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Diabetes stigma

Asuka Kato, Yuko Fujimaki, Shin Fujimori, Yoshihiko Izumida, Ryo Suzuki, Kohjiro Ueki, Takashi Kadowaki, Hideki Hashimoto
OBJECTIVE: To explore how patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) psychologically and behaviorally respond to internalized stigma through social stigma. METHODS: A qualitative study with semi-structured interviews was recorded on audiotapes, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using a grounded theory approach. Participants were adults aged 30-64 years and diagnosed with T2DM. A total of 26 patients participated. RESULTS: The qualitative data revealed that participants' responses to social stigma, although varied, could be organized into a four-step process: Encountering Negative Experiences, Reevaluating the Self with Type 2 Diabetes, Reconstructing a Sense of Identity, and Maintaining Balance between Patient and Social Roles...
July 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
Bolaji Oyetunde Oyelade, Abiodun Christopher Jemilohun, Sunday Adedeji Aderibigbe
INTRODUCTION: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is currently one of the most common sexual dysfunctions worldwide but it is usually underestimated because it is not a life threatening condition. The associated stigma makes men who have it to suffer in silence. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of erectile dysfunction and the possible associated risk factors among Nigerian men. METHODS: The study was a descriptive cross-sectional population based survey among men aged 30-80 years in Ogbomoso, South-west, Nigeria...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Severina Haugvik, David Beran, Pamela Klassen, Akhtar Hussain, Ane Haaland
AIMS: To explore and describe perceptions and experiences of living with type 1 Diabetes Mellitus among children/youths in Tajikistan. METHODS: Qualitative methods were employed. Participants were recruited through purposive and snowball samplings. Data were collected using a semi-structured interview guide with children/youths having diabetes, their parents as well as health professionals. Data were analyzed according to Malterud's systematic text condensation...
September 10, 2016: Chronic Illness
Heather Fritz, Rosanne DiZazzo-Miller, Elizabeth A Bertran, Fredrick D Pociask, Sandra Tarakji, Judith Arnetz, Catherine L Lysack, Linda A Jaber
BACKGROUND: Arab Americans have a high burden of diabetes and poor outcomes compared to the general U.S. POPULATION: Diabetes self-management (DSM) requires a partnership between patients and providers that fosters mutual understanding and shared decision-making. Cultural factors influence this process; however, little is known regarding the cultural impact on DSM or if perceptions differ between patients and providers. METHODS: Qualitative content analysis was used to analyze five focus groups-two groups with Arab American providers (n = 8) and three groups with adult Arab Americans with diabetes (n = 23)...
August 31, 2016: BMC International Health and Human Rights
Chunyang Wang, Yuling Yin, Xuejiao Cao, Xinli Li
CONTEXT: Diabetes is a serious endocrine and metabolic disorder. Food supplements attract people's attention in mitigating health problems from the aspect of gastrointestinal microflora. Maydis stigma (Zea mays subsp. mays L. [Poaceae]), has been used as water decoction for treating diabetes in folk medicine. It has great potential, and feasibly a stable form of Maydis stigma commercial products could be developed to fulfil the health food market. OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of Maydis stigma polysaccharide (MSP) on the intestinal microflora in type-2 diabetes (T2D)...
August 25, 2016: Pharmaceutical Biology
Jessica L Browne, Adriana D Ventura, Kylie Mosely, Jane Speight
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a self-report measure of perceived and experienced stigma for use with adults with type 2 diabetes: the Type 2 Diabetes Stigma Assessment Scale (DSAS-2). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: An item pool was drafted based on qualitative data from 25 adults with type 2 diabetes and content from other health-related stigma questionnaires. Thirteen adults with type 2 diabetes completed 57 draft diabetes stigma items and participated in cognitive debriefing interviews...
August 11, 2016: Diabetes Care
Daniel Gredig, Annabelle Bartelsen-Raemy
There is a growing body of scientific evidence that stigma represents a reality for many people living with diabetes (PWD). However, little is known about the impact of experienced stigma. Against this background, the present study aimed to establish, by means of an in-depth consideration of the situation in Switzerland, whether and how experienced and perceived stigma impact the quality of life of those PWD affected. In this cross-sectional study, an anonymous paper-and-pencil self-administered questionnaire (SAQ) was used for data collection...
August 4, 2016: Health & Social Care in the Community
Shinsuke Koike, Sosei Yamaguchi, Kazusa Ohta, Yasutaka Ojio, Kei-Ichiro Watanabe, Shuntaro Ando
AIM: Mental helath-related stigma affects help-seeking behavior and service utilization among young people. Whether mental helath-related stigma is different or correlated between parents and their children has been unknown. It is also unknown whether the name change of schizophrenia in 2002 has long-term effects on reducing stigma for general adults. METHODS: We recruited 143 parent-child pairs (mean ages [SD]: 51.5 [3.6] and 21.2 [1.2], respectively) to complete self-report questionnaires regarding mental health-related stigma and experience...
July 29, 2016: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Ketan Sharma, David Grant, Rajiv Parikh, Terence Myckatyn
BACKGROUND: Racial disparity continues to be a well-documented problem afflicting contemporary health care. Because the breast is a symbol of femininity, breast reconstruction is critical to mitigating the psychosocial stigma of a breast cancer diagnosis. Whether different races have equitable access to breast reconstruction remains unknown. METHODS: Two thousand five hundred thirty-three women underwent first-time autologous versus implant-based reconstruction following mastectomy...
August 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Elizabeth A Bertran, Nicole R Pinelli, Stephen J Sills, Linda A Jaber
AIMS: Culturally-specific lifestyle diabetes prevention programs require an assessment of population disease perceptions and cultural influences on health beliefs and behaviors. The primary objectives were to assess Arab Americans' knowledge and perceptions of diabetes and their preferences for a lifestyle intervention. METHODS: Sixty-nine self-identified Arab or Arab Americans ≥30 years of age and without diabetes participated in 8 focus groups. RESULTS: Emerging themes from the data included myths about diabetes etiology, folk remedies, and social stigma...
July 23, 2016: Primary Care Diabetes
Alireza Rezaee Khorasany, Hossein Hosseinzadeh
Saffron, the dried red-orange stigmas of Crocus sativus L, has been known as a flavoring agent, food coloring and traditional herbal medicine. Pharmacological effects of saffron are mainly attributed to crocin, crocetin, picrocrocin and safranal. These components especially crocin, have significant effects including antidepressant and anticonvulsant, analgesic, anti-cancer and other therapeutic effects on different parts of our body namely cardiovascular, immune, respiratory, genital-urinary and central nervous system...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Christina Athanasopoulou, Evanthia Sakellari
Twitter is an online space whose users can create and share ideas and information instantly. The term schizophrenia is frequently used in a stigmatizing way in Greek language. In Greece, Twitter is the tenth most popular website. Tweets related to schizophrenia in Greek language, have not been investigated. We aimed to examine schizophrenia Tweets in comparison with other illness (diabetes). Deductive content analysis was applied. Schizophrenia Tweets (n=239), tended to be more negative, medically inappropriate, sarcastic, and used non-medically than diabetes Tweets (n=205)...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Emily Mendenhall, H Stowe McMurry, Roopa Shivashankar, K M Venkat Narayan, Nikhil Tandon, Dorairaj Prabhakaran
The Type 2 diabetes epidemic in India poses challenges to the health system. Yet little is known about how urban Indians view treatment and self-care. Such views are important within the pluralistic healthcare landscape of India, bringing together allopathic and non-allopathic (or traditional) paradigms and practices. We used in-depth qualitative interviews to examine how people living with diabetes in India selectively engage with allopathic and non-allopathic Indian care paradigms. We propose a 'discourse marketplace' model that demonstrates competing ways in which people frame diabetes care-seeking in India's medical pluralism, which includes allopathic and traditional systems of care...
June 21, 2016: Anthropology & Medicine
Kanta Kumar, Sheila Greenfield, Karim Raza, Paramjit Gill, Rebecca Stack
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of diabetes and cardiovascular (CVD) disease amongst UK South Asians is higher than in the general population. Non-adherence to medicines may lead to poor clinical outcomes for South Asian patients with diabetes and CVD. To understand the decision making processes associated with taking medicines, a qualitative systematic meta-synthesis exploring medicine taking behaviours, and beliefs was undertaken. METHODS: Four databases (Medline, Embase, Science Citation Index and CINAHL) were searched to identify qualitative studies of South Asian patients taking diabetic medicines...
2016: BMC Endocrine Disorders
Benjamin K P Woo, Pratik Mehta
AIM: One of the major barriers in making a diagnosis and managing dementia in the Chinese American population is the stigma surrounding the disease. The goal of the present study was to examine differences in the stigma and perceptions of dementia and diabetes among Chinese Americans. METHODS: A total of 449 Chinese Americans answered one survey with two self-administered, true/false questionnaires assessing stigma and perceptions toward dementia and diabetes. Higher total scores were associated with increased stigma and negative perceptions...
May 2, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Marcus Griffith, Jeana Griffith, Mellanese Cobb, Vladimir Oge
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is a health care crisis according to the leading pediatric advocacy groups (National Medical Association, American Academy of Pediatrics, and American Diabetes Association) and the White House. The problem has reached epidemic proportions for all children, but it has an even greater impact on racial minorities. The subject of childhood obesity can lead to a host of medical, psychological, and social problems, including low self-esteem and discrimination...
2016: Permanente Journal
Catherine Chiles, Elina Stefanovics, Robert Rosenheck
OBJECTIVES: Stigma among health care providers toward people with mental illness is a worldwide problem. This study at a large US university examined medical student attitudes toward mental illness and its causes, and whether student attitudes change as they progress in their education. METHODS: An electronic questionnaire focusing on attitudes toward people with mental illness, causes of mental illness, and treatment efficacy was used to survey medical students at all levels of training...
March 7, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
Carol E Blixen, Stephanie Kanuch, Adam T Perzynski, Charles Thomas, Neal V Dawson, Martha Sajatovic
OBJECTIVES: Individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) (major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia), and diabetes (DM), face significant challenges in managing their physical and mental health. The objective of this study was to assess perceived barriers to self-management among patients with both SMI and DM in order to inform healthcare delivery practices. METHODS: We conducted 20 in-depth interviews with persons who had diagnoses of both SMI and DM...
March 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Conor Farrington
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
Mounir H Fawzi, Nagwa S Said, Maggie M Fawzi, Ibrahim A Kira, Mohab M Fawzi, Hanaa Abdel-Moety
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between psychiatric referral acceptance for fluoxetine treatment and glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) Egyptian patients with depression. METHODS: Patients with T2DM who attended the diabetes outpatients clinic at Zagazig University Hospital, Egypt, between May 2013 and April 2015 and who scored ≥20 on screening with the Major Depression Inventory (MDI) (n=196) were offered a psychiatric referral for fluoxetine treatment and monitoring...
May 2016: General Hospital Psychiatry
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