Read by QxMD icon Read


Raghu Prakash, Archana Puri, Rama Anand, Ajay K Jain, Brahmanand Lal, Vaibhav Garg
INTRODUCTION: Upper tract damage (UTD) is a life-threatening complication of neurogenic bladder (NB). Early identification of risk factors for UTD and institution of remedial measures may probably prevent UTD. The aim was to study the predictors of UTD in children 2 years or older with NB. METHOD: This cross-sectional, observational study over 2 years included 30 children. UTD was defined as serum creatinine of >1 mg/dL or society of fetal urology grade III-IV hydronephrosis or hydroureteronephrosis on ultrasonography or renal scars on (99)(m)technetium dimercaptosuccinic scan or subnormal glomerular filtration rate (GFR) for age...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Cody Rosentrater, Tracy L Finlayson, K Michael Peddecord
OBJECTIVES: California Assembly Bill 2109 (AB2109) was passed in 2012 and restricted the obtainment of personal belief exemptions (PBEs) for vaccination requirements for school-aged children. This study examined changes in up-to-date (UTD) vaccination rates, PBEs, and conditionally accepted students (CASs) at 3 time points. The study also examined the association of PBEs and CASs on county and school immunization rates. DESIGN: This study utilized 6 academic years of immunization data from all kindergartens in California from 2010-2011 to 2015-2016...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Susmita Pati, Jiayu Huang, Angie Wong, Zeinab Baba, Svetlana Ostapenko, Alexander G Fiks, Avital Cnaan
INTRODUCTION: Low-income child populations remain under-vaccinated. Our objective was to determine differences in the relative importance of maternal health literacy and socio-demographic characteristics that often change during early childhood on up-to-date (UTD) immunization status among a low-income population. METHODS: We performed secondary data analysis of a longitudinal prospective cohort study of 744 Medicaid-eligible mother-infant dyads recruited at the time of the infant's birth from an inner-city hospital in the United States and surveyed every 6 months for 24 months...
February 27, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
R S Zee, C D Anthony Herndon, C S Cooper, C Kim, P H McKenna, A Khoury, K W Herbst
INTRODUCTION: The resolution rate of prenatal urinary tract dilation (UTD) has been documented in several retrospective studies. The present study analyzed prospective observational registry data, with the aim of determining time to resolution among patients prenatally identified with mild postnatal UTD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 248 subjects, from four centers, were prospectively enrolled from 2008 to 2015. Exclusion criteria included other anomalies (n = 69), fewer than two ultrasounds, and/or <3 months follow-up (n = 26)...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Mandy Rickard, Armando J Lorenzo, Luis H Braga, Caroline Munoz
OBJECTIVE: To explore the value of renal parenchyma-to-hydronephrosis area ratio (PHAR) in detecting trends of hydronephrosis (HN) improvement or worsening and response to surgical intervention. METHODS: Initial and follow-up sagittal renal ultrasound images of patients entered into a prenatal HN database from 2008 to 2016, with baseline Society for Fetal Urology (SFU) grades III and IV HN and without vesicoureteral reflux, were evaluated using National Institutes of Health-sponsored image-processing software...
January 19, 2017: Urology
Aurélien Scalabre, Delphine Demède, Ségolène Gaillard, Jean-Pierre Pracros, Pierre Mouriquand, Pierre-Yves Mure
PURPOSE: We compared the prognostic value of anteroposterior intrasinus diameter of the renal pelvis, urinary tract dilatation and the Society for Fetal Urology grading system in children with prenatally diagnosed unilateral urinary tract dilatation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All newborns with prenatally diagnosed unilateral urinary tract dilatation, normal bladder and anteroposterior intrasinus diameter 10 mm or greater on the first postnatal ultrasonography were prospectively enrolled from January 2011 to February 2015...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Urology
Mandy Rickard, Bethany Easterbrook, Soojin Kim, Forough Farrokhyar, Nina Stein, Steven Arora, Vladamir Belostotsky, Jorge DeMaria, Armando J Lorenzo, Luis H Braga
INTRODUCTION: The urinary tract dilation (UTD) classification system was introduced to standardize terminology in the reporting of hydronephrosis (HN), and bridge a gap between pre- and postnatal classification such as the Society for Fetal Urology (SFU) grading system. Herein we compare the intra/inter-rater reliability of both grading systems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: SFU (I-IV) and UTD (I-III) grades were independently assigned by 13 raters (9 pediatric urology staff, 2 nephrologists, 2 radiologists), twice, 3 weeks apart, to 50 sagittal postnatal ultrasonographic views of hydronephrotic kidneys...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Allison Kempe, Alison W Saville, Brenda Beaty, L Miriam Dickinson, Dennis Gurfinkel, Sheri Eisert, Heather Roth, Diana Herrero, Lynn Trefren, Rachel Herlihy
OBJECTIVES: We compared effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of: 1) centralized reminder/recall (C-R/R) using the Colorado Immunization Information System (CIIS) versus practice-based reminder/recall (PB-R/R) approaches to increase immunization rates; 2) different levels of C-R/R intensity; and 3) C-R/R with versus without the name of the child's provider. METHODS: We conducted 3 sequential cluster-randomized trials involving children 19-25 months in 15 Colorado counties in 3/2013 (trial 1), 10/2013 (trial 2), and 5/2014 (trial 3)...
November 29, 2016: Academic Pediatrics
Miran Han, Hyun Gi Kim, Jung-Dong Lee, Seon Young Park, Young Keun Sur
BACKGROUND: The urinary tract dilation (UTD) classification system was proposed in 2014. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correspondence and reliability of two US grading systems for postnatal urinary tract dilatation in infants: the Society for Fetal Urology (SFU) and the UTD systems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We assessed 180 kidneys in infants younger than 1 year. Four radiologists assessed the kidneys twice using both the SFU system (grades 0 to 4) and the UTD system (grades normal, P1, P2, P3)...
January 2017: Pediatric Radiology
Mandy Rickard, Armando J Lorenzo, Luis H Braga
OBJECTIVE: To explore the potential value of an objective assessment, renal parenchyma to hydronephrosis area ratio (PHAR), as an early predictor of surgery. METHODS: Initial sagittal renal ultrasound (US) images of patients prospectively entered into a prenatal hydronephrosis database from January 2008 to January 2016 with baseline Society for Fetal Urology (SFU) grades III and IV prenatal hydronephrosis, without vesicoureteral reflux, were evaluated using the National Institutes of Health-sponsored image processing software...
October 3, 2016: Urology
Luis H Braga, Melissa McGrath, Forough Farrokhyar, Kizanee Jegatheeswaran, Armando J Lorenzo
PURPOSE: There are limited comparative data on the predictive value of the 2 most commonly used classification systems, that is SFU (Society for Fetal Urology) hydronephrosis grades and urinary tract dilatation risk groups, in regard to the future risk of surgical intervention and the development of febrile urinary tract infection. We explored this topic in infants with isolated hydronephrosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After screening 938 patients with prenatal hydronephrosis from 2009 to 2016 we selected 322 patients with ureteropelvic junction obstruction-like hydronephrosis for study...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Urology
D J Chalmers, M L Meyers, K E Brodie, C Palmer, J B Campbell
INTRODUCTION: Antenatal hydronephrosis (ANH) is frequently detected on screening obstetric ultrasonography. Common ANH grading systems include the anterior-posterior diameter (APD) and the Society for Fetal Urology (SFU) grading system. Recent developments in the management of ANH include the use of fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and a new grading system - Urinary Tract Dilation (UTD). This study reviewed patients who underwent fetal MRI and ultrasound, and compared the grading systems across these imaging modalities...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Michael Garcia-Roig, Angela M Arlen, Jonathan H Huang, Eleonora Filimon, Traci Leong, Andrew J Kirsch
INTRODUCTION: Urinary stasis in the setting of obstruction provides an opportunistic environment for bacterial multiplication and is a well-established risk factor for UTI. Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) with delayed upper tract drainage (UTD) on VCUG has been reported to correlate with increased UTI risk. We sought to determine whether delayed UTD can be reliably classified, and whether it correlates with UTI incidence, VCUG, or endoscopic findings. METHODS: Children undergoing endoscopic surgery for primary VUR (2009-2012) were identified...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Weiwei Chen, Laurie D Elam-Evans, Holly A Hill, David Yankey
This study examined whether additional information on parents' employment and household characteristics would help explain the differences in children's up-to-date (UTD) vaccination status using the 2008 National Immunization Survey and its associated Socioeconomic Status Module. After controlling for basic sociodemographic factors in multivariable analyses, parent's work schedules and ease of taking time off from work were not associated with UTD vaccination status among 19- to 35-month-old children. We also conducted a stratified analysis to test the heterogeneous effects of the factors among children at 3 age-restricted maternal education levels and found the benefit of paid sick leave had a significant association only among families where the mother had a college degree...
July 22, 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
M Rickard, L H Braga, J-P Oliveria, R Romao, J Demaria, A J Lorenzo
INTRODUCTION: Renograms are frequently obtained post-pyeloplasty in patients with residual hydronephrosis to confirm adequate drainage. Recent evidence suggests that percent improvement in antero-posterior diameter (PI-APD) ≥38 is predictive of success. We sought to further explore PI-APD ranges that would allow identification of patients who would benefit from ultrasound (US) monitoring alone vs. post-operative renal scan, and those more likely to develop recurrent ureteropelvic junction obstruction (rUPJO)...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Linda Y Fu, Kathleen Zook, Janet A Gingold, Catherine W Gillespie, Christine Briccetti, Denice Cora-Bramble, Jill G Joseph, Rachel Haimowitz, Rachel Y Moon
OBJECTIVE: New emphasis on and requirements for demonstrating health care quality have increased the need for evidence-based methods to disseminate practice guidelines. With regard to impact on pediatric immunization coverage, we aimed to compare a financial incentive program (pay-for-performance [P4P]) and a virtual quality improvement technical support (QITS) learning collaborative. METHODS: This single-blinded (to outcomes assessor), cluster-randomized trial was conducted among unaffiliated pediatric practices across the United States from June 2013 to June 2014...
June 2016: Pediatrics
Rachael T Zweigoron, James R Roberts, Marcia Levin, Jean Chia, Myla Ebeling, Helen J Binns
This study seeks to better understand the impact of practice-level factors on up-to-date (UTD) rates in children. We compared practice-level vaccination rates for 54 practices to survey data regarding office practices for staffing, vaccine delivery, reminder-recall, and quality improvement. Vaccination rates at 24 and 35 months were analyzed using t tests, analysis of variance, and linear regression. Private practices and those using standing orders had higher UTD rates at 24 months ( P = .01; P = .03), but not at 35 months...
March 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
James R Roberts, Monique Naifeh, Robert M Jacobson, Erin Hinton, Elizabeth O'Brien, Brianna Rogacki, David Thompson, Benyamin Margolis, Paul M Darden
National data on vaccine up-to-date (UTD) suggest that insufficient numbers of adolescents receive needed vaccines. This study analyzed public use data of the National Immunization Survey-Teen (NIS-Teen) from 2010 through 2013 for South Carolina (SC) adolescents and compared immunization rates to those of United States (US) adolescents. We also examined trends for each vaccine recommended for adolescents for both SC and US adolescents. UTD rates in SC adolescents for the quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MCV4) and the tetanus- diphtheria, acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine lag those of US adolescents, despite demonstrating a trend of improvement in SC adolescents from 45% to 69% for MCV and from 48% to 72% for Tdap...
December 2015: Journal of the South Carolina Medical Association
Earnestine Willis, Svapna Sabnis, Chelsea Hamilton, Fue Xiong, Keli Coleman, Matt Dellinger, Michelle Watts, Richard Cox, Janice Harrell, Dorothy Smith, Melodee Nugent, Pippa Simpson
BACKGROUND: Nationally, immunization coverage for the DTaP/3HPV/1MMR/3HepB/3Hib/1VZV antigen series in children ages 19-35 months are near or above the Healthy People 2020 target (80%). However, children in lower socioeconomic families experience lower coverage rates. OBJECTIVE: Using a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach, Community Health Improvement for Milwaukee Children (CHIMC) intervened to reduce disparities in childhood immunizations. METHODS: The CHIMC adopted a self-assessment to examine the effectiveness of adhering to CBPR principles...
2016: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
Yoshihiro Sugi, Ajayan Vinu
Steric interaction of reagents with nanospace of zeolites was studied in alkylation: isopropylation, sec-butylation, and tert-butylation of naphthalene (NP) over several large-pore zeolites to elucidate the mechanism of shape-selective catalysis. Selectivities for β,β- and 2,6-dialkylnaphthalene (DAN) were influenced by the type of zeolite and bulkiness of alkylating agent. Shape-selective formation of β,β- and 2,6-diisopropylnaphthalene (DIPN) occurred only over H-mordenite (MOR) in the isopropylation of NP...
December 2015: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"