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Pregnant athlete

Bruno Paun, Bart Bijnens, Constantine Butakoff
Contemporary imaging modalities offer non-invasive quantification of myocardial deformation; however, they make gross assumptions about internal structure of the cardiac walls. Our aim is to study the possible impact of the trabeculations on the stroke volume, strain and capacity of differently sized ventricles. The cardiac left ventricle is represented by an ellipsoid and the trabeculations by a tissue occupying a fixed volume. The ventricular contraction is modelled by scaling the ellipsoid whereupon the measurements of longitudinal strain, end-diastolic, end-systolic and stroke volume are derived and compared...
November 9, 2017: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
Julie Obenauer, Nicole Rübsamen, Stefanie Castell, Mahrrouz Hoodgarzadeh, Carolina J Klett-Tammen, Rafael T Mikolajczyk, André Karch
Background: Risks associated with Zika virus (ZIKV) transmission in the Americas have been discussed widely in the media as several European athletes declined to participate in the 2016 Summer Olympic Games. Since risk perceptions of individuals in unaffected areas are unknown, we assessed the risk perceptions of ZIKV and related behaviour in Lower Saxony, Germany, with a specific focus on pregnant women and their partners. Methods: In May 2016, we surveyed 1,037 participants aged 15-69 years of an online panel (addressing hygiene and preventive behaviour regarding infections) in Lower Saxony with respect to their risk perceptions related to ZIKV...
July 4, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
Ashley Franklin, Joanna Mishtal, Teresa Johnson, Judith Simms-Cendan
Background The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology notes that pregnant athletes require more supervision due to their involvement in strenuous training schedules throughout pregnancy. Currently, rowing is not mentioned in the guidelines despite its increasing popularity, high cardiovascular demands, and risk for abdominal trauma. Methods This study aimed to elicit information from competitive female rowers regarding exercise, training, and competition during pregnancy. We administered a survey consisting of 122 items to female Masters rowers in the United States, aged 21 to 49 years, from June to December 2013...
August 1, 2017: Curēus
Luigi Rosa, Antimo Cutone, Maria Stefania Lepanto, Rosalba Paesano, Piera Valenti
Human lactoferrin (hLf), an iron-binding multifunctional cationic glycoprotein secreted by exocrine glands and by neutrophils, is a key element of host defenses. HLf and bovine Lf (bLf), possessing high sequence homology and identical functions, inhibit bacterial growth and biofilm dependently from iron binding ability while, independently, bacterial adhesion to and the entry into cells. In infected/inflamed host cells, bLf exerts an anti-inflammatory activity against interleukin-6 (IL-6), thus up-regulating ferroportin (Fpn) and transferrin receptor 1 (TfR1) and down-regulating ferritin (Ftn), pivotal actors of iron and inflammatory homeostasis (IIH)...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Jan Drastig, David Hillebrandt, Werner Rath, Thomas Küpper
Sport climbing is a popular recreational sport with an increasing proportion of female athletes. International recommendations emphasize the physical and mental benefits of regular sport activity during any uncomplicated pregnancy. In this context, sport climbing is associated with a high risk potential.The aim of this study was to examine if there is a higher risk for preterm birth in active climbing athletes.Original manuscript.A retrospective self-report online survey in the German language collected data between September 2012 and November 2013...
February 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
K Warnke, J Paul
There is an ongoing discussion in the media about the Zika virus and the question of whether or not athletes and visitors will be at risk of an infection during the Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro in 2016. According to an assessment published on 31 May 2016 by the IOC and the WHO, participants and visitors have no reason to panic. However, increasing public pressure has caused the WHO to re-evaluate the current situation, and further recommendations will likely be given before the Olympic Games start. The current facts are as follows: 1) The Olympic Summer Games will be held during the winter months in Brazil, when the appearance of mosquitoes is expected to be low...
August 2016: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
Ardath Grills, Stephanie Morrison, Bradley Nelson, Jennifer Miniota, Alexander Watts, Martin S Cetron
Zika virus belongs to the genus Flavivirus of the family Flaviviridae; it is transmitted to humans primarily through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito (e.g., Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus) (1). Zika virus has been identified as a cause of congenital microcephaly and other serious brain defects (2). As of June 30, 2016, CDC had issued travel notices for 49 countries and U.S. territories across much of the Western hemisphere (3), including Brazil, where the 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games (Games of the XXXI Olympiad, also known as Rio 2016; Games) will be hosted in Rio de Janeiro in August and September 2016...
July 22, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Beatriz Martínez-Pascual, Sara Alvarez-Harris, César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, Domingo Palacios-Ceña
Pregnancy and motherhood have been historically considered as reasons why elite sportswomen may end their sport careers. During pregnancy, the safety of both mother and baby has been identified as a key reason for ceasing sport participation. Recent "official" statistics on how many elite athletes are mothers suggest that pregnancy, motherhood, and sport could be no longer mutually exclusive. The aim of this qualitative phenomenological study was to describe the lived pregnancy of Spanish elite sportswomen...
July 2017: Women & Health
Kari Bø, Raul Artal, Ruben Barakat, Wendy Brown, Gregory A L Davies, Michael Dooley, Kelly R Evenson, Lene A H Haakstad, Karin Henriksson-Larsen, Bengt Kayser, Tarja I Kinnunen, Michelle F Mottola, Ingrid Nygaard, Mireille van Poppel, Britt Stuge, Karim M Khan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Ainslie K Kehler, Katie M Heinrich
BACKGROUND: Traditional society values have long-held the notion that the pregnant woman is construed as a risk to her growing fetus and is solely responsible for controlling this risk to ensure a healthy pregnancy. It is hard to ignore the participation of pregnant women in sport and exercise today, especially in high-level sports and popular fitness programs such as CrossFit™. This challenges both traditional and modern prenatal exercise guidelines from health care professionals and governing health agencies...
December 2015: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Ashley L Franklin, Joanna Mishtal, Teresa Johnson, Judith S Simms-Cendan
INTRODUCTION: The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends moderate intensity exercise for healthy, pregnant women and recognizes the potential for pregnant athletes to exercise at higher intensities with medical guidance. This study examines rowers' perceptions about competitive exercise during pregnancy as well as their training and competition patterns during childbearing years. METHODS: Between June and December 2013, 224 U.S. Masters rowers completed a 122-item survey examining perceptions about exercise during pregnancy...
May 2015: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Mohammad Hossein Rouhani, Leila Azadbakht
BACKGROUND: Fasting during Ramadan is an Islamic rule. Although previous review studies have assessed the impact of Ramadan on cardiovascular risk factors, athlete performance, diabetes and transplantation, in this study we have appraised some on these reviews by focusing on limitations and also, we have reviewed more recently published study and several recent studies, which are not reviewed till now. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this article, we reviewed recently conducted studies in regarding the impact of Ramadan fasting on weight, lipid profile, diabetes, immune system and gestation...
October 2014: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Josef van Helden, Ralf Weiskirchen
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that the measurement of vitamin D and its derivatives, especially its active metabolite 1α, 25-dihydroxy-vitamin D [1,25(OH)2D], is highly complex and prone to analytical error. We have evaluated a new immunological method for detecting and quantifying of 1,25(OH)2D. This assay is fully automated, sensitive and uses a specific recombinant fusion protein for capturing of 1,25(OH)2D. The assay was originally developed by DiaSorin for the immunoassay analyzer LIAISON XL...
April 2015: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
Simony Lira do Nascimento, Ana Carolina Godoy, Fernanda Garanhani Surita, João Luiz Pinto e Silva
Physical exercise is recommended for all healthy pregnant women. Regular practice of exercises during pregnancy can provide many physical and psychological benefits, with no evidence of adverse outcomes for the fetus or the newborn when exercise is performed at mild to moderate intensity. However, few pregnant women engage in this practice and many still have fears and doubts about the safety of exercise. The objective of the present study was to inform the professionals who provide care for Brazilian pregnant women about the current recommendations regarding physical exercise during pregnancy based on the best scientific evidence available...
September 2014: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Ewa Nowalany-Kozielska
Imaging studies play a very important role in the diagnosis of cardiac arrhythmias. They are able to answer many questions relating to the diagnosis and treatment of patients. Not all types of arrhythmias require you to perform imaging studies. Diagnosis require above all: ventricular tachycardia and supraventricular tachycardia, ventricular extrasystoles requiring treatment, atrialfibrillation, individuals who are at genetically diseases leading to severe arrhythmia, patients before ablation procedures and cardioversion, arrhythmias in athletes and people performing specific professions (eg pilots)...
2014: Przegla̧d Lekarski
Florian Ebner, Achim Wöckel, Wolfgang Janni, Helen Paterson
OBJECTIVE: There is little medical knowledge about the risks of skydiving during pregnancy. Some national parachuting associations ask for a doctor's permission; others recommend not jumping at all during pregnancy. This article provides survey data and a literature review of pregnancy and parachuting/skydiving related issues to help the pregnant skydiver and her obstetrician make an informed decision. Survey data presented include pregnancy, delivery, and parachuting information from skydivers who jumped during pregnancy...
November 2014: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Lygeri Dimitriou, Richard Weiler, Rebecca Lloyd-Smith, Antony Turner, Luke Heath, Nic James, Anna Reid
OBJECTIVE: To determine bone mineral density (BMD) and the associations among BMD, menstrual history, disordered eating (DE), training history, intentional weight loss (IWL) and rib pain for the first time in female lightweight rowers. SETTING: 9 lightweight rowing clubs, UK. PARTICIPANTS: 29 Caucasian female lightweight rowers volunteered. 21 (12 active, 9 retired) completed the study. INCLUSION CRITERIA: female lightweight rowers aged over 18 years...
February 12, 2014: BMJ Open
Beatriz Martinez-Pascual, Sara Alvarez-Harris, César Fernández-De-Las-Peñas, Domingo Palacios-Ceña
The aim of this qualitative phenomenological study was to describe the experiences of maternity among Spanish elite sportswomen. Twenty (n = 20) Spanish elite sportswomen with the following criteria were included: (a) aged 18-65 years; (b) had been pregnant during their sporting professional career; and (c) after the end of their pregnancy they had returned to their professional sporting career for at least one year. A qualitative analysis was conducted. Data were collected using in-depth personal interviews, investigator's field notes, and extracts from the participants' personal letters...
2014: Women & Health
Andreu Fabregat, Josep Marcos, Lorena Garrostas, Jordi Segura, Oscar J Pozo, Rosa Ventura
Alterations in the maternal excretion of steroids during pregnancy are not restricted to the production of progesterone and estriol by the fetoplacental unit. Although there is a lack of longitudinal data on urinary androgen concentrations during pregnancy, some studies revealed that modifications in the excretions of androgens might be significant. Recently, several testosterone metabolites excreted as cysteine conjugates have been reported in human urine. We conducted a longitudinal study on androgens conjugated with cysteine and major androgens and estrogens excreted as glucuronides in three pregnant women by mass spectrometric techniques...
January 2014: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Jennifer Moriatis Wolf, Kenneth L Cameron, Kari B Clifton, Brett D Owens
Relaxin was originally described as a reproductive hormone that mediated joint laxity in pregnant women and has been minimally studied in men. The purpose of this descriptive laboratory and clinical study was to evaluate serum relaxin in a young, primarily male population and compare levels between the sexes. In addition, the authors evaluated the relationship between relaxin and generalized laxity.
February 2013: Orthopedics
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