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Diabetes stigma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797076/clinical-and-psychosocial-factors-influencing-retinal-screening-uptake-among-young-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#1
REVIEW
A J Lake, G Rees, J Speight
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Young adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D, 18-39 years) experience early-onset and rapid progression of diabetic retinopathy (DR), the leading cause of vision loss for working age adults. Despite this, uptake of retinal screening, the crucial first step in preventing vision loss from DR, is low. The aim of this review is to summarize the clinical and psychosocial factors affecting uptake of retinal screening. RECENT FINDINGS: Barriers include lack of diabetes-related symptoms, low personal DR risk perception, high rates of depression and diabetes-related distress, fatalism about inevitability of complications, time and financial constraints, disengagement with existing diabetes self-management services, and perceived stigma due to having a condition associated with older adults...
May 24, 2018: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741747/health-related-stigma-in-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#2
Yoo Mi Jeong, Laurie Quinn, Nahyun Kim, Pamela Martyn-Nemeth
Young adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) often exhibit poor treatment adherence and suboptimal glucose control. Health-related stigma may adversely influence diabetes self-management behavior. The aim of the current study was to explore health-related stigma among young adults with T1DM using qualitative descriptive methods in focus groups. Data were collected from a purposive sample of 14 young adults ages 20 to 34 with T1DM. Using content analysis, transcripts from two focus groups were analyzed, and five main themes were identified: (a) Desire to be Seen as a Person, Not a Disease; (b) Wanting to be "Normal"; (c) Feeling Ashamed Managing Diabetes in Public; (d) Struggling to Overcome Anger and Distress; and (e) Feeling Distrusted by Others to Manage Their Condition...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678801/stigma-and-its-association-with-glycemic-control-and-hypoglycemia-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-cross-sectional-study
#3
Anne-Sophie Brazeau, Meranda Nakhla, Michael Wright, Mélanie Henderson, Constadina Panagiotopoulos, Daniele Pacaud, Patricia Kearns, Elham Rahme, Deborah Da Costa, Kaberi Dasgupta
BACKGROUND: Qualitative studies in type 1 diabetes indicate that visibility of diabetes supplies, self-care, and hypoglycemia symptoms are associated with stigma and suboptimal management. This may be particularly salient in youth who face concurrent challenges such as establishing autonomy and making vocational choices. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to estimate stigma prevalence in youth (aged 14-24 years) with type 1 diabetes and its associations with glycemic control...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661697/cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-sexual-minority-women-18-59-years-old-findings-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2001-2012
#4
Billy A Caceres, Abraham A Brody, Perry N Halkitis, Caroline Dorsen, Gary Yu, Deborah A Chyun
OBJECTIVE: Sexual minority women (lesbian and bisexual) experience significant stigma, which may increase their cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of modifiable risk factors for CVD (including mental distress, health behaviors, blood pressure, glycosylated hemoglobin, and total cholesterol) and CVD in sexual minority women compared with their heterosexual peers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A secondary analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2001-2012) was conducted...
April 13, 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622527/epic-allies-a-gamified-mobile-phone-app-to-improve-engagement-in-care-antiretroviral-uptake-and-adherence-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-young-transgender-women-who-have-sex-with-men-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Sara LeGrand, Kathryn E Muessig, Alyssa Platt, Karina Soni, Joseph R Egger, Nkechinyere Nwoko, Tobias McNulty, Lisa B Hightow-Weidman
BACKGROUND: In the United States, young men who have sex with men (YMSM) and transgender women who have sex with men (YTWSM) bear a disproportionate burden of prevalent and incident HIV infections. Once diagnosed, many YMSM and YTWSM struggle to engage in HIV care, adhere to antiretroviral therapy (ART), and achieve viral suppression. Computer-based interventions, including those focused on behavior change, are recognized as effective tools for engaging youth. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study described in this protocol is to evaluate the efficacy of Epic Allies, a theory-based mobile phone app that utilizes game mechanics and social networking features to improve engagement in HIV care, ART uptake, ART adherence, and viral suppression among HIV-positive YMSM and YTWSM...
April 5, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599986/a-discussion-paper-on-stigmatizing-features-of-diabetes
#6
REVIEW
Samereh Abdoli, Mehri Doosti Irani, Lynda R Hardy, Martha Funnell
Aim: This manuscript aims to describe stigmatizing features of diabetes. Design: This article presents a narrative review of literature pertaining to stigma surrounding diabetes in different contexts. Methods: A literature search was conducted in CINAHL, PubMed and Web of Science for qualitative studies published between 2007-2017. The search was completed using various combinations of diabetes, T1DM, T2DM, stigma, social/public stigma, internalized/self-stigma, stigmatization and diabetes-related stigma in English...
April 2018: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569462/conceptualizing-obesity-as-a-chronic-disease-an-interview-with-dr-arya-sharma
#7
Arya M Sharma, Donna L Goodwin, Janice Causgrove Dunn
Dr. Arya M. Sharma challenges the conventional wisdom of relying simply on "lifestyle" approaches involving exercise, diet, and behavioral interventions for managing obesity, suggesting that people living with obesity should receive comprehensive medical interventions similar to the approach taken for other chronic diseases such as Type 2 diabetes or hypertension. He purports that the stigma-inducing focus on self-failing (e.g., coping through food, laziness, lack of self-regulation) does not address biological processes that make obesity a lifelong problem for which there is no easy solution...
March 23, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538415/a-qualitative-study-on-the-experiences-and-perspectives-of-public-sector-patients-in-cape-town-in-managing-the-workload-of-demands-of-hiv-and-type-2-diabetes-multimorbidity
#8
Rangarirai Matima, Katherine Murphy, Naomi S Levitt, Rhonda BeLue, Tolu Oni
BACKGROUND: Current South African health policy for chronic disease management proposes integration of chronic services for better outcomes for chronic conditions; that is based on the Integrated Chronic Disease Model (ICDM). However, scant data exist on how patients with chronic multimorbidities currently experience the (re)-organisation of health services and what their perceived needs are in order to enhance the management of their conditions. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in a community health centre treating both HIV and diabetes patients in Cape Town...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535951/premarriage-counseling-in-type-1-diabetes
#9
REVIEW
Gagan Priya, Bharti Kalra, Emmy Grewal, Inderpreet Kaur Dardi
Type 1 diabetes is a challenging illness and needs lifelong diabetes self-care. At the same time, there is a significant stigma associated with it, especially with relation to marriage. There are concerns related to premarriage disclosure, marital relationship, ability to procreate, risk during pregnancy in women, and the risk of disease in children. In this document, we discuss the issue of disease-related stigma which may become a significant challenge for a prospective spouse and the impact of type 1 diabetes on marital relationships and procreation...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467563/sociocultural-influences-on-african-americans-representations-of-type-2-diabetes-a-qualitative-study
#10
Olayinka O Shiyanbola, Earlise Ward, Carolyn Brown
Objective: Illness representations, known as patients' beliefs and expectations about an illness, may be influenced by cultural beliefs and personal experiences. This study explored African Americans' perceptions of the sociocultural factors that influence their representations of diabetes. Design: Six semi-structured focus groups. Setting: Private space at a convenient site. Participants: Forty African Americans, aged 45-60 years with type 2 diabetes for at least one year prior...
2018: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456427/the-experience-of-diabetes-related-language-in-diabetes-care
#11
Jane K Dickinson
Objective: The goal of this study was to understand how adults with diabetes experience the words used in diabetes care. Methods: This qualitative study guided by Critical Theory used two virtual and two in-person focus groups conducted by the same facilitator. A total of 68 focus group members participated. The facilitator transcribed and coded focus group data using individual responses as the unit of analysis. The facilitator used constant comparison to analyze responses and developed a research summary of themes that emerged...
February 2018: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417612/diabetes-stigma-is-associated-with-negative-treatment-appraisals-among-adults-with-insulin-treated-type-2-diabetes-results-from-the-second-diabetes-miles-australia-miles-2-survey
#12
E Holmes-Truscott, J L Browne, A D Ventura, F Pouwer, J Speight
AIM: To explore factors associated with negative insulin appraisals among adults with Type 2 diabetes, including perceived and experienced diabetes stigma. METHODS: The second Diabetes MILES - Australia study (MILES-2) is a national survey of adults with diabetes, focused on behavioural and psychosocial issues. Subgroup analyses were conducted on the responses of 456 adults with insulin-treated Type 2 diabetes (38% women; mean ± sd age: 61.2 ± 8.8 years; diabetes duration: 14...
May 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413166/jane-speight-tackling-diabetes-and-its-stigma-down-under
#13
Ray Cavanaugh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383534/psychosocial-complications-of-hiv-aids-metabolic-disorder-comorbidities-among-patients-in-a-rural-area-of-southeastern-united-states
#14
Dominica Hernandez, Seth C Kalichman, Harold P Katner, Kaylee Burnham, Moira O Kalichman, Marnie Hill
As people living with HIV experience longer life-expectancies resulting from antiretroviral therapy, comorbid conditions are increasing, particularly metabolic disorders. There is potential for psychosocial factors such as stigma experiences, depression, and alcohol use to complicate both HIV infection and metabolic disorders, including diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia. While the impact of these psychosocial factors on HIV infection alone are widely studied, their role in potentially complicating HIV co-morbid metabolic conditions has received little attention...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331976/concealment-of-type-1-diabetes-at-work-in-finland-a-mixed-method-study
#15
Pirjo Hakkarainen, Fehmidah Munir, Leena Moilanen, Kimmo Räsänen, Vilma Hänninen
OBJECTIVES: To explore the possible reasons for concealing type 1 diabetes (T1D) at work. METHODS: The main set of data came from a cross-sectional survey (response rate 49.3%), the participants of which were 688 wage earners with T1D. Concealment of T1D was measured by asking respondents have they ever during their working career hidden their diabetes from their (A) colleagues and (B) line manager. Furthermore, semistructured interviews (n=20) were conducted to obtain deeper understanding...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325518/experiences-of-gestational-diabetes-and-gestational-diabetes-care-a-focus-group-and-interview-study
#16
Judith Parsons, Katherine Sparrow, Khalida Ismail, Katharine Hunt, Helen Rogers, Angus Forbes
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is an increasingly common condition of pregnancy. It is associated with adverse fetal, infant and maternal outcomes, as well as an increased risk of GDM in future pregnancies and type 2 diabetes for both mother and offspring. Previous studies have shown that GDM can result in an emotionally distressing pregnancy, but there is little research on the patient experience of GDM care, especially of a demographically diverse UK population. The aim of this research was to explore the experiences of GDM and GDM care for a group of women attending a large diabetes pregnancy unit in southeast London, UK, in order to improve care...
January 11, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319923/attitudes-towards-mental-health-mental-health-research-and-digital-interventions-by-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-a-qualitative-analysis
#17
Janine Clarke, Judy Proudfoot, Veronica Vatiliotis, Charles Verge, Deborah J Holmes-Walker, Lesley Campbell, Kay Wilhelm, Catherine Moravac, Pillaveetil S Indu, Madeleine Bridgett
BACKGROUND: Young people with type 1 diabetes are at increased risk of mental disorders. Whereas treatment need is high, difficulty recruiting young people with type 1 diabetes into psychosocial studies complicates development, testing and dissemination of these interventions. OBJECTIVE: Interviews with young adults with type 1 diabetes were conducted to examine attitudes towards mental health and mental health research, including barriers and motivators to participation in mental health studies and preferred sources of mental health support...
January 10, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260399/stigma-perceived-and-experienced-by-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-linguistic-adaptation-and-psychometric-validation-of-the-danish-version-of-the-type-1-diabetes-stigma-assessment-scale-dsas-1-dk
#18
Ulla Møller Hansen, Ingrid Willaing, Adriana D Ventura, Kasper Olesen, Jane Speight, Jessica L Browne
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to (a) culturally and linguistically adapt the Type 1 Diabetes Stigma Assessment Scale (DSAS-1) from English (for Australia) into Danish and (b) examine psychometric properties of the measure among Danish adults with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: We performed a forward-backward translation, face validity interviews with experts and cognitive debriefing of the Danish version (DSAS-1 DK) with ten adults from the target group. The DSAS-1 DK was then completed by 1594 adults with type 1 diabetes...
December 19, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215905/patient-perceived-family-stigma-of-type-2-diabetes-and-its-consequences
#19
Kryseana J Harper, Chandra Y Osborn, Lindsay Satterwhite Mayberry
INTRODUCTION: Adults with type two diabetes (T2D) report being monitored and judged by family members, contributing to feelings of guilt/shame, and attempts to conceal one's diabetes status or self-care efforts. However, studies have not yet quantitatively examined T2D stigma from family members. Our objective was to assess the frequency of T2D family stigma and its association with helpful and harmful diabetes-specific family behaviors and psychological and behavioral consequences of stigma...
March 2018: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171076/impact-of-weight-stigma-on-physiological-and-psychological-health-outcomes-for-overweight-and-obese-adults-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Ya-Ke Wu, Diane C Berry
AIM: To summarize the associations between weight stigma and physiological and psychological health for individuals who are overweight or obese. BACKGROUND: Weight stigma can be defined as individuals experiencing verbal or physical abuse secondary to being overweight or obese. Weight stigma has negative consequences for both physiological and psychological health. DESIGN: A quantitative systematic review. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL and MEDLINE from 1 January 2008 - 30 July 2016...
May 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
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