keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Artistic gymnastics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622087/body-physique-and-proportionality-of-brazilian-female-artistic-gymnasts
#1
Sarita Bacciotti, Adam Baxter-Jones, Adroaldo Gaya, José Maia
This study aimed to identify physique characteristics (anthropometry, somatotype, body proportionality) of Brazilian female artistic gymnasts, and to compare them across competitive levels (sub-elite versus non-elite) within competitive age-categories. Two hundred forty-nine female gymnasts (68 sub-elite; 181 non-elite) from 26 Brazilian gymnastics clubs, aged 9-20 years and split into four age-categories, were sampled. Gymnasts were assessed for 16 anthropometric traits (height, weight, lengths, widths, girths, and skinfolds); somatotype was determined according to Heath-Carter method, body fat was estimated by bioimpedance, and proportionality was computed based on the z-phantom strategy...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589135/effect-of-lower-and-upper-body-high-intensity-training-on-genes-associated-with-cellular-stress-response
#2
Małgorzata Żychowska, Andrzej Kochanowicz, Kazimierz Kochanowicz, Jan Mieszkowski, Bartłomiej Niespodziński, Stanisław Sawczyn
This study aimed to compare the effect of upper and lower body high intensity exercise (HIE) on select gene expression in athletes. Fourteen elite male artistic gymnasts (age 20.9 ± 2.6 years; weight 68.6 ± 7.2 kg; fat free mass 63.6 ± 6.7 kg; height 1.70 ± 0.04 m) performed lower and upper body 30 s Wingate Tests (WAnTs) before and after eight weeks of specific HIIT. Two milliliters of blood was collected before and after (5, 30 min, resp.) lower and upper body WAnTs, and select gene expression was determined by PCR...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493064/evidence-based-prerequisites-and-precursors-of-athletic-talent-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Vladimir B Issurin
Extensive findings related to nature and nurture in determining athletic talent (AT) have been reviewed. Available data demonstrate the important contribution of hereditary factors as well as the crucial importance of environmental prerequisites for identifying and developing AT. Recent publications provide examples of contemporary approaches intended to solve the problem of how to discover and nurture AT. A number of cross-sectional and longitudinal studies highlighted possibilities of revealing a predisposition to certain sports among youthful prospects, but were unable to predict attainment of world-class status...
May 11, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474866/the-effects-of-gymnastics-training-on-selected-parameters-of-anaerobic-capacity-in-12-year-old-boys
#4
Piotr Sawicki, Marcin Dornowski, Tomasz Grzywacz, Jan J Kaczor
BACKGROUND: One of the aims of the study was to describe the physiological factors of young boys participating in artistic gymnastic training and evaluate differences between the levels of aerobic and anaerobic efficiency in this group as compared to the control group. METHODS: The young male gymnasts selected to participate in the present study have been (G) participating in the training process since they were six years old (n=12, age 11-12 y). In the control group (n=12, age 11-12 y), boys were participating in physical education classes (C)...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198603/training-intensity-and-sagittal-curvature-of-the-spine-in-male-and-female-artistic-gymnasts
#5
Jose M Sanz-Mengibar, Pilar Sainz-DE-Baranda, Fernando Santonja-Medina
BACKGROUND: Specific adaptations of the spine in the sagittal plane have been described according to different sports disciplines. The goal of this study was to describe the integrative diagnosis of the sagittal morphotype of the spine in male and female artistic gymnasts. METHODS: 48 gymnasts were measured with an inclinometer. Thoracic and Lumbar curves were quantified in standing position, in Sit and Reach and Slump Sitting in order to assess the sagittal spine posture and analyze if adaptations were related to training intensity...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149388/an-investigation-into-the-relationship-between-pre-competition-mood-states-age-gender-and-a-national-ranking-in-artistic-gymnastics
#6
Dóra Boldizsár, István Soós, Ian Whyte, Pál Hamar
This study investigated the relationship between pre-competition mood state factors in gymnastics by gender, age and a national ranking. Participant-gymnasts (total n=116, male n=49, female n=67) completed a Brunel Mood Scale (BRUMS) one day prior to their main competition of the year. Information was also gathered from gymnasts of gender, age and a national ranking. Consistent with theoretical predictions, results confirmed that a number of pre-competition mood states differed by age with both juniors and seniors having a higher level of anger than children (p<...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141870/cellular-stress-response-gene-expression-during-upper-and-lower-body-high-intensity-exercises
#7
Andrzej Kochanowicz, Stanisław Sawczyn, Bartłomiej Niespodziński, Jan Mieszkowski, Kazimierz Kochanowicz, Małgorzata Żychowska
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to compare the effect of upper and lower body high-intensity exercise on chosen genes expression in athletes and non-athletes. METHOD: Fourteen elite male artistic gymnasts (EAG) aged 20.6 ± 3.3 years and 14 physically active men (PAM) aged 19.9 ± 1.0 years performed lower and upper body 30 s Wingate Tests. Blood samples were collected before, 5 and 30 minutes after each effort to assess gene expression via PCR. RESULTS: Significantly higher mechanical parameters after lower body exercise was observed in both groups, for relative power (8...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890532/what-governs-successful-performance-of-a-complex-whole-body-movement-the-kovacs-release-regrasp-on-horizontal-bar
#8
Michael J Hiley, Maurice R Yeadon
The Kovacs is a release and regrasp skill performed on the horizontal bar in men׳s artistic gymnastics. It is a popular skill in elite competitive gymnastics with over 40% of male gymnasts performing a variation of the Kovacs at the London 2012 Olympics. In the qualifying competition 84% of Kovacs were successfully regrasped, with the remaining 16% resulting in a fall. The aim of the present study was to determine why some gymnasts are more successful than others at regrasping the bar, with a secondary aim to determine how a less successful gymnast could alter his technique in order to become more successful...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690759/body-dissatisfaction-in-women-s-artistic-gymnastics-a-longitudinal-study-of-psychosocial-indicators
#9
Clara Mockdece Neves, Juliana Fernandes Filgueiras Meireles, Pedro Henrique Berbert de Carvalho, Astrid Schubring, Natalie Barker-Ruchti, Maria Elisa Caputo Ferreira
Body dissatisfaction is prevalent in women's artistic gymnastics (WAG). Cross-sectional research points to social and individual risk factors, however it does not account for potential changes in body dissatisfaction during an athletic season. This study aimed to determine how gymnasts' body dissatisfaction, risk factors for eating disorders, media internalisation, perfectionism and mood state change during pre-competition, competition and post-competition seasons and to identify how these psychosocial indicators impact on body dissatisfaction during the athletic year...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458406/-it-s-always-the-judge-s-fault-attention-emotion-recognition-and-expertise-in-rhythmic-gymnastics-assessment
#10
Lindsey G van Bokhorst, Lenka Knapová, Kim Majoranc, Zea K Szebeni, Adam Táborský, Dragana Tomić, Elena Cañadas
In many sports, such as figure skating or gymnastics, the outcome of a performance does not rely exclusively on objective measurements, but on more subjective cues. Judges need high attentional capacities to process visual information and overcome fatigue. Also their emotion recognition abilities might have an effect in detecting errors and making a more accurate assessment. Moreover, the scoring given by judges could be also influenced by their level of expertise. This study aims to assess how rhythmic gymnastics judges' emotion recognition and attentional abilities influence accuracy of performance assessment...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27361555/anxiety-state-in-study-with-artistic-gymnastics-athletes-2986-board-51-june-3-2-00-pm-3-30-pm
#11
Mayra Grava DE Moraes, Carlos Eduardo Lopes Verardi, Gleyce Soares Dos Reis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27267568/predictive-models-reduce-talent-development-costs-in-female-gymnastics
#12
Johan Pion, Andreas Hohmann, Tianbiao Liu, Matthieu Lenoir, Veerle Segers
This retrospective study focuses on the comparison of different predictive models based on the results of a talent identification test battery for female gymnasts. We studied to what extent these models have the potential to optimise selection procedures, and at the same time reduce talent development costs in female artistic gymnastics. The dropout rate of 243 female elite gymnasts was investigated, 5 years past talent selection, using linear (discriminant analysis) and non-linear predictive models (Kohonen feature maps and multilayer perceptron)...
April 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27029958/athletes-perception-of-the-causes-of-injury-in-gymnastics
#13
Edvard Kolar, Mitija S Pavletič, Maja Smrdu, Almir Atiković
BACKGROUND: Gymnastics requires a high level of flexibility, conditioning and complete body recruitment that is infrequently matched by other sports. Artistic gymnastics has a relatively high incidence of injuries, which are generally of minor or medium severity. With all its complexity, it poses a unique diagnostic and treatment challenge to medical practitioners. The present study examined athletes' perception of the causes of injury and of the possible ways to reduce their incidence...
May 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26873303/do-accelerometers-mounted-on-the-back-provide-a-good-estimate-of-impact-loads-in-jumping-and-landing-tasks
#14
Chantal Simons, Elizabeth J Bradshaw
Artistic gymnasts are frequently exposed to both low- and high-magnitude loads through impacts with the apparatus. These impact loads are thought to be associated with the high injury rates observed in gymnastics. Due to the variable apparatus and surfaces in gymnastics, impact loads during training are difficult to quantify. This study aimed to use triaxial accelerometers mounted on the back to assess impact loading during jumping and landing tasks. Twelve participants were fitted with an accelerometer on their upper and lower back, before performing a continuous hopping task, as well as drop landings and rebound jumps from various heights (37...
2016: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26685881/high-frequency-video-capture-and-a-computer-program-with-frame-by-frame-angle-determination-functionality-as-tools-that-support-judging-in-artistic-gymnastics
#15
Jarosław Omorczyk, Leszek Nosiadek, Tadeusz Ambroży, Andrzej Nosiadek
PURPOSE: The main aim of this study was to verify the usefulness of selected simple methods of recording and fast biomechanical analysis performed by judges of artistic gymnastics in assessing a gymnast's movement technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study participants comprised six artistic gymnastics judges, who assessed back handsprings using two methods: a real-time observation method and a frame-by-frame video analysis method. They also determined flexion angles of knee and hip joints using the computer program...
2015: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26614979/conditioning-methodologies-for-dancesport-lessons-from-gymnastics-figure-skating-and-concert-dance-research
#16
David Outevsky, Blake Cw Martin
OBJECTIVES: Dancesport, the competitive branch of ballroom dancing, places high physiological and psychological demands on its practitioners, but pedagogical resources in these areas for this dance form are limited. Dancesport competitors could benefit from strategies used in other aesthetic sports. In this review, we identify conditioning methodologies from gymnastics, figure skating, and contemporary, modern, and ballet dance forms that could have relevance and suitability for dancesport training, and propose several strategies for inclusion in the current dancesport curriculum...
December 2015: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26369504/urinary-incontinence-and-other-pelvic-floor-dysfunctions-in-female-athletes-in-brazil-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
M B A Almeida, A A Barra, F Saltiel, A L Silva-Filho, A M R M Fonseca, E M Figueiredo
The pelvic floor (PF) provides support to all pelvic organs, as well as appropriately closure/opening mechanism of the urethra, vagina, and anus. Therefore, it is likely that female athletes involved in high-impact and in strong-effort activities are at risk for the occurrence of urinary incontinence (UI). This study aimed to investigate the occurrence of UI and other PF dysfunctions (PFD) [anal incontinence (AI), symptoms of constipation, dyspareunia, vaginal laxity, and pelvic organ prolapse] in 67 amateur athletes (AT) compared with a group 96 of nonathletes (NAT)...
September 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25895434/greater-lower-limb-flexion-in-gymnastic-landings-is-associated-with-reduced-landing-force-a-repeated-measures-study
#18
Allana Slater, Amity Campbell, Anne Smith, Leon Straker
High impact forces during gymnastic landings are thought to contribute to the high rate of injuries. Lower limb joint flexion is currently limited within gymnastic rules, yet might be an avenue for reduced force absorption. This study investigated whether lower limb flexion during three gymnastic landings was related to force. Differences between landings were also explored. Twenty-one elite women's artistic gymnasts performed three common gymnastic techniques: drop landing (DL), front and back somersaults...
March 2015: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25535529/fundamental-movement-skills-development-under-the-influence-of-a-gymnastics-program-and-everyday-physical-activity-in-seven-year-old-children
#19
Zoran Culjak, Durdica Miletic, Suncica Delas Kalinski, Ana Kezic, Frane Zuvela
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were: a) to examine the influence of an 18-week basic artistic gymnastics program on fundamental movement skills (FMS) development in seven-year-old children; b) to determine correlations between children's daily activities and successful performance of FMS and basic artistic gymnastics skills. METHODS: Seventy five first grade primary school children took part in this study. A physical education teacher specialized in artistic gymnastics conducted a gymnastics program for 18 weeks, three times a week...
April 2014: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25350026/acute-effect-of-different-stretching-methods-on-flexibility-and-jumping-performance-in-competitive-artistic-gymnasts
#20
G Dallas, A Smirniotou, G Tsiganos, D Tsopani, A Di Cagno, Ch Tsolakis
AIM: The purpose of this study was to investigate the acute effects of 3 different warm up methods of stretching (static, proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation, and stretching exercises on a Vibration platform) on flexibility and legs power-jumping performance in competitive artistic gymnasts. METHODS: Eighteen competitive artistic gymnasts were recruited to participate in this study. Subjects were exposed to each of 3 experimental stretching conditions: static stretching (SS), proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching (PNF), and stretching exercises on a Vibration platform (S+V)...
December 2014: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
keyword
keyword
41984
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"