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Dorian Yarih Garcia-Ortega, Antonio Gomez-Pedraza, Kuauhyama Luna-Ortiz
INTRODUCTION: Parapharyngeal space tumors are a small percentage of all head and neck neoplasms. Due to their anatomic location, they represent a therapeutic challenge. To our knowledge, 11 cases of parapharyngeal lipomatous tumors have been reported in the literature. CASE: A 48 year old male with chief complaints of dyspnea, dysphagia and dysphonia was found to have a parapharyngeal space tumor. He was scheduled to undergo lumpectomy and neck exploration. DISCUSSION: Benign tumors represented 70% of all cases...
2015: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Ana Carolina Ramos de Nápolis, Flavia Araujo Alves, Erica Rodrigues Mariano de Almeida Rezende, Gesmar Rodrigues Silva Segundo
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical picture, test results, and clinical evolution of patients with cerebral palsy associated with diagnosis of eosinophilic esophagitis, monitored at tertiary centre. METHODS: Cross-sectional, retrospective and descriptive study that evaluated the medical records data of pediatric patients with diagnosis of cerebral palsy and eosinophilic esophagitis in a tertiary center of pediatric gastroenterology between August 2005 and August 2013...
April 2015: Einstein
Mercè Planas Vilà
The central nervous system regulates food intake, homoeostasis of glucose and electrolytes, and starts the sensations of hunger and satiety. Different nutritional factors are involved in the pathogenesis of several neurological diseases. Patients with acute neurological diseases (traumatic brain injury, cerebral vascular accident hemorrhagic or ischemic, spinal cord injuries, and cancer) and chronic neurological diseases (Alzheimer's Disease and other dementias, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Parkinson's Disease) increase the risk of malnutrition by multiple factors related to nutrient ingestion, abnormalities in the energy expenditure, changes in eating behavior, gastrointestinal changes, and by side effects of drugs administered...
2014: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Denise Hack Nicaretta, Ana Lucia Rosso, James Pitágoras de Mattos, Carmelindo Maliska, Milton M B Costa
CONTEXT: Dysphagia and sialorrhea in patients with Parkinson's disease are both automatically accepted as dependent on this neurological disease. OBJECTIVE: The aim were to establish if these two complaints are a consequence or associated manifestations of Parkinson's disease. METHOD: Two Parkinson's diseases groups from the same outpatients' population were studied. Patients in the first group, with dysphagia, were studied by videofluoroscopy...
January 2013: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
E G Moura, D S Couto-Júnior, H Alvarado-Escobar, B da Costa-Martins, R A Sallum, E L Artifon, P Sakai
Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) is a rare auto-immune dermatologic disease, produced by auto-antibodies against colagen VII. We report a 44 years old male patient with EBA diagnosed 15 years before, who presented with progressive disphagia, being diagnosed an esophageal involvement of EBA. The patient was submitted to endoscopic treatment with thermoplastic bougie dilation and intralesional corticosteroid injection. The patient improved clinically with recovery of nutritional status. Esophageal involvement in EBA is very rare and its reason is still unknown...
July 2011: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
A Dumitra, A Sabău, D Maniu, F Grosu, G Smarandache, E Ursache, L Negrean, M Sava, D Sabău
INTRODUCTION: The esophageal neoplasm is currently the seventh cause of death through cancer worlwide. In the developing countries it is situated on the fifth place and has one of the worst prognostics for a neoplasm. Due to the specifical intratoracical topography, clinically inaccesible and without symptoms, the disease is rather incurable when the disphagia appears. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The esophageal prosthesis procedure through laparogastroscopical approach, used by us, is an original one, noninvasive, acknowledged both nationally and internationally...
May 2011: Chirurgia
Seiko Doi, Akiko Iwai, Saori Mito, Tsukasa Utsumi, Keiji Shinoki, Chisako Nakashita, Akiko Hata, Takeshi Ibata, Ryutaro Komuro, Andshohei Iijima
Dysphagia is usually a major problem for the elderly to go home after a surgical treatment for the bone fracture of the thigh bone cervix or trochanter part in the leg. We analyzed each clinical course with regard to a change of the oral intake and the nutritional status, the activity of daily living(ADL)and a nutritional management and the place after the patient was discharged. According to our results, about 20% of the patients among those surgical cases were pointed with dysphagia, and there were many cases that ADL was ultimately gotten worse...
December 2010: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
D Yilmaz, B Karapinar, C Balkan, Y Ay, K Kavakli
Central pontine myelinolysis (CPM) is a demyelinating disease of the pons often associated with the demyelination of extrapontine areas of the central nervous system. It typically occurs 0.5-7 days after a rapid increment in serum Na level in hyponatremic patients and may lead to death. A 2.5-year-old child with a diagnosis of acute myeloblastic leukemia developed febril neutropenia, diarrhea, gastrointestinal hemorrhage followed by pulmonary aspergillosis. He could not tolerate enteral nutrition. He was given broad spectrum antibiotics and antifungal treatment...
February 2011: Minerva Pediatrica
Catiuscia S S Greco, Luiz G Q Nunes, Pedro L Melo
Disordered swallowing, or dysphagia, is a common problem seen in patients undergoing treatment for cancer, stroke and neurodegenerative illnesses. This disease is associated with aspiration-induced chest infections. The methods currently used for diagnosis, however, are qualitative or based on expensive equipment. Swallowing accelerometry is a promising low-cost, quantitative and noninvasive tool for the evaluation of swallowing. This work describes the design and application of a bedside instrument able to evaluate swallowing mechanisms and to identify patients at risk of aspiration...
2010: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Carlos Martins, Paulo Almeida, Orlanda Castelobranco, Madalena Romero, Gonçalo Cabral, A Dinis da Gama
The authors report a series of 26 consecutive patients, 20 men and 6 women, age range 47-80 years, average age of 66 years, who underwent conventional surgery for the treatment of carotid reestenosis. The surgical management consisted in the resection of a segment of the common carotid-internal carotid arteries and interposition of a prosthetic graft, followed by ligation of the external carotid, in 3 patients; in the remainder 23 cases a venous bypass graft was interposed from the common carotid to the internal carotid artery, above the lesion, with preservation of the external carotid artery flow and ligation of the internal carotid, just below the anastomosis...
January 2010: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
Dj Z Saranović, A Djurić-Stefanović, A M Ivanović, D M Masulović, Lj R Lazić, Z R Marković, P M Pesko
INTRODUCTION: During palliative treatment of malignant disphagia in inoperabile patients various and serious complications may occur and compromite the method of treatment if there were not solved. AIM: Goal is to present the most frequent complications due to esophageal stenting and the way of their solving. MATERIALS AND METHOD: From 1996. to 2009. in 237 patients (164 esophageal carcinoma, 33 carcinoma of the esophagogastric junction, 14 bronchial carcinoma, 7 esophagojejunal anastomosis, 9 esophageal fistulas) 245 stents have been placed (54 uncovered and 191 covered)...
2009: Acta Chirurgica Iugoslavica
Massimo Politi, Corrado Toro, Giulia Tenani
Patients with pharyngodynia and neck pain symptoms can lead to an extensive differential diagnosis. Eagle's syndrome must be taken in account. Eagle defined "stylalgia" as an autonomous entity related to abnormal length of the styloid process or to mineralization of the stylohyoid ligament complex. The stylohyoid complex derives from Reichert's cartilage of the second branchial arch. The styloyd process is an elongated conical projection of the temporal bone that lies anteriorly to the mastoid process. The incidence of Eagle's syndrome varies among population...
2009: International Journal of Dentistry
Hugo Braga-Tavares, Andreia Teles, Rosete Nogueira, Fernando Cardoso Rodrigues, Cristina Costa
INTRODUCTION: Eosinophilic Esophagitis has been increasingly diagnosed and results from a chronic esophagic inflammation with eosinophilic infiltrate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Evaluation of the diagnosed paediatric cases in our centre between 2004 and 2008 and revision of current literature on this subject. RESULTS: Four caucasian boys, aged eight to fifteen years old, were diagnosed with Eosinophilic Esophagitis. They presented with disphagia and food impaction and endoscopic findings included multiple concentric rings (pseudo-trachea pattern) and friable mucosa...
September 2009: Acta Médica Portuguesa
Elisa Rossi, Salvatore Grisanti, Vincenzo Villanacci, Domenico Della Casa, Paolo Cengia, Guido Missale, Luigi Minelli, Michela Buglione, Renzo Cestari, Gabrio Bassotti
Barrett's oesophagus (BO) is the primary precursor lesion for oesophageal adenocarcinoma (ADC). The natural history of metaplasia-dysplasia-carcinoma sequence remains largely unknown. HER2/neu oncogene results overexpressed/amplified in preneoplastic lesions and in ADC of the oesophagus and it has been associated with poor prognosis. Our aim was to evaluate the role of HER2 overexpression/amplification in predicting the conversion from precursor lesions to ADC. We retrospectively evaluated by univariate analysis of single variables clinical records and histological specimens of 21 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of BO and/or oesophageal dysplasia...
September 2009: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Bulent Bakar
OBJECTIVE: Jugular foramen schwannomas are uncommon pathological conditions. This article is constituted for screening these tumors in a wide perspective. MATERIALS: One-hundred-and-ninty-nine patients published in 19 articles between 1984 to 2007 years was collected from Medline/Index Medicus. RESULTS: The series consist of 83 male and 98 female. The mean age of 199 operated patients was 40.4 years. The lesion located on the right side in 32 patients and on the left side in 60 patients...
November 2008: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Ricardo Ferreira, Javier Gallego, J Roque, R A Pereira, M Mendes, A Nobre, J Cravino
We report the case of a young female with disphagia and weigth loss caused by a vascular ring associated with right aortic arch, Kommerell diverticula, and left retroesophageal ligamentum arteriosum (ductus arteriosus). The patient underwent surgical treatment. A left thoracotomy was performed. Surgical technique included diverticulum ressection and an aortopexia. There were no major complications. We also discuss the incidence, pathology, diagnosis, clinical features and treatment of this rare disease.
July 2008: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
N Gabrovski, K Uzunov, S Gabrovski, E Krŭstev, G Pontodorov, S Kondov, M Laleva
INTRODUCTION: We report a case of a 52-years old women with Paget's disease. A secondary symptomatic basilar impression was observed, causing quadriparesis, bulbar palsy and ataxia CLINICAL PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 52-year old woman with history of/periodic headache. In the last 6 months the complaints became more intensive and continuous. Additionally quadriparesis, disphagia, hoarsness and gait instability occurred. A cranial form of Paget's disease was found and a secondary basilar impression with compression of the cerebellum and brain stem was proven...
2006: Khirurgiia
A Tonev, T Zakhariev
UNLABELLED: Carotid body tumor is rare neoplasm (about 0,5 per cent of all tumors).[28]. The tumor arise from paraganglionic cells of carotid body, which develops from both mesodermal elements of the third branchial arch and neural elements originating from the neural crest ectoderm.[25]. Mathews warned: "this rare tumor presents unusual difficulties to the surgeon, and should one encounter it without having suspected the diagnosis, the experience will not soon be forgotten".[19]. The aim of this retrospective study is to investigate the frequency, number of spreading and results from the treatment in patients with carotid bodies tumors...
2007: Khirurgiia
M Ravini, M Torre, G Zanasi, M Vanini, M Camozzi
We report a case of leiomyosarcoma of the distal third of the esophagus in a 51-year-old woman presenting with a six-month history of severe epigastric pain, disphagia and weight loss. The diagnosis, suspected on endoscopic examination, was preoperatively acheived by biopsy and immunohistological stain. Surgical treatment was undertaken with good results. Differentiation between leiomyosarcoma and more common esophageal neoplasm may be difficult if based on radiographic and endoscopic appearance. Preoperative histological confirmation is therefore mandatory to schedule a wide surgical excision...
1998: Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy
Ana Rocha-Ruiz, Constanza Beltrán, Paul R Harris, Pilar Orellana, Cristián García, Alejandro Martínez-Aguayo
We report an 11 year-old boy who presented with difficulty in swallowing without symptoms of hypothyroidism. The physical examination revealed a mass at the base of the tongue. The thyroid hormone profile showed a primary hypothyroidism (a serum TSH of 10.8 IU/mL with normal-low thyroxin of 6.0 microg/dL and low triiodothyronine of 57.8 ng/dL). Antithyroid antibodies were negative. The fiberoptic endoscopy showed a reddish mass, without evidence of haemorrhage or ulceration, confirmed as a well circumscribed, hypodense mass in the base of the tongue by computed tomography of the oropharynx and neck...
January 2008: Revista Médica de Chile
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