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streptococcus mitis+pneumonia

Chao Song, Hongdong Li, Yunhui Zhang, Jialin Yu
BACKGROUND: Our previous research on the diversity of microbiota in the endotracheal tubes (ETTs) of neonates in the neonatal intensive care unit found that Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) and Streptococcus mitis (S. mitis) were the dominant bacteria on the ETT surface and the existence of S. mitis could promote biofilm formation and pathogenicity of P. aeruginosa. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), which has been widely detected on the surface of airway epithelial cells, is the important component of the innate immune system...
April 4, 2017: BMC Microbiology
Mark van der Linden, Julia Otten, Carina Bergmann, Cristina Latorre, Josefina Liñares, Regine Hakenbeck
Speciation of commensal streptococci is an everlasting problem due to their ability for genetic transformation. A new challenge in this respect is the recently described S. pseudopneumoniae as a new species, distinguished from closely related pathogenic S. pneumoniae and commensal S. mitis by a variety of physiological and molecular biological tests. Fortyone atypical S. pneumoniae have been collected at the National Reference Center for Streptococci (NRSG) in Germany. MLST analysis confirmed the species S...
February 13, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Robert Wilson, Jonathan M Cohen, Mark Reglinski, Ricardo J Jose, Win Yan Chan, Helina Marshall, Corné de Vogel, Stephen Gordon, David Goldblatt, Fernanda C Petersen, Helen Baxendale, Jeremy S Brown
Naturally acquired immunity against invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) is thought to be dependent on anti-capsular antibody. However nasopharyngeal colonisation by Streptococcus pneumoniae also induces antibody to protein antigens that could be protective. We have used human intravenous immunoglobulin preparation (IVIG), representing natural IgG responses to S. pneumoniae, to identify the classes of antigens that are functionally relevant for immunity to IPD. IgG in IVIG recognised capsular antigen and multiple S...
January 2017: PLoS Pathogens
W-T Fan, T-T Qin, R-R Bi, H-Q Kang, P Ma, B Gu
Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) has been developed as a new type of soft ionization mass spectrometry in recent years. An increasing number of clinical microbiological laboratories consider it as an innovative approach for bacterial identification. This study was undertaken in order to evaluate the use of MALDI-TOF MS for rapid identification of the clinical streptococci. A systematic review was conducted based on a literature search of the Medline and Embase databases...
January 23, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Rahajeng N Tunjungputri, Fredrick M Mobegi, Amelieke J Cremers, Christa E van der Gaast-de Jongh, Gerben Ferwerda, Jacques F Meis, Nel Roeleveld, Stephen D Bentley, Alexander S Pastura, Sacha A F T van Hijum, Andre J van der Ven, Quirijn de Mast, Aldert Zomer, Marien I de Jonge
To improve our understanding about the severity of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD), we investigated the association between the genotype of Streptococcus pneumoniae and disease outcomes for 349 bacteremic patients. A pneumococcal genome-wide association study (GWAS) demonstrated a strong correlation between 30-day mortality and the presence of the phage-derived gene pblB, encoding a platelet-binding protein whose effects on platelet activation were previously unknown. Platelets are increasingly recognized as key players of the innate immune system, and in sepsis, excessive platelet activation contributes to microvascular obstruction, tissue hypoperfusion, and finally multiorgan failure, leading to mortality...
January 17, 2017: MBio
Carlos E C Matajira, Luisa Z Moreno, Vasco T M Gomes, Ana Paula S Silva, Renan E Mesquita, Daniela S Doto, Franco F Calderaro, Fernando N de Souza, Ana Paula G Christ, Maria Inês Z Sato, Andrea M Moreno
Traditional microbiological methods enable genus-level identification of Streptococcus spp. isolates. However, as the species of this genus show broad phenotypic variation, species-level identification or even differentiation within the genus is difficult. Herein we report the evaluation of protein spectra cluster analysis for the identification of Streptococcus species associated with disease in swine by means of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). A total of 250 S...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Inka Harju, Christoph Lange, Markus Kostrzewa, Thomas Maier, Kaisu Rantakokko-Jalava, Marjo Haanperä
Reliable distinction of Streptococcus pneumoniae and viridans group streptococci is important because of the different pathogenic properties of these organisms. Differentiation between S. pneumoniae and closely related Sreptococcusmitis species group streptococci has always been challenging, even when using such modern methods as 16S rRNA gene sequencing or matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry. In this study, a novel algorithm combined with an enhanced database was evaluated for differentiation between S...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Uffe B Skov Sørensen, Kaihu Yao, Yonghong Yang, Hervé Tettelin, Mogens Kilian
Expression of a capsular polysaccharide is considered a hallmark of most invasive species of bacteria, including Streptococcus pneumoniae, in which the capsule is among the principal virulence factors and is the basis for successful vaccines. Consequently, it was previously assumed that capsule production distinguishes S. pneumoniae from closely related commensals of the mitis group streptococci. Based on antigenic and genetic analyses of 187 mitis group streptococci, including 90 recognized serotypes of S...
November 15, 2016: MBio
Gabriela Salvadori, Roger Junges, Rabia Khan, Heidi A Åmdal, Donald A Morrison, Fernanda C Petersen
The discovery that Streptococcus pneumoniae uses a competence-stimulating peptide (CSP) to induce competence for natural transformation, and that other species of the mitis and the anginosus streptococcal groups use a similar system, has expanded the tools to explore gene function and regulatory pathways in streptococci. Two other classes of pheromones have been discovered since then, comprising the bacteriocin-inducing peptide class found in Streptococcus mutans (also named CSP, although different from the former) and the SigX-inducing peptides (XIP), in the mutans, salivarius, bovis, and pyogenes groups of streptococci...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Shoko Merrit Yamada, Yusuke Tomita, Tomotsugu Yamaguchi, Toshiaki Matsuki
BACKGROUND: Micafungin and caspofungin, which are both echinocandins, elicit their antifungal effects by suppressing the synthesis of β-D-glucan, an essential component of fungal cell walls. If micafungin is not effective against a fungal infection, is it unreasonable to switch to caspofungin? CASE PRESENTATION: An 80-year-old Asian man presented to our hospital with brain and lung abscesses. Klebsiella pneumonia and Escherichia coli were identified by sputa culture and Streptococcus mitis was identified in the brain abscess culture obtained by drainage surgery...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
David N Ku, Sarah K Ku, Beth Helfman, Nael A McCarty, Bernard J Wolff, Jonas M Winchell, Larry J Anderson
Background: Identifying lung pathogens and acute spikes in lung counts remain a challenge in the treatment of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Bacteria from the deep lung may be sampled from aerosols produced during coughing. Methods: A new device was used to collect and measure bacteria levels from cough aerosols of patients with CF. Sputum and oral specimens were also collected and measured for comparison. Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Streptococcus mitis were detected in specimens using Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) molecular assays...
2016: F1000Research
Anders Jensen, Christian F P Scholz, Mogens Kilian
The Mitis group of the genus Streptococcus currently comprises 20 species with validly published names, including the pathogen S. pneumoniae. They have been the subject of much taxonomic confusion, due to phenotypic overlap and genetic heterogeneity, which has hampered a full appreciation of their clinical significance. The purpose of this study was to critically re-examine the taxonomy of the Mitis group using 195 publicly available genomes, including designated type strains for phylogenetic analyses based on core genomes, multilocus sequences and 16S rRNA gene sequences, combined with estimates of average nucleotide identity (ANI) and in silico and in vitro analyses of specific phenotypic characteristics...
November 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Blas Blázquez, Alba Fresco-Taboada, Manuel Iglesias-Bexiga, Margarita Menéndez, Pedro García
The emergence and spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria is pushing the need of alternative treatments. In this context, phage therapy is already a reality to successfully fight certain multiresistant bacteria. Among different phage gene products, murein hydrolases responsible of phage progeny liberation (also called lysins or endolysins) are weapons that target specific peptidoglycan bonds, leading to lysis and death of susceptible bacteria when added from the outside. In the pneumococcal system, all but one phage murein hydrolases reported to date share a choline-binding domain that recognizes cell walls containing choline residues in the (lipo)teichoic acids...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Jun Hirai, Daisuke Sakanashi, Mao Hagihara, Shusaku Haranaga, Kohei Uechi, Hideo Kato, Hiroyuki Hamada, Naoya Nishiyama, Yusuke Koizumi, Hiroyuki Suematsu, Yuka Yamagishi, Jiro Fujita, Hiroshige Mikamo
Gene sequence analysis methods, including 16S rRNA identification, allows accurate identification of Streptococcus species, which include phenotypically closely related species that are difficult to differentiate using conventional chemical methods. We report a case of bacteremia due to Streptococcus tigurinus, identified by 16S rRNA, in a 72-year-old woman with gastrointestinal cancer and ascites. She was hospitalized to undergo elective tumor-related surgery. Five days prior to undergoing surgery, she developed a fever with no obvious source of infection...
November 2016: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
K E B van Veen, M C Brouwer, A van der Ende, D van de Beek
We performed a nationwide prospective cohort study on the epidemiology and clinical features of community-acquired bacterial meningitis. Patients with a medical history of autologous or allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) were identified from the cohort performed from March 2006 to October 2014. Fourteen of 1449 episodes (1.0%) of bacterial meningitis occurred in patients with a history of HSCT. The incidence of bacterial meningitis in HSCT recipients was 40.4 per 100 000 patients per year (95% confidence interval (CI) 23...
July 4, 2016: Bone Marrow Transplantation
Irene Burckhardt, Jessica Panitz, Mark van der Linden, Stefan Zimmermann
Streptococcus pneumoniae is a rare cause of urinary tract infection. Between January 2010 and December 2014, 26 urine samples from 18 different patients contained S. pneumoniae at the Department for Infectious Diseases, University Hospital of Heidelberg. Patient age varied between three and 72 years. 13 patients were male and five were female. Past medical histories of 16 patients were available. Eight patients had a past medical history of renal transplant and four patients had other renal dysfunctions. Further analyses of the isolates revealed that the aspect of colonies is more resembling S...
September 2016: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Dalia Denapaite, Martin Rieger, Sophie Köndgen, Reinhold Brückner, Irma Ochigava, Peter Kappeler, Kerstin Mätz-Rensing, Fabian Leendertz, Regine Hakenbeck
Viridans streptococci were obtained from primates (great apes, rhesus monkeys, and ring-tailed lemurs) held in captivity, as well as from free-living animals (chimpanzees and lemurs) for whom contact with humans is highly restricted. Isolates represented a variety of viridans streptococci, including unknown species. Streptococcus oralis was frequently isolated from samples from great apes. Genotypic methods revealed that most of the strains clustered on separate lineages outside the main cluster of human S...
March 2016: MSphere
P Seng, M Vernier, A Gay, P-O Pinelli, R Legré, A Stein
Streptococcal bone and joint infections are less common than staphylococcal cases. Few studies have reported the cases with well-identified Streptococcus species. Their clinical features and prognosis are not clearly known to date. Moreover, no treatment regimen has yet been clarified. We reviewed the streptococcal bone and joint infection cases managed in our centres from January 2009 to December 2013. We described the epidemiology, clinical and microbiologic characteristics, treatment approach and outcome...
July 2016: New Microbes and New Infections
Alexandra S Simões, Débora A Tavares, Dora Rolo, Carmen Ardanuy, Herman Goossens, Birgitta Henriques-Normark, Josefina Linares, Hermínia de Lencastre, Raquel Sá-Leão
During surveillance studies we detected, among over 1500 presumptive pneumococci, 11 isolates displaying conflicting or novel results when characterized by widely accepted phenotypic (optochin susceptibility and bile solubility) and genotypic (lytA-BsaAI-RFLP and MLST) identification methods. We aimed to determine the genetic basis for the unexpected results given by lytA-BsaAI-RFLP and investigate the accuracy of the WHO recommended lytA real-time PCR assay to classify these 11 isolates. Three novel lytA-BsaAI-RFLP signatures were found (one in pneumococcus and two in S...
June 2016: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Joffrey van Prehn, Suzanne Q van Veen, Jacqueline J G Schelfaut, Els Wessels
We compared the Vitek MS and Microflex MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry platform for species differentiation within the Streptococcus mitis group with PCR assays targeted at lytA, Spn9802, and recA as reference standard. The Vitek MS correctly identified 10/11 Streptococcus pneumoniae, 13/13 Streptococcus pseudopneumoniae, and 12/13 S. mitis/oralis. The Microflex correctly identified 9/11 S. pneumoniae, 0/13 S. pseudopneumoniae, and 13/13 S. mitis/oralis. MALDI-TOF is a powerful tool for species determination within the mitis group...
May 2016: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
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