's artistic gymnastics in recent decades has led to increased technical and physiological demands. The aim of this study was to investigate i) the physiological demands of elite French gymnasts and ii) the impact of a competitive routine on physiological pattern changes. Fourteen French elite female gymnasts performed anthropometric measurements, physical fitness tests and a simulated four event competition. Heart rate (HR) was continuously recorded throughout the duration of the simulated competition...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783470/differences-in-fitness-level-between-women-aged-60-and-over-participating-in-three-different-supervised-exercise-programs-and-a-sedentary-group
#19
Maria Viladrosa, Ana Lavedán, Pilar Jürschik, Sebastià Mas-Alòs, Antoni Planas-Anzano, Olga Masot
The aim of this study was to compare fitness levels in women aged 60 and over participating in a supervised exercise program (involving tai chi, recreational gymnastics, and/or aquatic fitness) with those in a sedentary group. An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was performed on a total of 171 women aged from 60 to 92 who attended public community clubs for older adults. The instruments used included the Senior Fitness Test, the Tinetti Balance Assessment Tool, the Katz Index, and the Lawton & Brody Activities of Daily Living Scale...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772133/a-fourth-generation-lentiviral-vector-simplifying-genomic-gymnastics
#20
Ben Berkhout
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
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