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Pregnant athlete

K Warnke, J Paul
There is an ongoing discussion in the media about the Zika virus and the question of whether or not athletes and visitors will be at risk of an infection during the Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro in 2016. According to an assessment published on 31 May 2016 by the IOC and the WHO, participants and visitors have no reason to panic. However, increasing public pressure has caused the WHO to re-evaluate the current situation, and further recommendations will likely be given before the Olympic Games start. The current facts are as follows: 1) The Olympic Summer Games will be held during the winter months in Brazil, when the appearance of mosquitoes is expected to be low...
August 2016: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
Ardath Grills, Stephanie Morrison, Bradley Nelson, Jennifer Miniota, Alexander Watts, Martin S Cetron
Zika virus belongs to the genus Flavivirus of the family Flaviviridae; it is transmitted to humans primarily through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito (e.g., Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus) (1). Zika virus has been identified as a cause of congenital microcephaly and other serious brain defects (2). As of June 30, 2016, CDC had issued travel notices for 49 countries and U.S. territories across much of the Western hemisphere (3), including Brazil, where the 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games (Games of the XXXI Olympiad, also known as Rio 2016; Games) will be hosted in Rio de Janeiro in August and September 2016...
2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Beatriz Martínez-Pascual, Sara Alvarez-Harris, César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, Domingo Palacios-Ceña
Pregnancy and motherhood have been historically considered as reasons why elite sportswomen may end their sport careers. During pregnancy the safety of both mother and baby has been identified as a key reason for ceasing sport participation. Recent "official" statistics on how many elite athletes are mothers suggest that pregnancy, motherhood and sport could be no longer mutually exclusive. The aim of this qualitative phenomenological study was to describe the lived pregnancy of Spanish elite sportswomen. Spanish elite sportswomen (n = 20) aged between 18 and 65 years that had been pregnant during their sporting professional career and after the end of their pregnancy had taken up again their professional sporting career for at least one year were included...
June 20, 2016: Women & Health
Kari Bø, Raul Artal, Ruben Barakat, Wendy Brown, Gregory A L Davies, Michael Dooley, Kelly R Evenson, Lene A H Haakstad, Karin Henriksson-Larsen, Bengt Kayser, Tarja I Kinnunen, Michelle F Mottola, Ingrid Nygaard, Mireille van Poppel, Britt Stuge, Karim M Khan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Ainslie K Kehler, Katie M Heinrich
BACKGROUND: Traditional society values have long-held the notion that the pregnant woman is construed as a risk to her growing fetus and is solely responsible for controlling this risk to ensure a healthy pregnancy. It is hard to ignore the participation of pregnant women in sport and exercise today, especially in high-level sports and popular fitness programs such as CrossFit™. This challenges both traditional and modern prenatal exercise guidelines from health care professionals and governing health agencies...
December 2015: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Ashley L Franklin, Joanna Mishtal, Teresa Johnson, Judith S Simms-Cendan
INTRODUCTION: The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends moderate intensity exercise for healthy, pregnant women and recognizes the potential for pregnant athletes to exercise at higher intensities with medical guidance. This study examines rowers' perceptions about competitive exercise during pregnancy as well as their training and competition patterns during childbearing years. METHODS: Between June and December 2013, 224 U.S. Masters rowers completed a 122-item survey examining perceptions about exercise during pregnancy...
May 2015: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Mohammad Hossein Rouhani, Leila Azadbakht
BACKGROUND: Fasting during Ramadan is an Islamic rule. Although previous review studies have assessed the impact of Ramadan on cardiovascular risk factors, athlete performance, diabetes and transplantation, in this study we have appraised some on these reviews by focusing on limitations and also, we have reviewed more recently published study and several recent studies, which are not reviewed till now. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this article, we reviewed recently conducted studies in regarding the impact of Ramadan fasting on weight, lipid profile, diabetes, immune system and gestation...
October 2014: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Josef van Helden, Ralf Weiskirchen
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that the measurement of vitamin D and its derivatives, especially its active metabolite 1α, 25-dihydroxy-vitamin D [1,25(OH)2D], is highly complex and prone to analytical error. We have evaluated a new immunological method for detecting and quantifying of 1,25(OH)2D. This assay is fully automated, sensitive and uses a specific recombinant fusion protein for capturing of 1,25(OH)2D. The assay was originally developed by DiaSorin for the immunoassay analyzer LIAISON XL...
April 2015: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
Simony Lira do Nascimento, Ana Carolina Godoy, Fernanda Garanhani Surita, João Luiz Pinto e Silva
Physical exercise is recommended for all healthy pregnant women. Regular practice of exercises during pregnancy can provide many physical and psychological benefits, with no evidence of adverse outcomes for the fetus or the newborn when exercise is performed at mild to moderate intensity. However, few pregnant women engage in this practice and many still have fears and doubts about the safety of exercise. The objective of the present study was to inform the professionals who provide care for Brazilian pregnant women about the current recommendations regarding physical exercise during pregnancy based on the best scientific evidence available...
September 2014: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Ewa Nowalany-Kozielska
Imaging studies play a very important role in the diagnosis of cardiac arrhythmias. They are able to answer many questions relating to the diagnosis and treatment of patients. Not all types of arrhythmias require you to perform imaging studies. Diagnosis require above all: ventricular tachycardia and supraventricular tachycardia, ventricular extrasystoles requiring treatment, atrialfibrillation, individuals who are at genetically diseases leading to severe arrhythmia, patients before ablation procedures and cardioversion, arrhythmias in athletes and people performing specific professions (eg pilots)...
2014: Przegla̧d Lekarski
Florian Ebner, Achim Wöckel, Wolfgang Janni, Helen Paterson
OBJECTIVE: There is little medical knowledge about the risks of skydiving during pregnancy. Some national parachuting associations ask for a doctor's permission; others recommend not jumping at all during pregnancy. This article provides survey data and a literature review of pregnancy and parachuting/skydiving related issues to help the pregnant skydiver and her obstetrician make an informed decision. Survey data presented include pregnancy, delivery, and parachuting information from skydivers who jumped during pregnancy...
November 2014: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Lygeri Dimitriou, Richard Weiler, Rebecca Lloyd-Smith, Antony Turner, Luke Heath, Nic James, Anna Reid
OBJECTIVE: To determine bone mineral density (BMD) and the associations among BMD, menstrual history, disordered eating (DE), training history, intentional weight loss (IWL) and rib pain for the first time in female lightweight rowers. SETTING: 9 lightweight rowing clubs, UK. PARTICIPANTS: 29 Caucasian female lightweight rowers volunteered. 21 (12 active, 9 retired) completed the study. INCLUSION CRITERIA: female lightweight rowers aged over 18 years...
2014: BMJ Open
Beatriz Martinez-Pascual, Sara Alvarez-Harris, César Fernández-De-Las-Peñas, Domingo Palacios-Ceña
The aim of this qualitative phenomenological study was to describe the experiences of maternity among Spanish elite sportswomen. Twenty (n = 20) Spanish elite sportswomen with the following criteria were included: (a) aged 18-65 years; (b) had been pregnant during their sporting professional career; and (c) after the end of their pregnancy they had returned to their professional sporting career for at least one year. A qualitative analysis was conducted. Data were collected using in-depth personal interviews, investigator's field notes, and extracts from the participants' personal letters...
2014: Women & Health
Andreu Fabregat, Josep Marcos, Lorena Garrostas, Jordi Segura, Oscar J Pozo, Rosa Ventura
Alterations in the maternal excretion of steroids during pregnancy are not restricted to the production of progesterone and estriol by the fetoplacental unit. Although there is a lack of longitudinal data on urinary androgen concentrations during pregnancy, some studies revealed that modifications in the excretions of androgens might be significant. Recently, several testosterone metabolites excreted as cysteine conjugates have been reported in human urine. We conducted a longitudinal study on androgens conjugated with cysteine and major androgens and estrogens excreted as glucuronides in three pregnant women by mass spectrometric techniques...
January 2014: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Jennifer Moriatis Wolf, Kenneth L Cameron, Kari B Clifton, Brett D Owens
Relaxin was originally described as a reproductive hormone that mediated joint laxity in pregnant women and has been minimally studied in men. The purpose of this descriptive laboratory and clinical study was to evaluate serum relaxin in a young, primarily male population and compare levels between the sexes. In addition, the authors evaluated the relationship between relaxin and generalized laxity.
February 2013: Orthopedics
Kevin D Goodman, Harsh P Sule
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous iliac artery dissection is a rare clinical entity, reported previously in pregnant patients in association with collagen vascular disease, and in cases of high-energy trauma or intensive activity in athletes. OBJECTIVE: To alert clinicians to the incidence of spontaneous iliac artery dissection in the absence of any risk factors. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 45-year-old man brought into the Emergency Department with severe lower abdominal pain...
April 2013: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Linda M Szymanski, Andrew J Satin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate fetal responses to strenuous exercise in physically active and inactive women. STUDY DESIGN: Forty-five healthy women (15 who were nonexercisers, 15 who were regularly active, 15 who were highly active) underwent a peak treadmill test at 28 weeks' gestation to 32 weeks 6 days' gestation. Fetal well-being (umbilical artery Doppler indices, fetal heart tracing/rate, biophysical profile [BPP]) was evaluated before and after exercise...
September 2012: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Karel Jelen, Katerina Klouckova, Josef Zeman, Petr Kubovy, Ondrej Fanta
OBJECTIVES: During a longer car drive there are changes in rheological properties of driver's or passenger's connective tissues taking place as a consequence of monotonous and vibration load. These changes show more among the pregnant drivers, whose motion system is under heavier demands due to pregnancy. To asses these changes we have used the TVS (transfer vibration through the spine) method. METHODS: The TVS is based on application of γ excitation pulses with half-length 5 ms and then harmonic excitation continuously periodically changing from 5 Hz to 160 Hz on C7 and L5 vertebrae...
2012: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
Sarah L Ralston, Anne Molnar
In 1999, the Young Horse Teaching and Research Program (YHTRP) was initiated at Rutgers University. The unique aspect of the program was using horses generally considered "at risk" and in need of rescue, but of relatively low value. The risks of using horses from pregnant mare urine (PMU) ranches and Bureau of Land Management (BLM) mustangs were high, but, ultimately, unrealized. No students or staff members were seriously injured over the course of the next 12 yr, and the horses were sold annually as highly desirable potential athletes or pleasure horses, usually at a profit...
December 2012: Journal of Animal Science
John Dunn, Christina Dunn, Rohan Habbu, Donald Bohay, John Anderson
OBJECTIVE: Endocrine changes occurring during pregnancy result in increased laxity of the ligaments of the foot. This may lead to gradual collapse of the foot arches. The aim of the study was to determine whether pregnancy and body mass index (BMI) had a role in affecting the foot arches at long term. METHODS: A collapsed arch results in widening of the feet, thus altering the foot size. The control group included nulliparous women, while the study group included women who had been pregnant at least once...
May 2012: Orthopaedic Surgery
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