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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329755/detection-of-xisco-gene-for-identification-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae-isolates
#1
Francisco Salvà-Serra, Gwendolyn Connolly, Edward R B Moore, Lucia Gonzales-Siles
We describe a PCR-assay differentiating Streptococcus pneumoniae from closely-related species of the Mitis group of the genus Streptococcus and identification of pneumococcus clinical isolates, based on the "Xisco" gene discriminatory marker. The complete "Xisco" gene sequence was observed in all S. pneumoniae genomes analyzed and absent in all non-pneumococcus genomes.
December 15, 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323823/atrioesophageal-fistula-a-rare-complication-of-radiofrequency-ablation
#2
Inbar Saporta, Adithya Chennamadhavuni, Michael J Dolan
75-year-old woman was admitted with fever, chills, altered mentation, and right-sided weakness. A month earlier, she had undergone catheter radiofrequency ablation for treatment of chronic atrial fibrillation. A magnetic resonance imaging scan of her brain revealed septic emboli with multiple bilateral cerebral and cerebellar infarcts, as well as extensive bilateral leptomeningeal enhancement. Blood cultures were positive for Streptococcus mitis, Rothia mucilaginosa, Streptococcus pneumonia, and Candida albicans, which suggested a connection between gastrointestinal and cardiovascular systems...
June 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195053/pbp2a-in-%C3%AE-lactam-resistant-laboratory-mutants-and-clinical-isolates-disruption-versus-reduced-penicillin-affinity
#3
Mark van der Linden, Jens Rutschmann, Patrick Maurer, Regine Hakenbeck
Alterations in PBP2a have been recognized in cefotaxime-resistant laboratory mutants and β-lactam-resistant clinical isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae. DNA sequencing revealed fundamental differences between these two settings. Internal stop codons in pbp2a occurred in all three laboratory mutants analyzed, caused by a mutation in pbp2a of mutant C604, and tandem duplications within pbp2a resulting in premature stop codons in another two mutants C403 and C406. In contrast, mosaic PBP2a genes were observed in several penicillin-resistant clinical isolates from South Africa, the Czech Republic, Hungary, and in the clone Poland23F-16, with sequence blocks diverging from sensitive strains by over 4%...
December 1, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971878/diversity-of-mosaic-pbp2x-families-of-penicillin-resistant-streptococcus-pneumoniae-from-iran-and-romania
#4
Seyed Fazlollah Mousavi, Marina Pana, Mohammad Feizabadi, Pantea Jalali, Maria Ghita, Dalia Denapaite, Regine Hakenbeck
High rates of penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae occur in Romania and the Iran. The mosaic structure of PBP2x was investigated in nine Iranian strains and in 15 strains from Romania to understand their evolutionary history. Mutations potentially important for β-lactam resistance were identified by comparison with related PBP2x of penicillin-sensitive reference S. mitis strains. Two main PBP2x mosaic gene families were recognized. Eight Iranian strains belonged to group 1 PBP2x with a mosaic block highly related to PBP2x of the clone Spain(23F)-1 which is widespread among international penicillin-resistant S...
October 2, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931649/sequencing-of-the-variable-region-of-rpsb-to-discriminate-between-streptococcus-pneumoniae-and-other-streptococcal-species
#5
Anne L Wyllie, Yvonne Pannekoek, Sandra Bovenkerk, Jody van Engelsdorp Gastelaars, Bart Ferwerda, Diederik van de Beek, Elisabeth A M Sanders, Krzysztof Trzciński, Arie van der Ende
The vast majority of streptococci colonizing the human upper respiratory tract are commensals, only sporadically implicated in disease. Of these, the most pathogenic is Mitis group member, Streptococcus pneumoniae Phenotypic and genetic similarities between streptococci can cause difficulties in species identification. Using ribosomal S2-gene sequences extracted from whole-genome sequences published from 501 streptococci, we developed a method to identify streptococcal species. We validated this method on non-pneumococcal isolates cultured from cases of severe streptococcal disease (n = 101) and from carriage (n = 103), and on non-typeable pneumococci from asymptomatic individuals (n = 17) and on whole-genome sequences of 1157 pneumococcal isolates from meningitis in the Netherlands...
September 2017: Open Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769078/assessment-of-a-novel-bile-solubility-test-and-maldi-tof-for-the-differentiation-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae-from-other-mitis-group-streptococci
#6
Hans-Christian Slotved, Richard R Facklam, Kurt Fuursted
This study assesses a novel bile solubility test and MALDI-TOF for the differentiation of Streptococcus pneumoniae from other mitis group streptococci, including differentiation of S. pneumoniae from Streptococcus pseudopneumoniae. Eighty-four species verified mitis group isolates were subjected to our bile solubility test (which measures and calculates the differences of absorbance in the test tube containing 10% sodium deoxycholate versus a blank control tube, after incubation for 10 minutes at 36 °C using a spectrophotometer) and MALDI-TOF MS (both the standard result output and by visual spectra evaluation)...
August 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729954/clinical-streptococcal-isolates-distinct-from-streptococcus-pneumoniae-but-containing-the-%C3%AE-glucosyltransferase-tts-gene-and-expressing-serotype-37-capsular-polysaccharide
#7
Carmen L Sheppard, Georgia Kapatai, Karen Broughton, Ulf Schaefer, Matthew Hannah, David J Litt, Norman K Fry
The major virulence factor of the pneumococcus, and target for conjugate vaccines, is the polysaccharide capsule, which is usually encoded by the highly variable cps locus. Serotype 37 is an unusual pneumococcal type in which the single β-glucosyltransferase gene responsible for serotype capsule production (tts) is located outside of the capsular operon region. Using a previously described automated whole genome sequence (WGS)-based serotyping bioinformatics tool, PneumoCaT, we identified and investigated seven clinical isolates (three from blood cultures) of non-pneumococcal streptococci containing a highly homologous tts and included them in a study panel of 20 isolates which included a 11 further clinical isolates of S...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596991/long-persistence-of-a-streptococcus-pneumoniae-23f-clone-in-a-cystic-fibrosis-patient
#8
Martin Rieger, Harald Mauch, Regine Hakenbeck
Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates of serotype 23F with intermediate penicillin resistance were recovered on seven occasions over a period of 37 months from a cystic fibrosis patient in Berlin. All isolates expressed the same multilocus sequence type (ST), ST10523. The genome sequences of the first and last isolates, D122 and D141, revealed the absence of two phage-related gene clusters compared to the genome of another ST10523 strain, D219, isolated earlier at a different place in Germany. Genomes of all three strains carried the same novel mosaic penicillin-binding protein (PBP) genes, pbp2x, pbp2b, and pbp1a; these genes were distinct from those of other penicillin-resistant S...
May 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487677/accurate-differentiation-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae-from-other-species-within-the-streptococcus-mitis-group-by-peak-analysis-using-maldi-tof-ms
#9
Mercedes Marín, Emilia Cercenado, Carlos Sánchez-Carrillo, Adrián Ruiz, Álvaro Gómez González, Belén Rodríguez-Sánchez, Emilio Bouza
Despite the benefits of MALDI-TOF MS technology (Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometry) reported worldwide and the continuous improving of the available databases, discrimination between Streptococcus pneumoniae and closely related species within the Streptococcus mitis group (SMG) using this methodology has been suboptimal. However, the accurate identification at the species level of this group of microorganisms is important for the appropriate management of infected patients...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486933/influence-of-chronic-azithromycin-treatment-on-the-composition-of-the-oropharyngeal-microbial-community-in-patients-with-severe-asthma
#10
Guido Lopes Dos Santos Santiago, Guy Brusselle, Kenny Dauwe, Pieter Deschaght, Chris Verhofstede, Dries Vaneechoutte, Ellen Deschepper, Paul Jordens, Guy Joos, Mario Vaneechoutte
BACKGROUND: This study of the oropharyngeal microbiome complements the previously published AZIthromycin in Severe ASThma (AZISAST) clinical trial, where the use of azithromycin was assessed in subjects with exacerbation-prone severe asthma. Here, we determined the composition of the oropharyngeal microbial community by means of deep sequencing of the amplified 16S rRNA gene in oropharyngeal swabs from patients with exacerbation-prone severe asthma, at baseline and during and after 6 months treatment with azithromycin or placebo...
May 10, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483958/new-aspects-of-the-interplay-between-penicillin-binding-proteins-murm-and-the-two-component-system-ciarh-of-penicillin-resistant-streptococcus-pneumoniae-serotype-19a-isolates-from-hungary
#11
Inga Schweizer, Sebastian Blättner, Patrick Maurer, Katharina Peters, Daniela Vollmer, Waldemar Vollmer, Regine Hakenbeck, Dalia Denapaite
The Streptococcus pneumoniae clone Hungary(19A)-6 expresses unusually high levels of β-lactam resistance, which is in part due to mutations in the MurM gene, encoding a transferase involved in the synthesis of branched peptidoglycan. Moreover, it contains the allele ciaH232, encoding the histidine kinase CiaH (M. Müller, P. Marx, R. Hakenbeck, and R. Brückner, Microbiology 157:3104-3112, 2011, https://doi.org/10.1099/mic.0.053157-0). High-level penicillin resistance primarily requires the presence of low-affinity (mosaic) penicillin binding protein (PBP) genes, as, for example, in strain Hu17, a closely related member of the Hungary(19A)-6 lineage...
July 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376744/effects-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-and-streptococcus-mitis-mixed-infection-on-tlr4-mediated-immune-response-in-acute-pneumonia-mouse-model
#12
Chao Song, Hongdong Li, Yunhui Zhang, Jialin Yu
BACKGROUND: Our previous research on the diversity of microbiota in the endotracheal tubes (ETTs) of neonates in the neonatal intensive care unit found that Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) and Streptococcus mitis (S. mitis) were the dominant bacteria on the ETT surface and the existence of S. mitis could promote biofilm formation and pathogenicity of P. aeruginosa. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), which has been widely detected on the surface of airway epithelial cells, is the important component of the innate immune system...
April 4, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193649/insight-into-the-diversity-of-penicillin-binding-protein-2x-alleles-and-mutations-in-viridans-streptococci
#13
Mark van der Linden, Julia Otten, Carina Bergmann, Cristina Latorre, Josefina Liñares, Regine Hakenbeck
The identification of commensal streptococci species is an everlasting problem due to their ability to genetically transform. A new challenge in this respect is the recent description of Streptococcus pseudopneumoniae as a new species, which was distinguished from closely related pathogenic S. pneumoniae and commensal S. mitis by a variety of physiological and molecular biological tests. Forty-one atypical S. pneumoniae isolates have been collected at the German National Reference Center for Streptococci (GNRCS)...
May 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135322/naturally-acquired-human-immunity-to-pneumococcus-is-dependent-on-antibody-to-protein-antigens
#14
Robert Wilson, Jonathan M Cohen, Mark Reglinski, Ricardo J Jose, Win Yan Chan, Helina Marshall, Corné de Vogel, Stephen Gordon, David Goldblatt, Fernanda C Petersen, Helen Baxendale, Jeremy S Brown
Naturally acquired immunity against invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) is thought to be dependent on anti-capsular antibody. However nasopharyngeal colonisation by Streptococcus pneumoniae also induces antibody to protein antigens that could be protective. We have used human intravenous immunoglobulin preparation (IVIG), representing natural IgG responses to S. pneumoniae, to identify the classes of antigens that are functionally relevant for immunity to IPD. IgG in IVIG recognised capsular antigen and multiple S...
January 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116553/performance-of-the-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-system-for-rapid-identification-of-streptococci-a-review
#15
REVIEW
W-T Fan, T-T Qin, R-R Bi, H-Q Kang, P Ma, B Gu
Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) has been developed as a new type of soft ionization mass spectrometry in recent years. An increasing number of clinical microbiological laboratories consider it as an innovative approach for bacterial identification. This study was undertaken in order to evaluate the use of MALDI-TOF MS for rapid identification of the clinical streptococci. A systematic review was conducted based on a literature search of the Medline and Embase databases...
June 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096486/phage-derived-protein-induces-increased-platelet-activation-and-is-associated-with-mortality-in-patients-with-invasive-pneumococcal-disease
#16
Rahajeng N Tunjungputri, Fredrick M Mobegi, Amelieke J Cremers, Christa E van der Gaast-de Jongh, Gerben Ferwerda, Jacques F Meis, Nel Roeleveld, Stephen D Bentley, Alexander S Pastura, Sacha A F T van Hijum, Andre J van der Ven, Quirijn de Mast, Aldert Zomer, Marien I de Jonge
To improve our understanding about the severity of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD), we investigated the association between the genotype of Streptococcus pneumoniae and disease outcomes for 349 bacteremic patients. A pneumococcal genome-wide association study (GWAS) demonstrated a strong correlation between 30-day mortality and the presence of the phage-derived gene pblB, encoding a platelet-binding protein whose effects on platelet activation were previously unknown. Platelets are increasingly recognized as key players of the innate immune system, and in sepsis, excessive platelet activation contributes to microvascular obstruction, tissue hypoperfusion, and finally multiorgan failure, leading to mortality...
January 17, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068884/evaluation-of-protein-spectra-cluster-analysis-for-streptococcus-spp-identification-from-various-swine-clinical-samples
#17
Carlos E C Matajira, Luisa Z Moreno, Vasco T M Gomes, Ana Paula S Silva, Renan E Mesquita, Daniela S Doto, Franco F Calderaro, Fernando N de Souza, Ana Paula G Christ, Maria Inês Z Sato, Andrea M Moreno
Traditional microbiological methods enable genus-level identification of Streptococcus spp. isolates. However, as the species of this genus show broad phenotypic variation, species-level identification or even differentiation within the genus is difficult. Herein we report the evaluation of protein spectra cluster analysis for the identification of Streptococcus species associated with disease in swine by means of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). A total of 250 S...
March 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053215/improved-differentiation-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae-and-other-s-mitis-group-streptococci-by-maldi-biotyper-using-an-improved-maldi-biotyper-database-content-and-a-novel-result-interpretation-algorithm
#18
Inka Harju, Christoph Lange, Markus Kostrzewa, Thomas Maier, Kaisu Rantakokko-Jalava, Marjo Haanperä
Reliable distinction of Streptococcus pneumoniae and viridans group streptococci is important because of the different pathogenic properties of these organisms. Differentiation between S. pneumoniae and closely related Sreptococcusmitis species group streptococci has always been challenging, even when using such modern methods as 16S rRNA gene sequencing or matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry. In this study, a novel algorithm combined with an enhanced database was evaluated for differentiation between S...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935839/capsular-polysaccharide-expression-in-commensal-streptococcus-species-genetic-and-antigenic-similarities-to-streptococcus-pneumoniae
#19
Uffe B Skov Sørensen, Kaihu Yao, Yonghong Yang, Hervé Tettelin, Mogens Kilian
Expression of a capsular polysaccharide is considered a hallmark of most invasive species of bacteria, including Streptococcus pneumoniae, in which the capsule is among the principal virulence factors and is the basis for successful vaccines. Consequently, it was previously assumed that capsule production distinguishes S. pneumoniae from closely related commensals of the mitis group streptococci. Based on antigenic and genetic analyses of 187 mitis group streptococci, including 90 recognized serotypes of S...
November 15, 2016: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924597/natural-transformation-of-oral-streptococci-by-use-of-synthetic-pheromones
#20
Gabriela Salvadori, Roger Junges, Rabia Khan, Heidi A Åmdal, Donald A Morrison, Fernanda C Petersen
The discovery that Streptococcus pneumoniae uses a competence-stimulating peptide (CSP) to induce competence for natural transformation, and that other species of the mitis and the anginosus streptococcal groups use a similar system, has expanded the tools to explore gene function and regulatory pathways in streptococci. Two other classes of pheromones have been discovered since then, comprising the bacteriocin-inducing peptide class found in Streptococcus mutans (also named CSP, although different from the former) and the SigX-inducing peptides (XIP), in the mutans, salivarius, bovis, and pyogenes groups of streptococci...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
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