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Intergroup stigma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27227158/intragroup-stigma-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-data-extraction-from-craigslist-ads-in-11-cities-in-the-united-states
#1
Tamar Goldenberg, Dhrutika Vansia, Rob Stephenson
BACKGROUND: Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) regularly experience homophobic discrimination and stigma. While previous research has examined homophobic and HIV-related intergroup stigma originating from non-MSM directed at MSM, less is known about intragroup stigma originating from within MSM communities. While some research has examined intragroup stigma, this research has focused mostly on HIV-related stigma. Intragroup stigma may have a unique influence on sexual risk-taking behaviors as it occurs between sexual partners...
January 2016: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26918697/the-association-between-aids-related-stigma-and-aggression-toward-gay-men-and-lesbians
#2
Wilson Vincent, John L Peterson, Dominic J Parrott
This study examined whether self-identified race and prior contact with a gay man or lesbian moderate the association between AIDS-related stigma and aggression toward gay men and lesbians when controlling for sexual prejudice. A regional, community-recruited sample of 194 heterosexual men (50% Black, 50% White) completed measures of AIDS-related stigma, sexual prejudice, and prior contact with gay men and lesbians. Regression analyses showed that AIDS-related stigma was positively associated with aggression toward gay men and lesbians among White men who reported no prior contact, but not among White men who endorsed prior contact and Black men regardless of prior contact...
February 26, 2016: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25425853/testing-the-model-of-stigma-communication-with-a-factorial-experiment-in-an-interpersonal-context
#3
Rachel A Smith
Stigmas may regulate intergroup relationships; they may also influence interpersonal actions. This study extends the previous test of the model of stigma communication (Smith, 2012) with a factorial experiment in which the outcomes refer to a hypothetical acquaintance. New affective reactions, sympathy and frustration, and a new personality trait, disgust sensitivity, were explored. In addition, perceived severity and susceptibility of the infection were included as alternative mechanisms explaining the effects...
2014: Communication Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25197206/racial-healthcare-disparities-a-social-psychological-analysis
#4
Louis A Penner, Nao Hagiwara, Susan Eggly, Samuel L Gaertner, Terrance L Albrecht, John F Dovidio
Around the world, members of racial/ethnic minority groups typically experience poorer health than members of racial/ethnic majority groups. The core premise of this article is that thoughts, feelings, and behaviors related to race and ethnicity play a critical role in healthcare disparities. Social psychological theories of the origins and consequences of these thoughts, feelings, and behaviors offer critical insights into the processes responsible for these disparities and suggest interventions to address them...
2013: European Review of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24873025/intergroup-contact-and-prejudice-against-people-with-schizophrenia
#5
Keon West, Miles Hewstone, Simon Lolliot
There is a growing awareness that responses to mental health disorders differ according to the label. Still, research on contact and prejudice against people with mental health disorders has generally focused on the broader label, "mental illness," as though various disorders were interchangeable. The present research specifically investigated the relationship between intergroup contact and avoidance of people with schizophrenia--a particularly stigmatized and challenging group--as well as mediators of that relationship...
May 2014: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24507916/hiv-prevention-interventions-to-reduce-sexual-risk-for-african-americans-the-influence-of-community-level-stigma-and-psychological-processes
#6
Allecia E Reid, John F Dovidio, Estrellita Ballester, Blair T Johnson
Interventions to improve public health may benefit from consideration of how environmental contexts can facilitate or hinder their success. We examined the extent to which efficacy of interventions to improve African Americans' condom use practices was moderated by two indicators of structural stigma-Whites' attitudes toward African Americans and residential segregation in the communities where interventions occurred. A previously published meta-analytic database was re-analyzed to examine the interplay of community-level stigma with the psychological processes implied by intervention content in influencing intervention efficacy...
February 2014: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24351967/reducing-stigma-toward-people-with-bipolar-disorder-impact-of-a-filmed-theatrical-intervention-based-on-a-personal-narrative
#7
Lisa D Hawke, Erin E Michalak, Victoria Maxwell, Sagar V Parikh
BACKGROUND: Stigma toward people with bipolar disorder (BD) is pervasive and can have many negative repercussions. Common approaches to stigma reduction include education and intergroup contact. From this perspective, the Collaborative RESearch Team to study psychosocial issues in Bipolar Disorder (CREST.BD) and Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) partnered to develop an intervention to combat stigma. The result is a personal narrative intervention that combines contact, education and drama to educate audiences and dispel the myths that drive stigma...
December 2014: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24205988/religion-insulates-ingroup-evaluations-the-development-of-intergroup-attitudes-in-india
#8
Yarrow Dunham, Mahesh Srinivasan, Ron Dotsch, David Barner
Research on the development of implicit intergroup attitudes has placed heavy emphasis on race, leaving open how social categories that are prominent in other cultures might operate. We investigate two of India's primary means of social distinction, caste and religion, and explore the development of implicit and explicit attitudes towards these groups in minority-status Muslim children and majority-status Hindu children, the latter drawn from various positions in the Hindu caste system. Results from two tests of implicit attitudes find that caste attitudes parallel previous findings for race: higher-caste children as well as lower-caste children have robust high-caste preferences...
March 2014: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24065350/disgust-contempt-and-anger-and-the-stereotypes-of-obese-people
#9
Lenny R Vartanian, Margaret A Thomas, Eric J Vanman
PURPOSE: Emotions form an important part of stereotyping and prejudice, but little is known about how intergroup emotions are associated with anti-fat prejudice. This study examined the relation between negative intergroup emotions (disgust, contempt, and anger) and the stereotypes of obese people. METHOD: A community sample (n = 380) and an undergraduate sample (n = 96) rated obese people on common obesity stereotypes (e.g., lazy, sloppy), and also indicated the extent to which they felt disgust, contempt, and anger toward obese people...
December 2013: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23808350/heterosexual-students-experiences-in-sexual-orientation-intergroup-dialogue-courses
#10
Adrienne B Dessel, Michael R Woodford, Robbie Routenberg, Duane P Breijak
Heterosexism contributes to an unsafe campus climate for lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) college students. Intergroup dialogue courses about sexual orientation seek to build awareness, cross-group relationships, and commitment to social action to address anti-LGB prejudice and discrimination. Although dialogue courses are growing in popularity, few courses address sexual orientation. To advance knowledge of these dialogues, this qualitative study explores heterosexual students' motivations and expectations, challenges, and learning outcomes related to their participation in intergroup dialogue courses on sexual orientation...
2013: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23678365/venus-and-mars-or-down-to-earth-stereotypes-and-realities-of-gender-differences
#11
REVIEW
Susan T Fiske
Psychological scientists, like lay people, often think in categorical dichotomies that contrast men and women and exaggerate the differences between groups. These value-laden divides tend to privilege one side over the other, often to the advantage of the scientists' own identity group. Besides balancing perspectives in the academic marketplace of ideas, scientists can recognize the complexity of stigma. Gender, like many categories, entails two fundamental dimensions that characterize intergroup stigma (and all interpersonal perception): perceived warmth and competence...
November 2010: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23646834/intergroup-relations-and-health-disparities-a-social-psychological-perspective
#12
REVIEW
Brenda Major, Wendy Berry Mendes, John F Dovidio
OBJECTIVE: This article considers how the social psychology of intergroup processes helps to explain the presence and persistence of health disparities between members of socially advantaged and disadvantaged groups. METHOD: Social psychological theory and research on intergroup relations, including prejudice, discrimination, stereotyping, stigma, prejudice concerns, social identity threat, and the dynamics of intergroup interactions, is reviewed and applied to understand group disparities in health and health care...
May 2013: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23644953/tackling-stigma-associated-with-intellectual-disability-among-the-general-public-a-study-of-two-indirect-contact-interventions
#13
Jessica Walker, Katrina Scior
Although evidence abounds that people with intellectual disabilities are exposed to stigma and discrimination, few interventions have attempted to tackle stigma among the general public. This study set out to assess the impact of two brief indirect contact interventions on lay people's inclusion attitudes, social distance and positive behavioral intentions, and to explore emotional reactions towards the two interventions. 925 participants completed the first online survey. Participants were randomized to watch either a 10 min film based on intergroup contact theory, or a film based on a protest message...
July 2013: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23057193/imagining-intergroup-contact-can-combat-mental-health-stigma-by-reducing-anxiety-avoidance-and-negative-stereotyping
#14
Sofia Stathi, Katerina Tsantila, Richard J Crisp
Research has demonstrated widespread negative attitudes held toward people with mental health problems. Our study investigated whether a new prejudice reduction technique, imagined intergroup contact (Crisp & Turner, 2009), could combat stigma against people with mental illness, and the mediating processes through which it may exert this beneficial effect. We found that compared to a control condition, participants who imagined a positive encounter with a schizophrenic person reported weakened stereotypes and formed stronger intentions to engage in future social interactions with schizophrenic people in general...
November 2012: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22994920/sexual-prejudice
#15
REVIEW
Gregory M Herek, Kevin A McLemore
Despite shifts toward greater acceptance in U.S. public opinion and policy, lesbian, gay, and bisexual people remain widely stigmatized. This article reviews empirical research on sexual prejudice, that is, heterosexuals' internalization of cultural stigma, manifested in the form of negative attitudes toward sexual minorities and same-sex desires and behaviors. After briefly reviewing measurement issues, we discuss linkages between sexual prejudice and religion, gender, sexuality, and related variables, and consider how the cultural institutions encompassing these domains create a social context within which individual expressions of prejudice can meet important psychological needs...
2013: Annual Review of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22783938/challenging-stereotypes-and-changing-attitudes-improving-quality-of-care-for-people-with-hepatitis-c-through-positive-speakers-programs
#16
Loren Brener, Hannah Wilson, Grenville Rose, Althea Mackenzie, John de Wit
Positive Speakers programs consist of people who are trained to speak publicly about their illness. The focus of these programs, especially with stigmatised illnesses such as hepatitis C (HCV), is to inform others of the speakers' experiences, thereby humanising the illness and reducing ignorance associated with the disease. This qualitative research aimed to understand the perceived impact of Positive Speakers programs on changing audience members' attitudes towards people with HCV. Interviews were conducted with nine Positive Speakers and 16 of their audience members to assess the way in which these sessions were perceived by both speakers and the audience to challenge stereotypes and stigma associated with HCV and promote positive attitude change amongst the audience...
2013: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22742085/mass-social-contact-interventions-and-their-effect-on-mental-health-related-stigma-and-intended-discrimination
#17
Sara Evans-Lacko, Jillian London, Sarah Japhet, Nicolas Rüsch, Clare Flach, Elizabeth Corker, Claire Henderson, Graham Thornicroft
BACKGROUND: Stigma and discrimination associated with mental health problems is an important public health issue, and interventions aimed at reducing exposure to stigma and discrimination can improve the lives of people with mental health problems. Social contact has long been considered to be one of the most effective strategies for improving inter-group relations. For this study, we assess the impact of a population level social contact intervention among people with and without mental health problems...
June 28, 2012: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22651130/-i-never-faced-up-to-being-gay-sexual-religious-and-ethnic-identities-among-british-indian-and-british-pakistani-gay-men
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Rusi Jaspal
This paper presents the findings from a comparative qualitative study of British Indian and British Pakistani gay men, all of whom self-identified as members of their religious communities. Data were analysed using thematic analysis and identity process theory. Results suggest that the intersection between sexuality and religion is more relevant to British Pakistani participants, while the intersection between sexuality and ethnicity is more relevant to British Indian participants. For British Indian participants in particular, homosexuality seems to be socially problematic, posing potential obstacles for interpersonal and intergroup relations...
2012: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22042667/stigma-building-blocks-how-instruction-and-experience-teach-children-about-rejection-by-outgroups
#19
Sonia K Kang, Michael Inzlicht
Gaining an understanding of intergroup relations and outgroup rejection is an important childhood development. Children learn about rejection by outgroups via their own experiences and external instruction. A comparison of the impact of experience and instruction on first-, third-, and fifth-grade children's evaluations of rejection by outgroups in a minimal-groups paradigm suggests that the relative impact of experience and instruction differs as children age. In Study 1, younger children were more influenced by instruction, and older children were more influenced by what they experienced for themselves...
March 2012: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22031121/malignant-peripheral-nerve-sheath-tumors-in-childhood-13-cases-from-a-single-center
#20
Hac Ahmet Demir, Ali Varan, Bilgehan Yalçn, Canan Akyüz, Tezer Kutluk, Münevver Büyükpamukçu
PURPOSE: We aimed to review clinical characteristics, treatment results, and outcome for pediatric patients with malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs). METHODS: Files for 13 children diagnosed with MPNSTs and treated at our hospital between 1988 and 2009 were reviewed for clinical characteristics, treatment results, and outcome. RESULTS: The median patient age was 11 years (range, 0.16 to 18 y; female/male: 6/7). The most common symptoms were palpable mass (7 of 13) and pain (3 of 13)...
April 2012: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
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