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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318315/the-epidemiology-of-deltoid-ligament-sprains-in-25-national-collegiate-athletic-association-sports-2009-2010-through-2014-2015-academic-years
#1
Elizabeth E Hibberd, Thomas J Kopec, Karen G Roos, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT: Deltoid ligament sprains among collegiate student-athletes have not been extensively investigated. Research regarding the mechanisms, participation-restriction time, and recurrence of deltoid ligament sprains in collegiate student-athletes is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of deltoid ligament sprains in 25 National Collegiate Athletic Association championship sports. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING: National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance Program...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282745/overuse-wrist-injuries-in-young-athletes-what-do-sports-physicians-consider-important-signals-and-functional-limitations
#2
Laura S Kox, P Paul F M Kuijer, Jip Opperman, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs, Mario Maas, Monique H W Frings-Dresen
This study's objective was to collect items from experienced sports physicians, relating to the presence and severity of overuse wrist injuries in young athletes, for developing a measurement instrument for signals of overuse wrist injury. Seven Dutch elite sports physicians involved in guidance and treatment of young athletes in wrist-loading sports (gymnastics, tennis, judo, field hockey, volleyball and rowing) participated in a focus group. They discussed signals and limitations related to overuse wrist injuries in young athletes...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280583/sequential-effects-in-olympic-synchronized-diving-scores
#3
Robin S S Kramer
When judging performances in a sequence, the current score is often influenced by the preceding score. Where athletes are perceived to be similar, a judgement is assimilated towards the previous one. However, if judges focus on the differences between the two athletes, this will result in a contrasting influence on their scores. Here, I investigate sequential effects during synchronized diving events at the 2012 and 2016 Olympic Games. Although previous research found assimilation in scores of gymnasts, the current data showed contrast effects-current scores benefited from following a poor performance but were at a disadvantage if they followed a high-scoring performance...
January 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253059/are-injuries-more-common-with-crossfit-training-than-other-forms-of-exercise
#4
Chelsey Klimek, Christopher Ashbeck, Alexander J Brook, Chris Durall
Clinical Scenario: CrossFit is a form of exercise that incorporates rapid and successive high-intensity, ballistic movements. As CrossFit becomes an increasingly popular fitness option, it is important to determine how rates of injury compare to more traditional forms of exercise. This review was conducted to ascertain the incidence of injury with CrossFit relative to other forms of exercise. Focused Clinical Question: Are injuries more common with CrossFit training than other forms of exercise? Summary of Key Findings The literature was searched for studies that compared injury rates among individuals who participated in CrossFit fitness programs to participants in other exercise programs The search initially yielded >100 results which was narrowed down to three level 2b retrospective cohort studies that was deemed to have met inclusion/exclusion criteria In all three reviewed studies, the reported incidences of injuries associated with CrossFit training programs were comparable or lower than rates of injury in Olympic weightlifting, distance running, track and field, rugby, or gymnastics...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252585/-the-modern-approach-to-the-conservative-treatment-of-the-patients-presenting-with-postoperative-bilateral-vocal-fold-palsy
#5
O Yu Karpova, V M Svistushkin
The objective of the preset study was to further improve the diagnostics and treatment of unilateral palsies of the laryngeal recurrent nerves associated with transitory reflective spasm of the functionally competent vocal fold. The study included 49 patients (46 women and 3 men) at the age varying from 21 to 75 years presenting with unilateral palsies of the laryngeal recurrent nerves associated with transitory reflective spasm of the functionally competent vocal fold that developed after the surgical intervention on the thyroid gland...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243175/frequency-of-wrist-growth-plate-injury-in-young-gymnasts-at-a-training-center
#6
María Roxana Viamont Guerra, Jose Renato Depari Estelles, Yussef Ali Abdouni, Diego Figueira Falcochio, Joao Roberto Polydoro Rosa, Liane Hulle Catani
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of physeal injuries and wrist pain in young competitive gymnasts according to their training characteristics . METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study (January-June 2015) of a male gymnastics team in São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Nineteen gymnasts, mean age 13.3 years, were evaluated in three ways: a questionnaire, physical examination and radiographs . RESULTS: On average, they trained since 6 years-old and during hours per week...
July 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240710/intermittent-but-not-continuous-static-stretching-improves-subsequent-vertical-jump-performance-in-flexibility-trained-athletes
#7
Gregory C Bogdanis, Olyvia Donti, Charilaos Tsolakis, Ilias Smilios, David J Bishop
This study examined changes in countermovement jump (CMJ) height after an intermittent or a continuous static stretching protocol of equal total duration. DESIGN: Sixteen male, elite-level gymnasts performed 90 s of intermittent (3 x 30 s with 30 s rest) or continuous stretching (90 s) of the quadriceps muscle. A single-leg stretching and jumping design was used, with the contra-lateral limb serving as a control. The same individuals performed both conditions with alternate legs in a randomized, counterbalanced order...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198605/the-effect-of-gymnastic-training-on-muscle-strength-and-co-activation-during-isometric-elbow-and-glenohumeral-flexion-extension
#8
Andrzej Kochanowicz, Bartłomiej Niespodziński, Jan Mieszkowski, Kazimierz Kochanowicz, Stanisław Sawczyn
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to demonstrate the differences between non- athletes and gymnasts at the pre- and post-pubertal age in the development of peak torque and ensuing flexion/extension ratios at the elbow and the glenohumeral joints, as well as to assess the relevance of the above activities for the co-activation of selected muscles. METHODS: The study involved 20 gymnasts and 20 non-athletes aged 8-9 years, in addition to 12 gymnasts and 16 non-athletes aged 18-25 years...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198603/training-intensity-and-sagittal-curvature-of-the-spine-in-male-and-female-artistic-gymnasts
#9
Jose M Sanz-Mengibar, Pilar Sainz-DE-Baranda, Fernando Santonja-Medina
BACKGROUND: Specific adaptations of the spine in the sagittal plane have been described according to different sports disciplines. The goal of this study was to describe the integrative diagnosis of the sagittal morphotype of the spine in male and female artistic gymnasts. METHODS: 48 gymnasts were measured with an inclinometer. Thoracic and Lumbar curves were quantified in standing position, in Sit and Reach and Slump Sitting in order to assess the sagittal spine posture and analyze if adaptations were related to training intensity...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149408/maximal-power-of-the-lower-limbs-of-youth-gymnasts-and-biomechanical-indicators-of-the-forward-handspring-vault-versus-the-sports-result
#10
Andrzej Kochanowicz, Kazimierz Kochanowicz, Bartłomiej Niespodziúski, Jan Mieszkowski, Piotr Aschenbrenner, Grzegorz Bielec, Mirosława Szark-Eckardt
The aim of the study was to define the relationship between maximal power of lower limbs, the biomechanics of the forward handspring vault and the score received during a gymnastics competition. The research involved 42 gymnasts aged 9-11 years competing in the Poland's Junior Championships. The study consisted of three stages: first -estimating the level of indicators of maximal power of lower limbs tested on a force plate during the countermovement jump; second - estimating the level of biomechanical indicators of the front handspring vault...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149388/an-investigation-into-the-relationship-between-pre-competition-mood-states-age-gender-and-a-national-ranking-in-artistic-gymnastics
#11
Dóra Boldizsár, István Soós, Ian Whyte, Pál Hamar
This study investigated the relationship between pre-competition mood state factors in gymnastics by gender, age and a national ranking. Participant-gymnasts (total n=116, male n=49, female n=67) completed a Brunel Mood Scale (BRUMS) one day prior to their main competition of the year. Information was also gathered from gymnasts of gender, age and a national ranking. Consistent with theoretical predictions, results confirmed that a number of pre-competition mood states differed by age with both juniors and seniors having a higher level of anger than children (p<...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149377/the-relative-contribution-of-physical-fitness-to-the-technical-execution-score-in-youth-rhythmic-gymnastics
#12
Olyvia Donti, Gregory C Bogdanis, Maria Kritikou, Anastasia Donti, Kalliopi Theodorakou
This study examined the association between physical fitness and a technical execution score in rhythmic gymnasts varying in the performance level. Forty-six young rhythmic gymnasts (age: 9.9 ±1.3 years) were divided into two groups (qualifiers, n=24 and non-qualifiers, n=22) based on the results of the National Championships. Gymnasts underwent a series of physical fitness tests and technical execution was evaluated in a routine without apparatus. There were significant differences between qualifiers and non-qualifiers in the technical execution score (p=0...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141870/cellular-stress-response-gene-expression-during-upper-and-lower-body-high-intensity-exercises
#13
Andrzej Kochanowicz, Stanisław Sawczyn, Bartłomiej Niespodziński, Jan Mieszkowski, Kazimierz Kochanowicz, Małgorzata Żychowska
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to compare the effect of upper and lower body high-intensity exercise on chosen genes expression in athletes and non-athletes. METHOD: Fourteen elite male artistic gymnasts (EAG) aged 20.6 ± 3.3 years and 14 physically active men (PAM) aged 19.9 ± 1.0 years performed lower and upper body 30 s Wingate Tests. Blood samples were collected before, 5 and 30 minutes after each effort to assess gene expression via PCR. RESULTS: Significantly higher mechanical parameters after lower body exercise was observed in both groups, for relative power (8...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139042/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-injuries-and-their-impact-on-academic-success-a-prospective-study-in-pete-students
#14
S Bliekendaal, L Goossens, J H Stubbe
Injuries can have a major impact on the physical performance and academic career of physical education teacher education (PETE) students. To investigate the injury problem, risk factors, and the impact of injuries on academic success, 252 PETE students were followed during their first semester. Risk factor analysis was conducted by means of logistic regression analysis with a differentiation for upper body, lower body, acute, overuse, and severe injuries. An incidence of 1.26 injuries/student/semester was found...
January 30, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127637/-motor-skills-and-safety-of-patients-with-bi-or-trimalleolar-ankle-injury-comparison-with-healthy-active-age-matched-control-subjects
#15
Dana Loudovici-Krug, Monique Benkenstein, Steffen Derlien, Norman Best
OBJECTIVE: Do patients with bi- or trimalleolar ankle injury show differences in motor skills and safety in comparison with healthy, active, age-matched control subjects? STUDY DESIGN: Prospective controlled cross-sectional study. METHODS: Inclusion of 17 patients with bi- or trimalleolar ankle injury (mean 1.5 years postsurgery) and 23 healthy, active subjects of comparable age (fitness studio). Measurement instruments: motor test procedures and questionnaires...
January 26, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118030/the-epidemiology-of-severe-injuries-sustained-by-national-collegiate-athletic-association-student-athletes-2009-2010-through-2014-2015
#16
Melissa C Kay, Johna K Register-Mihalik, Aaron D Gray, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT: Few researchers have described the incidence of the most severe injuries sustained by student-athletes at the collegiate level. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of severe injuries within 25 National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sports in the 2009-2010 through 2014-2015 academic years. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING: Aggregate injury and exposure data from 25 NCAA sports. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Collegiate student-athletes in the 2009-2010 through 2014-2015 academic years...
February 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102172/dr-j%C3%A3-zef-aleksiewicz-activity-in-support-of-the-development-of-orthopedics-and-rehabilitation-in-iwonicz-zdr%C3%A3-j-1921-1957
#17
Sławomir Jandziś, Stanisław Zaborniak
Based on source materials in the possession of Józef Aleksiewicz family (typescripts, manuscripts, photographs, other documents) and articles published in professional medical journals and newspapers, the authors present the contribution of Dr. J. Aleksiewicz to the development of orthopedics and rehabilitation in Iwonicz-Zdrój. In May 1921, he was appointed Surgeon General of the Spa Commission in Iwonicz-Zdrój. After holding several scholarly trips abroad in 1925 to sanatoriums treating cases of osteo-articular tuberculosis, he commenced the construction of "Sanato", a modern sanatorium...
August 30, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061756/a-novel-method-to-promote-physical-activity-among-older-adults-in-residential-care-an-exploratory-field-study-on-implicit-social-norms
#18
Margot A Koeneman, Astrid Chorus, Marijke Hopman-Rock, Mai J M Chinapaw
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) levels of older adults living in a care setting are known to be very low. This is a significant health(care) problem, as regular PA has many health benefits also at advanced age. Research on automatic processes underlying PA behaviour in physically inactive older adults is yet non-existing. Since people are unconsciously influenced by people around them (i.e. by 'social norms') automatic processes could be used to promote PA. We developed an explorative intervention method to assess the effects of automatically processed (implicit) descriptive social norms ('What most people do') on behavioral intention and participation in PA offered in a local residential care setting...
January 6, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038316/association-of-the-female-athlete-triad-risk-assessment-stratification-to-the-development-of-bone-stress-injuries-in-collegiate-athletes
#19
Adam S Tenforde, Jennifer L Carlson, Audrey Chang, Kristin L Sainani, Rebecca Shultz, Jae Hyung Kim, Phil Cutti, Neville H Golden, Michael Fredericson
BACKGROUND: The female athlete triad (referred to as the triad) contributes to adverse health outcomes, including bone stress injuries (BSIs), in female athletes. Guidelines were published in 2014 for clinical management of athletes affected by the triad. PURPOSE: This study aimed to (1) classify athletes from a collegiate population of 16 sports into low-, moderate-, and high-risk categories using the Female Athlete Triad Cumulative Risk Assessment score and (2) evaluate the predictive value of the risk categories for subsequent BSIs...
February 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999723/measuring-sport-specific-physical-abilities-in-male-gymnasts-the-men-s-gymnastics-functional-measurement-tool
#20
Mark D Sleeper, Lisa K Kenyon, James M Elliott, M Samuel Cheng
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of various field-tests for many competitive sports, a reliable and valid test specifically developed for use in men's gymnastics has not yet been developed. The Men's Gymnastics Functional Measurement Tool (MGFMT) was designed to assess sport-specific physical abilities in male competitive gymnasts. The purpose of this study was to develop the MGFMT by establishing a scoring system for individual test items and to initiate the process of establishing test-retest reliability and construct validity...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
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