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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429304/new-perspectives-on-the-diagnosis-of-allergy-to-anisakis-spp
#1
REVIEW
Ignacio Moneo, Noelia Carballeda-Sangiao, Miguel González-Muñoz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To compare the prevalence of sensitization in different countries based on specific IgE values and to evaluate the use of isolated native or recombinant allergens for diagnosis. RECENT FINDINGS: Isolated allergens help in the diagnosis of truly sensitized patients avoiding false positives due to cross-reactions. Their use is therefore highly recommended, especially when used as a combination of several relevant allergens. The use of purified allergens allows an accurate diagnosis and this has led to three important findings: (1) in addition to the digestive route of sensitization, occupational and non-digestive exposure seems to be clinically relevant...
May 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425114/a-multi-institutional-joint-study-of-contact-dermatitis-related-to-hair-colouring-and-perming-agents-in-japan
#2
Akiko Ito, Kazue Nishioka, Hiromi Kanto, Akiko Yagami, Shigeki Yamada, Mariko Sugiura, Chihiro Yasunaga, Keiko Yoshii, Hiromi Kobayashi, Atsuko Adachi, Yuko Ikezawa, Kumiko Washizaki, Shigeki Inui, Hitoshi Miyazawa, Naoki Oiso, Tokio Nakata, Kayoko Matsunaga
BACKGROUND: In Japan, allergic contact dermatitis caused by hair colouring agents is a considerable problem for those occupationally exposed and also for consumers. Over the last 20 years, p-phenylenediamine (PPD) has been a common allergen, with ∼7% positive patch test reactions. OBJECTIVES: To investigate which ingredients caused allergic contact dermatitis related to hair dye and perming solutions in Japan, to assess whether PPD is suitable for screening for hair dye allergy, and to propose allergens for a Japanese hairdresser series...
April 20, 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400946/the-state-of-asthma-epidemiology-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-and-their-quality
#3
Jon Genuneit, Annina M Seibold, Christian J Apfelbacher, George N Konstantinou, Jennifer J Koplin, Stefania La Grutta, Kirsty Logan, Carsten Flohr, Michael R Perkin
BACKGROUND: Recently, we have published an overview of systematic reviews in allergy epidemiology and identified asthma as the most commonly reviewed allergic disease. Building on this work, we aimed to investigate the quality of systematic reviews in asthma using the AMSTAR checklist and to provide a reference for future, more in-depth assessment of the extent of previous knowledge. METHODS: We included all 307 systematic reviews indexed with asthma, including occupational asthma, and/or wheeze from our previous search in PubMed and EMBASE up to December 2014 for systematic reviews on epidemiological research on allergic diseases...
2017: Clinical and Translational Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396866/survey-of-occupational-allergic-contact-dermatitis-and-patch-test-among-clothing-employees-in-beijing
#4
Yu-Xin Chen, Bing-Ai Gao, Hai-Yan Cheng, Lin-Feng Li
Occupational population-based epidemiological data relating to occupational contact allergies in the Chinese clothing industry are limited. To investigate the prevalence of occupational allergic contact dermatitis (OACD) and to identify the causative allergens among clothing employees in China, a cross-sectional study was conducted in 529 clothing employees at 12 clothing factories in Beijing. All employees were subjected to an interview using self-administered questionnaire and skin examination, and those who were diagnosed with occupational contact dermatitis (OCD) were patch tested...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389323/an-approach-to-allergy-risk-assessments-for-e-liquid-ingredients
#5
Sandra Costigan, Juan Lopez-Belmonte
Many flavours and fragrances are known allergens. Their selection and inclusion levels in e-liquids must therefore be guided by toxicological principles, taking into account the exposure pattern and inhalation route of exposure. For contact sensitisation, a general, agreed quantitative risk assessment approach to prevent dermal sensitisation exists. Here we propose exposure parameters and safety factors to apply this approach to e-liquid ingredients. Additionally, as a risk management approach for pre-sensitised individuals, we derive a threshold of 0...
April 4, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355639/occupational-inequalities-in-self-rated-health-and-non-communicable-diseases-in-different-regions-of-europe-findings-from-the-european-social-survey-2014-special-module-on-the-social-determinants-of-health
#6
Courtney L McNamara, Marlen Toch-Marquardt, Mirza Balaj, Nadine Reibling, Terje A Eikemo, Clare Bambra
Socioeconomic inequalities in the prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are evident across European populations. Several previous studies have addressed the question of whether occupational inequalities in health differ across European regions. It is uncertain however, the degree to which occupational inequalities in NCDs are similar or dissimilar across different European regions. Using 2014 European Social Survey data from 20 countries, this article examines occupational inequalities in poor self-rated health (SRH) and 14 self-reported NCDs separately for women and men, by European region: heart/circulatory problems, high blood pressure, back pain, arm/hand pain, foot/leg pain, allergies, breathing problems, stomach/digestion problems, skin conditions, diabetes, severe headaches, cancer, obesity and depression...
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339013/immunological-effects-of-occupational-exposure-to-lead-review
#7
Concettina Fenga, Silvia Gangemi, Valentina Di Salvatore, Luca Falzone, Massimo Libra
It is well-known that occupational and environmental exposure to several factors, including benzene, heavy metals, chemicals and mineral fibers, is associated with the risk of developing a great number of diseases. Numerous studies have been carried out in order to investigate the mechanisms of toxicity of these substances, with particular regard to the possible toxic effects on the immune system. However, little is known about the influence of heavy metals, such as lead, on the immune system in human populations...
March 24, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317175/occupational-respiratory-allergy-in-peach-crop-workers
#8
Remedios Pérez-Calderón, M Ángeles Gonzalo-Garijo, Francisco José Rodríguez-Velasco, Silvia Sánchez-Vega, Borja Bartolomé-Zavala
BACKGROUND: Occupational respiratory diseases in workers of peach tree crops have been reported punctually and have been associated with sensitization to proteins present in both pollen and leaf tree. We report the study of 37 workers with respiratory symptoms related to occupational exposure to peach trees. METHODS: Prick tests and specific IgE determinations were performed with extracts from leaves and branches of peach tree. Immunodetection in leaf extract was realized by SDS-PAGE-immunoblotting with patient sera and rabbit serum anti-Pru p 3...
March 20, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314756/predicting-occupational-asthma-and-rhinitis-in-bakery-workers-referred-for-clinical-evaluation
#9
Badri Sadat Jonaid, Jos Rooyackers, Erik Stigter, Lützen Portengen, Esmeralda Krop, Dick Heederik
BACKGROUND: Occupational allergic diseases are a major problem in some workplaces like in the baking industry. Diagnostic rules have been used in surveillance but not yet in the occupational respiratory clinic. OBJECTIVE: To develop diagnostic models predicting baker's asthma and rhinitis among bakery workers at high risk of sensitisation to bakery allergens referred to a specialised clinic. METHODS: As part of a medical surveillance programme, clinical evaluation was performed on 436 referred Dutch bakery workers at high risk for sensitisation to bakery allergens...
March 17, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299723/mold-and-human-health-a-reality-check
#10
REVIEW
Andrea T Borchers, Christopher Chang, M Eric Gershwin
There are possibly millions of mold species on earth. The vast majority of these mold spores live in harmony with humans, rarely causing disease. The rare species that does cause disease does so by triggering allergies or asthma, or may be involved in hypersensitivity diseases such as allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis or allergic fungal sinusitis. Other hypersensitivity diseases include those related to occupational or domiciliary exposures to certain mold species, as in the case of Pigeon Breeder's disease, Farmer's lung, or humidifier fever...
March 16, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290621/contact-sensitization-of-children-referred-to-the-dermatology-department-of-the-university-federico-ii-of-naples-italy-a-two-decade-years-history
#11
Serena Lembo, Claudio Lembo, Cataldo Patruno, Pasquale Cuomo, Fabio Ayala, Nicola Balato, Anna Balato
BACKGROUND: Contact sensitization (CS) and allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) were once thought to be rare in children. The aim of our study was to assess CS and ACD in children affected by eczematous conditions referring to our contact and occupational dermatoses service, and to compare the obtained data to the results of a similar study performed in our Department in late eighties. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patch test data from the Database of Contact Allergy of the Dermatology Department - University Federico II of Naples was performed...
March 14, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276782/respiratory-symptoms-and-lung-function-in-relation-to-wood-dust-and-monoterpene-exposure-in-the-wood-pellet-industry
#12
Håkan Löfstedt, Katja Hagström, Ing-Liss Bryngelsson, Mats Holmström, Anna Rask-Andersen
INTRODUCTION: Wood pellets are used as a source of renewable energy for heating purposes. Common exposures are wood dust and monoterpenes, which are known to be hazardous for the airways. The purpose of this study was to study the effect of occupational exposure on respiratory health in wood pellet workers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-nine men working with wood pellet production at six plants were investigated with a questionnaire, medical examination, allergy screening, spirometry, and nasal peak expiratory flow (nasal PEF)...
March 1, 2017: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251426/occupational-latex-allergy-the-current-state-of-affairs
#13
REVIEW
Olivier Vandenplas, Monika Raulf
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Allergy to natural rubber latex (NRL) reached epidemic proportions during the nineties and led to intense preventive efforts. The aim of this review was to provide a comprehensive compilation of the current status of occupational NRL allergy. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent advances led to the characterization of 15 NRL allergens and the development of assays for measuring the allergen content of NRL materials and specific IgE antibodies against NRL allergen components...
March 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245002/-diagnostic-accuracy-of-specific-ige-antibodies-measurements-in-occupational-airway-allergy-to-high-molecular-weight-agents
#14
Joanna Zgorzelska-Kowalik, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa, Ewa Nowakowska-Świrta, Marta Wiszniewska
BACKGROUND: The performance of specific inhalation challenge test (SICT) - reference method in diagnostics of occupational allergy - has some limitations due to health status of a particular patient. Therefore, it is extremely important to identify usefulness of other tests, and the evaluation of diagnostic accuracy of commercially available serum specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) kits to the most common high molecular weight agents has been launched. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group comprised 141 subjects - 110 bakers and 31 farmers - with suspicion of occupational airway allergy...
February 28, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216728/marine-and-other-aquatic-dermatoses
#15
Surg Capt Jandhyala Sridhar, Surg Cdr Rajeev Deo
Occupational and recreational aquatic activity predisposes our population to a wide variety of dermatoses. Sunburn, urticaria, jellyfish stings, and contact dermatitis to rubber equipment are common allergies that are encountered in the aquatic environment. Among the infections, tinea versicolor, intertrigo, and verruca vulgaris are widespread. Swimmer's itch may occur due to skin penetration by schistosome cercariae, while free-floating nematocysts of marine coelenterates may precipitate seabather's eruption...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203266/occupational-contact-dermatitis-from-protein-in-sea-products-who-is-the-most-affected-the-fisherman-or-the-chef
#16
B Loddé, P Cros, A M Roguedas-Contios, R Pougnet, D Lucas, J D Dewitte, L Misery
BACKGROUND: Protein contact dermatitis has frequently been reported in case studies (usually in cases involving contact with seafood products), but there are very few descriptive series. The objectives of this present study were firstly to determine the incidence of protein contact dermatitis among fishermen in France and compare it with data from onshore work involving seafood exposure. Second, to discover what factors could explain any differences. In order to answer these questions we analysed data from the French national occupational disease surveillance and prevention network (RNV3P) and occupational diseases declared to the French National Network for Monitoring and Prevention of Occupational Disease...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168422/contact-allergy-to-preservatives-in-patients-with-occupational-contact-dermatitis-and-exposure-analysis-of-preservatives-in-registered-chemical-products-for-occupational-use
#17
Jakob Ferløv Schwensen, Ulrik Fischer Friis, Torkil Menné, Mari-Ann Flyvholm, Jeanne Duus Johansen
PURPOSE: The aim of the study is to investigate risk factors for sensitization to preservatives and to examine to which extent different preservatives are registered in chemical products for occupational use in Denmark. METHODS: A retrospective epidemiological observational analysis of data from a university hospital was conducted. All patients had occupational contact dermatitis and were consecutively patch tested with 11 preservatives from the European baseline series and extended patch test series during a 5-year period: 2009-2013...
February 6, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153749/energy-landscape-of-a-gstp1-polymorph-linked-with-cytological-function-decay-in-response-to-chemical-stressors
#18
Zarrin Basharat, Azra Yasmin
Gene polymorphisms lead to varied structure and functional properties. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) i.e. Ile105Val (rs1695) in glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1) gene influences cytological toxicity and modulates the risk to occupational diseases. Apart from this, cancer, neuropathy, NOx, SOx and ozone mediated respiratory function decline including lung inflammation, asthma, allergy etc., have been reported in people with this missense mutation. Here, the functional properties of rs1695 polymorph are revisited through a computational approach...
April 20, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142300/dose-dependent-immunomodulating-effects-of-endotoxin-in-allergic-airway-inflammation
#19
Sudhir Kumar, Atin Adhikari
How very high exposure levels to endotoxin in a farming environment provide protection against respiratory allergic symptoms and low-to-moderate levels of endotoxin in urban homes promote allergic response is unclear. Dose-specific bacterial endotoxin or LPS-induced tolerance mechanisms can affect lung inflammations, coupled with the Th2 immune responses. Here, we explored the effects of intranasal exposure of LPS at two different doses (based on occupational exposures during handling of agricultural wastes) in OVA-sensitized allergic wild type (WT) and TLR4-KO mice, particularly, with respect to Th2 cytokines and Tregs level...
January 1, 2017: Innate Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141629/a-wide-scope-of-new-developments-in-occupational-allergy-and-clinical-immunology
#20
Susan M Tarlo, Piero Maestrelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
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