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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061756/a-novel-method-to-promote-physical-activity-among-older-adults-in-residential-care-an-exploratory-field-study-on-implicit-social-norms
#1
Margot A Koeneman, Astrid Chorus, Marijke Hopman-Rock, Mai J M Chinapaw
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) levels of older adults living in a care setting are known to be very low. This is a significant health(care) problem, as regular PA has many health benefits also at advanced age. Research on automatic processes underlying PA behaviour in physically inactive older adults is yet non-existing. Since people are unconsciously influenced by people around them (i.e. by 'social norms') automatic processes could be used to promote PA. We developed an explorative intervention method to assess the effects of automatically processed (implicit) descriptive social norms ('What most people do') on behavioral intention and participation in PA offered in a local residential care setting...
January 6, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038316/association-of-the-female-athlete-triad-risk-assessment-stratification-to-the-development-of-bone-stress-injuries-in-collegiate-athletes
#2
Adam S Tenforde, Jennifer L Carlson, Audrey Chang, Kristin L Sainani, Rebecca Shultz, Jae Hyung Kim, Phil Cutti, Neville H Golden, Michael Fredericson
BACKGROUND: The female athlete triad (referred to as the triad) contributes to adverse health outcomes, including bone stress injuries (BSIs), in female athletes. Guidelines were published in 2014 for clinical management of athletes affected by the triad. PURPOSE: This study aimed to (1) classify athletes from a collegiate population of 16 sports into low-, moderate-, and high-risk categories using the Female Athlete Triad Cumulative Risk Assessment score and (2) evaluate the predictive value of the risk categories for subsequent BSIs...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999723/measuring-sport-specific-physical-abilities-in-male-gymnasts-the-men-s-gymnastics-functional-measurement-tool
#3
Mark D Sleeper, Lisa K Kenyon, James M Elliott, M Samuel Cheng
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of various field-tests for many competitive sports, a reliable and valid test specifically developed for use in men's gymnastics has not yet been developed. The Men's Gymnastics Functional Measurement Tool (MGFMT) was designed to assess sport-specific physical abilities in male competitive gymnasts. The purpose of this study was to develop the MGFMT by establishing a scoring system for individual test items and to initiate the process of establishing test-retest reliability and construct validity...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996092/maxillofacial-injuries-among-national-collegiate-athletic-association-ncaa-athletes-2004-to-2014
#4
Stephen R Chorney, Lindsay Sobin, Parul Goyal, Amar C Suryadevara
OBJECTIVE: Participation in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sports increases annually, yet the risk of maxillofacial injuries among these athletes is unknown. We report the incidence and trends in maxillofacial injuries among NCAA athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of the NCAA Injury Surveillance System (ISS) representing athletes from seven men's and eight women's sports across Divisions 1, 2, and 3. Incidence of maxillofacial injuries by sport, gender, anatomic location, and injuries requiring surgery were measured...
December 20, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965597/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-effects-on-athletes-cognitive-performance-an-exploratory-proof-of-concept-trial
#5
Davimar M M Borducchi, July Silveira Gomes, Henrique Akiba, Quirino Cordeiro, José Henrique M Borducchi, Lívia Stocco Sanches Valentin, Gabrielle M Borducchi, Álvaro Machado Dias
Among the 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games' unforgettable moments, one could not overlook performances by Phelps and Bolt, which challenge old premises about the maximum extension of individual supremacism in ultracompetitive modalities and the doping scandals. Different media channels resonated these two trends, with an unseen rise on discussions about traits and practices that may set ultrahigh performance athletes apart from the more ordinary ones. Yet, some key issues remain undebated. This paper aims to add to this debate, with a proof of concept trial, which investigates whether transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) may serve as an aid for professional athletes...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927900/questions-and-assays
#6
Nancy Kleckner
The Thomas Hunt Morgan Medal is awarded to an individual Genetics Society of America member for lifetime achievement in the field of genetics. It recognizes the full body of work of an exceptional geneticist. The 2016 recipient is Nancy Kleckner, who has made many significant contributions to our understanding of chromosomes and the mechanisms of inheritance. Kleckner has made seminal achievements in several different research areas, including bacterial transposition, chromosome organization, and meiosis. She has repeatedly combined traditional genetic approaches with molecular biology, microscopy, physics, and modeling-unprecedented applications of these methods at the time, but which have now become commonplace...
December 2016: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900290/female-athletes-and-menstrual-disorders-a-pilot-study
#7
Laura Stefani, Giorgio Galanti, Silvia Lorini, Giada Beni, Metella Dei, Nicola Maffulli
BACKGROUND: There is a greater incidence of menstrual disorders in female athletes than in their sedentary counterparts. The menstrual disorder is reported in female athletes suffering from athletic triad syndrome, while few data in those free of this syndrome are available. The study aims to ascertain the presence of menstrual disorders and the eventual relationship with myocardial performance in female athletes practicing different sports. METHODS: A sample of 64 subjects aged 18...
April 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890532/what-governs-successful-performance-of-a-complex-whole-body-movement-the-kovacs-release-regrasp-on-horizontal-bar
#8
Michael J Hiley, Maurice R Yeadon
The Kovacs is a release and regrasp skill performed on the horizontal bar in men׳s artistic gymnastics. It is a popular skill in elite competitive gymnastics with over 40% of male gymnasts performing a variation of the Kovacs at the London 2012 Olympics. In the qualifying competition 84% of Kovacs were successfully regrasped, with the remaining 16% resulting in a fall. The aim of the present study was to determine why some gymnasts are more successful than others at regrasping the bar, with a secondary aim to determine how a less successful gymnast could alter his technique in order to become more successful...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886834/upper-extremity-injuries-in-gymnasts
#9
REVIEW
Megan R Wolf, Daniel Avery, Jennifer Moriatis Wolf
Gymnastics is a unique sport, which loads the wrist and arms as weight-bearing extremities. Because of the load demands on the wrist in particular, stress fractures, physeal injury, and overuse syndromes may be observed. This spectrum of injury has been termed "gymnast's wrist," and incorporates such disorders as wrist capsulitis, ligamentous tears, triangular fibrocartilage complex tears, chondromalacia of the carpus, stress fractures, distal radius physeal arrest, and grip lock injury.
February 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872744/association-between-sports-type-and-overuse-injuries-of-extremities-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Charlène Chéron, Christine Le Scanff, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Sporting activities can cause injuries and overuse injuries of the extremities (OIE) in children have been shown to be more common than injuries caused by trauma. The lower extremity is more frequently affected than the upper extremity in OIE, but it is not known whether injury site and diagnosis vary in different sporting activities. PURPOSE: To identify any differences between sports in relation to diagnoses and anatomical areas most likely to be injured...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863284/landing-from-different-heights-biomechanical-and-neuromuscular-strategies-in-trained-gymnasts-and-untrained-prepubescent-girls
#11
Α Christoforidou, D A Patikas, E Bassa, I Paraschos, S Lazaridis, C Christoforidis, C Kotzamanidis
The purpose of this study was to examine the biomechanics of the lower limb, during landing in female prepubertal gymnasts and prepubertal untrained girls, aged 9-12years. Ten healthy participants were included in each group and performed five landings from 20, 40, and 60cm. Kinematics, ground reaction forces (GRF) and electromyogram (EMG) from the lateral gastrocnemius, tibialis anterior, and vastus lateralis are presented. Gymnasts had higher vertical GRF and shorter braking phase during landing. Compared to untrained girls, gymnasts exhibited for all examined drop heights more knee flexion before and at ground contact, but less knee flexion at maximum knee flexion position...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858240/return-of-motor-evoked-potentials-after-knee-flexion-in-the-setting-of-high-grade-spondylolisthesis
#12
Justin Tilan, Lindsay M Andras, Mark D Krieger, David L Skaggs
PURPOSE: To present a case of loss of motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) to the left foot in the supine position after a partial reduction and instrumented fusion from L4 to pelvis which was managed successfully without revision or removal of implants. METHODS: We report a patient with high-grade spondylolisthesis who demonstrated loss of motor-evoked potentials after posterior spinal fusion and transfer to supine position. The patient's knees were flexed to 90° and signals were immediately restored...
November 17, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857047/evaluation-of-rheological-parameters-of-the-axial-system-using-the-transfer-vibration-through-spine-tvs-method
#13
Sarka Panska, Tereza Piglova, Josef Zeman, Frantisek Marsik, Frantisek Lopot, Karel Jelen
OBJECTIVE: The human motion system reacts to both hypo and hyperactivity loads by changes to the rheological properties of tissues. This study deals with changes to the axial system (AS) compartment. Using the appropriate methodologies and mathematical-physical methods, these changes can be identified and quantified. METHODS: This study describes the noninvasive TVS (Transfer Vibration through Spine) method, which was applied to assess the AS selected mechanical properties in various modes...
September 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837042/gaze-shift-patterns-during-a-jump-with-full-turn-in-male-gymnasts
#14
Yusuke Sato, Shuko Torii, Masaharu Sasaki, Thomas Heinen
When airborne, gymnasts skillfully control their movements to achieve a successful landing. Utilizing visual information from task-specific eye-body coordination patterns (i.e., visual spotting) is thought to be important for gymnasts in the performance of aerial skills. The purpose of this study was to assess the interplay of eye movements and body movements in an aerial skill with a rotation about the longitudinal axis, namely a straight jump with full turn. Participants were 10 skilled male gymnasts (age [M ± SD], 23...
November 11, 2016: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821102/the-osteoporotic-fracture-prevention-program-in-rural-areas-ofra-a-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-health-care-fund-driven-intervention-in-a-routine-health-care-setting
#15
Kilian Rapp, Karin Kampe, Patrick Roigk, Hella Kircheisen, Clemens Becker, Ivonne Lindlbauer, Hans-Helmut König, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Gisela Büchele
BACKGROUND: Fragility fractures are one of the leading causes for disability in old people. The main underlying mechanisms are osteoporosis and falls. Evidence-based measures to prevent either falls or fractures are available. However, coordinated preventive approaches combining bone health and fall prevention are rare. The objective of the study is to evaluate a health care fund driven program, which encourages insured persons to adhere to national guidelines regarding bone health and physical activity and falls prevention...
November 8, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814866/comparison-of-the-effect-of-different-modalities-of-physical-exercise-on-functionality-and-anthropometric-measurements-in-community-dwelling-older-women
#16
Ana Paula Sena Lomba Vasconcelos, Diogo Correia Cardozo, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Giancarlo Lucchetti
The present study aims to assess the effect of different modalities of physical exercises ("Functional Gymnastics"-FG, "Resistance Training"-RT and "Pilates combined with Hydrogymnastics"-PCH) on functional capacity and anthropometric measurements of 148 older women (60 years old or more). A comparative observational study was conducted. Functional and anthropometric measurements were assessed at baseline and after 16 weeks. All groups assessed showed significant changes between baseline and post-training. On the comparison of pre and post-training, differences in anthropometric measurements but not in functional test performance were found...
October 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802962/incidence-and-epidemiology-of-foot-and-ankle-injuries-in-elite-collegiate-athletes
#17
Kenneth J Hunt, Daniel Hurwit, Kevin Robell, Corey Gatewood, Itamar B Botser, Gordon Matheson
BACKGROUND: Foot and ankle injuries are increasing in competitive professional and collegiate athletics. Many of these injuries result in considerable missed time from sports and often require surgical intervention. To develop and implement effective practice participation strategies, return-to-play protocols, and injury prevention programs, an understanding of injury trends and epidemiology is vital. PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the incidence of foot and ankle injuries in elite athletes participating in 37 sports at a single National Collegiate Athletics Association (NCAA) Division 1 institution...
November 1, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777158/cyclic-sciatica-and-back-pain-responds-to-treatment-of-underlying-endometriosis-case-illustration
#18
Jaya Uppal, Stanislaw Sobotka, Arthur L Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Multiple causes outside the spine can mimic spinal back pain. Endometriosis is an important gynecological disorder, which commonly affects the lower region of the female pelvis and less frequently the spine and soft tissues. The lumbosacral trunk is vulnerable to pressure from any abdominal mass originating from the uterus and the ovaries. Therefore symptoms of endometriosis include severe reoccurring pain in the pelvic area as well as lower back and abdominal pain. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report on a 39 year old gymnast with cyclic sciatica and back pain, whose initial presentation initially led to a spinal fusion at L4/5 and L5/S1, but that procedure did not change her symptoms...
October 21, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752994/rodent-gymnastics-neurobehavioral-assays-in-ischemic-stroke
#19
Sreekala S Nampoothiri, Tanvi Potluri, Harshith Subramanian, Rajanikant G Krishnamurthy
Despite years of research, most preclinical trials on ischemic stroke have remained unsuccessful owing to poor methodological and statistical standards leading to "translational roadblocks." Various behavioral tests have been established to evaluate traits such as sensorimotor function, cognitive and social interactions, and anxiety-like and depression-like behavior. A test's validity is of cardinal importance as it influences the chance of a successful translation of preclinical results to clinical settings...
October 17, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726752/imaging-the-injured-pediatric-athlete-upper-extremity
#20
Jorge Delgado, Diego Jaramillo, Nancy A Chauvin
Increased physical activity in childhood has resulted in a large number of sports-related injuries. Although there is overlap between the sports-related injuries seen in pediatric and adult patients, important differences exist in the injury patterns of pediatric patients. These differences are related to the continuous changes in the developing skeleton and its relationship with adjacent soft tissues. The imbalance in strength between the growing bones and the nearby tendons and ligaments makes the bones prone to acute and chronic injuries...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
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