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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888250/latex-allergy-where-are-we-now-and-how-did-we-get-there
#1
Kevin J Kelly, Gordon Sussman
Latex allergy emerged as an epidemic of anaphylaxis, occupational asthma, and clinical dilemmas in the 1980s. A systematic recognition, investigation, discovery, epidemiology, and prevention strategy followed. International attention and collaborations of investigators, government agencies, manufacturing, and health policy resulted in near elimination of a global epidemic. This article summarizes nearly 4 decades of work in control of this epidemic and focuses attention on future problems that still require resolution...
September 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874315/hand-eczema-as-a-risk-factor-for-food-allergy-among-occupational-kitchen-workers
#2
Takafumi Minami, Yuma Fukutomi, Kiyoshi Sekiya, Akira Akasawa, Masami Taniguchi
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of studies in children is highlighting the importance of transdermal routes of exposure to food allergens through damaged skin in the pathogenesis of food allergies. However, data on this in adults are limited. A few case-series studies has documented development of food allergy among kitchen workers with hand eczema after direct contact exposure to foods. METHODS: To explore the significance of hand eczema as a risk factor for food allergies in adults at the epidemiological level, we performed a cross-sectional web-based questionnaire survey on kitchen workers whose exposures were classed as occupational (cooks and food handlers, n = 1592) or non-occupational (housewives, n = 1915)...
September 2, 2017: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865410/decreased-sensitization-to-aeroallergens-among-southwestern-iranian-male-farmers
#3
Mozhgan Moghtaderi, Mona Torab Jahromi, Shirin Farjadian, Payam Ghassemi, Saeed Hosseini Teshnizi
Farmers are usually exposed to various inhaled allergens like pollens, mites, molds, and animal dander in their working environment which may lead to allergic rhinitis, asthma and urticaria. The purpose of this study was to identify sensitization to various aeroallergens in farmers and their occupational allergy symptoms. This cross sectional study included 103 male farmers and 100 non-farmer healthy controls. The work-related symptoms of farmers were recorded with a questionnaire. Spirometry and skin prick tests with 15 commercial allergen extracts were performed in both farmers and controls...
August 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835578/altered-immune-responses-in-broiler-chicken-husbandry-workers-and-their-association-with-endotoxin-exposure
#4
Ravi Gautam, Yong Heo, GyeongDong Lim, EunSeob Song, Katharine Roque, JaeHee Lee, YeonGyeong Kim, AhRang Cho, SoJung Shin, ChangYul Kim, GiHwan Bang, JiYun Bahng, HyoungAh Kim
Exposure to bioaerosols in indoor animal farms associates with respiratory illnesses, but little is known about the immune modulation to chicken farmers. This study aimed to compare the general immunity of chicken farmers with those of control subjects with non-agricultural jobs. Blood taken from the farmers and controls was subjected to plasma IgE and IgG subclass measurements. Isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were stimulated and cytokine production was measured. Indoor total and respirable dust levels and their endotoxin (LPS) and aflatoxin (AF) levels in the farms were measured...
August 22, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834956/enterovirus-infection-and-subsequent-risk-of-kawasaki-disease-a-population-based-cohort-study
#5
Ken-Pen Weng, James Cheng-Chung Wei, Yao-Min Hung, Shih-Hui Huang, Kuang-Jen Chien, Chu-Chuan Lin, Shih-Ming Huang, Cheng-Li Lin, Ming-Fang Cheng
BACKGROUND: The relationship of enterovirus (EV) infection and Kawasaki disease (KD) is still unclear. The purpose of this study was to conduct a population-based cohort study to determine the relationship between KD and EV infection in Taiwan. METHODS: A population-based cohort study was conducted to analyze the children file (age <18 years) of the Taiwan National Health Insurance program between 2000 and 2008. In total, 285636 children with EV infection and 285636 children without EV infection were included and followed up...
August 19, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804700/abridged-version-of-the-awmf-guideline-for-the-medical-clinical-diagnostics-of-indoor-mould-exposure-s2k-guideline-of-the-german-society-of-hygiene-environmental-medicine-and-preventive-medicine-ghup-in-collaboration-with-the-german-association-of-allergists
#6
Gerhard A Wiesmüller, Birger Heinzow, Ute Aurbach, Karl-Christian Bergmann, Albrecht Bufe, Walter Buzina, Oliver A Cornely, Steffen Engelhart, Guido Fischer, Thomas Gabrio, Werner Heinz, Caroline E W Herr, Jörg Kleine-Tebbe, Ludger Klimek, Martin Köberle, Herbert Lichtnecker, Thomas Lob-Corzilius, Rolf Merget, Norbert Mülleneisen, Dennis Nowak, Uta Rabe, Monika Raulf, Hans Peter Seidl, Jens-Oliver Steiß, Regine Szewszyk, Peter Thomas, Kerttu Valtanen, Julia Hurraß
This article is an abridged version of the AWMF mould guideline "Medical clinical diagnostics of indoor mould exposure" presented in April 2016 by the German Society of Hygiene, Environmental Medicine and Preventive Medicine (Gesellschaft für Hygiene, Umweltmedizin und Präventivmedizin, GHUP), in collaboration with the above-mentioned scientific medical societies, German and Austrian societies, medical associations and experts. Indoor mould growth is a potential health risk, even if a quantitative and/or causal relationship between the occurrence of individual mould species and health problems has yet to be established...
2017: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761912/risk-factors-accelerating-hypothyroidism-in-pregnant-women-referred-to-health-centers-in-abadan-iran
#7
Mahboobeh Momtazan, Mohammad Javad Mohammadi, Raha Tabahfar, Soraya Rezaee, Aliasghar Valipour, Fatemeh Jamei, Ahmad Reza Yari, Azimeh Karimyan, Sahar Geravandi
The present work contains data obtained during the analysis of pregnant women referred to Abadan Health Centers Organization (Abadan HCO) with confirmed acute hypothyroidism diagnosis. From among all pregnant women referred to Abadan HCO, 600 were chosen consisting of 120 pregnant women from each of the health centers in quintuple areas. In this paper, the effects of family history, occupation, death, abortion, type of diabetes, smoking, lithium consumption, allergy, radiotherapy, ovarian cysts (OC) and oral contraceptive pills (OCP) consumption have been studied (Yassaee et al...
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752892/patterns-of-concomitant-allergic-reactions-in-patients-suggest-cross-sensitization-between-octylisothiazolinone-and-methylisothiazolinone
#8
Kristiina Aalto-Korte, Katri Suuronen
BACKGROUND: Recent animal tests have indicated cross-reactivity between methylisothiazolinone (MI), octylisothiazolinone (OIT), and benzisothiazolinone (BIT). OBJECTIVES: To retrospectively analyse concomitant reactions to different isothiazolinones in patients in an occupational dermatology clinic during the ongoing MI contact allergy epidemic. METHODS: We searched patch test files (January 2012 to February 2017) for patients with allergic reactions to OIT, BIT, and MI, and analysed their patch test results, occupations, exposure, and diagnoses...
July 28, 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736450/screening-survey-of-ocular-nasal-respiratory-and-skin-symptoms-in-manicurists-in-poland
#9
Marta Kieć-Świerczyńska, Dominika Świerczyńska-Machura, Dorota Chomiczewska-Skóra, Beata Kręcisz, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa
OBJECTIVES: Manicurists are exposed to various chemicals in nail and skin care products and may develop ocular, nasal, respiratory or skin adverse reactions to them. To investigate the occurrence of ocular, nasal, respiratory and skin problems among manicurists and to identify their causal factors, particularly allergic etiology and occupational origin. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Manicurists employed in beauty salons in the central region of Poland were invited to fill in the questionnaire and undergo medical examination, skin prick tests with common aeroallergens, patch tests with European Baseline Series and (Meth)Acrylates Series-Nails and spirometry...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734852/azodicarbonamide-adca-a-reconsideration-of-classification-as-a-respiratory-sensitiser
#10
Josje Arts, Ian Kimber
Azodicarbonamide (ADCA) is widely used by industry in the manufacture of a variety of products. ADCA has been classified as a respiratory allergen, and the purpose of this article was to consider whether this classification is appropriate based upon the available data. Here both clinical experience and relevant experimental data have been reviewed. Although there have been reports of an association between workplace exposure to ADCA and symptoms of respiratory allergy and occupational asthma, the evidence is less than persuasive, with in many instances a lack of properly controlled and executed diagnostic procedures...
July 20, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719475/allergic-contact-dermatitis-from-methylisothiazolinone-in-residential-wall-paint
#11
Molly C Goodier, Linda Ljungberg, Christina Persson, Malin Engfeldt, Magnus Bruze, Erin M Warshaw
A 33-year-old woman presented to our clinic for suspected photoallergic contact dermatitis with a recent episode of severe, vesicular dermatitis involving exposed skin and correlating with relocation to a new home. Biopsy results showed spongiotic and lichenoid dermatitis with eosinophils. Patch test results showed a very strong (+++) reaction to methylisothiazolinone (MI), mild (+) reaction to MI/methylchloroisothiazolinone, and no reaction to benzisothiazolinone. These allergens were found in several personal products...
July 2017: Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694695/relationship-between-blood-eosinophils-clinical-characteristics-and-mortality-in-patients-with-copd
#12
Maeva Zysman, Gaëtan Deslee, Denis Caillaud, Pascal Chanez, Roger Escamilla, Isabelle Court-Fortune, Pascale Nesme-Meyer, Thierry Perez, Jean-Louis Paillasseur, Christophe Pinet, Gilles Jebrak, Nicolas Roche, Pierre-Régis Burgel
In patients with COPD, there is controversy regarding the association of blood eosinophil (Eos) levels with 1) exacerbation frequency and 2) the effect of inhaled corticosteroids for prevention of exacerbations. To determine whether Eos define subgroups of patients exhibiting attributes of COPD clinical phenotypes, we compared clinical features and mortality rates in COPD patients from the Initiatives BPCO French cohort categorized using different thresholds of blood Eos levels. The following data were collected at inclusion: medical and smoking history, occupational exposures, dyspnea, cough and sputum production, exacerbations in the previous year, history of allergy and asthma, nasal symptoms, body mass index, St George Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) total score, post-bronchodilator spirometry, comorbidities, and medications...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681396/association-of-atopy-and-tentative-diagnosis-of-skin-cancer-results-from-occupational-skin-cancer-screenings
#13
I Schäfer, P Mohr, N Zander, R Fölster-Holst, M Augustin
BACKGROUND: The relationship between atopic conditions and carcinoma of the skin has been described inconsistently. Population-based data providing information on atopic diseases as well as on skin cancer are sparse. OBJECTIVE: To determine the correlation between atopy and prevalence of precanceroses, non-melanoma skin cancer and malignant melanoma (MM), while taking into account known risk factors for skin cancer. METHODS: Data from occupational skin cancer screenings were analysed in a cross-sectional study...
July 6, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675438/biological-monitoring-of-dermal-and-air-exposure-to-cobalt-at-a-swedish-hard-metal-production-plant-does-dermal-exposure-contribute-to-uptake
#14
Maria Klasson, Magnus Lindberg, Ing-Liss Bryngelsson, Helena Arvidsson, Carin Pettersson, Bente Husby, Håkan Westberg
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure to cobalt is well established in hard metal manufacture. Cobalt is known to cause contact allergy, asthma, hard metal lung disease, and lung cancer. The relationship between skin exposure and uptake determined in blood has not been extensively investigated. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether skin and inhalable air exposure to cobalt contributes to uptake, determined as cobalt in blood, in a hard metal manufacturing factory. METHODS: The amount of cobalt on the skin found with an acid wash technique, the air concentrations of inhalable cobalt and cobalt blood concentrations were determined and correlated in exposed workers...
July 4, 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670248/allergic-contact-dermatitis-pattern-in-kuwait-nickel-leads-the-pack-in-depth-analysis-of-nickel-allergy-based-on-the-results-from-a-large-prospective-patch-test-series-report
#15
Nawaf Almutairi, Fahad Almutawa
INTRODUCTION: Contact dermatitis is a relatively common dermatosis reported among several population groups from all around the globe. However, the data from Kuwait is unavailable. Patch tests are essential for the diagnosis of contact sensitization. AIM: To determine a relative frequency and pattern of sensitizers to different allergens in patients of suspected contact dermatitis in Kuwait and, also to study the role of the commonest sensitizer in detail. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patch tests were performed in 2461 consecutive patients with a clinical diagnosis of contact dermatitis seen at our hospital between September 1, 2014 and August 31, 2015...
June 2017: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641054/behavioural-interventions-to-reduce-nickel-exposure-in-a-nickel-processing-plant
#16
Krassi Rumchev, Helen Brown, Amanda Wheeler, Gavin Pereira, Jeff Spickett
Nickel is a widely used material in many industries. Although, there is enough evidence that occupational exposure to nickel may cause respiratory illnesses, allergies and even cancer, it is not possible to stop the use of nickel in occupational settings. Nickel exposure, however, can be controlled and reduced significantly in workplaces. The main objective of this study was to assess if educational intervention of hygiene behaviour could reduce nickel exposure among Indonesian nickel smelter workers. Participants were randomly assigned to three intervention groups (n = 99)...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627111/european-surveillance-system-on-contact-allergies-essca-results-with-the-european-baseline-series-2013-14
#17
W Uter, J C Amario-Hita, A Balato, B Ballmer-Weber, A Bauer, A Belloni Fortina, A Bircher, M M U Chowdhury, S M Cooper, M Czarnecka-Operacz, A Dugonik, R Gallo, A Giménez-Arnau, J D Johansen, S M John, M Kieć-Świerczyńska, T Kmecl, B Kręcisz, F Larese Filon, V Mahler, M Pesonen, T Rustemeyer, A Sadowska-Przytocka, J Sánchez-Pérez, S Schliemann, M L Schuttelaar, D Simon, R Spiewak, S Valiukevičienė, E Weisshaar, I R White, S M Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: Contact allergy is a common condition and can severely interfere with daily life or professional activities. Due to changes in exposures, such as introduction of new substances, new products or formulations and regulatory intervention, the spectrum of contact sensitization changes. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the current spectrum of contact allergy to allergens present in the European baseline series (EBS) across Europe. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of data collected by the European Surveillance System on Contact Allergies (ESSCA, www...
June 19, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589108/asthma-and-allergic-rhinitis-correlation-in-palm-tree-workers-of-jahrom-city-in-2016
#18
Mohammad Amin Farahmand Fard, Narges Khanjani, Aliasghar Arabi Mianroodi, Ahad Ashrafi Asgarabad
INTRODUCTION: Allergic rhinitis and asthma can be related to occupation. The present study aimed to investigate the correlation between asthma or allergic rhinitis and employment in the palm tree gardens of Jahrom, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study including 50 palm tree garden workers and a control group of 50 office employees. Data collection included demographics, as well as standard International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) and A New Symptom-Based Questionnaire for Predicting the Presence of Asthma (ASQ) questionnaires...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543634/thaumatin-and-gum-arabic-allergy-in-chewing-gum-factory-workers
#19
Mattias P Tschannen, Ulrich Glück, Andreas J Bircher, Ingmar Heijnen, Claudia Pletscher
Thaumatin is a sweetener and flavor modifier commonly used in the food industry. Likewise, gum arabic is widely used as a food stabilizer and thickening agent. We report here that a powder mixture composed of 10% thaumatin and 90% gum arabic led to allergic symptoms in the upper airways in occupationally exposed individuals: four of eight workers of a chewing gum factory exposed to this powder mixture had pronounced rhinitis. A positive skin prick test result for pure thaumatin was obtained in all four individuals with rhinitis of whom two also had a positive skin prick test result for pure gum arabic and gum arabic-specific IgE...
July 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516256/-skin-diseases-associated-with-environmental-factors
#20
REVIEW
Vera Mahler
BACKGROUND: Multiple environmental exposures may derange the regulatory and repair mechanisms of the skin and lead to dermatological disease. OBJECTIVES: Provide an overview of non-allergic skin diseases associated with environmental factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Review of current scientific evidence for associations of non-allergic skin diseases with environmental exposures: irritation, chemicals, infection, UV-radiation, temperature. RESULTS: Predisposition (constitution e...
June 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
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