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Diabetes stigma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257978/purple-corn-silk-a-potential-anti-obesity-agent-with-inhibition-on-adipogenesis-and-induction-on-lipolysis-and-apoptosis-in-adipocytes
#1
Rungsiri Chaiittianan, Khaetthareeya Sutthanut, Ariya Rattanathongkom
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Corn silk or the stigma of Zea mays L. has traditionally been used in weight loss stimulation and treatment of cystitis, urinary infections and obesity. Purple corn silk, rich of polyphenolic substances, was reported on anti-diabetic and anti-obesity effect in animal studies. However, scientific evidence on mechanisms and targets of action of purple corn silk related to adipocyte life cycle has been limited. AIM OF STUDY: To determine phytochemical compositions and investigate anti-obesity potential of the purple corn silk focusing on interruption of adipocyte life cycle; effect on pre-adipocyte proliferation, adipogenesis, adipocyte lipolysis, and apoptosis...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144045/diabetes-is-devastating-and-insulin-is-a-death-sentence-provider-perspectives-of-diabetes-self-management-in-arab-american-patients
#2
Roseanne DiZazzo-Miller, Fredrick D Pociask, Elizabeth A Bertran, Heather A Fritz, Malak Abbas, Sandra Tarakji, Catherine L Lysack, Linda A Jaber, Judith Arnetz
IN BRIEF The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine providers' perspectives on cultural barriers and facilitators to diabetes self-management (DSM) in Arab Americans to identify factors to enhance DSM education in the Arab-American community. The main barriers to DSM from the providers' perspective were the disease itself and patients' denial or refusal to recognize it, reflecting the stigma of the disease. Cultural aspects also included overlapping themes that both facilitated and presented barriers to DSM...
January 2017: Clinical Diabetes: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144043/stigma-in-people-with-type-1-or-type-2-diabetes
#3
Nancy F Liu, Adam S Brown, Michael F Younge, Susan J Guzman, Kelly L Close, Richard Wood
IN BRIEF This study quantitatively measures diabetes stigma and its associated psychosocial impact in a large population of U.S. patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes using an online survey sent to 12,000 people with diabetes. A majority of respondents with type 1 (76%) or type 2 (52%) diabetes reported that diabetes comes with stigma. Perceptions of stigma were significantly higher among respondents with type 1 diabetes than among those with type 2 diabetes, with the highest rate in parents of children with type 1 diabetes (83%) and the lowest rate in people with type 2 diabetes who did not use insulin (49%)...
January 2017: Clinical Diabetes: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069667/from-loquacious-to-reticent-understanding-patient-health-information-communication-to-guide-consumer-health-it-design
#4
Rupa S Valdez, Thomas M Guterbock, Kara Fitzgibbon, Ishan C Williams, Claire A Wellbeloved-Stone, Jaime E Bears, Hannah K Menefee
BACKGROUND AND SIGNIFICANCE: It is increasingly recognized that some patients self-manage in the context of social networks rather than alone. Consumer health information technology (IT) designed to support socially embedded self-management must be responsive to patients' everyday communication practices. There is an opportunity to improve consumer health IT design by explicating how patients currently leverage social media to support health information communication. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine types of health information communication patterns that typify Facebook users with chronic health conditions to guide consumer health IT design...
January 9, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051979/barriers-and-health-beliefs-related-to-weight-management-among-veterans-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#5
Shannon Munro, Emily Dinatale, Sarah Hartley, Monica St Jacques, Kris Ann Oursler
INTRODUCTION: The success of antiretroviral therapy has led to dramatic changes in causes of morbidity and mortality among U.S. Veterans with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Among the 25,000 Veterans treated for HIV, 70% are over age 50 and the rate of obesity has doubled in this population. Veterans with HIV have a 50% increased risk of myocardial infarction yet have limited presence in prevention-related programs designed to lower cardiovascular disease risk. METHODS: This mixed methods study (focus groups, Schwarzer and Renner physical activity, and nutrition self-efficacy questionnaires) was used to explore factors related to health behavior and identify barriers that overweight Veterans with HIV face in enrolling in the MOVE weight management program...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981413/evaluating-the-impact-of-an-anti-stigma-intervention-on-pharmacy-students-willingness-to-counsel-people-living-with-mental-illness
#6
Benita A Bamgbade, Jamie C Barner, Kentya H Ford
Third-year pharmacy students (n = 88) participated in an anti-stigma intervention program consisting of presentations, videos, discussion and active-learning exercises. Willingness to counsel (WTC) people with mental illness (MI) was evaluated using immediate pre and post-tests comparing diabetes, depression and schizophrenia. At pre-test, WTC diabetes was highest (higher = increased WTC) while schizophrenia was the lowest. There were no statistically significant differences between pre/post-test WTC for diabetes and depression, while schizophrenia WTC increased significantly (p < 0...
December 15, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979791/stigma-and-its-impact-on-glucose-control-among-youth-with-diabetes-protocol-for-a-canada-wide-study
#7
Anne-Sophie Brazeau, Meranda Nakhla, Michael Wright, Constadina Panagiotopoulos, Daniele Pacaud, Mélanie Henderson, Elham Rahme, Deborah Da Costa, Kaberi Dasgupta
BACKGROUND: Stigma in chronic disease involves unwarranted rejection, judgement, or exclusion by others based on the chronic disease itself. OBJECTIVE: We aim to determine the prevalence of stigma among youth and young adults with type 1 diabetes in Canada, to assess associations between stigma and glycemic control, and to explore ways to address stigma related to type 1 diabetes. METHODS: The study includes 3 distinct phases: (1) refinement of survey questions, (2) assessment of test-retest reliability, and (3) a data collection and analysis phase (online survey and mailed-in capillary blood sample to assess hemoglobin A1c)...
December 15, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979497/societal-norms-and-conditions-and-their-influence-on-daily-life-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-in-the-west-bank-in-palestine
#8
Kawther Elissa, Ewa-Lena Bratt, Åsa B Axelsson, Salam Khatib, Carina Sparud-Lundin
PURPOSE: To explore the experiences of daily life in children with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and their parents living in the West Bank in Palestine. DESIGN AND METHODS: A qualitative study using thematic interviews was performed with 10 children with T1D and their parents (n=10). Content analysis was performed with the assistance of NVIVO 10. RESULTS: The overall theme was facing the social reality of diabetes. This was underpinned by two themes: stigmatization and social constraints...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873575/a-qualitative-study-on-the-impact-of-internalized-stigma-on-type-2-diabetes-self-management
#9
Asuka Kato, Yuko Fujimaki, Shin Fujimori, Yoshihiko Izumida, Ryo Suzuki, Kohjiro Ueki, Takashi Kadowaki, Hideki Hashimoto
OBJECTIVE: To explore how patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) psychologically and behaviorally respond to internalized stigma through social stigma. METHODS: A qualitative study with semi-structured interviews was recorded on audiotapes, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using a grounded theory approach. Participants were adults aged 30-64 years and diagnosed with T2DM. A total of 26 patients participated. RESULTS: The qualitative data revealed that participants' responses to social stigma, although varied, could be organized into a four-step process: Encountering Negative Experiences, Reevaluating the Self with Type 2 Diabetes, Reconstructing a Sense of Identity, and Maintaining Balance between Patient and Social Roles...
2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642462/prevalence-of-erectile-dysfunction-and-possible-risk-factors-among-men-of-south-western-nigeria-a-population-based-study
#10
Bolaji Oyetunde Oyelade, Abiodun Christopher Jemilohun, Sunday Adedeji Aderibigbe
INTRODUCTION: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is currently one of the most common sexual dysfunctions worldwide but it is usually underestimated because it is not a life threatening condition. The associated stigma makes men who have it to suffer in silence. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of erectile dysfunction and the possible associated risk factors among Nigerian men. METHODS: The study was a descriptive cross-sectional population based survey among men aged 30-80 years in Ogbomoso, South-west, Nigeria...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614907/-my-heart-burns-a-qualitative-study-of-perceptions-and-experiences-of-type-1-diabetes-among-children-and-youths-in-tajikistan
#11
Severina Haugvik, David Beran, Pamela Klassen, Akhtar Hussain, Ane Haaland
AIMS: To explore and describe perceptions and experiences of living with type 1 Diabetes Mellitus among children/youths in Tajikistan. METHODS: Qualitative methods were employed. Participants were recruited through purposive and snowball samplings. Data were collected using a semi-structured interview guide with children/youths having diabetes, their parents as well as health professionals. Data were analyzed according to Malterud's systematic text condensation...
September 10, 2016: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582174/diabetes-self-management-among-arab-americans-patient-and-provider-perspectives
#12
Heather Fritz, Rosanne DiZazzo-Miller, Elizabeth A Bertran, Fredrick D Pociask, Sandra Tarakji, Judith Arnetz, Catherine L Lysack, Linda A Jaber
BACKGROUND: Arab Americans have a high burden of diabetes and poor outcomes compared to the general U.S. POPULATION: Diabetes self-management (DSM) requires a partnership between patients and providers that fosters mutual understanding and shared decision-making. Cultural factors influence this process; however, little is known regarding the cultural impact on DSM or if perceptions differ between patients and providers. METHODS: Qualitative content analysis was used to analyze five focus groups-two groups with Arab American providers (n = 8) and three groups with adult Arab Americans with diabetes (n = 23)...
August 31, 2016: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558859/effects-of-maydis-stigma-polysaccharide-on-the-intestinal-microflora-in-type-2-diabetes
#13
Chunyang Wang, Yuling Yin, Xuejiao Cao, Xinli Li
CONTEXT: Diabetes is a serious endocrine and metabolic disorder. Food supplements attract people's attention in mitigating health problems from the aspect of gastrointestinal microflora. Maydis stigma (Zea mays subsp. mays L. [Poaceae]), has been used as water decoction for treating diabetes in folk medicine. It has great potential, and feasibly a stable form of Maydis stigma commercial products could be developed to fulfil the health food market. OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of Maydis stigma polysaccharide (MSP) on the intestinal microflora in type-2 diabetes (T2D)...
December 2016: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515964/measuring-the-stigma-surrounding-type-2-diabetes-development-and-validation-of-the-type-2-diabetes-stigma-assessment-scale-dsas-2
#14
Jessica L Browne, Adriana D Ventura, Kylie Mosely, Jane Speight
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a self-report measure of perceived and experienced stigma for use with adults with type 2 diabetes: the Type 2 Diabetes Stigma Assessment Scale (DSAS-2). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: An item pool was drafted based on qualitative data from 25 adults with type 2 diabetes and content from other health-related stigma questionnaires. Thirteen adults with type 2 diabetes completed 57 draft diabetes stigma items and participated in cognitive debriefing interviews...
August 11, 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489251/diabetes-related-stigma-affects-the-quality-of-life-of-people-living-with-diabetes-mellitus-in-switzerland-implications-for-healthcare-providers
#15
Daniel Gredig, Annabelle Bartelsen-Raemy
There is a growing body of scientific evidence that stigma represents a reality for many people living with diabetes (PWD). However, little is known about the impact of experienced stigma. Against this background, the present study aimed to establish, by means of an in-depth consideration of the situation in Switzerland, whether and how experienced and perceived stigma impact the quality of life of those PWD affected. In this cross-sectional study, an anonymous paper-and-pencil self-administered questionnaire (SAQ) was used for data collection...
August 4, 2016: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470981/mental-health-related-stigma-among-japanese-children-and-their-parents-and-impact-of-renaming-of-schizophrenia
#16
Shinsuke Koike, Sosei Yamaguchi, Kazusa Ohta, Yasutaka Ojio, Kei-Ichiro Watanabe, Shuntaro Ando
AIM: Mental-health-related stigma affects help-seeking behavior and service utilization among young people. Whether mental-health-related stigma is different or correlated between parents and their children is unknown. It is also unknown whether the name change of schizophrenia in 2002 has had long-term effects on reducing stigma for adults in the general population. METHODS: We recruited 143 parent-child pairs (mean ages [SD]: 51.5 [3.6] and 21.2 [1.2] years, respectively) to complete self-report questionnaires regarding mental-health-related stigma and experience...
March 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465159/race-and-breast-cancer-reconstruction-is-there-a-health-care-disparity
#17
Ketan Sharma, David Grant, Rajiv Parikh, Terence Myckatyn
BACKGROUND: Racial disparity continues to be a well-documented problem afflicting contemporary health care. Because the breast is a symbol of femininity, breast reconstruction is critical to mitigating the psychosocial stigma of a breast cancer diagnosis. Whether different races have equitable access to breast reconstruction remains unknown. METHODS: Two thousand five hundred thirty-three women underwent first-time autologous versus implant-based reconstruction following mastectomy...
August 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460886/the-arab-american-experience-with-diabetes-perceptions-myths-and-implications-for-culturally-specific-interventions
#18
Elizabeth A Bertran, Nicole R Pinelli, Stephen J Sills, Linda A Jaber
AIMS: Culturally-specific lifestyle diabetes prevention programs require an assessment of population disease perceptions and cultural influences on health beliefs and behaviors. The primary objectives were to assess Arab Americans' knowledge and perceptions of diabetes and their preferences for a lifestyle intervention. METHODS: Sixty-nine self-identified Arab or Arab Americans ≥30 years of age and without diabetes participated in 8 focus groups. RESULTS: Emerging themes from the data included myths about diabetes etiology, folk remedies, and social stigma...
February 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403251/therapeutic-effects-of-saffron-crocus-sativus-l-in-digestive-disorders-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Alireza Rezaee Khorasany, Hossein Hosseinzadeh
Saffron, the dried red-orange stigmas of Crocus sativus L, has been known as a flavoring agent, food coloring and traditional herbal medicine. Pharmacological effects of saffron are mainly attributed to crocin, crocetin, picrocrocin and safranal. These components especially crocin, have significant effects including antidepressant and anticonvulsant, analgesic, anti-cancer and other therapeutic effects on different parts of our body namely cardiovascular, immune, respiratory, genital-urinary and central nervous system...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350523/-schizophrenia-on-twitter-content-analysis-of-greek-language-tweets
#20
Christina Athanasopoulou, Evanthia Sakellari
Twitter is an online space whose users can create and share ideas and information instantly. The term schizophrenia is frequently used in a stigmatizing way in Greek language. In Greece, Twitter is the tenth most popular website. Tweets related to schizophrenia in Greek language, have not been investigated. We aimed to examine schizophrenia Tweets in comparison with other illness (diabetes). Deductive content analysis was applied. Schizophrenia Tweets (n=239), tended to be more negative, medically inappropriate, sarcastic, and used non-medically than diabetes Tweets (n=205)...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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