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Oral epidermoid carcinoma

T Shintani, F Takatsu, S N Z Rosli, E Usui, A Hamada, K Sumi, Y Hayashido, S Toratani, Tetsuji Okamoto
Heparin-binding protein 17 (HBp17)/fibroblast growth factor-binding protein-1 (FGFBP-1) was first purified from medium conditioned by A431 cells for its capacity to bind to fibroblast growth factors 1 and 2 (FGF-1 and -2). Among FGF family members, FGF-2 is a potent mitogen for various cell types, including vascular endothelial cells, fibroblasts, and cancer cells such as oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells. Besides being well known in bone metabolism, the active form of vitamin D3, i.e., 1α,25(OH)2D3 (1,25D3), was reported to have protective effects for heart disease and cancer...
July 14, 2017: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Liwen Vaughan, Wolfgang Glänzel, Christopher Korch, Amanda Capes-Davis
Continuous cell lines are widely used, but can result in invalid, irreproducible research data. Cell line misidentification is a common problem that can be detected by authentication testing; however, misidentified cell lines continue to be used in publications. Here we explore the impact of one misidentified cell line, KB (HeLa), on the scientific literature. We identified 574 articles between 2000 and 2014 that provided an incorrect attribution for KB, in accordance with its false identity as oral epidermoid carcinoma, but only 57 articles that provided a correct attribution for KB, as HeLa or cervical adenocarcinoma...
April 28, 2017: Cancer Research
Reza Fekrazad, Mehrad Afzali, Hamzeh Pasban-Aliabadi, Saeed Esmaeili-Mahani, Maryam Aminizadeh, Ali Mostafavi
Identifying new chemotherapeutic agents with fewer side effects is a major concern for scientists today. Thymus caramanicus Jalas (Lamiaceae family) is one of the species of Thymus that grows wild in different regions of Iran. Traditionally, leaves of this plant are used in the treatment of diabetes, arthritis and cancer. Here was investigated the cytotoxic property of Thymus caramanicus essential oil and extract in human oral epidermoid carcinoma KB cells. Cell viability was measured by MTT and neutral red assays...
January 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
Elena Vetchinkina, Alexandr Shirokov, Alla Bucharskaya, Nikita Navolokin, Artur Prilepskii, Andrey Burov, Galina Maslyakova, Valentina E Nikitina
Aqueous extracts from the vegetative submerged mycelia of cultivated Basidiomycetes Ganoderma lucidum, Lentinus edodes, and Grifola frondosa, as well as from the fruiting bodies of G. lucidum, were found to have antitumor activity. The antitumor effect of the mycelial extracts from all 3 fungal species was ascertained in vivo in rats with implanted kidney cancer. Dystrophic changes in tumor cells and tumor necrosis (up to 90%) were noted. In vitro cytotoxicity studies of the A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cell line and HEp-2 human laryngeal epidermoid carcinoma cells showed that the extracts from the G...
2016: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Paulo Castro Soares, Salim Bouayed, Pavel Dulguerov, Jean-Louis Frossard
Complete pharyngo-oesophageal stricture (PES) after radiotherapy for head and neck cancer is a relatively rare and difficult complication to manage. Historically this condition has been treated surgically, but endoscopic approaches are now available. We present a 61-year-old man with an epidermoid carcinoma of the supraglottic stage and a micro-invasive epidermoid carcinoma of the oropharynx treated surgically and subsequently by adjuvant radiotherapy. Eight months after the end of the radiotherapy, a complete PES was diagnosed and treated with a combined anterograde-retrograde endoscopic dilation (CARD)...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
R Mann, B Srinivasan, R Webb, A Webb
Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common carcinoma in the oral cavity. Resection of these cancers often requires reconstruction. Nasolabial flaps are a robust and reliable local flap that provide a satisfactory outcome. We report two cases where an epidermoid cyst developed within the scar of the nasolabial flap and review the literature.
February 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Saranya Satitmanwiwat, Chinarat Changsangfa, Anuson Khanuengthong, Kornkanok Promthep, Sittiruk Roytrakul, Teerakul Arpornsuwan, Kulnasan Saikhun, Hathaitip Sritanaudomchai
AIM: This study aimed to investigate the mechanism of the induction of apoptosis of human oral cancer cells by the scorpion venom peptide BmKn2. METHODS: Human oral squamous carcinoma cells (HSC4), mouth epidermoid carcinoma cells (KB), human normal gingival cells (HGC) and dental pulp cells (DPC) were treated with BmKn-2 peptide for 24h. Cell viability was determined by the MTT assay. Apoptosis was assessed using phase contrast microscopy, by propidium iodide (PI) staining to assess nuclear morphology and by Annexin V staining...
December 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Min-Shu Hsieh, Hsuang Wang, Yi-Hsuan Lee, Jenq-Yuh Ko, Yih-Leong Chang
Hyalinizing clear cell carcinoma (HCCC) is a rare salivary gland tumor with a specific EWSR1-ATF1 fusion gene and can have mucin production. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) with a clear cell component is its morphologic mimic. Using MAML2 fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), a total of 49 MEC cases were separated into MAML2 fusion-positive (32 cases) and MAML2 fusion-negative groups (17 cases). This study used EWSR1 FISH to investigate MAML2 fusion-negative cases to identify previously unrecognized HCCC...
March 2017: Human Pathology
Alexander T Falk, Christophe Hébert, Antoine Tran, Marie-Eve Chand, Axel Leysalle, Juliette Thariat, Olivier Dassonville, Gilles Poissonnet, Alexandre Bozec, Esma Saada, Fréderic Peyrade, Karen Benezery
Concomitant radiotherapy and cetuximab association has shown superiority to exclusive radiotherapy for head and neck cancers. Data on this association are scarce for the elderly population despite its rising incidence. A retrospective monocentric data collection was performed in the Antoine Lacassagne Cancer Center in France. Inclusion criteria were: age >70 years at time of diagnosis, histologically proven head and neck epidermoid carcinoma, treated with radiotherapy combined with cetuximab. Thirty-five patients were included between 2008 and 2012...
February 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Wajid Rehman, Rehana Yasmeen, Fazal Rahim, Muhammad Waseem, Cun-Yue Guo, Zonera Hassan, Umer Rashid, Khurshid Ayub
The search for an alternative to platinum anticancer agents is a major motivation for continuing investigations concerning the antitumor properties of other transition metal-based compounds. Keeping this in view, synthesis, antitumor and antimicrobial activity of diorganotin (IV) complexes was studied. A novel series of diorganotin (IV) complexes of the Schiff base ligand derived from 7-methoxy-2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde, 1,2-phenylenediamine, Salicylaldehyde were synthesized. Physical and spectral examination was done through various techniques using elemental analyses, IR, (1)H, (13)C, (119)Sn NMR, and (119m)Sn Mössbauer techniques respectively...
November 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Hong-Yuan Wang, Ying Zhang, Yue Zhou, Yu-Yin Lu, Wen-Fang Wang, Ming Xin, Xiu-Li Guo
Rosiglitazone (ROSI), an oral antidiabetic agent, has been reported the anti-cancer properties recent years. In this paper, the potency of ROSI as a synergistic drug for vincristine (VCR) on resistant oral cancer cells was investigated. We found that ROSI potently enhanced the susceptibility of KB cells or KB/V cells to VCR in a dose manner and the synergy in KB/V cells was much more prominent than that in KB cells. The synergistic anti-proliferative effect of ROSI and VCR was associated with inhibition on tubulin polymerization, cell cycle arrest in G2/M phase and cell apoptosis induction, but has no effect on drug efflux-protein P-gp and was independent with PPARγ...
October 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
J-E Bibault, M Morelle, L Perrier, P Pommier, P Boisselier, B Coche-Dequéant, O Gallocher, M Alfonsi, É Bardet, M Rives, V Calugaru, E Chajon, G Noël, H Mecellem, D Pérol, S Dussart, P Giraud
PURPOSE: Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) has shown its interest for head and neck cancer treatment. In parallel, cetuximab has demonstrated its superiority against exclusive radiotherapy. The objective of this study was to assess the acute toxicity, local control and overall survival of cetuximab associated with different IMRT modalities compared to platinum-based chemotherapy and IMRT in the ARTORL study (NCT02024035). PATIENTS AND METHOD: This prospective, multicenter study included patients with epidermoid or undifferentiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma, epidermoid carcinoma of oropharynx and oral cavity (T1-T4, M0, N0-N3)...
July 2016: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
Kwanruthai Tadpetch, Benyapa Kaewmee, Kittisak Chantakaew, Kawalee Kantee, Vatcharin Rukachaisirikul, Souwalak Phongpaichit
Zearalenone is a β-resorcylic acid macrolide with various biological activities. Herein we report the synthesis and cytotoxic activities of 34 zearalenone analogues against human oral epidermoid carcinoma (KB) and human breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7) cells as well as noncancerous Vero cells. Some zearalenone analogues showed moderately enhanced cytotoxic activities against the two cancer cell lines. We have discovered the potential lead compounds with diminished or no cytotoxicity to Vero cells. Preliminary structure-activity relationship studies revealed that the double bond at the 1' and 2' positions of zearalenone core was crucial for cytotoxic activities on both cell lines...
August 1, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Yang Yu, Liyan Qiu
Understanding how the size of nanocarriers affects their fate in biological systems in vivo is of fundamental importance for rational design of drug delivery systems. In this study, five docetaxel (DTX)-loaded methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(lactide) micelles of different sizes (30-230nm) were prepared. It was observed that the permeation of micelles within both the multicellular tumor spheroids and tumor xenografts in mice was dependent on the size of the micelle. In addition, the size of micelles influenced their pharmacokinetic behavior...
April 29, 2016: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
T Shintani, S N Z Rosli, F Takatsu, Y F Choon, Y Hayashido, S Toratani, E Usui, T Okamoto
We have previously reported that 1,25(OH)2D3 inhibits NF-κB activity and thus inhibits growth of OSCC cells in serum-free culture and down-regulates HBp17/FGFBP-1 expression, which is important for cancer cell growth and angiogenesis. Here, we have investigated the effects of ED-71, an analog of vitamin D3 (VD) on OSCC cell lines in serum-free culture. It is known that ED-71 has a stronger inhibitory effect on bone resorption compared to VD and other VD analogs. To the best of our knowledge, there was no report examining the potential of ED-71 as an anti-cancer agent for OSCC...
November 2016: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Bo Wu, Ping Yu, Can Cui, Ming Wu, Yang Zhang, Lei Liu, Cai-Xia Wang, Ren-Xi Zhuo, Shi-Wen Huang
The development and evaluation of folate-targeted and reduction-triggered biodegradable nanoparticles are introduced to the research on targeted delivery of doxorubicin (DOX). This type of folate-targeted lipid-polymer hybrid nanoparticles (FLPNPs) is comprised of a poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) core, a soybean lecithin monolayer, a monomethoxy-poly(ethylene glycol)-S-S-hexadecyl (mPEG-S-S-C16) reduction-sensitive shell, and a folic acid-targeted ligand. FLPNPs exhibited high size stability but fast disassembly in a simulated cancer cell reductive environment...
April 2015: Biomaterials Science
Vivian Regina Affonso, José Raphael de Moura Campos Montoro, Luiz Carlos Conti de Freitas, Fabiano Pinto Saggioro, Luiz de Souza, Rui Celso Martins Mamede
INTRODUCTION: Patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity present deficits in their cellular immunity that contribute to neoplastic growth. Thus, the inflammatory activity, such as the immunological response to the tumor, can be used as a prognostic factor. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the correlation between peritumoral inflammation and clinical characteristics of the patients, survival, and the disease-free interval. METHODS: The study sample consisted of a retrospective hospital-based cohort of patients undergoing surgery for resection of oral cavity tumor...
July 2015: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Benetode Konziase
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Garcinia kola is a medicinal plant traditionally used for malaria therapy in Central Africa. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the antimalarial potencies in vitro and in vivo of pure biflavanones from G. kola. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The pure biflavanones were obtained by bioassay-guided fractionation of a 70% ethanol extract of G. kola seeds and their chemical structures were elucidated by comparison of their NMR ((1)H and (13)C) and mass spectral data with those provided in the literature...
August 22, 2015: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Marco Cicciù, Alan Scott Herford, Vecchio Giada Maria, Ennio Bramanti
Muco-epidermoid carcinoma (MEC) is a rare malignant tumor occurring in major and minor salivary glands. The described case shows a patient undergoing tumor resection without neck dissection. A quick diagnosis performed through clinical investigation and incisional biopsy revealed the nature of the tumor. A porcine collagen matrix was applied after the surgery in order to improve soft tissue healing. The matrix was saturated with platelet-derived growth factor type BB in order to favorite healing process and then fixed on the palate with a dental support device...
January 2015: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Shravan Kumar Gunda, Sofia Florence Kongaleti, Mahmood Shaik
Natural flavonoid derivatives against cancer for selective KB cell lines (oral human epidermoid carcinoma) are analysed to determine the relationship between biological activities and structural properties of these molecules. Molecular alignment was performed for 88 natural flavonoid derivatives; out of these 88 molecules, 69 molecules were taken into training set and rest of the 19 molecules were used in test set prediction. We describe our elucidation of their structure activity relation (SAR) using three-dimensional quantitative structure activity relationship (3D-QSAR) models...
2015: International Journal of Computational Biology and Drug Design
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