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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928105/sio2-nanocomposite-film-coating-of-cad-cam-composite-resin-blocks-improves-surface-hardness-and-reduces-susceptibility-to-bacterial-adhesion
#1
Pranithida Kamonwanon, Nanako Hirose, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Jun-Ichi Sasaki, Haruaki Kitagawa, Ranna Kitagawa, Sroisiri Thaweboon, Toemsak Srikhirin, Satoshi Imazato
Composite resin blocks for computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) applications have recently become available. However, CAD/CAM composite resins have lower wear resistance and accumulate more plaque than CAD/CAM ceramic materials. We assessed the effects of SiO2-nanocomposite film coating of four types of CAD/CAM composite resin blocks: Cerasmart, Katana Avencia block, Lava Ultimate, and Block HC on surface hardness and bacterial attachment. All composite blocks with coating demonstrated significantly greater Vickers hardness, reduced surface roughness, and greater hydrophobicity than those without coating...
December 6, 2016: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927884/esthetic-and-clinical-performance-of-implant-supported-all-ceramic-crowns-made-with-prefabricated-or-cad-cam-zirconia-abutments-a-randomized-multicenter-clinical-trial
#2
J G Wittneben, J Gavric, U C Belser, M M Bornstein, T Joda, V Chappuis, I Sailer, U Brägger
Patients' esthetic expectations are increasing, and the options of the prosthetic pathways are currently evolving. The objective of this randomized multicenter clinical trial was to assess and compare the esthetic outcome and clinical performance of anterior maxillary all-ceramic implant crowns (ICs) based either on prefabricated zirconia abutments veneered with pressed ceramics or on CAD/CAM zirconia abutments veneered with hand buildup technique. The null hypothesis was that there is no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919597/axiographic-results-of-cad-cam-assisted-microvascular-fibular-free-flap-reconstruction-of-the-mandible-a-prospective-study-of-21-consecutive-cases
#3
Lucas M Ritschl, Thomas Mücke, Andreas M Fichter, Maximilian Roth, Clemens Kaltenhauser, Jean Marc Pho Duc, Marco R Kesting, Klaus-Dietrich Wolff, Denys J Loeffelbein
Virtual planning and guided reconstruction of the mandible following ablative surgery have become standard procedures in reconstructive surgery. Many advantages regarding operation time, morphology, bony fit, and consolidation have been described, but analyses of the functional outcome of virtually planned mandibular reconstructions are lacking. We prospectively analyzed 21 consecutive cases of mandibular reconstructions using CAD/CAM-assisted microvascular, fibular free flaps in operations between July 2014 and January 2016 at a single center...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915156/fracture-resistance-of-zirconia-based-implant-abutments-after-artificial-long-term-aging
#4
Abdulaziz Alsahhaf, Benedikt Christopher Spies, Kirstin Vach, Ralf-Joachim Kohal
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the survival rate, fracture strength, bending moments, loading to fracture and fracture modes of different designs of zirconia abutments after dynamic loading with thermocycling, and compare these values to titanium abutments. METHODS: A total of 80 abutment samples were divided into 5 test groups of 16 samples in each group. The study included the following groups, "Group 1" CAD/CAM produced all-zirconia abutments, "Group 2" titanium abutments, "Group 3" zirconia-abutments adhesively luted to a titanium base, "Group 4" prefabricated all-zirconia abutments and "Group 5" zirconia-abutments glass soldered to a titanium base...
November 21, 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892837/conservative-anterior-partial-coverage-cad-cam-restoration
#5
J T May
Computer-aided design and manufacturing technology enables practitioners to create, in a single appointment, indirect restorations that are esthetic and functionally unique to the patient's situation. The popular effort to perform minimally invasive dentistry using digital techniques with chairside milling can lead dentists to novel individualized restorative treatment. This article demonstrates a conservative anterior partial coverage restoration, utilizing both digital technology and chairside ceramic characterization to achieve an optimal esthetic outcome while preserving healthy tooth structure...
November 28, 2016: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892564/zirconia-based-dental-ceramics-structure-mechanical-properties-biocompatibility-and-applications
#6
Chandkiram Gautam, Jarin Joyner, Amarendra Gautam, Jitendra Rao, Robert Vajtai
Zirconia (ZrO2) based dental ceramics have been considered to be advantageous materials with adequate mechanical properties for the manufacturing of medical devices. Due to its very high compression strength of 2000 MPa, ZrO2 can resist differing mechanical environments. During the crack propagation on the application of stress on the surface of ZrO2, a crystalline modification diminishes the propagation of cracks. In addition, zirconia's biocompatibility has been studied in vivo, leading to the observation of no adverse response upon the insertion of ZrO2 samples into the bone or muscle...
November 28, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891569/chair-side-generated-posterior-monolithic-lithium-disilicate-crowns-clinical-survival-after-6%C3%A2-years
#7
Angelika Rauch, Sven Reich, Oliver Schierz
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this prospective clinical study was to evaluate the clinical performance of chair-side generated monolithic lithium disilicate crowns after 72 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-one posterior full contour crowns made of lithium disilicate ceramic were inserted in 34 patients with a chair-side CAD/CAM technique. One crown per patient was randomly selected for evaluation at baseline, 6, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60 and 72 months according to the modified US Public Health Service criteria...
November 28, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890357/effect-of-cement-space-on-stress-distribution-in-y-tzp-based-crowns
#8
Carlos Eduardo Edwards Rezende, Ana Flávia Sanches Borges, Carla Castiglia Gonzaga, Yuanyuan Duan, José Henrique Rubo, Jason Alan Griggs
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the stress distribution in bi-layered Y-TZP based crowns, according to the occlusal internal spacing between coping and abutment. METHODS: Twelve premolar shaped Y-TZP copings were made by a CAD/CAM system and seated on an abutment to evaluate the internal fit at the occlusal third using micro-CT images. Considering the fitting range obtained experimentally, two 3D finite element models, consisting on bone tissue, a titanium implant, a zirconia abutment, cement layer and a bi-layered Y-TZP ceramic crown were constructed based on the micro-CT images, one corresponding to the thinnest cement space and other representing the specimen with the thickest cement space obtained experimentally...
November 24, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890354/chairside-cad-cam-materials-part-1-measurement-of-elastic-constants-and-microstructural-characterization
#9
Renan Belli, Michael Wendler, Dominique de Ligny, Maria Rita Cicconi, Anselm Petschelt, Herwig Peterlik, Ulrich Lohbauer
OBJECTIVE: A deeper understanding of the mechanical behavior of dental restorative materials requires an insight into the materials elastic constants and microstructure. Here we aim to use complementary methodologies to thoroughly characterize chairside CAD/CAM materials and discuss the benefits and limitations of different analytical strategies. METHODS: Eight commercial CAM/CAM materials, ranging from polycrystalline zirconia (e.max ZirCAD, Ivoclar-Vivadent), reinforced glasses (Vitablocs Mark II, VITA; Empress CAD, Ivoclar-Vivadent) and glass-ceramics (e...
November 24, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884403/chairside-cad-cam-materials-part-2-flexural-strength-testing
#10
Michael Wendler, Renan Belli, Anselm Petschelt, Daniel Mevec, Walter Harrer, Tanja Lube, Robert Danzer, Ulrich Lohbauer
OBJECTIVE: Strength is one of the preferred parameters used in dentistry for determining clinical indication of dental restoratives. However, small dimensions of CAD/CAM blocks limit reliable measurements with standardized uniaxial bending tests. The objective of this study was to introduce the ball-on-three-ball (B3B) biaxial strength test for dental for small CAD/CAM block in the context of the size effect on strength predicted by the Weibull theory. METHODS: Eight representative chairside CAD/CAM materials ranging from polycrystalline zirconia (e...
November 21, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881329/oral-features-and-computerized-rehabilitation-of-a-young-patient-with-charge-syndrome-using-minimally-invasive-long-term-interim-cad-cam-restorations
#11
Anja Liebermann, Caroline Freitas Rafael, Daniel Edelhoff, Marc Ramberger, Josef Schweiger, Claudia Angela Maziero Volpato, Reza Saeidi Pour
Patients with CHARGE syndrome (where CHARGE stands for coloboma of the iris or retina, heart defects or cardiac malformations, atresia/stenosis of the choanae, retardation of growth and development, genital anomalies, and ear abnormalities) present several orofacial anomalies. Their treatment depends on the specific type of manifestation. To perform the complex oral rehabilitation and achieve a conservative, esthetic, and functional exploration of the definitive treatment goal, computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) polymers can be used as long-term interim restorations...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881327/accuracy-of-impression-scanning-compared-with-stone-casts-of-implant-impressions
#12
Ragai Edward Matta, Werner Adler, Manfred Wichmann, Siegfried Martin Heckmann
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Accurate virtual implant models are a necessity for the fabrication of precisely fitting superstructures. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate different methods with which to build an accurate virtual model of a 3-dimensional implant in the oral cavity; this model would then be used for iterative computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) procedures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A titanium master model with 3 rigidly connected implants was manufactured and digitized with a noncontact industrial scanner to obtain a virtual master model...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881321/a-digital-approach-integrating-facial-scanning-in-a-cad-cam-workflow-for-complete-mouth-implant-supported-rehabilitation-of-patients-with-edentulism-a-pilot-clinical-study
#13
Bassam Hassan, Beatriz Gimenez Gonzalez, Ali Tahmaseb, Marcus Greven, Daniel Wismeijer
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Complete-mouth implant-supported rehabilitations are challenging because of the multiple surgical and prosthetic steps involved in clinical evaluations to assure passive prosthesis fit and optimal esthetic and functional outcomes. As a result, these rehabilitations are usually associated with substantial clinical time, patient discomfort, and high treatment cost. PURPOSE: The purpose of this pilot clinical study was to evaluate a novel digital approach integrating digital intraoral dental and extraoral facial scanning information to design and mill a computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) implant-retained prosthesis for patients with complete edentulism...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881315/cad-cam-implant-supported-fixed-complete-dental-prosthesis-with-titanium-milled-molars-a-clinical-report
#14
Abdulaziz AlHelal, Bader AlBader, Mathew T Kattadiyil, Antoanela Garbacea, Periklis Proussaefs
Implant-supported fixed complete dental prostheses have been associated with a high implant success rate in long-term studies. However, they have also been associated with a high frequency of prosthetic complications. The most frequent and primary prosthetic complication has been the fracture or wear of the occlusal surface of acrylic resin teeth that are typically attached to a metal framework. The design of the framework in this clinical report involved the incorporation of metal occlusal surfaces for the posterior first molars to the framework...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881308/technique-for-transferring-the-path-of-insertion-of-a-removable-partial-denture-to-a-cad-cam-generated-implant-surgical-template
#15
Thomas L Kwun, Michael Razzoog
A technique is described that uses a surveyor, gutta percha points, and a computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM)-guided implant surgery system to predetermine and transfer the ideal angulation of the implant to be placed.
October 27, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880028/effect-of-different-surface-treatments-on-bond-strength-of-resin-cement-to-a-cad-cam-restorative-material
#16
Kubilay Barutcigil, Çağatay Barutcigil, Esra Kul, Mehmet Mustafa Özarslan, Ulviye Sebnem Buyukkaplan
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of various surface treatment methods on the shear bond strength of self-adhesive resin cement to a novel CAD/CAM hybrid ceramic material. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A novel hybrid ceramic restorative material (Vita Enamic) was used in this study. Sixty resin block specimens were prepared and separated into six groups for each surface treatment method (n = 10); group 1: control group, no treatment applied; group 2: sandblasted by 30 μm silicate-coated alumina particles (CoJet Sandblasting); group 3: 50 μm Al2 O3 sandblasting; group 4: 10% hydrofluoric acid; group 5: no surface treatment + universal adhesive (3M Single Bond Universal); group 6: 200 mJ, 10 Hz 2W Er,Cr:YSGG laser treatment...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880011/shear-bond-strength-of-repair-systems-to-new-cad-cam-restorative-materials
#17
Özlem Üstün, Işıl Keçik Büyükhatipoğlu, Aslı Seçilmiş
PURPOSE: To evaluate the bond strength of repair systems (Ceramic Repair, Clearfil Repair) to computer-aided design/computer-assisted machining (CAD/CAM) restorative materials (IPS e.max CAD, Vita Suprinity, Vita Enamic, Lava Ultimate). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thermally aged CAD/CAM restorative material specimens (5000 cycles between 5°C and 55°C) were randomly divided into two groups according to the repair system: Ceramic Repair (37% phosphoric acid + Monobond-S + Heliobond + Tetric N Ceram) or Clearfil Repair (40% phosphoric acid + mixture of Clearfil Porcelain Bond Activator and Clearfil SE Bond Primer + Clearfil SE Bond + Filtek Z250)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870167/design-of-complete-dentures-by-adopting-cad-developed-for-fixed-prostheses
#18
Yanfeng Li, Weili Han, Jing Cao, Yuan Iv, Yue Zhang, Yishi Han, Yi Shen, Zheng Ma, Huanyue Liu
The demand for complete dentures is expected to increase worldwide, but complete dentures are mainly designed and fabricated manually involving a broad series of clinical and laboratory procedures. Therefore, the quality of complete dentures largely depends on the skills of the dentist and technician, leading to difficulty in quality control. Computer-aided design and manufacturing (CAD/CAM) has been used to design and fabricate various dental restorations including dental inlays, veneers, crowns, partial crowns, and fixed partial dentures (FPDs)...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866055/microstructure-and-nanoindentation-analyses-of-low-temperature-aging-on-the-zirconia-porcelain-interface
#19
M D Peng, J Q Wei, Y N Wang, Q Li
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of low-temperature aging on the micro-mechanical and micro-structural properties of zirconia-porcelain interface. In total, thirty-three Y-TZP zirconia blocks were fabricated by using CAD/CAM technology, veneered with porcelains. Specimens were submitted to low-temperature aging in an autoclave at 134°C, additional 0.2MPa pressure for 0h, 5h, or 10h. Flexural strength was obtained by using three-point bending test. Micro-mechanical properties (nano-hardness (H) and reduced modulus (Er)) were investigated by nanoindentation tests...
November 11, 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863860/orofacial-rehabilitation-with-zygomatic-implants-cad-cam-bar-and-magnets-for-patients-with-nasal-cancer-after-rhinectomy-and-partial-maxillectomy
#20
Elizabeth King, Carl Abbott, Lawrence Dovgalski, James Owens
Nasal carcinoma extending into the premaxilla requires radical surgical excision including rhinectomy and partial maxillectomy. Rehabilitation is complex and involves the use of removable prostheses. Three patients treated with zygomatic implants and custom-milled bars to retain an obturator and nasal prosthesis are presented.
November 15, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
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