Read by QxMD icon Read

Trophic electrical stimulation

Habib Bendella, Svenja Rink, Maria Grosheva, Levent Sarikcioglu, Tessa Gordon, Doychin N Angelov
It is well-known that, after nerve transection and surgical repair, misdirected regrowth of regenerating motor axons may occur in three ways. The first way is that the axons enter into endoneurial tubes that they did not previously occupy, regenerate through incorrect fascicles and reinnervate muscles that they did not formerly supply. Consequently the activation of these muscles results in inappropriate movements. The second way is that, in contrast with the precise target-directed pathfinding by elongating motor nerves during embryonic development, several axons rather than a single axon grow out from each transected nerve fiber...
February 2018: Experimental Neurology
David J Aum, Travis S Tierney
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has emerged as a revolutionary treatment option for essential tremor (ET), Parkinson's disease (PD), idiopathic dystonia, and severe obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). This article reviews the historical foundations of DBS including basal ganglia pathophysiological models, classic principles of electrical stimulation, technical components of the DBS system, treatment risks, and future directions for DBS. Chronic high frequency stimulation induces a number of functional changes from fast physiological to slower metabolic effects and ultimately leads to structural reorganization of the brain, so-called neuroplasticity...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
Soon Jung Hwang, Tae Hyung Cho, Beomseok Lee, In Sook Kim
Continuing from our previous study, we hypothesized that combining electrical stimulation (ES) and three-dimensional (3D) culture would be a useful strategy to obtain more bioactive factors in conditioned medium (CM) derived from human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC). Our aim in this study was to investigate the bone-healing capacity of CM derived from hMSC after 4 days of culture on a collagen sponge-exposed (CM-ES) or unexposed (CM-control; CM-CON) to ES in comparison with that of hMSC implantation. A cytokine assay of both CMs revealed the presence of cytokines, growth factors, and trophic factors...
February 2018: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
Michael P Willand, Elyse Rosa, Bernadeta Michalski, Jennifer J Zhang, Tessa Gordon, Margaret Fahnestock, Gregory H Borschel
Despite advances in surgery, patients with nerve injuries frequently have functional deficits. We previously demonstrated in a rat model that daily electrical muscle stimulation (EMS) following peripheral nerve injury and repair enhances reinnervation, detectable as early as two weeks post-injury. In this study, we explain the enhanced early reinnervation observed with electrical stimulation. In two groups of rats, the tibial nerve was transected and immediately repaired. Gastrocnemius muscles were implanted with intramuscular electrodes for sham or muscle stimulation...
October 15, 2016: Neuroscience
Jia Li, Sung Yim, Adam Pacheck, Benjamin Sanchez, Seward B Rutkove
OBJECTIVE: Tools to better evaluate the impact of therapy on nerve and muscle disease are needed. Electrical impedance myography (EIM) is sensitive to neuromuscular disease progression as well as to therapeutic interventions including myostatin inhibition and antisense oligonucleotide-based treatments. Whether the technique identifies the impact of electrical muscle stimulation (EMS) is unknown. METHODS: Ten wild-type (wt) C57B6 mice and 10 dystrophin-deficient (mdx) mice underwent 2 weeks of 20 min/day EMS on left gastrocnemius and sham stimulation on the right gastrocnemius...
2016: PloS One
Xavier d'Anglemont de Tassigny, Alberto Pascual, José López-Barneo
The glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) is a well-established trophic agent for dopaminergic (DA) neurons in vitro and in vivo. GDNF is necessary for maintenance of neuronal morphological and neurochemical phenotype and protects DA neurons from toxic damage. Numerous studies on animal models of Parkinson's disease (PD) have reported beneficial effects of GDNF on nigrostriatal DA neuron survival. However, translation of these observations to the clinical setting has been hampered so far by side effects associated with the chronic continuous intra-striatal infusion of recombinant GDNF...
2015: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
Jean-Pierre Van Buyten, Iris Smet, Liong Liem, Marc Russo, Frank Huygen
BACKGROUND: Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a chronic and progressive pain condition usually involving the extremities and characterized by sensorimotor, vascular, and trophic changes. Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is an effective intervention for this condition, but is hampered by the technical challenges associated with precisely directing stimulation to distal extremities. Dorsal root ganglia (DRG) may be more effective as a physiological target for electrical modulation due to recruitment of the primary sensory neurons that innervate the painful distal anatomical regions...
March 2015: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
Carlo A Ghisalberti, Alberto Morisetti, Alessandro Bestetti, Gaetano Cairo
AIM: To test the growth-promoting activity of the polyamine spermidine bound to various polymeric compounds in supramolecular complexes. METHODS: A thiazolyl blue cell viability assay was used to determine the growth-promoting potency of spermidine-supramolecular complexes in a human skin fibroblast cell line exposed to spermidine and different spermidine-supramolecular complexes that were obtained by combining spermidine and polyanionic polymers or cyclodextrin...
August 26, 2013: World Journal of Biological Chemistry
Odett Kaiser, Gerrit Paasche, Timo Stöver, Stefanie Ernst, Thomas Lenarz, Andrej Kral, Athanasia Warnecke
Activins are regulators of embryogenesis, osteogenesis, hormones and neuronal survival. Even though activin receptor type II has been detected in spiral ganglion neurons (SGN), little is known about the role of activins in the inner ear. An activin-mediated neuroprotection is of considerable clinical interest since SGN are targets of electrical stimulation with cochlear implants in hearing impaired patients. Thus, the presence of activin type-I and type-II receptors was demonstrated immunocytochemically and the individual and combined effects of activin A, erythropoietin (EPO) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) on SGN were examined in vitro...
December 2013: Neuropharmacology
Iu V Tsymbaliuk
The results of surgical treatment of 57 patients, suffering consequences of the sciatic nerve injury, using the system for long-lasting electrostimulation "Naysi 3M", were presented. The domestically manufactured system is individual and gives possibility to conduct the direct electrostimulation procedures in the home conditions, several times a day, for a long time. Positive results, consisting of the various degree enhancement of the lower extremities movements volume and strength, the sensitivity restoration and the pain severity reduction or disappearance, were achieved in 46 (81%) patients...
April 2013: Klinichna Khirurhiia
Patricia A Leake, Olga Stakhovskaya, Alexander Hetherington, Stephen J Rebscher, Ben Bonham
Both neurotrophic support and neural activity are required for normal postnatal development and survival of cochlear spiral ganglion (SG) neurons. Previous studies in neonatally deafened cats demonstrated that electrical stimulation (ES) from a cochlear implant can promote improved SG survival but does not completely prevent progressive neural degeneration. Neurotrophic agents combined with an implant may further improve neural survival. Short-term studies in rodents have shown that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) promotes SG survival after deafness and may be additive to trophic effects of stimulation...
April 2013: Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology: JARO
Neus Garcia, Manel M Santafé, Marta Tomàs, Mercedes Priego, Teresa Obis, Maria A Lanuza, Nuria Besalduch, Josep Tomàs
It has been shown that ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) has trophic and maintenance effects on several types of peripheral and central neurons, glia, and cells outside the nervous system. Both CNTF and its receptor, CNTF-Rα, are expressed in the muscle. We use confocal immunocytochemistry to show that the trophic cytokine and its receptor are present in the pre- and post-synaptic sites of the neuromuscular junctions (NMJs). Applied CNTF (7.5-200 ng/ml, 60 min-3 h) does not acutely affect spontaneous potentials (size or frequency) or quantal content of the evoked acetylcholine release from post-natal (in weak or strong axonal inputs on dually innervated end plates or in the most mature singly innervated synapses at P6) or adult (P30) NMJ of Levator auris longus muscle of the mice...
September 2012: Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System: JPNS
Melissa M Carballosa Gonzalez, Meghan O Blaya, Ofelia F Alonso, Helen M Bramlett, Ian D Hentall
The midbrain median raphe (MR) and dorsal raphe (DR) nuclei were tested for their capacity to regulate recovery from traumatic brain injury (TBI). An implanted, wireless self-powered stimulator delivered intermittent 8-Hz pulse trains for 7 days to the rat's MR or DR, beginning 4-6 h after a moderate parasagittal (right) fluid-percussion injury. MR stimulation was also examined with a higher frequency (24 Hz) or a delayed start (7 days after injury). Controls had sham injuries, inactive stimulators, or both...
January 15, 2013: Journal of Neurotrauma
Cristiano Spadaccio, Alberto Rainer, Federico De Marco, Mario Lusini, Paolo Gallo, Pietro Sedati, Andrea Onetti Muda, Stefano De Porcellinis, Chiara Gregorj, Giuseppe Avvisati, Marcella Trombetta, Massimo Chello, Elvio Covino, David A Bull, Amit N Patel, Jorge A Genovese
Electrostimulation represents a well-known trophic factor for different tissues. In vitro electrostimulation of non-stem and stem cells induces myogenic predifferentiation and may be a powerful tool to generate cells with the capacity to respond to local areas of injury. We evaluated the effects of in vivo electrostimulation on infarcted myocardium using a miniaturized multiparameter implantable stimulator in rats. Parameters of electrostimulation were organized to avoid a direct driving or pacing of native heart rhythm...
2013: Cell Transplantation
Kevin G Bath, Deqiang Q Jing, Iva Dincheva, Christine C Neeb, Siobhan S Pattwell, Moses V Chao, Francis S Lee, Ipe Ninan
Recently, a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene (BDNF Val66Met) has been linked to the development of multiple forms of neuropsychiatric illness. This SNP, when genetically introduced into mice, recapitulates core phenotypes identified in human BDNF Val66Met carriers. In mice, this SNP also leads to elevated expression of anxiety-like behaviors that are not rescued with the prototypic selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), fluoxetine. A prominent hypothesis is that SSRI-induced augmentation of BDNF protein expression and the beneficial trophic effects of BDNF on neural plasticity are critical components for drug response...
April 2012: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Jennifer A Chikar, Jeffrey L Hendricks, Sarah M Richardson-Burns, Yehoash Raphael, Bryan E Pfingst, David C Martin
Cochlear implants provide hearing by electrically stimulating the auditory nerve. Implant function can be hindered by device design variables, including electrode size and electrode-to-nerve distance, and cochlear environment variables, including the degeneration of the auditory nerve following hair cell loss. We have developed a dual-component cochlear implant coating to improve both the electrical function of the implant and the biological stability of the inner ear, thereby facilitating the long-term perception of sound through a cochlear implant...
March 2012: Biomaterials
Andre Saad, Raelene Knolla, Kamal Gupta
Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) (previously reflex sympathetic dystrophy) is a chronic pain condition usually resulting as a consequence of trauma or surgery. Though described occasionally after vascular surgery, it is distinctly rare after percutaneous cardiovascular procedures. We report a case of CRPS following trans- femoral catheterization-related groin pseudoaneurysm. To our knowledge, this is the first such report following transfemoral catheterization. A 36-year-old female underwent an electrophysiological study and AV node re-entry tachycardia ablation using the left femoral vein approach...
November 2011: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
M Zarbin, C Montemagno, J Leary, R Ritch
A number treatment options are emerging for patients with retinal degenerative disease, including gene therapy, trophic factor therapy, visual cycle inhibitors (e.g., for patients with Stargardt disease and allied conditions), and cell transplantation. A radically different approach, which will augment but not replace these options, is termed neural prosthetics ("artificial vision"). Although rewiring of inner retinal circuits and inner retinal neuronal degeneration occur in association with photoreceptor degeneration in retinitis pigmentosa (RP), it is possible to create visually useful percepts by stimulating retinal ganglion cells electrically...
September 2011: Panminerva Medica
Julie A Mocko, Moon Kim, Amanda E Faulkner, Yang Cao, Vincent T Ciavatta, Machelle T Pardue
PURPOSE: Subretinal electrical stimulation (SES) from microphotodiode arrays protects photoreceptors in the RCS rat model of retinitis pigmentosa. The authors examined whether mer(kd) mice, which share a Mertk mutation with RCS rats, showed similar neuroprotective effects from SES. METHODS: Mer(kd) mice were implanted with a microphotodiode array at postnatal day (P) 14. Weekly electroretinograms (ERGs) followed by retinal histology at week 4 were compared with those of age-matched controls...
June 13, 2011: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Emmanouil Skouras, Umut Ozsoy, Levent Sarikcioglu, Doychin N Angelov
Insufficient recovery after peripheral nerve injury has been attributed to (i) poor pathfinding of regrowing axons, (ii) excessive collateral axonal branching at the lesion site and (iii) polyneuronal innervation of the neuromuscular junctions (NMJ). The facial nerve transection model has been used initially to measure restoration of function after varying therapies and to examine the mechanisms underlying their effects. Since it is very difficult to control the navigation of several thousand axons, efforts concentrated on collateral branching and NMJ-polyinnervation...
July 2011: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"