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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796655/effects-of-childhood-gymnastics-program-on-spatial-working-memory
#1
Shu-Shih Hsieh, Chih-Chien Lin, Yu-Kai Chang, Chun-Ju Huang, Tsung-Min Hung
PURPOSE: A growing body of evidence has demonstrated the positive effects of physical exercise on cognition in children, and recent studies have specifically investigated the cognitive benefits of exercises involving cognitive-motor interactions, such as gymnastics. This study examined the effect of 8 weeks of gymnastics training on behavioral and neurophysiological measures of spatial working memory in children. METHODS: Forty-four children aged 7 to 10 yrs were recruited...
August 7, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796126/physiological-pattern-changes-in-response-to-a-simulated-competition-in-elite-women-artistic-gymnasts
#2
Laurie Isacco, Gaël Ennequin, Johan Cassirame, Nicolas Tordi
The outstanding progress in women's artistic gymnastics in recent decades has led to increased technical and physiological demands. The aim of this study was to investigate i) the physiological demands of elite French gymnasts and ii) the impact of a competitive routine on physiological pattern changes. Fourteen French elite female gymnasts performed anthropometric measurements, physical fitness tests and a simulated four event competition. Heart rate (HR) was continuously recorded throughout the duration of the simulated competition...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783470/differences-in-fitness-level-between-women-aged-60-and-over-participating-in-three-different-supervised-exercise-programs-and-a-sedentary-group
#3
Maria Viladrosa, Ana Lavedán, Pilar Jürschik, Sebastià Mas-Alòs, Antoni Planas-Anzano, Olga Masot
The aim of this study was to compare fitness levels in women aged 60 and over participating in a supervised exercise program (involving tai chi, recreational gymnastics, and/or aquatic fitness) with those in a sedentary group. An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was performed on a total of 171 women aged from 60 to 92 who attended public community clubs for older adults. The instruments used included the Senior Fitness Test, the Tinetti Balance Assessment Tool, the Katz Index, and the Lawton & Brody Activities of Daily Living Scale...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772133/a-fourth-generation-lentiviral-vector-simplifying-genomic-gymnastics
#4
Ben Berkhout
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761701/high-prevalence-of-self-reported-injuries-and-illnesses-in-talented-female-athletes
#5
A Richardson, B Clarsen, E A L M Verhagen, J H Stubbe
BACKGROUND: A thorough knowledge of the epidemiology and severity of injuries and illness in youth female elite sports is lacking due to the methodological challenges involved in recording them. In this study, the prevalence and incidence of injuries and illness are assessed among youth female elite athletes. Instead of solely focusing on time-loss injuries, our study included all substantial and non-substantial health problems (ie, injuries, mental problems and illnesses). METHODS: Sixty young elite Dutch female athletes (age: 16...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757655/traditional-gymnastic-exercises-for-the-pelvic-floor-often-lead-to-bladder-neck-descent-a-study-using-perineal-ultrasound
#6
Kaven Baeßler, Bärbel Junginger
BACKGROUND: The aims of physiotherapy in stress incontinent women are to improve pelvic floor function and the continence mechanism including bladder neck support and urethral closure pressure. In Germany, traditional conservative treatment often includes gymnastic exercises with unclear effects on the bladder neck. The aim of this study was to sonographically assess bladder neck movements during selected exercises. METHODS: Fifteen healthy, continent women without previous vaginal births, who were able to voluntarily contract their pelvic floor muscels performed the shoulder bridge, the abdominal press, tiptoe and the Pilates clam exercises...
July 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753624/muscular-fatigue-in-response-to-different-modalities-of-crossfit-sessions
#7
José Luis Maté-Muñoz, Juan H Lougedo, Manuel Barba, Pablo García-Fernández, Manuel V Garnacho-Castaño, Raúl Domínguez
BACKGROUND: CrossFit is a new strength and conditioning regimen involving short intense daily workouts called workouts of the day (WOD). This study assesses muscular fatigue levels induced by the three modalities of CrossFit WOD; gymnastics (G), metabolic conditioning (M) and weightlifting (W). MATERIAL AND METHODS: 34 healthy subjects undertook three WOD (one per week): a G WOD consisting of completing the highest number of sets of 5 pull-ups, 10 push-ups and 15 air squats in 20 min; an M WOD, in which the maximum number of double skipping rope jumps was executed in 8 sets (20 s), resting (10 s) between sets; and finally, a W WOD in which the maximum number of power cleans was executed in 5 min, lifting a load equivalent to 40% of the individual's 1RM...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745464/elite-athletes-and-pubertal-delay
#8
Karina Kapczuk
Intensive physical training and participation in competitive sports during childhood and early adolescence may affect athletes' pubertal development. On the other hand, pubertal timing, early or late, may impact on an athlete selection for a particular sport. Genetic predisposition, training load, nutritional status and psychological stress determine athletes' pubertal timing. Athletes that practice esthetic sports, especially gymnasts, are predisposed to a delay in pubertal development. The growing evidence indicates that energy deficiency, not a systemic training per se, plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of functional hypothalamic hypogonadism in female athletes...
October 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742616/twenty-year-systematic-review-of-the-hip-pathology-risk-factors-treatment-and-clinical-outcomes-in-artistic-athletes-dancers-figure-skaters-and-gymnasts
#9
Ioanna Bolia, Hajime Utsunomiya, Renato Locks, Karen Briggs, Marc J Philippon
OBJECTIVE: To identify (1) the predominant level of evidence of the clinical studies regarding the hip pathology, risk factors, treatment, and clinical outcomes in artistic athletes (dancers, figure skaters, and gymnasts) (2) the most commonly reported hip pathology, risk factors, treatments, and clinical outcomes in dancers, figure skaters, and gymnasts. METHODS: To conduct this systematic review PubMed, EMBASE, and Scopus databases were searched for relevant studies and pertinent data were collected from the eligible articles...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733834/long-term-intensive-gymnastic-training-induced-changes-in-intra-and-inter-network-functional-connectivity-an-independent-component-analysis
#10
Huiyuan Huang, Junjing Wang, Carol Seger, Min Lu, Feng Deng, Xiaoyan Wu, Yuan He, Chen Niu, Jun Wang, Ruiwang Huang
Long-term intensive gymnastic training can induce brain structural and functional reorganization. Previous studies have identified structural and functional network differences between world class gymnasts (WCGs) and non-athletes at the whole-brain level. However, it is still unclear how interactions within and between functional networks are affected by long-term intensive gymnastic training. We examined both intra- and inter-network functional connectivity of gymnasts relative to non-athletes using resting-state fMRI (R-fMRI)...
July 21, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715881/comparison-of-bone-metabolism-based-on-the-different-ages-and-competition-levels-of-junior-and-high-school-female-rhythmic-gymnasts
#11
Taewoong Oh, Tatsuki Naka
PURPOSE: This study was to clarify the effect of age and competition level by measuring bone metabolism markers and bone mineral density measurements of junior high school and high school female rhythmic gymnasts, who restrict their diets to maintain a low body weight, while routinely undertaking long hours of high-intensity exercise, comparing the gymnasts based on their elite/non-elite. METHODS: The study investigated 7 junior high school and 12 high school female rhythmic gymnasts...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713469/anthropometric-profile-in-different-event-categories-of-acrobatic-gymnastics
#12
Yaiza Taboada-Iglesias, Mercedes Vernetta Santana, Águeda Gutiérrez-Sánchez
There is a specific anthropometric profile for each sport, which may be differentiated even in relation to the position, role or event category within each sport discipline. However, there are few studies on acrobatic gymnastics, and the goal of this work was to determine the anthropometric profile depending on the event category, as well as factors that predisposed to performance in these categories. The sample consisted of 150 gymnasts from Spain, divided into 8 groups according to the event category and the role played...
June 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713078/-the-influence-of-pain-aliments-and-vertebral-mobility-in-patients-after-whole-body-cryotherapy
#13
Zbigniew Śliwiński, Beata Michalak, Jarosław Pasek, Grzegorz Śliwiński, Sebastian Szajkowski, Aleksander Sieroń
INTRODUCTION: The motive efficiency depends from many factors, in this currently also form the state of health. The change in grounds of vertebral column causing the limitations of mobility and pain can significance worsen the functional state, motive efficiency and quality of patient's life. The leadership of active mode of life complying to recommendations the preventive style of life as well as the using with interventions of physical medicine influences on improvement significance the state of health...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704193/rehabilitation-of-patients-with-hip-joint-arthroplasty-late-post-surgery-period-hospital-rehabilitation
#14
Maya S Krastanova, Elena M Ilieva, Danelina E Vacheva
BACKGROUND: Hip joint replacement (endoprosthesis, alloplasty) has become one of the most frequent surgery interventions of the 20th century. AIM: To conduct rehabilitation therapy in the late post-surgery period of hospital rehabilitation (45 days after surgery), to track patients' progress and measure the results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty-two patients with hip joint endoprosthesis were included in the study. All underwent surgery and rehabilitation at the Department of Clinical Rehabilitation of the Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Clinic at Doctor G...
June 1, 2017: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700510/changes-in-the-muscle-activity-of-gymnasts-during-a-handstand-on-various-apparatus
#15
Andrzej Kochanowicz, Bartłomiej Niespodziński, Michel Marina, Jan Mieszkowski, Kazimierz Kochanowicz, Mariusz Zasada
Gymnasts perform handstands on various apparatus, both in stable and unstable conditions. Such performances require specific muscle activation, which should differ depending on the condition and expertise of the gymnast. Therefore, the aim of the study was to evaluate 1) the difference in electromyography (EMG) between handstands performed on three apparatus (floor, rings and parallel bars); and 2) the difference between young and well-trained adult gymnasts. Ten adult (25 ± 3.94 years) and 15 young (13.9 ± 0...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676748/regularity-of-center-of-pressure-trajectories-in-expert-gymnasts-during-bipedal-closed-eyes-quiet-standing
#16
Brice Isableu, Petra Hlavackova, Bruno Diot, Nicolas Vuillerme
We compared postural control of expert gymnasts (G) to that of non-gymnasts (NG) during bipedal closed-eyes quiet standing using conventional and nonlinear dynamical measures of center of foot pressure (COP) trajectories. Earlier findings based on COP classical variables showed that gymnasts exhibited a better control of postural balance but only in demanding stances. We examined whether the effect of expertise in Gymnastic can be uncovered in less demanding stances, from the analysis of the dynamic patterns of COP trajectories...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662110/back-pain-in-elite-sports-a-cross-sectional-study-on-1114-athletes
#17
Daniela Fett, Katharina Trompeter, Petra Platen
OBJECTIVES: To establish the prevalence of back pain in German elite athletes; examine the influence of age, sex, sports discipline and training volume; and compare elite athletes with a physically active control group. METHODS: A standardized and validated online back pain questionnaire was sent by the German Olympic Sports Confederation to approximately 4,000 German national and international elite athletes, and a control group of 253 physically active but non-elite sports students...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661717/structural-strength-benefits-observed-at-the-hip-of-premenarcheal-gymnasts-are-maintained-into-young-adulthood-10-years-after-retirement-from-the-sport
#18
Marta Erlandson, Shonah B Runalls, Stefan A Jackowski, Robert A Faulkner, Adam D G Baxter-Jones
PURPOSE: Premenarcheal female gymnasts have been consistently found to have greater bone mass and structural advantages. However, little is known about whether these structural advantages are maintained after the loading stimulus is removed. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate structural properties at the hip after long term retirement from gymnastics. METHODS: Structural properties were derived from Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry scans using the hip structural analysis program for the same 24 gymnasts and 21 non-gymnasts both in adolescence (8-15 yrs) and adulthood (22-30 yrs)...
June 29, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622087/body-physique-and-proportionality-of-brazilian-female-artistic-gymnasts
#19
Sarita Bacciotti, Adam Baxter-Jones, Adroaldo Gaya, José Maia
This study aimed to identify physique characteristics (anthropometry, somatotype, body proportionality) of Brazilian female artistic gymnasts, and to compare them across competitive levels (sub-elite versus non-elite) within competitive age-categories. Two hundred forty-nine female gymnasts (68 sub-elite; 181 non-elite) from 26 Brazilian gymnastics clubs, aged 9-20 years and split into four age-categories, were sampled. Gymnasts were assessed for 16 anthropometric traits (height, weight, lengths, widths, girths, and skinfolds); somatotype was determined according to Heath-Carter method, body fat was estimated by bioimpedance, and proportionality was computed based on the z-phantom strategy...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594515/cervical-spine-injuries-in-the-athlete
#20
Gregory D Schroeder, Alexander R Vaccaro
Cervical spine injuries are common and range from relatively minor injuries, such as cervical muscle strains, to severe, life-threatening cervical fractures with spinal cord injuries. Although cervical spine injuries are most common in athletes who participate in contact and collision sports, such as rugby and American football, they also have been reported in athletes who participate in noncontact sports, such as baseball, gymnastics, and diving. Cervical spine injuries in athletes are not necessarily the result of substantial spine trauma; some athletes have chronic conditions, such as congenital stenosis, that increase their risk for a serious cervical spine injury after even minor trauma...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
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